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Writing an essay is not something everyone is equally good at. There are many considerations when you write an essay since your task is not only to write but to write well. The fact is that many students find writing essays frustrating. Often, they seek easy ways out and reach out to online services to get the job done. Some services are reliable while the others are not. You must do a search about the service and read reviews before engaging in services. In your time of need, you can reach out to real professional writers and have your essay skillfully written. However, if you want to try and succeed with the task yourself, we have gathered some essential steps to take to write a perfect essay. Moreover, you can familiarize yourself with a total Papersowl.com prices review and plan out your budget accordingly when it comes to placing an order with the company.

However, if you want to give it a try and create your school or college assignment yourself, we’re willing to share some essential tips and recommendation you can follow to write a paper that will shine and impress your teachers.

Related: 10 Tips for writing good research paper

The topic

There are two options concerning the essay topic– either it is given, or you have to come with one on your own. If you are given a topic, all you need to figure out is whether your essay is going to be an overview or a specific analysis. With a free topic, there is much more work to do. However, you have the advantage of choosing something you are truly interested in. Your task is to either inform or persuade the reader. When you have chosen the approach, you need to think about what would make you want to read your essay and then make your starting point. This is only the first step; there are a couple more ahead.

The outline

A successful project is an organized one. That is why you need to not only organize but also prioritize your thoughts, ideas, and views. You can try to put everything on paper so that it is easier to see a certain pattern. Make sure that you have up to five ideas to dwell upon. Each idea should represent a separate section, which you are going to fill in later on.

Thesis statement

To begin with, it needs to be pointed out what a thesis statement is. A thesis statement is a part that tells your reader what the point of your essay is. The thesis statement is supposed to have two parts. The first part states the topic, and the second part states the point of the essay.

Related: Tips on how to write a good thesis?

The body

The body of your essay is the part where you explain your topic. The body connects all five of your main ideas into one complete, related essay. It needs to be mentioned that every body paragraph should have the same structure. Use each of your ideas as an introductory sentence. Complete every section with supporting ideas but leave some space blank; you can fill it out with proper examples later on.

Introduction

When your thesis and body are complete, you can start the introduction. The introduction is supposed to be written in such a manner that it attracts your reader’s attention. You can use some shocking information, dialogue, a story, a quote, or a summary of your topic in your introduction.

Conclusion

The conclusion is the part where you summarize everything written before. You do not need more than five sentences, to sum up, the essay. All you need to do is to simply review everything written above.

Finishing touch

If you think that your essay is ready after you have written the conclusion, that is not entirely true. There are always some finishing touches to be added. First of all, you need to read through your essay. Make sure that your strongest points are the first and last paragraphs within the body, and all the rest is somewhere in the middle. It is essential that your paragraphs are written in a sensible order. You should also pay attention to such details as required format, spelling or punctuation mistakes, etc. When you have checked all the mentioned above points, you should reread the essay once again. Now, it is safe to say that your essay is ready.

To sum everything up, it should be said that writing an essay is not that difficult as it may seem at first glance. All you need is a proper plan and an interesting topic. If you stick to the steps described above, you will be able to come up with a successful essay in no time. However, if you are sure that writing essays is not your cup of tea – you can always seek professional help.

Related: Guidelines and steps for writing a coursework | Tips for good writing

The post Effective Tips That Will Improve Your Essay Writing Skills appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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The National Testing Agency has released the online application form at jeemain.nic.in. Candidates who were not able to appear for the JEE Main January session can take the exam in April. JEE Main scorecard is considered by NITs, IIITs and CFTIs at the time of the seat allocation process. Know about the detailed application process of the JEE Main exam below.

Candidates must ensure that they are eligible to enter the examination before applying online. The direct link to application form for Joint Entrance Examination (Main) will be available on the homepage of the official portal. Next, candidates need to register themselves to receive the login credentials for signup. Once they sign up, they can proceed with submission of form along with the requisite application fee.

Step-wise Process to Fill the JEE Main Application Form

You can find the link on the homepage of the official website. Next, the link will redirect you to the registration window. First, let us learn about the ‘Fresh Candidate Registration’.

