Educating & developing lifesavers master first aid skills. Our mission is to promote the value of life, raise the awareness of first aid and develop potential lifesavers within our communities and workplaces.
Multiple back slaps and abdominal thrusts suffice.
As a result your quick actions saved a life.
Choking can lead to dire consequences, as with other first aid emergencies. In such an event recognising the symptoms early is the key. Training in first aid and maintaining those skills allow for quick action. Grateful to KARAM KOYMIS and his company in presenting us the opportunity to service their first aid training requirements. Collectively a proud day for our instructors, in particular calling out Robert Johnston, for his passion and imparting his training skills, and finally recognising the efforts of our the operations team.
A gentle reminder that beautiful Autumn is here, falling leaves and a slight chill in the air are the usual indicators. So what does this mean? Thoughts such as late sunrises and early sunsets, and cooler darker days ahead no doubt come to mind. Though it's not all doom and gloom till next spring, far from it.
It's a time to look forward to many exciting events and festivals that always provide a good reason to celebrate with the occasional tipple or two. Now let's see what's Autumn holds in store for us.
The first major festival in Autumn is Diwali, the Hindu festival of light. It is then soon followed by Halloween at the end of October, Guy Fawkes night (AKA Bon fire night), early November, and as we head deeper into autumn the excitement of Christmas festivities and New Year inch closer. There is plenty to look forward to.
All being well such festivities are for everyone to enjoy, have a laugh and spend quality time with family and friends. However, one thing we’d all love to avoid are the occasional mishaps.
Watch out damp pavements ahead!
Let's begin with slips and trips, and its consequences. It goes without saying to minimise the dangers of a fall, slip or a trip, one has to be cautious during the damp months that follow. What compound the problems are the Halloween costumes, especially face masks or a piece of head gear resembling your favourite monster. Adding an element of fun may restrict vision, especially during the evenings when trick or treat activities are at their height. Just airing on the cautious side here, and is by no way intended to take away the fun out of traditional Halloween activities. After all kids should be allowed to be kids and the odd minor injury is all part of… well being a kid.
However, if one ever comes across such an unfortunate predicament resulting in a cut, bruise or something more serious like a fracture or a head injury of some sort read on for more handy first aid tips ahead.
A cut or a wound is an injury to a skin varying in classification based on the cause of an injury, and can become infected if not treated correctly.
You’ll find detailed descriptions by selecting the wound types below:
So how do we treat a wound or a cut?
Here the priority is to reduce blood loss, minimise infection and potentially treat for shock.
. First try to control the bleed by applying direct pressure to the wound using a clean, non fluffy sterile dressing. If there is an embedded object apply pressure either side.
2. Consider elevating the wound only if it doesn't cause more pain, discomfort, or any further damage to the cut or wound.
3. Sit or lay the casualty depending on the location of the cut/wound. If the bleeding is severe, treat for the prevention of shock by laying the casualty down and elevating the leg, keeping the casualty warm.
4. If the bleeding continues through the first dressing apply another one on top. If need apply new dressings, ensuring pressure is directly maintained over the wound.
Did you know? An average adult has around 1 pint of blood per stone in body weight.
It's only a bruise, sprain or strain you say - it'll still cause discomfort or worse, pain
Next on the list potentially resulting from a slip of a fall are bruises, sprains or strains. Bruises, sprains or strains are injuries to the soft tissues. A sprain is a tear of the ligaments around the joint whilst a strain is a tear of the muscles or tendon. Pain, inflammation, swelling, tenderness or an inability to move the affected area are generally how such injuries can be recognised.
Heard of the RICE method? Not the kind served with a curry
The acronym RICE stands for:
R-Rest, I-Ice, C-Compress, E-Elevate
The aim of the RICE treatment is to reduce swelling and the associated pain as quickly as possible.
R - Rest the injured part
I - Apply an ice pack or cold compress
C- Compress by bandaging the injuries location firmly
Now fractures or dislocation on the other hand will cause severe pain
Did you know? There are 206 bones making up the human skeleton.
The purpose of a skeleton is to protect the vital organs and act as a framework for the soft tissues, joints, muscle, tendons and ligaments. Bones are relatively difficult to break (fracture). Bones can break as a result of direct force (struck by a heavy blow) or by indirect force (a twisting movement).
The fracture may be classed as closed where the skin isn’t punctured or open where its pierced the skin, creating a wound.
A dislocation occurs when two halves of a joint are separated and are extremely painful. The extreme pain is a result of a bone displaced out of its joint. Joints are found in the knee, fingers, vertebrae, shoulder and jaw. Under no circumstances a first aider should attempt to pop the joint back on to the position.
Pain at the site of an injury, irregularity, deformity, swelling, bruising, difficulty in moving the limb or the term used in first aid Crepitus (grinding of the bone ends where broken) is how fractures or dislocations are recognised.
