A guide for quality assurance and quality control professionals. - Quality assurance and quality control in construction is a guide for quality engineer and civil engineer. This is an online website that teaches how to assure and control the work in construction and the materials as well.
Do you know that the Burj Khalifa with 163 floors is the tallest high-rise structure in the world?” Also known as high-rise, and in contrast to a low-rise building, a high-rise building is a very tall building higher than 21 meters (21 to 29 floor) that can either be used for offices, apartments or a combination of both. The rise of the high rise was made possible due to the advent of elevators and quality building materials such as rebars and cement. Actually, the combination of these two (cement and rod) in construction is called “reinforced cement concrete” (RCC) or reinforced concrete (RC)
It consists of a flat horizontal surface called beams, vertical members known as columns and flat planes known as slabs which is the floor we step upon. Reinforced concrete ground floor slab resting directly on the subsoil or foundation is known as ground-bearing slab while the other slabs found in the building are called suspended slabs. The advantages reinforced concrete ground floor slabs provide to any building include; resistance against internal tensile forces, thermal comfort, durability, design, etc. Reinforced concrete slabs in no small way also adds to the strength of a building and therefore indispensable to the building of a high-rise. It can either be built on site or prefabricated. The major steps towards building a reinforced concrete ground floor slab are:
Steps To building A Reinforced Concrete Ground Floor Slab of a High-Rise Building.
1. Getting the Building Permit:
Well, a structure such as high rise is not possible without a building permit. This is to ensure that safety is guaranteed, contracts are handled as should be by the contractor and that the intended building conforms to standard or building code. To obtain one, the building plan and permit application, and a permit fee are required for review.
Actual construction starts with the testing of the site by a soil scientist to determine how deep the foundation should go in. After this, excavation which involves moving earth, rocks or other material out of the site is done. It is carried out in order to create a building foundation. Excavation is also done to remove unwanted elements from the site. You should make sure that the method statement for the excavation is approved before work commences.
3. Completing the concrete columns below ground level:
After excavating the ground and making foundations, reinforced concrete columns, retaining walls, and shearwalls are erected which will act as a carrying channel for the structures above. The MEP works should be also considered during the construction of the columns underneath the ground floor. It may even better if you read the procedure on how to cast a concrete column.
4. Installation of Forms of Slab:
Slab forms consist of horizontal load-bearing structure which supports the form-lining and transfers the forces into the shoring. Slab form can be in the form of a wooden structure or a pre-constructed metal that are joined or connected together to highlight places and depth a slab should be. The form also explains the type of joint that is to be used (either construction or contraction).
The formwork engineers have the duty to inspect and make sure that all formworks are credible and good before pouring in the concrete.
5. Steel Reinforcement Installation on the slab and beams:
After the forms have been installed, laying of the reinforced slabs commences. Installation of steel beams, drop beams and extra bars are also done in this stage in a bid to provide support and strength to the building.
6. MEP Service Installations:
Mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) works start from the ground slab. MEP consists of three technical work departments that must work together for the success of a project. It includes installation of electrical appliances, piping, etc. all geared towards making the building interior and exterior suitable for habitation.
7. Inspection with the Engineer/Consultant:
After the laying of steel reinforcement and MEP rough-ins, there would be an inspection by the engineer or a consultant to examine and confirm if the layouts are good and can carry the load that will be given it. The inspection will also extend to slab forms to ensure that they can hold the concrete when poured.
8. Inspection with the Municipality Engineer:
The municipality apart from issuing permit also inspects the project to see if it conforms to the standard and to ascertain if the project is going as specified in the filed building permit. As a civil engineer, the municipal engineer also checks for technical issues, operation and political interference in the project
9. Pouring Concrete:
If everything is deemed fit after a series of inspections, the concrete is poured on top of the rods in the slab forms that have already been laid out. Usually, machines like cement mixers and dispensers are used to mix and pour the concrete to form a slab. You should make sure that concrete vibrators are available during concrete pouring.
10. Curing the slab:
Curing a concrete help delay drying shrinkage until the concrete is strong enough to resist shrinkage cracking. It also helps the slab retain moisture so as to make the concrete gain more strength. This is the key to achieving the design strength, durability, water tightness and wear resistance. In fact, all the desirable properties of concrete are improved by proper curing.
The minimum size of a reinforced concrete slab is restricted to 4 times the nominal size of aggregate. Furthermore, the thickness of a slab is affected by the location of the project, the type, and span of the slab. The reinforced concrete ground floor slab is indispensable to erecting any building not only because of the strength it adds to the building but also because of durability and design. An improper slab will lead to wreckage and havoc on the safety of humans. Slabs help in the resistance of loads like dead loads, live loads, dynamic loads, wind and earthquake load by transferring the forces to the ground/soil.
Nothing beats a prepared interviewee. After a couple of years working for the construction industry, these interview questions where recurring almost every time I apply for a Quality Inspector position. This guide should make you at least feel a little less nervous while waiting for your name to be called.
I tried to recall the interview questions during my entry-level years. Most of the questions where about myself. I believe this is a way for interviewers to know your personality and if you are the perfect fit for the role, as interviewers are obliged to find people inclined with their company’s work culture and ethics. Prepare yourself for questions that will make the interviewers have a sense of your personality and character.
1. Tell me about yourself. What are your weaknesses and strengths?
“I graduated at (state your school). I am (state your age) and I love (your hobby). I tend to be impatient but according to the books I’ve read, being impatient is one of the qualities of a leader. I like to lead to people”.
2. What is your life’s greatest achievement?
“I lead a pioneering research thesis in college. That study was used as baseline data for a lot of proceeding researches, I find it satisfying because people are using my study as a reference”.
3. What is the most challenging/ difficult experience during your college days? How did you cope with it?
“There was once I was struggling to pass a subject, only to find out my friends were struggling too. We did a group study for a few days. Eventually, we passed the subject and rewarded ourselves with a quick getaway to the beach”.
4. How do you manage stress?
“When I am stressed, I tend to be (say what you feel when you are stressed). So, to cope it up. I do what normal people do. Hangout with my chosen friends who I can talk to, maybe grab some drinks, talk about it. What’s nice about my friends is that they are really competent in our chosen field, we tend to make each other be the best version of ourselves”.