Registration for new users

Three core steps to register yourself includes- (1) Filling in the application form, (2) Upload of scanned images, and (3) Payment of the examination fee

Step 1 Under ‘Fresh Candidate Registration’, click on the tab ‘Proceed to apply’.
Step 2 In the next window, you need to read the important instructions for filling in the application form. Download the information bulletin (if required) and mark the declaration box to proceed.
Step 3 Authentication Form: Enter the prescribed details- State of Eligibility, Type of ID, ID number, Candidate’s name, Date of birth, Gender, and Security pin. Submit the details.
Step 4 Personal details: Later, enter Father’s name, Mother’s name, Category, PwD (yes/No), Diabetic (yes/ no), Nationality, Place of residence,
Step 5 Exam related details: Name of course, Mode of exam, First four choices of exam centres, and Medium of question paper.
Step 6 Mailing address details: Country, State, District, Residential address, Locality, Name of city/ town/ village, Pin code, Email address, and Mobile number.
Step 7 Academic details: Mention Year of passing matriculation and intermediate, Year of passing, Percentage of marks in class 12, Name of school, etc.
Step 8 Guardian details: Father’s/ Mother’s qualification, occupation, and annual income.
Step 9 Set password and enter security pin.
Step 10 Submit the details and review the application form.
Step 11 After successful registration, you will be assigned ‘Application Number’ and ‘Password’.

Application process | JEE Main

Now, you are a registered user, therefore you can proceed with the steps mentioned below.

Step 1 Signup: Key in login credentials- Application Number and Password.
Step 2 Upload scanned copies: Upload scanned images of Photograph and Signature in the prescribed format, dimensions, and file size given below.
Step 3 Payment of application fee: Candidates can make the payment through online mode (Net Banking/ Debit card/ Credit card/ UPI) or generate an e-Challan (offline mode).

Specifications of Photograph and Signature

You need to upload the scanned images of photograph and signature as per the specifications given below.

Scanned copy File size Format
Photograph Between 10 kb and 200 kb JPG/ JPEG
Signature Between 4 kb and 30 kb JPG/ JPEG

Application Fee

For B.E./ B.Tech or B.Arch/B.Planning

Name of category Application fee
General/ OBC Rs 500
Female candidates
(all categories excluding foreign candidates)
Rs 250
SC/ST/PwD Rs 250

For both B.E./B.Tech & B.Arch/ B.Planning

Name of category Application fee
General/ OBC Rs 900
Female candidates
(all categories excluding foreign candidates)
Rs 450
SC/ST/PwD Rs 450

What to do in case of forgotten password?

 In case you have forgotten the password, you may reset it using the methods mentioned below.

  • Method 1: Answer the security question set during filling of application form.
  • Method 2: Alternatively, you can request verification code on registered mobile number via text message.
  • Method 3: Else, you can request the link for ‘Password Reset’ on your registered email address.

Qualifying marks of class 12: For admission to IIITs/ NITs/CFTIS, general category applicants must have obtained a minimum of 75%, while SC/ST candidates must have scored  a minimum of 65%.

Make sure you apply online for the JEE Main session at the earliest.

Don’t forget to download Gradeup JEE Main exam preparation app. It provides free study material, quizzes, mock test, previous year papers, and all the updates related to the exam.

The post How to Fill the Application Form of JEE Main? appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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Have you ever thought about installing solar panels on your rooftop but don’t know how to go about it? Check out this easy infographic to help get you started!

Most residents or homeowners in Dubai have looked at ways to reduce their utility bills especially when summer hits. We know that installing solar panels is good for the environment. But it is also a great way of taking advantage of the abundant sun we receive to reduce electricity bills. Whether you are a homeowner, long-term resident or don’t know for how long you will be in Dubai, you can still benefit from installing solar panels. Sandhya Prakash from Beacon Energy Solutions & Technology, a turnkey energy management and solar provider, talks us through the process for residential villas in Dubai.

Related: Related: Importance of Environmental Education for Saving Environment, Main types of environmental pollution that we must be careful!

(Infographic questions)

  • Where do I begin? Before you approach a solar provider you need to gather your electricity bills, rooftop drawings and think about your budget. Electricity bills will decide if you are a heavy user (AED 5000-6000 electricity bill per month), medium user (AED 3000-4000 electricity bill per month) or light user (AED 1200-1500 per month).
  • What are my constraints? For residential villas the space is the biggest constraint. Shading analysis may eliminate more space than you think you have available.
  • Can I aim for a zero electricity bill? Yes! Depending on your consumption (heavy, medium or light user) you can produce about 40-50% (for medium users) of your consumption through solar panels. If you are a light user, you can easily achieve a zero bill!
  • How much will this cost me? Depending on your preference it can cost between AED 4000-6000 to install 1 KW Solar Rooftop Plant for electricity  production from solar panels. Currently, the ROI for a residential villa is about 5-8 years.
  • How long does the process take? Assessment, design, No Objection and Inspections from DEWA, DM approvals and the installation process takes about 12 to 17 weeks.
  • Do I need to go to a solar provider? You will need to approach an approved solar provider on DEWA’s list to able to gain all the necessary certificates to install the solar panels and connect to the current electricity grid.
  • I don’t currently have a budget for this. Is there something else I can start with? Of course! You can start with installing solar powered lights as part of outdoor landscaping. What’s better, this can easily be a DIY project if you prefer. Or choose to run your entire hot water requirement on solar thermal technologies.
  • I live in an apartment. What can I do? If your balcony receives enough sunlight, you can start by installing solar powered lights in your balcony. Speak to your neighbours and perhaps together you can convince your facilities management team to adopt more climate responsive solutions in your building for waste disposal, composting, rooftop gardens, retrofitting your building with centralized solar powered water heating system and more.
  • I already have solar panels in my villa. Is there anything else I can do? Yes, there is. Does the air conditioning system in your villa need an upgrade? Go for a solar thermal air conditioning unit. This is guaranteed to reduce your air conditioning bill by half! Energy management is a continuous process. Get in touch with experts to find out more about electricity and water saving in the UAE.

