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Utilizing DNA Testing

Have you always been interested in learning more about your ancestry? Do you want to know who you might be related to? To answer these questions, you could do hundreds of hours of genealogy research. While you may get answers, there could be a lot of gray area and inconclusive answers. Or, you could get DNA testing done, specifically testing ancestry DNA in Merrillville and Hammond, IN. For that, rely on Choice DNA. We provide some of the best services for low costs in your area. Call us today at 800-219-4362 to schedule an appointment for genetic and DNA testing.

Ancestry DNA, Is It Worth It?

For anyone interested in learning more about their familial history, then an ancestry DNA test is a great decision. Otherwise, is DNA testing even worth it? The answer is, yes! Ancestry and relationship dna testing is a good choice for anyone. And now there are several options on the market and companies like Choice DNA that offer easy and affordable testing. DNA testing is important for a number of reasons, one of them being the chance to identify genetic abnormalities. With a DNA test, you can better understand why yourself as well as your families genetic makeup. It can even be used to determine the familial link between supposed relatives. Even if you don’t have a specific reason for a test, having one completed can be incredibly beneficial. In fact, there are several uses for an ancestry dna test if you are needing the push to get one done.

Uses for Ancestry DNA Testing

Ancestry DNA testing can be used for a variety of reasons. If you are considering having a test done, there is a lot that you can do with the information, including:

  • Paternity testing: One of the more common uses for DNA testing is to determine paternity. Because more chromosomes are passed through the father, paternity tests are bought and ordered more often. These tests will determine the familiarity between the paternal side and the tested subject.
  • Family Tree growth: Ancestry DNA testing is more popularly being used to help further family tree growth. These tests can help you identify genetic ancestors that may have been missed in earlier genealogy tests. DNA testing cannot tell you the race or ethnicity of an ancestor, but it can tell you who you may be genetically related to.
  • Criminal Investigations: For a long time now, DNA testing has been used in criminal investigations. The use of these tests helps to determine connections between crimes and criminals. A DNA test can also be used to help confirm your innocence if you are charged with a crime.
  • Genetic testing: A major reason for DNA testing to help families determine any genetic markers that may be passed down the ancestral line. Commonly, it is used to find potential genetic abnormalities and to determine the likelihood of being passed on to another generation

Completing a DNA test or even an ancestry DNA test can provide you with a whole host of information. What you choose to do with it is up to you. When you want to know more about yourself or your ancestors, let Choice DNA help. We can provide efficient testing when you want to know about your ancestry DNA in Merrillville and Hammond, IN.

Ancestry DNA vs Family Tree

There is a bit of a misconception about ancestry DNA testing. Many believe that these tests will provide them race or ethnic information about their ancestors, which isn’t true. Ancestry DNA testing will help to genetically link you to your ancestors. This can be beneficial in growing or improving upon your family tree. These tests look through genetic markers within your familial line to find common connections. Ancestry DNA with traits that match would make you relatives of some sort. Many people may feel off-put by an ancestry DNA cost to test, which is reasonable. There are several options that are expensive, but if you go through Choice DNA, you get affordable costs for the same services.

Frequently Asked Questions
  • Can you tell your heritage through DNA?
    • Ancestry DNA tests cannot tell you about the race, ethnicity, or reveal exactly where you ancestors are from. DNA testing is designed to help determine genetic markers that are passed down from either your mother or your father.  
  • Is ancestry DNA maternal or paternal?
    • It can be either or. Depending on what you are looking for, test can be designed to specifically look at the DNA passed from either your mother or your father.
  • Do you inherit more DNA from mother or father?
    • Genetically speaking, you will inherit more from your father than you will your mother. That being said, because chromosomes from both parents are essentially reshuffled completely, it is hard to trace genealogy back very far. Even with that in mind, studies show that fathers will pass more DNA to their sons without much change.
  • How accurate is ancestry DNA test?
    • Ancestry DNA tests are 99.9% accurate. That means you may learn you have a percentage of American Indian ancestry, but it can’t determine if that came from your father or your mother’s side. They would have have to be tested to determine that.
  • Can ancestry DNA results be wrong?
    • Yes, they can in the sense that they are either read or interpreted incorrectly. What that means is, the way a DNA test is set up to read a sample could miss or exclude certain information that would provide a more accurate answer.
Connect With Choice DNA to Learn More About Ancestry DNA Testing in Your Area

Rely on Choice DNA when you need any kind of genetic testing completed. We are a team of experts that can efficiently and professionally provide the answers you need. Call us at 800-219-4362 to test ancestry DNA in Merrillville and Hammond, IN and the surrounding areas.

