Indian cooking was once considered as a great source of nutrition for the pregnancy diet. We knew that we wouldn’t have much to worry about our diet containing green vegetables, increased our whole grain intake through Indian Bread and Dalia, and maintained a healthy intake of dairy products.
However, our lifestyles have changed dramatically over the past decade or so. We travel more with multiple incomes in single households and are much more adventures with inviting new foods and new experiences into our lives.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) defines organic food as food produced without weed killers, pesticides or chemical fertilizers. it is the type of food that is not genetically modified, and the organic food that does not contain added hormones or antibiotics, especially for meat.
Organic foods are good for you as well as good for the environment. Natural fertilizers replace those based on chemicals, resulting in healthier foods. The soil is also less contaminated while there is a boost to biodiversity. Organic products do not contain food additives, and they are in limited amounts, even if they do. By looking at certification labels, the best way to ensure the food is organic.
You reduce the risk of chemicals passing to your baby in utero when you eat organic products. Eating seasonal products will also help you and your child benefit from the benefits of vitamins, fiber, folic acid and potassium found in fruits and veggies. This is because food in the season is much fresher than food in the off-season. Make it a point when you go shopping to ask your local grocer what foods are in the season.
An organic diet is said to be the best choice during pregnancy as it helps to minimize the inadvertent consumption of pesticides, which can adversely affect the health of the mother and the baby.
One previous study estimates that women who are pregnant and consumed organic food had a 58% lower chance to give birth to a boy with a urogenital birth defect called hypospadias compared to mothers who did not adhere to organic pregnancy diet.
An organic diet also helps to avoid the use of antibiotics in farm animals. In animals treated with antibiotics, bacteria may become resistant to these antibiotics over the long term. Subsequent exposure to such bacteria in humans may prove harder to treat.
Organic foods should also not contain additives such as artificial flavors, colors, and preservatives that, according to some studies, have been associated with attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children.
However organic foods are also having some disadvantages such as their high cost compared to conventional foods. Organic foods also have a lower shelf life, because they do not include preservatives and might not taste nice as foods supplemented with taste modulators to some people.
Whenever a woman gets pregnant the most important test, she had to go through is the Rh factor test. Rhesus (Rh) factor is a protein inherited from the parents and is found on the surface of the red blood cells. If the blood of a person contains the protein then the person is Rh positive and if the blood does not contain the protein then the person Rh negative.
The blood which is Rh negative is not any kind of illness and do not affect the health of a person. Whenever a person with Rh-negative gets blood with Rh-positive, then the immune system of the body starts to react with the Rh factor and produces antibodies to destroy the Rh-positive protein. This response of the immune system is known as Rh sensitization.
Rh sensitization mainly occurs while a woman is pregnant in a case when the mother is Rh negative and the baby that is developing having the blood of Rh positive. The blood of a pregnant woman does not usually mix during pregnancy with the baby’s blood. However, if the mother experience bleeding or abdominal trauma during pregnancy, a small amount of the baby’s blood may come into contact with the mother’s blood during delivery. If the mother is Rh negative and the baby is Rh positive, after exposure to the red blood cells of the baby, the mother’s body may produce proteins called Rh antibodies.
The antibodies released during the first pregnancy is not an issue but your next pregnancy is the major issue. These Rh antibodies can cross the placenta and damage the red blood cells of the baby if your next baby is Rh positive. This may lead to life-threatening anaemia, a condition where red blood cells are destroyed faster than they can be replaced by the baby’s body. Red blood cells are needed for the entire body to carry oxygen.
The pregnant mother may need another blood test— an antibody screen — during your first trimester, during week 28 of pregnancy, and at delivery, if you are Rh negative. Antibody screening is used for the detection of Rh-positive blood antibodies. If the mother hasn’t started producing Rh antibodies, she might probably need a blood product called Rh immune globulin injection. During the pregnancy, the immune globulin prevents your body from producing Rh antibodies.
Rh factor test is an important test done during the pregnancy. The blood sample is taken at the time of the first visit to the gynaecologist and is sent to the lab for further analysis, there the Rh factor along with some other tests are done. If the mother is Rh positive then no further action is taken. However, if the mother is Rh-positive and the baby is Rh-negative, then the mother’s body has the potential to produce antibodies that may be harmful during a subsequent pregnancy. If during pregnancy the mother has vaginal bleeding, then she must contact the health care provider immediately. During the visit, she must discuss scheduling a Rh immune globulin injection with the health care provider. During the delivery, the women must remind the health care team about your Rh status so that they must take proper care while the delivery of the baby.
