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Working as a Royal Navy Officer is one of the most rewarding and respected careers within the British Armed Forces. However, as you might expect, it’s a pretty tough job to get! You’ll have to pass a tough royal navy recruitment test, plus physical exercises, and extra assessments. One of these exercises is the Admiralty Interview Board. In this blog, we’ll take you through one of the most essential parts of the royal navy recruitment test board, for officers – the Biographical Questionnaire.
What is the AIB Biographical Questionnaire?
Before you arrive at the AIB you will be sent a royal navy recruitment test questionnaire to complete. This is used to inform the interviewers and to provide initial evidence; it is important that you complete this form as fully and accurately as possible. This is your chance to “blow your own trumpet” so to speak. Make sure you put yourself across in a positive manner and let them know about your achievements to date and anything else that you are currently involved in. Put yourself in the position of the assessors. If you were assessing candidates for such an important role, with such a huge amount of responsibility, what type of things would you look for? What would impress you, and what would deter you? What would you consider a good answer, in a royal navy recruitment test?
In order to assist you during your royal navy recruitment test preparation, we have provided you with sample responses to a number of the biographical questionnaire questions.
Royal Navy Recruitment Test Responses
1. Briefly describe why you wish to become an officer in the RN, RM or RFA.
There are lots of reasons for why I would like to join the Royal Navy, but my primary motivation is the sense of achievement that working for the Navy would bring me. I am always someone who is looking to better himself, and accomplish the highest goals, and I believe that working in the Navy would provide me with the perfect platform to do this. Having conducted extensive research, I’m incredibly impressed by the work ethic and camaraderie of service personnel. I am someone who loves to work as part of a team, and I want to make use of my past experience as a leader in order to train and motivate other people. I want to contribute to and support the work of our nation’s service personnel. I believe that my personal ethos, one of integrity, respect, professionalism and commitment to the greater good, matches up perfectly with the values of the Royal Navy, and this makes me the ideal fit for your organisation.
2. Describe a time when you have been in charge of a project or have had to lead a team, and what you did.
In my previous position, I worked as a business administrator for a technology company in London. When my manager left the company, I was required to act in his role, on a temporary basis. It was my responsibility to maintain all services within the company until a new manager was appointed. My priorities were: delegation, communication and motivation.
I knew that I needed to take immediate action, to ensure everyone was on the same page. In order to do this, I set up and led a monthly meeting for all of the supervisors, as well as a weekly contact with each employee within my team. I appointed one of the supervisors to act as the point of contact for all members of staff in case they needed support during the interim period. I asked each of the other supervisors to take responsibility for organising elements of their own team and stated that I would be the point of contact for them if they needed advice, guidance or assistance. Once this new administrative system was in place, my priority was to motivate the supervisors and staff, especially during setbacks.
The end result of this was that the department ran extremely efficiently during my time in charge, and eventually I was asked to take on the role full time. Everyone in the department said that they were extremely impressed by my ability to lead, with such short-notice, and were happy with the appointment.
3. Describe a time when you have been part of a team, including details of your own role within that team.
In 2008 I was one of four crew onboard a 48-foot yacht, sailing from the Azores to Plymouth. None of us had previously sailed offshore for such a distance, nor had we previously met each other. The skipper divided us into two groups so that we could ‘hot bunk’ the berths and we worked watches day and night. The four crews shared on a rota basis the responsibilities of: navigation, sail trimming, keeping watch, helming, weather forecasting, washing up, cleaning cabins, the galley and the heads. The weather varied from relatively no wind to Force 9, gusting Force 10, during which I was the only crew who volunteered to helm. I’d recently passed the RYA Ocean Yacht master course (theory) so was able to practice some astronavigation.
On my part, I worked diligently to ensure that I played an essential role in the team. I took steps to ensure that I was completing each and every task to the maximum level of efficiency. When I had completed my tasks, I took steps to encourage and support the other members of the team, doing what I could to assist them. I was anxious to try and learn as much as I could during this trip, as I am always looking to improve, and therefore I specifically asked the skipper to train me in as many areas possible – to which he happily obliged.
By the end of the trip, I am happy to say that I was a much more capable seaman, and had experienced working in almost every necessary area onboard the yacht. I really enjoyed this experience.
