Toronto is a major hub of Ontario and has a strong presence of technology based workers. In a recent study, the cause for this positive development has been the fast track visa policy of the Government in Canada. Consequently, the city and the country both have a great demand for skilled personnel. They can arrive here and lead a good life by doing professional work happily in the country. Furthermore, Canada selects technology based immigrants, and Toronto is a popular destination for them. There is sufficient data to show this fact.
The top nations
The USA, India, China, Brazil and the UK are the top countries from where these qualified immigrants arrive in large numbers. These workers are hired by the technology firms which are present in large numbers in Toronto. In the light of these facts, the top areas of activity preferred by the international professionals are engineering and Sales. These are followed by marketing, data specialists, operations and C-suite executives.
Toronto is located in Ontario and the two ways to settle here permanently are through:
1) The federal program of Express Entry
2) The Ontario Immigration Nominee Program
A Recent survey
A recent survey says that there were more than 50 tech firms which have an active presence in Toronto. They experience a top growth rate and are hiring many overseas workers. In 2017 there were more applicants in comparison to 2016.
As per the record, the Tech firms in Toronto prefer to hire foreign workers. The popular program in use is the Global Talent Stream, for seeking qualified professionals. Furthermore, this program has been initiated in 2017. Presently, there is a shortage of skilled workers and employers are hiring them on a bigger salaries in Toronto.
Firstly, the good feature of the Global Talent Stream is that it puts the candidates in a fast-track. This system is reserved for companies which have a record of high-growth. They are in a position to hire skilled workers who are experts or possess rare qualifications.
Moreover, it permits employers, research institutions and universities to seek international talent to Canada for a short period. Through this, they can achieve progress and contribute to the growth of the nation.
A new set of rules, regarding receiving equal pay for doing the equal work are now being implemented in Ontario. The requirement is that all the categories of employees – part-time, seasonal and casual, must get the payment at the same rate. This rate is comparable to the rate of full-time employees in case they do the same types of jobs.
Upcoming new rules
These rules will come into effect from April 1. They are a part Fair Workplaces, Better Jobs Act of the province. It is the similar law which had increased the minimum wages in Ontario (to $14 per hour) on the arrival of the New Year.
These rules are pioneering in nature. It is the first area in North America which will pay equally to the employees working in part-time basis.
Presently, the rules have made an amendment to the Employment Standards Act of the province. It says that the state employers cannot make a less payment to a temporary or part-time worker. The rate in question was the one making the payment to full-time workers if they do the same kind of work. It also mentioned about the same skills and efforts needed, and discharging similar responsibility. There was also a clause regarding doing work in similar conditions.
The law permitted exemptions which are based on merit, seniority, or a measuring system to know earnings by quality/quantity of production.
The government in Ontario says that these rules will give protection to temporary workers. Presently, the part-time workers represent 20 percent of total workforce.
Employees get a right
In these rules, the employees get a right to request about reviewing their pay rate. This will be considered in case they are not receiving equal pay for their work compared to full-time employees. The employer must respond to this request. He must adjust the pay, or give an explanation in writing for the issue.
Furthermore, the New Act will give protection to workers if any impact happens for inquiring regarding this pay rate. They also get protection, when they ask other employees regarding their wage.
All Agencies must presently ensure that the temporary employees receive proper payments. This must be similar to wage paid to full-time workers when they are doing a similar task.
There is an observation in the province, in the past 20 years, that the Temporary Help Agencies have come up everywhere. They are creating troubles like the happening of permanent – cum temporary workers. Here, the workers get contracts consecutively, and they do not get jobs in Ontario for full-time. In fact, they get the payment at a low rate and also do not receive any benefits.
A newcomer to Canada faces many challenges and finding an enjoyable work in Canada is the toughest of them.
Candidate faces many difficulties associated with seeking a job. Moreover, he/she has to adapt to a different from experiance, an unknown language and varied work environment. They need adequate savings for continuity unless they get a specific job. For this they require doing an entry-level job.
Realities of life
People run short of time to know the differences of life in Canada and adapt accordingly. There are worries regarding payment of rent and other bills after arriving in Canada. The best way out is to start earning a salary for covering up various costs in Canada. Even when there are adequate savings, they cannot be exhausted. Looking for a survival job is a good idea in Canada.
