Hi, my name is Joe. I started this website after having consulted with a number of mattress companies in the past. I started the website because I knew several things about the industry very well. I personally test mattresses, sheets, and pillows featured on my site. Read my experience and reviews before you buy.
Coop Home Goods is known for making some super comfortable (and soft) adjustable shredded foam pillows. Their body pillow is no exception. Features of both their Original pillow and their Eden pillow can be found in the body pillow – from the soft rayon derived from bamboo to the “best of both worlds” mix of foam and fiber in the filling.
Who should get this body pillow? Check out my video and my written review below for all the details!
Coop Home Goods Body Pillow Review - Adjustable & Supportive! - YouTube
Dimensions: 20″ x 54″
Lulltra® fabric cover is 60% polyester 40% bamboo-derived rayon
Cross-cut memory foam (80%) and microfiber filling (20%)
Zippered cover allows you to access filling and add/remove to meet your desired support level
Dust mite resistant
Made in the USA
Comes with a 5-year limited warranty
100-night sleep trial
$69 full price
Care: won’t fit standard washers and dryers so the company says: Because our Body Pillow is large and doesn’t fit standard washer and dryers, we’d recommend layering a pillow protector but if you don’t do that you can spot clean using a mild detergent (nothing harsh)
Who Makes It?
The body pillow is made by a bedding accessories company called Coop Home Goods. The business is family-owned by a brother and sister team. They are known for bringing high-quality and innovative products directly to consumers, bypassing retailers and associates.
Their first product is the shredded memory foam pillow that they started selling in October 2013. They also sell a mattress protector and home-related products such as a stainless steel spin mop and dish drying mat set.
So the care instructions are a little bit confusing regarding how to clean this pillow. I got a small piece of paper with my body pillow that says you can wash the pillow but the instructions on the brand’s site for the body pillow say to spot clean it only.
The pillow is too large to successfully fit into a standard-sized washer and dryer. So on their website, the brand gives you these instructions:
Because our Body Pillow is large and doesn’t fit standard washers and dryers, we recommend layering our machine washable Pillow Protector over the Body Pillow to keep it fresh and clean. If you do wish to wash your Body Pillow, we recommend using a commercial washer and dryer.
I personally would recommend not trying to machine wash and then dry a large amount of shredded foam and fiber. This can take a very long time to fully dry and in a commercial dryer it could get expensive. I’d suggest using a pillow protector or planning to spot clean the pillow.
Super soft breathable cover
Adjustable in nature
Good full-body support
Wish they had a liner so you could remove the cover to wash separately
Takes up a good amount of space in the bed
Taking the foam and fiber combo out might be messy
Others are cheaper
How This Pillow Works For Different Sleep Positions
Because of its adjustable nature, I think the Coop Home Goods body pillow will truly work for all sleep positions. Side sleepers or larger individuals will want to leave it with the amount of stuffing it comes with but back and stomach sleepers may want to lose a little bit of the filling for slightly less body support.
The filling is a mix of foam and fiber and you can move it around and manipulate it as needed. This also makes it a nice option for a pregnant woman who wants some customization with their supportive body pillow.
As a primary back and side sleeper, this body pillow is one of my favorites. I like the overall supportive feel on my side and my back.
You can also fold the pillow in half and use it between your knees (you’ll probably need to take out some of the filling) or behind your back while you’re in bed relaxing.
Just like the brand’s pillows, this body pillow is sure to be a crowd-pleaser. The cover is super soft and breathable and the inner filling and be added/removed and adjusted internally to match anyone’s support needs.
It’s also on the more affordable side, right around $70 with a 100-night trial which also minimizes the risk of the investment.
If you are still on the fence about this pillow or want a personal recommendation, comment below and I’ll help guide you!
If you travel often, you have probably seen a variety of sleep products hanging in airport shops. Neck pillows, earplugs, and sleep masks; these can all help you sleep better when you are making a trip.
Looking specifically at sleep masks, you might think that they are all pretty much the same. Nothing could be further from the truth. While they might look similar on the surface, there are a few sleep masks that really stand out among the rest.
To help you find the right sleep mask for you, I have compiled a list of my favorite sleep masks. We’ll talk about who should get which sleep mask and what a sleep mask can do for you.
5 Best Sleep Masks - Which Will You Choose? - YouTube
Top Picks Compared
If you look for sleep masks online, you are going to get hundreds, maybe thousands of results. How do you know you are getting a sleep mask that will work for you? Out of all the sleep masks I have tried, five really impressed me. These five masks have a number of interesting features and are of very high quality. Read on to find the right fit for you.
The Alaska Bear is one of the most popular sleep masks I have come across. At first glance, it appears to be a simple sleep mask.
The sleep mask does have a classic design, but there is more going on here. First off, the outside of the mask is made from Mulberry silk. This a very soft material that feels very smooth against the face. You shouldn’t feel like the mask is irritating your face.
Second, a major consideration with sleep masks is light blockage. The Alaska Bear is black so, holding it up to my face and opening my eyes, I cannot see through it. Also, the mask fits snugly against my face. I don’t see any light coming up near my nose.
Since the mask fits my face so well, it is also a good match for all three sleeping positions. Whether I lie on my back, side or stomach, the mask stays firmly in place.
What Makes The Alaska Bear Stand Out?
It is made of a soft, Mulberry silk.
The strap is adjustable so the mask should be able to fit heads of many sizes.
The Alaska Bear is black and fits snugly so that it blocks out almost all light.
You can use the sleep mask in any sleeping position, and it should work well for travel.
The Alaska Bear can be washed at home using cool water and mild soap.
No Eye Pressure
Deep Rest Mask From Nidra
The Nidra is a unique sleep mask in that it features molded cups. These cups keep the mask from pressing into the eyes. This makes the Nidra a good option for those who want a mask that won’t smudge their makeup.
Also, the molded cups should interest people who struggle with eye pain. Putting on this sleep mask, I feel no pressure on my eyes. I have plenty of room to open my eyes and blink without any obstruction.
While the Nidra stands out because of its eye cups, it also works well as a simple sleep mask. The thick Polyester mask does not let any light in from the front. Also, a small nose ridge keeps light from entering near the bottom of the mask.