Participants (Mothers) will have to write and post about their take on Motherhood and how they feel being a mother with a picture with their children. Participants (Expectant Mothers) will have to write about what they feel about motherhood with a picture. All the participants should post their entries on Cordlife India Facebook Page with hashtags – #CordlifeIndia, #MothersDay #Motherhood and have to share the post on their Facebook wall.
Winners (3 mothers and 3 expectant mothers) will get Amazon Gift voucher worth Rs 500.
The contest will end on 20th May 2019 midnight at 00:00 Hrs.
Terms and Conditions:
Like Cordlife India Facebook Page.
Post all entries (50 words minimum with picture) on Cordlife India Facebook Page and share it on your Facebook wall.
Use #CordlifeIndia and #MothersDay #Motherhood with your post.
Winners will be decided based on the maximum number of post engagements (Likes, Comments and Shares) received by a participant.
Contest ends on 20th May 2019 midnight 00:00 hrs.
Winners selection with be done on 24th May 2019 & will be notified Via Facebook direct message.
The umbilical cord is the mother-to-baby lifeline. The baby receives all the oxygen, nutrients and blood that the baby needs to grow and develop through the umbilical cord. Many of our parents who want to store the umbilical cord blood of their child have questions about when to tighten the cord and how the timing affects the volume and storage of cord blood collection.
With more and more research and evidence showing the benefits of delayed cord clamping, coupled with parents wanting to store the umbilical cord blood of their child, the question is asked on many occasions: can cord clamping be delayed and umbilical cord blood still collected?
Delayed cord clamping is a practice of waiting between newborn delivery and umbilical cord clamping to allow extra blood to be transferred from placenta to baby. Delayed cord clamping in premature babies appears to be beneficial in improving blood circulation and reducing the risk of some complications. To allow more blood to enter the baby and to increase the amount of hemoglobin and iron in the child, many parents are also delaying the cord clamping in their term pregnancies. It may result in a lower risk of iron deficiency. One study even found fine-motor and social skills improvements.
Delayed cord clamping provides your baby with benefits including a normal healthy volume of blood for the transition to life outside the womb and a full count of red blood cells, stem cells, and immune cells. Delayed cord clamping for the mother keeps the mother-baby unit intact and can avoid complications with placenta delivery.
The advantages of delaying have been demonstrated, but it is not as clear how best to clamp the umbilical cord. Studies showed an advantage when the cord is clamped for up to one minute, with any advantages decreasing afterward. ACOG recommends that 30–60 seconds of delay can be done in clamping.
While the volume of cord blood available may be reduced by delays in clamping the cord, several studies have found that a reasonable delay can still retain enough for banking. Because the benefits of cord clamping begin to decrease after one minute and a constant delay can have an effect on the amount of cord blood extracted, it is advisable to the parents to follow ACOG recommendations and delay cord clamping for 30–60 seconds.
Even if the volume is low, the cord blood of your baby may still be used in regenerative medicine. Furthermore, scientists are working on ways to significantly multiply the number of stem cells found in a cord blood collection, enabling the use of smaller stored units in the future to have a greater effect.
If you choose to delay the cord clamping by 1-3 minutes, it will transfer approximately 80-100 mL of this blood to the infant, leaving more than enough to be stored. Studies have shown that delayed clamping has no significant effect on the efficiency of collection. While there was a slight reduction in the amount of blood collected, the recovery of stem cells is not affected.
If you have chosen to have a baby, the most important thing is that you care a lot, so you and your baby will be healthy in the future. Girls are highly likely to have healthy babies who receive proper care and make the right decisions. When you discover that you are pregnant, see a doctor to start receiving prenatal care (pregnancy care) as soon as possible. The sooner you start receiving medical attention, the better the chances in the future that you and your baby will be healthy.
The doctor will ask a lot of questions during the first consultation, such as your last period date. You can calculate how long you have been pregnant and how long you expect your baby to be. Doctors estimate the pregnancy duration in weeks. The due date is estimated, but most babies born between 38 and 42 weeks after the first day of the last female menstrual period, or between 36 and 38 weeks after conception (when the sperm fertilizes the egg); only a small percentage of women born at the estimated date of delivery.
The pregnancy is divided into three or four phases. The first quarter runs from Week 13 conception to the end. The second one is between week 14 and 26. The third trimester is up to the end of pregnancy from week 27.
