Aging-related research, news and information from the University of Pennsylvania’s Institute on Aging (IOA). IOA was established in early 1979 to improve the health of older adults through clinical and basic science research in aging as well as educational programs that focus on normal aging and age related disease at the Perelman School of Medicine and across the entire Penn campus.
As we get older, our heart and some of its basic characteristics naturally start to change. Most subtle changes are considered “normal,” while others may be a cause for concern. With this in mind, it is very important to know how you can maintain or improve your heart health as you age. On Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the Ralston Center and the University of Pennsylvania ‘s Keystone Center for Geriatric Care and Education hosted an educational program on this topic to help inform older adults in the Philadelphia area on the steps that they can take to better their cardiovascular health and overall well-being.
Keynote speaker, Elisabeth Collins, MD, a Geriatric Fellow in the University of Pennsylvania’s Department of Geriatrics kicked off her lecture by addressing some of the “normal” and not-so-normal heart changes that individuals experience as they get older. Dr. Collins explained that each of us has a “natural pacemaker” in our hearts that controls how fast or slow our heart can beat. As we age, that “natural pacemaker” becomes slower resulting in an overall lower heart rate, even when stimulated through vigorous activity such as exercise. She also said that our blood vessels and heart valves naturally become a bit stiffer over time, which could cause a slight increase in blood pressure or a slight heart murmur. While these are considered “normal” changes, they keyword is “slight.” If the spike in blood pressure or a new heart murmur is more significant, that may be a sign of a more serious issue.
Another change that is “normal” but could also raise concern is the enlargement of the heart. The heart tends to get a bit bigger the longer it is in use – or the older we age – however, too much enlargement can lead to some dangerous situations including heart failure. All of these changes are things that your doctor can easily detect and monitor through proper routine care and check ups, so it is very important to see your doctor regularly.
Some of the “not-so-normal” changes include conditions such as coronary heart disease, heart failure, and heart attacks. Coronary heart disease is caused by an increase of cholesterol and buildup in the heart. It becomes a concern when it builds up too much, ultimately depriving your heart of the oxygen that you need to keep it functioning properly. If your heart is not getting enough oxygen, it can result in a heart attack – which can range from mild to fatal. Heart failure – as you can probably guess – is a huge cause for concern. Some of the major warning signs to look out for are chest pain as you walk, exercise or move around, swollen feet, and shortness of breath, especially when laying down.
As important as it is to understand these changes and how to recognize whether or not something you are experiencing is normal, it is equally as important to know how to modify your risk factors for these diseases. Dr. Collins recommends you try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise a day, at least 4 days a week. It does not have to be in a gym. She suggests walking around a track or park with some friends, joining an exercise group class, or trying at-home instructional videos online or on your TV. She also suggests modifying your diet to include low-calorie, nutrient rich foods that are low in bad fats and sugars.
Many studies suggest that following a Mediterranean diet can be very beneficial for heart health. A Mediterranean diet is one that consists of healthy fats like olive oil instead of butter, and lean meats and poultry such as chicken, turkey, or fish instead of red meats. Such diets can help you reach or maintain a healthy weight and ultimately better heart health. Another big factor is smoking. Studies show that once you quit smoking, you will reap the benefits almost immediately. Within a couple of months — sometimes only weeks — your risk of heart disease drastically drops once you quit.
Dr. Collins concluded her talk with some updates on the new “blood pressure goal” that has been a topic of recent aging and heart health research. Studies show that in general, people live longer with lower blood pressure. With that in mind, Dr. Collins believes that many older individuals will soon be hearing suggestions from their primary care physicians to try to slightly lower their blood pressure, within reason; there is a caveat. Doctors want to lower their patients’ blood pressure if it will benefit them, but they don’t want to cause any potential harm. For example, when we stand up, our blood pressure naturally lowers. If it gets too low, you are at risk of booming light-headed and dizzy and potentially falling and getting injured. Also, there are certain medications that some individuals may be on that could have adverse reactions to trying to lower their blood pressure. In such cases, your doctor would likely advise against it.
