The NPHR was founded in 2013 by students at Northwestern University who was interested in creating a platform for students and faculty to share their histories, perspectives, and ideas about public health. Our goal is to stimulate interdisciplinary public health conversations.
By Grace Bellinger, NPHR Editor-in-Chief Global New studies suggest that a combination of healthy lifestyle habits can reduce the risk of developing Azheimer’s disease. National New analysis shows that even a modest reduction in daily caloric intake, about 300 calories, may have protective benefits for the heart. Northwestern Northwestern study finds that sound stimulation during deep sleep may improve memory in people with mild cognitive impairment. Northwestern professor leads a large clinical trial suggesting that a drug may reduce pain and improve physical function in osteoarthritis patients. Advertisements
By Grace Bellinger, NPHR Editor-in-Chief Global New study shows that vaccines against the human papillomavirus have reduced infections, warts, and precancerous lesions in more than a dozen countries.Study including 1.5 million children suggests that the vaccine against rotavirus may protect against Type 1 diabetes. National Data from the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program show how safe vaccines are in America. Northwestern Northwestern professor co-authors a clinical trial suggesting that people with mild asthma may not benefit from inhaled steroid medications. Advertisements
By Elise Meyer The majority of Lagos’ 20 million inhabitants live in slums or informal settlements where health outcomes are poor, sometimes even worse than those in rural areas notorious for their health inequities. However, health literacy is correlated to health outcomes: low health literacy is associated with poor health outcomes and increasing health literacy has been shown to improve health outcomes. It was on this premise that Northwestern’s Access to Health (ATH) Project devised the Community Health Educators (CHE) Program, a holistic health education and advocacy program aimed at addressing health literacy in targeted informal-urban communities. In partnership with the Justice Empowerment Initiatives (JEI) and the Nigerian Slum/Informal Settlements Federation (Federation), the ATH Project developed a first of its kind “train-the-trainers” curriculum. This program was formulated to teach community-based health educators how to transmit health information to low-literacy Nigerian audiences while supporting behavior change models. Using the curriculum, the CHE Program trains and supports community-based health educators, who are trained in inclusive, adult-focused teaching strategies and advocacy techniques and taught the basic health knowledge for 7 community-selected topics including, for example, malaria, family planning, and water and sanitation. The educators then, in turn, hold trainings in their communities, seeking [...]
By Grace Bellinger, NPHR Editor-in-Chief Global Study finds that eating blueberries regularly reduces the risk of cardiovascular events. Mass antibiotic treatment reduces childhood deaths in sub-Saharan Africa, but raises concerns about antibiotic resistance. Advertisements
By Grace Bellinger, NPHR Editor-in-Chief Global According to a large British study, dog owners are four times more likely than people without dogs to meet today’s physical activity guidelines. National Sleep apnea is on the rise due to its comorbidity with obesity, affecting 9% of women and 24% of men. Advertisements
By Grace Bellinger, NPHR Editor-in-Chief Global The Philippines is experiencing one of the world’s worst measles outbreaks, with more than 33,000 cases since January. National The CDC reported that the measles outbreak in the United States has reached 880 cases. Northwestern Northwestern Medicine study finds that only half of children and adolescents in the United States have cholesterol levels in the ideal range. Advertisements
By Kacey Suvada At the start of my third year of graduate school, I realized I needed to do something to help further mental health awareness. As someone who has a mental illness, I can speak towards the fact that until I reached graduate school, there was very little I knew about mental illness and maintaining proper mental health in general. In high school we had a couple talks on suicide prevention, but there was not a curriculum that included substantial mental health awareness and education. Society as a whole would benefit if we change the way we talk about mental health. We need to start the conversation earlier and normalize conversations about mental health which will in turn change the attitude and stigma surrounding mental illness. After doing research on several different organizations in Chicago, I decided to reach out to the Chicago chapter of the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). When I’m not working on my degree, I volunteer with NAMI as a speaker for Ending the Silence, an initiative in which people with mental illness speak to high schoolers about mental health and their personal mental illness journeys. Through my outreach I [...]
By Grace Bellinger, NPHR Editor-in-Chief Global African swine fever outbreaks in Asia are leading to shortage of pork. National The CDC reported that the United States birthrate fell to the lowest in 32 years during 2018. A study on data from 1975 to 2016 finds that suicide rates for girls are increasing faster than for boys.
By Jackson Campbell March 8th, 2019 marked the ninety year and six-month anniversary of Alexander Fleming’s accidental discovery of penicillin, the first antibiotic to be used for medical purposes. What followed this discovery was a revolution in medicine and science as we discovered new antibiotic mechanisms to employ and rapidly became proficient in producing antibiotics en masse. Fleming’s discovery has undoubtedly saved countless lives from a variety of otherwise resilient and deadly bacterial pathogens. But alas, today we find ourselves facing a crisis point as the medical foundation we’ve built upon antibiotics is in jeopardy. Overuse of antibiotics in disease treatment and agriculture has created a bottleneck of selective pressure on bacteria, forcing them to evolve and adapt much faster than normal to survive. Consequently, antibiotic resistant bacteria were discovered as early as 1940. These resistant strains have continued to grow and evolve rapidly ever since: twenty-two years later we discovered one of the most infamous bacterial pathogens with the original Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain. Today, most bacterial infections that are picked up from hospital care are from bacterial “superbugs” that are highly pathogenic and practically immune to all but a small number of “last-resort” antibiotics such [...]
By Grace Bellinger, NPHR Editor-in-Chief National The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that 3 in 5 pregnancy-related deaths in the United States are preventable. Walmart is raising the age to buy tobacco products to 21 and will also discontinue sales of flavored nicotine products. Northwestern Northwestern Medicine study finds that heart failure deaths are rising in younger adults, especially black men under 65. Advertisements