In addition to measuring your belly to record the growth of the baby, your doctor will monitor your weight, blood pressure and urine during consultations. When a special device can hear the heartbeat of the baby, the doctor will listen to you whenever you visit. Your doctor will probably also indicate other tests during pregnancy, such as an ultrasound to ensure that the baby is in perfect condition.
Many youths are concerned about your body’s appearance and fear of gaining weight during pregnancy. But, because you feed two people, this is not the time to cut calories or go on a diet. Both you and your baby need the baby to grow properly with certain nutrients. If you eat a variety of healthy foods, drink plenty of water, and reduce junk food, high fat, help you and your baby grow healthy.
Exercising during pregnancy is good for your health if you have no pregnancy complications and choose suitable activities. Doctors generally recommend activities with a low impact such as walking, swimming, and yoga.
Gaining plenty of rest during pregnancy is important. Try to get the habit of sleeping on your side during the first months of pregnancy. As pregnancy progresses, the most comfortable position will be to lie on your side, knees bent. It will make it easier for the heart to function as the weight of the baby will not exert any pressure on the vein that carries blood back to the heart from the feet and legs.
Talk about sex during pregnancy with your doctor. If you have sex during pregnancy with your doctor, you should use a condom to avoid contracting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Because some STDs in the newborn can cause blindness, pneumonia, or meningitis, protecting yourself and the baby is important for you.
If you read books, attend classes, or consult reliable parenting websites, you can learn more about what happens when your mother. When you are pregnant and when you become a mother, your pediatrician, your parents, family members, and other adults can guide you.
Missed your period but don’t know whether you are pregnant or not? Some early symptoms of pregnancy may appear around the time you missed a period – or one or two weeks later. About 60% of women have symptoms of early pregnancy by 6 weeks, and about 90% of women have symptoms by 8 weeks.
If you are newly pregnant, feeling repelled by the smell of a bologna sandwich or a cup of coffee and triggering your gag reflex for certain aromas is not uncommon. While no one knows for sure, this may be a side effect of your system’s rapidly increasing amounts of oestrogen. You may also find that you are suddenly completely repulsive to some of the foods you used to enjoy.
During pregnancy, mood swings are common, partly due to hormonal changes affecting neurotransmitters (chemical brain messengers). Everyone is responding to these changes differently. Some moms experience increased emotions, good as well as bad, while others feel more depressed or anxious.
Hormonal changes in early pregnancy may cause you to feel bloated, similar to the feeling that some women have just before their time. That’s why at the waistline your clothes might feel snugger than usual, even early when your uterus is still quite small.
Shortly after you become pregnant, hormonal changes prompt a chain of events that raise your kidney’s blood flow rate. This makes filling your bladder faster, so you need to pee more frequently. As your pregnancy progresses, frequent urination will continue–or intensify. During pregnancy, your blood volume increases dramatically, resulting in extra fluid processing and ending up in your bladder. As your growing baby exerts more pressure on your bladder, the problem gets compounded.
Feeling suddenly tired? No one knows for sure what causes tiredness during early pregnancy, but it is possible that rapidly increasing hormone progesterone levels will contribute to your sleepiness. Naturally, morning sickness and frequent urination during the night can also add to your sluggishness.
One common symptom of pregnancy is sensitive, swollen breasts due to rising hormone levels. The sorrow and swelling may feel like an exaggerated version of how your breasts are feeling before your time. After the first trimester, your discomfort should decrease considerably as your body adjusts to hormonal changes.
It seems intuitive: the last thing you want to see is any spotting or vaginal bleeding if you’re trying to get pregnant. But if you only notice light spotting around the time your period is due, it might be bleeding from implantation. No one knows for sure why, but it may be caused by the fertilized egg settling into your uterus ‘ lining.
So, if you are usually quite regular and your period does not arrive on time, you may decide to take a pregnancy test before you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms. But if you’re not regular or you don’t keep track of your cycle, nausea and breast tenderness and extra bathroom trips may be some signs of pregnancy before you realize that you haven’t got your time.
Your immune system will naturally be weaker than usual during pregnancy. This means that you are more susceptible to certain infections and diseases that can harm you and your baby.
Immunization is a simple and effective way to prevent certain infections from protecting yourself and your child. Check that you have protection from diseases that can cause illness in you or your unborn baby before you become pregnant. In addition to routine immunizations such as tetanus and polio, pregnant women should be immune to hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella, varicose veins, whooping cough, and influenza. Before pregnancy, all women are supposed to get immunized as not all these vaccinations are suggested during pregnancy.