The Nidra is also very lightweight and feels secure no matter what position I sleep in. This means it could also be a good travel companion.
What Makes The Nidra Stand Out?
The molded cups keep pressure away from the eyes.
The Nidra should work for those who want to nap without smudging their makeup.
People with eye pain shouldn’t feel pressure on their eyes.
It is easy to wash the Nidra at home.
Best Cosmetic Sleep Mask
Morihata Binchotan Activated Charcoal Eye Mask
Light blockage is not the only reason to buy a sleep mask. Some sleep masks have a more cosmetic function.
The Morihata is one such sleep mask. It contains activated charcoal on the back of the mask. You find activated charcoal in everything from toothpaste to face masks. It has been found to draw out toxins as well as oil and dirt.
With the inclusion of charcoal, the Morihata is designed to reduce puffiness around the eyes and keep your skin smooth. Do you wake up with bags under your eyes? Consider the Morihata.
This sleep mask does not cut out the most light, however. Opening my eyes under the mask, I can see quite a bit of light. There is an extra strap of fabric that runs across the bottom of the back side. This does stop light from leaking in near the nose.
As a pure sleep mask, the Morihata might not be the best at creating that full dark experience. That being said, it should be a great match for those who want a mask to help them wake up looking clean and refreshed.
What Makes The Morihata Stand Out?
It contains charcoal which is meant to help cut down on puffiness around the eyes.
The Morihata features a strip of fabric that should stop light from entering near the nose.
You can wash the Morihata at home.
The adjustable strap makes it easy to fit the Binchotan to your head.
Best For Pain Relief
IMAK Eye Pillow
You can tell by the name that the IMAK is not just another sleep mask. It is an “eye pillow” and is heftier than the other masks on this list.
ErgoBeads give the IMAK its weight. They also give the IMAK some real body and create a massaging effect around the eyes.
The IMAK was actually invented by an orthopedic surgeon. The mask is designed to help reduce eye pain, sinus pain, headaches, and migraines. The website specifically mentions that office workers who stare at a screen all day will like the soothing nature of the IMAK.
Because of its weight, the IMAK also provides deep tissue pressure. This is the therapeutic pressure you find in weighted blankets. Deep tissue pressure has been shown to lower cortisol levels while raising serotonin and dopamine levels. Your mood could improve by wearing the IMAK overnight.
The mask blocks out the majority of light, but it is too heavy for side or stomach sleeping. When I moved around at night, it did fall off my face.
However, if you are looking for a mask to deal with eye and sinus pain, the IMAK should definitely work for you.
What Makes The IMAK Stand Out?
The ergoBeads help to massage the area around the eyes.
The eye pillow could lessen eye pain, sinus pain, as well as headaches.
It cuts out a good amount of light.
You can place the IMAK in the freezer to add even more cooling relief.
Best Light Blockage
Mavogel Sleep Mask
The Mavogel is a sleep mask with some very interesting features. First, wings on both sides of the mask transfer pressure away from the center of the mask. This lessens the pressure you will feel on your eyes.
Also, the sleep mask has a bendable cartilage strip around the nose. With your fingers, you can bend this wire to fit the ridge of your nose. This keeps that light from coming in near your nose.
Add that together with the thicker grey material, and you shouldn’t get any light leakage. Even opening my eyes under the mask, I was only seeing blackness.
The Mavogel also has a somewhat plush feel. It contains many layers of softer fabric and there is even a bit of sponginess to it.
Those who want a comfortable sleep mask to keep the light out should take a look at the Mavogel.
What Makes The Mavogel Stand Out?
Wings toward the side of the mask keep the pressure away from your eyes.
Bendable cartilage ensures that no light leaks in from the nose area.
The Mavogel cuts out almost all light.
An adjustable strap makes the Mavogel a good fit for many sized heads.
The mask is handmade.
What Can A Sleep Mask Do For You?
There are many reasons one should consider buying a sleep mask. Also, there are many hidden benefits to a sleep mask. Read on to see if a sleep mask could work for you.
They can keep the light out. The first reason to get a sleep mask is, well, obvious. They can cut out light. Our circadian rhythms are greatly affected by light. Wearing a sleep mask can help you get more REM sleep and can even increase melatonin, allowing you to sleep more deeply. A sleep mask can be especially useful if you have an unusual work schedule. Do you work nights and sleep during the day? Consider a sleep mask.
They can help you sleep while you travel. When you go on a trip, you rarely have too much control of the lights in your surroundings. Whether you are on a plane or train, you could find the lights very distracting. A light sleep mask could help you cut out that unwanted light. Also, if you are trying to reset your body clock after being in a different time zone, a sleep mask can be very useful.
They can help with pain relief. Some eye masks, like the IMAK Eye Pillow above, have therapeutic properties. They can help cut down on eye pain and sinus pain. They can also alleviate migraines and provide healthy compression around the eyes.
They can have cosmetic benefits. Sleep masks can also help you with your appearance. Many people wake up with bags under their eyes. Some sleep masks contain materials like charcoal that can reduce this puffiness. Other sleep masks can even prevent wrinkles!
What Should You Consider When Buying A Sleep Mask?
Like most mattresses and bedding, there is no one sleep mask for everyone. If you think a sleep mask could work for you, think about the following criteria to make sure you find the right one.
What environment will you be using the sleep mask in? It is always important to think about where you will be utilizing your sleep mask. Are you going to use it at home? If so, do you live in an area with a good amount of light pollution? If you are going to be using it for travel, will it stay secure when you are moving around?
What position do you sleep in? As with any sleep product, you want to think about your sleeping position. If you sleep on your back, most of these masks will work for you. However, if you sleep on your side and opt for a heavier mask that doesn’t fit your fact too well, it could fall off while you sleep. You want to make to sure that the sleep mask will continue to block out all light while you are sleeping.
Will it fit your head? A sleep mask won’t do you much good if it does not fit correctly. You want to make sure that your sleep mask either fits your head immediately or at least features an adjustable strap. Most sleep masks come with an adjustable strap, but double check just in case.