4. Describe a time when you have set yourself a challenging goal or target and endeavoured to achieve it, including information on the outcome.
In 2006 I decided that I wanted to raise money for a local charity. The aim was to raise £10,000 in total. In order to achieve this, I set myself the challenge of completing an iron-man challenge which included swimming 2 kilometres, running a marathon before finally cycling 120 miles, all in one day.
In order to achieve this, I knew that I would have to put a detailed plan in place. Although I have always been a fit and active person, this was no ordinary challenge, and I would have to prepare to the fullest if I wanted to succeed. I started out by planning my training routine. I decided that I would need 6 months to complete the task. I purchased a wall calendar and filled in my plan for each day, then put this up on my fridge. This meant that every day when I walked into the kitchen, I would see the plan, and feel motivated to keep pushing and get myself into shape.
I gradually increased my distances over time and ensured that I ate healthily and avoided alcohol/junk food in the build up to my challenge. Whilst training, I also took control of fundraising, writing to large local companies requesting sponsorship. In my letters, I told them all about the cause and why it was so important to me, and also highlighted my determination to succeed in this endeavour.
The end result was that I completed the challenge in 9 hours and 43 minutes, raising £10,784 in the process for a local children’s charity. The charity were thrilled with this, and commended me for my efforts.
If you are considering a career Offshore, then you might be thinking of becoming a roustabout. In this blog, we’ll take a look at what a roustabout actually is, and how to understand online roustabout job descriptions
What is a Roustabout?
Roustabout is the most general, entry-level position on a rig. Roustabouts are generally expected to perform basic tasks, which are essential for keeping the installation in working order. This includes tasks such as:
Keeping the drilling area clean and tidy.
Assisting other crew members with tasks.
Helping crane operators.
Roustabouts play a really important role on offshore rigs, and things wouldn’t be able to function without them. However, working as a roustabout is seriously demanding. Physically, you will be pushed to the limits, and you’ll need to work in a variety of weather conditions, plus you must be able to deal with heights. If you are applying for roustabout jobs online, make sure you take this into account.
Applying For Roustabout Jobs
Most of the time, your application for roustabout jobs will be done online. A quick google search should bring you up a variety of roustabout jobs to apply for, whether you are a specialist looking to join the drill or engineering team, or using roustabout jobs as a starting point.
Below we’ve provided you with a sample roustabout application job description. However, the tips contained here will be useful for any person looking to join an offshore rig.
Sample Job Application
Job Position: Roustabout Wage: £19,000 per year. Start date: Two-weeks induction, starting 09/10/18, followed by immediate transferal to offshore facility. Company Ethos and Philosophy
Derick Matthews Drilling is a national leader in deepwater drilling. We are a highly respected company, looking to employ a number of roustabouts for an offshore facility – located in the North Sea. As a company, we carry out contracted drilling work, with the aim of solving national deepwater issues. Derick Matthews Drilling plays a leading role in sustaining the environment, and protecting the natural world.
Roustabouts play an essential role on our facilities, and we are dedicated to providing all staff with as much training as possible, to ensure that they are as skilled as possible. Roustabouts will work on a three-week shift pattern, followed by two-weeks on shore, and so forth. Derick Matthews Drilling will provide entry-level roustabout job candidates with BOSIET training, during an induction period.
As a roustabout onboard our facility, your primary responsibilities will be as follows:
Acting as a crucial member of the roustabout crew, and reporting to your Team Leader.
Adhering to the company health, safety and quality policies, and helping your colleagues to do the same. Derick Matthews drilling staff members must adhere to the company’s environmental policy, at all times.
Monitoring hazards whilst onboard the facility and reporting these to the relevant persons – your team leader or other senior staff.
Assisting mechanics and engineers with machine maintenance, such as carrying out daily checks on drilling equipment and cranes.
Ensuring that all work is performed to the standards laid out by the Derick Matthews training manual, and via our established quality assurance system – Derick Matthews Quality Assurance (D.M.Q.A).
Working with your colleagues to provide a safe working environment for specialist drillers, and performing routine tasks, such as pulling, lifting, and carrying.
