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Simplicity is not Simple! Five Lessons from “Minimalism: A Documentary about the Important Things”
JOSHUA FIELDS MILLBURN AND RYAN NICODEMUS OF THE MINIMALISTS FOR THE FILM POSTER OF MINIMALISM - image courtesy of The Minimalists

Minimalism is often seen as a lifestyle that restricts you from the things that give you the most pleasure. The world gave it a connotation that Minimalism is depriving yourself of having material things and indulging yourself of things that catches your attention. In reality, Minimalism is only a guide, something to help you make a decision on what’s really important. It gives you a chance to consciously decide and gives you the freedom; “Freedom from fear. Freedom from worry. Freedom from overwhelm. Freedom from guilt. Freedom from depression. Freedom from the trappings of the consumer culture we’ve built our lives around. Real freedom.”

In May 2016, a  documentary directed by Matt D’Avella entitled, “Minimalism: A Documentary about the important things” featured several personalities and their journey to a minimalist lifestyle. It shows the hardships and the rewarding feeling that the transition of lifestyle gave them. Not only that, the film gave meaningful messages and lessons to impart to the viewer.

Minimalism: A Documentary About the Important Things (Official Trailer) - YouTube

There are a lot of lessons to be learned in this movie so we compiled five lessons that you can practice in a way you design your space and your lifestyles.
Minimalism is not living with nothing.
“Minimalism is the intentional promotion of the things we most value and the removal of everything that distracts us from it.”

Just because you decided to live your life as a minimalist, that you have to live with nothing. The Minimalists, Joshua Fields Millburn, and Ryan Nicodemus traveled across their country to talk about their book, Everything that Remains and through this book and this book tour, they want to change people’s lives and make them see what minimalism is all about. They explained that if something is important to you, it is up to you if you’re going to keep it or dispose of it. There is no requirement. According to Joshua Becker of Becoming Minimalist, “Minimalism is the intentional promotion of the things we most value and the removal of everything that distracts us from it.”

Anyone can do iT

Sometimes when you ask someone if they will ever venture in a minimalist lifestyle, they can give you so many reasons why they won’t. It’s true, having to live a life that makes you evaluate what really matters to you is terrifying because it means you have to give up the stuff you were taught in society to love. The things that you were taught to be important. It may have crossed your mind about the lifestyle or the circumstance that you are currently in. The house that you’re living in. In the documentary, they featured different types of people in different walks of life and showed how they live their life as a Minimalist. There are news anchors, corporate employees, traveler, husband and pregnant wife, parents with five kids, etc, all of them have their own struggles but somehow they made minimalism a part of their lives. These people also struggled. At first, they never thought they would be able to do it, but you might be surprised yourself.

A.J. LEON
DAVID FRIEDLANDER AND JACQUELINE SCHMIDT
DAN HARRIS
TAMMY STROBEL
COURTNEY CARVER
LEO BABAUTA
Don’t confuse your needs and things that you thought you need because of how much you want it.

From the famous word of the legendary Marie Kondo, “Does it spark joy?” Being a minimalist, or even just attempting to de-clutter and organize your house, it is important to know if something really is important to you. You have to realize that buying more stuff you THINK you need, is not necessary to purchase. Media and advertisements have shown products after products of things that you thought you need. And they show it in the most convincing way that you think you have no choice but to buy. Minimalism, on the other hand, teaches us that, yes, you can buy whatever you want as long as it’s something you really need. It teaches to make an informed choice of what items we should keep and what items should be thrown away. On that note, here is what The Minimalists have to say, “Today’s problem seems to be the meaning we assign to our stuff: we tend to give too much meaning to our things, often forsaking our health, our relationships, our passions, our personal growth, and our desire to contribute beyond ourselves. Want to own a car or a house? Great, have at it! Want to raise a family and have a career? If these things are important to you, then that’s wonderful. Minimalism simply allows you to make these decisions more consciously, more deliberately.”

It is believed that people tend to buy a lot of things to feel something. According to Ryan Nicodemus, he spent his life as a corporate slave going through paycheck to paycheck “attempting to buy his way to happiness.” It is also stated in the movie that we humans are “wired to be dissatisfied.” Once we get tired of the material things we own, we get dissatisfied and we forget the reason why we bought it in the first place. That’s why we need to assess what items we need to purchase.

DECLUTTER YOUR HOUSE THE KONMARI WAY

"Does this spark joy?" Learn the Konmari method from the decluttering queen Marie Kondo

“Every possession serves a purpose”
JOSHUA FIELDS MILLBURN’S HOUSE. Image Courtesy of TheMinimalists.com

When Joshua Fields Millburn was describing the way he designed his house, he explained that his house contains all the necessary furniture and items that he needs, as little as it is. He made sure that “Every possession serves a purpose.” Same as the thought in no. 3, the takeaway here is that everything you own must serve a purpose in your life. Don’t stock up on appliances you don’t need, old magazines and newspapers or clothes you don’t wear. Despite not using some of our stuff, we tend to think of all the what ifs. What if we need to use it in the future? In some way, it is good to worry about these things but in the process ask yourself also, “if you are not going to use it regularly, what is the point of acquiring it?”

The space you have should accommodate you. Not the other way around.
FRANK MASCIA, A MINIMALIST ARCHITECT. Image Courtesy of IMDb.

“We’re living our life depending on the space that we’ve got rather than creating our space to fit our lives,” says Frank Mascia, a minimalist architect featured in the film. One of the most important points in the film is how we use our space. In the movie, they presented a study that 40% of the space is used for more stuff in the house. And there are people who rarely go to several rooms in the house but still, we kept on putting stuff inside those rooms to create an illusion that space is not wasted. We tend to buy more and more stuff to fill the space that we have instead of adjusting the space based on our stuff. We have to learn to manage our space based on our needs. To cater for all the important stuff that we use on a daily basis and like what was said before, “Every possession serves a purpose.”

This film has great advice that you can apply in more ways than one. You can either be looking for ways to cut down your expenses, decluttering your house, looking for a new place or even finding meaning in this life. Minimalism is not easy but it’s not a burden also. All you have to do is decide on what’s important for you and what will look good for you. If you want to learn more about the Minimalism: A Documentary about Important Things, the movie is available on Netflix.

