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No matter what mix of analog or digital surveillance equipment a business has, it is always a good idea to know how they function. The functionality of any CCTV or IP camera video system focuses on two things: image resolution and field of view (how much ground is covered on the screen).

The resolution at which a security camera records is helpful in identifying things such as license plates and facial features. The recording resolution must be accessible in real-time and later playback from a DVR recorder.

Video Resolutions Currently Available

Video resolution categories can be divided up into analog CCTV systems, which are usually low definition, and digital high definition. There are many subdivisions inside these categories according to the number of pixels, screen size, and panorama (field of view).

The reason why no chart dealing with video resolution comparisons would be complete without an analog section is that there are still so many low definition analog systems in use. They are often the only choice for a smaller business. Cameras using analog technology are often integrated with digital systems as hybrid surveillance security coverage.

Further developments in surveillance technology have brought in panoramic megapixel cameras that can operate at a 180-degree or even 360-degree angle. The video resolution of these applications will be provided in the chart as well. The information on the resolution comparisons was derived from impartial field tests.

CCTV Resolution Chart

The terminology and numerical parameters listed below describe the image size (resolution is measured in pixels), how it is transmitted, how it looks when displayed on a screen (large or small), and how it is recorded and stored.

  • QCIF: 176 x 120 pixels – half the height and width compared with CIF
  • CIF: 352 x 240 pixels
  • 2CIF: 704 x 240 pixels – twice the width of CIF
  • 4CIF: 704 x 480 – twice the width and height of CIF
  • D1/WD1/Full D1: 720 x 480
High Definition
  • 720p HD: 1280 x 720 pixels
  • 960p HD: 1280 x 960 (Sony HD Standard)
  • 1.3 MP: 1280 x 1024 – MP (or Megapixel), indicating one million pixels or more
  • 2 MP: 1600 x 1200 – 2 million pixels
  • 1080p HD: 1920 x 1080 – 1080 pixels in High Definition
  • 3 MP: 2048 x 1536 – 3 Megapixel
  • 5 MP: 2592 x 1944 – 5 Megapixel
  • 4K: 3840/4096 x 2160 (4K UHD) – twice the line resolution of 1080p in ultra-high definition

Starting at the beginning of the listed resolutions, a quarter CIF or QCIF will record the images in a small size, probably in black and white. The images will be blurred by the low definition, but it will be enough to capture movement rather than details.

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The popularity of CCTV cameras in business and residential premises in New Haven county CT continues to grow, and for one unlucky criminal, his repeated attempts at carjacking were caught in glorious technicolor, for all to see.

Even the police seemed shocked at the sheer audacity of the suspect, a man called Juan Laporte who is 32 years of age. The determined man attempted to carjack a number of people at the gas station, even wrestling one poor woman to the ground in a desperate attempt to grab her keys.

Not only were the incidents captured on the gas station CCTV system, but so were the heroic actions of a passerby who tried to help the woman by kicking the assailant. The good news is that Laporte was subsequently arrested and subsequently charged by police.

Ironically the poor woman of the attempted carjacking was trying to help Laporte after he crashed his car further up the road, according to WWLP. The woman pulled over and offered him a lift to the nearest petrol station so that he could call the police to report the incident. In a shocking turn of events, Laporte then decided to thank the woman by trying to steal her car.

Having failed to take her car the determined criminal then chose to jump into another man’s car as he was pumping gas. The determined owner of this vehicle held on valiantly to the car steering wheel, as Laporte attempted to drive away from the gas station.

Determined not to steal the car Laporte frantically tried repeatedly to drive it between the road and the garage a few times. However, his driving skills were clearly not up to the task, and for the second time in a day, he crashed the car before trying to run away from the scene of the crime.

Having witnessed these shocking events, three passers by pounced on Laporte, and managed to restrain him on the ground until the arrival of police. Laporte was charged with some serious offenses including larceny, reckless endangerment, assault, breach of the peace, criminal mischief, carjacking, criminal attempt to commit robbery, criminal attempt to commit larceny, reckless driving and interfering/resisting arrest.

Although the camera footage did not directly result in the man being arrested, it provided excellent indisputable evidence of Laporte’s actions during the incidents. For any small business owner looking to invest in high-quality security cameras such as the one responsible for capturing the footage of this incident, Mammoth Security is one of the recognized leaders in this field and can advise and install the best surveillance cameras for every situation.

Attempted carjacking caught on tape - YouTube

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American Civil Liberties Union Wins The Battle, But At Whose Expense

The year was 2013, and the security services were supremely enthusiastic about the benefits of surveillance cameras and the ability to track wireless devices across the center of the city. However, a public backlash from privacy campaigners has resulted in the city being landed with a $150,000 bill for having the network decommissioned and physically removed.

There is always an element of controversy when new technology that effectively provides the police with added surveillance powers, that certain members of the public might call intrusive starts to be implemented.

