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IELTSforFREE by Ieltsforfree - 6d ago

Increasing your vocabulary for IELTS is essential, so make sure you sign up to our newsletter and check back often to see our Word of the day!

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IELTSforFREE by Ieltsforfree - 2M ago
Present perfect simple

Present perfect simple tense examples:
I have cleaned my shoes.
He has gone to America.
I have travelled through Asia, but I haven’t been to Africa.

Uses of the present perfect simple:

1. To talk about something completed some time in the (recent) past that has an effect now
2. To talk about an experience we have had in our lives.

Present perfect simple form:

have / has + [3rd form of the verb / past participle] Present perfect simple use #1:

We can use present perfect simple to talk about something completed in the past that has an effect now.

  • I have cleaned my shoes.

This tells us that:

a) the speaker cleaned his/her shoes in the past
b) that there is a present effect of this – probably that they are now clean.

  • I haven’t finished my homework!

a) the speaker did not do their homework in the past
b) that there is a present effect of this – that they are not prepared for class.

NOTE: you cannot use present perfect simple with a specific time in the past – you have to use past simple.

e.g. I didn’t finish my homework last night. NOT  I haven’t finished my homework last night.

Present perfect simple use #2:

We can use present perfect simple to talk about an experience we have had in our lives.

Have you ever visited New Zealand?”
“No, I haven’t” been there yet. I have been to Australia though!

“I have eaten tofu but I have never eaten crocodile meat”

NOTE:

American English does not use this form of the present perfect. In American English, the past simple is used instead.

“Have you ever visited New Zealand?” (British English)
“Did you ever visit New Zealand?” (American English)

‘Ever’, ‘never’, ‘yet’ with present perfect simple Have you ever…..?

Used for questions about experience up to now.

Example:

  • Have you ever taken an over night train?
  • Has he ever met your wife?
Have you…… yet?

Used for questions  and negative sentences about experience up to now.

  • Have you seen that new film yet?
  • I haven’t asked him yet.

NOT: Have you ever visited New York yet.

Never

Used for negative sentences about experience up to now.

I have never climbed a mountain.

I have never spoken to her.

NOT: I have never drunk champagne yet.

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IELTS listening strategies for section 4

Over the 4 sections of the IELTS listening test, the recordings and questions become more challenging, so by the time you reach Section 4, you should expect it to be the most difficult. In order to get a good result, here are some useful tips and suggestions. Thanks to Khaled Manasrah for questions that led to creating this post!

Tip 1 – be prepared!

Knowing what to expect when the Section 4 recording begins is a great advantage, so here’s what you can expect. Unlike Sections 1, 2 and 3, Section 4 does not pause midway through the recording for you to read the next set of questions. However, you have more time before the recording begins to read through the questions (40 seconds instead of the normal 20 seconds).

Tip 2 – use the time given in Section 3

At the end of Section 3, the recording will say ‘You now have 30 seconds to check your answers’. However, we strongly recommend you use this time to only briefly check your answers to Section 3 – it is more important to quickly move on to Section 4 and start looking through the questions there.

Tip 3 – underline, circle and highlight important words in the questions

As you look through the questions in your preparation time, make sure that you are identifying key words and qualifying words in the question. Don’t just read them – circle them, underline, highlight them – anything that will make it easier to focus on the key points.

Tip 4 – use the questions to help you understand the recording

As Section 3 ends and you start looking through the questions for Section 4, you should be building a mental picture of what the Section 4 topic relates to. Are they talking about people, places, animals etc? As Section 4 begins (but before your 40 seconds preparation time), the announcer in the recording will give a brief description as well (e.g. ‘You will hear a lecturer talking about the subject of deforestation’) – this should add to your understanding of the recording and make following the context easier.

Tip 5 – use the questions to show you where the recording may change direction

Keeping track of where you are in the recording in relation to the questions is very important, so before the recording begins, try to identify where the focus of the questions changes. For example, if the first three questions are talking about one particular place, then the fourth question refers to a person, this should indicate a change in direction for the speaker and will let you know where you are in the recording.

