I showed you how to make a DIY Water Filter by using a bottle and gravity to filter your water.
Unfortunately, the gravity filter isn't very portable if you're on tough terrain.
So now you need to find a way to filter your water, and that method needs to be portable as well. I'm also assuming that you don't have our Water Filter Straw or Bag and that's just fine, here's how to make an effective Portable Water Filter for Survival.
some type of cloth
Cutting tool or knife
First cut off the lid
You want to cut the lid off in one smooth motion. Try not to make a sharp and jagged cut.
Add Cloth To Bottle
Your first filter layer is going to be a piece of cloth.
An old shirt or bandanna can be used as well, this will separate the larger particles.
Then add charcoal
If you have not broken up your charcoal you can do it by wrapping it in cloth and breaking it up with something heavy.
Adding layers of filtration
Now you need to add your purifying elements starting with the finest and smallest before adding the larger particles.
In this order:
Coarse sand. (Paver sand)
Small pebbles and rocks.
Secondary Cloth Filter
Once you've finished adding layers, cut a small piece of cloth that will cover the top of your filter. This is technically the bottom of the bottle.
This process may take awhile, and a larger bottle will make this go faster.
However, a larger bottle doesn't have the same portability.
Make YOUR Survival Water Filter - Step-By-Step - Portable Emergency Water Filter DIY - YouTube
In a survival situation, the rule of 3 applies to time.
Minutes, hours, and days.
When putting together your survival kit or bug out bag, keep this rule in mind.
The Survival Rule of 3: You can live
3 Minutes without Air
Your body will shut down after 3 minutes without oxygen.
Also at the 3 minute mark is being submerged in ice cold water and severe bleeding.
When you're putting together your bug out bag, here are some ideas that can help.
Benadryl - A bee sting or a spider bite can clog up your airway. An antihistamine can reduce swelling in your airway so you can continue breathing.
Scarves and Masks - In the event that there is a lot of pollution or particles in the air, a respiratory mask will come in handy
First Aid Kit - A first aid kit will have compression bandages which can be used within 3 minutes to stop severe bleeding.
Self Heimlich Maneuver - If you can't breath because you're choking, you need to be able to Heimlich yourself. There is a step by step here.
3 Hours in Harsh Conditions
If you are hot and running low on water (picture Arizona in August) you might not even make it to 3 hours. The sun can suck the water right out of you.
Similarly, a few hours in sub-freezing temps could leave you with hypothermia at best, and a dirt nap at worst. You should know how to warm and cool your body if needed.
Mylar Blanket - Emergency Mylar blankets can be found in most first aid kits. These can keep your body heat in, but also reflect the heat.
Fire Starter - Starting a fire is another way to keep your body temp up. A lighter, matches, and firesteel should be with you.
3 Day Without Water
After 3 days without water, your body will start to break down. Even before that, you will become very weak.
Filter Straws - Water Filter Straws can filter bacteria from your fresh water source. Additionally, if you've packed a mess kit, you can boil water to remove contaminants.
3 Weeks Without Food
Three weeks is really a stretch, but your body can do it. One of the best things you can put in your pack are calorie bars and MREs.
Calorie Bars - Get over 1000 calories from a single bar.
MREs - Just add water to these premade meals. They have a long shelf life and can sustain your body.
Knife - Some type of cutting tool like an EDC knife is ideal to have. A blade can help you with self defense, or to make self defense weapons (spears, bows).
Tactical Light - A bright light is also good to have, but unless it's a kinetically charged light like the flashlight in our Roadside Kit, you will need to find a way to charge your batteries, like a solar charger or powerbank.
It doesn't matter how many times you tell a stupid tourist, they always try to press their luck in places like Yellowstone. These people are laughing but have no idea how close they just came to losing a child.
There is no such thing as a "tame" buffalo.
One flick of the head will break your jaw.
On step of a hoof will crush your skull.
Do not approach a bison, ever.
Tips to avoid angering a Bison
1.) If you encounter bison along the roadway, drive slowly and they will eventually move. Do not honk, become impatient or proceed too quickly. Bison attacks on vehicles are rare, but can happen. Bison may spook if you get out of your vehicle. Therefore, remain inside or stay very close.
2.) If you are on foot or horseback: Never startle bison. Always let them know you are there. Never try to chase or scare bison away. It is best to just cautiously walk away. Always try to stay a minimum of 100 meters (approximately the size of a football field) from the bison.
3.) Please take extra caution as bison may be more aggressive: During the rutting season (mid July-mid August) as bulls can become more aggressive during this time. After bison cows have calved. Moms may be a little over-protective during this time. When cycling near bison, as cyclists often startle unknowing herds. When hiking with pets. Dogs may provoke a bison attack and should be kept on a leash. On hot spring days when bison have heavy winter coats.
4.) Use extreme caution if they display any of the following signs: Shaking the head. Pawing. Short charges or running toward you. Loud snorting. Raising the tail.
What if the Buffalo charges you?
In Yellowstone National Park, bison have injured twice as many visitors as have grizzly bears. The danger in a bison/human encounter is being butted, gored, and stomped by something that resembled a fur-covered locomotive.
There is a reason why there is a rule that visitors should stay at least 100 yards from bison. Generally, after a bison charged and knocks down a human, the animal will wander off and resume grazing, but not always. On a couple of recorded occasions, the bison stood over the victim.
One person was head-butted back to the ground when she tried to get up, and another was gored several times while still on the ground.
If a bison charges:
Run for cover, if it’s close — bison might look slow, but they’re not.
Take cover behind something large, and keep moving as the bison tries to get at you.
Climb a tree. A bison can’t come up after you. This animal isn’t interested in eating you, it’s just annoyed by your proximity.
Keep your distance.
This video will show you exactly what NOT to do.
Bison Fury, Wild Bison Attacks Group of Kids Yellowstone National Park - YouTube
Living in Moose country means you're going to have moose encounters from time to time. And while these massive creatures usually keep to themselves, they can get really moody.
These kids didn't make any sudden movements or provoke the moose, and eventually she got bored.
You can tell that this moose is not agitated by the way her ears are pointing up and not back.
How do you know if a moose will attack you?
How do you know when it’s time to back off from a moose?
It’s important to understand that moose can get aggressive at any time of year, but there are certain seasons when they’re more likely to be aggressive. For instance, the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife suggests that moose typically become aggressive during the following seasons:
In late spring, early summer when a cow (a mother) feels her very young calf is in danger
In the fall when a breeding bull (a male) is competitive and agitated
In the winter when they are hungry and tired from walking in deep snow
You can also tell if a moose will become aggressive by its body language. Here are 7 signs to look for:
1. The moose stops eating and stares at you.
2. Lays back its ears and raises the hair on its hump, neck, or hips.
3. Smacks or licks its lips, and clicks its teeth.
In the winter months, I'm thankful we liver in an area where the lakes don't free over. So if I needed to do some survival fishing, it wouldn't be that bad. Be Prepared has a breakdown of what you'll need.
Compared to hundreds of years ago, ice fishing in the 21st century is more of a competitive sport, pastime, or hobby than a means of survival. Today, anglers come to the ice riding ATVs equipped with electric augers (a tool to drill holes in the ice) and sonar systems to identify approaching fish.
So is ice fishing a practical survival skill to learn if you don’t have all the gadgets? Is it even worth it?
According to Survivalist magazine, winter survival diets thrive on protein and meat to give you the energy and strength to survive in the cold. If you don’t feel confident hunting, and if edible plants are hard to come by, fish may become a crucial source of protein.
But how do you ice fish? What do you need? What should you know?
FIRST: GATHER YOUR SUPPLIES
Let’s say you have to evacuate your home in winter and all you have is your emergency kit. These items in your kit could help you ice fish:
An Axe—to cut a hole in the ice
A Shovel—to skim slush and ice chunks out of the hole (some recommend even using a rice skimmer or ladle to do this)
Emergency Rope—to create a set-line or to tie around yourself and have others hold the end while you check the thickness of the ice (safety precaution)
SOL Origin Survival Pack—includes a mini fishing kit
Tape measure—to measure thickness of ice
Bait—you can find worms and other bugs in hollow logs. You can also use small pieces of meat, if you can spare it, or smaller fish. You could even make a jig (a decorated weight that looks like a fish that you move around in the water)
Fishing Hooks—Sense of Survival suggests to use different sized hooks that you can make from sticks, bones, and other naturally growing fibers.