This story, which has been developing for over five years has recently come to a head with Seattle Information Technology publicly admitting that they have set aside $150,000 to pay an outside contractor, Prime Electric as well as some city employees, to remove over 150 different wireless access points. These small white boxes and surveillance cameras are installed all around the city and provided security services with the ability to accurately track wireless devices across the city.

A Waste Of Valuable And Scarce Public Funds?

The mesh network was originally paid for with $3.6 million from the Department of Homeland Security. At its launch, the Seattle Police Department talked about how the new system would become a vital public safety tool both for port security and in cases of emergencies then as a communication system for first-responders. The counterargument to this came from the American Civil whose main complaint was that the system was merely an invasive tool which would be used for state surveillance while hiding behind a public-safety mask.

Seattle City Council Were Shocked By The Backlash

According to people predominantly opposed to the mesh network, the capabilities of this new system were immense. They claimed that the system could not only be used to target single individuals but also track and log every single wireless device that entered Seattle. Whether a person was just passing through the city, visiting a hotel for an illicit meetup with a partner, or innocently grabbing a coffee in the local coffee shop, all of this information was at least potentially being recorded and could then be used by the security services.

The City Council went into bunker mode, and only a few short months after this expensive system went live, a spokesperson for the SPD Sean Whitcomb made the following statement.

“The Wireless Mesh Network will be deactivated until the city council approves a draft (privacy) policy and until there’s an opportunity for vigorous debate.”

For reasons best known to the city council, five years later such a policy had still not appeared, and subsequently, the component parts of the system are now being systematically removed. The good news is that at least some of those parts are being used in other systems across the city, such as transportation traffic camera for instance, but it still does not take away from the fact, that this entire project has been a financial disaster.

Erb also commented that the plan initially had been to remove the equipment even earlier, but this had been thwarted due to work-schedule delays. The location of some of the boxes and cameras would be prime real estate for higher paying commercial cellular carriers always interested in upgrading their equipment and improving their signal coverage, Erb said:

“Seattle City Light is eager for us to remove old equipment from their poles.”

A Granular Victory For Privacy

“This is one good, granular victory,” said Shankar Narayan, technology and liberty director of ACLU in Washington State.

“It’s an issue we’d advocated around for a very long time. We have a longstanding principle that suspicionless surveillance of general populations is not useful and chills people’s constitutionally protected rights.”

One of the key selling points of the system was its versatility, and yet quite ironically it was that very versatility that led to its demise, quickly turning a positive into a public relations disaster.

The issue comes down to not only the financial cost but also whether or not the general public is prepared to accept that kind of monitoring and intrusion into their everyday lives. Things that people would previously have done without any concerns or objections, such as attending a protest, they will be less likely to become involved in. The fact that they could be so closely monitored, and even potentially placed on a police watch list, changes the psyche and willingness of people to be involved.

History Repeating Itself?

When it comes to public surveillance, it seems that the city of Seattle is slow to learn any lessons. Only a few short months ago, the city was forced to abandon its drone network, which had once again been funded by Homeland Security, for much the same reasons – a public outcry over privacy and state intrusion.

The problem is that with such a potentially vast quantity of data being collected whether it be by drones or cameras, the value of that data becomes almost immeasurable. Could insurance companies get access to drivers daily driving trips, and subsequently increase their insurance, regardless of whether or not they had an accident?

The Council Claim To Have Learned From These Experiences

The President of Seattle City Council Bruce Harrell said,

“This has been a learning experience for Seattle. The council needed to respect the public process, explain the technology, to the public in a transparent manner, listen to the public’s concerns and obtain council approval via ordinance before installation.”

As a consequence of these two separate fiasco’s city departments is now required to report any surveillance-enabled technologies, currently in use and then present them for a full review by the council.

At the time of writing a staggering 28 different technologies have so far been identified, with the general public demanding to know what exactly is the purpose of all of these systems.

Narayan himself says,

“That’s the point, all we have now are vague descriptions – it could be anything from a simple graphic representation of a spreadsheet, to a complex analytical tool that establishes relationships to show that somebody might be a gang member.”

As with anything involving the council, the wheels of investigation move at a slow pace, with the scrutiny not due to begin until March.

On a positive note, Narayan does admit that following the drone and mesh network issues, the ACLU has had productive conversations with SPD. He Said,

“They have a better understanding that if they want to roll out these technologies, they have to be ready to answer tough questions.”

City leaders it seems may well have learned their lesson, but unfortunately for the city purse, it cost them well over $4 million to get to this stage. Quite an expensive lesson to learn!

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Just because your business is small doesn’t mean that it doesn’t have assets that you need to protect. Computers. Confidential documents. Products. Contracts. There are dozens of items within your building that can cost you hundreds to thousands of dollars if stolen, which is why you need to invest in a small business security system. A small business security system doesn’t have to be expensive, but it should be comprehensive enough that should something as costly as employee laptops or customer files go missing, you can identify the perpetrator and ensure that they get caught.