You can learn more healthy aging tips at the Ralston Center’s next educational program, “Aging Well Through Good Nutrition and Movement,” on Tuesday, April 17, 2018. For more information and to register for the event, call 215-386-2984 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
There are often many misconceptions and myths around the idea of aging. As a result, it is sometimes easy to misconstrue whether certain physical, mental, and/or behavioral changes are “normal” or a cause for concern.
University of Pennsylvania’s Division of Human Resources, along with Penn Behavioral Health Corporate Services, recently hosted a webinar on “What to Look Out for as Loved Ones Age,” presented by Mary Ellen Rogers, a social worker and representative of E4 Health. The objective was to help individuals evaluate the capabilities of their aging loved ones and to recognize early warning signs that may point to cognitive and/or physical decline or limitations as well as potential environmental hazards.
Caregiving for elders is unique in that, unlike raising a child who is gradually moving more and more toward independence as they age, seniors often move in the opposite direction toward less independence. This is often very difficult for older adults to accept, especially if the caregiver is their child. The relationship and family paradigm shift as they are no longer caring for their child – their child is caring for them. In taking on that role as your parent or other loved one’s caregiver you become the decision maker and often a source of financial support.
It is important to remember that while taking on this new role as a caregiver is certainly a challenge, it can also take a very hard, emotional toll on the care recipient, so you must be very gentle and kind as you take on your new responsibilities, and ultimately, control. Many times older adults try to ignore these changes in their physical, mental, or emotional well being and try to hide it because of their fear of losing their independence and sense of self, which requires you to be very observant in your evaluations of your loved ones.
Mary Ellen Rogers suggests making “surprise” visits to your loved ones. In doing so, you are more likely to get a true sense of their current physical, mental, and/or emotional state and living conditions because they are unable to “prepare” and try to hide any indication that something may be off. Some of the main “categories of risk” as we age are 1.) memory loss and cognitive impairment, 2.) physical and environmental risks, and 3.) emotional health, said Rogers.
Below are some of the early warning signs that you should look out for when evaluating your loved ones for any of the aforementioned risks:
Memory and Cognitive Impairment
Physical Impairment and Environmental Risks
Recent accidents or new injuries
Slower recovery time from illnesses and/or procedures
Chronic health conditions deteriorating
Evidence that activities of daily living are difficult (personal hygiene, eating/drinking, getting around the house, etc.)
Red flags in the home:
A lot of clutter or hoarding
Piles of unwashed dishes or laundry
Bagged/Hidden valuables (paranoia and fear of theft)
Piled up unpaid bills
Signs of recent fires in the kitchen (check pot holders as they are usually a good clue!)
Full prescription bottles hinting that medications haven’t been taken
TIP: Get up close and give a hug! This can help detect:
Weight loss or weight gain
Body odor (indicating poor hygiene or other medical condition)
Stains in clothing
Changes in appearance (unkempt hair, etc.)
Notice nicks or dents in the car
Notice any tailgating, drifting, and driving below speed limit
Signs indicating whether or not the car is being maintained
Gas tank, oil changes, etc.
Adjusting the Environment:
Evaluate potential need for safety rails and grab bars in the bathroom and other frequented areas
Make sure all smoke detectors, CO2 monitors, etc. are in working order
Consider a “life call” or “life alert” button for automatic emergency services
“Safety check” rugs and pathways for potential fall risks
Hopelessness or helplessness
Lack of Motivation and energy
Signs of Insomnia (Ask: “How did you sleep?”)
Loss of interest in socializing or hobbies
Neglect of personal care
Grief: loss of loved ones and friends, as well as their own capabilities
Isolation and loneliness
Medications (blood pressure medications, sleeping pills, many Parkinson’s disease treatments, etc. can have the side effect of depression)
Some of these changes may be very gradual while others can come on very quickly so it is best to try to check in and evaluate your loved ones on a regular basis. Understandably, you will need to carry on with your own life and responsibilities too, and maybe you don’t live within a close proximity of your loved ones, so frequent check-ins are not always possible.
With this in mind, Mary Ellen Rogers shared some strategies for long distance caregiving:
Visit as often as you can, including “surprise” visits
Try out Skype or FaceTime visits
Find a friend or neighbor to keep you appraised on a regular basis
Consider hiring a geriatric care manager
Encourage your elder to consider adult day care or a senior center
However, one of the most important tips for caregivers is to always remember to take care of you. Maintaining your own social life and hobbies and taking respite is vital for successful and effective caregiving. After all, you cannot take care of a loved one if you neglect to take care of yourself.