Tip 6 – always read one question ahead

This is not specifically a tip for section 4 only – it is a good idea to know not just the next question, but the next two questions so if you miss one answer you are prepared for the next. It is particularly useful in Section 4 because if you lose your place in the first few questions, there is no midway pause for you to catch up!

Tip 7 – be realistic about getting ALL the answers

During the test you may find that you are waiting for an answer that you don’t hear, but you do hear the answer to the subsequent question. Because the questions in the listening test are all answered in order, this tells you that you have missed an answer. The main point here is not to panic or become stressed about that missed answer – simply move on with the recording. Remember that at the end of the test, you have 10 minutes to check your answers, so will have time then to make an educated guess for any missing answers.

We hope these tips have helped, but if you have a tip or suggestion that you think could help others, we’d love to hear from you in the comments section below.

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Improve your listening skills for IELTS 5 Alanis Morisette – Ironic

Level: Easy

Learning English through music is not only fun, it is very effective for improving your listening skills.

Play the video below and as you listen to the words (lyrics), complete the gap fill with the words you hear. When you are finished, click ‘Show answer’ to check your answers.

NOTE: There is only ONE word required for each answer.

Alanis Morissette - Ironic (OFFICIAL VIDEO) - YouTube

An old man turned ninety-eight
He won the 1. and died the next day
Show answerlottery It’s a black fly in your Chardonnay
It’s a death row pardon two 2. too late
Show answerminutes

Chorus:

And isn’t it ironic… don’t you think
It’s like rain on your 3. day
Show answerwedding It’s a free ride when you’ve already 4.
Show answerpaid It’s the good 15. that you just didn’t take
Show answeradvice Who would’ve thought… it figures

Mr. Play It Safe was afraid to 6.
Show answerfly He packed his suitcase and kissed his kids goodbye
He waited his whole damn life to take that 7.
Show answerflight And as the plane crashed down he thought
“Well isn’t this nice…”

(Chorus)

Well life has a 8. way of sneaking up on you
Show answerfunny When you think everything’s okay and everything’s going 9.
Show answerright And 10. has a funny way of helping you out when
Show answerlife You think everything’s gone wrong and everything blows up
In your face

A traffic jam when you’re already 11.
Show answerlate A no-smoking sign on your cigarette 12.
Show answerbreak It’s like ten thousand 13. when all you need is a knife
Show answerspoons It’s meeting the man of my dreams
And then meeting his 14. wife
Show answerbeautiful And isn’t it ironic…don’t you think
A little too ironic…and, yeah, I really do think…

(Chorus)

Life has a funny way of sneaking up on you
Life has a funny, funny way of helping you out
Helping you out

Show All correct answers
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Improve your listening skills for IELTS 4 Everclear – Wonderful

Level: Medium

Learning English through music is not only fun, it is very effective for improving your listening skills.

Play the video below and as you listen to the words (lyrics), complete the gap fill with the words you hear. When you are finished, click ‘Show answer’ to check your answers.

NOTE: There is only ONE word required for each answer.

Everclear - Wonderful - YouTube

(Intro)

I close my eyes when I get too 1.
Show answersad I think thoughts that I know are 2.
Show answerbad Close my 3. and I count to ten
Show answereyes Hope it’s 4. when I open them
Show answerover

I want the things that I had 5.
Show answerbefore Like a Star Wars poster on my 6. door
Show answerbedroom I wish I could 7. to ten
Show answercount Make everything be 8. again
Show answerwonderful

Hope my mom and I hope my 9.
Show answerDad Will figure out why they get so 10.
Show answermad Hear them scream, I hear them 11.
Show answerfight They say bad words that make me wanna 12.
Show answercry

Close my eyes when I go to 13.
Show answerbed And I dream of angels who make me 14.
Show answersmile I feel better when I 15. them say
Show answerhear 16. will be wonderful someday
Show answereverything

Chorus:
17. mean everything when you’re little
Show answerPromises And the world’s so 18.
Show answerbig I just don’t 19. how
Show answerunderstand You can smile with all those 20. in your eyes
Show answertears Tell me everything is wonderful now