Many small business owners don’t invest in security for their business for one main reason: cost. They fear that a good system is costly and that a system that is not expensive is not a system worth investing in. This notion is completely false, and it is one that can devastate a small business. Surveillance systems come in many sizes and with varying features, and most companies offer customers the opportunity to build their systems to be as complex or as simple as they like. At Mammoth Security, those are the types of packages that we offer.

Our experienced technicians will assess your security risks and advise you about what features you should invest in. Ultimately, however, it is up to you to decide what you need and what you don’t. Before you go shopping for surveillance, read this guide that briefly details the various types of security systems available to you, why you might need it and how much it will cost.

Video Surveillance System

A video surveillance system is used to protect the insides and outsides of buildings and homes. This is the most popular type of security system as it allows business owners to see what is happening inside and outside of their businesses around the clock. If a business owner suspects that employees are wasting company time while she is out for the day, she could pull up footage from the last few times she was out of the office and either confirm or debunk her suspicions. If she was correct, she could inform her employees that she is aware of what is going on and work with them on ways to eliminate time waste.

In another scenario, a business owner might suspect theft. In this instance, he might review footage, identify areas of suspect activity and implement measures to reduce it. In each of these scenarios, the business owner uses the surveillance system to reduce and prevent future monetary waste, and it only cost them the price of equipment and installation.

Let’s Talk Cost…

Of course, cost is going to vary depending on the type of equipment you use, who you have to install your system and whether or not you invest in routine monitoring, but on average, you can expect to pay $300 to $750 for a DIY system and as much as $1,500 for a professionally installed and maintained one.

Electronic Access Controls Systems

If you have departments within your building that shouldn’t be accessed by all employees, you might benefit from an electronic access controls systems. This type of system typically utilizes a keypad or key system and a. door that locks electronically. Business owners usually invest in an EAC system when they have confidential information they need to protect, or when they have a valuable intellectual property they don’t want to risk being leaked.

Let’s Talk Cost…

Depending on the type of hardware you invest in and how many doors you need to have an electronic lock mechanism installed on, you’re looking at paying an average of $1,000 per door, on the low end.

Intrusion Detection Alarm

If you don’t want to incur a loss and hope that the police catch the perpetrator, this is the type of security system you need. An intrusion detection alarm system is precisely what its name implies it is: an alarm system that detects an intruder and sounds an alarm before they have an opportunity to wreak serious havoc. This type of system protects everything inside of your building from burglars, vandals or dangerous intruders—including you, your customers and your employees.

Each different system within this category is slightly different, as business owners build them up to meet their unique security needs. For instance, some business might benefit from motion detectors that detect entry after hours or in off-limits locations. Others might benefit from data breach detection, which sounds an alarm when certain programs are accessed at odd times or from “the wrong” devices or user. Some business owners have the alarm sent directly to authorities, while others prefer to be alerted themselves.

Let’s Talk Cost…

The cost of these types of systems varies greatly, and can range from as low as $100 for a smaller office building with only one entrance to upwards of $2,000 for a larger building with multiple access points. However, whatever the cost, you can expect to pay a fee each month for monitoring services.

Computer Security System

Your computers contain confidential and valuable information that, in the wrong hands, can result in financial devastation for your company. You can protect that information with a computer security system that detects hackers and prevents viruses, spyware and other threats from costing you thousands of dollars and other significant losses.

Let’s Talk Cost…

Malware and antivirus software is relatively commonplace today and so should not cost you a lot of money. You can expect to pay anywhere from $30 to $100 annually for a software subscription, or you can even host safeguard your information for free with an online service.

Cost Should Come Secondary

While it’s natural for you to be concerned about your company’s budget, cost should not be a priority—the safety of your business assets and people should come first. Though that may mean cutting back in other areas, it will be well worth it when you can avoid potentially costly disasters from ruining your business.

If you’re interested in building a security system to protect your business and its assets, contact Mammoth Security today. Our team is a leading surveillance provider throughout the state of Connecticut, and our goal is to help business owners like you protect your investment.

Visit Torrington CT security camera installation page.

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PTZ, or pan-tilt-zoom cameras, are devices that do exactly as their name implies: pan, tilt and zoom. Though these cameras are a bit more expensive than others, they can do the work of several fixed ones. For this reason, many home and business owners use these types of cameras when building their security systems. Instead of relying on multiple devices to catch some action, they can rely on one and set it to move in the direction of motion whenever motion is detected. If you’re in the market for new security cameras for your home or business and want to know more about PTZ—including the benefits and pitfalls of the technology—this post was made for you.

Why We Love PTZ It Comes With Built-In Motion Tracking

One of the best features of PTZ cameras is their motion tracking feature. Intruders who want into your property bad enough may figure out where your cameras are placed and try to avoid each one’s line of vision. With fixed cameras, they would be successful, but with PTZs, they may be highly disappointed. If there is motion within a certain distance of each camera, the lens wills swivel towards it and zoom in for more accurate viewing purposes. If theft or vandalism does occur, you can be sure that the perpetrator will be clearly visible in the footage.