Author Bio: Karishma Asarpota is an urban planner, researcher and a blogger interested in writing about climate change related issues.

Related: Urban Development and Climate Change Relationship, Environmental Education

The post Quick start guide to installing solar panels in your house in Dubai appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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The modern world has so much to offer if only you are willing to grasp it. For instance, all creative people who wish to share their creativity with others, have unlimited access to all online sources that can help them succeed. All that is needed is a proper guide.

Let’s say you think you are a good writer but the only place that you store your writings is your notebook. That is not good. You need to show the world what you are good at. That is why we will discuss the best platforms that are most helpful for beginning writers. You can use all of them to your advantage when it comes to your personal writing, but in case you are looking for academic writing or wondering where I can write my dissertation uk, we will suggest you to follow the link and have a look at the services being offered.

Journo Portfolio

If you like to keep organized, the platform you need is a Journo Portfolio. The platform is simple to use and very customizable. The tools the platform offers will allow you to sort your content depending on your preferences. You can create web pages in various layouts, themes, and designs. Besides, you can share your content across other platforms as well. It is safe to say that Journo Portfolio is the place you can combine all of your writings, sort them accordingly and share with an audience.

Clippings.me

These days people prefer to read something unique but also simple to comprehend. Besides, the longer your content, the lesser chance there is that someone will read through it. That is why Clippings.me is so perfect for clippings or podcasts. So if you are a freelance writer or a journalist that requires some more recognition – feel free to use the platform to your advantage! The platform is simple to manage and offers many customization tools to interact with.

Pressfolios

This is a platform primarily designed for journalists and budding writers. The platform comes with a user-friendly framework and an intuitive interface. Pressfolios allows you to upload content, edit it and promote it across social media networks. It needs to be mentioned that the platform comes with an auto-backup option. This means that every file you upload gets a backup copy stored on the cloud.

Contently

Contently is a platform where you can get noticed and promoted. It is a site builder that supports all young writers, budding journalists, and content writers. The platform is simple to use and offers an in-house editor that can assist you in adding themes, tweaking the content, and inserting images and graphics. All these functions can increase the readability of your content significantly. If you write well, you may get noticed by some journalists and media houses.

Weebly

In case you are looking for the simplest and the easiest website builder, then you should give Weebly a try. This platform allows you to build multiple pages with ease. However, it needs to be mentioned that every page comes with the Weebly branding, which can be removed if you opt for a paid version. The interface the platform offers comes with may editing tools that allow you to add images, buttons, custom forms, videos, etc.

Squarespace

If you want your content to be read worldwide, then Squarespace is what you need. You can use the platform to develop stellar websites. The platform comes with a vast range of editing tools and advanced features. You can easily build your website with the help of various themes, readymade layouts, and available designs. There is also an in-house editor available that allows you to reorder the arrangement of specific sections, add galleries, generate contact forms, and integrate your social media accounts.

Flavors.me

Those of you who wish to integrate all the social media notifications in one place should think about Flavors.me. The platform allows you to access all RSS feeds, videos and other content on one website. The free version comes with 7 themes and various fonts that you can customize your content with. There is also a paid version for $20 a year, which can offer you even more. The premium version includes a unique user URL, free hosting, domain services, more themes, and mobile-friendly tools.

As you can see, there are many helpful platforms out there for beginning writers. Some of them are free; some are pre-paid. However, all of them offer you those necessary tools and features to advertise and popularize your content.

The post Best Online Platforms To Fuel Your Inner Successful Writer appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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There has been a significant increase in the awareness of our damaged ecosystem. People have started preferring eco-friendly materials to decorate their interiors. Eco-friendly tiles can be made from 100% recycled materials. The materials can be recycled glass, stone, corks, concrete, bamboo, rubber, natural linoleum, leather, reclaimed hardwood, and ceramic.