If you had to decide the “right” time to die, which age would you choose? For Ezekiel J. Emanuel, MD, PhD, Chair of the Department of Medical Ethics and Healthy Policy at the University of Pennsylvania, that age is 75.
Dr. Emanuel brought this question to light in 2014 after publishing an article in The Atlantic titled ‘Why I Hope to Die at 75′; “an argument that society and families — and you — will be better off if nature takes it course swiftly and promptly.” As you might expect from such a provocative title, it received quite a bit of attention — and quite a few rebuttals from outlets such as The Guardian, Huffington Post, and the LA Times. Many people thought that as Dr. Emanuel got older, he would surely change his mind and maybe push this ideal age back some. However, almost four years later, he still feels just the same.
Dr. Emanuel recently visited Penn’s Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research (CNDR) to give a lecture on this topic and to explain why he feels that 75 is “a pretty good age to aim to stop.” With an audience full of researchers whose work focuses heavily, if not entirely, on finding preventions, cures, and treatments for a variety of aging-related diseases with the goal of helping adults live healthier, and ultimately longer, lives, Dr. Emanuel certainly had a tough crowd to convince. However, he confidently defended his position, clarifying that he does not intent to intentionally end his own life at 75, but rather stop any and all medical screenings, treatments, or interventions that could prolong it.
So, why 75?
“By the time I reach 75, I will have lived a complete life,” explained Dr. Emanuel in his 2014 publication. “I will have loved and been loved. My children will be grown and in the midst of their own rich lives. I will have seen my grandchildren born and beginning their lives. I will have pursued my life’s projects and made whatever contributions, important or not, I am going to make. And hopefully, I will not have too many mental and physical limitations.”
While research shows that Americans are now living longer than ever, with an average life expectancy around 79 years, Dr. Emanuel argues that after 75, the quality of life drastically begins to decline. “Over recent decades, increases in longevity seem to have been accompanied by increases in disability — not decreases,” said Dr. Emanuel. And while his article received backlash and rebuttals, he is not alone in questioning the recent spike in interest, if not obsession, with longevity. Penn Medicine News also covered this topic in a blog early last year; “Is Living Longer, Living Better?”
For the sake of argument, let’s just say he would be able to avoid all aging-related diseases that would drastically affect his physical and/or mental health — would Dr. Emanuel then change his mind and want to live past 75? The answer is likely no. His reasoning is about more than just his health. He also factors in “the loss of creativity” and ability to live a “meaningful” life as you get older, regardless of how happy you may be.
Studies show that happiness follows a u-shaped curve. Americans tend to be happiest in the early years of their adult lives, around ages 18-21, followed by a fairly consistent period of lesser happiness in the middle ages, before rising again to higher levels of happiness in the late 70’s – early 80’s. But Dr. Emanuel believes that “we should not care about happiness,” stating that “what counts is meaningfulness.” He claims “a life dominated by play, even if happy, is not meaningful.”
So, what makes life meaningful? According to Dr. Emanuel, it is the three-pronged ability to maintain relationships, play, and work – being able to make contributions to life rather than simply being a consumer in it.
“It is hard to name anyone in history who has made a great contribution after the age 75,” said Dr. Emanuel during his lecture, acknowledging that there are a few exceptions.
It is also important to note that Dr. Emanuel disregards this “happiness curve” for another reason. He explains that the older adults who are being accounted for in these types of surveys are not the vast majority — they are the exception, and not part of the 1 million people in assisted living, or the 1.7 million in nursing homes, or the 3.6 million homebound elderly. Furthermore, he claims that their ideas of happiness become skewed — adapting and accommodating to declining cognitive and physical function and accepting lesser activities.
“Let me be clear: I am not saying that those who want to live as long as possible are unethical or wrong,” wrote Dr. Emanuel in his article. “I am certainly not scorning or dismissing people who want to live on despite their physical and mental limitations. I’m not even trying to convince them I’m right.”
“What I’m trying to do,” he continued, “is delineate my views for a good life and make my friends and others think about how they want to live as they grow older. I want them to think of an alternative to succumbing to that slow constriction of activities and aspirations imperceptibly imposed by aging.”