Minimalism comes in all shapes and size. Why not try something new for your place? If you are planning to revamp your place with a more minimalistic look, Tokyo Grand Renovation (TGR) is here to help. TGR is a Japanese home interior design and renovation firm that focuses on designing and building luxury spaces that are stylish, elegant, and also functional using Japanese lifestyle craftsmanship. TGR is located at the heart of Makati Central District. Learn more about us here.

For inquiries, don’t hesitate to give us a call at 832 16 76, or send an e-mail at  info@tgr.com.ph.

TGRはマカティの高級インテリアデザイン、リノベーション、会社です。TGRは 住宅および商業 スペースの為のデザインと建築を提供 し ております。お問い合わせは 、02832 1676 にお電話いただくか、 電子メール info@tgr.com.ph へ送信 お願いします。

日本語で会社のウェブサイトをご覧ください:https://tgr.com.ph/ja

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Marvel Penthouse Interior Ideas From The Stark Tower
A PENTHOUSE FROM AMSTERDAM - image courtesy of Funda

Whether you’re drawn in stunning views or luxurious interiors, penthouses definitely give excitement. Placed on or above the roof, these apartments sometimes give exclusive amenities like private elevators, rooftop gardens, and sky-high pools. Amongst who wish to have spacious outdoor spaces, penthouses are definitely considered.

According to the New York City Building Code, a penthouse is “an enclosed structure on or above the roof of any part of a building, which is designed or used for human occupancy.” Usually, buildings can only have one penthouse that’s why that makes it as a posh property.

One of the famous penthouses that everyone has come to know is the Stark Tower. It is seen countless time in Marvel movies. It is owned by Tony Stark or Iron Man himself.

THE STARK TOWER ON THE AVENGERS MOVIE - image courtesy of The Avengers Movie

It is originally built as Tony Stark’s home and office. But when the Avengers was formed, Tony gave it as a gift as a meeting place and base of operations. Just like any headquarters, it is built with state of the art technology and spacious areas built for meetings.

IT IS A FUTURISTIC MASTERPIECE COMBINED WITH STONE WALLS AND A LOT OF ILLUMINATION - image courtesy of The Avengers Movie
SPUTNIK CHANDELIERS

Lighting is an important aspect of penthouse interior design because balance is needed between natural lighting and the lighting in the room itself. Other than setting a room’s mood it may serve as a centerpiece to make use of the penthouse’s large walls.

One common room accent that may never go out of style is the sputnik chandelier. The iconic sputnik design was derived from the 1950’s first satellite orbit. It was named as a “sputnik” with four long antennae emulating from a center sphere. The sputnik ceiling light was part of the design period known as the Atomic Age. Designs from this period are looked into science for their inspiration as fear towards atomic energy and nuclear disaster since the first atomic bomb was tested in the year 1945.

AN AMERICAN VINTAGE BRASS SPUTNIK CHANDELIER - image courtesy of The 1stdibs
“This statement piece sets the tone of the apartment, which is modern luxury with a nod to history.” -Pobiner
A BRASS TONE SPUTNIK COMBINED WITH GOLDEN BROWN AND COLOR TONES IS FEMININE AND RICH PENTHOUSE INTERIOR DESIGN - image courtesy of Houzz
A SPUTNIK MAY LOOK DARING WITH DARK WALLS WITH AN EFFECT OR URBAN, CHIC AND CONTEMPORARY. PHOTO COURTESY OF - image courtesy of Eye of Design
STONEWALL INTERIOR

Penthouse interior designs are known for its luxury and coziness brought by its huge walls and enormous space. One of the popular construction material is stones. It is generally used on the exterior of buildings while is it is rarely used in interior walls. It adds a lot of texture to the room and it serves as focal point attention. The main advantage of stone walls is its durability. It can work well in any part of the home It is the only cladding material that can be used safely indoors and outdoors. Cladding is the application of one material over another to provide a skin or layer. meditative practice concentrates on the full rejuvenation of the mind and the body.

Stone cladding helps create a natural stone look while bringing a touch of style and elegance. It is extremely easy to use on the walls Stone as a material is much more versatile unlike others because adapts to any suit and style. Natural stone walls require less maintenance compared to artificial construction material which may require refinishing or replacing after some time.

INTERIOR STONE WALL DESIGN HELPS TO EMPHASIZE THE HEIGHT OF THIS STAIRCAS - photo courtesy of Homedit

Using natural stone for your home presents an exciting array of options. In penthouse interior design, bold patterns are often intimidating, but when used properly, it may enliven your living spaces. Always remember that the key to having an elegant outcome in using bold patterns is to keep the space and color minimal, preferably the same color family.

STONES HAVE DIFFERENT SHAPES. THE SHAPE MAY BRING ADDITIONAL DEPT TO THE ROOM - photo courtesy of Homedit
GLASS EXTERIOR WALLS
ILARGE INTERIOR WALLS AS SEEN ON THE STARK TOWER- photo courtesy of Homedit

What’s the point of having a penthouse without using its large walls? A common scenario in a penthouse is showcasing the city’s breathtaking views. This is what people usually dream about when they say living in a penthouse.

TAKING ADVANTAGE OF VIEWS IS A FACTOR TO TAKE NOTE OF IN PENTHOUSE INTERIOR DESIGN - photo courtesy of Home Designing

There are endless possibilities in constructing an exterior glass wall, to wall windows, sliding windows, full windows, you name it. While it is a perfect solution to visual interior expansion, exterior wall glass may be the solution in creating a modern living space in penthouse interior design.

There are numerous advantages in having a glass exterior wall. First, it fills our home with daylight. Lighting can help with the illusion of space. If a room has insufficient lighting inside, it will feel smaller. If the natural lighting is not available, corner lamps and sconce walls and hanging lights will help brighten a room to create a visually larger space. Overall, natural lighting is preferred because it shows off colors better by bouncing off reflective spaces

SLEEK WHITE FLOORS MAKES THE SPACE FEEL OPEN AND AIRY- photo courtesy of Home Designing

The idea of penthouse interior designing is better living. Living at the heights offers beautiful and dynamic views. Living in an penthouse apartment gives you the best of both worlds, you can be in a city center yet you can get to enjoy a quiet and calm living space.