The eco-friendly tiles not only add aesthetics to your interior but also are durable, sustainable and long-lasting. Many manufacturers have started investing in ecofriendly-tiles and has gained huge profits. Allied Market Research has estimated that the global eco-friendly tiles market would grow up to $37.75 billion at a staggering 11.9% CAGR by 2023. The market for eco-friendly tiles is driven by various recyclable materials. These recyclable materials undergo high-end processing so as to deliver long-lasting and sustainable products.

Related: Roof Tiles – An Essential Component in Buildings

These recyclable materials have their own traits.

1. Glass tiles

The materials used in the making of glass tiles consists of beer bottles, wine bottles, liquor bottles, and broken glasses from windshield & windowpanes. These glasses can be plain or tinted. They are melted down together to create a masterpiece. Sustainable tiles are made by perfectly engineering these pieces of glass. These tiles are non-absorptive, and will not mold even in damp environments. Glass tiles can be maintained easily, and don’t stain easily. They offer a wide range of color options that could perfectly match your décor. These tiles reflect light so you can install them in rooms that need to be lit brightly.

2. Ceramic Tiles

The noticeable feature of ceramic tiles is that they do not absorb any volatile organic compounds or any other contaminants. This ensures that your environment is free from toxic substances or allergens. They do not let fungus and bacteria to grow on them, making them perfect for bathrooms. These tiles can be easily cleaned, and do not require chemical-based cleaners to maintain them. Installation of ceramic tiles is one of the best options to reduce the carbon footprint in our ecosystem.

3. Stone Tiles

Stone is an unadulterated material that do not require any other material or processing using chemicals, solvents, and glazes for manufacturing. Stone tiles can be manufactured without the usage of firing a kiln that is used while making other tiles that cause pollutants. Stone flooring is best suited for areas that are damp and moist. Stone tiles offer sustainability, durability, and longevity. The long life of these tiles ensures that a user will not need to replace them frequently and cause any wastage while doing so. Stone tiles offer great value for money as they offer hard-wearing and high-quality properties.

4. Cork Tiles

Corks are generally used as a cap on liquor bottles, soda bottles, or in small mechanisms. Material for cork tiles is collected from the bark of the cork oak tree. This tree can be easily found in the Mediterranean forests. After a period of nine years, once these cork oak trees reach maturity, they are harvested. But this does not harm the ecosystem as the tree and the bark grows again in the span of three years. These cork tiles feature anti-microbial properties and therefore acts as a natural insect repellent. This helps to make an allergen-free environment. Cork is also a great insulating material and acts as a fire retardant. These tiles are highly durable and ensures long-term use. Cork tiles can blend perfectly with different stains and paints so that you can customize your décor with these tiles. These tiles easily last for 10 to 30 years.

5. Concrete Tiles

All the waste concrete from the construction sites is potentially a raw material for concrete tiles. The key elements for making concrete is limestone, which is available in abundance. Other few elements can be slag cement, silica fume, fly ash, waste byproducts from power plants, manufacturing facilities, and steel mills. They integrate smoothly with waste products like crushed glass, marble chips, metal shavings, and bits of recyclable plastic. Tiles made from concrete optimizes radiant luminescent heat transfer. They work perfectly with passive solar designs as concrete absorbs the heat of the sun and radiates the stored energy afterward. Concrete tiles are very durable and ensure longevity. Concrete repels mold and terminates toxicity. Hence, they are perfect for installation in the interior having moist, warm, and humid conditions.

6. Bamboo Tiles

Bamboo is a type of grass that shares characteristics of hardwood. Bamboo flooring is gaining popularity as it is durable, easy to install, and easy to maintain. The bamboo used in the manufacturing of tiles is a part of natural vegetation which is cut down for manufacturing tiles after it reaches maturity after a span of 3 to 5 years. This material is very light in weight, which makes installing these tiles a cakewalk. Bamboo offers a variety of hues so that you can immaculately integrate these tiles with your interior décor. You can freely customize the bamboo tiles as you wish. Bamboo flooring is cost effective and keeps your surrounding hygienic.

7. Reclaimed hardwood tiles

Reclaimed hardwood tiles are great options for eco-friendly hardwood flooring. The key materials used in manufacturing of these tiles consist of salvaged wood, timbers of decks, abandoned houses, barns, and old buildings. If the wood is salvaged from historic structures, it will have a unique personality. Basically, all the materials that have been destroyed or thrown are recycled into beautiful and durable tiles. These tiles are non-toxic and offers a vibrant texture to your interior décor.

8. Rubber Tiles

The advantage of rubber flooring is its toughness and resilience. These tiles are manufactured from recycled tires and other rubber accessories that have been thrown away. Rubber tiles are water resistant and comfortable to walk on. It is very practical to install these tiles in the kid’s room as these tiles provide cushioning effect so those kids will not hurt themselves if they fall while playing. It also reduces the sound and acts as a noise absorbent. It can be easily dyed to match your interior décor.