The benefits provided by these jobs excluding income are several.
Developed Language skills
The language skills are improved at a fast rate in a working environment and it also provides an opportunity to meet people and become friends with them.
An entry level position gets a good chance to do networking
An entry-level position,is a precious opportunity, to meet many people in an industry, and have an effective network
Improvement in Soft Skills
Soft skills help us to have a good communication with others. This is an ideal trait for a workplace in Canada. When people are pleasant and friendly they get an edge in receiving promotions and salary raise. Getting a survival job in Canada especially in the sales sector helps to polish a fine skill set.
Start a long journey
Survival jobs provide an opportunity to start the long journey of a professional person. It serves as a temporary solution until a proper career happens. We must see the entry-level jobs with optimism and positivity. It is advisable to keep a focus on the original goal and a desired career. With great resilience and solid perseverance, a survival job can lead to obtaining the dream job.
The Saskatchewan Employment Act had been introduced in 2014, and the Occupational Health and Safety Act had been repealed, leading to an increase of fines in workplaces. Owing to this, for a corporation, the fines for fatalities in Saskatchewan touched $1.5 million. The figure for an individual was $500,000. There is a trend across the country, and fines for workplace injuries have increased. This phenomenon is noticeable in the past years. Moreover, the courts are imposing heavy fines. In January 2018, a corporate employer in Saskatchewan was made to pay a fine of $420,000. This was payable for a fatality that had happened three years ago.
Many Employers in the provinces and territories face charges and have to pay fines for workplace injuries. The reason is an unsafe behavior, neglecting safety, leading to injuries, and causing of fatal incidents. Not considering the jurisdiction, employers must ensure the health, welfare, and safety at work. There must be in a reasonable and practical approach to all workers.
Moreover, the requirements are giving a proper training to employees, supplying protective equipment, and protection against hazards. There is a great need to ensure proper safeguards, and maintain a committee specifically for health and safety.
They must also ensure to have competent managers and supervisors in the workplace. These professionals must set a few standards to address hazards. They must supervise to see that all employees are comfortable to raise the dangers and lead by example. They also need to respect safe work practices. Any supervisor who does not promote a culture of safety is a liability to the employer.
Employers who neglect safety, and fail to give it a priority must pay a heavy fine. This attitude can lead to workplace incidents and a risky end. Through such acts, there is an impact on the morale of an employee. Moreover, there are negative press articles, and it impacts on corporate goodwill also. This will require many years to recover.
Thus, the Employers must ensure that present procedures, policies, and practices in safety are sufficient for their work. Establishing a safe workplace, and maintaining a culture of safety at the workplace, will give benefits. This will lead to fewer workplace incidents. It will lead to improved occupational health. The payment of safety will also be reduced significantly.
The governments in Canada, Quebec, and Ontario have become strong partners. They have associated with giants of the digital world to provide the future generation of Wireless Technology.
There is a plan, to have a joint public-private investment, worth $400-million, for creating a corridor. This will have 5G wireless test beds across two large provinces of Canada. Moreover, it has the aim to provide an opportunity, to the companies, for experimenting with a new idea. This has now become possible, owing to the recent breakthroughs, achieved in the field of Telecommunication Technology.
The path to the future
Navdeep Bains, the Innovation Minister, said that 5G is the path to the future. He was speaking about the variety of applications, to employ using the fresh technology. These include having smart cars, which reduce traffic congestion and accidents. It will permit the refrigerators, which effectively keep a track of food levels, and call for fresh groceries automatically. He continued to say that Canada is on the threshold of a great technological revolution.
The scope of the project
The project is named ENCQOR meaning Evolution of Networked Services by using a Corridor in Quebec and Ontario to do research and Innovation.
Furthermore, it permits 1,000 businesses to connect to a specific 5G platform, and gain access to the latest technology.
Equally important, Mobile 5G Wireless Technology is 100 times fast, compared to the present 4G system. This was a golden opportunity, for experimenting and helping the business sector, to reach the top of the global race for innovation.