Wanting to transform your new home to have the best features in living in a city? Tokyo Grand Renovation offers full-service interior design specializing luxury interiors  through remarkable Japanese craftsmanship.

For inquiries, don’t hesitate to give us a call at 832 16 76, or send an e-mail at  info@tgr.com.ph.

TGRはマカティの高級インテリアデザイン、リノベーション、会社です。TGRは 住宅および商業 スペースの為のデザインと建築を提供 し ております。お問い合わせは 、02832 1676 にお電話いただくか、 電子メール info@tgr.com.ph へ送信 お願いします。

日本語で会社のウェブサイトをご覧ください:https://tgr.com.ph/ja

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Are You Minimalist or Maximalist: Duality of a White Interior
SLEEK MINIMALIST THEMED KITCHEN | photo courtesy of Steven Ungermann

There’s something about white spaces that makes us feel inviting. It’s the feeling of a fresh start when coming home to a white interior. This unique color will never go out of style simply because it’s so versatile. Whether we want it to be chic, elegant, moody, minimalist or serene, it will work with any style and color of all eras.

These past years, there has been a huge wave of appreciation for minimalism. Whether we may call it the Marie Kondo effect, the underlying philosophy behind it is to keep things simple. And in the language of minimalism, white never goes out of the picture. Embracing the minimalist design is not only keeping in mind what is needed to be stored or disposed, but also paying attention to base colors of the interior.

For starters, minimalism is a term used in the 1960s to describe 20th-century sculptures. Since then, it evolved into using it into fashion, design, and architecture. Using simple and natural forms are the basis of minimalism. It is popular nowadays since it is very light and free.

MINIMALISM IS TRYING TO DO MOST WITH ONLY A FEW | photo courtesy of Ebay Collective Blog
"Modern and Minimalist are both reductive and spare, but Minimalism is all about creating a specific ‘moment’—a feeling, an experience, or framing a particular view"

While minimalism goes with the term ‘less is more’, maximalism goes with ‘more is more’. It emphasizes with excess and redundancy. Instead of incorporating the canvass with clean lines and subtle colors, it uses textures and fabrics to create a sense of organized chaos. This style calls for mixing bold and diverse elements that are not seen in minimalism.  

Maximalism is born as a direct countermovement to minimalism. But it isn’t just the art of disorganization and clutter. It is about bringing materials that would match your scheme. Others walk out appreciating maximalism because it won’t match their schemes. It is a way to translate your personality into your home.

CHOOSING COLOR COMBINATIONS WITH WHITE

Like a blank sheet of paper or blank canvass, the ideas of turning it into a masterpiece are endless. In interior designing, it is important to take note of associating the color white to three things; the undertones, the natural lighting of the room, and the finish.

Choosing white as a base color is not an easy way out. There are differences in warm undertones and cool finishes. According to Will Taylor, a celebrated interior designer and author of Dream Decor, white with warm sandy tones are best paired with earthy shades to give a natural bent.

SHELL CHAIRS HAS BEEN POPULAR SINCE 1940’S | photo courtesy of Kassel Construction

 

Meanwhile, brilliant white is best paired with saturated splashes of hue.

PLAY WITH ACCENT COLORS TO GIVE BALANCE | photo courtesy of Home Designing

In pairing colors, it is advised to make reference to the color wheel. There are three palettes that can be based upon; complementary, split complementary and tonal.

ORANGE CAN GIVE EARTHY TONES | photo courtesy of Fairely Interior Design

The palette creates high contrast that can be used as a base and adjacent color.

An easy approach to combining colors to white is to use split complementary colors. It is when you match two colors to its adjacent color on the color wheel.

Using tones from the same color family is the tonal palette. (i.e all blue or all gray) It creates a relaxing soothing space. A touch of pattern creates visual interest in the interior.

PLACING FURNITURE

When faced in a blank room, most will adapt with ‘anything goes’ that will make things chaotic. Not only colors are needed to be noted, but there should be a theme. It is important to have a planned approach of interior regardless of the paint scheme.

MODERN MONOCHROMATIC DESIGN | photo courtesy of Vecislavas Popas
"Choosing pieces designed with clean lines, hard corners, and colder materials like metal will give a modern, contemporary, and gallery-like feel among all the white" -Will Taylor

Always keep in mind that curate furniture that works well with your lifestyle. Specify what look you want to achieve and think about visual balance. While arranging the pieces, keep note on what they’re used for.

THE 60-30-10 RULE

The common scenario in using whites walls is the tendency to stay in line with neutral colors. In the 60-30-10 rule is an easy decorating rule that will help create a color scheme easily.

The common scenario in using whites walls is the tendency to stay in line with neutral colors. In the 60-30-10 rule is an easy decorating rule that will help create a color scheme easily.

60% is the main color of the room. It consists of walls, large accent pieces like area rugs, or even the sofa. It is achieved by focusing on the dominant pieces inside a room.

30% is the secondary color. It is used half as much as the main color. This could be incorporated through accent chairs, textiles, lighting, or even an accent wall. The 30% supports the main color but it should be different enough to set them apart and to give the room interest. The main idea here is to vary the tones of the accent color.

10% is the accent color. It can be expressed by playing around with different splashes of colors, patterns, and textures. It can be used in decorative items like throw pillows, lamps or mixing metallic and woods.

60% OF THE ROOM IS WHITE OR NEUTRAL, 30% IS BROWN AND 10% BLACK | photo courtesy of Skitter Photo

If you need professional help in curating wonderful and creative color schemes, Tokyo Grand Renovation is the one to call. We offer premium services, top-notch imported design materials, and unprecedented Japanese craftsmanship. TGR’s headquarters is at 9110 La Campana St. cor. Trabajo St., Brgy. Olympia, Makati City, 1207.

For inquiries, don’t hesitate to give us a call at 832 16 76, or send an e-mail at  info@tgr.com.ph.

