Pakistan continues to go through an energy crises which has only become more severe from time to time. It is not just slowing down the economy but making life hell for the majority of the citizens. The energy needs of Pakistan are around 15,000 to 20000 MW per day, however currently it is creating only around 11,500 MW, rendering a shortage of 4000 to 9000 MW per day.
With time, situation may have improved with the inauguration of many new projects and power plants, however the overall problem remains the same.
Here are some of the causes, effects, and solution to the energy crises faced by Pakistan:
Causes: • Inefficient Power Plants:
Part of the reason, shortfall exists is inefficient and outdated power plants that are unable to generate electricity that meets the national demand. Moreover, due to cash crunch the plants are unable to operate at the optimum capacity, since they don’t have enough funds to buy the necessary amount of furnace oil.
• Electricity Theft:
Electricity theft can be termed as the mother of all evils causing the energy crises. The inefficiencies of the transmission and distribution system, cause this theft to take place, increasing the cost of supplying electricity. Instead of curbing this, the supply companies simply shift the burden of cost to the paying customers. A staggering Rs12.35bn worth of losses were reported owing to electricity theft in the Punjab area, whereas Rs16.5bn in Sindh contributing to a total of Rs59.174b throughout Pakistan.
• Lack of Dams:
Currently, the bulk of electricity being supplied comes from the hydroelectric plants and IPPs, both of whom heavily depend upon the availability of water in the dams. Therefore, whenever the water levels drop low, so does the electricity’s supply. Pakistan’s failure to construct a major dam after Tarbellawhich was in the seventies, has greatly exacerbated the problem. Just a few months ago, the water management authority – WAPDA announced that water capacity had fallen to 30%.
Effects: • Public Unrest:
Prolonged outages of electricity as well as gas result in public unrest on a mass level creating chaos. This chaos then manifests itself into citizens coming out on streets and disturbing the law and order situation. Many such incidents have occurred, where outraged citizens caused loss of property as well as halting the economic activity. Moreover, many times students are unable to study for their exams, forcing them to hire Essay Writer Services online for their assigned assignments.
• Economic Loss:
The capacity utilization which pertains to how much energy is utilized for production in factories, falls down to alarmingly low levels due to lack of energy, interruptions in supply. This renders Pakistan unable to export the surplus materials, forcing the country to import instead, resulting in the depletion of the foreign exchange reserves.
Moreover, the Independent Power Plants, that require exorbitant sums to create energy for the purpose of attenuating the shortfall, are also draining the resources of the country since they are operated by foreign companies. In the long run, this hampering of economic growth results in a low GDP.
The closure of industry caused by energy failures results in the subsequent unemployment leading to high levels of poverty.In a country where already 30% of the population is living below the poverty line, this leads to further worsening of situation.
Solutions: • Building more Dams:
It is high time that Pakistan invests in the construction of more dams, since the electricity demand is increasing every year and the current capacity of the dams is not enough in fulfilling that demand.
• Investing in Renewable Energy:
Only renewable energy can provide sustained, clean, pollution free and environment friendly electricity, which includes hydro power, wind energy, solar energy and tidal energy. Due to the advantages offered by renewable energy which includes low cost, the world has made great strides in shifting from conventional to renewable energy. However, Pakistan continues to heavily rely on furnace oil to produce electricity.
• Curbing Electricity Theft:
Electricity theft is the biggest impediment in the uninterrupted supply of electricity. Unless the government introduces large scale measures to curb this problem, by introducing strict penalties for the culprits, and getting them implemented, it will continue to be one of the major reasons contributing towards the energy crises. Such measures on the government’s part are the need of the day.
Corruption is a familiar phenomenon for people in developing countries, ruled by corrupt politicians motivated only by greed and self-interest. Pakistan is one of those countries. However, the Education sector seems to be the worst affected from corrupt practices. In Pakistan, one fails to find a single department or institution that is free from the plague of corruption.
The quality of education in Pakistan has been declining for some time now, and it appears that all of the factors responsible for its loathsome condition stem from corruption! Our literacy rate has gone down from 60% to 58%, while the number of children out of school in Pakistan is second only to Nigeria.