Please 21. tell me everything is wonderful now
Show answerdon’t

I go to school and I run and 22.
Show answerplay I tell the 23.  that it’s all okay
Show answerkids I laugh aloud so my 24. won’t know
Show answerfriends When the 25. rings I just don’t wanna go home
Show answerbell

Go to my 26. and I close my eyes
Show answerroom I make 27. that I have a new life
Show answerbelieve I don’t believe you when you say
Everything will be wonderful 28.
Show answersomeday

(Chorus)
No
No, I don’t wanna hear you tell me everything is wonderful now

I don’t wanna hear you say
That I will understand someday
No, no, no, no
I don’t wanna hear you say
You both have grown in a 29. way
Show answerdifferent No, no, no, no
I don’t wanna meet your 30.
Show answerfriends And I don’t wanna 31. over again
Show answerstart I just want my 32. to be the same
Show answerlife Just like it used to be
Some days I hate 33.
Show answereverything I hate everything
34. and everything
Show answereveryone Please don’t tell me everything is wonderful now…

I don’t wanna hear you tell me everything is wonderful now

Show All correct answers
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Improve your listening skills for IELTS 3 John Lennon – Imagine

Level: Medium

Learning English through music is not only fun, it is very effective for improving your listening skills.

Play the video below and as you listen to the words (lyrics), complete the gap fill with the words you hear. When you are finished, click ‘Show answer’ to check your answers.

NOTE: There is only ONE word required for each answer.

John Lennon - Imagine - YouTube

Imagine there’s no.1.
Show answerheaven It’s easy if you 2.
Show answertry No 3. below us
Show answerhell Above us only 4.
Show answersky Imagine all the people
Living for today…

Imagine there’s no 5.
Show answercountry It isn’t 6. to do
Show answerhard Nothing to kill or 7. for
Show answerdie And no 8. too
Show answerreligion Imagine all the 9.
Show answerpeople Living life in 10. .
Show answerpeace

Chorus:
You may say I’m a 11.
Show answerdreamer But I’m not the 12. one
Show answeronly I hope 13. you’ll join us
Show answersomeday And the world will be as one

Imagine no 14.
Show answerpossessions I wonder if you can
No need for 15. or hunger
Show answergreed A brotherhood of man
Imagine all the people
16. all the world…
Show answersharing Show All correct answers

Did you know that John Lennon was one of the 4 Beatles?

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Improve your listening skills for IELTS 2 Louis Armstrong – Wonderful World

Level: Easy

Learning English through music is not only fun, it is very effective for improving your listening skills.

Play the video below and as you listen to the words (lyrics), complete the gap fill with the words you hear. When you are finished, click ‘Show answer’ to check your answers.

NOTE: There is only ONE word required for each answer.

Louis Armstrong What A Wonderful World - YouTube

I see trees of 1.
Show answergreen ,

Red roses too

I see them bloom for me and 2.
Show answeryou

And I think to myself what a wonderful world.

I see skies of 3. and clouds of white
Show answerblue

The bright blessed day,

The 4. sacred night
Show answerdark

And I think to myself what a wonderful world.

The 5. of the rainbow
Show answercolours

So pretty in the sky

Are also on the 6. of people going by
Show answerfaces

I see friends 7. hands
Show answershaking

Saying how do you do

They’re really saying ‘I love you’.

I hear 8. crying, I watch them grow
Show answerbabies

They’ll learn much more

Than I’ll ever 9.
Show answerknow

And I think to myself what a wonderful world

10. I think to myself what a wonderful world
Show answerYes Show All correct answers

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Improve your listening skills for IELTS 1 Oasis – The Importance of being idle

Learning English through music is not only fun, it is very effective for improving your listening skills.

Play the video below and as you listen to the words (lyrics), complete the gap fill with the words you hear. When you are finished, click ‘Show answer’ to check your answers.

Level: medium

NOTE: There are TWO words required for each answer.