TGRはマカティの高級インテリアデザイン、リノベーション、会社です。TGRは 住宅および商業 スペースの為のデザインと建築を提供 し ております。お問い合わせは 、02832 1676 にお電話いただくか、 電子メール info@tgr.com.ph へ送信 お願いします。

日本語で会社のウェブサイトをご覧ください:https://tgr.com.ph/ja

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Mise-en-scène: Interior Design in Two Japanese Movies
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Tokyo Grand Renovation Blog | Home Renov.. by Tokyo Grand Renovation トーキョーグランドリノべ.. - 1M ago
Mise-en-scène: Interior Design in Two Japanese Movies
A FILM OF ROMANCE AND FANTASY - property of CoMix Wave Films

As shown in their films, it is no secret that Japanese movies have always featured the beauty and simplicity of their interior design. And people have admired their movies for years and changed the film industry all over the world through their aesthetic and Japanese horror. Japanese movies have always been inspired of their culture and the experiences they had as a country; from wars, earthquakes, calamities, and accidents.

Through this, people have experienced Japanese culture and admired the vibe of the country through their aesthetic. For us to fully explain the interior design in Japanese films, we will have to issue a warning since we will state a couple of movies in this article, there will be spoilers.

INSIDE THE HOMES IN JAPANESE FILMS - screenshots courtesy of Dantsukasa
INSPIRATION FOR JAPANESE MOVIES

As mentioned before, Japanese films are inspired by their experiences especially after the war and notable calamities the struck the country. Countless of stories was produced to represent the lives of citizens in the aftermath of said events. There are also stories that features the life during the darkest of times which inspired the genre of Japanese Horror that was born after the Hiroshima War.

In 1945, during the last stage of World War II, the United States dropped atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki that killed more than 129,000 people, most of whom are civilians. This is the only and remains the only use of nuclear weapons in an armed conflict. It is unknown of how many people died due to the aftermath of the bombings, people who were exposed to the blast, heat and nuclear radiation. This war has affected the lives of people long after it finished.

With their history, Japanese artists have reflected their stories and visions to reflect the trials and tribulations of Japan.

MISE-EN-SCÈNE

In film studies, mise-en-scène is the arrangement of elements that can be seen in the scene/screen. This term is used to describe the placement of characters, set design, lighting, color, space and composition and everything that the director chose to show in a scene. You could say, this is a concept that resembles the interior design of a house or a space. Also, interior design is a big part of the mise-en-scène of a scene. This gives the scene symbolism and/or foreshadowing the next events in the story. It also gives the viewers the feel of the movie. This is also the reason why it is important to understand interior design of the film.

In Japanese movies, it reflects in their movies the interior of a traditional Japanese household as well as the aesthetic of their bustling cities. In this article, we will show you a couple of movies that showcases the feel and the inspiration for interior design.

A MOVIE OF TRADITION - screenshot courtesy of TV Tropes
EQUINOX FLOWER 彼岸花 (1958)
DIRECTED BY YASUJIRŌ OZU

Plot: Equinox Flower is a story that revolves around a traditional businessman that got upset in knowing that his daughter will get married without asking for his permission or even wait for him to find her a husband.

“Hirayama is a fairly ordinary Tokyo businessman in late middle age. He is not as hidebound by tradition as some, as indicated by the sage advice he gives a friend whose daughter has run away to be married. But when a man named Taniguchi shows up at his office one day and asks for the hand of his daughter Setsuko in marriage, Hirayama flips out. Angry over not being asked before Taniguchi and Setsuko chose each other, Hirayama refuses to consent to the marriage. It eventually becomes clear that his daughter is going to get married anyway, however, and Hirayama is left to make peace with his daughter’s wedding and Japan’s rapidly changing culture.” (TV Tropes)

LUXE IN JAPANESE COLOR - screenshot courtesy of Pinterest

Equinox Flower is the very first Japanese film in color that was release in 1951 and it shows the traditional style of interior design in Japan and it also shows the transition between the traditional design to the modern interior design.

INSIDE WHAT HAPPENS TO BE A TRADITIONAL JAPANESE ABODE - image courtesy of Pinterest
WHO IS ARATA ISOZAKI, THE RECIPIENT OF THE 2019 PRITZKER ARCHITECTURE PRIZE?

“Future cities are themselves ruins. Our contemporary cities are destined to live only a fleeting moment," he said.

KIMI NO NAWA 君の名は / YOUR NAME (2016)
DIRECTED BY MAKOTO SHINKAI
A FILM OF ROMANCE AND FANTASY - property of CoMix Wave Films

Plot: Your Name is a story of a young romance, adventure and the thread of fate that binds us together.

“The day the stars fell, two lives changed forever. High schoolers Mitsuha and Taki are complete strangers living separate lives. But one night, they suddenly switch places. Mitsuha wakes up in Taki’s body, and he in hers. This bizarre occurrence continues to happen randomly, and the two must adjust their lives around each other. Yet, somehow, it works. They build a connection and communicate by leaving notes, messages, and more importantly, an imprint. When a dazzling comet lights up the night’s sky, something shifts, and they seek each other out wanting something more-a chance to finally meet. But try as they might, something more daunting than distance prevents them. Is the string of fate between Mitsuha and Taki strong enough to bring them together, or will forces outside their control leave them forever separated?” (Rotten Tomatoes)

URBAN IN COMPARISON - screenshots courtesy of Dantsukasa

Despite being an animated film, most of Kimi No Na Wa’s setting was based on real places in Japan. This film perfectly shows the difference of the urban and rural houses since the two main characters lives in two different worlds. Kimi no na wa shows the simplicity of both settings yet seems so different which shows the diversity of Japanese interior design.

Japanese films have truly showcased the beauty of their culture through their art and films and it did not only inspire movies from all over the world but they also inspired other people’s lifestyle.

FROM YEARS, YEARS BACK - screenshots courtesy of Dantsukasa

If you want your space to be a live action set of a Japanese movie, TGR can help make your interior design fantasies come through. Tokyo Grand Renovation (TGR) is a Japanese home interior design and renovation firm that focuses on designing and building luxury spaces that are stylish, elegant, and also functional using Japanese lifestyle craftsmanship. TGR is located at the heart of Makati Central District. Learn more about us here.

For inquiries, don’t hesitate to give us a call at 832 16 76, or send an e-mail at  info@tgr.com.ph.