9. Leather Tiles

To make your floor feel soft and warm, leather is the best material to use. Leather tiles are made from recycled handbags, wallets, and belts. They perfectly complement your bedroom and closet interior. Leather tiles are hard-wearing and they develop their own personality with age as they get worn and scratched. This unique personality is eye-catching, and add vibrance to your décor.

10. Linoleum Tiles

Linoleum Tiles may look similar to vinyl tiles, but that similarities end there. Unlike vinyl tiles that are made using synthesis of chlorinated petrochemicals which are very harmful, linoleum is made from concoction of cork dust, wood flour, ground limestone, linseed oil, tree resins, and pigments. The properties of linoleum tiles are similar to cork tiles. They are water resistant and fire retardant. These tiles are easy to maintain and can be dyed to match your interior décor.

More and more designers and interior decorator are seeking out innovative ideas to boost the market of eco-friendly tiles and contribute to our ecosystem. Even big manufacturers offer support to interior decorators that suggest eco-friendly tiles to their customers. The market of eco-friendly tiles would reach a new high as people would opt for those tiles in order to save our ecosystem.

Also Read: Go Green – Bathroom Remodeling For A More Eco-Friendly Home

The post Decorate Your Interior with Panache Using Different Eco-Friendly Tiles appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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Planning Tank by Goutham Raj Kj - 1w ago

Urbanization is, predominantly, perceived as the engine for economic growth in the current wave of development. Urban centers are believed to be the spaces for enormous opportunities. The opportunities that cities provide are concomitant to distress in hinterlands that propels the city-ward migration in huge proportions. To define urbanization, it is the process of increase in area of urban centers and proportion of the population living in that area. In contemporary times more than 50 percent of the world’s population is living in cities while it is approximately 31 percent in India. The current 50 percent of world’s urban population share will be increased to 60 percent by 2030. The significance of urbanization has been paramount in today’s development trajectory considering the overall share of urban centers in world’s GDP and job creation. UN-Habitat accounts urban centers share as 70 percent in global GDP. In India, although the urbanized population is 31 percent in proportion to total population the urban areas contribute to the GDP will rise to a whopping 70-75 percent in 2020 from the current 63 percent as per a report by Barclays. A World Economic Forum study revealed that there are 5 Indian cities in top 10 most dynamic cities in the world based on a city momentum index which focuses on socioeconomic and real-estate indicators (Kelly, 2019).

The multi-dimensional need, pushing for city-ward migration is stressing cities that are already burdened with existing populations. Ideally, a city requires inward migration when its population is outnumbered to fill all the opportunities created within and then the emerging gaps are to be bridged by migration. In the current development paradigm, more than the pull factors in cities, it is the push factors in hinterlands that are causing massive migration patterns. India is experiencing a huge city-ward migration, without much investment in new cities creation, historically; the existing cities are over-burdened with the relentless influx and further crippled with poor urban management. Hitherto failure in formulating a comprehensive agrarian policy to create self-reliant farming communities has increasingly pushed the limits of distressed migration into cities in search of livelihood. Most of these city-ward migrants are semi-skilled and unskilled labourers set out for livelihood quench in cities in order to serve their distressed families back at home. There are 100 million circular migrants in India contributing to the relentless fluctuations in regional migration patterns (Bhide, 2013). These circular migrants are susceptible to several vulnerabilities emerged from territoriality of the policy, dependency and financial inability to access basic amenities and decent housing (Ibid).

Related: Emergence of Urban Areas as Spaces for Opportunities

As discussed above, historically, the urbanization is viewed as a phenomenon rendering economic prosperity but the discrepancies like rapidity and size of current urbanization process is analyzed as ‘urbanization of poverty’. The distressed migration into already saturated large cities in circumspection due to fallacious planning, inefficient management and exhausting resources is creating depriving externalities in the lives of poor migrants. The poor migrants in the cities of India and other middle and low-income group countries are unable to avail basic amenities and decent housing. Most of the informal housing, in the rush for shelter, is sometimes situated on unused land left due to its unsuitability.