If we intend at solving this problem, we need to identify the black sheep in our education system who are to be blamed for it.
Here are some of the chief causes of corruption in Education in Pakistan:
1- Political Appointments:
Even though, teachers are being increasingly hired through the National testing service, the political appointments are rampant. Many a times, the chancellors of higher education institutes are still given top positions in lieu of their affiliation or ties with the ruling party.
2- Ghost schools/teachers:
Ghost schools refer to such schools that exist but only on paper. Such schools have no actual presence, no teachers and no students and yet keep receiving the funding. This funding goes in the pockets of the higher officials of the education department who run such scams in collaboration with political accomplices. This phenomenon is quite prevalent in Pakistan. The same goes with the ghost teachers. According to reports, in Baluchistan alone there are 10,000 ghost teachers who receive their salaries on monthly basis, but do not go to the schools to teach. On the other hand, at least 52 ghost schools have been uncovered in Sindh.
3- Low Budget Allocation:
The budget allocation in Pakistan has always been incredibly low as compared to the allocation of other sectors such as defense or health. Pakistan spends way less on education than the other countries of the world. As a percent of GDP, Pakistan’s allocation for education was just over 2.5% for the year 2018-19.
Due to this low budget, the government has to rely on foreign aid or grants to support educational programs, which creates much room for embezzlements. For instance, USAID and UN programs have pumped billions of dollars in Pakistan to support education initiatives but Pakistan has little to show for it, since most of the money received gets wasted through corruption.
4- Lack of Government interest:
Government hardly ever shows commitment towards fighting corruption in education. There seems to be a lack of political will on the government’s part.
5- Obsolete examination system:
The system by which examinations are conducted at the primary and secondary level is such that, it paves way for corruption. Many a times, papers get leaked online, while other times invigilators are caught receiving bribes from students in exchange for letting them cheat. A robust, efficient and modernized examination system is needed to solve this problem.
6- Lack of technological advancement:
The governmental education boards still seem to be stuck in the 80s and haven’t yet been computerized. Students have to wait for hours outside the board offices to get their metric/inter certificates or other important documents. This highly inept system, creates room for bribery instead of eliminating it.
7- Low salaries of teachers:
Despite gradual increase in education budget over the years, the government has kept the salaries of teachers very low. On top of that, many a times they are not paid on time, months in a row forcing them to come out on streets protesting to get their salaries. As a result, many government teachers resort to illicit activities such as revealing the paper to students ahead of the examinations, which accounts for corruption.
Moreover, this lack of interest on teacher’s part results in the student’s lacking in necessary skills and have to resort to Essay Writer Services to get their assignments done.
8- Mega schemes:
Many of the government initiatives for education have been introduced merely as a means to gain popularity and increase vote bank rather than the improvement education itself. Therefore, many schemes like laptop and Danish schools turned out to be scams where corruption of billions was carried out. Unless government starts introducing robust and realistic measures to increase literacy rate, the situation wouldn’t improve and such gimmicks could only be the cause of more corruption in education.
Unless, the government becomes serious in tackling the root causes of corruption and coming at them with full force, the problem will persist and with time corruption will only increase, resulting in a further decline in the quality of education as well as literacy rate in Pakistan.
Just a click and access to million things is just a glimpse of how technology has eased our life particularly the learning process. The intervention of technology has simplified the teaching and learning procedure, which sometime back were considered complicated and complex. The phrase “learning by doing”, has been coined because of the application of technology in the education sector. However, still, some individuals possess distinctive perspective relating to the technological emergence in academics. It is considered as a revolutionizing step which continues to impact the educational sector positively, some of which are mentioned below:
• Instant access
In this instantaneous world, technology has provided the education institutes with the fast-paced world through instant connection and access to match with the increasing demands. This access provides them information that goes beyond their school textbook. Within seconds, they get access to digital encyclopedias and the sources where every section and information is updated in seconds. The students also don’t have to carry the baggage of their course book as smart technology has paved its way in institutes. The teachers are also integrating the online learning activities within the classroom to provide essay help for student in their paper. Students under the guidance of the facilitator learn to conduct quality research.