TGRはマカティの高級インテリアデザイン、リノベーション、会社です。TGRは 住宅および商業 スペースの為のデザインと建築を提供 し ております。お問い合わせは 、02832 1676 にお電話いただくか、 電子メール info@tgr.com.ph へ送信 お願いします。

日本語で会社のウェブサイトをご覧ください:https://tgr.com.ph/ja

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Tokyo Grand Renovation Blog | Home Renov.. by Tokyo Grand Renovation トーキョーグランドリノべ.. - 1M ago
Minimalist Tips to Revamp Your Kitchen Interior Design to Japandi
TURNING JAPANDI - image courtesy of Materialicious

Kitchen is the heart of the home,” some might say. Have you ever wondered why you and your family gravitate toward the kitchen? Over the years, the kitchen became the center of the house that caters to everyone in your family and even serves as a place to accept guests. And now, husband or wife, brother or sister, everyone in the family uses the kitchen. Given this title, it is only fair that your kitchen design embodies the warm and welcoming feeling it is supposed to represent.

Since our kitchen serves different kinds of people, but it should not only be aesthetically pleasing but also functional. For this year, 2019, there is a new design trend that serves both beautiful and functional that show the beauty in imperfection.

Japandi is the fusion of Scandinavian and Japanese design and according to experts, it is currently one of the promising trends for interior design in 2019. Because of the similarities between the two designs, Japandi found harmony between their minimalist roots and love for simple but still aesthetically pleasing and functional design. But before we dive in the fusion, let us first understand the humble beginnings of both Scandinavian Design and Japanese Design to understand how they blended so well together and created a partnership despite the distance of their country of origin.

WOODEN KITCHEN - image courtesy of Nordiskakok

Scandinavian Design is known for it’s simple and clean design and their priority to make space functional which is their number one priority. With the abundance of space, the rustic design stands out and gives the room the feeling of warmth and coziness. This minimalist design started in the 1930s which originated from Nordic countries such as Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden that found its way to the United States and Canada.

To understand Japanese design, we must first look into the concept of Wabi-Sabi that originated from Zen Buddhism or Japanese Buddhism. This school of Buddhism believes in the beauty of imperfection and teaches self-control and to bond with nature. The beauty of Asian design is the imperfect shapes and rough edges add to the rustic design that is similar to the Scandinavian design. It is said that Japanese design is suitable for any room and brings harmony between a person and his or her environment.

TIPS ON REVAMPING YOUR KITCHEN TO JAPANDI STYLE

The marriage between Scandi and Japanese design is their inspiration with nature. Both designs believes in naturally made products that are ecologically friendly and sustainable. They both promote minimalistic design with functionality as their main priority. Though similar, both Scandinavian and Japanese designs have a unique element in their design, and they blend so well together that they paved their way to the appeal of experts in 2019.

COMBINE FURNITURE STYLE

Though both styles believes in natural materials such as wood, they have a distinct taste on what kind it is. In your kitchen, look for the furnishing that compliments well together and show the contrast between the lightness from the Scandi elements and the darkness from the Japanese elements.

FUNCTION OVER FASHION

The main purpose of both styles is to make useful designs that are also beautiful. Both designs, value functionality so your kitchen must not only be “aesthetic” but also furnished with useful elements that you, your family and maybe even some of your guests can appreciate. With that said, there are statement pieces that you can incorporate to further enhance the aesthetic of the room.

DIFFERENT FURNITURE, SAME LOOK AND STYLE - image courtesy of Nordiskakok
WHO IS ARATA ISOZAKI, THE RECIPIENT OF THE 2019 PRITZKER ARCHITECTURE PRIZE?

“Future cities are themselves ruins. Our contemporary cities are destined to live only a fleeting moment," he said.

CHOOSE CONTRASTING COLORS

Both Japanese and Scandinavian design styles have different color palettes that they incorporate to their design. For Scandi style, they lean more towards the lighter color, like white and pastels, while Japanese style leans towards the dark side for their color palette. With this, Japandi creates beautiful harmony between light and dark colors while also showing the contrast between the two.

LEAVE LINES AND OPEN SPACES

In the Japanese design, furniture tend to be lower than most interior design styles because it is traditional in Japan and there is a need in their culture to be closer to the ground. Being low to the ground gives a sense of having more space.

Simple and minimal lines combined with fun patterns can create a homey feel to the room and add a bit of texture to the design.

OPEN AND NATURALE- image courtesy of Nordiskakok
PLACE NATURAL ELEMENTS

Japandi design style finds beauty and inspiration. So, it is only fitting to incorporate plants and handmade pots into your kitchen to create a sense of peace and connection between you and your environment. Choose simple green plants instead of flowers together with a stunning vase. Be careful not to go overboard, a simple plant as a centerpiece or a decorative in the corner will do just fine.

The concept of Japandi may come off as a simple one, especially with the blending hybrid of the concepts of Zen and Scandinavian. However, this style is especially ideal in the kitchen, as it is the most used space in the house aside from the bedroom. The simple touch of a Japandi design helps you in two aspects – first, concentration in cooking, and second, focusing on the yummy taste test, of course!

Looking to remodel your kitchen?

Tokyo Grand Renovation is a full-service interior design and renovation firm specializing in the design and build of luxury interiors through exquisite Japanese craftsmanship. We also offer inclusive interior design styles and design and build packages, should you are still pondering on a specific look.

For inquiries, don’t hesitate to give us a call at 832 16 76, or send an e-mail at  info@tgr.com.ph.

TGRはマカティの高級インテリアデザイン、リノベーション、会社です。TGRは 住宅および商業 スペースの為のデザインと建築を提供 し ております。お問い合わせは 、02832 1676 にお電話いただくか、 電子メール info@tgr.com.ph へ送信 お願いします。

日本語で会社のウェブサイトをご覧ください:https://tgr.com.ph/ja

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Tokyo Grand Renovation Blog | Home Renov.. by Tokyo Grand Renovation トーキョーグランドリノべ.. - 1M ago
Mother’s Love: Reminiscent Interior Places that Remind Us of Mom

Mothers are the best people in the world. They invest all their love and support without asking anything in return. The feeling of having a home is comparable to a mother’s love. After a long tiring day, we would go home to feel free and be surrounded by positivity. We cling up to them when the world seems to push us. Like a mother who makes us feel loved and warm, we also want to have a home where we can share our vulnerability and be embraced with love. This Mother’s Day, everyone in Tokyo Grand Renovation wants to pay homage to our mothers in the way we know how – through decor and interior. 

Which part of home do we remember our moms the most?