Unplanned Development

The urban development in mid-income countries is described as socially segregated, characterized by unequal access to urban areas, infrastructure, services and security (Mitlin and Satterwhaite, 2013). The unplanned building construction and settlement extension, mismanagement of sewage and garbage, lack of drinking water and electricity can be considered as unplanned development. Basically, it is to develop town or area without planning infrastructure which is unhygienic and unhealthy for the settlement. The 2015 (a) report by United Nations International Strategies for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) revealed that 90 percent of people in urban areas in low-income countries live in unsafe, exposed housing. The encroachment involved in unplanned development is a major environmental degrading factor in cities. It can be in multiple forms like land-filling or reclamation of lakes, swamps, riverbeds and sea and deforestation of already declining green spaces and farmlands.  The institution of Mechanical Engineers revealed in their report that the degradation of natural calamities is one of the major contributors to increasingly recurring calamities (IMechE report, 2013). The unplanned and unauthorized development or urbanization has become the poor’s only pursuit to gain footholds in the city due to transient nature of state policy (referring to cut off dates and security tenures) and market repulsion to their unaffordability. Lack of an agency to let people build their own houses and an increasingly closed system created by the state and market agencies in land and housing are rendering homelessness and unsafe housing in Indian cities.  These haphazard settlements are often built on unsafe areas such as steep slopes, riverbeds, floodplains, saltpans, swamps, low lying areas and railway tracks. In both formal and informal economies the urban informality is often associated with low pay and high exposure to environmental hazards (Brown et al, 2014). The unplanned development will result in increasing disaster risk to the marginalized urban poor considering their settlements on unsafe lands.

 

Vulnerability as a socioeconomic differential

There is a close correlation between disasters, poverty and environment (Chambers, 1989). Without the resources to protect themselves the pressure induced by socioeconomic status of poor households’, forces them to live on haphazard locations. As the poor exploit the sensitive environmental resources for survival disaster risk increases. The continuous state led displacement into suburbs and absence of alternative sources of income is making the urban poor exploit the natural environment to attain subsistence.  Poverty as a factor influences both the choices for safer environment and the ability to recover from a disaster. As per UN-Habitat, the world’s slum population decreased by 20 percent from 2000 to 2014 but it grew in absolute numbers from 807 million to 883 million in the same period. The high population growth rate in low-income countries is an alarm for dire consequences if not mended with planning strategies to reduce the risk and integrated livelihood creation to alleviate the poverty and formalize their lives. Ex-mayor of Barcelona Dr. Clos stated that the 98 percent of the world’s urbanization growth by 2050 is to be accounted from global south of which 50-60 percent will be informal.

The rapidly growing small and medium towns are the most susceptible to increasing disaster risk than the rural areas and large cities (UNISDR, 2011). The current urbanization trend in India that is small and medium towns largely absorbing the city-ward migrants and the increasing share of census towns suggest that the Indian urbanization is prone to disaster risk. Concentrations of people, poverty and disaster are increasing the susceptibility of cities to risk.

Related: The Urban Renewal, Climate Change Action in Asia

References

  • Bhide, A. (2013). ‘The Invisible Migrant’. Urban Transition. Infochange Agenda. Pg 10-13.
  • Brown, D. Mcgranahan, D. Dodman, D. (2014). Urban informality and building a more inclusive and resilient green economy. IIED. London.
  • Chambers, R. (ed). Vulnerability: How the poor cope. IDS Bulletin. Vol. 20. 2 April 1989.
  • Kelly, J. (2019 Jan 04). These are the world’s 20 most dynamic cities. WEF. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/how-to-cure-the-growing-pains-of-the-worlds-most-dynamic-cities/
  • Mitlin, D., & Satterthwaite, D. (2013). Urban Poverty in the Global South. Scale and Nature. New York: Routledge.
  • UN-Habitat. Concept Note- World cities day. Building resilient and sustainable cities. https://unhabitat.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Final-World-Cities-Day-Concept-Note.pdf
  • UN-Habitat. Economy: https://unhabitat.org/urban-themes/economy/

 

 

The post The Paradox of Urbanization appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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In this article we will briefly explain the way to conduct a philosophical dissertation. The dissertation is the written or discourse that discourse, understanding to speak as the action of exposing a proper and reasoned opinion on a specific topic. To note, choosing a topic is as difficult as choosing the best among two watch brands; IWC watches or Tag Heuer watches.

It is important to understand what a dissertation is and what is not. We have said that it is the exposition of an own opinion reason why we must define what is an opinion. Expressing an opinion, in the context of the dissertation, is radically different from expressing a view, the opinion is not founded and does not claim any objectivity, is not supported by an argument, is simply an expression of a subjective feeling or idea. For example, the phrase “I like your green suit, it’s very beautiful” is an opinion and not an opinion, at least in the context of a dissertation, since it lacks and does not seek to be founded; Opinions are also “I think Plato is right” or “this idea of ​​Nietzsche is very real” because if these sentences do not go beyond expressing a baseless judgment they are not constructing any opinion.

Related: 4 Effective Tips to Choose the Right Case Study for Research

In the definition of dissertation we said that it was a proper and well-founded opinion on a specific topic. That the opinion is proper is important, if we limit ourselves to exposing the judgment that Aristotle or Nietzsche have on the philosophy of Socrates we are not articulating a dissertation but a simple exposition of opinions of others; neither cite the teacher’s opinion is to lecture. Basing opinion means citing authors, readings, films or news that fuse your opinion and whose proposals you feel close to, you can also cite sources to criticize them in your dissertation but it is usual to quote them to support you since what is sought is that the position that you are expressing is reinforced in your argumentation. It is important that the rationale is not too pedantic, that is, do not cite dozens of sources just to quote without almost coming to mind, that greatly weighs the intelligibility of the dissertation and ends up looking like you’re not expressing your own opinion but a pastiche of opinions of others.

The foundation of the opinion is relevant but not as much as the argumentation; this is the most important element in the dissertation. To argue is to give the reasons why you have this or that opinion on the subject on which you speak. The rules of the argumentation are explicit in many manuals and notes, but, not to go into much depth, we can say that the rules of argumentation are rules naturally known by all as rational beings: draw conclusions, draw parallels, etc. When you are confronted with a topic to talk about, you should ask yourself, what is my opinion on this matter? And once you reflect and have your opinion clear you should ask yourself why I think what I think? The answer to this second question is the argumentation of the dissertation. Hope the article can help you in writing your philosophical dissertation.

Related: Effective Tips That Will Improve Your Essay Writing Skills

The post How to make a philosophical dissertation appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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Writing an essay is not something everyone is equally good at. There are many considerations when you write an essay since your task is not only to write but to write well. The fact is that many students find writing essays frustrating. Often, they seek easy ways out and reach out to online services to get the job done. Some services are reliable while the others are not. You must do a search about the service and read reviews before engaging in services, such as that of  PapersOwl here. In your time of need, you can reach out to real professional writers and have your essay skillfully written. However, if you want to try and succeed with the task yourself, we have gathered some essential steps to take to write a perfect essay.

Related: 10 Tips for writing good research paper

The topic

There are two options concerning the essay topic– either it is given, or you have to come with one on your own. If you are given a topic, all you need to figure out is whether your essay is going to be an overview or a specific analysis. With a free topic, there is much more work to do. However, you have the advantage of choosing something you are truly interested in. Your task is to either inform or persuade the reader. When you have chosen the approach, you need to think about what would make you want to read your essay and then make your starting point. This is only the first step; there are a couple more ahead.

The outline

A successful project is an organized one. That is why you need to not only organize but also prioritize your thoughts, ideas, and views. You can try to put everything on paper so that it is easier to see a certain pattern. Make sure that you have up to five ideas to dwell upon. Each idea should represent a separate section, which you are going to fill in later on.

Thesis statement

To begin with, it needs to be pointed out what a thesis statement is. A thesis statement is a part that tells your reader what the point of your essay is. The thesis statement is supposed to have two parts. The first part states the topic, and the second part states the point of the essay.

The body

The body of your essay is the part where you explain your topic. The body connects all five of your main ideas into one complete, related essay. It needs to be mentioned that every body paragraph should have the same structure. Use each of your ideas as an introductory sentence. Complete every section with supporting ideas but leave some space blank; you can fill it out with proper examples later on.

Introduction

When your thesis and body are complete, you can start the introduction. The introduction is supposed to be written in such a manner that it attracts your reader’s attention. You can use some shocking information, dialogue, a story, a quote, or a summary of your topic in your introduction.

Conclusion

The conclusion is the part where you summarize everything written before. You do not need more than five sentences, to sum up, the essay. All you need to do is to simply review everything written above.

Finishing touch

If you think that your essay is ready after you have written the conclusion, that is not entirely true. There are always some finishing touches to be added. First of all, you need to read through your essay. Make sure that your strongest points are the first and last paragraphs within the body, and all the rest is somewhere in the middle. It is essential that your paragraphs are written in a sensible order. You should also pay attention to such details as required format, spelling or punctuation mistakes, etc. When you have checked all the mentioned above points, you should reread the essay once again. Now, it is safe to say that your essay is ready.

To sum everything up, it should be said that writing an essay is not that difficult as it may seem at first glance. All you need is a proper plan and an interesting topic. If you stick to the steps described above, you will be able to come up with a successful essay in no time. However, if you are sure that writing essays is not your cup of tea – you can always seek professional help.

Related: Guidelines and steps for writing a coursework | Tips for good writing

The post Effective Tips That Will Improve Your Essay Writing Skills appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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Having enough space to store crucial possessions is a prerequisite of a happy home life yet there are no minimum space standards, building regulations, or regulations covering the planning systems for private homes. In countries like the UK, many modern day apartment complexes and other developments simply do not have enough space for people to store their items securely. Americans have it significantly better, with the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) noting that US homes today are around 1,000 square feet larger than in the early 1970s and that the living space per person has nearly doubled. The onus of making the most of this available space, however, lies on architects and interior designers alike. How are modern homes creating their own rules regarding space to enable dwellers to store their personal items?

The Creation of Storage Walls

Swedish designers Lookofsky Architecture have shown how it is possible to create space where none exists, converting walls into storage and resting areas. Think walls that jut out and contain a recessed seating area (with storage space beneath it) as well as shelves on the walls in the same monochrome hue. Pillars can also be taken advantage of through recessed shelf space. These structures work as well in living rooms as they do in kitchens and even bathrooms.

Nothing is Spare

Spare wall and staircase space can be used to create more storage in homes. Think staircases that contain storage cabinets that can be accessed from one side of the steps. Montana Mobler has come up with a magnificent shelving system that reveals a perfect marriage of artistry and functionality. Designer Juul de Bruijn is showing that even flooring can be used to store items beneath. The need for space is resulting in groundbreaking solutions that are changing our very ideas of storage spaces.

Taking it Outside

Today’s American home has an extra bedroom and bathroom compared to four decades ago; yet as The Atlantic report, gardens are getting smaller. Even smaller yards have enough space for flexible storage solutions – including storage sheds that can easily be moved from one part of the home to another. As noted by Woodtex.com, a shed built in line with a home’s style and spirit can help dwellers safely store items and reduce clutter and disorganization.

Free Standing Units

Minimalistic, free standing units can be used to fill in small gaps and free spaces – for instance, a narrow wall at the end of the hallway. Those with a penchant for stacked shapes can use storage ‘towers’ comprising various shapes and sizes of cubes or other geometric shapes. For very small spaces, a solution as simple as simply display shelves can work.

Because space planning in private homes and developments is largely at the discretion of developers or individual home dwellers, much of the responsibility of creating storage lies with both architects and designers. Storage can be incorporated into the structure of rooms – e.g. via storage walls. It can also be provided through a wise use of outdoor spaces, and seemingly ‘small’ yet useful spaces inside the home. From free-standing units to columns and recessed storage spaces, there are numerous opportunities to help reduce clutter and to enhance home life.

The post New Home Storage Trends in Developments appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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The third Child in the City International Seminar will be held in Antwerp, Belgium 20-21 May 2019. This international seminar is being organised by the Child in the City Foundation together with the great support from the city of Antwerp the event co-host and partner.  

The main theme of the seminar is: Children in the sustainable city. Within this theme, six sub-themes will be further explored:

  • Resilient public space: water and green
  • Urban planning: renewal and densification
  • Sustainable mobility
  • Placemaking and co-creation
  • Healthy public space
  • Inclusion and participation of children and youth
The seminar programme includes plenary sessions, interactive parallel sessions, roundtable discussions, poster exhibition, relevant field trips and other opportunities to share experiences with other both speakers and delegates.
 
There will be eight parallel sessions held over the two-day event, with a focus on interactive discussions. On the morning of both days, delegates will have the opportunity to attend field trips to projects and places our partner The City of Antwerp has selected.

Participants can also look forward to a cocktail reception and an optional seminar dinner to network with other delegates. In addition to the poster exhibitions, delegates will have the chance to experience how a child perceives and interacts with the urban environment as Arup and The Bernard van Leer Foundation (BvLF) have partnered to develop a virtual reality experience that allows users to ‘virtually’ halve in size and become 95cm tall, the height of a 3-year-old. 

Keynote speakers at the event are:

  • Annika Skoglund, Associate Professor at Uppsala University, Sweden and The University of Exeter, UK
  • Jens Aerts an Urban Planning Specialist who currently supports UNICEF in the development and implementation of its Global Urban Strategy. Aerts is also the author of the recent UNICEF publication ‘Shaping urbanization for children, a handbook on child-responsive urban planning’.
  • Leo Van Broeck, the Flemish Government Architect. He is a civil engineer and architect and co-founder of the Brussels architecture office Bogdan & Van Broeck. In his role as the Flemish Government Architect, he acts as an advisor to the entire Flemish Government. 
  • As well as the City of Antwerp represented by Virge Smets and Wim Seghers.

On the second and last day of the seminar there will be a panel discussion featuring Leo Van Broeck (the Flemish Government Architect), Jens Aerts (Urban planning and policy expert at UNICEF), Jinnih Beels (Alderwoman for Youth, City of Antwerp), Lia Karsten (President of the Scientific Program Committee Child in the City Foundation), Filp Smits (Director Urban planning City of Antwerp) and a special guest from Youth4Climate.

For further information please contact us (see below) or visit the seminar website. To register please click here.

The post Child in the City International Seminar 2019 appeared first on Planning Tank®.

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