Cleaning. After you use a sleep mask for some time, you could start to see some oil and dirt buildup. You are going to want to keep your sleep mask clean so make sure that you can easily do this at home.
If you think a sleep mask is a good choice, one of these five options should work. However, if you want to keep looking, just keep these criteria in mind, and you should find the right fit for you!
Recently, Brooklyn Bedding has been quickly expanding their line of mattresses. They unveiled the Titan, made just for larger people and the Plank, an extremely firm, flippable mattress.
Now we have the Propel, a very comfortable mattress designed for athletes. TitanCool keeps the mattress cool while Upcycle technology increases blood flow, helping with recovery.
Reviewing the many other Brooklyn Bedding mattresses, I have been impressed by their high-quality components and value pricing. So, I was excited to see how the Propel compares to the other Brooklyn Bedding mattresses.
Is this another good value from Brooklyn Bedding? Read on for my full review.
Brooklyn Bedding Propel Mattress Review - A Great Fit For Side Sleepers? - YouTube
You Might Want To Pick The Propel If:
You prefer a softer mattress. I believe most people will agree that the Propel is softer-than-average. Whether you just like the feel of a soft mattress or have some extra comfort needs, the Propel should be a good choice.
You are a side sleeper. The Propel features some fantastic pressure relief. With its thick comfort layer you shouldn’t be feeling much pressure on your shoulders and hips. In fact, the comfort layer is so thick, even heavier side sleepers should feel great pressure relief.
You are a back sleeper who likes to sink in. The mattress also features a decent balance of comfort and support. If you are a back sleeper and don’t mind sinking into the mattress, the Propel should work for you. You should feel good overall support while your hips are allowed to sink in.
You are an athlete. The Propel contains Upcycle technology which is designed to assist in muscle recovery. If you are an athlete and need a mattress to help you recover after a hard workout, the Propel is definitely a good option.
You are a hot sleeper. There is a phase change material called TitanCool in the top layer of the Propel. This helps with temperature regulation so if you often sleep hot, the TitanCool should keep you from overheating too much.
You are looking for a good value. Brooklyn Bedding is a unique mattress company. They own their own factory and are able to price their mattresses as low as possible. While the Propel features some high-quality materials, it is still priced very affordably.
You Might Not Want To Pick The Propel If:
You prefer a firmer mattress. Whether you are looking for a medium-firm or firm mattress, the Propel might not be the best choice. It is definitely softer-than-average and will not be a good fit for those who want something on the firmer side.
You are a stomach sleeper. Softer mattresses are usually not a good match for stomach sleeping. When you are on your stomach, you want to make sure your mattress is giving you enough support on your hips. The Propel is softer and might not give you that needed support.
You are a back sleeper but don’t want to sink in. While the Propel could be a good match for some back sleepers, others might think the mattress is too soft. You do sink into the mattress quite a bit so if you like a back sleeping mattress that keeps you more aloft, I would look elsewhere.
You prefer to sleep on top of your mattress. Sleeping on the Propel, you should sink in quite a bit. If you like to sleep on top of your mattress, you might want to look for something without such a soft, thick comfort layer.
The mattress is 11.5” tall.
The cover is soft and contains Upcycle technology.
The first layer is 1.5” of CopperFlex foam.
Then there are 2” of Energex foam.
Below that, there is a 1” layer of swirl gel memory foam.
The support layer contains 6” of individually-encased Ascension coils.
The coils rest on 1” of high-density foam.
The mattress is made in the USA.
The cover’s Upcycle technology is designed to help athletes recover after working out. The Upcycle absorbs body heat, transforms it into infrared energy and directs it back at you. This has been shown to increase blood flow which could help your muscles recover.
The top layer also contains a Phase Change Material called TitanCool. Phase Change Materials are meant to assist with temperature regulation. If you are sleeping hot, the TitanCool will cool you down. If you are sleeping to cool, it will actually warm you up.
The CopperFlex layer has a combination of memory foam and latex qualities. It is soft and pressure relieving but also responsive. The Energex foam beneath that is similarly soft yet responsive. You should sink into these top layers, but you also shouldn’t be getting stuck.
Altogether, you have 4.5” of comfort material. A thick comfort layer like this usually means the mattress is going to be a good fit for side sleepers. You should sink into the mattress and feel almost no pressure on your shoulders and hips.
The combination of coils and thick comfort layer should be a good match for larger people. Sometimes larger people, especially those who sleep on their side, can press through thinner comfort layers and bottom out. Because the comfort layer is 4.5” on the Propel, larger people should not be bottoming out. In addition, the coils should provide enough support, even for heavier weights.
How This Compares To Other Brooklyn Bedding Mattresses
If you are taking a look at the Propel mattress, you might want to know how it compares to the other Brooklyn Bedding mattresses.
First off, there are some similarities between the Propel and the rest of the Brooklyn Bedding mattresses. Like the other mattresses, the Propel is a very good value. Brooklyn Bedding owns and runs its own factory so they are able to cut out the middle man. This allows them to use premium materials and sell their mattresses for an affordable price.
Second, like the other Brooklyn Bedding mattresses, the Propel sleeps cool. All of the Brooklyn Bedding mattresses address the issue of sleeping hot in some way. The Propel features TitanCool in its top layer. This is a Phase Change Material that will cool you down if your body temperature rises too much.
So, why would you want to buy the Propel instead of one of the other Brooklyn Bedding mattresses? What sets it apart?
If you are a side sleeper, the Propel relieves pressure better than most of these other mattresses. As I said above, it has a 4.5″ comfort layer that really allows you to sink in. I have tried all of the available Brooklyn Bedding mattresses and I felt the best pressure relief on the Propel.
In addition, the Propel is a great mattress for athletes. Unlike the rest of the Brooklyn Bedding mattresses, the Propel features Upcycle technology. This will help improve blood flow and should shorten recovery time for athletes. Whether you are a professional athlete or just want to recover after a workout, the Propel is a great option.
Firmness And Feel
In terms of firmness, I thought the Propel felt close to a 6/10. You have a soft, thick comfort layer and then you get down to some supportive coils. Together, this gives the mattress a softer-than-average firmness.