It Provides for a Larger Field of View

These devices can cover a 360 degree area, which is nearly four times the amount of coverage that a fixed device can achieve. You can either preprogram your devices to focus on certain areas at certain times of day or you can control it remotely and change the field of view whenever you feel it is necessary to do so. Consequently, this makes installation easier, as instead of having to have your cameras placed in precise locations, you can have them installed in general areas, and then focus them wherever you want whenever you want.

It’s Weatherproof and Tamper Resistant

Because PTZ cameras are meant to be placed in areas that can achieve the greatest ranges of vision, they are generally placed out in the elements and up high. For this reason, they are designed to be both weatherproof and vandal resistant. As a result, you can capture footage in rain, sleet, snow or hail, and can rest assured that while you’re away, no vandals will be messing with your security equipment.

It Comes With Several Upgrade Options

PTZ cameras are already pretty spectacular as is, but they can be made to be even better with high definition options, alarm outputs and night vision. Most modern cameras come with resolutions that range from 720i to 1080P, high definition video, HD-SDI technology, advanced PTZ domes and much more.

What We’d Change About PTZ We’d Get Rid of the Blind Spots

One of the greatest disadvantages of PTZs is their blind spots. While this technology is designed to achieve a greater field of view, that greater field of view can only be achieved once you manually move the lens or set it to automatically move at a certain time of day. In the interim, you have to hope that the lens pans and tilts fast enough when it detects motions, otherwise you risk missing an important incident or event.

In all honesty, eliminating blind spots is the only thing we’d change about PTZ technology. Fortunately, we may not have to do much, as multi-sensor cameras have made their debut.

What Are Multi-Sensor Cameras

Again, the description is all in the name. Multi-sensor cameras are devices that incorporate multiple sensors in a single housing unit, thereby giving devices all the benefits of a PTZ but without the lag time or need for adjustment. All you have to do is set your sensors to suit your exact coverage zones, angles and needs, and then start filming. Whereas typical PTZ cameras do the work of several devices, multi-sensor cameras actually are four cameras in one. To learn more about multi-sensors and why we love them, check out our blog, Multi-Sensor Cameras: The PTZ Camera Killer.

View: New Haven CT surveillance cameras by Mammoth Security.

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College campuses may be a place of learning, but they’re also a place of crime and danger, especially at night. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2014, there were 27,000 criminal incidents against persons and property on campus at public and private 2-year and 4-year postsecondary institutions that were reported to police and security agencies. Unfortunately, crime and assault rates haven’t changed much since then, and that may be in large part due to the fact that college campuses are tough to secure.

With multiple buildings, and even more floors within those buildings, providing video surveillance for a college campus is comparable to providing surveillance for a small city. Because of this, security camera installation teams have struggled to provide the configuration that campuses need to ensure the ongoing safety of students, staff and each school’s property. Fortunately, every problem has a solution—even the tough ones.

When you work with a surveillance company like Mammoth Security, you get experience, quality and unlimited help. Our team understands what it takes to secure large areas, and we are no stranger to securing small towns. If you’re looking to equip your college campus with cameras and other surveillance technology so that you can keep students, faculty and property safe, let our team guide you towards the best way to outfit your school.

Factors to Consider When Outfitting a College With a Complete Security System

Every school is different, and each comes with its own unique set of problems and challenges. To help you better determine what type of equipment you need and where, we’ve put together this list of questions for you to think over:

  • What is your campus crime rate?
  • Is vandalism a major concern?
  • Are there trouble areas that you’ve noticed, such as in parking lots or on poorly lit paths?
  • What types of crimes are the most prevalent?
  • What types of security systems are currently in place, if any?
  • Does your school employ a security guard or several who patrol the campus at night?

Your answers to these questions can help the professionals determine the comprehensiveness of the system you need.

Best Practices for University Surveillance Systems

As with all projects, there are some best practices that our New Haven CT security cameras installation team adheres to. When we take on large projects, we like to work with the following best practices in mind:

  • Equip parking lots with adequate surveillance.
  • Place cameras near all entrances and exits to school buildings.
  • Keep all sports facilities well secured.
  • Have someone continuously monitoring hallways, lobbies and walking paths.
  • Equip residence halls with security equipment.
  • Mount cameras in high risk areas such as poorly lit paths, parking garages and other places where individuals may find themselves alone and defenseless.
  • Install cameras in campus stores, offices and other places where money is exchanged.
Why You Should Invest in Campus Security

Whether or not you should equip your campus with a surveillance system shouldn’t even be a question. With the right team on your side, you can easily overcome the challenges posed by the large area and increase your school’s overall security. However, if you’re still wondering if it’s worth the time and monetary investment, the answer is a resounding yes and here’s why:

  • A surveillance system can help you maintain secure facilities.
  • More secure facilities mean increased safety for students.
  • Security cameras serve to help deter crime.
  • They are also effective in preventing vandalism.
  • Security cameras can help you monitor parking lots and parking garages.
  • Security footage can aid in investigations.
  • Security footage can help improve university policies and procedures.
  • With the right team, installation is fairly simple and requires little time on your end.
  • You can access footage from anywhere with an internet connection, at any time.