So how is it treated?
1. The first thing to do is immobilise and support the injured limb in the most comfortable position, with or without the aid of a sling or bandages.
2. The next step is to monitor the casualty and if necessary treat to prevent shock.
3. Finally summon an ambulance in an emergency or visit the hospital for further treatment.
A bang on the head is definitely a cause for concern
One of the most common injuries resulting from a trip or a fall are head injuries. Head injuries are a concern as they can potentially be very serious leading to the casualty becoming unresponsive. Concussion or skull fracture are the obvious injuries come to mind. Another serious head injury to mention is Cerebral Compression.
Feeling dizzy are we? Recognise and treat concussion
A concussion is caused when a person’s brain is shaken within the skull by a blow or a bang to a head is the best way to describe the injury. Typically, the casualty will lose responsiveness briefly leading to short term memory loss of the event that caused the injury, but then should make full recovery. Always be aware of a potential spinal injury.
Nausea, mild headache, dizziness, brief loss of memory or responsiveness is how one can recognise concussion.
Should you find yourself in position where the casualty is unresponsive, immediately place them in the recovery position. Call the emergency services and monitor breathing and response levels. Treat the casualty for CPR if they remain unresponsive and not breathing properly.
Crack - the dangers of a skull fracture
The skull protects the brain which is attached to the spinal cord. Any injury to the skull can affect our central nervous system (CNS). The CNS controls important functions such as breathing, regulating body temperature and blood circulation. Any damage caused by an injury to the head can affect these vital functions.
Ways to recognise a potential skull fracture:
- Confusing or strange behaviour
- Blood or clear fluid leaking from the ears and/or nose
- Impaired levels of responsiveness
- Wound to the skull
To treat a skull fracture:
1. Sit the casualty in a comfortable position
2. Treat any wounds, bleeds or fluid loss
3. If there is any swelling use a cold compress and monitor the casualty for signs of deterioration
4. Call the emergency services and be prepared to place the casualty in the recovery position or commence CPR.
What is a Cerebral Compression who may wonder?
The most serious head injury you may may come across is cerebral compression. This is where pressure builds up on the brain within the skull as a result of internal bleeding, swelling of the brain tissue or infection. Compression may occur directly after a blow to the head or it may take several days to develop.
Recognising Cerebral Compression?
There are various indicators to recognise cerebral compression. Although at first it may not be obvious look carefully look out for any evidence to the head. Other tell tale signs could include:
- Deteriorating levels of response
- Intense headache
- Noisy slow breathing
- Strong slow pulse
- High temperature
- Unequal pupil size
- Change in personality or behaviour
Advice on treating the casualty
If the casualty is responsive lay them down and support their head and shoulders and dial 999/112 calling for the emergency services. If the casualty is unresponsive, manage their airway in the position they were found to minimise potential injury to the spine any further.
Be prepared to resuscitate (CPR) if the casualty is stops breathing.
Diwali and bonfire nights are great. Fireworks are seen and heard (and the dogs howling) for miles, usually for the duration of the evening. Fun times for the majority you may admit, though not for the poor howling dogs. Fireworks scare the hell out of them and too right it would if one unfortunately comes into direct contact.
Although care is taken during Diwali or bon fire night celebrations, fire works are a major hazard and given the potential it could cause, burns are a consequence if handled incorrectly to state the obvious.
Sadly, it'll be more than a case of 'ouch it burns'. You'd count yourself lucky if its just a minor burn. In such a case noting works better than running it under cold water for 10 mins or applying a burns gel. Now a major burn is a different proposition. This no doubt will require hospital treatment. Further detailed information about various burn injuries and treatment advice can be found HERE.
Want some practical experience in learning how to deal with any first aid related injuries? Visit us at our training facility on the available open Emergency First Aid at Work or the advanced First Aid at Workcourse dates.
Disclaimer: please note the advice given is recommended in line with the latest first aid protocols and by no means should be used against further guidance from a specialist consultant or a doctor.
April sees a welcome start to the 2017 English cricket season. As with all sports, amidst the achievement and fun, there remains the risk of injuries on the pitch. Fast bowlers seem to be most prone, due in part to the repetitive, powerful nature of their play. Some simple pre-match precautions and first aid procedures can, however, minimise the risk and treat any injuries that do occur. Here are a few common cricketing injuries to avoid.
A tear in the muscle tissue or tendon at the back of the thigh. It can affect all cricketers, but especially bowlers, as it happens during explosive sprinting activities. Sudden stress on the legs makes muscles overextend, tearing the tissue. Too long a stint as bowler can exacerbate the risk, as can too short a warm-up prior to the match. Sufferers of a hamstring injury should follow the RICE routine - Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation and seek professional medical advice.