As a matter of fact, the Federal Government, Quebec, and Ontario have pledged $67 million each, and five partners of the private-sector will give $200 million. They are the Ericsson, Thales Canada, Ciena Canada, CGI and IBM Canada. Similarly, this plan envisages, having more than 4,000 jobs, of which nearly 1,800 will specifically belong to the 5G domain.
A spokesman clarified that the jobs comprise prevalent positions with the five partners in the private-sector and will undergo a restructuring for this mission.
Borje Ekholm, CEO Ericsson, said that Canada is moving ahead to the forefront of 5G technology and has a firm commitment to Wireless Innovation. Likewise, National infrastructure is not merely roads, but projects like the one planned here. The future highways would be digital, he added. He expects that this test-bed technology would be formulated and used in future and be functional during the first quarter of 2019.
Equally, the government has estimated that the Information and Communications Technology Sector, made a contribution of $76 billion, to the GDP of the nation in 2017.
4% jobs in British Columbia have remained unfilled, and there are signs of an increased labor shortage in Canada. Data shown by the Canadian Federation of Independent Business reveals that there are not enough workers for all jobs in the country.
As per the CFIB Help Wanted Survey, 399,000 jobs vacancies existed at the end of the fourth quarter. There was an increase of 38,000 vacancies, in three months which corresponds to nearly 10.5 percent. In British Columbia, 3.9 percent of all jobs were vacant. This shows an increase from 3.6 percent seen three months ago. Quebec had a vacancy rate of 3.4 percent showing an increase from 3.1 percent.
The labor shortage is visible at a time when there is a strong job market in Canada. The unemployment rate is 5.8 percent in February, which is low in the nation since 1976. This reflects that the economy of the country is doing extremely well.
1.Skilled labor shortage
At present, there are more than 1.1 million unemployed people in Canada. It is structural in nature and some people are between jobs but it also reflects the fact that there is a continuous mismatch between the available workforce and the jobs which are presently being created in the country.
Ted Mallett, Vice President, and Chief Economist, CFIB, states that there is a need for retraining the workers who serve in the industries which are in transition to reduce the problem and shifting them from industries on the decline to industries which are growing.
2. Effect on a small business sector
The present shortage of labor is worrying for the small business sector. It affects the ability to offer best products and services. On the reverse, this development is good for employees because the shortage of workers guarantees high wages in the future. The enterprises which experience the shortage of labor plan to raise the payments made to employees by a large margin. They plan to give an increase of wage of 2.8 percent in the next year, compared to 2.3 percent for business, which is not facing any labor shortage.
3.High Demand for personal service & construction sector
The CFIB report has given a break up of job vacancies by occupational categories. It has made an observation that workers belonging to personal service and construction sectors experience great demand, and have a vacancy rate of 4.5 percent and 3.7 percent, respectively.
4.Canadians not willing for mobility
Mallett has also stated that greater mobility of labor can solve the issue of a labor shortage. When there are regions where the performance is better compared to others, it will be helpful if resources are pulled from the areas which are not doing well.
Presently, the data from Statistics Canada reveals that Canadians are not interested, like before, when they were a mobile labor force. There is a huge decline in the Interprovincial migration since 1970. The people attach priority to their families and social circles and are less interested to move for jobs.
Policymakers can help to challenge this problem by making it convenient to move. They can align certification and standards in all the provinces making it convenient for the Licensed Professionals to obtain accreditation in other provinces also.
Presently Canada has a strong economy where the Finance, Manufacturing, Logistics, and Engineering job opportunities are on the rise. There was a plunge in the rate of unemployment which stood at 5.7 percent in December. The Employment growth increased beyond expectations in 2017, and the total jobs creation was 423,000.
Even the per hour average earnings increased by 2.7 percent, reaching $26.68, and many analysts are of the opinion that the growth in employment and a low rate of unemployment will raise the wages upwardly in 2018.
We present the popular 15 demanded jobs for the present year and the average salaries/wages expected by a middle-level worker
1.General laborer hourly rate $15.90 – $18.39
These are the jobs required in various sectors like manufacturing, construction, logistics, loading, cleaning, and unloading, packaging, assembly line work, and general work. They often take the contract labor to meet the varying demands of business. Rich Experience, positive attitude commitment and coming in time, offer better chances in such jobs.
2.Sales Representative, $52,000 -$64,000
Sales are extremely important and these jobs involve direct selling to consumers. Such jobs depend on economic trends, performance, and competition and vary based on the organization and the sector.
3.Accountant, $63,000 -$75,000
The designation of a CPA guarantees steady employment. Technical software skills and Data analytics are the areas of requirement and employers are agreeable to training new appointees who possess fine abilities and are eager to learn. There is a good trend in the financial sector leading to increased Demand.
They are in charge of top construction projects and have a good demand owing to the present thrust by the government in infrastructure and the residential market in the country.
5.Business Analyst, $73,000 -$87,000
Business analysts deal with strategic planning and internal business systems and analysis. They are expected to possess technical and business skills commensurate with the scope of their role. They have a degree in economics or business, and also have IT training.
6.Representative in Customer Service, $ 37,000 -$43,000
This job ensures that a customer is happy with the products and services of a company. Their duty is in the call centers and sometimes they are present in the office also. The employers are interested in candidates who have problem-solving skills, soft skills, patience, and phone etiquette. They are in huge demand today.
7.Project Manager, IT $92,000 – $114,000
The IT specialists are hot in demand because many organizations seize up if the IT operations are not run well. These managers supervise analysts, developers, and professionals, and make efforts in the budgeting and timeline sectors of IT projects.
8.Manager in Accounts, $75,000 – $92,000
Being the point of contact in all business relationships, these managers must have wide sales experience and possess a degree/diploma. They need to keep the employers and customers happy and be a true professional. Understanding the scope of customers and improve their efficiencies is a task to be done by them.
9.Software Engineer, $83,000 – $99,000
Today the Software is used everywhere in smartphones apps, cars, manufacturing equipment as well as appliances. The makers of such software are heavily demanded. They get absorbed in technological companies which deal with software platforms. They are also employed in government agencies and banks. It is a field driven by the candidates and a skilled candidate is popular.
10.Forklift Operator, $16.59 To $19.42 per Hour
With the great growth seen in e-commerce, many warehouses and fulfillment centers are required in the country. Forklift drivers move, stack and take care of the inventory merchandise which has to be delivered to consumers. Employers select the Personnel, who are ambitious, diligent and can learn, for giving safety training and authorization which is needed for fork-lifting operations.
11.Recruiter, $59,000 – $71,000
Owing to better employment market recruiters have a great demand and there is always a need for talent. Companies seek recruiters who bring strong values, know their brand and the office culture. Recruiters must have an understanding of all job trends and the aims of the company. Demand is high in engineering and technology sectors.
12.Administrative Assistant, $44,000 – $52,000
The Administrative Assistants ensure that all the staffs have what is needed for performing the jobs entrusted to them. Clerical tasks, bookkeeping and knowing accounting and technology is a must.
13.Assembler, $17.62 – $20.63 per hour
The Assembler is in demand and is still important. There is a demand for them owing to a strong growth in the manufacturing sector of Canada. Knowledgeable assemblers who can operate much machinery are in demand.
14.Machinist, $22.36 – $26.81 per hour
Machinists are in charge of machine tools, lathes, grinders and milling machines, to produce precision metal parts in large batches. CNC machinists, who supervise the work of expensive heavy equipment and program numerical controls on the computer, have a good demand.
15.Receptionist, $35,000 to $41,000
All Organizations who believe in keeping the human touch opt for professional Receptionists, who can welcome visitors and clients and talk over the phones. This job is purely technical.
The Expedited Policy pursued by Canada has created a process regarding the claims by petitioners who are nationals of certain countries. It is determined whether the person is a Convention refugee or a person requiring protection without a hearing. The expedited process is a method for resolving all the refugee claims in a fair and efficient manner.
Security issues remain supreme in this expedited processing and the claimants of refuge in Canada need to go through security screening. It is conducted by the CBSA jointly with the CSIS.