5. Where do you see yourself 5 years, 10 years from now?
“I see myself a manager. I may be a manager here or a manager in my own construction firm”.
6. Sometimes, work may exceed the normal working hours. Are you willing to do overtime?
“I am currently in a stage where I really want to learn. My mentors say I can only learn in actual site setting solving on-site problems, so, yes. I am willing to work overtime”.
7. Why should we hire you? What can you contribute to the company?
“Because I am healthy and able. Aside from my credentials, I find this company’s culture and ethics perfect for my character. Judging my own personality, I am a good team player with a desire to lead someday. I will thrive to be an asset for you”.
8. We have a candidate with the same qualifications as yours. Why do you think you are perfect for this position?
“Because I am really looking forward to be a part of this team. I find your company’s (state the company vision or a recent outreach program) fulfilling. It is rare to find a company nowadays who are doing what you are doing”.
Be as creative as you can when answering these questions. Say positive things about yourself. When you state your weaknesses, immediately follow it with what are the things you are doing to cope it. Keys to answering these questions is to find a time during your school days that you are most proud of.
Like getting an A on a presentation even when you lack sleep because you prepared for an exam. Should there be a question regarding your future aspirations and dreams, say what you really want. Be it opening your own business because you do not want to be an employee forever. Interviewers tend to be attracted by a person full of dreams.
There will come a time where you will job hop as statistics show that your first company is not where you will be happy.
Most interviewers will ask queries on reasons why you left your previous work. Be it conflict, compensation is too low, or the workload is overwhelming, they will be very eager to know the real reason.
Some of them would even ask for a reference person in your preceding workplace to ask questions about you. If you are not an entry level anymore, expect for any of these questions to arise during your interview.
9. Describe a time where you could say you have helped your previous company.
“What I like about my previous company is that they are open to new ideas. I once created a guide to properly punch list an area. I heard they are using my technique now making the site inspection faster than the traditional way.”
10. Describe your previous managers/subordinates.
“My manager tends to be skeptic asking too many questions. But according to him, it is his way to make young engineers like me act on my own and be independent. What I like about him is that he is approachable and he answers my concerns without holding back. I have learned a lot from him.”
11. Why did you leave your previous job?
“My previous jobs served me well but I am young. I find the work routinary and I have almost memorized my day. I want to expand my horizon, learn more and earn more.”
12. Tell me about the nature of your previous work. Do you have any idea about the role you are applying for?
“My previous work is (say the nature of your previous work). Yes, I thoroughly checked your job description and it says (do some research and state it here).”
13. Tell me about an experience with a difficult contractor/client/teamwork. How did you handle the experience?
“There were once my manager’s words heat up because of construction delays. I believe that’s normal in the construction industry. So, I extended my working hours for a few days, tapped key persons I work with, and eventually we were able to catch up.”
If you are an engineer with experience, expect for a different set of questions. The key to answering questions like this is to state positive about your previous company (if you can, say very little to no negative aspect at all) and focus on stating things like self-development or searching for a greener pasture. In addition, be honest on answering these questions as interviewers may ask or call your previous HR on why you left. You can consider these 10 Best Job Interview Strategies for Engineers, you’re more likely to win the interview if you follow.
Since you are applying for a technical position, expect for a technical question. Quality Inspection Engineers need to be skilled and knowledgeable about their roles. The interviewer would likely want to gauge your skills by asking simple on-site questions.
14. What are the most common ways of curing concrete?
“Most common way is by spraying, sometimes we do ponding on suspended slabs or using damp sand. We also use damped burlap for columns.”
15. What is the minimum spacing used between formworks and reinforcing steel bars for suspended slabs? For earth exposed structures like retaining walls?
“Minimum spacing between formwork and rebar is 10 cm. For earth exposed structure, the minimum spacing is 75 cm.”
16. Are you inclined to any engineering software?
“Yes, I know about (state what are the engineering software you use and how did you learn them).”
17. Do you know how to do a concrete slump test?
“Yes. First is to get a fresh sample on the concrete mixer, put it on the cone in approximately three layers, blowing each layer 25 times using a rod. You take out the cone and place it near the sample. You then measure the topmost of the sample with reference to the cone height. That is your slump.”
18. Do you have a certain checklist to follow while doing your quality inspection? Can you state an example of that checklist?
“Our company has a certain checklist to follow during the inspection. Like, during the checking of rebars, the ties should be complete, the diameter bars used must be as planned, the alignment of formworks must be straight and elevations must be correct.”
I believe questions like this is already answerable by you if you have been working as an engineer for quite some time. Anyhow, your future self would thank yourself if you do a little bit of research. It pays when you do simple googling. Should there be questions you do not know the answer at all, honestly say that you have never encountered such concerns but would love to do be learn about it.
Brace yourself for a salary negotiation question. The interviewer might want to know about your previous salary and the benefits offered by your past company, or if your expected salary is on the range of their budget for the role.
19. How much is your expected monthly compensation?
Your expected salary can be based on your previous salary. You can try to double your salary proposal. If you are a new graduate and you don’t have experience yet, try base that on the local wages. Just answer this question as to what is your current situation on your career.
20. What are other benefits given by your previous employer?
“They provided me health insurance, one-month paid vacations every year, bonus every 6 months, FREE return plane ticket.”
Be honest with your answers.
Now, these questions are a bit personal and cannot find proper words to answer this. Think of your future plans and where you want to be. Only you can properly answer this. Anyhow, if you are asked questions like this, you may see yourself ahead of your competition because your prospect employer is now negotiating your salary. Now, this question may be tricky because some interviewer will instantly disregard you if you are excessively pricey. Stay positive and do a little bit of negotiation.
These interview questions should help every quality inspector engineer aspirants be a step ahead. Prepare yourself. Deliver your answers with confidence but not arrogant. Wear formal attire. Come on time. Sit properly. Brush your teeth and take your breakfast. Win the interviewer by showing a character that is very eager to learn. Do some research about the company you are eyeing at. Check their missions and visions online if it is inclined with yours and may the odds be on your favor. Happy job hunting!
Did you experience the above interview questions? If yes, please comment below. If no, please share your thoughts.
Building an edifice that will last long is the aim of any construction engineer. Clients can spend as much as they have to be able to have a completed project that can withstand the test of time. For almost a century now, the building of concrete structures has focused on the use of steel coupler to reinforce and transfer tension and shear force.
This is mostly due to its ability to withstand pressure while been durable and also for its ability to provide load path continuity independent of the condition or existence of surrounding concrete. It also has the advantage of putting to extinction time-consuming factors especially those that will arise as a result of compliance with current construction codes like ACI and other codes.
A steel coupler is used to couple or joins two pieces of steel together in the building. When long lengths of steel bars are needed in building a column or when the need of joining additional reinforcement to existing bars arises, the general practice is to ‘lap’ (tying of bars together next to each other). This practice although old, is not advisable because it doesn’t withstand the weight load properly and hazards may arise if not properly fixed. The best alternative to this is the use of steel coupler that provides a direct connection between ends of steel bars.
Steel coupler consists of a sleeve that is threaded into which the bars to be joined can be screwed into. The coupler is built as screw connection reinforcement on a framework of working joints in concrete. With the combination of reinforced concrete components and maximum force transmission, static and dynamic loading is achieved. Steel coupler system offers a method of connecting steels even as large as 12 mm, in a simple fast and cheap way.
Lap splicing which is a mechanical means of joining steel that requires the overlapping of two parallel bars, can easily fail during impact with load condition. To avoid this, steel coupler is provided in concrete. This will among other things increase the structural performance, achieve continuity of load path and even reduce the amount of steel reinforcement that will be used in construction.
Apart from the above, steel coupler offers the following advantages;
• It offers reliable protection of socket rods with some possessing thread protection cap
• It also offers maximum force transmission in the working joint
• It enhances construction speed by replacing the slow and tedious conventional method of planting starter bars
• It reduces steel frame congestion problem.
• It makes the control of concrete crack propagation possible
• It leads to the reduction of labor and therefore the overall cost of the structure.
• There is also the possibility of joining bars of any diameter and length just as mentioned above.
• It is economical for large steel bar diameters in column construction.
• Last but not least is the aesthetics dimension steel coupler adds to a column.
Types of steel couplers
There are various types of couplers that can be used in the construction of columns, with some designed to carry both compression and tension, while others are designed to either work with compression or tension. The most common types of couplers for construction are as follows:
1. Parallel threads coupler
Coupler with parallel thread is another type of coupler that what we used in constructing a column. Here, threads are forged or rolled on the bar so that the diameter of the part threaded is equal or above but not less than the main bar. The load capacity is reduced by this and the threaded ends are screwed into the coupler.
The reason we used the coupler is to avoid the congestions inside the column when it closed with the shutter or form. The biggest size of the aggregate in the concrete should pass through in between the two vertical bars. When the vertical bar diameter gets bigger the higher the chance the congestions may observe inside the column.
2. Shear bolts coupler
The shear bolt coupler consists of a cylindrical steel coupler with a line of ‘lock shear’ bolt along its length. It does not require the bars to be threaded because of the lock shear. With the two bars to be joined placed in a coupler, the bolts are tightened making the bars to lap against hardened steel griping or locking strip until a moment of force (torque) is reached.
3. Wedge locking sleeves
As earlier stated, there are couplers that can be used for either compression or tension only. Wedge locking sleeves are used only in connecting bars in compression. It is used as follows; with the bars to be joined and held in the concentric bearing by the lateral clamping action of a sleeve and wedge. The wedge compresses the sleeves laterally clamping the bars together when driving inside. It is worthy to note that the bar faces are accurately cut and aligned before finally assembling them.
This is achieved by slipping a seamless malleable steel sleeve over the adjoining ends of the two reinforcing bars. The sleeve is subsequently deformed or swaged onto the ends of the bar with the aid of hydraulic, which compresses the sleeve over the bar, and therefore gripping the ribs. Photo by m.made-in-china.com
Columns or pillars are rigid upright structural member that is designed mainly to support axial compressive loads emanating from beams and slabs and subsequently transfer it to ground through the footing, with the footing finally transferring it to the soil. Just as the bone in the human body gives strength while also transferring weight to all parts of the body, so also a column does in a building. Therefore, having a strong column is a prerequisite for the whole load transfer mechanism in a structure and without it, the structure doesn’t exist.
Columns need rods to be firmly rooted, and most of these rods can be as long as 12 meters. In many cases, there is a need for them to be joined together. The most effective and reliable ways of doing this is with the use of couplers. Couplers provide an easy and fast way of joining rods together while also maintain the aesthetics of the structure. Couplers are cheap and can be installed quickly and easily on site without the need for specially trained personnel or a specialized, expensive machine. Couplers due to its compactness ensure stability and can be used in any situation even in a confined one where space is lacking.
One can therefore conclusively state that couplers are very essential for a strong column and can never be relegated as long as good column construction is involved. It has the added advantage of been reliable and durable in all condition. This is part of the beauty that it adds to any construction.
What type of coupler did you use in the construction of your concrete column? Please share your thoughts in the comment box below.
Construction specification can be said to be a detailed description of design criteria for a piece of work. Furthermore, in its entirety, is a comprehensive description of an aim or objective for a development project. It contains all the goal, details and fundamental functionality required by a developmental team to fulfill the aspirations of a given client. Even as the world of construction evolve, and adapt to the challenges of digitalization, specifications remains an integral part of any construction process because, for one, it describes in words what can’t be seeing or explained on a drawing.
Construction specification, therefore, is important as long as construction is concerned; it is also applicable to other industries like the automobile and manufacturing industries. Specifications are needed right from the design stage until a project is fulfilled. It can even serve as part of contract documentation.
As the yardstick against which project is measured, specifications can help in building a huge project since it covers everything from the quality of the systems and products, applicable standards and its execution, performance criteria of an asset, the contract type to be used and products to be used. To a great extent, it even covers the establishment of the site. Through specifications, the procurement route which depends on the project requirements can be determined, be it performance-based or prescriptive-base.
A well outlined, clear and concise construction specification which contains all necessary information can save a lot of time and money for the project team, the client and the contractor since it will provide detailed answers to many on-site construction questions. Irrespective of its simplistic nature, the importance of specifications in huge project execution cannot be over-emphasized. Over and above all, it offers among other things the following gain:
1. It supports the interpretation of the clients’ needs and gives the client assurance that the commissioned asset is being delivered.
2. Manufactures products and material can easily be clearly defined and documented. Furthermore, installations, testing, and handover requirements can be identified well.
3. A good construction or projection specification provides clear instructions on the purpose, performance, and execution of a given project, and can also reference the standard, and quality to be applied
4. Classifications included in the construction or project specification can be used to succor and help the running and handover of assets.
5. The specification can be used to support the costing of any project. This doesn’t only include the products and materials but also the performance and the workmanship.
6. The construction or project specification along with the drawings forms part of the contractual documents and therefore can help checkmate project risk. It also provides support if any legal disputes should arise.
7. It is essential both in the construction phase and is also used as part of the soft landing process, subsequent asset management, and the lifecycle plan.
8. The model or the drawing does not necessarily need to be overloaded with elaborate information, which most times, can be difficult to identify.
9. There is the presence of option for a design team in a construction spec to execute a project completely, which would improve efficiency while providing quality assurance and consistency in the project.
10. Specification for any project should be used by the team of project experts throughout the construction phase. Furthermore, since it is a living document, its use should not be discontinued at the design phase.
11. Construction specification can also be used for the project audit trail. It should also form part of the handover documents. In this way, it will form the basis for the running of the asset by the management team.
From the following advantages offered by construction specification, building a huge project won’t be attainable without it. It shouldn’t be underestimated since it offers a simple but detailed and complete functionality and description of any project. It is important in all spheres of life but plays a huge role in construction. The gains gotten from construction specifications are huge and instantaneous. For instance, when quoting prices for a project, a professional developmental team will take into account all the risk that may arise since anything ambiguous will raise the price; but a simple and concise project spec can nip this from the bud.
Construction specification being a comprehensive description of the objectives for a development project contains all goals, functionality, and details required for a development team to fulfill the vision of the client. Since all clients will like to know what they are paying for before commissioning a huge project, offering him the specifications of that project will go a long way in proving that the developmental team knows what they are doing. Project specs should not only be limited to huge projects but be extended to any project at all for a greater success rate.
Do you follow your specification on your project? What are the specifications you used on your project? Please share your thoughts and suggestion in the comment box below.
Concrete Floor Slab is a structural element that comes in many forms. The most common ones are the slab-on-grade and suspended slab. Slab on grade or commonly called S.O.G is a concrete slab on top of thoroughly compacted earth materials.
Suspended slabs, on the other hand, are elevated slabs that form the stories on each building and roof decks. Proper elevations and leveling must be done on casting concrete slabs. Thus, settlement due to self-weight loads and other external force induced by the structure must be considered before the actual casting of the slabs, especially for suspended slabs.
1. How would you prepare estimate steel bar to deliver on site?
Preparing an estimate to deliver on-site has to be strategized depending on the need on-site. Project engineers base the estimate to deliver on a list pre-arranged by the quantity surveyors. Some project engineers prefer to have their respective site engineers check the estimates of the quantity surveyors and compare it to the actual number of steel bars needed on-site. Most of the time, the data given by the site engineers prevail and is used by the procurement team on procuring the total number of steel bars.
Furthermore, project engineers consider adding at least 10% of the actual estimates as a wastage factor.
Additionally, delivery of needed materials to site plays an important role to attain the timeline set for any construction projects. Materials on-site has to be on a manageable number. Work force’s productivity correlated with this. Once the project engineer sees that productivity is increasing, he or she has to anticipate that the steel bars’ supply would not run low by ensuring enough number of steel bars.
As a practice on site, project engineers and managers have several steel bar suppliers contacts should one supplier run low, he or she has the second supplier to approach to.
Having too much steel bars on-site is not also healthy. Too many materials would mean little space on site making the site crowded. Thus, little space to maneuver dump trucks or other heavy equipment vehicle causing poor day-to-day productivity.
2. How would you prepare a steel bar cutting list?
The Designer with respect to their plan initially prepares a cutting list for steel bars. The Quantity Surveyor then presumes lengths to create bill of quantity needed for monetary proposals. Normally, Quantity Surveyors or estimators has set of lengths including the number of total lengths prepared. It is the call of the on-site engineers on which he or she will use or should he created his own cutting list.
Cutting list is needed so steel men will be able to properly bend steel intended to prepare all the steel bars ready for installation. Cutting list is a guide of all the cut steel bars with respective degree of angle the bars will be bent with corresponding lengths, so with the number of stirrups or ties a column, say, has.
To prepare a cutting list, on-site engineers need the approved construction plan. For concrete floor slabs, here are the step-by-step guide to prepare a cutting list.
• Start with the bottom bars. Check all the bars lengths be it transverse bars or longitudinal bars that is used on the slab and write it all down. Create a diagram representation on each bar lengths or cut including the lengths of the bends or hooks.
• Proceed with the top bars. Do the same as instructed on the bottom bars.
• Check the plan should there be any additional bars for dowels in preparation for masonry walls.
3. How would you ensure the quality of installation of steel bars?
The actual installation of the steel bars is not the only thing engineers have to inspect to ensure its quality, but also the bars’ grade. Quality assurance engineers are the ones responsible to make sure that prior to the reinforcing steel bars installation, the grade required as per design is the one installed on site.
A quality engineer shall make sure that steel bars are laid as per approved shop drawing, the dimensions and spacings are the most important including sizes of the bars.
4. What is the good way to attain quality of works for formworks or shuttering, steel bar reinforcement and concrete pouring?
Prior to any concrete pouring, it is relevant that the engineer has thoroughly checked and approved the grades, lines, diameter of bars and spacing, including dimensions as shown on the plan.
Normally, the formwork engineer checks the credibility of the formwork used as per formwork and shoring installation plan. He or she ensures that the formworks and its accessories are all in good working conditions to prevent any structural failure. Formworks, especially for concrete slab, has to be free from any laitance. Any uncleaned formwork would cause bulging or cavities on the output which would be unpleasant aesthetically.
The concrete to be used must be as per approved mix design. You should not merely use concrete that has not undergone trial mixes or tested from the previously completed project. When pouring you shall make sure that concrete vibrators are fully operational and with sufficient numbers.
5. How would you clean rust of steel?
On cleaning rust of steel, engineers should be able to know the proper ways of doing it, including the ways of preventing the bars from forming so.
Preventing rust from forming in the steel bars may be done by not overbuying steel bars. Reinforcing bars are best with their respective manufacturers, as manufacturers know how to properly store them.
Nevertheless, when situations call it, certain ways should be followed. First, wear personal protective gears like thick gloves, facemask, and eyeglass to keep you safe from shards. Use appropriate steel brush and scrub it all over until cleaned. Some use air blower to keep the dust blemishes away and then apply rust remover. After that, rust should then be removed when wiped with rugs or towels.
As a conclusion, concreting floor slabs must be done carefully and in its proper engineering way. From the actual designing to the delivery of materials and the number of materials on site. All shoring and formworks must be in its utmost functional conditions as settlement may occur during concrete casting. Stripping of formworks must commence once the designed strength of the slab has been attained and should stay to be anchored until 28 days. Precautions like these must be followed to prevent engineers from committing costly future mistakes.
Do you have more questions about concrete floor slab? Don’t hesitate to write your questions in the comment box below.
We are all aware of the exponential growth of buildings both residential and commercial construction in Dubai and throughout the Emirates. However, growth on this scale has not been without a steep learning curve that has forged Dubai into one of the leading and strictest countries for construction regulations. The two major municipality inspections are regularly exercised in Dubai in every newly completed building.
For a quality engineer working in this environment, you will have honed your skills with continuous documentation checks and keeping updated with amendments. You will have learned to deal with relentless inspections and contractors and direct company employees adhere to reports, ensuring conformity to building codes and specifications.
In your role as a quality engineer, it is often your duty to ensure the completion certificates are issued on time without problems. With so many regulations to deal with this can be a daunting task for the less experienced quality engineer.
For the experienced quality engineer the culmination of the construction project leading to the issuance of the completion certificate is a busy time for the team, and one with potential consequences if delays occur.
In this short document, I will give you the heads up on two critical requirements before the certificate of completion is issued.
Civil Defence Inspection
When you have submitted your request for the project completion certificate your project should be substantially complete, if not fully complete. However, the inspector will issue the completion certificate if he can see the project is well advanced and a completion deadline is imminent.
The reason the Civil Defence can issue a completion certificate before actual project completion is that Civil Defence is concerned with electrical schematic sign off and fire suppression systems. Both of these projects areas fall under MEP (mechanical-electrical and plumbing) which will have been completed long before the whole project is completed.
Nevertheless, you will need to have copies of the original building permit, NOC (Non-objection Certificate) from utility companies and the power supplier.
COC (Certificate of Conformity) for all electrical elements of the project, most of all the fire alarm system and the fire suppression system should any of the original drawings have been amended before completion you will need to produce the sign-offs for the amendments.
The quality engineer should be fully prepared for the inspection and have at hand any certificate requested by the inspector. Be prepared and be knowledgeable about the project. Do not tell the inspector what you think he wants you to tell him, evidence and compliance is the key to the certification being issued.
Here are some examples comments of the Dubai Civil Defence, these comments should assist you with your final checks.
• All fire dampers should be set in an open position to allow normal airflow.
• The building and working areas should have adequate illumination; check light fittings are clean and functioning providing
• Clean all fire sprinklers make sure they are free from constriction debris, paint and any obstruction that would impede water flow.
• Fire Alarms systems should be mounted in false ceilings and walls and be functional.
• Re-check extraction fans and air makeup fans, check correct airflow to specifications.
• All security and exit doors should be installed prior to inspection.
• No storage should be located in any stall areas and should be removed.
sufficient light for the designated area.
• All exits located in basements areas should be illuminated, directional illuminated arrows should be placed in strategic locations that can be easily seen by anyone on foot.
How does Dubai Municipality affect the work of an engineer who managed the project and what does the municipality do and is responsible for?
Municipalities wherever in the world have the responsibility for the citizens and services within their jurisdiction. Dubai municipality is no different, and everything that happens in Dubai is directly connected to this important government unit.
In essence, the Dubai municipality touches the working life of a concerned engineer because the Municipality is responsible for all business services such as permits and compliance information. Running in parallel to the business services department is the government services department, which ensures the common thread of permits and certification are represented in unity throughout the Emirates.
It is worth noting that the Dubai building codes are well established and codified, this means the building regulations are law and cannot be deviated from or altered by the construction company or its contractors.
In the past couple of years, the process for certification in Dubai has been simplified to be friendlier to the architects and construction companies.
However, as with most governments, continual improvements and changes should be expected and it is incumbent on the quality engineer to keep himself appraised of any changes required for compliance and more importantly the final goal of completion certification.
If you are not aware of this already, I want you to get up to speed with SIRA (Security Industry Regulatory Agency).
Buildings in Dubai will be denied permits and completion certificates unless they comply with SIRA requirements. This can only be done by engaging a competent consultant, who will guide the construction company and its architects and engineers through the requirements to comply with SIRA.
For the quality engineer, the Dubai Municipality may be your first port of call when you require completion certification for your construction project.
Unlike Dubai Civil Defence Inspection, the municipality inspector will want more information and correlation to the original construction permit/planning permissions and his focus will be on the compliance of the fabric of the building’s construction in line with the approvals granted from the government prior to construction.
Also unlike the Dubai Civil Defense, the construction will need to be complete, before a certificate of completion will be issued. This includes the removal of office and storage buildings. Minor exterior building works such as finishing landscaping and terracing if applicable will be acceptable to the inspector if not quite complete.
You will need to produce documents like COC (Certificates of Conformity) NOC (Non-Objection Certificates) Planning permission, Dubai Civil Defense sign off documentation and SIRA compliance and all other documents associated with the construction project.
For the quality engineer, issuance of the completion certificate is the goal you have been working towards for the whole time the construction project has been in place. The culmination of all of your effort and expertise should not fall at the last hurdle because you are not prepared.
Be prepared for Dubai Civil Defense as your first sign off and then Dubai municipality inspector for the final issuance of completion certification.
The fines in huge amounts will be imposed upon which will be included in the new UAE fire code. Avoid these fines by securing all necessary documents and of course, the building should comply with the civil defence requirements.
Like most things, we do in our working life we need to be prepared and part of being prepared is being educated in local laws and compliance.
I understand that we can be overwhelmed with work demands at times but the successful quality engineer is prepared for any eventuality and on top of his chosen profession.
Completion certification is no different from any other aspect of our work. Get with the program and be prepared and knowledgeable.
In this short article, I want to share with my colleagues new and old seven secrets of a quality engineer that everyone should know. Sharing these secrets with you should make you think about your activities. In addition, how you can improve your experience as a quality engineer, and maybe your overall experience within your working career. And eventually, you are building the characteristics of a quality engineer along the way.
Being a quality engineer is both rewarding and challenging to say the very least, as we progress through our career and gain more experience it should become evident that being a quality engineer is more than just your average position within the company.
An active diligent quality engineer has the ability to shape the future and destiny of the business he is working with. Did you realize through following a strict regime of reporting and adherence to business metrics your skilled work will be noticed in the upper echelons of the business?
I will not focus on the tools and methods of our work. I prefer to take a holistic view of making a quality engineers’ life more fruitful and fulfilling giving an insight into how to make your working life a better experience by sharing my knowledge.
Moreover, I will share with you some tips to enhance your work and life experience while working away from home.
Secret # 1 Hard work
It is understood that the life of a quality engineer is a life of hard work and a life of high expectations from both your employer and client. This means you have to live up to the expectations of the position you hold.
Members of your crew will look up to you and the advice you give for the resolution of problems is critical for the successful outcome of the project your team is working on. By being a hard worker, you are not only building your future but you are raising your value. Your company will likely give you the gratitude of any kind.
Secret # 2 Punctuality
There can be very few things in life that are worse than have a quality engineer who is always late for his work duties. It is of paramount importance you work to your schedule and the schedule of the team and more importantly the schedule of your client.
You should remember every day that you are part of a team and a work schedule. Without your input, the schedule could be delayed causing untold problems for the company and the client. Being absent for anything but the most critical issues is not acceptable to any of the members of your crew.
Realize the importance of your work and lead by example.
These seven secrets of a quality engineer will put you and your career trajectory on a sure path.
Secret # 4 Save Money
Pay attention! As mentioned, I would take a holistic view of the life of a quality engineer and this holistic approach will help you succeed in your goals.
Many of us quality engineers work overseas away from our families. Some of us work on projects in the most expensive metropolises in the world, and the temptations to enjoy life to the full surround us every evening and weekend.
Always keep in mind why you are working away from your family and loved ones. Save enough money from your earnings to meet your original financial objectives and obligations. Have a little fun from time to time and maximize your savings while you are still working.
Secret # 5 Invest money
It is important that I share seven secrets of a quality engineer. We all work overseas for one good reason and that reason is to earn enough money for our family and ourselves when we retire. However, often a salary cannot provide enough to meet all of your financial aspirations.
Investing money is a way for you to realize your financial dreams. The investments markets are full of safe and risky investment portfolios. Seek professional help and speak with friends who have investments and see which is best for you. But for me, I like real estate, I already bought the lot (land) with a total approximate area of 2,000 square meters and some units of the rental house are being constructed. All the money spent on this investment was coming from being a quality engineer.
Secret # 6 Create a side hustle while working.
Maximize your experience as a quality engineer, enhance your earnings by being creative or pursuing something you are passionate about. Earning even a small amount of cash extra each month will make a huge difference in your life while away from home.
Creating a side hustle is a good way to supplement your income (make sure it is legal). Most of us have ideas of how we can make money outside of work, which can range from selling home-style food to your friends and colleagues. It is a great way to supplement your income and worth pursuing. I recommend to start a side hustling via blogging, start a blog or website. Like what I did. It is completely working from home job and hassle-free.
Secret # 7 Eat healthy foods.
When working away from home we all fall into the same trap of eating fast food for convenience. To be honest fast food normally tastes great and when back home with the family is often considered as a treat.
However, we all know eating fast food every day has a consequence for our health and we should pursue a diet of healthy foods.
Healthy foods will keep you in good shape and enable you to think with clarity while working on some of the more arduous tasks of a quality engineer. That’s what I am doing now since I discovered that eating healthy foods such as salad and fruits were giving me good feelings. Till now I discipline myself to maintain this habit. You may hear this in the saying “health is wealth.”
Taking a holistic view of our daily work will provide you with a balanced work and social life while away from family and friends. Sharing the seven secrets of every quality engineer should give you some of the basics of how to improve your life on a day-to-day basis.
On its own being, a quality engineer can be a demanding position and a position that is critical to your crew and the client of the company you are employed. Some of these secrets will enhance your ability to work in a better way.
Working overseas can be a great experience or a negative experience. It is incumbent on you to make your experience as a quality engineer the very best it can be while striving to meet your ultimate financial goals.
Do you have one of the secrets mentioned above? Share your own secrets that make you feel good, let me know in the comment box below.
The Middle East is the new “Land of Milk and Honey” for most Westerners or Asians job hunters. The success stories of the legions of several races such as Americans, Australians, Indians, Filipino and many more working in the region cannot be ignored. With skill and a little luck, it can be possible for anyone to earn salaries much higher than those that can be earned locally. These online job portals will definitely help you in the pursuit of your job searching.
However, as lucrative as the Middle East is, there are lots of scams surrounding job openings in the region. Many illegal recruiters thrive on the heavy demand for jobs, stealing the applicants’ hard-earned money in the guise of “placement fees” and other expenses. The best way to steer clear of these unscrupulous characters is to go directly where the job openings are — in official job listings and online job portals.
While the government has its own job portal where you can find legitimate listings, searching here can only get you so far. This list instead compiles seven of the largest, most useful, and most relevant job portals you can use to search for employment in the Middle East. Start here, and before you know it you’ll be Gulf-bound and ready to start a new career!
This is a very famous online job portal, one that allows you to quickly search for a wide variety of jobs. You can specify both what kind of job you are looking for, and what country or locale you wish to apply in. Indeed is a global service, and while it isn’t specifically geared for Middle East aspirants it has one of the most robust job listings anywhere.
Like most of the other sites in this list, Indeed is a job aggregator that collects all listings from newspapers, online boards, and many other sources. There are also company reviews, which will help job hunters find the one that is best suited for them.
If you are looking for something more Middle East-centric, check out this job portal. Naukrigulf caters specifically to job openings in the Gulf area, listing countries such as the UAE, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, and Bahrain. You can view jobs from different categories or companies, too. As a plus, Naukrigulf also offers advice on how your applications can stand out to potential employers.
There are even expert opinions (under the section “Expert Speak”) that forecast trends and about the Middle East economy and discusses different aspects of success in the region. For those fortunate to be noticed by employers, Naukrigulf also offers advice on how to handle interviews — there’s even a section on how to write a decent interview cancellation email.
Bayt bills itself as “The Middle East’s Leading Job Site”. This online job portal is more of a mix between Indeed and Naukrigulf, with a simple job-search interface and a listing of available openings across various categories. There is also a specific category for openings in executive positions, and another section for jobs that go through recruitment agencies. Furthermore, testimonials about the site give added assurance on the veracity of the listings. Bayt claims that there are over 40,000 employers advertising on the site, including big international names. They also have postings for international locations, though these are in the minority. Articles containing job success tips and interviews with Bayt team members can also be found on the site.
This is also a Middle East-centric online job portal that organizes its listings into different categories. Aside from doing a search, you can check jobs based on their industries, locations, job titles, and skills involved. The site has a live chat feature that enlists the help of a Monstergulf representative in your job search efforts.
Monstergulf also has other services, such as professional resumé writing and an increased visibility of your resumé to companies and consultants. These come at a cost, however, which could create an uneven experience. You can also pay to have your skills highlighted for easy viewing by possible employers. Their career tips section comes free of charge and covers a multitude of topics from negotiating salaries to finding a secondary career.
This is another large job portal that is geared towards international job seekers. It has different sites focused on various locales, so make sure to find the one that is geared for the Middle East (classified under Asia/Pacific). Jobrapido has a very simple interface, with a search function and a listing per region. You can also sign up to have email alerts sent to you when new jobs are available in the region of your interest. As an aggregator, Jobrapido’s individual listings will lead you to the original job website that hosted it.
This is an established online job portal, and definitely has one of the highest levels of exposure (since it’s been around since 1997). Jobstreet is geared towards job hunters in the Southeast Asian region. The site allows you to build a page (sort of an online resumé) that employers can browse. This also serves as a means for potential employers to contact you for opportunities. The site includes an AI that allows you to get “matched” with jobs that suit your profile and preferences (including but not limited to desired salary, company, and location), but of course, also has provisions for conventional search.
Jobsara is a Middle East-centric online job portal that is more like Jobstreet in its feature set. It is a place for both employees and employers to meet. The former can post online resumés, search for and save job listings, and search for career tips that will help them get noticed. The latter can browse through applicants, who they can then contact. Almost all features of Jobsara are hidden behind a login page.
Ready to get the job of your dreams? Job hunting isn’t easy, even when these sites make every effort to remove the pain points. The secret ingredient to success is, however, perseverance. Just as you persevere in your chosen field, you must stick to your guns in finding the job that perfectly suits you. Employers have an uncanny eye for a job match, and once you find yours, it’s off to start a new chapter in your life.
What online job portal do you usually use in applying for a job?
You might have heard of engineers talking about working at Dubai, and you might also feel curious why these professionals are aiming for such work. Well, the answer is simple, an engineer in Dubai get to experience tons of advantages and privileges.
It is, in fact, one of the best-paying countries in the engineering profession. You might be thinking now that these professionals have to leave their respective families for work. But also know that such a thing is needed for them to do for the sake of the family itself. These people now, by working abroad for their families become the unsung heroes.
Just like how nurses go to USA, Canada, or Australia, these engineers are also given the opportunity to work in Dubai. This now means moving, adjusting, and the likes of changes. After experiencing what Dubai has to offer, one would surely feel so lucky and blessed to be here.
In this article, I will thoroughly discuss these perks that engineers can experience. Who knows? You might also be an engineer, and I might also be able to encourage you to work here. Be ready to experience the beauty of Dubai, fall in love with it, and have a blast of fun and experience!
1. High salary for engineers
The ultimate reason why engineers resort to working in Dubai is the high salary! This would, of course, entice anyone! Instead of working in one’s country and getting the regular or basic salary, why not go to Dubai and earn a much higher salary, which at times may also be double or triple than the usual wage back home. You get the work that you like, and in return, you also get your desired salary.
2. No tax for salary
Working in UAE means not paying tax! How cool is that? Well, to get to work on something that you are passionate about, you receive a high salary, you feel the advantages of being in the place, and yet you do not get deducted for tax. No tax means more income and more savings! At times, this simple reason serves as a significant reason why more and more are falling in love with Dubai.
3. Two days off
There are engineering firms that allow their workers to take two days as day-off! These workers would receive the same high salary and will get to spend a couple of days of rest, something that is longer than the others. Though at times, some would resort to taking tours and short vacations. But whatever option you will do with those given offs, what is essential is that you get o ret for a long time!
4. Plenty of Specialization to choose from
Engineers have a lot of specialization to choose from. May it is Quantity Surveyor, Quality Engineer, Safety Engineer, Procurement Engineer, Material Engineer, Method Statement Engineer, Planning Engineer and a lot more, all of these are available in the work area. So, you do not have to work on a job that you do not like. With the different areas open, you would surely find one that suits your interest, passion, inclination, and talents. There is a wide array of options to choose from.
5. Easy to apply
If you now think that this job is too good to be true and it is, therefore, difficult to apply for it. Then you’re wrong. Applying for this benefit is way more comfortable than applying for other countries. All you have to do is join participate in the different professional organizations since this would provide more opportunity for you. This will also help you build your resume better. You may try to visit the Following links for application opportunities. Example of a website which you may use is the indeed.com.
6. Engineers are respected
Being an engineer in Dubai is considered one of the essential jobs in the country. That is why it people would see that you are an engineer, they will do everything to show their respect to you. They have high regards for engineers for they believe that it is a great and noble profession. This includes assessment, evaluation, and execution of plans. Thus, making it a well-revered job in the country.
7. You can save more
The mathematics here is simple. More earnings, less tax, and more savings! After all, working abroad is not merely a matter of working “For the moment.” It is more of working for the future, and the best way to be assured of it is by having enough and maximizing savings. So that when the time comes that you have to go home for good and rest, you can be confident enough since you know that you are ready because you prepared for it.
8. An engineer can quickly get a car
Engineers could soon get a car. To reiterate, I am not bragging about anything; I would like you to know that since cars are already a basic necessity in this place, and you have the resources or the money to buy one. That is why it is no wonder why you could see engineers here having great and even luxurious cars. Then, this another reason now serves as another advantage for engineers.
All in all, working as an engineer in Dubai has a lot of perks and benefits. Thus, the decision will be at your hands either you will try it out or not. Regardless of your choice, what matters most is that you are happy about your decision. But I would also highly recommend that you think about it thoroughly since it entails coming up with concrete decisions. Good luck!
What more reasons that you can share with us? Do you like to work in Dubai?
Dubai is a tourist paradise that combines business and luxury. Also known as the city of the superlatives and the unexpected, Dubai has transformed its skyline into something unique and inspired architecture.
It has some of the most amazing mega projects in the world. In fact, you cannot believe that certain structures ever existed in the world.
To be precise, Dubai is home to the tallest building in the world, the tallest hotel in the world and the only country with a 7 Star hotel in the entire world. Here are some of the 7 projects in Dubai that you can’t imagine were created:
Known as the tallest building and manmade structure in the world, Burj Khalifa is an iconic structure in Dubai and the world at large. Stretching to 828 meters in the sky, it is the tallest building ever created by man.
The tower is home to the highest mosque in the world located on the 158th floor, and it also contains the highest swimming pool in the world situated on the 76th floor of the megastructure.
The tower has the highest viewing platform in the world located on the 124th floor. The skyscraper is shaped like a pyramid and houses executive 900 residences, office suites, and the luxurious Armani Hotel.
When you look at this structure, you will not agree that it was created by man. It is just amazing and jaw-dropping. This building holds some of the impressive world records in architecture and design and it is because of this fact that thousands flock to Dubai just to have a glimpse of this iconic structure.
This is the largest shopping center in the world by area. Yes, you got it right, the biggest shopping mall in the world. it has 1,200 retail outlets, over 160 food and beverage outlets, several department stores, and a large entertainment zone attracting over 750,000 visitors on a weekly basis.
The Dubai Mall is home to the Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo, a 250-room luxury hotel, and has the largest viewing panel in the world.
The Dubai Fountain is right outside this mall with its magnificent dancing waters.
It is a site that excites and attracts thousands to Dubai. For lovers of fashion, there are over 70 signature outlets including retailers like Galeries Lafayette and Bloomingdale.
You can also check out Fashion Avenue and experience the latest fashion collections from renown designers across the globe, for example, Versace, Burberry just to mention but a few.
The Olympic-sized Dubai Ice Rink, the children’s Kidzania and the indoor cinema complex are some of the exciting things for families.
This is the world’s largest man-made island. It is one of the most ambitious development projects in the world. It is a combination of artificial islands with a two-kilometer trunk and a crown made up of 17 fronds and a surrounding crescent.
The islands make up a palm tree shape, which adds up to 78 kilometers to the coastline of Dubai. The Palm Trilogy comprises the Palm Deira, the Palm Jebel, and the Palm Jumeirah. It houses luxury hotels, water theme parks, exclusive beachside homes, marinas and entertainment spots. It is vital to point out that the Palm Jumeirah was launched in 2001 and the first residences were handed over in 2006 comprising of luxury villas and apartments.
The Palm is fully developed with road, tunnels and public transport. This makes it easier for visitors to access different hotels, attraction sites, and restaurants on the island. You can also sail around this manmade island on a yacht or on a speedboat and enjoy touring the Palm Jumeirah.
Ibn AlBahr and Aji are some of the best restaurants here offering Japanese-Peruvian cuisine among other delicacies. Additionally, the two restaurants offer great scenic views of the Arabian Gulf, the skyline of Dubai and the Majestic Burj Al Arab.
Also known as the Infinity Tower, the Cayan Tower is the tallest high-rise building in the world with a twist of 90 degrees. It is a luxury apartment building with a helical shape. Each floor of this building is identical in the plan but designed carefully to rotate 1.2 degrees in comparison to the previous floor. The tower house 495 luxury apartments.
The 80-storey iconic building stands 305 meters from its base to the crown. The most astonishing feature of this building is that there is no single structural pillar inside the building.
The Floating Bridge in Dubai is yet another iconic structure in the United Arab Emirates. The bridge was built in 2007 with the primary goal of reducing traffic on the Al Maktoum Bridge.
The bridge carries six lanes and has a width of 2 x 22m and a length of 365 meters. The bridge was constructed using hollow concrete bricks to allow it to float on water. It is essential to note that the entire project was completed in a record time of only 23 days.
The World Islands is a collection of 300 manmade islands designed in the shape of the world map. The artificial archipelago is located 4 kilometers off the Dubai coast. It is made from tons of sand rock and the whole area covers 6 x 9 kilometers. It is surrounded by an oval-shaped breakwater island giving it a distinct shape.
However, its world map shape is visible by satellite or from the top of the world’s tallest building the Burj Khalifa. The 300 small islands are divided into four different categories, estate homes, private homes, community islands and dream resorts. Each island is for sale and they are ready for development.
The Marina Walk is a perfect lifestyle destination with a wide range of leisure, dining and shopping spots. The Marina Walk features 7 kilometers pedestrian walkways that lead to some of the most popular restaurants in Dubai.
The pedestrian walks are designed to ensure that families have a relaxed time in the restaurants, cafes, spa facilities, shops and retail outlets set out along the waterfront.
The Marina Dubai Walk is strategically located along Sheikh Zayed Road and is in close proximity to Dubai Internet City, Emirates Golf Club, Address Montgomerie Dubai Golf Course, the American University, Dubai Media City, and several five-star hotels. The Marina Walk covers a total development area of 50 million square feet.
It encompasses a large canal with 3.5 km of waterfront area with direct access to the sea. The Dubai Marina is home to the Dubai Marina Mall complex comprising of a mall, a shopping and entertainment destination.
Public events are always held around the Marina Walk. The area is always crowded and walking the area during the weekends particularly on Fridays and Saturdays is a huge challenge to many.
Dubai prides itself to be home to several amazing world record holding structures and attractions. Despite being in a desert, Dubai has the largest natural flower garden in the world (Dubai Miracle Garden), the tallest hotel in the world (JW Marriot Marquis Dubai Hotel), the world’s tallest residential building (The Princess Tower), the world’s largest indoor snow park (the Ski Dubai), and many more. Other projects are ongoing that will elevate the status of Dubai to incredible heights.