Participating in safety-training and quality assurance exercises, on a weekly basis.
Other Responsibilities include:
Communicating effectively and efficiently with other crew members and team leaders.
Working in a way which shows the highest possible regard for the safety of everyone onboard the facility.
Assisting with tasks such as anchor handling, and deck work, including carrying out construction and repair operations, inventory preparation, safety assessment, and protective coat maintenance.
Derick Matthews drilling roustabouts are expected to act as a key part of the facility emergency response team, and therefore you can expect sustained training if successful.
In order to be valid for roustabout jobs selection, you must adhere to the following:
You must have legal rights to work within Britain/The United Kingdom, without any restrictions.
You must be comfortable working away from home for periods of 18 days or more.
You must be able to show a valid UK passport.
You must be able to show evidence of MIST certification.
You must be able to provide evidence that you have passed an OGUK Offshore Medical within the past two years.
Candidates will need to complete an online application form, pass a telephone interview, and then attend an interview at our HQ – in London. There will also be an online roustabout situational judgement test.
How To Look At This
Okay, so, now you’ve looked at a sample offshore roustabout jobs application form, you need to establish how this can be broken down. Obviously, there’s quite a huge amount of information here which needs to be considered, so it’s important that you can break down this information and separate out the most important bits. Once you do this, you start to hone in on what matters most to the employer, and start using this information in your job application answers and interview.
Let’s start by looking at the company ethos and philosophy:
Derick Matthews drilling is a national leader in deepwater drilling. We are a highly respected company, looking to employ a number of roustabouts for an offshore facility – located in the North Sea. As a company, we carry out contracted drilling work, with the aim of solving national deepwater issues. Derick Matthews drilling plays a leading role in sustaining the environment, and protecting the natural world. Roustabouts play an essential role on our facilities, and we are dedicated to providing all staff with as much training as possible, to ensure that they are as skilled as possible.
Roustabouts will work on a three-week shift pattern, followed by two-weeks on shore, and so forth. Derick Matthews Drilling will provide entry-level roustabouts with BOSIET training, during an induction period.
Breaking It Down
As you can see, above we’ve highlighted certain parts. These parts all contain essential information, which can be used later in the process. Here’s how:
‘National leader’ ‘Highly respected company’ – When you are responding to roustabout application form and interview questions, you should definitely make reference to the company’s reputation.
‘With the aim of solving national deepwater issues’ ‘Sustaining the environmental and protecting the natural world’ – This is another essential piece of information, and can be used in the interview and application form responses. Obviously you should always be truthful with your employer, but if you really care and are passionate about the environment then this is a great way to link your own moral values with theirs. Companies want to employ people who are passionate about the same things as them, and who share their moral standards and values.
‘We are dedicated to providing all staff with as much training as possible, to ensure that they are as skilled as possible.’ – This shows that the company are looking for employees who are willing to train and improve their skills whilst working on the offshore facility.
Therefore, this is a quality about yourself that you should really try and push. Now, let’s look at the key responsibilities. See if you can take the same approach as above, and then have a look at our list to compare:
‘Acting as a crucial member of the roustabout crew’ – This shows that you need teamwork skills, one of the core competencies.
‘Adhering to the company health, safety and quality policies, and helping your colleagues to do the same’ – You’ll notice that this job description emphasises health and safety on several occasions. As we’ve already explained, health and safety is absolutely vital when working on an offshore rig, so it’s understandable that the company want someone with an appreciation for this.
‘Monitoring hazards whilst onboard the facility and reporting these to the relevant persons – your team leader or other senior staff’ – This relates to the core competencies of communication and organisation.
‘Assisting mechanics and engineers with machine maintenance’ – This relates to the core competency of mechanical knowledge.
‘Working with your colleagues to provide a safe working environment for specialist drillers, and performing routine tasks, such as pulling, lifting, and carrying’ – This relates to the core competencies of physical fitness and discipline.
As you can see, a wide range of competencies have been covered here. All of these are important things to remember when it comes to the roustabout job application and interview questions!
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If you’re studying at school or university and have dyslexia, you might find it difficult. So, we’ve created a step-by-step plan for students writing assignments with dyslexia.