What does the ancestry DNA test tell you? was last modified: June 3rd, 2019 by Choice DNA

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Our Team Provides Forensic Testing Services that are Admissible in Court.

If you’ve ever watched a crime drama on television, then you’ve probably heard the phrase “forensic testing” before. On TV, it’s what the scientist does that leads to finding suspects. It usually also means catching the criminal in the last 10 minutes of the show. While this process actually exists, it is not normally as fast or as easy as entertainment makes it out to be. What is a forensic test? Forensics testing is a process by which lab technicians examine deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, to determine the identity of a person attached to the sample for a number of different reasons. The most common is usually related to criminal activity and trying to determine whether a suspect committed a crime or did not. It is an excellent tool for determining a person’s identity when you absolutely need to know. There are several different ways to examine a DNA specimen to determine who it belongs to. Experts collect these DNA samples are from internal or external sources. For instance, blood or skill cells are very valuable genetic materials for forensic testing. But how is forensic testing done?

Forensic Testing Methods

The forensic DNA testing process is completed in several different ways and methods. While different scenarios call for different kinds of forensic DNA testing, the following are the most common that scientists and lab technicians could use.

We Use Forensic Testing for Criminal Cases, Paternity Tests, and Even to Verify Your Identity.

  • Short Tandem Repeat (STR) This method is the most-used for crime scene investigation and crime-related forensic testing types. It relies on a genetic sample about the size of a quarter to get results. It is useful for more most situations that require forensic testing, and the FBI has an established database for forensic labs that use this process to help create a baseline for the standard tested 13 specific STR loci. That’s because the likelihood that two people who aren’t identical twins will have the same exact 13 STR loci is approximately one in one billion.
  • Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) This method was used to build the earliest form of genetic fingerprinting. This can be used to identify suspects from genetic material left at a scene. RFLP is still useful for finding markers that point to genetic disorders or diseases. Scientists used RFLP to map the human genome.
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) This method of DNA replication copies small DNA samples. The process uses polymerase to replicate different strands of sample DNA to create more useable material for other testing methods. It is important for tests that require larger amounts of DNA or for increasing the usability of small samples. PCR helps build a DNA profile.
  • Y-Chromosome Analysis Y Chromosomes are passed directly from father to son. Y chromosome analysis is perfect for determining paternity in males. This makes it valuable to situations involving inheritance, infidelity, or a simple test to determine parentage. It helps determine the number of men involved in specific crimes by identifying different y-chromosomes in genetic samples.
  • Mitochondrial Analysis This forensic testing technique uses information from a different part of the cell than STR testing methods. It’s possible to gain DNA evidence from materials like bones and hair fragments with mitochondrial analysis. That means old evidence would still be useful for this updated testing technique.
Do Forensic Scientists go to the Crime Scene?

Watching crime dramas might lead you to believe that the people who do forensic testing services show up at different crime scenes in a pair of sunglasses with a witty retort. While it is possible for actual forensic scientists to go to the field if necessary, they spend most of their time in a lab running tests. Crime scene investigators spend a large part of their training learning the best evidence gathering techniques. This guarantees that forensic scientists get what they need to conduct forensic tests and get results.

Forensics and Crime

We Offer Forensic Testing that Gets Results When You Need Them.

How are forensics used to solve crimes? We’ve identified some of the different types of forensic testing methods used by laboratories around the world. But that doesn’t answer how it’s possible to catch a criminal with these tests. Forensic science compares genetic markers from the suspect and a sample left at the crime scene. This helps exonerate or incriminate someone the police have in custody. It is also useful for determining who is related and if someone is who they claim to be when someone wants to claim an inheritance. It is even possible to identify a narcotic with forensic drug testing. The process is useful for identifying types of drugs, as well as the person or entity that produced it based on its chemical makeup. How long do forensic tests take? It depends on the type of testing the forensic scientists are running, versus how much genetic material they have at their disposal. Some tests take anywhere between 24 to 72 hours. But due diligence means that some tests might take even longer. If you’re in need of a lab for forensic testing in the Merrillville and Hammond, IN area, contact the genetic testing experts of Choice DNA at 800-219-4362 for lab results that are reliable and admissible in a court of law.

What is Forensic Testing Used for? was last modified: April 2nd, 2019 by Choice DNA

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We provide services for parents who want or need to determine paternity as fast as possible.

There are many reasons why someone might want to test the paternity of their child or children. Maybe a past tryst has made a parent uncertain about who is the father of her child. An expecting mother might want to ensure the right man is raising their children. Or maybe two parents just want to be sure. Whatever the reason, there are many new options for a parent who wants to test the paternity of their child. Now, labs can test paternity as early as 9 weeks in to the mothers’ pregnancy.

How Do They Test For Paternity?

There are several ways to test paternity. Postnatal paternity testing can be performed by collecting cheek swabs or performing blood tests. Labs and hospitals can collect samples from all of the parties involved and test the connection between the parents (or alleged parents) and the children. For a paternity test for an unborn child, you can still perform blood tests. The child’s DNA can be detected in the mother’s blood, and so it is possible to perform a non-invasive DNA paternity test. There are other, more invasive options, but they carry greater risks.

Non-Invasive Prenatal Paternity Testing

Pros:

  • Performed at home
  • No risk of inducing miscarriage
  • Results posted online
  • Blood sample collection
  • Testing by week 9 of pregnancy
  • Results as quickly as 3-7 business days

Cons:

  • Potential for human error
  • Requires mail system
Invasive Prenatal Paternity Testing

Pros:

  • Sample collection performed by professionals
  • A more in-depth test

Cons:

  • Small chance of pregnancy complication (including potential for miscarriage)
  • Requires driving to a hospital or lab, which may not be nearby

With this information, individuals will have to decide for themselves “What is the best paternity test?” While the risk of minor and major pregnancy complications is relatively small, most parents would probably choose the more cautious route of a non-invasive prenatal DNA paternity test.

Are Home Paternity Tests Accurate?

Some people might question the accuracy of a paternity test you can conduct yourself in your own home. As long as both potential parents submit samples, the results returned are up to 99.9% accuracy. But can paternity DNA test be wrong? The only thing that could reduce the accuracy of the test is tampering or human error. However, parents could always seek a second opinion if they’re unsure of the outcome of their paternity test, regardless of the accuracy listed on the original test.

Paternity Testing for Family Court

Questioning paternity can cause problems, but our team offers solutions.

This raises another concern of a barrier someone wanting a paternity test might run into. What if only one person wants to test the paternity of their child? Can a father ask for a paternity test? What if a mother wants to test who the father of her baby is, but the potential father refuses a paternity test? Each instance raises its own set of complications and problems. For a person caught in a scenario like this, the answer is usually getting a court ordered paternity test. If a father wants to test the paternity of a child that he thinks is his, he must file the necessary paperwork and submit it to family court. If the potential father is unwilling or unable to get the court ordered paternity test, or wants to wait, there is always the potential for a test after the child is born. Cheek swabs from the potential father and the child can be compared for paternity without the mother’s DNA.

If a potential father is trying to get the family court to force a paternity test, then he should avoid signing the birth certificate. Family court as an institution sees signing the birth certificate as an acknowledgment of paternity, and will not require a DNA test if his signature is on the paperwork.

Does a Paternity Test Give a Father Rights? Unfortunately, a paternity test only proves parentage. Only the court can resolve issues regarding paternity testing and child support, or custody issues This is a section of the paperwork regarding family court. Instead of just filing for paternity, a potential father can file for paternity and custody.

Even when only one person questions paternity, we can deliver the answers.

At the same time, a mother can utilize the family court in the same way and file to establish paternity with family court. This is the best way to ensure a custody and support agreement is reached if a man does not want to submit to a paternity test and refuses to sign the birth certificate. In cases where the mother wants to establish paternity, but the alleged father does not, a non-invasive, prenatal DNA paternity test is easier to get. If the father wants the paternity test, but the mother does not, the time it takes the courts to mandate a paternity test make a DNA paternity test before the child is born unlikely.

For more information about non-invasive DNA paternity testing, contact the experts at Choice DNA.

Does Paternity Testing Work? was last modified: January 30th, 2019 by Choice DNA

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Suspicions of Infidelity Can Lead to Paranoia, Self-Doubt, and Fear.