Here is how I felt in different sleeping positions:
Back sleeping on the Propel, I do sink in quite a bit. That being said, I still feel the necessary amount of support. The coils beneath the comfort layer are providing that overall support. The foams in the comfort layer are conforming to the shape of my body and adding some nice contouring as well.
When I move to my side, I really feel those foam layers go to work. Again, I sink in pretty far, but I do not hit the firm support layers. The comfort layer is relieving almost all the pressure on my shoulders and hips. Side sleepers of many sizes should like the Propel.
Moving to my stomach, the Propel is a bit too soft for me. I am not getting enough support on my hips, and I do feel like I am sinking too far into the mattress. Stomach sleepers are going to want to look for a firmer, more supportive mattress.
The Propel has a balanced foam feel that still allows you to sink in. So, the mattress is soft but responsive at the same time. You will get that soft foam feel, but you shouldn’t have any trouble moving around.
Brooklyn Bedding Propel Mattress - Firmness And Feel - YouTube
If you share your bed with someone, it is very important to think about how your mattress deals with motion transfer. When you or your partner move around at night, will you disturb each other or not?
To test how well the Propel isolates motion, I first place a glass of water on top of the mattress. I think pressed into the other areas of the mattress in an effort to mimic the movements you or your partner might make. I saw very little disturbance in the glass of water.
Also, I lay on the mattress and asked Marten to move around on the opposite side. He got in, switched positions a few times, and then got out. I did not feel many of these movements.
Looking at the results of these two tests, I can say that the Propel isolates motion quite well. It should be a good mattress for couples.
Brooklyn Bedding Propel Mattress - Motion Transfer - YouTube
Those who sleep with a partner should also think about the edge support of their mattress. When you sit or lie down near the edge of the mattress will you feel like the mattress is holding you up? Will it feel more like you are falling off?
Sitting down near the edge of the Propel, it compresses quite a bit. This is not surprising given how soft the top layers are. Still, I don’t feel like I am going to pitch forward off. When I lie down near the edge, I also feel secure. I don’t feel like the edge is giving way, letting me roll off the mattress.
You can see the good edge support in the photo below.
It is also important to consider your weight when you are looking at a mattress. Since I am 5’9″ 160 lbs, I thought it was important to get a different perspective. I asked Marten, who is 6’9″ 230 lbs to talk about his experience on the Propel mattress. Here is what he had to say:
In terms of firmness, Joe said this was a 6/10, and I actually agree. Often on softer mattresses, I will press through the comfort layer and hit the support layers beneath. Since the comfort layer is so thick on the Propel, I am not bottoming out.
Here is how I feel in different sleeping positions:
When I am on my back, I feel some good overall support. My hips sink in but not too far. It is a decent match for back sleeping.
Moving to my side, I feel fantastic pressure relief. I press into the comfort layer without bottoming out and feel almost no pressure on my shoulders and hips.
However, when I sleep on my stomach, the mattress is too soft for me. I bow in at the hips and feel like I am not in neutral spinal alignment.
If you are a heavier back sleeper, this could be a decent option. If you are a heavier side sleeper, the Propel is definitely a good option. If you’re a heavier stomach sleeper, I would look elsewhere.
Marten’s experience is pretty much what I expected. The Propel has a comfort layer thick enough to prevent him from bottoming out. Because of this, he too felt nice pressure relief when he was side sleeping. Also, as a heavier person, he felt even less support when he was on his stomach.
Unboxing The Propel Mattress
Like most online mattresses, the Propel will be shipped straight to your door. It will come in a cardboard box. First, take the box to your bedroom. You will probably need a friend’s help as this isn’t the lightest mattress.
Then, remove the rolled-up mattress from the box and position it on your bed. You can then start cutting through the few layers of plastic. Do this carefully so that you do not damage the mattress.
Once you have cut through the last layer of plastic, the mattress can be laid down flat. You can then cut away the last layers of plastic. Clear away all the packing materials and give your mattress some time to offgas and expand!
It is a softer mattress that should offer great pressure relief.
The Propel should keep you from sleeping hot.
It should help athletes recover more quickly.
Like all of Brooklyn Bedding’s mattresses, it is a good value.
The Propel is an extremely comfortable mattress that should be a good fit for side sleepers of all sizes. Hot sleepers, athletes, and those who want a good deal should also take a look at the Propel.
The mattress also comes with a 120-night sleep trial, 10-year warranty, as well as free shipping and returns. Financing is available, and there are also many other Brooklyn Bedding mattresses and accessories to choose from.
Prime Day is an exclusive shopping holiday for Amazon’s Prime members. It’s hosted once a year and lasts for two days (July 15 to July 16). This day gives Prime members (or those who opt into the free 30-day trial period) access to discounts on a wide range of the e-commerce giant’s list of products, including mattresses.
We’ve put together some of the Prime Day mattress deals for you. Keep checking back as we continue to add more to our list.
Tuft & Needle – $476
This deal is on the well-known brand’s original mattress in a Queen size. The deal is offering 20% off, which lowers the cost by nearly $120 and makes the mattress $476. This price includes free 2-day shipping (part of the Prime membership).
Prime Day is an exclusive shopping holiday for Amazon’s Prime members. It’s hosted once a year and lasts for two days (July 15 to July 16). This day gives Prime members (or those who opt into the free 30-day trial period) time to look at the many, many deals Amazon has on its wide range of products.
If you weren’t already aware – Amazon sells mattresses! We’ve put together some of the Prime Day mattress deals for you. Keep checking back as we continue to add more to our list.
Tuft & Needle – $476
This deal is on the well-known brand’s original mattress in a Queen size. The deal is offering 20% off, which lowers the cost by nearly $120 and makes the mattress $476. This price includes free 2-day shipping (part of the Prime membership).
