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Natural hydrogenases exclusively utilize Ni and/or Fe to activate or produce hydrogen. Now, a catalytically active [Mn]-hydrogenase has been prepared by incorporating a synthetic Mn complex into the apoenzyme of [Fe]-Hydrogenase. The semi-synthetic [Mn]-hydrogenase shows higher activity than the corresponding Fe analogue.
Gas sorption studies in porous materials typically reflect their overall gas uptake. Now, using a ‘gas adsorption crystallography’ method, the gas adsorption isotherms of two metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have been quantitatively decomposed into sub-isotherms that reflect the pore-filling behaviour of various guests in the different types of pores present in the MOFs.
Secondary-sphere interactions serve a fundamental role in controlling the reactivity and selectivity of organometallic and enzyme catalysts, but their study in organocatalytic systems is scarce. Now, it has been shown that the in situ secondary-sphere modification of organocatalysts combined with machine-learning techniques can uncover reaction mechanisms and streamline catalyst optimization.
A set of stereochemically complex and structurally diverse compounds were created from the diterpene natural product pleuromutilin using the complexity-to-diversity strategy. Phenotypic screening identified a compound that induces rapid ferroptotic death of cancer cells. Experiments to probe the mechanism revealed the compound to be an inhibitor of thioredoxin.
Structural defects are known to exist in metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), and to affect the materials’ properties, but their exact structures have remained difficult to determine. Now, missing-linker and missing-cluster defects have been observed in a MOF using low-dose transmission electron microscopy, enabling their distributions, evolutions during crystallization and effects on the material’s catalytic activity to be explored.
Methods for generating molecular diversity provide a route to screen a wider section of chemical space, to discover compounds with useful biological properties. Now, a complexity-to-diversity strategy has enabled the discovery of a multi-cyclic structure from a complex natural product that induces ferroptotic cell death in cancer cells.
Reaction blockading in a reaction between an excited atom and a charged molecule at low collision energy
Reaction blockading in a reaction between an excited atom and a charged molecule at low collision energy, Published online: 06 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41557-019-0264-3
The reaction between an excited atom and a charged molecule has now been studied at low temperature and a reaction blockading effect has been observed that differs significantly from what is expected from standard chemical capture theory.