In an ideal world, no marriage would ever have to suffer the turmoil of infidelity. Unfortunately, it happens all the time, to husbands and wives alike. What’s worse, when you consider all the events that can shake a marriage, including money problems, parental burnout, meddling in-laws, poor communication, addiction, or the collision of careers and home life, none create as big a disturbance as infidelity. Quite often, an extramarital affair will doom a marriage. This can happen immediately after discovery, or even years later, when the cheated-upon spouse finally realizes they checked out long before. The total destruction of trust, which forms the bedrock of every marriage. serves to explain the level of infidelity’s impact.

At Choice DNA, we understand that nothing creates more anxiety and distress than the suspicion of infidelity. As you wonder if your spouse has cheated, the uncertainly will overtake your entire life. You will become suspicious of their every word and action, second-guess everything they say, become paranoid and obsessive, and, sadly enough, perhaps begin to doubt your own sanity. In circumstances like these, you need answers. At Choice DNA, we can provide this through infidelity testing. To learn more about this service, including how we test for infidelity in Merrillville and Hammond, IN, call us today at __PHONE__.

Why Infidelity Happens

Of course, most victims of infidelity rarely experience anything close to resolution upon the confirmation of their fears. In fact, knowing the truth about an unfaithful spouse often proves just the beginning of even more questions and uncertainty. The question of “why” often proves paramount. In many cases, the cheating spouse themselves cannot even answer this question. According to psychologists, however, adultery tends to occur for the following reasons.

Emotional Disconnection: Most people are surprised to learn that emotional distance serves as the number one reason for infidelity. Cheaters typically cite loneliness and a feeling of isolation as they seek validation outside the marriage. An emotional affair may begin, in which they begin to feel appreciated. Eventually, this emotional connection will flower into a physical relationship.

Physical Gratification: It’s typical for the blast of sexual passion that defines a relationship’s honeymoon phase to dissipate. At that point, some marriages settled into a sexual rut, while others define new ways to explore sexuality as an exciting extension of personal discovery. While the latter serves to indicate a healthy marriage, the former sets up prime conditions for an affair.

Circumstantial: Believe it or not, affairs sometimes occur in relationships for neither emotional nor physical reasons. They simply develop according to circumstance. For example, one spouse might travel often for work. One night, while at a conference, they have one too many drinks at the hotel bar, and fall into bed with the flirtatious stranger who sits down next to them. These types of affairs can often prove the most damaging, simply because there is no definitive reason.

Surviving Infidelity: How Infidelity Changes You

Sexual and Emotional Distance Are Prime Causes of Adultery.

Should a couple decide to stay together in the aftermath of infidelity, they should expect broad changes to the relationship. Every day will come with challenges, as both partners try to navigate the wreckage of their initial commitment. The victim will find it difficult, if not downright impossible, to trust their spouse. The cheater, on the other hand, may have to deal with self-esteem issues, along with a relentless sense of guilt and shame. Counseling will often prove necessary to support the marriage’s survival. The victim, in particular, can expect the following repercussions in the aftermath of an extramarital affair.

  • Total Loss of Trust
  • Disintegration of Confidence in Your Marriage, Your Spouse, and Yourself
  • Realignment of Priorities, Including Career, Children, and Personal Goals
  • Massive Shifts in Libido, Both Negative and Positive

Of course, it’s not uncommon for marriages afflicted with adultery to fail altogether. Though infidelity and divorce often seem like concomitant terms, however, statistics prove otherwise. Believe it or not, 70 percent of marriages with a cheating partner wind up surviving. This proves that it’s not all doom and gloom in the aftermath of an affair. Some marriages can even emerge stronger than ever. This occurs due to the intense work that both spouses must perform to keep the marriage going. Over time, this crucible can refine and evolve a marriage, make it tougher, more resilient, and, surprisingly enough, stronger than ever before.

Infidelity FAQ

What Are Signs of Infidelity?

It’s important to keep in mind that a cheating spouse may exhibit all the common signs of infidelity, or none at all. Every situation has its own particulars. However, commonly cited reasons to suspect infidelity include:

  • Positive Changes in Personal Appearance
  • Dramatically Different Attitude to the Spouse
  • Emotional Distance
  • Guilt-Ridden Behavior
  • Odd or Unusual Behavior or Changes in Routine
  • Lots of “Late Nights at the Office”, i.e. They Always Seem Busy
  • Frequently Don’t Answer Their Phone or Respond Promptly to Messages
  • Drastic Changes in Sexual Behavior
  • The Sudden Appearance of a “New Friend”
  • Extreme Defensiveness

What Do You Call Someone Who Commits Infidelity?

