Starting seeds indoors can be a futile effort for some, however, with some indoor seed starting tips revealed in this post, I hope to show you how you may save the lives of hundreds of seedlings.
I have been there and done that. Because of much trial and error, I’ve improved my success rate dramatically by finding the right formulas.
Choose Your Seeds
The perfect place to start. Decide here and now what you want to grow and when is the right time to start growing.
There is a wealth of information on the back of every seed packet. The first thing you should look at is the garden zone you are in and what is the recommended growing ‘window’ you should be shooting for.
Most packets will give you information on how long it will take the seeds to germinate, and even if they are expected to survive transplanting. Some plants do not like that part, preferring to go straight into the ground they are going to spend their lives in.
Follow instructions and keep that packet for as long as you keep the plant. You never know when you might have to refer back to it.
The Indoor Lighting Effect
First and foremost it is important to understand that if seedlings do not get enough light, you will doom them to failure. And if you are starting seeds indoors, even that south facing window sill will not get it done.
They need much more. Plus some. Without it, you may see germination, however, you will not be seeing anything that resembles a healthy plant going forward.
With proper lighting, all you need to start is a predetermined space in your house or garage. You will need some shelving and the all-important nearby electrical outlet.
The shelving may be fixed while the lighting should be adjustable so as to be raised as your seedlings start maturing. A simple 4-foot fluorescent fixture hung by S hooks and chains will do the job nicely. Start by hanging the fixture close to the seedlings and raise as needed.
Controlled by a timer, you should have the lighting set for at least 15-17 hours per day. Some recommend using different bulbs such as one cool and one warm fluorescent bulb in the same fixture, however, try to find growers bulbs specifically for growing plants. They will give the proper light spectrum for better growth.
Growing Medium For Seed Starting
Despite the fact that they tend to dry out rather quickly, I like using peat pots to hold a good quality seed starting soil.
Transplanting seedlings to the ground is a potential nightmare if you have to remove the seedling from a pot before you insert them into the ground. There is less of a chance to damage the fragile seedling and the shock of transplanting is non-existent.
Place the peat pots in a shallow tray each one filled with a good sterile potting mix that is available from your favorite big box store or nursery.
Having water in the tray will keep those pots from drying out.
The Jiffy Company makes not only peat pots but also a fine seed starting medium that I have found quite reliable and inexpensive.I am also in love with their peat pellets.
Food For The Seedlings
For this part, I prefer an organic fertilizer. It is so easy to burn seedling up by the use of harsh chemical fertilizers, and the mistake of overdoing such as ‘if one teaspoon is good, two is better’.
it is really difficult to burn up a plant with an organic fertilizer such as a fish emulsion.
Apply some food after the seedlings start showing some maturity. And do not over-do-it.
Fooling Mother Nature
You are already tricking nature with that artificial light, however, there is more to the outside elements than just light. And that stagnant air in your basement is not fooling anyone especially those new plants you are trying to grow.
Try setting up a small fan to blow some fake wind across those young leaves. Set at low speed, you will not only help strengthen the seedlings, you will also blow some of the dust off the young leaves.
Just remember not to over-do-it and keep a watchful eye out in the moisture department. Moving air will dry out the soil a little more quickly.
When it comes to indoor seed starting tips there is always more than one or two ways to get growing.
Some gardeners are old school DIY make do with what they have approach. The homemade setups that involve old yogurt cups, old shop lights and some leftover shelving from another project.
Some go all out high tech with sophisticated grow lights, heating cables, hydroponic starters, and all kinds of other equipment you can find online or in your favorite big box store or nursery.
Me? I fall into both camps.I like the challenge of finding what I may reuse in the garage, and what kind of new gadget is out there to maybe cheat the system (mother nature) a little bit.
Just remember to have fun. It is not rocket science. Although some of the things out there for seed starting sure looks like its been over-engineered to the ‘9th degree’.
And one last indoor seed starting tip, and one important one. Eventually, those seedlings are going to go outside. They should be hardened off if you live in a cold climate so as to acclimate the seedling to the outside environment.
Landfills that add to the pollution of groundwater, and takes up a tremendous amount of real estate. They also emit methane gas that contributes to global warming, and do I have to tell you about the smell?
Just by doing the simple process of recycling and doing some easy home composting you will be doing your part in your little corner of the world to help the environment.
It is not a hard or difficult habit to get into.
Let us get started.
Home Composting Systems To Check Out
Some municipalities may help you obtain a composting bin at no charge.
Most big box home improvement stores will also provide some sort of composting device for you to purchase if one is not available from your municipality.
Or for very little or no cost, you may construct one for yourself.
The three most important things a compost project needs is an area to build one, air, and a little moisture.
Find a place in the yard where you have at least a square yard to commit to this project. Do not have this area so far away that it will become a ‘chore’ to bring out those food scraps. Make it easy for yourself.
There are also countertop devices for the apartment dwellers.
Do not worry, if done correctly, there will be no offensive odors coming from your composting project.
Regardless in-house or outside.
Home composting systems may be made out of anything, such as an old garbage can, a square area of built-up cinder blocks, a circular area of chicken fencing.
Once you have your space, you may start filling it up.
It is best to start with a good base such as grass clippings, leaves and small branches. Then follow with kitchen scraps such as coffee grounds, eggshells, leftover leafy greens, and peelings. Leftover rice, bread, etc.
You get the idea.
Do not add proteins such as dairy and meat.
If there is no rain, or you have an enclosed device, you should add a little water to it to get the process going.
And remember I mentioned air? It must be turned time to time to add the all-important air to infiltrate the goods. Organisms that will be breaking down the scraps need to breathe.
You will need to do the turning at least once a month.
In no time you will be amazed how all those scraps become a dark, rich, nutrient-laden additive that you may use to fertilize your plants and improve the quality of your soil around the house.
Beyond Composting for the Environment
Helping the environment goes beyond just home composting systems. In addition to providing compost for your garden, you can also help out and possibly save some money by the ways you fix and repair rather than just toss out to the street in a general garbage can.
Start by making sure you have recycling bins from the local pickup company. Almost all municipalities and companies provide these for you at no cost. And as mentioned before, maybe even a free composting bin.
Old car batteries should be traded in when buying a new one. This will save you some cash. Aluminum cans and replaced construction material can be recycled and turned into cash by bringing it to a metal recycler if one is close by.
The hardest thing about recycling is that it needs to be something that becomes a habit
that becomes a part of your life.
Every time you throw a soda can into the trash, pick it back up, rinse it out, and put it in the recycling bin instead.
Make this habit a part of your daily life.
Your garden and the environment will be very grateful!