Step 1 – Write Down Ideas – Writing Assignments With Dyslexia
Before collecting your research or making notes, it’s time to get your initial thoughts about the question out in the open.
The first thing you should do is start writing down whatever comes to your mind in no particular order – things related to the question, of course! There will be time to organise these thoughts later, so don’t worry about making them too coherent or tidy. Just get your thoughts on paper or typed up.
Step 2 – Write a Rough Plan – Writing Assignments With Dyslexia
Now’s the time to organise the thoughts you’ve made into a rough plan. This won’t be the final plan that you follow for the entire project – just a loose one to help you gather your thoughts for the research stage.
If you’re writing an essay, try to construct a paragraph-by-paragraph plan in this stage. At the very least, you should have a good idea of what the sections of the essay or project are, and how they link together.
Step 3 – Gather and Conduct Research – Writing Assignments With Dyslexia
In this stage, you’ll spend most of your time reading, working with others, or doing practical work so that you have something to support your assignment with. The exact nature of the research will depend on the subject and module that your assignment is in.
Step 4 – Create a Fleshed-out Plan Based on Research – Writing Assignments With Dyslexia
Once you’ve got all of your research together, you now need to apply it to your plan. If you’re writing an essay, you want to look for anywhere in your plan where you’ve made some kind of claim. Add relevant evidence from your sources here, so that everything you’re going to write in your essay is supported.
If you’re doing some other kind of assignment, such as a write-up based on lab work, your entire piece will centre around your research. Again, include evidence from your own research to your plan where relevant, so your argument is well-supported.
To make things easier, try to make a note of all the page numbers and locations of everything you’re citing in your work. This will save you from having to trawl through all your sources looking for the exact line and page where you got your evidence from.
Step 5 – Write the Assignment – Writing Assignments With Dyslexia
Now that you’ve got a full and fleshed-out plan, it’s time to write the first draft. If you’ve taken your planning seriously, you shouldn’t need to refer to any of your sources here – just follow each point of your plan, turning the bullet points and other short notes into full sentences.
If you’ve already made a full plan, this stage shouldn’t take long at all. The key is to follow your plan as much as possible, and turn a series of notes into a coherent, eloquent piece of writing.
Conclusion – Writing Assignments With Dyslexia
You now have an idea of how to plan the first half of your assignment. However, there’s still a lot more to do, such as proofreading and referencing. Check back here later this week for the next 5 steps for writing assignments with dyslexia. For more information on how to study with dyslexia, check out our guide: How to Study with Dyslexia.
If you have dyslexia, then there are many methods that you can employ to assist your reading, with considerations to make before you start a reading task, during a reading task, and indeed afterwards. So, let’s get straight into discussing what you should do before you go about reading something for your studies.
Before You Start Reading – Reading With Dyslexia
Make a Plan – Reading With Dyslexia
If you’ve been set a reading task, or you need to research something specific for an assignment, you may not think that you can make much of a plan beyond ‘read the content’. However, this is not the case. The plan you really need to make should be focused on minimising the amount you’re reading, i.e. simply avoiding what you don’t need to be reading. So, before you start reading specific sections of a piece of text, you need to look at it as a whole in order to get a sense of how useful it will be for your task.
For example, say you are writing an essay on the role of Trotsky in the Red Army’s victory over the White Army in the Russian Civil War. To research, you are reading a textbook on the Russian Civil War. Your first step should be to read the contents page carefully; it will give you lots of information. Depending on how well you know the subject, you may need to read an overview of the Civil War to nail down other key figures, dates, and events. Contents pages are also a good place to get a sense on the author’s attitude on people and events. Look for a sense
of progression throughout the chapter names – you may be able to tell which side of certain debates the author stands on without having trawled through thousands of words.
However, the main goal of looking at the contents pages are to find the sections on Trotsky. In doing so, you will have immediately ruled out many irrelevant sections that you do not need to spend time getting through.
Set Realistic Goals – Reading With Dyslexia
As touched upon earlier, you need to ascertain how long you can read academic texts for whilst maintaining maximum comprehension. This will vary from subject to subject, so you need to set realistic goals with each piece of reading you set out to do. This will be easier if you have timetabled well – you’ll have anticipated the tasks that take longer. However, this will be an ongoing process.