AFTERNOON BREAKS AT THE BALCONY

Balconies give extra space on areas without a lot like apartment buildings. This is perhaps one of the benefits of having a balcony. After all the hustle and bustle, you may want to relax and have a serene place of your own. One of the perks of having a balcony is having easy access to aerial views. You may enjoy the breathtaking view of sunsets and the feel fresh air that gives you a warm fuzzy feeling of your childhood.

BALCONY DATES WITH MAMA - image courtesy of YouTube

It also gives versatility to the environment of the home. You may enjoy outdoor settings like barbeque parties and dinner. Balconies may also be transformed into a garden which most moms like to do.

HEARTY CHATS IN THE HOME GARDEN

One of the advice that moms usually tell is that the first step of winning is failing. Gardening requires a series of trial and errors. It’s an experiment that takes over and over to make the plants grow beautiful and healthy. Like in life, there hardships and failures before one achieve success.

Home gardens are very common in urban homes. It gives a connection to nature in the middle of the city. String gardens are very common in apartment or flats. One popular practice of string gardening is the Kokedama (苔玉) or ‘moss ball’ in English. It uses akadama soil, peat, moss, and sand in each of the clay balls in a string garden plan.

A garden is always a series of losses set against a few triumphs, like life itself.
- May Sarton
AN INTIMATE TALK IN THE HOME GARDEN - image courtesy of Home-Designing

A string garden does not need pots that is common in container gardening. These plants only use a minimal amount of space, therefore you can enjoy having a garden and still have room to accommodate furniture.

Having a garden may help you practice your creativity, figuring out which to plant, in what way to arrange them and which is more beneficial to all plants. Even not participating in a gardening task, just sitting and relaxing on your garden may give you a serene feeling and relaxation.

TORN CHOOSING BETWEEN THE BACHELOR, AND THE BACHELORETTE?

Know the real psychology behind what makes an interior design masculine or feminine.

COOKING SESSIONS IN THE KITCHEN

Another way how moms show their love towards their family is by cooking. A mother’s cooking will always have an impact on a child until it grows up. A perfect example of describing this feeling is when Anton Ego from Ratatouille had a flashback of his childhood after tasting the meal.

You may find yourself reminiscing the time you were sneaking inside the kitchen to taste some of the sauce and running back to your room as your mother caught you picking your fingers on the food. Study says that food memories are more sensory than other memories in that they involve really all five senses, so when you’re that thoroughly engaged with the stimulus it has a more powerful effect.

KITCHEN BONDINGS OF LOVE - image courtesy of Pinterest

As they say, the kitchen is the heart of the home. It is a part of the house where it is utilized by all family members on a regular basis. Mothers often rule the kitchen that’s why it makes extra special. They always make an effort to provide heartwarming meals for the family.

MOVIE DATES IN THE LIVING ROOM

The most used spaces in a house are the living room. It has many purposes, from hanging out with the family to entertaining guests or just by relaxing by watching tv. Typically, living rooms have plenty of seating and it serves as the casual and most versatile rooms. A lot of items are placed in a living room so it’s important to arrange them in the most efficient way.

LATE NIGHT MOVIES WITH MOMMY - image courtesy of Coco Lapine Design

According to Joy Ejercito, a mother and an interior designer, the living room should be the heart of a home.“Since it’s spacious, the kids use it to study, take a nap, play video games, play the piano, and watch movies,” she shares. “And we get to do those things with them as well.”

This Mother’s Day, get your mother something special by redecorating her home to thank her for the amount she spent in the kitchen to feed you wonderful meals while you’re growing up.

Above all, make her feel loved because she deserves it.

For inquiries, don’t hesitate to give us a call at 832 16 76, or send an e-mail at  info@tgr.com.ph.

TGRはマカティの高級インテリアデザイン、リノベーション、会社です。TGRは 住宅および商業 スペースの為のデザインと建築を提供 し ております。お問い合わせは 、02832 1676 にお電話いただくか、 電子メール info@tgr.com.ph へ送信 お願いします。

日本語で会社のウェブサイトをご覧ください:https://tgr.com.ph/ja

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Tokyo Grand Renovation Blog | Home Renov.. by Tokyo Grand Renovation トーキョーグランドリノべ.. - 1M ago
The Shade: Importance of Curtains and How to Improve Them

Curtains, in the grand scheme of things, are often taken for granted. In a way, most people do not see the importance of curtains and looks at it as a necessary aspect of the room and often seen as a boring piece in an, otherwise, exciting puzzle. In interior design, we do not just look for the statement piece, we look at every little detail, even as simple as choosing the color scheme and design of the curtains.

In general, it is common knowledge that curtains are very useful tools to regulate the light inside your home, prevents dust and gives you privacy to do anything without the fear of people from the outside seeing you. But, curtains are not just boring but important tool to prevent the sun from blinding you or keeping the strangers out from invading your privacy, it also improves the beauty of your room and brings out the uniqueness of the other pieces. Choosing a curtain is not as simple as choosing a color, or texture that you like. You have to take into consideration the look and the feel of the room and chose the curtain that will blend well in harmony with the other elements of the room.

In most cases, the way we hang our curtains are one of the most important factors in decorating and it is also one of the reasons why our curtains do not stand out. There are a lot of common mistakes in hanging curtains but when done right, it can do wonders in improving the overall aesthetic of the room and your house in general. Here are some Do’s and Don’t in hanging curtains.

Do's and Dont's in Curtain Placement
DO's AND DONT's of CURTAIN PLACEMENT. Image Courtesy of Nadine Stay
DON’T
Don’t put curtain rod directly above the window frame.

DO
Do position your curtain rod approximately 4-6” above the window or
go directly to the ceiling.

By doing this, it can appear to yours and your guest’s eyes that your windows are taller than it actually is.

DON’T
Don’t use a narrow rod that forces the curtains to cover up some of the windows.

DO
Do get a rod that is wide enough so the curtains don’t cover up the windows
when they are pulled back.

Make sure that the curtains and curtain rod are wide enough so it can cover the inner corners only, not the glass. This way your windows will look wide and larger than it actually is and you will not lose too much light.

DON’T
Do not get curtains that are too short.

DO
Do get curtains that reach the floor.