This is caused by damage to ligaments and soft tissue in the ankle that causes bleeding in the tissue, swelling and acute pain. It usually happens when the ankle moves in an unintended way, such as twisting inwards. Taping or bracing ankles can help protect them, as can careful warming up and training prior to a game. Again, applying the RICE protocol (see above) will help aid initial recovery. Following that, regular sessions with a physiotherapist should eventually return the joint to its former capabilities.
Lower back pain
Long periods of standing can aggravate the back, so fielders in particular should be aware of the possibility of lower back pain. Any part of the back can be injured, from discs and joints to muscles and ligaments. Regular training helps, in order to establish the safest stance for bowling and fielding, and shock absorbing in-soles in the shoes can make some difference too. Core stability exercises also help strengthen the area. Use a heat pack to soothe any painful areas and reduce muscle spasm in the back. Watch out for stress fractures, as these can require up to six weeks' rest to heal and will get worse if left unnoticed.
Bowling and batting can affect the small muscles around the shoulder if they are performed too much and without taking enough rest in between training and matches. Watch out for inflammation in the rotator cuff area of the shoulder, as this can be a warning sign of tendonitis. Again, physiotherapy can strengthen the area, as can flexibility and strength exercises. Any new training techniques should be introduced and increased gradually to allow the area to get used to the movements required. Use anti-inflammatory gel to treat the area in the shorter term if it becomes very painful, or you wear a shoulder support.
Prevention is better than cure
A few simple steps will help cricket players avoid injury on the pitch and lengthy recovery periods hampering their style. Always warm up and cool down correctly with plenty of stretching and body conditioning exercises. Warm-ups help the blood flow to the muscles and increase oxygen levels. Cooling down helps your heart rate return to normal and eliminates waste products from the body, such as lactic acid. Other tips include booking regular sports massages and following a healthy diet. Buy the best equipment and kit you can afford; this can make a huge difference to your performance. Finally, invest in proper sports first aid training to help yourself and your co-players stay fit and injury-free to enjoy the entire season.
Burns can be extremely serious at their worst, and painful and distressing even when they are minor. Burns can happen both at home and in the workplace and are usually caused by carelessness, or failing to follow safety procedures. Here’s what to do if you are faced by someone needing help after a burn.
First of all, calm the patient down and reassure them. Having them panic will impede any help you are able to provide. Stop the burning process as quickly as possible. If there are still flames, smother them with a blanket to cut off the fire’s oxygen source, or roll the person up in a large cloth such as a curtain, bath-towel or rug. Remove as much clothing and jewellery as possible from around the burn area and make the patient comfortable while you assess the injury. Call for medical help if you feel at all unsure about how to treat the burn.
Cool the burnt area down by running it under cool or lukewarm water for 20 minutes. Never apply ice or any creams or greasy substances like butter. Cover the burn with cling film once it has cooled. Keep the person warm, as the shock of the injury may start to cause after-effects and the sudden cooling of the burnt area may cause hypothermia, especially in young children or older people.
Stop the pain
Give the patient paracetamol or ibuprofen to counter any pain, but make sure there are no allergies to these medications first and follow the instructions on the medicine packet. If the person has a burn on their face, keep them sitting upright as much as possible to reduce swelling. Try not to let them fall asleep while you wait for professional treatment.
When to alert the hospital
You should always call for expert medical help if the burn area is larger than the person’s hand. A burn of any size that has resulted in white or charred skin should also be treated at a hospital. If a burn is on the face or genitals, extra care must be taken, along with patients who are very young, very old or pregnant. Watch out for secondary burn symptoms, such as going into shock. Always seek medical help for someone who has been burnt who also has a medical condition such as heart or diabetes, or who has a weakened immune system. Seek medical help if someone has breathed in smoke or fumes and is showing symptoms such as severe coughing or breathing difficulties.
Electrical and chemical burns
While these types of burns don’t always look serious, they can, in fact, be very damaging indeed. Immediate medical attention should be sought at a hospital if someone receives either kind of burn. If someone has received an electric burn from a source less than 220-240 volts, turn off the electricity supply or disconnect the person from the source using a non-conducting material like a stick or wooden chair. Regarding chemical burns, try to remove clothing and accessories around the area if possible and call for help. Where possible, take a sample or container with you to hospital to allow the professionals to assess what kind of chemical has caused the burn.
Remember, Remember the 5th of November, gunpowder, treason and plot… So goes the opening part of the nursery rhyme written to commemorate the Gunpowder Plot.
In 1605, a group of English Catholics who felt persecuted for their religious beliefs, planned to take action against the reigning monarch by blowing up the Houses of Parliament, aiming to assassinate the King and others in the process.
It is said that one member of the group got cold feet and sent a letter warning of the plan because he realised that innocent people could be harmed. Whatever the case, the Gunpowder Plot was thwarted, the conspirators were caught, and the rest, as they say, is history.
On the night that the plot was foiled, bonfires were set alight to celebrate the safety of the King. Since then, November 5th has become known as Bonfire Night. A man by the name of Guy Fawkes was responsible for lighting the fuse to the gunpowder hidden under the Houses of Parliament. This resulted in him becoming the public face of the plot, even though he wasn’t the ringleader. That’s why bonfire night is celebrated not just with fireworks, but also with the burning of an effigy of Guy Fawkes, known as “the Guy.”
Bonfire Night has remained a popular event, with celebrations taking place the length and breadth of the land. Who doesn’t recall childhood memories of watching in wonder and anticipation as the bonfire was lit and magnificent, colourful fireworks were released into an unsuspecting night sky? Even as adults, we excite at the loud bangs and whistling that accompany those brilliant colours and bring gasps of admiration from a watchful crowd. It’s such an amazing event! So how can we make a night which commemorates the safety of a king, safe for everyone taking part?
Unsurprisingly, the most common risk arising from Bonfire Night is burns. Don’t worry, though, we have plenty of advice to keep you safe, and to deal with burns if they do occur.
Celebrate With Care
We advocate going to an organised, public display of fireworks if you can, as strict safety rules are followed and there are first aiders or medical professionals present. If you do plan to have your own Bonfire Night party at home though, there are a few simple steps you can take to be as prepared as possible.
First and foremost, make sure you have plenty of first aid supplies on hand, as well as a fire blanket, a bucket of sand and easy access to water. Also make sure that your fireworks conform to British Safety Standards and that you have lots of space in which to ignite them safely. Never attempt to relight or approach a firework that doesn’t go off.
Sparkle and Shine
Everybody loves sparklers, whether you’re the type of person who likes to stand and watch them sizzle and burn down to the end, or one who likes to swirl them around in big arcs, watching the sparkles dance through the air. They burn hot though, so are not suitable for very little children, and even older children should be supervised to make sure they have enough space to move around safely.
Sparklers should be lit one at a time while wearing gloves. Once the sparkler is finished, put it in a bucket of sand and be careful that no one picks it up until it is completely cool.
If someone gets burned, whatever you do, don’t follow one of the old wives’ tales that, according to a British Red Cross poll, one in ten parents might choose. That means avoiding spray-on cooling creams, butter and toothpaste! Instead, cool the burn under cold running water for at least 10 minutes but preferably longer. This helps to reduce pain, swelling and the risk of scarring. If you don’t have access to water you can use other cold liquids such as milk, juice or beer. Bare in mind, though, that it is also important to keep the casualty as warm as possible.
If the casualty is burnt through clothing, don’t attempt to remove anything that is stuck to the burn, as this could cause more damage. Just run cold water over the burn through the clothing and seek medical help. However, if the clothing is free from the burn, you can safely remove it.
Once the burn is cool, cover it with cling film or a clean plastic bag to help prevent infection. If the casualty is very young or the burn is severe, seek medical help by calling 999.
Stop, Drop, Wrap and Roll
If someone’s clothing is on fire, use “stop, drop, wrap and roll” to remember the best course of action: get them to stop moving around, as air will fan the flames; help them drop to the ground; wrap them in a blanket or coat; and roll them to put the flames out.
While waiting for professional help to arrive, keep cooling the burn under running water, but try to keep areas that are not burnt as warm as possible to help the casualty retain body heat.
There are three key things to remember if you find yourself in this situation:
- don’t touch or try to remove anything from the burn
- don’t use lotions, ointments, creams or adhesives
- don’t break any blisters that form.
You should also watch out for signs of shock and be ready to treat accordingly if they become evident. Symptoms of shock vary depending on the circumstances, but a few to be aware of are rapid pulse, shallow or quick breaths, nausea or vomiting and dizziness or fainting.
A general rule of thumb is to lay the person down with his/her legs elevated slightly, unless this will cause pain or further injury. Keep the casualty still and only move him or her if necessary for safety.
Where there is fire, there are sparks and bits of particles that can be blown into people’s eyes. If this happens, wash your hands if you can, then carefully open the casualty’s eye. If you can see something in the eye and it is moving freely, use a sterile eye wash and irrigate the eye to remove it, taking care to do so as gently as possible. If there is something lodged in the eye, cover both eyes and phone for an ambulance. It is important the casualty does not rub the eye or try removing an embedded object while awaiting medical treatment.
These simple steps should help you keep everyone as safe and healthy as a king at your next Bonfire Night celebration. You may like to take your preparations one step further by enrolling in one of our first aid courses.
It’s the 31st of October and we all know what that means, right?
Panic not, with 55 days till Christmas and plenty of time to tick off the goodies on the shopping list, we’re referring to Halloween. Time for trick or treating!
Traditions and origins
The word Halloween comes from a Scottish term for the night before All Hallows Day, but Halloween is a celebration observed in many countries and in some cases, right back to the 16th century.
As we all know, it is traditional to dress up at Halloween then go from house to house knocking on doors. Known as ‘guising’ in Scotland, Ireland and Wales, it was custom to have to perform a poem or sing a song, in return for fruit, nuts or sweets from the householder. More recently, the practice has adopted the North American name of “trick or treating” with the emphasis on house owners giving out sweets or candy to disguised children, to prevent some kind of “trick” being performed.
When we think of Halloween as children, we think of being allowed to head out in the dark, damp, frosty nights in fancy-dress, and the fun of seeing all our friends dressed up, usually in ghoulish costumes (the scarier the better)! We think of all the treats we might receive as our enthusiasm carries us from door to door, and we love nothing more than to compare our bag of goodies with other trick or treaters.
As parents and carers, we get caught up in the excitement too. Who doesn’t enjoy being part of the fun and seeing the delight on children’s faces? But care of our beloved offspring is always at the back of our minds, and October weather is often inclement enough to lead to slips on wet or frosty pavements, particularly if they are covered in autumn’s fallen leaves. When you add long, flowing or unwieldy costumes and running children to the mix, you can see why Halloween can also be a night for trips and falls.
Those slips, trips and falls can lead to minor injuries such as cuts, bruises, grazes and nosebleeds, all of which are easily treatable with basic first aid care. If the fall is serious enough, though, a major injury such as a broken or fractured bone, dislocation or head injury could arise, needing immediate medical care.
Head injuries are particularly serious because they can cause damage the brain. When assessing the seriousness of a head injury, it is important to look for signs such as any loss of responsiveness, any visible wounds or bleeding, confusion, memory loss, dizziness, nausea or headache.
A good way to remember this is to use what is known as the AVPU scale.
The A stands for Alert – is the casualty able to respond to questions and are their eyes open?
V stands for Voice – can the casualty respond to someone’s voice, follow simple instructions and answer questions?
P stands for Pain – if you can’t see any signs of responsiveness, does the casualty respond to pain? You could, for example, pinch them to see if they open their eyes or respond.
Finally, U stands for Unresponsive – is the casualty able to respond to questions or gentle shaking?
If the casualty is able to respond to you, their head injury is likely to be mild. It’s still important to treat them with care and make sure they have recovered fully, as concussion can follow a very brief period of unresponsiveness and will need medical assessment. The best thing to do is to sit them down somewhere comfortable and give them a cold compress, or bag of frozen peas wrapped in a cloth, to hold against the wound. If there is any bleeding, make sure you apply direct pressure to the source.
Carry out the AVPU test and if the casualty fails to respond, the head injury could be more severe and professional medical care becomes a priority. Should this is the case, call 999 or 112 and be ready to explain how the casualty responded to the AVPU test. Whilst waiting for an ambulance, keep a close eye on the casualty to check for any changes in their condition. For example by checking their pulse and carrying out the AVPU test again if necessary. If there is still no sign of responsiveness, check that their airway is open. If the casualty is not breathing, immediately commence
First aid skills are handy all year long, not just for special occasions. Thankfully, the majority of trick or treaters enjoy Halloween unscathed. In most cases, the only blood visible will be make up props adding visual special effects. Saying that, it’s good to know how to treat injuries if they do arise.
When we’re excited about celebrating holidays or special family gatherings, we may find ourselves less vigilant about safety. However, with first aid skills fresh on our minds, we can be ready to take swift action in an emergency event. We encourage everyone to take responsibility for learning and maintaining life-saving first aid skills, and not just for holidays or special occasions.
Check out our next Level 3 Award in Emergency First Aid at Work scheduled courses in London.For more information on how to register for a first aid training course, please select the relevant courses below.
Level 3 Award in First Aid at Work
Level 3 Award in Emergency First Aid at Work
Basic Life Support
Online Emergency First Aid
These adult CPR protocols complement first aid training in assisting a casualty in an event of an emergency. There is no substitute for thorough training covering both practical and theory exercises. Please seek medical advice in all emergency events. The protocols are a guidance and in line with the Resuscitation Council UK.
Us human beings are pretty fixated on our hearts, aren’t we?
We write songs and poetry about them. We can open them, break them, follow them, them. We can wear them on our sleeves, have them in our mouths, learn something by them. We can also love someone with all our heart. Our hearts are amazing. It pumps blood through our body to keep us breathing and is also inextricably linked with all the emotions we feel. It's our life force and a symbol of health, love and happiness.
So, we ought to look after our heart, right?
And we ought to know what to do when something is not right. Around 150,000 deaths in the UK are caused by heart and other circulatory diseases. And a fair proportion of those are caused by cardiac arrest, where the heart stops pumping blood around the body. Looking at it from a positive perspective, with immediate CPR, the casualty’s chances of survival can be improved. If you experience cardiac arrest in a hospital, your chances of survival are pretty good.
But what happens if you’re not in a hospital?
According to recent figures shared by , around 30,000 out of hospital cardiac arrests occur every year in the UK. When you consider that without treatment there is around a one in ten chance of survival, you’d be forgiven for feeling your heart sinking into your boots. So let’s get that heart leaping back up into your chest and beating loudly. Whatever the reason for the cardiac arrest, getting the heart started again as soon as possible gets blood circulating to the brain and around the rest of the body. The quicker that someone receives first aid, the better their chances of survival are. In fact, they can as much as double. Every minute that CPR is performed improves survival rates, particularly when administered with the use of a defibrillator.
Who wouldn’t want to put their heart and soul into improving the odds?
Receiving immediate emergency first aid often relies on strangers until the emergency services arrive. Those strangers act out of the kindness of their hearts to perform life-saving CPR. At present, only 22% of people in the UK would feel confident in performing CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation). Imagine collapsing in the knowledge that only around 1 person in every 4 or 5 might know how to perform CPR correctly.
There are plans to improve the stat. Big plans!
Every year there is a day of action across the UK called Restart a Heart, led by the Resuscitation Council UK, with the aim of teaching CPR to many people as possible to enable this potential life saving skill administered promptly and with confidence. Many people fear that they will do the wrong thing when performing CPR, but nothing could be further from the truth, and training aims to alleviate those concerns.
This year the day is going global and being renamed World Restart a Heart Day. It takes place on 16 October, 2018. Make sure that date is engraved on your heart. Not literally of course! Last year a whopping 195,000 people were trained. This year the target is a heart-stopping – or should that be heart-starting - 200,000 people! Just imagine what can be achieved with another 200,000 people trained in and ready to confidently use CPR.
The day is supported globally by resuscitation councils covering North, Central and South America, Canada, South Africa, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and Europe. You can’t get much more global than that. In the UK, the Resuscitation Council is partnering with the British Heart Foundation, British Red Cross, St John Ambulance, UK ambulance services, as well as independent first aid training providers to host CPR events across the length and breadth of the UK. These events can take place at any time in the week leading up to and the week after 16 October 2018, and involve workplaces, schools, community groups, sports and social clubs. The event is open to all who wish to be part of it.
We are proud to be part of the event to show our support.
,First Aid Safety is hosting CPR training at a local school, for a group of 12 students. This is one of many 1000's of events happening globally to raise awareness of first aid in your local community.
Taking part in an event could quite literally help you to save a life. Save someone’s mother, father, husband, wife, brother, sister, son, daughter, grandparent, cousin, or a best friend, and encourage others to get involved.
Let’s have each other’s best interests at heart.
Has someone's heart missed a beat or two?
WithSudden Cardiac Awareness Month(SACD)and 'Restart The Heart Day' in October, why not empower yourself with first aid skills? To celebrate we are pleased to offer a 10% reduction on the selected Level 3 Award in Emergency First Aid at Work
scheduled open courses at our training facility in Russell Square. Please select the relevant courses date below to register.
Since its introduction by The International Red Cross Red Crescent in the year 2000, World First Aid Day has been celebrated every year on the second Saturday in September. It is a day dedicated to helping raise awareness of life-saving acts everywhere.
One of our favourite events, this year’s theme is “First Aid and Road Safety”, so naturally we’d like to share important tips offering guidance in such emergency scenarios. Being trained in first aid is a positive attribute that has the potential to prevent an injury or illness deteriorating, providing its administered promptly.
This perfectly leads us to the 3 P’s, a simple way to remember the aims and priorities of first aid. First and foremost, Preserve life, then Prevent injury or illness becoming worse, and finally Promote recovery.
The 3 P’s in action
Preserve life - A priority here is to preserve life by conducting emergency first aid. A prime example would be to administer CPR to a casualty who is not breathing normally. Another example is to stop a severe bleed on a casualty who is breathing and shows signs of a suspected fractured limb.
Prevent deterioration - The second aim of first aid is to prevent the casualty’s injury or illness from becoming worse. For example, this may involve asking a casualty with a broken limb to remain still and applying padding around the injury to prevent the suspected fracture from further damage.
Promote recovery - Finally, promote recovery by arranging immediate medical assistance. A great example of this would be cooling a burn to encourage early healing. Applying basic first aid can significantly reduce the recovery time for a long term injury.
No first aid knowledge, no action?
Not necessarily! More so than not, being armed with first aid knowledge allows for positive action in an emergency situation. Recent statistics offer a staggering realization of how many lives could be saved, and injuries reduced, if more people were equipped to deliver first aid on the scene of a traffic accident. In the year ending June 2017, there were 27,130* killed or seriously injured casualties in reported road traffic incidents and accidents. Although the numbers are estimated, this provides an indication to the scale of the catastrophe. What is especially encouraging is that even the most basic of first aid knowledge and action can make a significant contribution towards a positive outcome.
A haphazardly parked vehicle catches your attention as you slowly approach it. Instinctively, you take a quick glance into the stationary vehicle and notice the driver is unconscious with the seatbelt fastened and his head resting against the side window. No passengers are present to offer assistance, so you pull over in front of the vehicle and put your hazard lights on. You are the first person on the scene and your mind begins to race through all of the possible steps you should take, having recently refreshed your first aid training.
You are aware your own safety is a priority, so decide to slow any oncoming traffic filtering through the narrow lanes as you approach the scene. You are relieved there is no evidence of spilled fuel or any other flammable hazards. With all known hazards minimised, you open the door, carefully straightening the driver’s tilted head, conscious of a possible spinal injury. You then turn off the ignition, switch on the hazard lights and undo the seatbelt. At this point, you try to flag the passing drivers for assistance to call the emergency services. With no immediate response, you decide to assess the driver for any life-threatening conditions prior to calling for an ambulance.
Your mind is in overdrive with all possible first aid scenarios.
Is the driver:
Unconscious, unresponsive, and breathing?
Ensure the driver’s head is tilted back in a position that maintains the airway.Minimise any movement to the driver where possible and avoid twisting him.Assure the driver in a calm tone of voice, check for and prioritise any major bleeding or life-threatening injuries.Keep the driver warm and phone for an ambulance.
Unconscious, unresponsive, and not breathing? This scenario calls for immediate resuscitation (CPR).
If you are on your own, using your speaker phone function, call for an ambulance at this point.If necessary, ask the operator for best resuscitation advice whilst the driver is in the car, to avoid any unnecessary movement.
When should you move the driver?
Only attempt to remove an unconscious driver from the vehicle if danger is imminent. A fire, flood, or explosion are just a few examples. Moving an unconscious casualty is a challenge. Always ask the emergency operator for the best advice in order to minimise further injury and the possible risk of causing yourself harm.
There is no substitute for training
It’s no wonder we are incredibly passionate about what we do! Lives are potentially at risk and educating as many people as possible on accident and injury prevention, subsequently, arms them with the skills needed to swiftly respond to both major and minor emergencies with confidence. Primed with even basic knowledge can make you a huge measure of assistance at the scene of a traffic incident or an accident.
These basic tips are a guidance and complement first aid training in assisting a casualty at a roadside emergency. There is no substitute for thorough training covering both practical and theory exercises.
Please join us in spreading awareness of first aid and road safety in celebration of World First Aid Day 2018. Feel free to share this article with others or throw in a comment or two below. That one small act might be what saves a person’s life!
Learning first aid gets a negative response on rare occasions. Learners are some what reluctant to sit a course or lack enthusiasm during their attendance from the offset. This usually speaks volume. Having to sit through a lecture absorbing vital life saving information or playing a casualty in various scenario based role play may not be everyone's cup of tea. Our judgment is based on various experiences.
It's sometime seen as a necessity to meet workplace legal requirements, a tick box exercise rather than gaining a vital life saving skill first and foremost. After al it's just like any other skill learnt as part of an individuals development process you'll agree. Although we try and refrain from generalising, the lack of enthusiasm does unfortunately validate the point.
On a more pleasing note
At the opposite end of the scale we are happy to inform the majority of the participants do not share the same thought.
Student interaction makes such a huge difference and it's refreshing to see learners actively engage and fully participate with enthusiasm during a course. An active learner is a happy learner and after all positive feedback is worth it's weight in gold.
The proofs in the pudding...
Well worth the effort
The satisfaction gained from reading such feedback makes the work and all the logistics that lead to setting up a course well worth the effort. The purpose has been met, surpassed and its what keeps everyone at FAS focused and striving to achieve the very best for its learners.
It's music to our ears...
It goes without saying the instructors experience, teaching methods, skills and responsibility to ensure learners are kept engaged, actively participating during both theory and practical sessions, and just as important achieve the set learning criteria to end a course on a successful note.
First aid training is not a daunting subject as some may perceive. Thanks to our instructors and the quality of the support materials to date 99.999% have successfully achieved their qualifications.
The misconception that first aid training is boring has truly been put to bed.
Want some practical experience in learning how to deal with any first aid related injuries? Visit us at our training facility on the available open Emergency First Aid at Work or the advanced First Aid at Work course dates.
Three simple steps to save a life. To save YOUR life!
Always ask about allergies
Be a hero!
Adopt the superhero power of#easytoASK.
Holiday season brings festive meals, exciting evenings out and blissful weekends away. To an allergy sufferer, the vast minefield of potential harm can be nothing short of terrifying! The sheer array of food and activities could be concealing an allergy gremlin they’re REALLY not friends with. Allergic reactions can strike anyone with an unwelcome surprise.
So how do you use your super power? Every time you are out, use the#easytoASKacronym. Ask if a companion has any allergies, or speak up if you do! Be aware of the allergy gremlins that hide in bushes and in restaurant dishes. Ask restaurant staff about potential allergens in your meal. If you work in a restaurant, ask customers about allergies, and inform them of common allergens like nuts, seafood, grains, flour, eggs and dairy. Keep safe.
Being part of the#easytoASKsocial movement when you’re out and about makes you a hero. Why? You’re saving the lives of those who are too scared or timid to ask about allergens. You’re blowing up the minefields of gremlins and fear, and enabling everyone to confidently have some holiday fun! No to mention, you’re potentially saving yourself from unwelcome surprises.
When allergy gremlins strike, they can cause your body to go into Anaphylaxis (pronounced ana-fill-ax-is). This is a severe allergic reaction that causes your body to go into distress, called Anaphylactic Shock. Basically, your immune system goes into overdrive!
A simple food, smell, material, medication, exercise, insect sting or even an entirely unknown allergen can set off this dramatic, potentially fatal, chain of events.
You may not always be aware you’re allergic to something until you’ve had a reaction. Even people with known allergies can suddenly develop new allergies.
Anaphylaxis can occur within seconds, or sometimes even hours later. It is life threatening, and requires instant treatment.
Severe allergic reactions could include any of the following:
Skin could become bright pink, swell and/or develop a rash.The mouth and throat could swell up causing wheezing, or difficulty breathing, speaking or swallowing.The person could feel dizzy, faint and weak, and could even collapse unconscious.They may experience stomach ache, feel nauseous or vomit.They may feel clammy, and could feel confused and anxious.Severe asthma could occur.
If you or someone else exhibits any one or more of these symptoms, they could be experiencing Anaphylaxis. Don’t hesitate, react right away!
If you or a companion has a severe allergic reaction, it is a MEDICAL EMERGENCY.
Call 999 immediately! Don’t wait! The situation can turn dire in minutes.
Be sure you know how to use it (remove cap, 10cm from upper outer thigh muscle, jab at 90 deg, hold for 3 seconds)If in doubt, give adrenalin first, then call for help.
2) Call 999 ➜ ask for an ambulance ➜ say “Anaphylaxis”
Don’t wait for symptoms to clear - call immediately.If an Adrenaline auto-injector was used - further medical care is required.
3) Remove any allergic triggers if possible
For example, remove food from the mouth or an insect sting from the skin.
4) Lay the person down
Shoulders can be slightly raised if it helps with breathing.Laying down helps maintain blood pressure and avoids fainting injuries.
5) Give another injection after 5-15 minutes if there is no initial response
If available - injectors can only be used once.
It is always more desirable to prevent dramatic medical emergencies. So how do you go about achieving this?
Allergy tests can help with identifying any potential allergen triggers. It really makes life a lot easier if you know what to watch out for!
It goes without saying that if you can, avoid allergic triggers! If you have a specific food allergy, ask about the ingredients present in the food (and kitchen) every time you are about to order or eat something. Tell your dinner companions what you are allergic to, especially if someone else is ordering.
If you’re getting take-outs, ask if the allergen could be present. You can even ask the staff for alternative recommendations (they’ll love sharing their insider knowledge). You may even end up getting a lovely dish you’ve never considered before!
Always keep your adrenaline auto-injector with you! Always! If you have two, carry both. When in doubt, use them! If you suspect you could be having an allergic reaction, inject yourself to be safe. Remember to get yourself to a medical facility afterwards.
Ask for help if you suspect you have an allergy. Medical personnel can assist you to find products to manage it. Prevention is the best cure, don’t let an allergy situation reach emergency status if you can help it!
Call on your superpower,#easytoASK. Be the hero! Be the person that asks if someone in the group has allergies. Speak up, and keep you, your friends, your family, and the thousands of people that suffer Anaphylaxis safe.
Common allergy triggers
You may not always know what could cause an allergic reaction. Here are some of the common triggers to be aware of:
Food: nuts, dairy, seafood, eggs and some fruitMedication: antibiotics, and even anti-inflammatories like aspirinInsect stings: bees, waspsGeneral anaestheticMedical dyes (contrast agents) used in scansLatex – rubber found in some gloves and condoms
You don’t need to be a genius, just use your superpower
You don’t need to know what can cause allergic reactions or every allergen under the sun
All you need to remember is your superpower:#easytoASK
Always ask about allergies
Whether you’re allergic or not, ordering food or serving it, a trail guide or teenager out on the town… Be the hero