Vaccinations before pregnancy
During pregnancy, rubella infection can cause severe birth defects. If you were born after 1966, you might need a full protection booster vaccination. In consultation with your doctor, this should be done. It is recommended that you wait four weeks before trying to get pregnant after receiving this vaccine. Chickenpox infection can cause severe disease in you and your unborn baby during pregnancy. If you have immunity to this infection, a simple blood test can determine. Talk to your doctor about two doses of the vaccine for full immunity if you are not protected. It is recommended that you wait four weeks before trying to get pregnant after receiving this vaccine. For smokers and people with chronic heart, lung or kidney disease, or diabetes, it is recommended to protect against serious disease caused by pneumococcal disease. Vaccines not always recommended during pregnancy that are required to travel to other countries.
Safe vaccinations during pregnancy
Whooping cough can cause severe illness and even death in children under the age of six months. It is now recommended that all pregnant women be vaccinated during their third trimester with pertussis (whooping cough). A combination of antibodies passed through the bloodstream of the mother and the reduced risk of the disease contracting mother makes this an ideal time for administering the vaccine. Most places now offer free pertussis vaccination. Influenza can cause severe illness and pregnancy increases the risk of complications of flu, with the risk of serious complications up to five times higher than normal for pregnant women. Therefore, for all pregnant women, the flu vaccine is recommended and funded. The vaccine for influenza is safe and can be given before, during or after pregnancy.
If you are planning about pregnancy, discuss with your health care provider and you will be advised to take the vaccine in advance if required. You must know that while you are pregnant your partner and other family members must take the vaccine of flu. It will help in reducing the risk of your exposure and also your baby towards the flu. So, if all of the vaccines of you and your family are up-to-date, then there is no need for additional pertussis immunization.
Whenever you are getting pregnant whether it is planned or unplanned it provides you a different feeling and excitement. Also, it is the most important phase of your life when you take care of yourself the most. It will help in keeping you healthy as well as your baby. Eating proper foods, exercising properly, proper intake of supplements, by quitting alcohol and smoking and doing tests at regular time.
Now more important than ever is eating healthy food! More protein, iron, calcium, and folic acid are needed than you did before pregnancy. You need more calories as well. But “eating for two” is not twice as much as eating. Instead, it means the food you eat is your baby’s main source of nutrients. During your pregnancy, sensitive, balanced meals combined with regular physical fitness are still the best recipe for good health.
A pregnant woman needs more essential components such as many important vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. Every day making healthy food choices will help you develop what your baby needs. A healthy diet can include fish and shellfish. They are a great source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids that are heart healthy. Research also suggests that omega-3 fatty acids consumed by pregnant women can contribute to the development of the brain and eye of babies.
Your body needs even more water when you are pregnant to stay hydrated and support life within you. Also, water helps prevent constipation, hemorrhoids, excessive swelling, and infections of the urinary tract or bladder. Not getting enough water can result in early or premature labor.
Alcohol gets into your blood when you’re pregnant and you’re drinking beer, wine, hard liquor, or other alcoholic beverages. The alcohol in your blood comes through the umbilical cord into your baby’s body. Alcohol can slow the growth of the baby, affect the brain of the baby, and cause defects in birth. During pregnancy, moderate amounts of caffeine seem safe. Moderate means less than 200 mg of caffeine per day, which is the amount of caffeine in approximately 12 ounces. There is much less caffeine in most caffeinated teas and soft drinks. Some studies have shown a connection between higher quantities of caffeine and premature birth and miscarriage.
Fitness goes beside eating right during pregnancy to preserve your physical health and well-being. Healthy pregnant women should have a weekly aerobic activity of moderate intensity for at least 2 hours and 30 minutes. Spreading your workouts throughout the week is best. If you engage in aerobic activity of vigorous intensity or high amounts of activity on a regular basis, you can maintain your level of activity as long as your health does not change and you talk to your doctor about your level of activity during your pregnancy.
Exercise is a safe and valuable habit for most healthy moms who have no pregnancy-related issues. Still, before exercising during pregnancy, talk to your doctor or midwife. She or he can suggest a safe fitness plan for you. It is important for both inactive women and women who practiced before pregnancy to get advice from a doctor before starting a fitness routine.
Cord blood banking Working group had prepared a guideline that explains the collection and banking procedure for the healthcare professionals of Canada. This piece will help to know the details about the umbilical cord blood banking.