Additionally, a representative of the Minister has the right to intercede and initiate some evidence and also question the claimant regarding refugee claim. When the representative of the Minister indicates an intention to intervene, the claim loses eligibility to be considered for accelerated processing.
In case of receiving security screening confirmation at the RPD and a situation where the representative of the Minister decides not to intervene, it does not mean that all claims from the countries will have expedited processing. On reviewing the file, if the member decides that it is not proper to approve it based on the proofs available, the claim goes for a hearing.
Only a few claims from specified nations have the eligibility to be considered for the expedited process. In order to be successful for the claim, it needs to originate from a country which is designated under the Policy of Expedited Processing for Refugee Claims.
The designation of a Country is based on the fact whether claims from that country are proper to be considered without resorting to hearing. The following factors are also considered:
The latest rate of acceptance of claims it;
Claims do not generally involve complex issues; and
The volume of cases heard by the RPD from that country.
Countries eligible for the expedited process from January 1, 2018
The expedited process only applies to claims made in Canada
The RPD decides refugee claims which are made in Canada only. Probable claimants in Canada need to talk to a CBSA officer at a legal port of entry on arrival, or to an IRCC officer or of CBSA. The officer takes a decision regarding eligibility. If found deserving, it is sent to the RPD to start the processing of a claim for refugee status.
Eighty human rights groups have signed an open letter, which applauds the move of the government, requiring all the groups, which seek funds through the Canada Summer Jobs program, to affix their signature, on an attestation, mentioning that they extend support to constitutional rights in Canada, and also the right to reproductive choice.
Effective result of coordination
The letter was the result of coordination of Action Canada for Sexual Health and Rights, as well as National Association of Women and the Law –NAWL. It praises the government for a move, which some advocates feel, that it targets anti-abortion and anti-gay groups, restricting their access to funds, and is used in supporting activities, which restrict access to abortion, and also discriminates against Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Transgenders, and Queer Canadians.
The attestation demands, that all groups, which seek federal funding, in this program, must sign, mentioning that the organizational mandate, and duties of the job, to be funded by the grants, gives respect to the individual human rights in the country, and also the values fundamental to the Canadian Charter of Rights, and Freedoms, along with other rights.
Among the other rights are reproductive rights, and the right not to be discriminated, on the parameters of sex or religion, race or national origin, ethnic origin, the color of the individual, mental disability, physical disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity or gender expression.
The change facilitated in this program, which is used by the government, to offer subsidy to summer employment of students in the age range between 15 and 30 years, who return to school in the fall, focuses on anti-gay and anti-abortion groups, which have been using the program, for activities like displaying and distributing, explicit posters of bloody foetuses.
No plans to restrict women rights
Patty Hajdu, Employment Minister, has mentioned that the Canadian Centre for Bio-Ethical Reform, a recipient of thousands of dollars in the program in the past, is one such group, which plans to restrict the right of women, in Canada, to seek an abortion and they must not be permitted to get federal funds.
Abortion is not listed as a right in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, but the Supreme Court made a decision in 1988, that the law prevalent at that time which restricted abortions, was unconstitutional.
Some conservative religious groups accused the government that it had violated their right to freedom of belief, as well as freedom of conscience, by forcing them to sign the attestation, which essentially betrays their beliefs.
Federal Court intervention
An anti-abortion group filed a suit in the Federal Court, alleging the requirement of attestation was a violation of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and made a plea to the court for reversing the change.
In an open letter sent to PM Trudeau, several prominent leaders and 80 human rights groups extended their support to opt for the attestation.
They were confident that the safeguards that were introduced into the CSJ program were non-discriminatory, and did not infringe on the freedom of religion, or conscience, and did not affect any rights enjoyed by the people in Canada. Many prominent groups also attached their signatures to the letter.
PM defends the decision
PM Trudeau defended the decision and has spoken against anti-abortion groups saying that they were not synchronized with the Canadian society. The government will not fund a group, which restricted women, from seeking an abortion.
Talking about Money has always remained a sensitive subject. Negotiating a salary in the workplace is a delicate matter. All job seekers must research, to know how worthy their services are, and what is the exact amount that they need to demand, as their salary. We present some jobs which are more competitive compared to others. On an average, they have a current pay of more than $100, 000 per year.
