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Imagine a plant that can glow in the dark, a chicken the size of a turkey, a pig as big as a Volkswagen beetle, and a corn with black and red grains. You can find these creepy organisms out there, and all of this is possible thanks to genetic engineering.

For years, we have been told that GMO (genetically modified organisms) are essentially bad for both human beings and “everything else.” But why? Is this really bad?

In the same way, pro-GMO scientists have sustained that the advantages of GMO; in a way, have led humanity to amazing discoveries in advanced medicine and treatments against lethal diseases such as cancer. However, there is a shocking relationship between Genetic Engineering applications and the propagation of rare diseases, mostly in the food industry. So, what is going on?

Let us take a closer look at what a GMO is about

A GMO (genetically modified organism) is the result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one or two species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal. The foreign genes may come from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals or even humans. Because of this “transfer of genes,” GMOs are also known as “transgenic” organisms.

Why are GMO so dangerous?

Long time ago, it was believed that the food (plants, fish, fruits, insects, etc.) consumed by humans and other animals was not able to transfer their own genetic information. This is because during food digestion, all macromolecules are thought to be degraded to elementary constituents such as amino acids and nucleotide (Nutrients)  which are transported to the circulatory system and then released into specific cells around the body. All this process is done by a very complex mechanism whose properties have not been completely understood.

According to Sandor Spisak (Molecular Medicine Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America) and colleagues, small fragments of nucleic acids may pass to the bloodstream, and even get into various tissues. For example; foreign DNA fragments were detected in the digestive tract of rainbow trouts, goats, pigs, and mice, which were fed by genetically modified soybean.

The same results have revealed that foreign DNA from GMO plants can be transferred into human cells. For example, in China in early 2012, a study showed that ingested plant such as the genetically modified Bt corn, not only survive digestion, but also influenced human cell function.

This experiment proved that Bt Corn’s DNA was harmful, and also demonstrated that Bt corn was linked to more than ten years of human diseases including cancer, Alzheimer’s, and diabetes.

This is just one of the many reasons (backed by solid data and scientific results) why thousands of people and organizations around the world are against GMO for consumption. We still do not fully understand how our bodies process and assimilate nutrients at a genetic and molecular level. But, we know that there is a huge possibility that DNA information can be transferred to human cells through his digestive system, and also can be stored in different kind of cells which is a very serious situation.

Complete Hydroponics has a very strong commitment to produce nutrients that are FREE FROM GMO agents that are harmful to plants and animals. Our nutrients come from natural sources and are especially formulated to help your plants grow better, healthier and stronger.


See how easy genes can be introduced into a different specie

Because living organisms have natural barriers to protect themselves against the introduction of DNA from different species, genetic engineers must force the DNA from one organism into another.

Their methods include:

  • Using viruses or bacteria to “infect” animal or plant cells with the new DNA.
  • Coating DNA onto tiny metal pellets, and firing it with a special gun into the cells.
  • Injecting the new DNA into fertilized eggs with a very fine needle.
  • Using electric shocks to create holes in the membrane covering sperm, and then forcing the new DNA into the sperm through these holes.


Is genetic engineering precise?
The technology of genetic engineering is currently very crude. It is not possible to insert a new gene with any accuracy, and the transfer of new genes can disrupt the finely controlled network of DNA in an organism.

Current understanding of the way in which DNA works is extremely limited, and any change to the DNA of an organism at any point can have side effects that are impossible to predict or control. The new gene could, for example, alter chemical reactions within the cell or disturb cell functions. This could lead to instability, the creation of new toxins or allergens, and changes in nutritional value.


But haven’t growers been grafting trees, breeding animals, and hybridizing seeds for years?

Genetic engineering is completely different from traditional breeding and carries unique risks.

In traditional breeding, it is possible to mate a pig with another pig to get a new variety, but is not possible to mate a pig with a potato or a mouse. Even when species that may seem to be closely related do succeed in breeding, the offspring are usually infertile; a horse, for example, can mate with a donkey, but the offspring (a mule) is sterile.

With genetic engineering, scientists can breach species barriers set up by nature. For example, they have spliced fish genes into tomatoes. The results are plants (or animals) with traits that would be virtually impossible to obtain with natural processes, such as crossbreeding or grafting.

These are the genetic combinations that have been tried so far

It is now possible for plants to be engineered with genes taken from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals or even humans. Scientists have worked on some interesting combinations:

  • Spider genes were inserted into goat DNA, in hopes that the goat milk would contain spider web protein for use in bulletproof vests.
  • Cow genes turned pigskins into cowhides.
  • Jellyfish genes lit up pigs’ noses in the dark.
  • Artic fish genes gave tomatoes and strawberries tolerance to frost.

Field trials have included:

  • Corn engineered with human genes (Dow)
  • Sugarcane engineered with human genes (Hawaii Agriculture Research Center)
  • Corn engineered with jellyfish genes (Stanford University)
  • Tobacco engineered with lettuce genes (University of Hawaii)
  • Rice engineered with human genes (Applied Phytologics)
  • Corn engineered with hepatitis virus genes (Prodigene)
  • Potatoes that glowed in the dark when they needed watering.
  • Human genes were inserted into corn to produce spermicide.

Measures you should take when growing Hydroponics

When growing Hydroponics, plants have the tendency to absorb nutrients faster and more efficiently than soil. Some nutrients have the ability to dissolve barriers such as cellular membranes to facilitate the path of micro and macromolecules so your plant can use them for its own development.

This property is very important because when you have a nutrient made from GMO sources, dangerous elements can be transferred into your plant and become a part of its own system.

We all know that corporations like Monsanto, Miracle Grow, General Hydroponics and may others, are international iconic companies linked to dangerous GMO activities and developments of poisonous products such as pesticides like Round Up which is used in almost all agricultural business around the world.

For this reason, you should buy products like Complete Gardening, Complete Hydroponics, and some other of your preference to avoid serious side effects that can seriously affect your overall health in the long run.


 We encourage growers around the world to do their own research about the way nutrients are produced and also, try different alternatives and track positive changes in your plants. Please, stick with natural derived and organic hydroponic nutrients to get the best out of your plants, which is the greatest and most value asset for hydroponic growers such as yourself.


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Imagine that you could survive for months absorbing sunlight the same way plants do it. That would be really cool if you think about it, no more starvation.

For many years, this idea was considered impossible or even absurd due to the fact that plants and animals have a very different biological mechanism. However, scientists have discovered a creature that could borrow genes form algae and incorporate them into its cells to mimic some plants’ vital functions.

The creature

The most advanced form of survival would be eating  plants and become photosynthetic.  Let’s take a look at the animal that has this kind of super powers, the Elysia Chlorotica.

This animal is a lurid green sea slug, with a gelatinous leaf-shaped body that lives along the Atlantic seaboard of the US, but what sets it apart from most other sea slugs, is its ability to run on solar power.

Mary Rumpho of the University of Maine, is an expert on E. chlorotica and has now discovered how the sea slug gets the ability to photosynthezise just like a plant.

We have known for some time that an alga is a super food for both plants and animals. Its properties can easily be transferred to improve plant’s structural functions, health, growth, flowering, and much more.

How does the Slug do the trick?

Young E. Chlorotica fed with algae for two weeks and could survive for the rest of their year-long lives without eating. But, is this possible?

Chloroplasts only contain enough DNA to encode about 10% of the proteins needed to keep themselves running. The other necessary genes are found in the algae’s nuclear DNA. “So the question has always been, how do they continue to function in an animal cell missing all of these proteins,” says Rumpho.

The answer: They get the genes from the alga they feed from and incorporate them within its own cells along with the chloroplasts (Cells responsible for photosynthesis).  That’s really awesome! The X-men of the animal kingdom.

In another surprising development, the researchers found the algal gene in E. chlorotica‘s sex cells, meaning the ability to maintain functional chloroplasts could be passed to the next generation.

The researchers believe many more photosynthesis genes are acquired from the alga, but still need to understand how the plant genes are activated inside sea-slug cells.

Now, What about a transfer from Alga to Plants or Alga to Humans?

Liverpool University, Professor Greg Hurst, says that DNA jumping from one specie to another is not rare. However, despite the fact that that species can transfer their own genes to a different one, the DNA does not appear to function in the new species.  BUT, What if this is possible to a certain degree?

Alga to plants

Scientists have found that when plants are fed with algae derivatives, they tend to develop certain characteristics. For example, when an alga’s derivative is applied to the plant’s root system, the entire rhizosphere tends to grow in proportions that surpass any other plant grown under normal circumstances. It increases plant’s immune system; improves size, leaf formation, flowering stages, flavor, and aromas.

The benefits of Algae are beyond imagination for both humans and plants, and we still don’t know much about it. But what we do know is that it works, and you should be using it.

Alga to Humans

Other animals are able to harness sunlight after eating plants, says Mary Rumpho, but this is only because they acquire the entire plant cells, which is very different to transforming an animal cell into a solar-powered plant-animal hybrid.

It is unlikely that humans could become photosynthetic in this way because our digestive tract system just destroys all that stuff up including the chloroplasts and the DNA.

The sea-slug phenomenon might be a piece of evidence that demonstrate that gene transfer can occur to a certain degree between species.Some cases are perceptible and amusing, like the slug that can transform his own body into a solar panel for survival, and also can transfer its biological adaptation to the next generation. But, what about those changes that can occur, but are not perceptible to the naked eye? This is one of the reasons why GMO is so controversial.

Stay away from GMO

We are going to talk about this topic in our next article, but I am going to leave some insights about this phenomenon that lately, nobody seems to pay much attention.

A GMO (genetically modified organism) is the result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one specie are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal.

This technique that uses genetic engineering is highly mutagenic. This can cause  unpredictable changes in the DNA and the proteins produced by the GMO which lead to toxic or allergic reactions.

If plants and humans can absorb properties from the things that both species consume, stay away from GMO.

From where I come from, the elders used to say that “Wherever you go, pay close attention to the food because people are what they eat.” I apply the same principle on myself and also to my plants. I just feed them with the best stuff I can find and I make sure they have a healthy and powerful development.

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Carbs, amino acids, and vitamins are the answer, this is why

Like all living organisms, plants require energy in chemical form so they can grow and carry out basic life functions. Plants produce, store, and burn carbohydrates in the form of sugar to provide energy to themselves.

People and animals obtain their energy by consuming food rich in carbohydrates. However, plants synthetize their own carbs by harvesting light energy to break down water and CO2 in order to produce glucose which is a form of carbohydrates.

Plants store carbs and burn them for energy. This process, called cellular respiration, breaks down the carbohydrate molecules produced during photosynthesis, releasing energy to power the plant’s life processes.

If you pay attention to the picture above, you will see that something interesting happens in 2 Phases:

  1. In the presence of light, ATP reactions produces Oxygen as a result, and
  2. In the darkness, ATP reactions molecules respond in the formation of sugars.

Have you ever wondered why we reduce light hours during flowering stages? Well, there you go! This is one of the reasons. Plants tend to make sugars during the night, and use this storage energy to produce their Buds. The more energy is stored, the bigger and more powerful Buds will be produced.

Hydroponics plants have more energy, vigor, and harvest when you feed them with carbohydrates, vitamins, and amino acids through their roots. This is a Fact!

The use of Enzymes:

10 years ago, I started my first hydroponic system. I tried different kind of things to make my cannabis bigger and stronger. During this process, I noticed something interesting in the use of amino acids. Some products such as General Hydroponics, Advance Nutrients, and Canna, worked just fine in the root system, but I couldn’t obtain a significant change in my plants’ overall development. This is when a friend of mine introduced me to a group of growers that were working in an interesting project. This group, with the help of several specialists in the Agro-chemical field, developed a nutrient  by combining a multi-enzyme carbohydrase produced by special bio-reactions of organic, NON-GMO strains of Trichoderma Ressi , and I used it in my plants.

The use of this Multi-Enzyme, acted upon the roots in ways that I have never seen before. The formula accelerated the process of breaking down the dead root material formed around the roots as well as other cellulosic organic matter to later transform it into usable sugars, protein, and other essential minerals for the plant to re-uptake. I was shocked!!

When using enzymes, plants tend to respond incredibly well in both Vegetative and Flowering stages. It is like opening the doors of your plants’ roots cells so nutrients can travel faster and more efficiently towards the plant.

The product that I was talking about is called Complezym.

Because this product works at the root level, it is important to combine it with a powerful root enhancer such as, Root Xl. In simple words, Roots XL is nothing more than a transmutation of powerful algae found in deep oceans that possess amazing properties for all living beings. In plants works as follow:

  • Brutal root expansion
  • Improves rhizosphere
  • Producesresistance to stress
  • Maximizes health and vigor

Roots Xl is also combined with vitamins, amino acids, trace minerals, oligosaccharides, and polyuronic acids to promote an explosive root growth and super-extend plat’s metabolism.

When you have a product of this nature, it is important to mix it with specialized hydroponic nutrients such as, bases and flower enhancers.

Now, Depending on the stage of your plants, hydroponic nutrients and special additives will be crucial to obtain super loaded, sweet, big, fat, tasty, and really strong Buds. Of course, you can translate these results into any kind of produce such as fruits, flowers, and vegetables.


We all know that plants, driven by light energy and photosynthesis, produce sugar and starch.  The plant uses this for growth and development.  So the theory goes this way; if we supplement our nutrient solution with those very same sugars and starches, then the plant won’t have to make them all for itself and can therefore devote its energy to other things; such as making big flowers and fruits. Right? It sounds logic.

Carbohydrates vary in size; some of them are very small like glucose and fructose, and others are quite large and complex molecules like polysaccharides.  For these reasons, Do you think that plants could uptake simple and complex carbohydrates, all at the same time?.

The answer is, NOT REALY! For small molecules such as glucose and fructose, this is not a problem, but for more complex molecules such as polysaccharides, the journey is a little bit more complicated.

Your plants’ roots have a barrier called “Casparian Strip.” This barrier filters everything that goes into the endodermis, especially large molecules. It actively selects what is useful for plants and what is not.


Fortunately, Complete Hydroponics have CompleZyme. This enzyme opens up these barriers allowing nutrients to go easy into the xylem. This process helps your plant to redistribute important nutrients to the entire structure so your plants can grow better, and therefore produce magnificent fruits and flowers.

With the help of these nutrients, your plant will grow sweeter, tastier, and more aromatic flowers:

Once the portal is opened with the help of Roots XL and CompleZyme, additives can perform a better job in your plants’ overall development. This is why so many growers prefer Complete hydroponic nutrients over other brands. It takes time, and a lot of effort to develop something like this, but it pays off when you see everyone including me having spectacular results in a short period of time.


For many years, it is well known that B vitamin supplements, produces stronger plants with a higher yield compared to those plants that are not exposed to this complex. University of California, Riverside biochemistry professor, Daniel Gallie indicates that vitamin C appears to increase a plant’s smog tolerance, improve the process of photosynthesis and make the fruit more nutritious. His findings report that vitamin C supplementation acts as a protection against the ozone, the most damaging part of smog, decreasing brown spots, avoiding stunted growth and raising crop yields

Finally, Phys.org reports a study from the University of Toronto and Michigan State University that indicates vitamin E supplements, decrease a plant’s susceptibility to cold temperatures. The result could be the development of cold-resistant plant species, which would benefit gardeners in cooler climates by producing better crops and yield.

The use of vitamins (which is not mandatory in hydroponic growing) can improve your plant’s development. It helps to reinforce its immune system and produce a more resistant plant to diseases and harsh climates.

I recommend using Complete Hydroponic B+. This multi-vitamin complex was designed precisely for plant’s support:

I hope this information has been useful for you. Remember, it is very important to try products for yourself. There are a lot of empty promises out there with regard to hydroponic nutrients. In hydroponics, knowledge and experience are the only way you have to achieve success.
“Grow bigger, better, and stronger buds/plants.”

Happy gardening!

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The best Organic Mineral Supplements

Before we start talking about the best mineral supplement for plants, it is important to be aware of the issues that have pushed companies like Complete Hydroponics and Complete Gardening to develop nutrients that help growers to suceed in both Hydroponics and Conventional Gardening.

The first issue is called Mineral Depletion; this phenomenon is caused by a progressive loss of nutrients in the soil due to the continuous use of toxic chemicals such as pesticides, herbicides, and many others of the same nature.

The second issue is called GMO induction. Companies like Monsatos, and other powerful corporations, as a solution, have introduced genetically modified organisms that can grow fast and without the presence of essential minerals that are usually obtained from the soil. For example: GMO plants can grow in very harsh environment which is a very good thing, but its produce has a very low nutritional value for humans, which is a bad thing.

In 1992, at the Rio Earth Summit celebrated in the United Nations, it was conclude that for the past 100 years, the mineral levels in agricultural soil has dropped on average by 72% in Europe, 76% in Asia, and 85% in North America.

Mineral depletion in the soil is so bad that in 1997, just in the United States, you had to eat 23 apples to get the same amount of iron compared to an apple eaten during the 1950s. This indicates that we have a serious problem with our way to do things in the agricultural business.

If minerals go down, the overall health is compromised

It is not strange that for the last 100 years, especially during the last 30 years, diseases have been increasing dramatically while soil is depleted from minerals due to our industrial activity. The lower the amount of mineral obtained from our food supply, the worst for our overall health.

The best Organic Mineral Supplement you could ever find

The best source of nutrients that can reverse mineral depletion in soils are Humic and Fulvic acids. These substances are so powerful and so beneficial that not only support  the entire biological system of the soil, but also helps plants and any other living being that is in contact with them.

Humic Acids

Humic Acid is a naturally occurring substance that’s obtained as the result of humification, a process that has taken place over millions of years.

Complete Gardening Humic Acid:

Humification requires certain unique geological conditions of pressure and temperature as well as the right combination of organic substances, which, over time, compresses this organic matter into a new and uniquely beneficial substance called Humic Acid

Why is this so important?

Humic Acid is an extremely powerful substance that has preserved organic minerals and trace elements from ancient living organic fruits and vegetables as well as ancient seaweed. It’s a unique substance that cannot be chemically reproduced, and it works rapidly in the body (Plants and Humans) to replenish nutrient levels.

Humic acids are able to improve the overall health in humans, plants, and any other living organism. Therefore, the benefit acquired by the implementation of this substance is limitless.

Fulvic Acids:

Fulvic Acid is another  super complex that is extracted in special regions of the world which are rich in  organic minerals at about 200-250 feet underground.

Like humic acid, fulvic acid is formed during the seaweed humification  process that takes place over time. Fulvic Acid is the first set of molecules formed when the seaweed was entombed or buried as a result of volcanic activity millions of years ago covering the sea beds and ancient, mineral rich seaweed.

Complete Gardening Fulvic Acid:

As time goes on, the seaweed and other organic components come together with Fulvic acid to form Humic acid (with the right pressure and enough time). Fulvic acids are actually the precursors for making Humic acid. Fulvic acid is a much smaller molecule than Humic acid, and it works uniquely in the human body and plants.

Why it is this so important?

On a cellular level, Fulvic acid also does most of its work inside the cell, making the cell membranes more permeable and carrying nutrients into the cells.

One of the many benefits is that cells are getting a higher volume and a more usable form of nutrients. Fulvic acid binds together with water (depending on the Fulvic Acid’s purity and concentration) and helps support the body’s natural detoxification process.

The great value of Humic and Fulvic acids

The greatest value of humic and fulvic acids are their roles as chelators. Humic and Fulvic acids have functional groups that act as claws, holding mineral ions strongly enough to keep them from reacting with each other and becoming unavailable to the plant, but weakly enough so that they can be released to the plant cells on demand. Humic acid transports the minerals to the outside of the cell membranes, and releases the minerals for uptake by the plant. The fulvic acid fraction consists of small organic molecules that easily penetrate cell membranes. The more biologically active of the two fractions, fulvic acid transports minerals through the cell membranes and releases them directly to the plant cells.


Humic acids are even more effective when used in conjunction with seaweed extracts. Such interactions have a “synergistic effect”. According to a ten-year study on bio-stimulants conducted by Virginia Tech, humic acids and seaweed extracts, when used together in a 5:2 ratio, work 50% more effectively than either product used alone. The seaweed component, rich in plant growth hormones, signals the plant to grow. The humic acid component, with its chelating effect, amplifies the signal of the hormones.

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Vertical gardening, also referred as “hydroponic tower,” “hydroponic grow system,”  “Tower garden” or  hydroponic “vertical garden” are hydroponic systems that allow horticulturists to grow all kind of plants in a well-organized vertical structure.

In vertical tower gardens, less space is used, faster growth is achieved, and soil-related problems are non-existent. In addition, less water and nutrient solution are wasted due to their recycling capabilities, and indoor growing allows for year-round crops.

In other words, vertical grow towers are hydroponic systems that utilize motorized pumps, water, and hydroponic nutrient solution to grow herbs, fruits and any other type of plant. Each system has numerous “residential units,” which are essentially the holes on the sides of the system which house each plant. The towers stand upright, are compact, portable, easy to use, and are extremely efficient. For their square footage, it is quite amazing how much produce each tower can yield.


Vertical garden are very popular in homes, offices, and business. However, hydroponic towers are increasingly being utilized outdoors as well; in traditional gardening plots, terraces, urban farms and other agricultural upstarts.

What to do before you begin your Tower Gardening System:

It is important to know that no matter what kind of growing system you might have, growing plants will always require  light, water, and hydroponic nutrient solutions.

Let’s take a look!

Light – Plants need a lot of sunlight to thrive. We know that 10 to 12 hours of light can be enough for a plant to grow healthy on average. Of course you can have your tower close to a window, but it will be better off if you have a light source upon your system.

See some alternatives:

Temperature – Stable conditions in plants environment are required. The temperature recommended for this kind of hydroponic systems are 60-75 degree range depending of the plant. To keep track of the temperature, we suggest the following:


Nutrients – In Tower Gardening the use of nutrients are crucial. For this reason, nutrients such as Complete Hydroponics are required in every stage. The best option you can find is Agua A&B, CompleZym, and PK 13/14.

Take a look:

pH Adjusters – Adjuster are necessary to control levels of acidity in the solution. Plants use to have different pH tolerance this is why is so important to keep pH regulators with you at any time either to down or rise the pH levels.

pH Adjusters:

pH Calibration Solution:

Growing Mediums – While the nutrient solution provides the nourishment in hydroponic grow towers, grow mediums act as a support for the plant and its root system, while also providing aeration and drainage. Some vertical grow system include grow mediums with purchase of the kit, while others do not.

See some recommendations:

Air flow – Vertical gardens systems requires airflow in both its surroundings and the roots. So, keep in mind that air circulation is very important.

This is the basic knowledge to keep a vertical tower system running. There are several types of Tower Systems; some of them are already made and easy to assemble and use and some others can be built by using PBC pipes and Bucket systems a classic (DIY).

Find the best hydroponic store right here:

Reference: Completehydroponics.com

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For growers, the great number of fertilizers available and the different types of specialty additives can become overwhelming. However, there is one thing that is always constant for everyone no matter the experience, and that is  that fertilizers come in two forms: Solid (Granular fertilizer) and Liquid fertilizer (Hydroponic nutrients). Although these two forms are quite different, the basic purpose of both is the same: to provide nutrition to a garden or particular crop.

Solid and liquid fertilizers each have their own advantages and disadvantages. A closer look at those advantages and disadvantages will help growers decide which to use and when.

Solid Fertilizers

Solid fertilizers, also known as granular fertilizers, are the ones that come in a dried  form. The size and consistency of granular fertilizers vary depending on the brand and what the product is derived from. The physical consistency of these fertilizers varies from large grains like the size of an orange seed to a very fine, powdered form.

Solid fertilizers are generally designed to be amended into the soil and released to the plants over a certain period of time. This is done by mixing the soil with the fertilizer so plants can have access to it progressively.

Always be sure to check the manufacturer’s intended use and dosage instructions. There is a wide variety of dry fertilizers on the market, but we have the best you can find and we are proud of it.

Find granular fertilizer right here:

Specific fertilizers:

An individual ingredient solid fertilizer is an amendment that is derived from a single source such as, bat guano, worm castings, and seaweed.  Individual ingredients are labeled just like any other fertilizer with the N-P-K percentages listed on the packaging. Some growers like to purchase individual ingredients in order to create their own custom blends.

Here are some of the best sellers:


Complete Hydroponics has also manufactured fertilizers for a specific purpose by creating blends of fertilizers. For instance, to grow flowers, a grower may want to use “Bloom Blasters” or a mix of different soil amendments such as fulvic acid, humic acid, or Yuccah extracts. Blends are comprised of a mix of individual ingredients which are combined for a specific purpose.

There are a variety of specialty blends on the market suited for many different applications.

For example:

Advantages of Granular Fertilizers

Time release is the biggest advantage of granular fertilizer; this is because it gives nutrition to plants over a period of time. Despite the fact that amending the soil with fertilizers could be a very tedious activity, time release fertilization can save a lot of time in the long run.

Another advantage of dry fertilizers is an extended shelf life. If kept out of moisture and intense light, most dry fertilizers will last close to forever.

Disadvantages of Dry Fertilizers

One of the principal disadvantages of solid fertilizers are precisely the lack of control by the grower . For example, if the plants are experiencing nutrient toxicity, it is impossible to remove nutrients after they have been mixed into the soil.

Another disadvantage of some granular fertilizers is the amount of time it takes for the nutrients to become available to the plants

Lastly, solid fertilizers can be dusty and messy. It is always a good idea to wear a dust mask when dealing with solid fertilizers.

Liquid Fertilizers

Liquid fertilizers are fertilizers that come in a liquid form and they are very concentrated. In other words, the grower must dilute the liquid fertilizer in water before feeding it to the garden. Each fertilizer can have different concentrations so it is important to closely follow our suggestions.

“Liquid fertilizers can be classified as either base fertilizers or special purpose fertilizers.”

Base Fertilizers

Liquid fertilizers that are designed to supply the basic nutritional needs to a crop are referred to as base fertilizers. Base fertilizers are usually categorized as either vegetative (grow) fertilizers or blooming (flower) fertilizers. The vegetative fertilizers are comprised of ingredients that are best suited for vegetative growth while the blooming fertilizers are comprised of ingredients that are best suited for flowering or blooming.

For example:



Specialty Purpose

There are many liquid special purpose fertilizers or additives that can be used for specific puposes. These can be derived from a single source or multiple sources and they are not meant to supply the plants with their basic nutritional needs but instead provide some other benefit.

For example, an enzyme formula designed to enhance root growth could be considered a specialty purpose fertilizer.

For instance:

Advantages of Liquid Fertilizers / Hydroponic Nutrients

Control is the biggest advantage. With a liquid fertilizer the gardener has control over dosage and how often the plants are being fed. Liquid fertilizers also give increased control when problems arise.

The dilution rates and ratios between multiple Hydroponic Nutrients can be quickly changed to reflect the growth of the garden. In other words, it is much easier to tailor a feeding program to the garden’s current stage of growth with a liquid fertilizer than with a solid fertilizer.

Another advantage of Hydroponic Fertilizers is the instant availability of some nutrients. Many liquid fertilizers supply nutrients in a form that plants can  use inmediately. This is advantageous because it allows growers to give the plants what they need at the exact time they need it.

Disadvantages of Liquid Fertilizers / Hydroponic Nutrients

Some liquid fertilizers tend to coagulate after sitting on the shelf for an extended period of time. Liquid fertilizers are also generally more expensive than dry fertilizers due to the extra processing and packaging.


In conclusion, no matter what kind of fertilizer you chose, there are no rules to experimentation in this realm. It is completely fine to experiment with both dry and liquid fertilizers until you have found the best fit for your plants or crop. You may even find that a combination of both solid and liquid fertilizers is the best way to supply your garden with nutrition.

We know growers that have master the ability to use both fertilizers to achieve incredible results. When used correctly, granular fertilizers or liquid fertilizers (or a combination) can produce better and healthier plants. As with so many other aspects of the gardening hobby, the only way to know for sure which fertilization regiment is best for your garden is to experiment and try it out for yourself.

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Foliar feeding can be incredibly beneficial for your plants. Plants like tomatoes and Cannabis require regular spraying or misting. Plants can and will absorb nutrients from their leaves with a nutrient solution mixture.
Foliar feeding provides a rapid boost to your plants; producing larger, better, and stronger harvests. Keep in mind that foliar spraying can’t replace a standard root feeding regimen. Root feeding is essential for growing and flowering but with the help of foliar feeding, you would be able to provide a quick path for nutrients to be easily absorbed by your plants.
The Meaning of Foliar Feeding
Foliar feeding essentially means that you spray fertilizer straight onto the leaves. It provides nutrients via foliage rather than roots. Under foliar regime, nutrients are absorbed via plant’s stomata (microscopic openings situated in the middle of two guard cells.) Regular spraying also provides clean and open stomata for your plant. Alterations in water content around the guard and other secondary cells force the stomata to open and shut as a basic response to water status changes.

Tomatoes and Cannabis plants continue with the process of photosynthesis by mixing together a number of different ingredients in their leaves. By simply looking at the plant’s leaves, you can have an insight into how they can create food.

Visual appreciation of a plant’s Stoma:

5 times more effective
Foliar feeding comes with several advantages. Fertilizers that are applied via foliar feeding are usually 3 to 5 times more effective than standard root fertilizers. Foliar feeding can also mitigate any stress that plants feel because of their nutrition. Nutrients from foliar sprays also make elements like iron more accessible to your plants when they would not otherwise be available in the soil, water, or hydroponic solution.

These are the nutrients that can give your plants what it needs to achieve incredible results:

B+. The most complete multi-vitamin complex rich in vitamins B12 and amino acids
Root XL. A powerful root stimulator enhanced with hormones, Polyuronic acids, and oligosaccharides
Boost. A potent flower enhancer which is only recommended during the first two weeks of flowering in a mist-mode spray.

Corrects nutrients deficiencies almost immediately
Clearly, foliar spraying is great for correcting nutrient deficiencies because of how fast absorption occurs through the leaves. The results will be almost immediate. The ideal time for foliar spraying is the early morning if you’re growing outside and whenever the light turns on if you’re growing inside. The stomata are open when the light is on them. It should be noted, however, that a temperature of 80 degrees or more will make the spray less effective because many of the stomata will be closed.

Benefits in clones and young plants
Clones, young plants, seedlings, and every tomato or marijuana plant in vegetative stage will experience extreme benefits with foliar feeding. This is because clones aren’t rooted, they require foliar feeding as a means to develop roots and avoid yellow discoloration (a frequent problem for cloners).

When a Cannabis plant or a tomato plant enters flowering stage, it is advised that you stop foliar feeding. In case of Marijuana, the plant will naturally secrete a resin for insulation when the environment is hot and dry. This keeps the plant cool. If you use foliar feeding during flowering, then it’s important to decrease the temperature of the plants to avoid mixing fertilizer with the resin.
Foliar feeding is only recommended from vegetative state until about one week into flowering. You also don’t want your plants to have any residual nutrients on the surface when you harvest. It will result in a heavy, nutrient-infested smoke.

What kind of nutrients should I use for foliar feeding?
Any fertilizer that is created for soil or hydroponic systems is perfect for foliar sprays. I would recommend Complete Hydroponics and Complete Gardening which are a perfect combination for veg and flowering stages.  Foliar feeding is ideal with mist-style sprayers because small particles will result in a better response from your plants. You will also have to use less fertilizer to achieve the exact same result.

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Believe it or not, both hydroponic and organic nutrients are absorbed by plants as a form of ionic salt. One is available for immediate uptake and the other needs bio-active intervention.

In Hydroponics, nutrients are just formulas that contain different concentrations of elements which are critical for plants’ development. Once these elements are in contact with water, the ions present in the formula are released for plant’s abortion.

Now, the quality of the product will always depend on the source-material used in their formula (organic or synthetic); the methods used to mix them, the precision in their ratios, solubility, level of toxicity, and the level of salt concentration contained in the solution; just to name a few.

You must know that all Plant Nutrients are available as Ionic Salts

I am not talking about table salt. Hydroponic Salts are any chemical compounds that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base, and when this is dissolved in water, it breaks up completely into ions. Once the ions are free in the solution, the plant root system does the work and takes them up for growth and reproduction.

For example: Potassium chloride (KCl) is common in fertilizer and is made up of a potassium ion (K) and a chlorine ion (Cl). When salts are dissolved in water, the ions in the salt separate and are no longer joined together. They are now properly called ions, not salt. This may seem like something silly, but it is an important distinction for properly understanding the effect of salts on soil and plants.

Let’s see en example of table salt breaking up into ions:

Plants DON’T get the Nitrogen directly from fertilizers

That’s right! When we talk about plants and the famous N-P-K; we are not telling you what is really happening.  The truth is that plants get the nitrogen through absorbing nitrate ions (NO3) which contain nitrogen and oxygen. Once inside the plant, they separate the nitrogen from the oxygen and use it. The same goes for sulfur which is absorbed as a sulfate ion (SO4) and phosphorus which is absorbed as a phosphate ion (PO4). Other nutrients like potassium, iron, magnesium are absorbed as simple ions that don’t include the oxygen.

This is an example of what happens in normal conditions:

“Keep in mind that the nutrients that plants use for development are exactly the same as the ions resulting from fertilizer salts. “

The best and most balanced concentration index either for Veg or Flower.

Salts could be dangerous if their concentrations rates are above average.  For example, manure which is an organic compost has to be used with caution because it is well known that it possesses high concentration of ionic salts. Therefore, it doesn’t matter if the nutrient is coming form an organic source or not, if you don’t understand the mechanism that plants use to feed themselves, you can harm them without notice.

So, what kind of materials must be used to make a  fertilizer pure, effective, harmless, powerful, easy for fast absorption, and compatible with all kind of plants?

American companies like Complete Hydroponics LLC, are recognized to be one of the best and most balanced nutrients in the hydroponic industry along with its organic fertilizer Complete Gardening.We cannot tell you how they make their products, but we can tell you that when we were visiting their facilities in Florida to get some advice for our Hydroponic Projects (which they also offer without any charge) we could see that the most important part in the creation of their nutrients is the raw material used in the formulas and their sources. The material used for Complete Hydroponics nutrients comes from the finest mineral deposits in the world and every time you are using this brand you are feeding your plants with outstanding nutrients made with natural premium ingredients; that’s a fact!

These are the best hydroponic nutrients for dwc, coco, and soil:

What about Organic Nutrients? 

Organic materials are composed of cells that contain big molecules. For example, DNA contains phosphorus; proteins contain sulfur and nitrogen; plant’s chlorophyll has magnesium and nitrogen. All Organic materials contain loose ions floating around the cells, waiting the right time to be used to produce larger molecules.