Powerbait—a neon colored play-doh-like bait.
The list above gives you some last minute options to use if you decide you need to ice fish for survival and don’t have the tools. But if you’re planning on ice fishing as a method of survival and want to have your emergency kit packed, consider purchasing more specialized equipment. The following supplies will help you to ice fish using basic supplies that you can carry with you in an emergency.
Auger—there are both hand powered and electric augers to drill holes in the ice
Ice Chisel/Pick—used to clear out slush from hole
- Tip-UP Pole- can be made with wood or plastic. It has a long stick with a reel and trigger device. A flag is placed at the top of the stick using a spring. When a fish bites, the flag will bounce up and down (kind of like a bobber).
- Jigging Rod— a two foot pole that looks like your smaller, traditional fishing pole. You bounce the jigging rod up and down every few seconds to get the fish attention. Can be used with a jig.
Bucket or Chair—so you can sit comfortably on the ice
SECOND: TEST THE ICE
Four inches is a safe ice thickness for ice fishing (five inches is safe for an ATV or snowmobile, 8-12 inches is safe for a car or small truck)
Survey the ice before stepping out on to it. Are there cracks or breaks? Flowing water near the edges of the ice? Has water thawed and refrozen? Is there white ice? These are signs the ice is weak.
Test the ice thickness by using your ice chisel, axe, or other sharp object to break the ice and make a small hole. Then measure the ice thickness with a tape measure.
Just because your ice is four inches in one spot on the lake, doesn’t mean that the whole ice surface is four inches or safe to go out on. Ice may be two inches thick and unsafe only 150 feet away from you.
CAUTION: Be careful on the ice. Slipping and breaking a bone during a survival situation is far from ideal. And be careful of exposure—the reflection of the sun on ice or snow could cause sunburns, and [hypothermia] is always a risk in winter weather. Make sure to dress in layers that you can take off if you get too hot.
THIRD: MAKE A HOLE
When making your hole, make sure it is 6 to 8 inches in diameter (this is where your tape measurer comes in) and no more than 12 inches across. If the hole is larger than this, you may put yourself or someone else at risk of falling in.
Use your axe or ice chisel to chip away at the ice to make a hole. Make sure you make sure you have a strap or something to tie the axe handle or ice chisel to your wrist so you don’t lose it in the water when cutting the hole.
The accident involved over 50 vehicles, and one person was killed, according to Iowa State Patrol Sgt. Nathan Ludwig. Ludwig said about a half dozen people were critically injured in the accident as well.
I'm going to let you in on a little secret. You can make a lot of the survival gear that we sell with stuff that's laying around the house.
For example, you can get our first aid kit here, or you could rummage through your medicine cabinet or head down to the dollar store and make something very similar.
Recently Wide Open Spaces came up with 9 Household Items You Can Use As Survival Tools.
Heavy-duty trash bags can be used as a poncho, as a waterproof layer for any gear you have, to insulate you at night, an aid in building a shelter, and can be used for emergency water storage.
A roll of trash bags can fit in almost any size bag. You can even stuff a few in your pocket and they are so lightweight, you won’t even realize you’re carrying them.
A pair of pantyhose is a great inexpensive and packable survival item you may not have thought of. They can be used as a bug netting, to strain water, as a fish net, or a container for food. If you have to cross a shallow, ambiguous body of water, wearing pantyhose will protect you from leeches.
Pantyhose are very cheap and extremely easy to pack. You can stuff them in any size bag or even in pockets and so light, they feel like nothing.
Hand sanitizer is good to have in a survival situation because of what it is actually used for. Use it before you eat to clean your hands and help protect you from viral infections. Hand sanitizer is also very flammable and can be used, with a little bit of cotton, to start a fire.
Although hand sanitizer may not be the lightest of survival items to carry, you can buy it in a range of sizes and a small bottle will last for weeks if used only when needed.
Tin foil is an inexpensive and packable survival item, it is very versatile. You can use it as a lure to catch fish, wrap it around a “Y” shaped branch and cook food on it, a wind blocker, to collect water, and wrap it around things such as valuable matches to keep them dry. You can also create a signal by using tin foil and the reflection of the sun.
There is a lot of material in one roll of foil and it is easy to pack because it is compact and rolled up.