You have a duty to your students and faculty members to keep them safe. Mammoth Security can help you uphold that duty by installing a comprehensive system complete with state-of-the-art equipment and 24/7 assistance. If you’re ready to secure your university today, give our company a call – (860) 615-4028.

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When it comes to CCTV and surveillance systems, there are dozens—nay, hundreds—of components that you can use to build your system. Some components are tiny and seemingly inconsequential, while others are large and seem to make up the entire system (think cameras and DVRs); however, no matter the size of the component, each one serves a big purpose. Connectors may seem small, but they are mighty.

BNC connectors—or Bayonet Neill-Concelman—are a common type of RF connector that utilizes BNC cables. Typically, these types of connectors are used with aviation electronics, test equipment, amateur radio antennas and military equipment, but more recently, they have been used in surveillance systems.

Instead of using a RCA connector for composite video, consumers can use a BNC connector. If the RCA jack doesn’t have the right equipment for a BNC connector, all a user has to do is install an adapter and voila! The device is BNC ready.

BNC connections are often found in recording studios, as these types of connectors allow for easy synchronization of various components. Additionally, they have become a popular option for video surveillance, especially where analog cameras are present.

If a consumer wants to build up and update his or her older system, the BNC connector makes this feasible. A BNC connector connects the analog video components from the camera to a TV monitor or DVR. It snaps firmly into place, providing for a quality and secure connection.

Types of BNC Connectors

There are four main types of BNC connectors:

  • Twist-On
  • F-Compression Connector
  • F-Crimp Connector
  • Crimp-On
Twist-On BNC

This type of connector is simple to use and does not require any tools to use, as you simply attach the connector by twisting it onto the coax cable, as its name implies. Of course, tools may be necessary if the cable is not stripped beforehand. Some people believe that twist-on BNCs are unreliable because they do not attach as securely as crimp-on connectors or compression ones, they can get the job done when the cable is properly prepped.

F-Compression Connector

BNC compression connectors can be installed in one of two ways: 1) use a one-piece BNC compression connector and call it a day, or 2) attached a compression F connector to the coax cable, and then screw on the BNC connector. Many installers prefer the second method as there is no need to guess about the length of the coax core; in the second method, the core is visible, leaving very little room for error. Additionally, many installers prefer method two as F-connectors can be used in most TV installations as well as in surveillance system installation (Middletown, CT Mammoth Security office will help you). Not only does this mean that they can eliminate at least one more material on the average run, but also, it means that they are exceptionally good at their job as they do it all the time.

F-Crimp Connector

The F-Crimp connector method is similar to the F-compression connector one except that a crimp-on connector is used instead of a compression one. Like with the above method (number 2), a F connector is attached to the cable first, and then a screw-on BNC connector.

Crimp-On Connector

The crimp-on BNC connector is also available in two styles: 2-piece and 3-piece. 3-piece is rarely used, so for the sake of this article, we’ll just discuss the 2-piece method. Installing cables using the 2-piece BNC crimp-on connectors requires two tools: a crimping tool and a cable stripper. Though this process takes slightly longer than any of the others, the end result is a secure connection and cables that are not bound to come lose any time after installation.

Mammoth Security Wants to Ensure a Secure Connection for All of Your CCTV Needs

At Mammoth Security, we want to make sure that your CCTV surveillance system has a secure connection and that all your cables stay where they need to be. For this reason, we use only the most durable components when building your systems, such as BNC connectors. If you want to build a strong and long-lasting surveillance system, reach out to Mammoth Security today. We are ready to help you protect what matters most to you: your property, your business and your loved ones.

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Prison surveillance systems are not an option—they’re a necessity. However, prisons, like all other businesses, have a strict budget to work with, and unfortunately even necessities are skimped on every once in a while. Security should not be one of those necessities.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2,220,300 adults were incarcerated in US federal and state prisons and county jails in 2013. In October 2017, there were 14,105 individuals locked up throughout the state of Connecticut alone. In order to ensure that these mass amounts of dangerous individuals stay firmly incarcerated, prison systems need guards, cells and, of course, video surveillance.

Video surveillance is not just necessary to keep prisoners in; rather, it also serves to keep guards and prison personnel safe while they do their job. If something does happen to a prison worker, it is important that the system be able to identify the perpetrator and pinpoint how, exactly, they were able to act up. Suveillance footage is key in this regard, as it can provide the evidence necessary to document incidents and stop misconduct from happening in the future.

If you manage a prison in Connecticut, you need to take the necessary measures to ensure that your employees and even other prisoners are safe and secure. If you don’t have a CCTV system in place, or if your system is old and outdated, there are a few reasons you should consider upgrading.