The first umbilical cord transplant was done in the year of 1988 which is used for bone marrow transplant as an alternate of hematopoietic stem cells. Cord blood has many benefits over bone marrow and mobilized peripheral blood stem cells needed for transplantation, along with its availability, minimized risks for the donor, fewer requirements for HLA matching, and lower chances of GVHD. Establishing various cord blood banks has enabled transplant centers across the world to get quick access to appropriate cord blood units. In addition, more than 30,000 of cord blood transplantation has been done till date.
For blood-forming stem cells, umbilical cord blood is highly enriched and offers some advantages in setting the transplants. It can be found easily in the cord blood inventories by the use of advanced search algorithms in relation to the established guidelines. Another advantage of using cord blood is its increased flexibility in matching HLA, although fully matched CBUs are connected with the best outcomes during cord blood transplantation. The major drawback of cord blood transplantation is the limited dose available in CBUs of stem cells. UCB volume limits the usefulness of cord blood transplantation for larger recipients, including most adults, but even in pediatric transplantation, it remains a problem.
A recent data analysis evaluated the use of transplant utilizing umbilical cord blood stored in with a public bank or in private banks. A CBU kept in a public bank is available to any patient for a transplant and is therefore not restricted for the donating family. There is no guarantee with public banks that donors or members of their family will necessarily have access in the future to their specific donor unit. Umbilical CBUs processed for private family use.
In case of private banks, the newborn child’s family pays a fee to process and store the CBU, and typically the mother is named the banked CBU’s legal custodian. The banked CBU is therefore only accessible to the family that banked it and will be available if and when necessary.
Despite of increasing proof of the therapeutic value of stem cells derived from umbilical cord and promoting the collection of umbilical cord blood for allogeneic, family-driven, or autologous media use, surveys reveal that the majority of pregnant women (70 to 80 percent) lack the understanding of stem cells and cord blood banking and need more details. In assessing their decisions, women might be encouraged to donate the umbilical cord blood of their baby to a public cord blood bank. However, as an immoral act of responsibility, she must store their baby’s cord blood to a private bank for the benefit of both the child and immediate family member’s future.
Most women experience a common yeast infection known as vaginal thrush with occasional bouts. It causes the vagina and surrounding area to itch, irritate, and swell, sometimes with a creamy white cheese like discharge from the vagina.
Pregnant women are especially susceptible to yeast infections. With so much heading on when you’re expecting, the last thing you need is a relief from an itchy yeast infection. Unfortunately, rising levels of estrogen that come with a bun in the oven increase your risk of one, making yeast infections the most common vaginal infection during pregnancy. Indeed, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 75 percent of all adult women have had at least one yeast infection in their lifetime. The best thing is yeast infections do not affect your pregnancy or your baby-to-be while uncomfortable for the mother-to-be.
Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of a vaginal fungus called Candida albicans, which is otherwise normal. When bacteria and yeast balance in the vagina are changed, this yeast can overgrow and cause symptoms when estrogen levels rise due to pregnancy, oral contraceptive use, or estrogen therapy. Excess moisture can also exasperate an imbalance, creating a more welcoming environment for fungal growth for your nether regions.
A significant increase in vaginal discharge during pregnancy is normal: thin, milky, mild-smelling, voluminous matter is so common that it has a name: leukorrhea. However, a yeast infection makes your discharge white, lumpy and odorless. You will also probably experience itching and burning out of the area called the vulva outside the vagina, which may look red and swollen. Other symptoms of yeast infection during intercourse may include painful urination and discomfort.
Luckily, infections with yeast are not dangerous and rarely are more than an irritating inconvenience. But when you get into work, if you have a yeast infection, it can be passed on to your baby during delivery, like the fungus that causes vaginal yeast infections can also cause a yeast imbalance in the mouth. In this case, when you breastfeed, your newborn may develop white patches in the mouth that can be passed back to you. Fortunately, you can easily treat thrush with a mild baby antifungal medication and an antifungal cream.
Even if you have previously had yeast infections and are a self-diagnosing professional, it is best to call your healthcare provider before using over-the-counter medication. You may be able to take an antifungal cream or vaginal suppository over-the-counter or prescribed. Keep in mind that these treatments may take several days before they bring relief and that even if you start feeling better, you should continue to use the medication as long as your practitioner has suggested — which may be one week or more. Unfortunately, medication can only temporarily ban a yeast infection; the infection often returns during the time of pregnancy and might require frequent treatment.