If you want to have a more romantic feel, let the curtain fall and puddle on the floor but if you are worried about getting them dirty then just stop an inch or two inches before fabric hits the floor.

Additional tips in CUrtain Placement
DO choose appropriate fabrics

Choose the fabric that is suited for the intended feel of the room. Light materials such as linen or frilled lace are intended for filtering light and adds a casual and romantic vibe. Heavy material such as velvet, polyester or even cotton curtains are intended to warm up the place and gives more privacy to space.

PRODUCT NO. SC3356, BLACKOUT POLYESTER CURTAIN. Image Courtesy of Sangetsu.
DO use a curtain that is longer than your curtain rod.

Make sure that when it is closed, the curtains do not lie flat on the windows, it will make it look bland. In doing this, you will show the fullness of the windows either it is closed or open.

PRODUCT NO. SC3036, MODERN POLYESTER CURTAIN. Courtesy of Sangetsu.
Mix n' Match

There are also different ways to mix and match the design of your curtains. First, the traditional, drawn back curtains with the transition of heavy material and light material. It is a simple yet elegant design that gives a homey feel to the room.

PRODUCT NO. SC3006, MODERN POLYESTER AND RAYON CURTAIN. Image Courtesy of Sangetsu.

Another pair is a mix between patterned design and solid colored curtains that can be a contrast to the colors of the room and the furniture. It could also go the other way around where the curtains can be plain with a light color scheme that can match the patterns and colors of the room.

And even just hanging a simple lace or satin curtain can add a romantic and charming vibe without completely blocking the natural light.

There are different ways to make as simple as a curtain, exciting. There is a perfect balance in everything that is why understanding the feel and the design of a room is important. Every element should compliment each other and give harmony to the place to bring peace to whoever goes in and out. As mentioned before, interior design does not only focus on the key elements of the room, such as the walls and furniture, it also focuses on little details that compliments and enhances every aspect of the design.

For inquiries, don’t hesitate to give us a call at 832 16 76, or send an e-mail at  info@tgr.com.ph.

TGRはマカティの高級インテリアデザイン、リノベーション、会社です。TGRは 住宅および商業 スペースの為のデザインと建築を提供 し ております。お問い合わせは 、02832 1676 にお電話いただくか、 電子メール info@tgr.com.ph へ送信 お願いします。

日本語で会社のウェブサイトをご覧ください:https://tgr.com.ph/ja

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Tokyo Grand Renovation Blog | Home Renov.. by Tokyo Grand Renovation トーキョーグランドリノべ.. - 1M ago
Highly Efficient Japanese Techniques for Earthquake-proofing
THE EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT FA-BO - image courtesy of Dezeen

“On March 11, I was with my wife, Yuko. My name is Hiromitsu. I just want to report that I am still alive on the twelfth and was with my wife, Yuko, yesterday. She was born January 12 of Showa 26.”

These were only some of the words survivor Hiromitsu Shinkawa wrote on the things he picked up while being sailed off on the ocean, two days after the great tsunami wiped out home. With his found futon, tatami mat, a piece of marker, and a comic book, he clung to life writing letters for the living. Shinkawa was then 60 years old.

Since the earliest recorded Hakuhou Nankai earthquake in 684, the country of Japan routinely expects almost 2,000 earthquakes per year. The Land of the Rising Sun is prone to strong land tremors and convulsions due to the fact that it is circumscribed by the active volcanic zones and oceanic trenches of the Pacific Ring of Fire.

THE DESTRUCTION AFTER THE GREAT EARTHQUAKE - image courtesy of Alpha Press
"The Land of the Rising Sun is prone to strong land tremors and convulsions due to the fact that it is circumscribed by the active volcanic zones and oceanic trenches of the Pacific Ring of Fire."

To date, the most recent destructive quake that hit the islands was the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake (北海道胆振東部地震) – a magnitude 6.6 tremor at Tomakomai, Hokkaido. However, the historically strongest and most disastrous catastrophe to ever strike the land was the Great East Japan Earthquake (東日本大震災 ), which Hiromitsu Shinkawa survived. With a magnitude level of 9.1, the undersea mega rupture started off at the east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tohoku, lasting for approximately six minutes and taking almost 20,000 lives in total. The Tohoku tremor is the fourth most powerful earthquake to date. It moved the main island of Honshu 2.4 meters to the east, and consequently tilted the axis of the Earth by approximately 4 to 10 inches. Aside from the 7.1 magnitude aftershock that followed, a 40.5-meter high tsunami was also triggered.

These inevitable and recurring catastrophes have pushed Japanese thinkers to continuously devise ways on how to decrease damages to a minimum. Different techniques on earthquake-proof structures have been innovated, especially after they saw the sturdy houses of traditional wooden workmanship crumble to the ground after the quake of Great Kanto in 1923. Even after then, ongoing upheaval of structural methods in architecture and engineering were developed to effectively assemble and build establishments that, if not earthquake-proof, are earthquake-resistant instead. We’ve compiled some of the leading-edge approaches presently being utilized by Japan to make earthquake-proof homes and buildings.

THE LEVITATING HOUSE
BY AIR DANSHIN SYSTEMS, INC.

Air Danshin Systems, Inc., a Tokyo-based firm distributing air shock systems, is the company behind the awarded “levitating house”, designed by inventor Shoichi Sakamoto. Literally pushing a house up in the air when an earthquake strikes, the product by Sakamoto works behind the ingenious concept of having a house rest atop of a large deflated air bag. Stable and grounded when there are only light underground tremors, the deflated air bags below the foundation of the house have installed sensors to feel an oncoming quake. Within a fraction of a second, the sensors signal to an installed compressor, switching it on.

THE HOUSE LEVITATES OFF THE GROUND BY 3 CM - image courtesy of Air Danshin

The compressor will quickly start to pump air into the earlier deflated air bag, efficiently inflating it. In theory and in practice, the inflated air bag will push the entire house upwards by an approximate of three centimeters, thereby propelling it to float or “levitate” above ground for a few seconds. These few seconds are essentially crucial for the people dwelling inside, as the effects of the quake, such as the destructive shaking,  may be reduced to a minimum. After the tremor, the sensors shut off the compressor, gradually deflating the bag to pull the house back to the ground.