Continuing with the Trotsky example, once you have found relevant reading material about Trotsky, you will need to set more specific goals within the general goals you have
set for yourself in your timetable. Don’t be afraid to take regular breaks to help maintain focus. You may find that dipping in and out of texts and taking the ‘little and often’ approach brings about the best results. This is absolutely fine!
Dyslexia-Friendly Font – Reading With Dyslexia
Something to consider is the use of ‘dyslexia-friendly’ font, some of which are in the public domain and freely downloadable. The way they work is by making each letter look completely unique in shape and slant, in an attempt to minimise the chance of confusing them. This involves making their shapes different lengths and widths. Also, letters are presented to be thinner at the top and thicker at the bottom, as well as to be further apart within words.
While there is no conclusive research into such fonts, many people have spoken anecdotally about how they have helped to ease some common reading problems associated with dyslexia. However, this may not work for everyone. You can find out more about this at www.dyslexic.com/fonts/
Conclusion – Reading With Dyslexia
There you have it: some useful tips for improving your reading skills for an essay. If you want more tips and guidance on reading with dyslexia, and studying with dyslexia in general, check out our guide: How to Study With Dyslexia.
KS2 Biology is often considered the most enjoyable of the three sciences. However, it’s still tough to pass, and if you want to achieve top marks then you’ll need to make sure you are fully up versed in all areas of Biology – from the human body to plants, animals and insects. In this blog, we’ll be giving you a break down of how the body works, what digestion entails.
KS2 Biology: The Digestive Process
Stage 1 – Mouth and Teeth
The first stage of the digestion process takes place inside the mouth. Food enters the body via the mouth, and is then chewed up and swallowed using the teeth and tongue. Your incisors are thin and flat to cut food.
Humans only have four canines, which are sharp and pointy to hold and tear food. Animal carnivores (meat-eaters) have prominent canines to kill and eat meat. Molars are the big teeth towards the back of your mouth. They are large and wide in order to crush and grind food up.
Stage 2 – Oesophagus
After the food is swallowed, it travels down the oesophagus into the stomach. It’s a human’s food pipe.
Stage 3 – Stomach
Your food will stay in your stomach for about four hours, while it gets broken down into smaller and smaller pieces by strong muscles and powerful juices.
Stage 4 – Small Intestine
Now that your food is in a ‘liquidy’ state, it travels to the small intestine where it is broken down even more. This is where the nutrients from your food are absorbed into your bloodstream!
Stage 5 – Large Intestine
Now, whatever’s left (waste) passes into your large intestine. Here, water is absorbed, which means the remains of your food gets drier and drier until it becomes – you guessed it – poo!
Stage 6 – Rectum
After the intestines have finished absorbing all that they can from your food, all that is left is waste. This waste (poo) eventually travels to the rectum, where it stays until it is pushed out through the anus. This happens when you go to the toilet!
The Human Skeleton
The skeleton plays three main roles in the body:
1. Supports your entire body.
2. Protects vulnerable areas of your body.
3. Allows your body to move!
Skull – The skull protects the organ that controls everything – the brain.
Ribcage – The ribcage (made up of ribs) protects the heart and lungs. Humans have 24 ribs – 12 on each side.
Spine – The spine (backbone) protects the spinal nerve, which is vital for movement.
The pelvis supports our spine and abdomen, as well as our legs. A woman’s pelvis develops to be wider than a man’s in preparation for having a baby.
Joints and Muscles
While your skeleton gives your body shape and support, muscles and joints allow your body to move. Your joints are found between many of your bones to join them together and enable you to flex and move. When your skeleton moves, your joints and muscles are put to work. Joints are what join your muscles to your bones – they make it possible for the movement of your muscles to have an effect on your skeleton.
Muscles always work in pairs. While one muscle is active, it contracts, pulling the bone in one direction, while the corresponding muscle stays relaxed. For the opposite movement to be made, (e.g. to place your arms down by either side of your body), one muscle will contract, and the other will relax.
Your organs all do different jobs and are constantly working, even while you are asleep. While the brain controls all functions of the body, all of these organs listed below are vital for human survival, so it is very difficult to say which of the organs shown below is the most important:
Brain – The brain is the body’s control centre – it sends signals to the rest of your body. This makes your body parts do what they need to do. The brain is also responsible for thoughts, memories and emotions.