While acknowledging that this view is subjective, Dr. Emanuel stands by it.
“Seventy-five years is all I want to live,” he concludes. “I want to celebrate my life while I am still in my prime. My daughters and dear friends will continue to try to convince me that I am wrong and can live a valuable life much longer. And I retain the right to change my mind and offer a vigorous and reasoned defense of living as long as possible. That, after all, would mean still being creative after 75.”
On Tuesday, February 6, 2018, the Institute on Aging (IOA) at the University of Pennsylvania hosted their 11th annual Vincent J. Cristofalo Lectureship. This year’s lecture titled “The Surprising Role of Nuclear Architecture in Aging” was presented by Tom Misteli, PhD, Director, Center for Cancer Research at the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health (NIH).
John Q. Trojanowski, MD, PhD, Director, Institute on Aging (left) and Tom Misteli, PhD, 2018 Cristofalo Keynote Speaker, with the Cristofalo family.
Dr. Misteli is an internationally renowned cell biologist who pioneered the use of imaging approaches to study genomes and gene expression in living cells. His lab’s interest is to uncover the fundamental principles of 3D genome organization and function and to apply this knowledge to the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for cancer and aging.
This lectureship celebrates the spirit and continuing research of our colleague, mentor, and friend, Vincent J. Cristofalo, PhD. Dr. Cristofalo, a pioneer in research in aging, is the founder of the Center for the Study of Aging, now known as the Institute on Aging (IOA), at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine.
“This annual tribute to Vincent Cristofalo is to acknowledge in perpetuity his contributions to aging research, his critical scientific thinking, as well as his commitment to mentees, colleagues, friends and family.” – Robert Pignolo, MD, PhD
To learn more about the Vincent J. Cristofalo lectureship, click here.
On Wednesday, January 24, 2018, the Institute on Aging (IOA) welcomed their visiting scholar, Anne Newman, MD, MPH, professor and chair of the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh, to the University of Pennsylvania for a lecture titled “What does it take to live a long and healthy life?”
This lecture covered topics on the importance of healthy behavior in the life course and other factors that promote longevity. It is well-known now that Americans are living longer. In fact, according to Dr. Newman, the most rapidly growing demographic is the “oldest old” which consists of ages 85 and older. However, the important thing to understand is how people are living longer and what is contributing to longevity.
While family history can play a role, longevity is only about 20-30% heritable. “I tell people, ‘no matter how good your genes are, don’t trash them’,” said Dr. Newman, explaining that one of the main factors really seems to be lifestyle. If you live a healthy lifestyle — eating a well-balanced diet, exercising regularly, abstaining from unhealthy habits like smoking and excessive drinking, etc. — you are, unsurprisingly, much more likely to live longer.
Dr. Newman also addressed the trend that women tend to live longer than men. She explained that there are several hypotheses on why this occurs. First, she suggests that perhaps women live longer than men due to male’s general history of engaging more commonly in higher risk behavior. She explained that another theory is that this could be caused by the factors that make men stronger and larger actually increasing the risk for disease and death — or maybe it has to do with a woman’s ability to become pregnant. Perhaps the “factors that allow women to tolerate pregnancy and survive childbirth may protect against disease,” suggests Dr. Newman. Another hypothesis is that there is a heterozygote advantage to having two “x” chromosomes as opposed to an “x” and a “y.”
In any case, Dr. Newman believes that aging is in fact modifiable. Through a number of
different methods — from caloric restriction, to genetic manipulations, to parabiosis or senolysis — the “potential to delay aging in humans is real.” However, she stressed that the real goal is to achieve a longer health span — a longer period of healthy life — rather than just a long life.
If you were faced with the question “which aging-related disease do you fear the most – cancer, heart disease, or Alzheimer’s disease?,” which option would you choose?
The Institute on Aging conducted a small poll to find out how people of all ages, races, and genders on and around the University of Pennsylvania’s campus would respond. Over the course of three hours of filming, 32 people agreed to answer our question on camera with no prompting or background information. Over 65% of people answered Alzheimer’s disease.