Oasis - The Importance Of Being Idle - Official Video - YouTube

I sold my soul for the 1.
Show answersecond time

‘Cause 2. don’t pay me
Show answerthe man

I begged my landlord for some 3.
Show answermore time

He said “Son, the bill’s 4.”
Show answerare waiting

My 5. called me the other night
Show answerbest friend

He said “Man – are 6.?”
Show answeryou crazy

7. told me to get a life
Show answerMy girlfriend

She said “Boy – are 8. ?”
Show answeryou lazy? Chorus:

But I don’t mind

As long as there’s a bed beneath the stars 9.
Show answerthat shine

I’ll be fine, if you give me 10., a man’s got a limit
Show answera minute

I can’t get a life if 11.not in it
Show answermy heart’s

Hey Hey

(Chorus again)

I lost my faith in the 12.
Show answersummer time

‘Cause it don’t 13.
Show answerstop raining

The sky all day is 14. as night
Show answeras black

But I’m 15.
Show answernot complaining

I begged 16. for one more line
Show answerMy doctor

He said “Son – words 17.”
Show answerfail me

It ain’t no place to be 18.
Show answerkilling time

I guess I’m 19.
Show answerjust lazy Show All correct answers

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Facts about the IELTS speaking test

There are lots of websites, forums, blogs and postings on the internet giving advice about the speaking test, but so much of the information available is either incomplete or incorrect! To help, we have assembled some of the most common points below and listed them as true or false.

If you have a question or concern about the IELTS speaking test, then just put it in the comments area at the bottom of the page and we’ll answer it and add it to our list!

1. The speaking test takes between 11 and 14 minutes.

This is true. The test is tightly regulated between these times, so don’t be surprised if the examiner stops you suddenly in your final answer!

2. There are three parts to the speaking test.

This is also true. In Part 1, the examiner will ask you general questions about yourself. In Part 2 you need to speak for 2 minutes on a topic the examiner will give you. In Part 3, the examiner will ask you more in-depth questions relating to the topic card.

3. In Part 2, it’s OK to stop speaking after one minute.

No! This is false. Part of the speaking test is assessing your ability to be fluent and coherent, so you need to speak for the full two minutes. If you do run out of things to say and finish early, you can expect it to impact negatively on your results.

4. In Part 2, the topic card will have 4 points that you MUST talk about.

This is also NOT TRUE – the points on the topic card are there to help you, but you are not required to cover everything on the card. So long as what you are talking about is on the same topic as the card, that’s OK.

5. The examiner will take the topic card back after about a minute, while you are still talking.

Absolutely NOT TRUE – the examiner will ask for the topic card back after you have completed Part 2, but not during your speaking.

6. You should give short answers for Part 1.

NOT TRUE! You should extend your answers throughout the speaking test. If the examiner has heard enough, they will stop you and move to the next question, but you shouldn’t intentionally make your answers short!

Want to check if something you’ve heard about IELTS speaking is true? Simply post it below!

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Skimming and scanning in the IELTS test Video lesson

This video will help you improve your skimming and scanning skills for the IELTS reading test.

When watching our learning videos, it’s a good idea to take notes of anything you think that is worth remembering – writing down useful tips is a more effective way of remembering them than just listening, reading or watching!

Video 1 of 1 for skimming and scanning in the IELTS test

See below the video for the narration

NARRATION:

One of the biggest problems in the IELTS reading test is time. You have one hour to answer 40 questions, which means that you will have to be able to get the information you need quickly. There are three different skills you will need in the test -skimming, scanning and reading in detail.

Skimming means looking quickly at the passage to get a general idea of what it is about. Scanning means looking at the passage for specific information. Reading in detail requires you to carefully read the section of the passage you are looking for the answer in.

Here are some common situations in which you have probably already used these skills. You might skim a newspaper article to see if you think it is interesting enough to read. If you were looking for a telephone number in a directory, you would scan, looking for the specific information you need. If you are assembling a complicated product, you would need to read the instruction manual carefully to make sure you understand all the details of what you have to do.

Skimming and scanning skills will help you find the right section of the reading passage to answer the question. Most questions will then require you to read the section you have found in detail in order to get the correct answer. You should not try to read the entire passage in detail or you will run out of time.

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