The candidates must look at them closely, see what they involve, and know the qualifications needed. Healthcare, technology and business roles dominate this list.
Jobs that pay more than $100,000: A deep dive
Deal with disorders of the nervous system. Obtaining an undergraduate degree, followed by a graduate degree in medicine and neurosurgical residency training leads to the physician being certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. They draw an average salary of $217,837.
Deal with the brain and are skilled to diagnose and treat behavioral, emotional and mental disorders. There are Specializations like adolescent psychiatry, addiction, and geriatric areas. Psychiatrists draw an average salary of $194,563 and employment is expected to increase by 15% in the next decade.
Anaesthesiologists, make the medical procedures less painful. They draw an average yearly salary of $173,694. They are certified by the American Board of Anaesthesiology.
Radiologists are experts in dealing with medical imaging techniques like CT scans and X-rays to examine within our bodies and diagnose the conditions which are hidden from the naked eye. The field of Radiology has the disciplines of radiation oncology and diagnostic radiology which pays $168,706 on an average per year. They are required to adhere to the educational requirements specified by The American Board of Radiology.
Physicians practice medicine, and focus on a specialty, and treat a wide range of illnesses. They draw an average yearly salary of $165,391 and the demand for their services is likely to increase owing to the aging population.
It can both be generalists or specialists. They offer a wide range of services like orthodontists for straightening the teeth, periodontists for healthy gums, and prosthodontists meant for replacing missing teeth. Their Employment is anticipated to grow at a rate of 17% in the next decade. Several dentists manage their own practices, needing acumen and interpersonal skills. The dentists make $157,250 annually.
Product Managers bind together the variety of functions of a product. The role requires leadership qualities besides skill in designing, making a strategy, and marketing. They annually make an average $147, 36. Their career is attained through a bachelor’s degree in marketing, business, finance, IT, or the liberal arts but an MBA is preferred.
Surgeons work together with physicians and treat injuries and deformities. They draw an average yearly salary of $140,892. They undergo training before getting a license and are certified by the American Board of Surgery. Their learning never discontinues and they share a culture, communicate with each other and exchange experiences to enhance their techniques and practices.
Machine Learning Engineers
Machine learning engineers deal with self-driving cars, Robots, and virtual personal assistants and make an average salary of $137,332 per year. It requires a degree in the domain of statistics, IT, or computer science, and an aptitude for writing code and experimentation. Data intuition and being comfortable with the process of development take it to the desired goal.
Sales as a career are suited for someone with the power of persuasion. Professionals have ascended to the level of Vice President of sales, which requires expertise in planning, implementing, and achieving quotas. a bachelor’s degree in business or a related field and relevant job experience are sufficient Qualifications. The average pay drawn annually is $136,071.
Data scientists receive $135,315 per year. It needs a bachelor’s degree followed by a master’s in statistics, computer science, or mathematics they require an expertise in coding languages like Python, SQL, and R.
Chief Financial Officers
Chief Financial Officers take care of the financial health of an organization and earn an average yearly salary of $127,887. They prepare financial reports and develop strategies to meet financial goals. They must know the technological change for taking important decisions.
Today Android operating system reaches more than 2 billion active devices monthly. The android developers, develop applications for the platform and receive an average annual salary of $120,971. They have a master’s degree in computer science, mathematics, and possess an expertise in programming languages, like Android SDK, Java, and C++.
A Software Engineer is great at coding and works with different teams. On an average, it pays $119,791 per year.
Possess specialized knowledge of all stages of Software Development Process. They draw an average annual salary of $111,709.
They are experts using mathematics and statistics in analyzing financial risk and uncertainty. Most of them work for insurance companies and receive an average yearly salary of $111,474. Having a bachelor’s degree in Mathematics/Statistics and being become certified by the Casualty Actuarial Society is a must.
They are involved in preparing and examining financial records. They ensure accuracy and prepare taxes to be paid on time. They earn an average yearly salary of $108,515. a bachelor’s/master’s degree in accounting and CPA certification in the state of residence are required. There is a growing need for them in the next decade.