However, the airlift doesn’t guarantee complete safety from larger earthquakes, such as a tremor similar to the Great East Japan Earthquake (東日本大震災 ). A system best efficient to earthquakes with lower magnitude, the “levitating house” is still very much vulnerable to impending tsunamis, such as the follow through of the 2011 destructive quake of Japan. “It would take care of a smaller earthquake, I would think”, Deke Smith told ASME.

THE AIRBAG SYSTEM - image courtesy of Air Danshin

Deke Smith is the Executive Director of the Building Seismic Safety Council (BSSC) and buildingSMART, as associated with the Washington-based National Institute of Building Sciences. The sensors also have the dangers of being considered too late, should the first tremors it detect be the strongest, and most sudden jolts of the quake. The Air Danshin airlift system had been tried for experimentations in 88 houses back in 2012, leaving it still set for ongoing development and beta testing. However, the Air Danshin airlift system paved its way through technological breakthroughs in earthquake-proofing, and is therefore expected to be improved even more as new studies on the detection of earthquakes be made.

"These inevitable and recurring catastrophes have pushed Japanese thinkers to continuously devise ways on how to decrease damages to a minimum."
FA-BO CARBON FIBER PROTECTION
By Kengo Kuma and Associates

Manufactured by Komatsu Seiren, the fa-bo is an fabric laboratory office transformed by renowned Japanese architect Kengo Kuma. Famous for having designed the shipping container-built Starbucks Taiwan and the newly-opened Starbucks Roastery Reserve in Tokyo, Kuma renovated the three-storey building to become an earthquake-resistant structure to be strengthened and supported by carbon rods.

THE FA-BO - image courtesy of Dezeen

Located in Nomi in the Ishikawa Prefecture, Kengo Kuma & Associates told Dezeen: “The fiber rod is said to be seven times stronger than iron, and this is the very first time that this material was used as a means of reinforcement against earthquakes.” The fiber rods are made of thermoplastic carbon-fiber composite, which are extremely advantageous in terms of tensile strength, stiffness, and temperature tolerance against traditional materials such as steel and concrete. All in all, fa-bo uses 1,031 rods externally holding the building from the roof to the ground. Inside, 2,778 rods are installed to further reinforce the structure from within. “When the building jolts left, the rod on the right pulls it back, and vice versa. A curtain of 2,778 rods inside adds a further layer of stability,” Shun Horiki, the project’s lead architect, explained to Wired.

FA-BO CARBON FIBERS - image courtesy of Dezeen

Clad in knitted, light rods, the flexible curtain of carbon fiber acts seemingly and seamlessly like a “transparent cloak”, with openings in between to provide ample space for entrance.

#BuildBackBetter:
THE SENDAI FRAMEWORK

The whole world is unceasingly looking for ways to reduce all forms of disaster risks, such as earthquakes. With ample thought and consideration not only to lives, but to health, economic, physical, social, cultural, and environmental assets, a concrete example of this global effort would be the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. Formally adopted in the Third UN World Conference in Sendai, Japan in March 18, 2015, the Sendai Framework is the successor of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters. It has Seven Global Targets:

(a) Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030, aiming to lower average per 100,000 global mortality rate in the decade 2020-2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.

(b) Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030, aiming to lower average global figure per 100,000 in the decade 2020 -2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.

(c) Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030.

(d) Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030.

(e) Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020.

(f) Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of this Framework by 2030.

(g) Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030.

"Formally adopted in the Third UN World Conference in Sendai, Japan in March 18, 2015, the Sendai Framework is the successor of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters."
THE SENDAI FRAMEWORK - image courtesy of UNAIDS

In order to achieve the Global Targets, the Sendai Framework highlights Four Priorities for Action, which includes: 1) Understanding the disaster risk, 2) Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk, 3) investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience, and 4) Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

Magnified by Priority Action #3 (investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience), prevention will always be better than the methods to find responsive cure. These investments for bettered resilience in disaster risk reduction not only include the levitating house and the carbon fiber curtain. For one, innovated technology now applies the concept of damping in structures. Restraining vibratory motions in the form of electric currents, oscillations, and energy dissipation, the physics of damping is best illustrated by the presence of shock absorbers.

Priority Action #4, or the themed Build Back Better, is response-related. Encouraging more individuals for the industry to help victims of earthquakes and other catastrophes, a Japanese mind, known to be the disaster architect, is  behind what is called emergency architecture: structural systems created in response to disaster-stricken areas to provide relief after the calamity.  

WHO IS ARATA ISOZAKI, THE RECIPIENT OF THE 2019 PRITZKER ARCHITECTURE PRIZE?

“Future cities are themselves ruins. Our contemporary cities are destined to live only a fleeting moment," he said.

CARDBOARD CATHEDRAL By Shigeru Ban

“The collapse of buildings kills people; that’s the responsibility of architects,” says Ban.

Shigeru Ban is a Tokyo-born architect best-known for his work on the innovative uses of paper. Particularly experimenting the use of recycled cardboard tubes, Ban won the 37th Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2014, which another Japanese – avant-garde Arata Isozaki – will bag away for 2019. The “disaster architect” started his work in 1986 to provide disaster relief in quake-stricken areas, but his most notable would be the Cardboard Cathedral in Christchurch, New Zealand.

The Transitional Cathedral, as the place was previously known, was heavily damaged by the Christchurch earthquake on February 22, 2011. The 6.2 magnitude tremor rocked the cathedral’s spire to the point of collapse, rendering its tower and the rest of its walls severely damaged. The remains of the cathedral was demolished in March 2012. Having been invited by Rev. Craig Dixon, the cathedral’s marketing and development manager, Ban took on the design and renovation of the place of worship. He did so by planning it to be made of cardboard tubes.

INSIDE THE CARDBOARD CATHEDRAL - image courtesy of Pinterest

Made from 98mm giant cardboard tubes with 600 mm diameter and 20 meters length, the Cardboard Cathedral cost approximately $6 million, with the tubes coated with three layers of waterproof polyurethane. They are protected with a polycarbonate roof above, and a solid concrete floor beneath. For additional reinforcement and support, wooden beams were inserted inside the tubes. Built to last 50 years or so, the A-frame cathedral has a guaranteed concrete base, filled with fashioned stained glass.

“The collapse of buildings kills people; that’s the responsibility of architects,” says Ban.
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