Which aging-related disease do you fear the most? - YouTube
Some participants shared that they have seen first-hand just how debilitating Alzheimer’s can be while watching loved-ones live with the disease and that they fear that they may be at risk due to family history, while others were less familiar with specifics but simply fear losing their memories and sense of self. However, regardless of their experiences, or lack-thereof, with Alzheimer’s disease, most were shocked to learn just how prevalent it is.
According to the Alzheimer’s Association, since 2000, deaths from heart disease have decreased by 14% while deaths from Alzheimer’s have increased by 89%. It is the 6th leading cause of death in the United States and kills more than breast cancer and prostate cancer combined (www.alz.org). Still, funding for Alzheimer’s disease research is severely lacking in comparison to other aging-related diseases like cancer and heart disease.
In fiscal year 2016, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for cancer was $5,598 million and $1,289 million for heart disease with a mere $175 million for Alzheimer’s disease.
There are currently an estimated 5 million Americans living with Alzheimer’s disease and unless more is done to combat this disease, that number could rise as high as 16 million by 2050.
Share this video to help raise awareness and advocate for more Alzheimer’s disease research funding.
Learn more Alzheimer’s facts, courtesy of the Alzheimer’s Association, here.
On Thursday, November 30, 2017, the University of Pennsylvania’s Institute on Aging (IOA) hosted their last Visiting Scholars Series lecture for the 2017 season featuring Richard Mayeux, MD, MSc. Dr. Mayeux is currently the Gertrude H. Sergievsky Professor of Neurology, Psychiatry and Epidemiology in the Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center and Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer’s Disease and the Aging Brain. In addition, he is also the Chair of the Department of Neurology at Columbia University, New York.
Dr. Mayeux’s talk highlighted his research on cerebrovascular disease and its link to late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD). As described in a 2016 JAMA Neurology publication, Dr. Mayeux and his colleagues conducted a study of 6,553 participants — 4,044 women and 2,509 men with a mean age of 77 years. Upon using generalized mixed logistic regression models to test the association of cardiovascular disease (CV) risk factors with late-onset Alzheimer’s, they found that “in familial and sporadic LOAD, a history of stroke was significantly associated with increased disease risk and mediated the association between selected CV risk factors and LOAD, which appears to be independent of the LOAD-related genetic background.”
Essentially, the findings support the idea that 1) cerebrovascular disease is prevalent in the aged, and 2) cerebrovascular disease may trigger Alzheimer’s disease in a genetically susceptible person. Currently, Dr. Mayeux is working on a new grant to further investigate his idea and to look into how to handle the fact that cerebrovascular disease contributes to the phenotype of Alzheimer’s disease.
To read Dr. Mayeux’s full 2016 publication, “Contributions of cerebrovascular disease in autopsy confirmed neurodegenerative disease cases in the National Alzheimer’s Coordinating Center,” click here.
Dr. Basisty’s research focuses heavily on the role of protein homeostasis in aging. Protein homeostasis is the process by which a cell retains an equilibrium of proteins to maintain its proper functions. According to a 2013 publication in Nature, it is believed that “a cell’s failure to maintain proper protein homeostasis has a major role in ageing and age-related diseases” (Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology 14, 55-61 (2013) BH Toyama and MW Hetzer). Dr. Basisty and his team are also looking at the role of this process in longevity with several interventions intended to extend lifespan in mammals.
In terms of future research, Dr. Basisty plans on expanding his studies to focus on method development to improve how well proteins can be characterized in the cell as well as how we can characterize the way proteins are regulated — or “turnover” — in the cell.
Learn more in Dr. Basisty’s short video interview below:
Nathan Basisty, PhD: 2017 Pignolo Award Winner discusses Protein Homeostasis and Aging - YouTube
Learn more about the Jospeh A. Pignolo Award in Aging Research here.
On Thursday, October 19, 2017, Penn’s Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research (CNDR) hosted its annual Marian S. Ware Research Retreat. This year’s topic was “Modeling Neurodegenerative Diseases” and featured a variety of expert speakers within the field.
“As is the tradition with CNDR retreats, every year we focus on a different aspect of neurodegenerative disease. This year, our theme was how to model the complexity of these conditions, for example at the molecular, cellular, and systems levels. The internal and external speakers provided a rich sampling of cutting-edge work being done on each of these areas,” said Kelvin Luk, PhD, Research Assistant Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and organizer of this year’s CNDR Retreat.