Now that we have a little bit of understanding about ions and the role they play in our lives, we must conclude that loose ions in water, soil, and organic matter are exactly the same as the ions derived from fertilizers; it doesn’t matter where they come from, an ion is an ion and plants just need a very specific number of them to thrive.

People in Complete Hydroponics always joke around about the use of plants to feed plants just like we use meat to feed humans?  It sounds crazy, but it is not.

Let say that we want to find the most powerful organism in the world, and break down its organic components to obtain the molecules that we need to feed either ourselves or our plants. Do you have any idea what would it be? Well, the answer to this question is ALGAE.

These nutrients contains algae extracts ready for your plants:

Algae is a very powerful organism. It is so strong that it has been around for millions of years without any problem. Algae are the secret ingredient in all soluble organic fertilizers in the world and we have the best source in the planet.

Grow Additives:

Algae alone can give you so much that your plant won’t need anything else extra to grow powerful flower, fruits, or vegetables. Complete Hydroponics has three categories in their Hydroponic line to provide a successful harvest without expending crazy amounts of money.

You have Bases for the vegetative stage, grow additives for roots and development, and Bloom enhancers to boost flower production. You DON’T NEED ANYTHING ELSE.

Flower Enhancers:

As we always say, you are free to choose whatever you consider is the best for your plants for a fair price, but don’t spend your money in products that are just the same with different labels. Try the nutrients your plants really need, and see for yourself the results those nutrients bring to you. Only results are the proof of your success. Only results can reveal if a product is good or not for your plants..

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Before learning about calibration solutions, it is important to learn about the pH pen you are trying to calibrate and how to take care of a pH probe properly.

Now, we learn that when you press “calibrate” on a ph pen, as part of its software, it will reset to 7.0 no matter what the actual pH of a solution is. This is why you calibrate it using the 7.0 calibration solution so that when it resets to 7.0 it is actually in a 7.0 solution. This starts us off on an even field and allows us to correctly move forward. 

But, since we now know that we are forcing our pen to say 7.0, how do you know if the probe is reading accurately 7.0 or if it’s only reading 7.0 because you reset the pen? That’s when the 4.0 calibration solution and the 10.0 calibration solution come into play.

You need to check both sides of the spectrums on the scale, the acid side and the alkaline side.

When you dip the newly 7.0 calibrated pH pen into the 4.0 solution it should read 4.0 or very close to it. Respectively, when you place the probe in the 10.0 solution it should read 10.0 or very close to it.

However, if you calibrate the pen at 7.0 and then you place it into the 4.0 calibration solution and it reads something completely different like 5.6 or you place it into the 10.0 calibration solution and it gives you a number nowhere close to 10.0 either then something is wrong with the pen.

Sometimes one side of the pH scale might be off but the other side is being read accurately.

Let’s say you expose the probe to sunlight and now it reacts stronger to the acid, so now when you calibrate it and then place it in the 4.0 calibration solution the reading might be way off but when you place it into the 10.0 calibration solution it reads it just fine. so now you know that the pen is not reading the acid side of the pH scale correctly. Which, can lead to problems if you are trying to measure something that has a low pH. And vice versa.

If your pen reads the 4.0 calibration solution correctly then it will most likely read the acid side of the scale (between 1and 6.9) correctly. And if it reads the 10.0 calibration solution correctly then it will likely read the alkaline side of the scale correctly (7.1 to 14). Once your pen starts reading these solutions incorrectly, however, then there will start to be a misreading on whatever side is giving you issues.

What do you do if your pH pen is giving you incorrect readings?

At this point, once you’ve determined that your pH pen is having problems reading either, or both, sides of the pH scale, the only solutions are to buy a new pen or, if you have a pen with an interchangeable probe, replace the probe.

Most people don’t feel like they need to purchase all 3 calibration solutions and just get the 7.0 to reset their pH pen, but, as you’ve learned here, that doesn’t work. Once you understand why you need all three then it becomes clear.

For the most part, all pH pens last about 6 months, and even though companies say they come calibrated, between travel and storage they become uncalibrated, so these calibration solutions are vital to making sure you know what the pH of your solutions are. 

Remember, having the correct pH is imperative to the well being of any plant you cultivate.

Is there a way of going around buying all the calibration solutions if you really don’t want to buy them?

The only quick fix answer for not wanting to buy all the solutions but still checking to see if your pH pen is working correctly is buying pH strips or a pH test indicator. These are very inexpensive and can be used as a reference for your pen.

Before adding any nutrients to your water use the strip/indicator to check the pH of the water, this will give you a rough estimate of the pH, then use your pen to measure the same water, if it correlates with the strip/indicator then your pen is likely working correctly.

PH strips and test indicators, however, do not work after nutrients are added to the water because most nutrients are dyed and do not allow the strips/indicators to function properly making them obsolete. 

If your pen does not agree with the strip/indicator when measuring the pH of the water then you will have to end up buying the calibration solutions in order to calibrate or determine what the issue is. 

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