Lungs – The lungs are the squishy sacs where air goes when you breathe in. From this air, your lungs absorb vital oxygen, which they deliver to your bloodstream.
Heart – The heart delivers blood, which carries oxygen and nutrients everywhere around your body.
Liver – The liver does several extremely important things for your body. Firstly, it helps to clean your blood of toxins and absorb nutrients. It also produces bile, which is important for digesting fatty foods. That’s not all – the liver can even store and release extra energy for you if you get too tired!
Kidneys – Your kidneys remove waste products and excess water from your bloodstream, and turn them into urine (wee). It also removes outside things that could be harmful to your body. When blood enters the kidneys, the waste products are filtered out and sent to the bladder as urine.
Bladder – Your bladder is where the waste products from your bloodstream (urine) are stored by your body. Urine collects here until it becomes too full, which is when you start to feel the uncomfortable sensation of needing the toilet!
Skin – Your skin is an organ, and the largest of all. It protects your body from outside harm, prevents things from leaking out of your body, and gives you a sense of touch.
The Circulatory System
The circulatory system is your body’s way of transporting blood to everywhere that needs it. The most important organ in the circulatory system is the heart, which pumps blood everywhere in your body. It is able to do this because it is basically one big muscle – it’s incredibly powerful. Blood travels within arteries, veins and capillaries.
Puberty – The development from childhood to adulthood that humans go through, approximately between the ages of 10-18. During puberty, girls’ bodies and boys’ bodies change dramatically. Some
changes happen to girls AND boys, some ONLY happen to girls, and some ONLY happen to boys. See below for the breakdown:
Boys’ and girls’ bodies:
Adolescents of both genders will grow in height;
Body hair will start to grow;
Bodies will start to sweat more;
Acne (spots) will likely start to emerge.
Just girls’ bodies
Breasts begin to develop;
Girls will begin to have their first periods – ovaries start to release eggs into the womb.
Just boys’ bodies
Testicles begin to produce sperm;
Boys’ voices become much deeper (girls’ voices also become lower, but not as much as boys).
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If you’ve found this blog interesting or helpful, then you’ll be pleased to know that we have a fantastic product available specifically designed to help you pass KS2 Biology. This book is jam packed with top tips and study material. So, don’t hang around. Grab your copy of our KS2 Biology guide today!
Attending an assessment centre is often part of the selection process, particularly if you are planning to apply to the AFP. So, if you must attend an assessment centre, prepare yourself for a long day by getting plenty of sleep the night before. So, take good care of your health beforehand as well.
Be sure to get everything ready the day before you must leave to attend the assessment centre. You will be given a complete list of items to bring with you. This might include different documents and different types of clothing. So, prepare in advance and double-check everything on your list to ensure that you do not forget anything. It will reduce your initial stress level. Do not bring anything listed as “prohibited” to the test site with you.
Assessment Centre Techniques – How to Pass the Australian Police Officer Tests
A number of assessment techniques will be presented in a structured combination that allows for fairly quick, yet completely comprehensive assessment of each candidate. During the assessment process, you will very likely be interviewed. You’ll also participate in written exercises. You may also participate in group discussions, along with individual presentations and psychological testing.
Once the assessment centre process has been completed, you will be advised of whether you are progressing to the next stage or not. If you are unsuccessful at assessment centre testing, you may re-apply during the next intake period.
Whether you attend an assessment day or an assessment centre, or if your tests take place over a more extended period of time, it is very important to remember to relax, breathe easy, and just be the very best version of “you” that you can be. The tests are specifically designed to physically, mentally, and emotionally elevate your stress levels so that officials can select the candidates who are best suited for the job of police officer. Reminding yourself of this fact can be helpful, and so can the following tips for each type of test.
Passing Written Tests – Pass the Australian Police Officer Tests
There are several ways to increase your chances of passing written police aptitude tests. So, the first and most important step is to find out what type of questions will be included on the test you are going to take. Most police departments provide specific information regarding what is on each section of every test. While they do not give hints about the exact questions that will be asked, they do provide quality samples that you can use to mentally prepare yourself.
For example, Victoria’s Written Police Entrance Examination (PEE) consists of five separate types of tests:
Language Comprehension and Spelling;
The South Australia Police Entry Exam is slightly different, consisting of six tests:
Verbal Reasoning Ability;
Non-Verbal Reasoning Ability;
If the police department that you are applying to has a website, you can probably find and download a few sample questions there. Some dedicated applicants find that taking police exam preparation courses is extremely helpful. The majority of these people tend to do very well on the written portions of the exams. Of course, it is important to prepare for other types of testing as well since, in the end, you will be evaluated on merit of all the tests you took.
Conclusion – How to Pass the Australian Police Officer Tests
If your child is studying at KS2, and taking their SAT examinations, then you’ll likely need to get them prepared for the dreaded sciences: Biology, Physics, and Chemistry. While these subjects have a reputation for being very difficult – the reality is that they don’t have to be. Here at How2Become we’ve prepared fantastic study guides for all three of these subjects. In this blog, we’ll give you a sneak peak at one of our most popular books – Key Stage 2 Chemistry.
Key Stage 2 Chemistry: Solids, Liquids, and Gases
One of the things that you’ll need to learn for Key Stage 2 Chemistry, is solids, liquids, and gases. So, what makes a material a solid, a liquid, or a gas? And what causes certain materials to change from one state to another. Let’s find out!
The vast majority of materials (‘things’) on Earth exist as solids, liquids, or gases. These three states of matter all have very different properties and behave in different ways under different conditions. First, let’s look at what constitutes a solid, a liquid, and a gas:
Solids have the firmest shape of the three states of matter; they do not flow like liquids or spread themselves out like gases. Solids can be physically held, and stay the same shape unless acted on by an outside force. Similarly, solids stay in one place unless moved by an outside force.
Liquids have a much looser shape than solids; they can be poured easily and cannot be physically held without a container. Liquids move to fill the shape of the container they are in. If they are not held by a container, they will move as far as gravity will take them.
Gases have the loosest shape of all the three states of matter, so they are the hardest to contain. Similarly to liquids, gases spread themselves out to fill whatever space they are in. Whilst gases are affected by gravity, they are not affected in the same ways as liquids or solids. Gases are often invisible.
It is possible for things to change between the states of matter. For example, there are things you can do to certain solids that will change them into a liquid, and vice-versa. Let’s look at how all states can change, and what makes them do it.
Solids to Liquids
Adding enough heat to most solids will turn them into a liquid. This is called melting.
Taking an ice cube out of the freezer and leaving it on a table will cause it to melt and become water – room temperature is warm enough to melt ice.
Putting a bar of gold into a furnace will cause it to melt and become liquid gold – extreme heat is needed to melt gold.
Liquids to Solids
Cooling a liquid (making it cold) can turn it into a solid. This is called freezing. For example:
Putting a tray of water into a kitchen freezer will create ice cubes. Water freezes at zero degrees Celsius (0°C).
Putting a container of mercury (the liquid used in thermometers) into an industrial freezer will cause it to freeze. Mercury freezes at minus 38 degrees Celsius (-38°C).
Liquids To Gas
Adding enough heat to a liquid can turn it into a gas. This is called boiling.
Putting a pot of water on the hob will generate steam, as the water boils and becomes a gas.
A puddle that forms during a rainstorm will turn into water vapour (a gas) when it is sunny. The heat of the sun causes the rainfall to be dried up and turn into water vapour – This is called evaporation.
Gas to Liquid
Cooling a gas can make it turn into a liquid. This is called condensation. For example:
Warm air that is heavy with water vapour comes into contact with a cold pane of glass (a window). This causes the gas to turn into liquid water, which begins to drip down the window.
Warm air in the kitchen comes into contact with a cold jug of milk on the table. The coldness causes the air to condense on the side of the jug, and form as water.
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If you enjoyed this blog, then you’ll love our guide on Key Stage 2 Chemistry. Jam packed with top tips on all of the above, and much more, this is the ultimate resource for any student hoping to ace their Key Stage 2 Chemistry exam.