“Among the highlights were the trainee presentations, while we were treated to some spectacular methods for visualizing intact tissues and modeling how disease might be spreading across the central nervous system. Our keynote speaker also finished off by giving a glimpse of the disease process as it advances in living AD patients.
Overall, I think/hope it was enjoyed by all that were present. The feedback was very positive and we were able to bring together many members of the local (Penn and extramural) community from very diverse backgrounds.” – Kelvin Luk, PhD
In addition to the lectures, the day-long event also includes an annual poster session where scientists in all stages of their career, from Penn and beyond, can present their current and recent neurodegenerative-disease related research. The top three posters are selected by experienced judges and are awarded prizes. See this year’s poster winners below!
2017 Marian S. Ware Research Retreat Poster Winners
Poster Title: “Genome-wide Co-translational Decay of Canonical mRNAs” Authors: Fadia Ibrahim, Manolis Maragkakis, Panagiotis Alexiou, and Zissimos Mourelatos Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Division of Neuropathology
Poster Title: “Amnestic and Non-Amnestic Phenotypes of Alzheimer’s Disease: An MRI-Based Phasing Analysis” Authors: Fulvio Da Re1,2,3, Jeffery S Phillips1,4, Laynie Dratch1, Carlo Ferrarese3, David J. Irwin1,4, Corey T. McMillan1,4, Eddie Lee5, Leslie M Shaw5, John Q Trojanowski5, David A Wolk4,6, and Murray Grossman1,4 Affiliation: 1) Penn FTD Center, University of Pennsylvania, 2) PhD Program in Neuroscience, University of MilanoBicocca, Milan, Italy, 3) School of Medicine and Surgery, Milan Center for Neuroscience (NeuroMI), University of MilanoBicocca, Milan, Italy, 4) Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 5) Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, University of Pennsylvania, 6) Penn Memory Center, University of Pennsylvania
Poster Title: “Tau and Synuclein: a Tojan horse in the making?” Authors: Hannah J. Brown, Fares Bassil, Shankar Pattabhiraman, Bin Zhang, Dawn Riddle, John Q. Trojanowski, Virginia M.-Y. Lee Affiliations: Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Institute on Aging and Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
The University of Pennsylvania’s Institute on Aging wrapped up their second round of the Rhythm Experience and Africana Culture Trial (REACT!) on Monday, October 9, 2017.
The trial concluded with a celebratory award ceremony which included readings, art presentations, and a dance performance by the study participants. Dara Meekins, REACT! Study Coordinator, kicked off the ceremony with a welcome speech describing the importance and impact of this clinical trial. “This study was developed to investigate a culturally important form of physical activity that could enhance the neurocognitive health and physical and emotional well-being of older African Americans,” explained Dara. “Prior studies have shown promising effects of physical activity, but REACT! specifically seeks to provide a fun, engaging, and broadly translatable platform for reducing the health disparities that currently exist for older African Americans.”
Not all clinical trials are as pleasant and many require a variety of unfavorable medical procedures or testing. “I think this study shows you that if you don’t want to be probed or prodded with needles, we can still use your help,” says Dara.
Lewis Reddick, REACT! education group participant, is a perfect example of the many ways this study is bettering the lives of older African Americans. “This program has let me know about things that I still can do that I thought I couldn’t, such as my reading and writing,” he explained. “I couldn’t write the way I used to, I couldn’t read the way I used to… and [this study] got me started again and it has inspired me to maybe even go back to school!”
Mr. Reddick also expressed his praise and appreciation for Dara and the rest of the REACT! team, including Samuel Gorka, study coordinator, as well as several student interns. “Everyone was kind and we had a great time!” he said. “I looked forward to everyday that I came!”
Below are some highlights from the REACT! Dance Group’s wonderful performance led by African Dance Instructor, Yattah Jones! Their performance is set to the sounds of African Conga drums and tells a story of celebration, life, vitality, harvest & rebirth through a fusion of Afro-Caribbean dance styles.
REACT! African Dance Performance - October 2017 - Vimeo
REACT! is an Alzheimer’s Association-funded research study being conducted at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh).