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Human gene editing could be the key to advancing towards immortality. But even so, is this grounds for humans to do so? Should humans become immortal?

Human Gene editing for becoming immortal or other experimentation is not ethical as per the human perspective and safety. This is because the technology was invented to cure and treat the genetic inborn diseases which increases the lofe expectancy, not to become immortal. Gene Therapy | Medical Evolution read this article for more information.

As Humans are most intelligent and can take their decisions own they can do this. But humanity doesn't allow this. Because wvery species posses wild genome aka its original genome content. If any change occurs the species become polluted however they are beneficial for us but they are unnatural. Second thing nature restricts these unnatural things for example mules and transgenders whjch have genetic alterations they naturally become infertile so they can nkt comtinue their generation, hence naturally eliminated from the nature.
The next question is Should Humans Become Immortal?
So, its upon the human population that what is wants. However nature has their own rules and regulations to run the ecosystem and limited resources. So doing yhis humanity will face a lot.
So, you should conclude here what you got! Please comment.
I concluded that gene wditing is a good technique to eradicate the genetic diseases and improve the life expectancy of patients. However if this technology may bring immortality than human beings grow tremendously and humanity will face a lot in terms of resources. Environmental Pollution caused by human over past decades.[1]
Think, At this population level we are harming our environment at alarming rate if we will become immortal than what else we can do?

 Not for Reproduction · Answer requested by Sujatha Shankar

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Could there be non carbon based life?

Well how far studied and the scientific facts shows that life without carbon is not likely to be possible.
Why life is possible due to carbon is here:
  1. Carbon is most abundant and perfect atom to be fitted in any biomolecule.
  2. Although there are lot of similar atoms which have same valencies like Silicon, lead, Germanium, and Tin but they have larger electron cloud size than carbon due to which they do not fit in aby biomolecule perfectly as carbon exist. Even many times in a same molecule.
  3. Carbon forms toxic as well as non-toxic components in a cellular system. Since they are all madeup of Carbon so they are easily transformed but when it comes for silicon, they form toxic elements.
There are some possibilities that life without carbon is possible:
  1. Perfect replacement of carbon which act like it and have same physio and chemical properties like carbon.
  2. If not then any atom have four valencies but an replacement of oxygen atom because the atoms known either degrade or form toxic components when comes in contact with oxygen, so an alternative atom must be present if you are expecting Silicon, Germanium, or Lead.
  3. Second most thing it should be abundant biologically and form approx 90% or more than of biomass.
How far I know or the current research is depicting :- that Carbon and its derivatives are found in other planets. Methane is also found on some places which is a good indicator of life.
If any of the molecule satisfies these points then yes It is possible
All I want to conclude is that the life evolved on earth 4.5 billion years ago (records says) and through this long time only capable and molecules have bioactivity are able to form a living system. Those who are not are still harmfull for us either in small amounts or in any other way..
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Nutrients are the biological molecules or chemical compounds which are required for the growth and development of an individual or cell.  The nutrients are classified in to two categories based on the carbon content,  Organic and Inorganic nutrients. 
The nutrients which have hydrocarbons as their backbone are Organic nutrients and those who doesn't lacks hydrocarbons as backbone are inorganic nutrients. 
Do You Consider Water As Nutrient? 

Broadly, in terms of food nutrients are proteins, vitamins, minerals and  carbohydrates. These my be organic or inorganic. 

Any chemical compound is considered as nutrient when it is essential for the organism or cell or have significance in the bio-chemical pathway of the cell. 
A nutrient must have following properties: 
  • It should be bio-active and bio-available. 
  • It must contain hydrogen or carbon in its chemical structure.
  • It should be metabolized.
  • It should be required in adequate manner. 
  • Nutrients must be a source of energy or any molecule which is responsible for energy or biological factors. 
Water is required by any cell because it is universal solvent and have unique properties.  It is metabolized by body and have significance in various biological pathways.  Water does not contributes in the production of energy or any other molecules but helps in the formation and packaging of several bio-molecules. 
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Water pollution is the major problem which is being faced by every country and due to water pollution, it is not healthy to drink and doing any household activity.
Traditional Water purification techniques
  • Boiling
  • Sunlight Exposure
  • Chlorination
  • Flocculation
  • Filtration-Straining
  • Three-Pot Treatment

Equipment required- water container, intense heat (wood, gas, etc), preferably a fuel efficient stove.

Process of Boiling:
  • Water should be placed in a container and heated at the temperature of 100ËšC until boiling.
  • Water should be allowed to boil for at least 10 minutes.
  • Now, separate the boiled water in another container and its is ready to ne used.( if lead is  present in the water than there will be no effect boiling )

  • Simple and effective method of purification.
  • It will kill many waterborne bacteria through the intense heat
  • Uses local available materials.

  • Time consuming, sometimes it is difficult, and cost ineffective because of high amount of fuel used.
  • It cannot remove mud from ‘murky’ water.
  • It cannot remove or separate dissolved and suspended compounds.

Equipment required- Disposable clear plastic bottle (glass bottle should not be used as they do not let enough sunlight into the water.), bright sunlight.

Process Of Exposure in Sunlight:
  • Take the clear plastic bottle and fill it with water leaving a quarter empty.
  • Put on the top of the roof where there is a good sunlight exposure.
  • Shake the bottle for around 20 seconds before leaving to the roof.
  • We can paint one side of bottle with black (Because black consumes the sunlight).
  • The painted side should be placed underneath.

  • It kills harmful bacteria and pathogens.
  • Simple, inexpensive a convenient.
  • It is same like boiling.
  • It will not change the taste of water.

  • It will not remove mud from water.
  • Time taking as it takes around 6-12 hours waiting period.

Equipment required: household bleach, water vessels, Stirrer, clearest water possible.

Process of Chlorination
  • Firstly we have to boil water for around 5 minutes.
  • Now, add the bleach to water.
  • Stir thoroughly.
  • Let it stand for at least 30 minutes.

  • Method is easy.
  • Method of chemical purification of water.
  • Effective at killing bacteria and viruses.
  • Inexpensive.

  • It’s not effective at killing all parasites.
  • Complex compounds can be formed with organic material which over time can be hazardous to health.
  • It is good to purify water in shorter period of time and store it in a plastic container in a cool and shaded place.

Equipment required: A coagulant (Example Aluminium Sulphate), some skill/training, 2 vessels, stirrer, Filter (a cloth).

Process of coagulation and flocculation
  • Add a coagulant to water and stir rapidly.
  • Allow it to stand for some time, and continuous stir slowly to form large flocs.
  • The formed flocs clean the water by attracting pathogens and other microorganisms.
  • Remove the flocs using filtration and be careful to not re-contaminate the water.

Equipment required: Porous barrier (cost and efficiency depends upon the barrier used), clear woven fibers (cotton cloth, lines, others), Moring tree seed press cake, ceramic filter, water vessels.

Process Filtration Straining 

  • Fix the barrier on the top of the water vessel.
  • If used cloth it should be folded 4-8 times to create a thicker barrier.
  • Pour the water through the barrier into the vessels, trapping solids and particles on the top of the barrier.
  • Take care that only filtered water reaches to the bucket.

Letting water collected during the day setting overnight can be an effective way of improving the clearness of the water by reducing very musky water and is a cheap alternative to sand filtration. However you must leave it undisturbed for a sufficient period of time (at least 10 hours), at night in a sealed container is best.

“Must be used in conjunction with filtration. This is only a pre-treatment to make Filtration more effective.�

Advantages of Settling 
  • Cost effective
  • Immediate access to water
  • Filters out all particles that are no larger than the pore size in the barrier
  • Can be cleaned and reused
  • Does not alter taste of water 

Disadvantages of Settling
  • Does not guarantee removal of all particles.
  • It does not remove infectious contaminants, chemicals, pollutants.

Equipment required:  3 water vessels/pot for processing, one for collection on clear water and one for collecting dirty water, a pipe to siphon water as it disturbs sediment less than pouring, a cloth or any filter barriers.

Three Pot Technique

Process of Three pot treatment: 
  • Pour water in the first pour (pouring it through cloth increases efficiency).
  • Let the water settle for hours – a length one day can kill of more than 50% of bacteria in the water.
  • Now, pour the water in the second pot and let it settle again.
  • Again pour the water to the third pot.
  • Drinking water is taken from the third pot only.

  • Cost effective 
  • Easy to use and maintain
  • Bacteria contamination levels decrease through settlement and over time

  • Does not guarantee complete removal of some bacteria and micro-organisms
  • Could take a few days to treat water

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Water is the basic requirement of every living organisms, and it is daily consumed. Many diseases spread through water. There are several reasons which contaminate the water, like toxic chemicals from industries, garbage,  and sewage. 