2019 is just around the corner. As we enter the new year, there’s an opportunity for change in our lives. For many people, this involves searching for a new job. Here, we’re going to take a look at 5 things you should do before you embark on your search for a career change. Let’s look at how to find a new job in 2019!
Tip Number 1: Think About What You Want to Do – How to Find a New Job in 2019
The first step to finding a new career is finding out what you want to do! It goes without saying that, without an idea of where you want to go, you probably won’t get far. For some people, this will be easy. They’ll already have a good idea of what they want to do next in their career. If you’re not so sure, here are a couple of things to think about to get you started:
Do you want a continuation of your current career, or a completely new path? Perhaps you currently work in sales. You could aim to move to a managerial position in sales, or you could move into a completely different career.
How do your current skills help you? What skills and qualifications do you already have that could give you an advantage in a different role? For example, being an experienced sales assistant gives you skills in dealing with the public, and providing exceptional service. These are two competencies that are valuable in a wide range of careers, including the police!
Tip Number 2: Sharpen Up Your C.V. – How to Find a New Job in 2019
If it’s been a long time since you went on a job hunt, your C.V. is probably out of date. The new year is a great time to reflect on what changed in your current role over the past 12 months. Think about the following, and add them to your C.V. if relevant.
Did you obtain any new qualifications? Maybe you went on a course, or simply learnt a new skill in the workplace.
Where did you improve? Perhaps you brushed up on an ability you’ve already had, or improved your time-management skills.
What are your new career goals? A lot can change in a year. Perhaps you’ve decided that you want to change your career. So, make sure your C.V. is tailored to this new path!
Once you know what’s changed and where you’ve improved, add the relevant details to your C.V. This will demonstrate growth – a fundamental part of how to find a new job.
Tip Number 3: Improve Your Testing Skills – How to Find a New Job in 2019
Once your C.V. is up to date, it’s time to move onto the next ‘stage’ – testing. Many jobs, particularly graduate and public sector jobs, will include testing in the application process. Find out what your next job will require as part of your application, then spend your time practising those papers. Below you’ll find a list of common types of psychometric testing that you might need to pass to get your next job!
These are just a few of the different psychometric tests you might need to pass in order to secure your next job. For more, check out our range of testing resources and guides.
Tip Number 4: Practice Your Interview Technique – How to Find a New Job in 2019
If you make it past the initial application stages of your application form and psychometric tests, you’ll likely be invited to a face-to-face or telephone interview. So, make sure that you brush up on your interview skills to improve your chances of impressing the interviewer and securing that dream career!
Tips for Passing Interviews – How to Find a New Job in 2019
Learn the common interview questions. In many cases, there will be set (or likely) questions that you’ll need to answer. Learn these and think of exemplary responses to each. The type of questions you will need to answer will vary depending on the role you’re applying for.
Examine and memorise core competencies. A lot of careers require ‘core competencies’ (or core skills) to perform well. If the role you’re applying for has these, then make sure that you understand them fully before attending your interview.
Undertake a mock (practice) interview. Find a friend or family member who is willing to sit down and conduct an interview with you in a formal environment. This will help you to get an idea of how you’ll have to behave in a real-life interview.
Tip Number 5: Prepare to Leave Your Current Job – How to Find a New Job in 2019
If you get offered a new job in the new year, congratulations! This is a monumental achievement. However, you still need to do the following:
Find out your notice period for leaving your current job. This is usually 1 month or 4 weeks, but may vary. The notice period can be found on your employment contract. You’ll need to let your new employer know what your notice period is, so that they can organise a start date for you.
Read through documentation sent by your new employer. This might be your contract, or other information that will tell you your salary, working hours, and so on. Make sure that this is all satisfactory before accepting the offer – and definitely before handing in your resignation letter to your current employer!
Accept the offer for the new job. This might sound obvious, but sometimes people forget to officially accept the role. At this point, you should let your new employer know what your notice period is so that they can figure out when your starting date will be.
Hand in a letter of resignation to your current employer. The letter of resignation doesn’t have to be long or overly wordy – it just has to state your intentions of leaving, along with your final day of work. Do this as soon as possible so that you and your current employer can prepare for your departure.
From all of us at How2Become, we wish you a happy new year, and an exciting 2019!