A new set of rules, regarding receiving equal pay for doing the equal work are now being implemented in Ontario. The requirement is that all the categories of employees – part-time, seasonal and casual, must get the payment at the same rate. This rate is comparable to the rate of full-time employees in case they do the same types of jobs.
Upcoming new rules
These rules will come into effect from April 1. They are a part Fair Workplaces, Better Jobs Act of the province. It is the similar law which had increased the minimum wages in Ontario (to $14 per hour) on the arrival of the New Year.
These rules are pioneering in nature. It is the first area in North America which will pay equally to the employees working in part-time basis.
Presently, the rules have made an amendment to the Employment Standards Act of the province. It says that the state employers cannot make a less payment to a temporary or part-time worker. The rate in question was the one making the payment to full-time workers if they do the same kind of work. It also mentioned about the same skills and efforts needed, and discharging similar responsibility. There was also a clause regarding doing work in similar conditions.
The law permitted exemptions which are based on merit, seniority, or a measuring system to know earnings by quality/quantity of production.
The government in Ontario says that these rules will give protection to temporary workers. Presently, the part-time workers represent 20 percent of total workforce.
Employees get a right
In these rules, the employees get a right to request about reviewing their pay rate. This will be considered in case they are not receiving equal pay for their work compared to full-time employees. The employer must respond to this request. He must adjust the pay, or give an explanation in writing for the issue.
Furthermore, the New Act will give protection to workers if any impact happens for inquiring regarding this pay rate. They also get protection, when they ask other employees regarding their wage.
All Agencies must presently ensure that the temporary employees receive proper payments. This must be similar to wage paid to full-time workers when they are doing a similar task.
There is an observation in the province, in the past 20 years, that the Temporary Help Agencies have come up everywhere. They are creating troubles like the happening of permanent – cum temporary workers. Here, the workers get contracts consecutively, and they do not get jobs in Ontario for full-time. In fact, they get the payment at a low rate and also do not receive any benefits.
The Saskatchewan Employment Act had been introduced in 2014, and the Occupational Health and Safety Act had been repealed, leading to an increase of fines in workplaces. Owing to this, for a corporation, the fines for fatalities in Saskatchewan touched $1.5 million. The figure for an individual was $500,000. There is a trend across the country, and fines for workplace injuries have increased. This phenomenon is noticeable in the past years. Moreover, the courts are imposing heavy fines. In January 2018, a corporate employer in Saskatchewan was made to pay a fine of $420,000. This was payable for a fatality that had happened three years ago.
Many Employers in the provinces and territories face charges and have to pay fines for workplace injuries. The reason is an unsafe behavior, neglecting safety, leading to injuries, and causing of fatal incidents. Not considering the jurisdiction, employers must ensure the health, welfare, and safety at work. There must be in a reasonable and practical approach to all workers.
Moreover, the requirements are giving a proper training to employees, supplying protective equipment, and protection against hazards. There is a great need to ensure proper safeguards, and maintain a committee specifically for health and safety.
They must also ensure to have competent managers and supervisors in the workplace. These professionals must set a few standards to address hazards. They must supervise to see that all employees are comfortable to raise the dangers and lead by example. They also need to respect safe work practices. Any supervisor who does not promote a culture of safety is a liability to the employer.
Employers who neglect safety, and fail to give it a priority must pay a heavy fine. This attitude can lead to workplace incidents and a risky end. Through such acts, there is an impact on the morale of an employee. Moreover, there are negative press articles, and it impacts on corporate goodwill also. This will require many years to recover.
Thus, the Employers must ensure that present procedures, policies, and practices in safety are sufficient for their work. Establishing a safe workplace, and maintaining a culture of safety at the workplace, will give benefits. This will lead to fewer workplace incidents. It will lead to improved occupational health. The payment of safety will also be reduced significantly.
Eighty human rights groups have signed an open letter, which applauds the move of the government, requiring all the groups, which seek funds through the Canada Summer Jobs program, to affix their signature, on an attestation, mentioning that they extend support to constitutional rights in Canada, and also the right to reproductive choice.
Effective result of coordination
The letter was the result of coordination of Action Canada for Sexual Health and Rights, as well as National Association of Women and the Law –NAWL. It praises the government for a move, which some advocates feel, that it targets anti-abortion and anti-gay groups, restricting their access to funds, and is used in supporting activities, which restrict access to abortion, and also discriminates against Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Transgenders, and Queer Canadians.
The attestation demands, that all groups, which seek federal funding, in this program, must sign, mentioning that the organizational mandate, and duties of the job, to be funded by the grants, gives respect to the individual human rights in the country, and also the values fundamental to the Canadian Charter of Rights, and Freedoms, along with other rights.
Among the other rights are reproductive rights, and the right not to be discriminated, on the parameters of sex or religion, race or national origin, ethnic origin, the color of the individual, mental disability, physical disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity or gender expression.
The change facilitated in this program, which is used by the government, to offer subsidy to summer employment of students in the age range between 15 and 30 years, who return to school in the fall, focuses on anti-gay and anti-abortion groups, which have been using the program, for activities like displaying and distributing, explicit posters of bloody foetuses.
No plans to restrict women rights
Patty Hajdu, Employment Minister, has mentioned that the Canadian Centre for Bio-Ethical Reform, a recipient of thousands of dollars in the program in the past, is one such group, which plans to restrict the right of women, in Canada, to seek an abortion and they must not be permitted to get federal funds.