Pollution in Water                                                                   
Fresh water is the most important sources of life on the earth. Any living thing may survive without food for days however it is impossible to imagine life without water and oxygen. The ever-increasing human population enhances the demand of water for purpose like drinking, washing, performing industrial processes, irrigation crops, arranging swimming pools and others water-sports centre. Water pollution is done by the people of all over the world because of increasing demand and competition of luxuries life. Waste product from the people activities are spoiling the whole water and decreasing the amount of oxygen available in the water. When we drink the polluted water, harmful chemicals and other pollutants goes inside our body and deteriorates all the body organs functioning and puts our lives in danger. Such harmful chemicals also disturb the lives of animals and plants greatly. When plants absorb dirty water through their roots, the stop growing and die.
Such pollutants are altering the physical, chemical, thermal and biological characteristics of the water and adversely affecting the lives inside as well as outside the water.  It is the main issue affecting human lives in many ways. It is the most dangerous and worst form of pollution putting lives in danger. The water we drink daily looks very clear however contained verities of microscopic pollutants floating inn it. Our earth is covered with water almost 70% of total so a little change in it could affect lives worldwide. Water pollution is the big environmental and social issue all across the world. It has reached to the critical point now. All the pollutants are very harmful to the environment.

  • Agricultural pollution
  • River dumping
  • Marine dumping
  • Oil pollution
  • Nuclear Reactor's Hot water/ Hot water released by industries (Thermal Pollution in Water
  • Ground water contamination from pesticides causes reproductive damage within wildlife in ecosystems
  • Swimming in and drinking contaminated water causes skin rashes and health problem like cancer, reproductive problem, typhoid fever and stomach sickness in human
  • Human-produces litter of items such as plastic bag can get aquatic animals caught and killed from suffocation
  • Water pollution causes flooding due to the accumulation of the solid waste in the streams and rivers
  • Do not throw industrial, farm or other waste material o sewage into the river
  • City water should be treated properly
  • Oil spill should be prevented
  • Dead bodies should not throw in water bodies
  • Boil water before drinking

Health effects of Water Pollution 
Consumption or use of contaminated water may cause severe diseases: 
Contaminated water is unhealthy and unfit for the health, it creates gastrointestinal problems which may be severe if contaminant is virus or bacteria. Sometimes viral infections are also spread through the water e. g Ebola infection. 
Children who consume unhealthy water have poor growth and development. 

So, Always consume clean water, 
Comment what are you doing for preventing water pollution? 
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Biotechnology deals with the field of bio-sciences with technology to generate efficient and better biological assays and applications. In biotechnology living systems are introduced or modified with the high-throughput techniques to amplify the results and lowering the cost and time. 
For example, Modern breads and cheese are manufactured by using microbes which are genetically modified and targeted for specific biological pathways to give suitable or desired products. Modern biotechnology is totally different from the conventional biotechnology. In conventional biotechnology the techniques and results are very poor and very much labour intensive, but in modern biotechnology the desired ones are only harvested by using modern technology of gene transfer and gene editing.  

Recent advancements in biotechnology are helping modern technologies and sciences to deal with the social needs: 
Cure and Heal the World
There are 250+ vaccines and medicines are developed with the help of biotechnology to cure and prevent the disease. It also includes detection and its techniques to cure or diagnose any disease at early stage.
Fuel the World
Modern biotechnology has grown so far, Bio-fuels like Ethanol and Methane are produced by using yeast and other micro-organisms. The fuels produced by biotechnology are eco-friendly and said to be next generation fuels.
Production of High quality Foods
Today the available foods are having multiple qualities and have greater amount of nutrition with long lasting lifespan. This is done by using modern biotechnology. Green revolution was the first step towards the modern biotechnology which focused on high yielding crops.

Applications of Biotechnology:

In Agriculture 
Modern agriculture is totally based on the biotechnology, and biotechnology has modified and upgraded several crop species to increase the yield these include:
Tomatoes: Their shelf life is increased by introducing the hybrid RNA which slower downs the process of its peel degradation.
Sugarcane: The length of the plant is modified by making hybrids of two sugarcane species to stand for more time.
Wheat: length of the plants is lowered down by gene editing due to which their stems become strong and don’t fell down in blowing air.
Rice: The varieties are improved or can be said to be fortified in higher nutritional content.  
And many more are modified for different environmental and character needs. So far biotechnology is also used in making plants resistance from pest making pest resistance. Some other biological products and their production are facilitated by biotechnologies which are essential oils and secondary metabolites which are being used in medical and other industry.

 In Medicine 
When Biotechnology deals with medical science it becomes medical biotechnology. Role of biotechnology in the medical science speeded up the treatment and diagnosis process of the diseases. However biotechnology is still young and evolving, new efficient techniques are yet to be discovered.
Gene therapy and DNA fingerprinting began a revolution in medical sciences; DNA fingerprinting is widely used in early diagnosis of the hereditary diseases while Gene therapy corrects the genes which are defective. However Gene therapy is most costly and available for very few diseases. 
Biotechnology uses transgenic techniques to obtain several biological molecules which are used in medicines called as bio-pharmaceuticals. Transgenic animals and plants are made to obtain these desired products.     
In Environment
Modern biotechnology is dealing in to protect and restore the environment. Biotechnology contributes to pollution control and ways to reduce the pollution. Also alternatives are developed and tested regularly to for better implementation. It also focuses on reducing the environmental hazards like harmful chemicals and their extraction from environment etc. 
Today’s major problem is environmental pollution and the main causes are plastics. Biotechnology is developing the bio-plastics can be a great alternative to plastics. This bio-plastic is more eco-friendly with environment and less harmful.
Conservation of natural resources and Plants are also taken care by biotechnology. New ways and techniques are also developed by biotechnologists to save the plants and natural resources.  


In order to treat any disease it is most important to identify and diagnose the disease first. The early stage and causes of the disease are diagnosed for this several techniques are developed like ELISA- Enzyme Linked Immunosorbant Assay Which is used to diagnose HIV and other viral infections. Blotting techniques are used to diagnose various disease and hereditary disorders.

TRANGENIC ANIMALS – greatest achievement of biotechnology  

Transgenic animals are the genetically modified animals which have been introduced by the gene of interest. They are also called as GMO (Genetically modifies Organisms).  Examples: Rats, Mouse, Sheep, Goat etc.

Importance of Transgenic animals:
They are used as model organisms in the pre-clinical trials.
Used to study the effects of drugs.
Used to study and development of gene regulations.
Study of toxicology

Modern food, medical and agriculture industries completely rely on the biotechnology. It is obvious to use cheaper products than costly ones, which is done by biotechnology. Several biotechnological techniques reduced the production costs and time by using natural or modified machinery called as bio-reactors or carried out in-vivo. You can monitor your daily stuffs available in the market and reach to the conclusion. 

No doubt biotechnology has very much importance in modern science, but due to an adverse impact it has some limits: 
Through the transgene experiments, the wild gnomes are getting disappeared or you can say it as gene pollution. Alterations in one’s gene over long time causes in the deletion of wild genome. 

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Air is the outer covering and an essential part of our environment. Air provide oxygen and carbondioxide to animals and plants. Air is the only source of them, that's why we breathe.

Pollution in Air
It refers to the contamination of atmospheric air due to presence of some substance and gases which have poisonous effect. 
Day by day the fresh air of our environment is getting polluted due to mixing of biological molecules and some other harmful material. Such polluted air is causing health problems. It is most important environmental issues which requires to be notices and solved by the efforts of all of us. It is the most serious problem of the current time all over the world mostly in the large cities because of the huge level of industrialisation. The release of such air pollutants in heavy concentrations such as smog, solid materials, harmful gases, particles, paint, batteries contain lead, cigarettes release carbon monoxide, transport means releases carbon dioxide and other toxic substances to the atmosphere etc are getting settled over the city, causing air pollution and health hazards to the people. It is continuously damaging the whole ecological system and affecting the lives of plants and animal as well. Lots of dirty waste produced by people on daily basis especially in the big cities polluting the whole atmospheric air to a great extent. The release of gaseous pollutants from burning fuel of motors vehicles, industrial processes, burning of garbage, etc are contributing to the air pollution. Some natural pollutants like pollen, dust, soil particles, natural gas, etc are also the sources of air pollution. They are also called air pollutants.
  • Mobile sources- such as car, trucks, trains, and buses
  • Stationary sources- such as power plant, oil refineries, industrial facilities, and factories
  • Area sources- such as agricultural areas, cities, and wood burning fireplaces

  • Acid rain
  • Ozone layer depletion
  • Green house effect and global warming

  • Avoid smoking indoors
  • Use craft supplies in well-ventilated areas
  • Make sure gas stove is well ventilated
  • Remove carpeting if possible
  • Filters must be used in chimneys of industries

Health Effects of Air pollution 
Every living species requires oxygen except plants they require Carbondioxide for their metabolism and other body requirements. If along with oxygen other particles and molecules enter in body have adverse effects on health:-
  • Alveolar Damage/Shrinkage
  • Metabolic disability 
  • Toxcity in body
  • Asthma 
  • Head ache
  • Poor growth 
  • Low life span
  • Heart Problems 

Health effects of Air Pollution 

So, what do you think about what are some other ways to prevent air pollution and our earth. comment..!!.. ............... 
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With rapid increase in population, the levels of pollution and their sources also increased alarmingly. WHO states that India's pollution rate is very much high in past decades, this is due to over use of pollutants knowing it effects.
Which pollution is most affecting India?
All the pollution Air, Water,  and Land are interconnected to each other in a disciplinary way that one have impact on others. 
But based on the situations Air pollution is the leading cause of the several Health problems in India. This is due to Rapid increase in the industries, who do not follow GMP (Good manufacturing Practices). After Industries the vehicles and refrigerators responsible for air pollution.
The major pollutants are released by these two components. 
Scenario of Pollution in Major Indian Cities
Top Polluted Cities In India of 2018 
So in which city you are and How much it is polluted....... Rank your city based on Air quality....! 
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Following data can be used to make diet plan be sure about your daily calorie uptake based on your requirements, the following table is made at 2300 Kcal per average person.  
To Know More about Vitamins click here
Follow ICMR guidlines if you have any deficiency. Click here to know disease caused by vitamins deficiency.
To know more about FSSAI and ICMR Click here


PER 100Kcal

PER 2300 kcal




35 mcg

805 mcg



1.38 mg



1.84 mg



20.7 mg



3.45 mg



1.84 mg



17.25 mcg


10 mcg

230 mcg


0.07 mcg

1.6 mcg


2.25 mcg

21.75 mcg


0.5 mcg

11.5 mcg


0.5g of polyunsaturated fatty acids expressed as linoleic acid but in no case less than 0.1mg per 100available Kcal

2.3 mg



80.5 mcg




690 mg



690 mg



1840 mg



805 mg



690 mg



172.5 mg



11.5 mg



11.5 mg



1380 mcg



149.5 mcg



57.5 mcg



1.15 mg



28.75 mcg



80.5 mcg

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  Amino acids are the building blocks of protein as well as of the body. Some of the amino acids which are the derivatives of the essential amino acids are very useful for growth and development however human body can synthesize them but during stress of poor metabolic activities they may be externally supplemented. Here are few of them described:                                                 

L-Glutamine is an amino acid. Generally it is synthesized in the body in a limited amount. During stress the requirement of glutamine is increased by the body. Glutamine is found in muscles. The mineral salts are also added to compensate the loss of ions during the metabolic activity.
The amino acid is synthesized in the body in the form of glutamic acid but in limited amount during stress. The dietary source of glutamine is beef and chicken. Thus it become hard for vegans to meet their requirement. In that case glutamine is externally supplemented in the body.


  • Build immunity
  • Gut function
  • Helps to counteract oxidative stress
  • Growth and development of muscles 

L-Arginine is an amino acid require
d for the growth and development of the body. In the body, the amino acid arginine changes into nitric oxide (NO). Nitric oxide is a powerful neurotransmitter that helps blood vessels relax and also improves circulation. L-arginine also stimulates the release of growth hormone, insulin, and other substances in the body.
Availability of arginine
Lacks of arginine are uncommon. It's rich in a wide range of kinds of nourishments, and your body can likewise make it. Arginine-rich foods incorporate red meat, angle, poultry, wheat germ, grains, nuts and seeds, and dairy items. In any case, what does arginine improve the situation the heart, and are there potential symptoms.

Benefits of arginine 

  • Improve cardiovascular system
  • Neurotransmitter
  • Growth hormones
  • Muscle development
It is an aminoacid found in muscles. This is required for the production of energy by using fats as fuels.  It decreases the cholesterol levels.

It is synthesized in the body but their dietary source is meat and poultry products, tgus for vegans it may be supplemented externally.

  • Healthy muscles 
  • Lowers cholesterol and fat level 
  • Healthy cardiovascular system 

It is an aminoacid gound in the tissues and in the blood in small amounts. The function of this aminoacid is unique because It prevents the deposition of extra minerals in the body. Its highly acidic nature prevent kidney disorders.  It removes and decomposes the extra calcium and other minerals qhich may form stones in the kidney.

Taurin is rarely synthesized in the body specially when you are consuming protein powders. How ever it is readly available in meat and poultry products.

  • Required for kidney health
  • Metabolism

The above mentioned aminoacids are very essential for human consumption specially in deficiency.  Taurin and Carnitine are used in the protein powders specially to pevent the formation of kidney stones.  Because if the externally supplemented minerals are not consumed by the body then they start to forming a clump later resulting in stones. However these amino acids are synthesized by the body but during stress( Metabolic Stress)  it becomes difficult for the body to make. Metabolic stress is the condition in which the metabolic rate is decreased below the requirement level of the body.

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