Benefits of an Upgraded IP Camera System in Your Enfield Prison

Video camera surveillance has always been an integral part of prison security measures, but as technology advances, many prisons aren’t keeping up. Below are just a few reasons that you should update your facility’s camera system:

Better Monitor Inmate Activity

Inmates are notorious for breaking the rules (after all, that is how they landed in your facility in the first place), and being behind bars does not hinder most prisoners’ desire to create mischief. From selling contraband items to giving each other tattoos, to inciting gang violence to trading weapons, there are a number of illegal activities that prisoners partake in. An updated security system that offers clearer footage and more coverage can better help you keep tabs on your inmates while your guards focus on more important matters, such as keeping the peace.

Irrefutable Evidence

IF an inmate or inmates are accused of misconduct, video footage can help you prove it. Without evidence, it can be difficult, and at times impossible, to determine the cause of mischief, as many prisoners are more willing to stay quiet than to be labeled as a “rat.” When incidents do occur at your facility, you can eliminate an extensive investigation and interrogation of inmates and simply review your footage.

Increase Visual Coverage

Facilities that use just guards to keep an eye on inmates are at a severe disadvantage, as there is only so much that the human eye can see. Once a guard’s back is turned, inmates are essentially free to do whatever they please. Facilities with outdated systems don’t have it nearly as bad, but they don’t have it great either. Most prison facilities are extensive, with numerous cells, corridors, offices and common areas. Outdate systems may have a difficult time monitoring all areas, while an updated CCTV system can provide continuous coverage of an entire facility.

Prevent Smuggling in of Contraband

Unfortunately, inmates aren’t the only people you have to be wary of. Visitors are the biggest source of contraband, and they bring in everything from drugs to weapons to their inmate-loved ones. Cameras placed in all the right locations can deter visitors from smuggling in illegal goods, while footage can be used to identify violators and ensure that they are adequately reprimanded by the state.

Reduce the Frequency of Assaults

In prison, fights are inevitable. However, with strategically placed cameras, you can drastically reduce the number of incidences, as no prisoner wants to be caught instigating or participating in a brawl.

Monitor Officers

Guards and correctional offers frequently act out of line with inmates, which is not only frowned upon, but it is illegal. To make sure that your officers are treating prisoners fairly and that they do not engage in any misconduct that could land your facility in hot water, update your surveillance systems and then let your officers know about it. Any officer that wants to keep his or her job will be sure to act with decorum when they’re on the clock.

Risks Associated With Prison Surveillance

Though there are a number of benefits associated with updating your facility’s CCTV systems, there also a number of known risks.


Prisoners have a lot of free time on their hands, so if they want to tamper with your near security cameras, chances are that they will be able to. Even if you invest in vandal-proof cameras and take extra measures to reduce the likelihood of tampering, there is the strong possibility that one or more of your cameras will fall victim to vandalism. For this reason, it is smart to invest in a backup security plan.


Inmates are people too, and as such, they too need their fair share of privacy. If you have too many cameras in place, your facility may come under fire for prisons’ rights violations. However, if you have too little, the safety of your prisoners and guards is at stake. Finding a balance may be tricky, but it’s necessary.

Over Reliance

You never want to rely too heavily on your CCTV surveillance system. While security cameras are effective and certainly necessary for keeping the peace in your facility, they should be used as a part of your overall security efforts, and not as the whole of your efforts.

How Best to Configure Your Prison Security Cameras

Correctional facilities usually present plenty of challenges when it comes to CCTV system installation. From ensuring that all rooms and passages are monitored to navigating prisoner rights issues to preventing vandalism, there are a lot of considerations a prison must give careful thought to before proceeding with installation. If you are not sure how to appropriately install your CCTV camera system, try to answer the following questions:

  • What areas are most susceptible to violent incidences?
  • Is inmate violence an issue in your facility?
  • Are you aware of any times when an inmate has been improperly treated by a guard or officer?
  • Are you aware of any particular risks within your facility?
  • Does your facility have a history of drug use?
  • How many guards and officers are scheduled to work at any given time?
  • Is there currently a security system in place?

By providing your surveillance installation team with the answers to these questions, you can better help them determine the best way to install your upgraded system.

Setup Advice

Though every correctional facility will require a different setup, some best practices are as follows:

  • Make sure that there are adequate cameras in all common areas, including rec halls, the rec yard and the dining hall.
  • All hallways, corridors, stairwells and other areas where inmates regularly travel should be closely monitored as well.
  • Video cameras should be mounted so that they can keep a virtual eye on all cell-block activity, without actually looking into prisoner cells.
  • Cameras should be situated in booking and identification areas, as well as in the nurse’s station.
  • CCTV cameras should be installed at all entrances and in all visiting areas.
Work With Your Enfield Surveillance Company

At Mammoth Security, our Enfield security camera installation team is trained to navigate and overcome unique security system challenges such as those posed by correctional facilities. If you own or manage a prison, juvenile detention facility or even county jail, you need an effective surveillance system. Call our team to schedule a consultation and to have an effective camera system design drawn up today.

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VRs and DVRs are critical components of any surveillance system as they are the devices that record the footage captured by one or several security cameras. Though they serve the same function, NVRs and DVRs are very different in nature, and which you choose to utilize will make a difference in your installation costs, installation time and even the quality of video you could expect. Whether you are in the process of building a new security system or want to update an existing one, it is important to understand the key differences between the two types of recording devices so that you can choose the one that best satisfies your security needs. This post will outline the differences between the two devices, the features of each and the advantages and disadvantages of both.

A DVR System

A DVR—or digital video recorder—works with both digital and analog cameras and is connected via a wire from camera to recorder. Because the device is wired, it doesn’t require internet to work, which is why it is great for dated analog systems. On a DVR system, the camera doesn’t do any of the work—the DVR does. It converts footage transmitted by the camera into a compressed, digital format and stores it on an external hard drive such as a memory stick or computer. Because analog systems already have coaxial cable in place, updating an older system with a DVR is relatively simple, as all you have to do is connect the cable to the recording device. Some systems utilize both DVRs and newer network cameras; these systems are referred to as “hybrid systems.”

An NVR System

A network video recorder (NVR) is one that doesn’t require any wiring (though it can use wiring if necessary). The IP (internet protocol) cameras are connected to a router, and it is through that wireless router that the cameras communicate with the NVR. IP cameras work like much of today’s technology does. For instance, you can send photos from phone to phone, videos from computer to computer and a host of other types of media from one device to another so long as you have an internet connection. That is what an IP system does. In a network system, the IP camera does most of the work, including compressing footage into a digital format and sending it straight to a computer or other external storage device. This is a much more efficient and cost-effective system than a DVR system, as it requires less wires and allows you to place your cameras in locations that would otherwise have been hard to reach.

The Pros and Cons of Each

Reliability: Though NVRs are more convenient, DVRs offer a much more reliable connection as they transmit signal via a wire and not via an internet connection. At any given time, an NVR may suffer from signal loss, resulting in a down system or low-quality footage. An NVR system may suffer when other wireless devices are in use as well, as several different devices fight for signal.

Recording Quality: When NVR systems are functioning properly they provide for much higher quality footage than a DVR system. Because of the nature of the NVR, you can enjoy the high-resolution videos and crystal clear images that older cameras and analog systems simply cannot capture.

Installation: Because NVR systems are wireless, installing them is relatively simple. Unlike a DVR system, which requires a point to point connection to every camera, the only wire configuring necessary with an NVR system is that which connects the actual device to the wireless router. Because DVRs require extensive wiring, they are much more complex to install than an NVR system.

Flexibility: Because the NVR inputs video from a network and not via a cable, it allows for much more flexibility and scalability than a DVR system. Cameras can be placed anywhere within an internet connection, high up in trees or along fence lines and in hidden locations. This type of flexibility is not really possible with cameras connected by multiple wires.

Compatibility: Not all IP cameras are compatible with NVRs, which can be a major bummer for people who buy their cameras first and invest in an NVR later. To prevent incompatibility, homeowners and business owners should invest in a complete NVR system that comes with all the surveillance equipment necessary.

Cost: The biggest difference between NVR and DVR systems is cost. DVRs are much cheaper than NVRs, so if budget is your primary concern, then a DVR system is the way to go. That said, an NVR can save you a significant amount of money in the long run if you want to upgrade your cameras or build up your system.

Risks of Choosing the Wrong System

As with all things, there are risks to choosing the wrong type of system. Those risks include the following:

Wasted Time: Any surveillance system takes some amount of time to choose, configure and install, so choosing the wrong system can prove to be a big waste of time. Additionally, most systems offer several different features and programming options for optimizing their system, and having those features incorrectly programmed can lead to false alarms, cameras that don’t work and lapses in recording. If you don’t need a complex system, you may be better off opting for a system with few features and little room for error.

Lack of Scalability: Most surveillance systems today allow you to expand them as your needs grow. If you anticipate needing additional surveillance in the future, opt for a system that allows for scalability. If you choose a wired system that is difficult to add to, you may have to install a completely new system in the future.

Low Video Quality: A video surveillance system is only as good as the quality of the video. This is especially true if you intend to use your footage for identifying perpetrators after a crime is committed and not for stopping criminals in the act. The wrong system may prove to be ineffective if the video quality is low.

At Mammoth Security, we’re in the business of helping homeowners and business owners alike invest in security camera systems that work for their needs and budget. If you aren’t sure what equipment will work best for you, talk to our professional camera installers for help making the right investment today.  You can choose to connect with our main office or with our security cameras installers in Fairfield CT.

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Connecticut may be the third-smallest state by area but it boasts some big achievements. For instance, the state is home to literary geniuses like Mark Twain, William F. Buckley Jr., Candace Bushnell, Suzanne Collins, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Arthur Miller and Maurice Sendak. It boasts an endless array of quint villages, scenic beaches and great seafood. It is home to the number 1 wooden roller coaster in the world. And according to a study by the American Human Development Index, the Constitution State is the best state to live in and citizens are generally happier than those of any other states. The final achievement may be due in large part to the city’s low crime rates.

According to a recent FBI crime report, Connecticut’s crime rate is approximately 30 percent lower than the nation’s average, and the state’s top 50 safe cities are 65 percent safer than the nation as a whole. As of 2015, these communities reported less than one violent crime per 1,000 people; 28 of the cities on the list cited no more than ten violent crimes; and four of the safest cities—Weston, Easton, Madison and Redding—reported zero.

Property crime is also on a decline in Connecticut, and is scarce in the featured cities. While the nation as a whole reported 25 property crimes per 1,000 individuals, every city on the list save for five reported less than 15 property crimes per 1,000 people.

Whether you are a native to the state and want to develop your business in one of your home state’s safest cities or you are from elsewhere in the country and are looking to relocate to a place devoid of crime, consider living in one of the Nutmeg State’s top safest cities.

How the Safest Cities Were Determined

In order to rank the safest cities in Connecticut, we collected data from annual FBI crime statistics by city, which include all of the most recent crime data available at the time. It is important to note that not all American towns participate in these reports, and that towns with less than 5,000 residents were excluded from the reports entirely. The reports covered property crimes, such as burglary, vehicle theft and arson, and violent crimes, such as murder/manslaughter, robbery, aggravated assault and rape. The amassed data was standardized to reflect the occurrence of these types of crimes per 100,000, to account of varying population sizes. To come up with a “crime score,” violent crime was given a weight of 80 percent, while property crime was given a weight of 20 percent. Crime score was adjusted by population size, giving more slack to larger cities.

Based on those calculations, we came up with these top 5 safest towns in Connecticut:

  1. Redding

9,300 people call Redding home, and 17 sworn in officials protect and serve the small community. In addition to sworn in officers, the town employees 10 auxiliary officers as back up. The town boasts the fifth-lowest property crime rate in all of Connecticut and sees only four violent crimes per year. The median household income in 74 percent higher than the state’s median and the percentage of people in poverty is extremely low.

  1. Wilton

Wilton is a fairly good sized city and is the home to approximately 18,807 residents. It lies 15 miles outside of Stamford. Wilton has the fourth-lowest property crime rate than any other city in Connecticut, which many attributes to the police department’s safety tips. There was only one violent crime reported in the town in all of 2014. Wilton is an extremely affluent community, with a median household income 150 percent higher than the median household income for Connecticut.

  1. Ridgefield

Ridgefield is home to more than 25,000 residents and is a mere 22 miles from Stamford, CT and a little over an hour from New York City. Though small, the law enforcement office employees 42 certified professionals and seven civilians. The town is big on programs such as Neighborhood Watch, D.A.R.E. and Citizen Police Academy. The median household income in Ridgefield is 111 percent higher than the state’s and 73 percent of residents have at least a bachelor’s degree.

  1. Easton

Easton is the smallest community on the top 5 list, with only 7,645 residents. The town’s police department may be small but it has big initiatives, including a program for the elderly and disabled called R.U.O.K. and a Vacant House Program to watch over peoples’ homes while they’re out of town. Of all the towns that made Connecticut’s top 50 list, Easton has the lowest violent crime rate and the second lowest rate of property crime. The median household income for Easton is 89 percent higher than the state’s.

  1. Weston

Weston is home to more than 10,000 people and has a full-service police department to protect law and order. The municipality relies on surrounding jurisdictions for more complex procedures such as digital forensics. With those crimes accounted for, however, the city still came in at number one, with zero reported violent crimes and the lowest property crime rate. The residents of Weston are very well educated and earn an average income of $208,078.

45 Other Safe Communities in Connecticut

Following are an additional 45 safe cities to live in in Connecticut, from safest to “least safe.”

  • Madison
  • Bethel
  • Canton
  • New Canaan
  • Granby
  • Avon
  • Newtown
  • Monroe
  • North Branford
  • Rocky Hill
  • Simsbury
  • Darien
  • Coventry
  • East Hampton
  • Greenwich
  • Suffield
  • Westport
  • Brookfield
  • Cheshire
  • Guilford
  • Thomaston
  • Winchester
  • Middlebury
  • Portland
  • Glastonbury
  • New Milford
  • Old Saybrook
  • Farmington
  • South Windsor
  • Fairfield
  • Plainfield
  • Wolcott
  • Southington
  • Woodbridge
  • Berlin
  • Orange
  • Wallingford
  • Trumbull
  • Cromwell
  • Seymour
  • North Haven
  • Plymouth
  • Shelton
  • Newington
  • Stonington
Your Town May be Safe, But is Your Business?

No matter where you live, there is always going to be the potential for crime. To give you greater peace of mind and happiness, make sure that your business property is protected with nothing but the best surveillance equipment and installation your money can buy you. At Mammoth Security, we want to help you protect your property by providing affordable and professional security camera system installation in Hartford CT and in other counties of Connecticut. To get your system today, call our team now.

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