When an animal sleeps, it helps them retain their memory and learn. This is why animals with larger brain sizes require more REM sleep. All animals need sleep, but their sleep styles and patterns can vary greatly depending on their environment and species. Sleeping patterns in all animals have evolved over time: Animals that are attacked by predators while sleeping will be less likely to pass their sleeping habits onto their young. This allows each generation to develop new ways to keep themselves safe while they sleep. For instance, otters hold hands while they sleep, or they wrap themselves in seaweed to stay afloat and keep their young protected. And herd animals like cows and sheep sleep closely together, since there’s much more safety in numbers against potential predators.
While there are many different reasons for varying sleep patterns in animals, evolutionary biologists theorize that the fear of predators plays a big role. Carnivores typically sleep more than herbivores; for example, lions sleep in short spells throughout the day and night so they have the energy to stalk and kill food whenever it’s available. Most animals sleep depending on how much they eat. Animals that eat food with less caloric density will likely sleep less than other animals. This is why herbivores often need to be awake for longer periods of time, since they need to be sure to get enough food to supply them with energy. Animals that graze, like giraffes and elephants, may only sleep 30 minutes to a few hours per day.
Which Animals Sleep the Most Per Day?
You might think that the sloth sleeps the most out of every animal. But just because they’re slow doesn’t mean they sleep more than other species. While sloths do get around 14 hours of sleep on average each day, this is about the same amount of sleep that the average dog gets.
Here are the animals that sleep the longest per day:
Animals that are considered prey, such as deer and sheep, only sleep around three to four hours a night. Most prey and smaller-sized animals sleep less than larger animals, although that’s not always the case for every species. For example, even though walruses are large, they don’t really need much sleep. They can stay awake as long as 84 hours at a time. The walrus fills up its pharyngeal pouches with air, allowing it to stay afloat while it sleeps. Walruses also hang onto ice sheets with their teeth and can sleep standing up or lying down.
Another large animal that doesn’t sleep much is the elephant. These intriguing creatures only get around two to four hours of sleep per day and spend most of their time eating plants throughout the day. Elephants usually sleep standing up, or they may lean against a termite mound or large tree. If an elephant sleeps on its side, it only sleeps for a short period, usually a half-hour or less, to keep its body weight from crushing its internal organs.
Some species of frogs can go for months at a time without sleep and only rest their eyes on occasion. These amphibians have a large amount of glucose in their system that keeps their vital organs from freezing in the winter, and this helps them survive even if their heart stops beating and they don’t breathe. This is why you may see frogs “come back to life” once the spring thaw arrives. Meanwhile, giraffes may sleep as little as 30 minutes a day. And horses can sleep for as little as two hours a day. These creatures sleep in about 15-minute intervals, and they sleep standing up: They have to, since their large size and long neck makes it more difficult to get up, putting them at risk of being attacked by a predator. Evolution has allowed the giraffe to take short naps throughout the day.
How Do Animals Sleep Standing Up?
If you’ve ever wondered how some animals sleep standing up, it’s all thanks to evolution. Animals like horses, cows, elephants, and giraffes have adapted to sleep this way in order to protect themselves from dangerous predators. Since they’re already standing up, it’s much easier for them to run away and make their escape. These animals are able to lock their legs so that the muscles don’t need to keep them in place. When they sleep standing up, they cannot achieve REM sleep, which is why they will lie down on some occasions.
Even a few species of birds sleep standing up, although it’s for a different reason than mammals. Mammals who sleep standing up are protecting themselves from predators, but birds sleep standing up if they can’t find a comfortable place to lie down. They do so by clamping the tendons in their legs into a locked position around branches or wires.
Some species go into a state of hibernation during the summer or winter months to save energy. During the winter, this is known as hibernation, while in the summer, it’s called estivation. A few species of animals will go into this mode every day, such as the American badger and the elegant fat-tailed mouse opossum. The length of the day, availability of food, and temperature all signal animals when it’s time to go into hibernation. Their core body temperature begins to drop as their blood flow, brain activity, and heart rate begin to slow down.
Hibernation and sleep are two different things, however. Animals that are in hibernation mode can survive for a long period of time without eating or relieving themselves. Bears wake from hibernation in order to give birth, and the mother bear will go back into hibernation while the baby cubs nurse. This is a key survival tactic, since most animals go into hibernation during periods when food is scarce.
Hibernation: This page offers a range of helpful information about animals and hibernation.
In general, other mammals sleep very similarly to humans. Their sleep is divided into a light sleep, deep sleep, and REM sleep, although the amount of sleep varies greatly. Armadillos and opossums sleep around 18 hours per day, while horses and giraffes sleep less than three hours a day. Humans fall somewhere in between, requiring seven to nine hours of sleep on average each night.
Most mammals sleep several times per day. This is known as polyphasic sleep. Depending on the animal, they may sleep more during the day or night, although diurnal animals typically tend to sleep at night. Primates sleep in one period each day. Monkeys sleep sitting upright to stay safe against predators, but great apes like gorillas and chimpanzees prefer to lay down. They sleep on nesting platforms in trees, very similar to human beds. These platforms allow them to stay up high in trees so they can stay safe from predators and annoying insects. These comfortable platforms give the apes a feeling of security, allowing them to get more REM sleep. With REM sleep, cognitive development provides a competitive advantage over many other species.
Marine mammals live in the water, but they come to the surface to breathe. To keep from suffocating while they sleep, animals like seals, dolphins, and whales experience unihemispheric sleep, in which they sleep with one brain hemisphere at a time. The other hemisphere is awake, so the animal can move, see through one eye, and breathe.
In some case, dolphins may float on top of the water while they sleep. This behavior is called “logging” and scientists have even discovered that some dolphins sleep while swimming in a circle. Another study found that dolphins may be able to achieve a level of unihemispheric sleep that still allows them to perform complex tasks.
Newborn orca whales can go weeks without sleep, and their mothers can, too. Sperm whales sleep upright and do not sleep unihemispherically. Scientists believe these whales may require the least amount of sleep of all mammals.
When birds migrate, they’re able to fly nonstop. While the migration periods can vary depending on the species, some can last for months at a time, such as the migration of the alpine swift, which lasts for around 200 days. Many migratory species of birds sleep unihemispherically just like marine mammals. This allows them to continue on with their long journey.