There are typically many names that a victim will call his or her cheating spouse. The technical term is “adulterer”, however.

Can Someone Go to Jail for Adultery?

Believe it or not, adultery is a crime in 21 states. Punishments range from a $10 fine in Maryland, to three years in jail in Massachusetts.

Do Marriages Survive Infidelity?

Yes. Despite the fact that 62 percent of people say they would leave their adulterous spouse, 70 percent of marriages survive the turmoil.

Will Infidelity Happen Again?

The  old adage of “once a cheater, always a cheater” is simply not true. In most cases, the work done to keep a marriage going after an affair suffices to snuff out the conditions that led to the affair. In the case of spouses who cheat time and again, sex addiction represents the most likely cause.

Infidelity: What Does It Mean? was last modified: December 10th, 2018 by Choice DNA

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To Effectively Protect Your Business Drug Users, You Should Know a Drug Test Time Table.

If you are an employer who performs drug tests, you’ve likely come to rely on them to identify problematic or troubled employees. Drug tests can also serve as an important tool in the hiring process, as they allow you to pass on candidates with unacceptable habits. Unfortunately, drug testing has its limits. In order for your drug testing to serve an effective purpose, you must schedule it with frequent regularity. Otherwise, drugs will simply evaporate from an employee’s system. In order to judge a test’s effectiveness, it also behooves you to know the limit of a drug test time table.

Drug Test Time Table

If you schedule tests carefully, you can effectively capture evidence of any drug in the system of a user. Certain drugs are easier to detect than others, however, thanks to length of time they remain in a person’s system. For each drug, we’ve identified the upper limit of its presence.

  • Alcohol: Five days in urine, 12 hours in blood.
  • Amphetamines: Three days in urine, 12 hours in blood
  • Barbiturates: Four days in urine, two days in blood
  • Benzodiazepines: Six weeks in urine, three days in blood
  • Marijuana: 30 days in urine, two weeks in blood
  • Cocaine: Four days in urine, two days in blood
  • Codeine: One day in urine, 12 hours in blood
  • Heroin: Four days in urine, 12 hours in blood
  • LSD: Three days in urine, three hours in blood
  • MDMA (ecstasy): Four days in urine, two days in blood
  • Methamphetamine (crystal meth): Six days in urine, 72 hours in blood
  • Methadone: Four days in urine, 36 hours in blood
  • Morphine: Three days in urine, eight hours in blood

Based on the preceding information, you can clearly see that urine tests are more effective for the longer-term detection of drug use. At Choice DNA, we proudly provide for this test, and can ensure accurate results. To learn more about the benefits of drug testing, or to clarify a drug test time table, call __PHONE__ today.

The Limits of Drug Testing was last modified: October 12th, 2018 by Choice DNA

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Discovering more about your ancestry and filling out your family tree is a fun activity you may be considering. Ancestry DNA testing can help! This testing service can use maternal DNA, paternal DNA, or both to help you fill in the blanks and identify your bio-geographic ancestry. Many people have heard of the benefits of ancestry DNA testing but have yet to get it out of concerns of how beneficial it would actually be to them. There are a plethora of reasons to get one of these DNA tests:

  • Assists in your DNA Research by pointing you in the right direction
  • Allows you to track your family’s migration
  • You can research your family’s surname
  • The test is comparatively cheap and simple
  • It can be fun!

With an ancestry test, you can even connect with living relatives that you did not know about previously and have a history to pass on to the next generation. With so many advantages, what’s stopping you from getting an Ancestry DNA test today?

How Long Does It Take to Get Results?

At Choice DNA, we believe in giving affordable and accurate DNA testing to our clients. In order to ensure you get the best results for your research, we compile the results and send them to you as soon as possible within a period of two to five business days. While that may seem like a long time, you can guarantee that our results will give you the information you need and be helpful in your search. Choice DNA is your source for quality DNA testing services, providing you with documentation appropriate your needs in an extensive range of testing needs. Contact us today at 800-219-4362.

Why do Ancestry DNA Testing? was last modified: September 11th, 2018 by Choice DNA

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