Abortion is not listed as a right in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, but the Supreme Court made a decision in 1988, that the law prevalent at that time which restricted abortions, was unconstitutional.
Some conservative religious groups accused the government that it had violated their right to freedom of belief, as well as freedom of conscience, by forcing them to sign the attestation, which essentially betrays their beliefs.
Federal Court intervention
An anti-abortion group filed a suit in the Federal Court, alleging the requirement of attestation was a violation of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and made a plea to the court for reversing the change.
In an open letter sent to PM Trudeau, several prominent leaders and 80 human rights groups extended their support to opt for the attestation.
They were confident that the safeguards that were introduced into the CSJ program were non-discriminatory, and did not infringe on the freedom of religion, or conscience, and did not affect any rights enjoyed by the people in Canada. Many prominent groups also attached their signatures to the letter.
PM defends the decision
PM Trudeau defended the decision and has spoken against anti-abortion groups saying that they were not synchronized with the Canadian society. The government will not fund a group, which restricted women, from seeking an abortion.
Talking about Money has always remained a sensitive subject. Negotiating a salary in the workplace is a delicate matter. All job seekers must research, to know how worthy their services are, and what is the exact amount that they need to demand, as their salary. We present some jobs which are more competitive compared to others. On an average, they have a current pay of more than $100, 000 per year.
The candidates must look at them closely, see what they involve, and know the qualifications needed. Healthcare, technology and business roles dominate this list.
Jobs that pay more than $100,000: A deep dive
Deal with disorders of the nervous system. Obtaining an undergraduate degree, followed by a graduate degree in medicine and neurosurgical residency training leads to the physician being certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. They draw an average salary of $217,837.
Deal with the brain and are skilled to diagnose and treat behavioral, emotional and mental disorders. There are Specializations like adolescent psychiatry, addiction, and geriatric areas. Psychiatrists draw an average salary of $194,563 and employment is expected to increase by 15% in the next decade.
Anaesthesiologists, make the medical procedures less painful. They draw an average yearly salary of $173,694. They are certified by the American Board of Anaesthesiology.
Radiologists are experts in dealing with medical imaging techniques like CT scans and X-rays to examine within our bodies and diagnose the conditions which are hidden from the naked eye. The field of Radiology has the disciplines of radiation oncology and diagnostic radiology which pays $168,706 on an average per year. They are required to adhere to the educational requirements specified by The American Board of Radiology.
Physicians practice medicine, and focus on a specialty, and treat a wide range of illnesses. They draw an average yearly salary of $165,391 and the demand for their services is likely to increase owing to the aging population.
It can both be generalists or specialists. They offer a wide range of services like orthodontists for straightening the teeth, periodontists for healthy gums, and prosthodontists meant for replacing missing teeth. Their Employment is anticipated to grow at a rate of 17% in the next decade. Several dentists manage their own practices, needing acumen and interpersonal skills. The dentists make $157,250 annually.
Product Managers bind together the variety of functions of a product. The role requires leadership qualities besides skill in designing, making a strategy, and marketing. They annually make an average $147, 36. Their career is attained through a bachelor’s degree in marketing, business, finance, IT, or the liberal arts but an MBA is preferred.
Surgeons work together with physicians and treat injuries and deformities. They draw an average yearly salary of $140,892. They undergo training before getting a license and are certified by the American Board of Surgery. Their learning never discontinues and they share a culture, communicate with each other and exchange experiences to enhance their techniques and practices.
Machine Learning Engineers
Machine learning engineers deal with self-driving cars, Robots, and virtual personal assistants and make an average salary of $137,332 per year. It requires a degree in the domain of statistics, IT, or computer science, and an aptitude for writing code and experimentation. Data intuition and being comfortable with the process of development take it to the desired goal.
Sales as a career are suited for someone with the power of persuasion. Professionals have ascended to the level of Vice President of sales, which requires expertise in planning, implementing, and achieving quotas. a bachelor’s degree in business or a related field and relevant job experience are sufficient Qualifications. The average pay drawn annually is $136,071.
Data scientists receive $135,315 per year. It needs a bachelor’s degree followed by a master’s in statistics, computer science, or mathematics they require an expertise in coding languages like Python, SQL, and R.
Chief Financial Officers
Chief Financial Officers take care of the financial health of an organization and earn an average yearly salary of $127,887. They prepare financial reports and develop strategies to meet financial goals. They must know the technological change for taking important decisions.
Today Android operating system reaches more than 2 billion active devices monthly. The android developers, develop applications for the platform and receive an average annual salary of $120,971. They have a master’s degree in computer science, mathematics, and possess an expertise in programming languages, like Android SDK, Java, and C++.
A Software Engineer is great at coding and works with different teams. On an average, it pays $119,791 per year.
Possess specialized knowledge of all stages of Software Development Process. They draw an average annual salary of $111,709.
They are experts using mathematics and statistics in analyzing financial risk and uncertainty. Most of them work for insurance companies and receive an average yearly salary of $111,474. Having a bachelor’s degree in Mathematics/Statistics and being become certified by the Casualty Actuarial Society is a must.
They are involved in preparing and examining financial records. They ensure accuracy and prepare taxes to be paid on time. They earn an average yearly salary of $108,515. a bachelor’s/master’s degree in accounting and CPA certification in the state of residence are required. There is a growing need for them in the next decade.