A study of frigate birds from the Galapagos Islands revealed that the birds stayed awake and alert during the day. At night when they took flight, they underwent slow-wave sleep for several minutes at a time. Their heads would even drop during short episodes of REM sleep, which only lasted a few minutes so as not to interrupt their flight patterns. Other birds, like Swainson’s thrushes, take power naps to make up for lost sleep. Some birds sleep in a way that protects themselves, like ducks, who tend to sleep in a row. The ducks on each end sleep with a different eye closed, and the middle ducks close both eyes. This indicates that the ducks on the end are sleeping unihemispherically so they can keep watch and protect the group from predators.
Do Birds Sleep? The Cornell Lab of Ornithology discusses more about birds and their unique sleeping habits.
Reptiles and Sleep
Reptiles’ sleeping patterns vary greatly. Lizards experience a sleep cycle that usually lasts only around 80 seconds, in comparison to 70 to 100 minutes for humans. Lizards also go through around 350 sleep cycles per night, while humans experience around four to five. Reptiles do not have cerebrums, and scientists previously thought that REM sleep only took place in more highly evolved creatures like birds and mammals. But a recent study of Australian bearded dragons revealed that they can, in fact, achieve REM sleep.
When we sleep, we typically close our eyes, as our eyelids keep the eyes protected and moisturized. Animals like snakes use transparent scales that function similarly to eyelids; since they’re clear, it’s difficult to tell if or when they are asleep. If a snake stays perfectly still, that’s the best indicator that the animal is truly asleep.
Fish look like they are daydreaming when they’re asleep, appearing motionless as they hover near the bottom of the sea or their tank. Every once in a while, they’ll flick their fins to keep steady and afloat. The sleep pattern of fish depends heavily on their environment and their activity level. Fish that live in an aquarium adjust their sleep cycles depending on the lights inside the building where they live.
Sharks must have constant ventilation of their gills, so they have to keep swimming even while they sleep. Sharks do not close their eyes or enter REM sleep.
A surprising discovery was found in the zebrafish. This unique fish appears to experience insomnia, similar to humans. Scientists induced sleep deprivation in the fish, and later, it displayed classic symptoms of insomnia along with reduced sleep time. Another fish called the parrot fish secretes a jelly-like mucus that surrounds it and keeps it protected as it sleeps.
Some animals can die if they are subject to sleep deprivation for long enough. This is true for mammals like rats, and some insects may also die due to prolonged periods of sleep deprivation. It’s very difficult to discern whether other animals suffer from the same cognitive impairment that humans do whenever we lose sleep. It’s also difficult to tell if this problem shows itself in the form of sleepiness or fatigue like in humans.
Are There Animals That Do Not Sleep?
All animals, including insects, must sleep. Even lower animals with very little or even no brain sleep, although it’s in a much different way than humans and other mammals. These animals do exhibit periods of inactivity and less response to stimuli. Some research with fruit flies has shown that some of the same biochemical activity in the brain occurs as we see in humans during sleep. Evolution requires that all living things undergo some form of sleep in order to survive.
As you go through daily life, you use products and create some amount of waste that will inevitably end up in landfills. Aspiring to live a zero-waste lifestyle may not be attainable for most people, but you can take steps to reduce your waste production. Recycling household items is not only possible, but it can be surprisingly easy. Learn how to recycle household items such as mattresses, kitchen gear, electronics, and batteries to help contribute to a greener planet.
Mattresses and Box Springs
A mattress and box spring are made out of recyclable materials, including fabric, wires, and paper. Many communities offer recycling of mattresses as a part of their services. However, not every city will pick up your mattress. Check with your local municipality to find out about mattress recycling. You may also be able to recycle a used mattress with a retailer after buying a new mattress.
Recycling batteries is important to ensure that hazardous chemicals don’t sit in landfills. One way to reduce battery consumption is to use reusable batteries instead of disposable ones. If you do have batteries to dispose of, follow guidelines carefully. For example, automotive batteries can’t be discarded in landfills due to the toxic chemicals they contain. Check with local retailers or your local trash hauler about battery collection programs.
When you have old computers or other electronic gadgets to discard, follow local rules for disposing of them so they don’t sit in landfills. Often, you can return them to the manufacturer for recycling. You might also wipe their memory clean and donate them to a charitable organization so others can use them. If your equipment is broken, instead of throwing it away, donate it to an organization that will fix these items and distribute them to people who need them. Cell phone companies will often accept used cell phones as a part of cell phone recycling programs. Apple devices can also be traded in for credit toward a new device. If an item isn’t eligible for trade-in, you can still recycle it with Apple.
Kitchen Accessories and Appliances
Small kitchen appliances may be recyclable in some communities, either curbside or at drop-off centers. Appliances that are made up of mostly steel will often be recyclable. Empty glass jars that held food are usually recyclable. Rinse them to remove excess food residue, remove metal lids, and recycle them with other glass items. Recycle the metal lids with other metal recyclables. Recycle old metal flatware with other scrap metal items. Recycle milk cartons with plastics or paper, according to local recycling rules. Old cookware can often be recycled along with scrap metal.
Empty Cleaning Products
Plastic containers holding soap and cleaning products are usually recyclable. Place these items into a bin with other plastics. Plastic soap dispensers with pumps are also recyclable. Containers made of metal and cardboard are usually recyclable if you remove the metal ends of the cans to recycle with metal items and place the cardboard into a bin for paper recyclables.
Makeup and Deodorant Sticks
Makeup has a shelf life, but throwing these chemicals into the trash isn’t good for the environment. Check with manufacturers about recommended disposal of their products, and ask about trade-in programs. The plastic container that holds deodorant or antiperspirant may not be completely recyclable, as the dial that moves the product up or down in the container may be made out of a plastic polymer that’s not recyclable. You can find out about the plastic in your product by looking on the bottom of the item. You can also look for products that specifically indicate that the entire container is recyclable.
Mirrors aren’t recyclable in most cases because they contain chemicals that prevent them from mixing with glass. Check with your municipality for proper disposal methods. Try donating used mirrors to secondhand shops. If a mirror is broken, place the pieces in a paper bag to dispose of them.
For years, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has been a common treatment for insomnia. Now, a new study says the therapy could be just as effective when the therapist and patient aren’t in the same room.
Researchers at the University of Ann Arbor found that telemedicine sessions were as effective in treating insomnia as in-person therapy sessions. What’s more, patients bonded with their online therapists just as much as in-person therapists.
We spoke with, Dr. Judi Cinéas, a psychotherapist who was not affiliated with the study. “Telemedicine still provides a medium for face-to-face interaction, it just reduces some of the inconveniences and barriers that have gotten in the way of some people accessing services in the past,” she told us. “CBT has been used to effectively treat clients for various diagnoses and the addition of telemedicine as a medium for service delivery only increases access and flexibility.”
We reached out to the study authors but have yet to hear back.
CBT And Insomnia
According to a recent study, nearly 25% of Americans struggle with acute insomnia every year. Some symptoms of insomnia are difficulty going to sleep, daytime sleepiness, and anxiety.
The National Sleep Foundation says that CBT-I (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia) consists of regular visits with a therapist who will assess your sleep quality. In addition, patients will often fill out a sleep diary.
Jennifer Funaro, a psychologist who specializes in treating insomnia said, “The active ingredients in treating insomnia are sleep restriction and stimulus control. Essentially, this requires limiting time in bed and trying to pair sleep with bed and bed with sleep.”
Marcos Mesa Sam Wordley/Shutterstock
While previous studies have shown the efficacy of CBT in treating insomnia, few have examined how effective remote telemedicine CBT sessions are in treating the disorder. So, researchers at the University of Michigan sought to compare the effectiveness of long-distance CBT sessions with in-person sessions in the treatment of insomnia.
The researcher performed two analyses. First, they examined a cohort of 30 subjects with chronic insomnia. The subjects participated in six CBT-I sessions, some in a “face-to-face” setting and some through AASM SleepTM, a telemedicine system from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.
All of the subjects kept a daily sleep diary and rated their levels of fatigue, depression, and daytime functioning before and after treatment.
The researchers found that teletherapy treatments yielded similar results as face-to-face treatments. Total sleep time increased for both groups and they all reported less fatigue, anxiety, and depressive symptoms.
The second analysis focused more on the relationship between patients and therapists. The researchers randomly assigned 38 subjects who suffer from chronic insomnia to either six face-to-face sessions or six telemedicine sessions.
Both groups gauged their agreement and bond with their therapist and also rated their therapist’s warmth and skill.
Again, the differences between the two groups were minute. Face-to-face therapists and remote therapists received similar scores in regard to warmth, skill, and “therapeutic alliance.”
“Studies that have looked at what the most essential factor for success in therapy have pointed to the therapeutic alliance,” said Andre Meistad, a cognitive behavioral therapist and founder of Sleepedy.com, a web-based app for treating insomnia using CBT.
He told us, “A good therapeutic alliance means that the person feels safe and above all has faith in the method. As a therapist, you have to convey confidence and that the method will work. This is pretty easy to do in CBT for insomnia because it’s amazingly effective compared to all other psychotherapies for all mental health disorders.”
The Benefits And Drawbacks Of Telemedicine
Cinéas explained to us that one of the main benefits of telemedicine is accessibility. “With remote sessions, clients don’t need to make the 15 to 30-minute drive to the provider’s office. They can just log in from where they are,” she said. “With the ease of access a client can report to their sessions while they are traveling or during a busy week at work where they may not be able to get 2+ hours away from the office but can find a way to squeeze an hour in.”
In addition, she told us that her patients often appear more relaxed when they are communicating via computer. “One difference that I have noticed is that clients seem a bit more comfortable when they are in their own environment,” Cinéas said. “For some, it is a bit weird at first as they navigate the difference from what they expected when they first thought of counseling, but once they settle into it they seem more comfortable.”
However, while accessibility is a definite upside to telemedicine, Funaro told us that there are few things therapists have to consider when recommending this form of therapy. Considerations include:
To teletherapy an appropriate fit for the client (especially those prone to self-injury or other risky behaviors)?
Therapists can only practice within the state in which they are licensed. So they are not able to treat everyone just because they can reach everyone by teletherapy.
There are some nonverbal or body cues that a therapist may miss because we only see a limited picture of the client.
Funaro said it is all about what is best for the client. “As a psychologist, it is my first priority to create a safe, empathetic, and trusting environment for each client,” she said. “Sometimes that means I am able to provide teletherapy and other times that means that teletherapy is not the right modality to best help the client.”
Researchers say “recreational” marijuana users may be purchasing weed as an alternative to over-the-counter sleep and pain medications.
Using customer feedback survey data from two Colorado retail stores tied to a cannabis dispensary, experts from The Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York and University of Miami Miller School of Medicine say a significant percentage of customers purchase cannabis as a way to help them sleep better and reduce pain.
Of the 1,000 adult respondents of the survey, 74% reported using marijuana to help them sleep and 65% reported taking it for pain. All respondents were over the age of 21 and purchased the cannabis as “recreational” users and without a medical certification.
“There have been a number of articles written about medical cannabis patients; this is the first one about adult use,” study author Dr. Gwen Wurm told Mattress Clarity. “As purchasers of cannabis, we believed this would give us insight into a current use population.”
Marijuana As A Sleep Aid
Around 68% of survey respondents who used cannabis to help them sleep said they used it daily.
Within the group of survey respondents who reported taking over-the-counter sleep aids, 87% said they reduced or stopped using their medication. Among the group that was taking prescription sleep aids, 83% reported reducing or stopping their prescribed medication.
In addition, the survey asked respondents to rate how helpful cannabis was to aid their sleep. Approximately 83% of the respondents reported using cannabis to fall asleep to be “very helpful” or “extremely helpful.”
Wurm says the high percentage of respondents who reported finding marijuana “extremely helpful” in aiding their sleep is not surprising.
“The medical cannabis observation studies have shown this to be true,” she told us. “Lots of anecdotal info on websites also discuss sleep. This was our way of putting some numbers to a self-selected adult-use population.”
Other research offers insights into why people might seek cannabis for better sleep.
“Past studies show that both ingestion and inhalation of cannabis high in THC reduces REM sleep time, which for most, will reduce nightmares and other disturbances that wake us,” Mike Robinson, founder of the Global Cannabinoid Research Center in California, told Mattress Clarity. Robinson is unaffiliated with the study.
“The analgesic properties of THC and CBD both often hit the core symptoms that keep us awake,” says Robinson. “Most insomniacs have an underlying illness or pain, either physical or emotional, that keeps them awake.”
The limited population and self-selected nature of the survey make the results difficult to generalize for a larger population, the study authors told us.
“Respondents who had specific experiences or opinions may have been more likely to respond than those who did not,” researchers concluded in their study.
They also pointed out that the dispensary organization did not collect information on the number of customers approached or the survey response rate, and they did not have demographic or other information about the overall pool of adult-use customers that visit the dispensary organization.
Because of these limitations, the study authors say they do not know if survey respondents were a representative sample. “People coming to a cannabis dispensary may be more likely to get the effect they want,” Wurm told us.
Others in the field appear to agree.
“Although I’m skeptical about a study that utilized store clerks to gain consumer input on a survey, as a cannabinoid medicine researcher, I personally use extracts to help me sleep,” Robinson told us.
“I believe this peer-reviewed research is very legitimate,” he told us. “But keep in mind these are cannabis patients that already had experience in getting to sleep using it. I strongly believe if this was a random group the response would be different.”
Ten states have legalized the use of marijuana for recreational purposes. Effective January 2020, Illinois will become the eleventh state to join the group.
However, marijuana use is still illegal under federal law. The federal government has ruled cannabis as a “Schedule 1″ drug. Drugs in this category are defined as “drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse.” Also included in this list are LSD and Ecstasy.
“We need placebo-controlled studies with a general population to find out how many people will experience a positive effect in regards to sleep,” Wurm told us. Due to federal regulations around marijuana use, this type of study is not possible at this time, she said.
The research results were published in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.
When we keep our pillows clean and fluffed, it ensures we’re getting the most out of our investment.
Pillows work hard to keep our head, neck, and spine in neutral alignment so we wake up feeling refreshed and ready to tackle the day. It’s important to take good care of our pillows so they continue to deliver.
Cleaning your pillow doesn’t have to be difficult. But you should do your research before tossing it straight into the washer.
You should read the care instructions that are often found on the tag attached to your pillow and follow them as closely as possible. The makers of your pillow know the best way to keep it in good shape.
If your tag is gone or you can’t find the instructions, send me a message and I’ll try to help. If it’s a total mystery, stick to spot-cleaning and avoid machine washing at the risk of ruining your pillow.
The bottom line is that your pillow (as long as it’s still in decent shape) can be cleaned and should be cleaned.
If the pillow cannot be saved, don’t worry! We’ve reviewed a lot of pillows and we’ve put together a list of our favorite ones.
Check out the video below or keep scrolling for step-by-step instructions on how to clean your pillow by spot-cleaning it or washing it in the washer and dryer.
How To ACTUALLY Wash Dirty Pillows (Step-By-Step Guide!) - YouTube
Don’t feel like watching a video right now? No problem! Scroll down and we’ll walk you through how to spot-clean your pillow, how to wash it in the washer and dryer, and how to bleach it to get those tough stains out!
How To Spot Clean
Grab Your Supplies
The three main things you’ll need when spot-cleaning your pillow are a clean cloth, mild detergent, and some water.
If you have some particularly bad stains, you may need a stain remover as well.
Wet Area With Damp Cloth
Take your damp cloth and gently rub the dirty area of your pillow. This should loosen up some of the dirt and get it ready for the detergent.
Add Mild Detergent To Cloth
Dip your cloth into a small amount of mild detergent and use the cloth to gently rub the dirty area and clean it as best as possible.
Use Your Stain Remover
If you aren’t seeing any changes to your pillow, consider adding a little bit of stain remover and leave it to do its magic before coming back with a damp cloth.
Remove Excess Detergent
Take another section of dampened cloth and rub the cleaned area again to remove any excess detergent or stain remover.
Let The Pillow Air Dry
Once the pillow has been spot-cleaned by hand, place it by an open window or a well-ventilated area where it can dry fully.
How To Machine Wash & Dry
Pour Delicate Detergent Into Washer
Add a mild detergent to your washing machine. If you’re washing the pillow by itself, use only a small amount of detergent. If you’re using a top-loading washer, consider adding something else into the load to balance it and avoid potentially damaging your pillow.
Turn It On A Gentle Cycle
If your pillow has a removable cover, unzip it and take it off before washing to help both the cover and filling get as clean as possible.
More likely than not, the care instructions on your pillow will say to do a gentle wash and dry, so use a delicate washer setting whenever possible.
The water temperature should be either cool or warm.
Use “Drain & Spin” Cycle
The more moisture you can get out of your pillow in the washer, the faster it will dry when you transfer it to the dryer.
To help remove some of the excess water, put your washer on a “drain and spin” setting. This will help pull water out of the pillow after it’s been cleaned.
Dry The Pillow
When the pillow cover and filling are ready to go into the dryer, place a tennis ball in a tube sock and add this to the dryer along with the pillow.
The tennis ball in the tube sock will bounce around inside the dryer and gently push on the pillow, breaking up any filling and helping it to dry as efficiently as possible.
Set the heat on a lower heat setting so you don’t potentially burn the pillow.
Depending on the filling material, it may take several cycles to get your pillow fully dry.
How To Use Bleach To Remove The Tough Stains
Grab Your Bleach
You can give your pillowcase a quick bleach soak using a bucket or tub, a measuring spoon, water, and (obviously) some bleach.
Add Bleach To Bucket Of Cool Water
You’ll want to use 1/4 of a cup of Clorox® (or bleach of your choice) and one gallon of cool water.
Soak For 5-10 minutes
Let the pillowcase soak submerged in the bucket for around 10 minutes.
Squeeze Out Water
Once the soak is done, rinse the pillowcase out with cool water from the sink. Then squeeze or ring out the pillowcase so it’s as dry as possible and then throw it in the dryer to finish it off.