Addiction has long been viewed as a voluntary problem, as a negative stigma about this disease has persisted throughout decades. While there are still too many people to count who feel as though addiction is a choice, more and more people are realizing that it is not. In fact, the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) calls addiction a “primary, chronic disease of the brain, reward, motivation, memory, related circuitry”. And now that more of the general public is understanding addiction for what it is, the demand for treatment of this disease is greater than ever before.
The most common form of addiction treatment, by far, is inpatient treatment. Also known as residential treatment, inpatient treatment requires the individual to reside at the facility until his or her care is complete. Usually lasting anywhere from 28 -90 days, this form of treatment has been known for helping individuals overcome their addictions.
In today’s society, the kinds of substances that flood the streets are extremely dangerous. With many of these substances being manmade, it is impossible to determine just what ingredients are mixed with drugs such as ecstasy, ketamine, and GHB. These substances, which are all popular designer drugs, can produce severe effects to one’s mind and body and can lead to an untimely death when abused.
According to the Global Information Network About Drugs (GINAD), designer drugs are most commonly abused by people between 21 and 30 years of age. Additionally, in the first four months of 2011, there were 1,782 calls to poison control centers in the United States in reference to the designer drug bath salts. In the prior year, only 302 calls about this drug were made in total. Since then, more designer drugs have been developed, and more individuals are using them recreationally.
Anxiety disorders are some of the most common mental health conditions in the world, with millions of people diagnosed with it in the United States alone. In fact, almost anyone who you ask either has an anxiety disorder or knows someone with one, as it is that pervasive.
This type of mental health condition is often very misunderstood, as those who do not have it or are uneducated about how and why it occurs often find it difficult to understand why an individual can’t just “relax”. Sadly, this kind of thought process adds to the stigma that those who have anxiety disorders overreact or are in some way weak-minded.
However, the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) has listed several different facts about anxiety disorders on their website that help shed light on this condition. Some of these facts include the following:
Anxiety disorders are present in 40 million adults (ages 18 and older) in the United States, which breaks down to 18.1% of the population
Even though anxiety disorders can be easily treated, only 36.9% of individuals with an anxiety disorder get treated
Someone with an anxiety disorder is three to five times more likely to go to the doctor, as well as six times more likely to be placed in the hospital due to a psychiatric disorder than individuals who do not have anxiety disorders
Anxiety disorders develop because of a number of factors, such as genetics, environment, life events, and brain chemistry
Kinds of Anxiety Disorders
There are several different kinds of anxiety disorders that impact people throughout the world.
Barbiturates are not nearly as common as other substances of abuse such as prescription painkillers, heroin, cocaine, or alcohol, however, they are still in circulation and can be extremely dangerous when abused.
Previously used by medical professionals, barbiturates were prescribed to help treat sleep disorders and anxiety. These sedative-hypnotic medications, which include Seconal, Luminal, and Nembutal, were more popular in the 1960’s and 1970’s, however, are rarely used in medicine today. Unfortunately, these medications are still easily accessible to the public and those who crave their many mind-altering effects.
When barbiturates enter the system, an individual’s brain will become affected almost immediately. GABA, a neurotransmitter in the brain, will be activated, however, due to the activation, other areas of the brain shut down, leading to feelings of sedation and poor function. Sadly, even minimal use of barbiturates can lead to coma and potentially even death.
Did you know that when you drink alcohol, you’re actually consuming ethanol? Ethanol is a psychoactive substance and is one of 4 types of alcohol. Methyl, propyl and butyl are other types of alcohol that are unsafe for consumption. Ethanol, consumed in alcoholic beverages, is primarily metabolized in the liver where our bodies convert alcohol to acetaldehyde, a highly toxic substance and known carcinogen.
It has long been public perception that drinking in moderation is “good” for your health. The definition of moderation set by the NIAAA is as up to four alcoholic drinks for men and three for women in any single day. Our general sense of moderation seems to have shifted overtime as wine glasses are now 7 times larger than they originally were. And while some studies suggest moderate drinking may be beneficial to health, we still aren’t all on the same page as to that “moderate” definition.
Detoxifying is often the first step in recovering from dependency and substance abuse. There are many ways of withdrawing from drugs or alcohol. These range from going cold turkey at home to residential detox.
You might think that just stopping abusing your substance of choice at home is a good idea. However, so many drugs have potentially dangerous and even life-threatening side effects when you stop taking them. There are also perils to withdrawing from alcohol unassisted. In this in-depth article, we look at the dangers of withdrawing from drugs or alcohol on your own.
What Is Drug Addiction?
To better understand the dangers of withdrawing alone, you need to go back to the beginning. That starts with understanding drug addiction. Many people cannot understand how and why people can become addicted. They often believe that people who use drugs lack willpower and morals.
As machines get smarter, we’re using them to help us with more and more. Everything from smartphone assistants like Siri, to chess-playing robots, to self-driving cars, operates on a technology known as artificial intelligence or AI.
While AI often brings to mind frightening dystopian scenarios in which intelligent robots take over the world, today they’re allowing us to accomplish a wide range of tasks more efficiently and successfully. The technology is still in the relatively early stages though, and there’s a lot we still don’t know about how it works, what it’s capable of and how best to use it.
Healthcare is one area where we recently started using AI. Intelligent machines have shown a lot of potential for helping us with health-related issues. It’s been used in medical imaging, to provide mental health tips and to help people overcome addiction.
In our five-part series about preventing your child from abusing drugs, we covered elementary school, middle school, high school and beyond high school as parts one through four. Part five of our tips for raising drug-free kids series provides you with information on the warning signs that may indicate your child is taking drugs and what to do if your child is using.
As you might know, it can be difficult to figure out if your child is drinking alcohol or using drugs. Many parents find it a challenge to determine the difference between what’s typical “growing up” behavior or an indication of a bigger problem. Often, the signs of teenage drug abuse are typical behavior of teens and young adults. In other cases, you’ll see a new onset of moodiness, isolation, change in friends, or disinterest in activities they once loved.
Prescriptions pain killers may cause heart damage and issues with the cardiovascular system and respiratory system. Lately, the addiction potential of opioid pain killers has been the main concern when prescribing or consuming these prescriptions. But there are several emerging studies that outline the effects of pain killers and heart damage. Prescription pain killers are extremely effective at treating pain. However, there are critics of the frequency and volume which many doctors prescribe this medication. Also, a large number of heroin addicts report that they started using opioids with a legal prescription from a doctor. It is a complex and complicated issue.
Heart Health and Opioids or Pain Killers
Some of the symptoms and medical issues that can occur are:
· Ventricular Tachycardia
· Atrial Fibrillation
· Infections Endocarditis
Much of the study around opioids and heart damage is relatively new and emerging.
The Governor of Florida, Rick Scott, declared the Opioid Epidemic a state emergency in 2017. This move allocated $54 million of federal Health and Human Services funding to combat the growing use, overdose rate, and trafficking of illicit opioid drugs, such as heroin, synthetic fentanyl, and illegally obtained prescription pain killers. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control) statistics, Florida had 4,728 overdose deaths in 2016. And nationwide, there was a five-fold increase in overdose deaths from 1999 to 2016. Continue reading for more Florida drug facts.
This increase is due to a seemingly free flow of prescription opiates and an increase in drug cartel trafficking of heroin and fentanyl. Although this problem is not specific or unique to Florida, in the early 2000s lax regulations created an environment where so-called “pill mills,” fraudulent doctor’s offices that over-prescribed pain medication, could flourish.