• Motivates learners
Technological tool use in the classroom is flourishing. Students are more eager and enthusiastic to make use of technology in their learning. Various simulation and gaming practices are made available to students where they experience stressors which are to be faced in a real situation. The schools which cannot bear the cost or resources for sending students to actual students can now make them experience it within the school. It has also been concluded through various studies that student’s retention of the information has increased with the use of technology. The tech generation is made future ready by these experiences.
• Collaborative learning
Social media is termed as the showstopper in the technological world. It has opened doors to various opportunities to students for forming collaborations. Various groups are created, on which the information or message is circulated, projects are discussed, questions are asked and a lot more. The students can also submit their assignments online to their students, where various technological provisioned software are used for determining the originality of context to test the student understanding. Teachers and students across borders can connect to discuss the new techniques and way which are making the learning procedure effective and efficient.
• Personalized lectures
Use of smart technology in the classroom has benefited teachers and students alike. Teacher thorough it devises topics and interactive lessons to disseminate the information in an effective way. With technology, they aid in their student learning by using tools such as website, apps, videos and more, so that no disparity remains in their understanding. Personalization of the lectures has made students more willing to reach out to their facilitators for their academic endeavors.
• Facilitates special-needs students
The teaching of special-needs students which was previously considered a great challenge has now become easy. The development of the learning devices has aided them in overcoming their learning disabilities. The tools that are used by the facilitator include the speech recognition devices, tools for screen reading, sound amplifiers, and video conferencing for sign language and physically impaired students. The introduction of e-book and eye-gaze tools has also assisted the physically handicapped students as they don’t have to rely on anyone else for turning the textbook page, nor they have to carry a huge burden of the textbook which added more challenged to their already challenged educational expedition.
• Makes the future ready
Adaptation of technology in the classroom develops their technological understanding. This understanding serves as the basis for their employment as employers hire individuals who have technological competence. It also makes them critically question the facilitator of the various aspects of technology along with independent work assignments as well as making them proficient in cross-technological use. Through this technology, the student can also reach out to their desired company or employe, where they seek a job opportunity.
The long and tedious learning process has now made more effective and efficient. Thanks to technology, students can access their desired information 24/7. It forms a collaboration with the associated parties, motivates them, encourages them, and paves their path towards success.
Completing assignments on time without much trouble is a dream of every college student. As the end of the year approaches, the college work keeps on mounting and pressure to complete all the work builds up. This procrastination of the work pushes students towards the highest level of stress where there seems to be no way out. The management of the time should have been done more wisely but as the charm of the college life hits, the academics usually become secondary. However, to assist you in writing your college essay in just 24 hours follows these steps accurately and you are good to go.
• Step # 1 Critically analyze the question
The first step towards completion of your college essay is to critically analyze the topic stated. Build an understanding of what is being asked and then form a rough sketch of how are you going to cater to this question. Select the certain viewpoint with which you are going to answer the question and remain adamant about it throughout the paper.
• Step # 2 Collect the material
Once the decision pertaining to the question is made, fathom out the material which you are going to support the idea. Things which could be utilized for backing up the statement can be extracted from the scholarly resources available3 online, a renowned individual statement, general facts, arguments, as well as quotations. However, remember that when you in integrate these in your essay make sure to alter the sentence structure or it would be termed as plagiarism.
• Step # 3 Say goodbye to your cell phone and distractions
Your college essay cannot get completed within the certain timeframe unless and until you switch off your cell phone and get free from all the distracting things including the pillow which you are using for supporting your back. The more you limit the distraction, the more efficient and effectively your essay will get completed. It also includes declining all the offers made by friends for hanging out together.
• Step # 4 Organize the paper
Once the data has been collected, form an outline of the paper that the essay is said to follow. You can work on the standard pattern which is followed across the globe or if the institutes with which you are associated with have a predefined framework of an essay then follow that. Forming an outline will make it easy for you to incorporate the relevant information in the subset of the essay, and will cease your mind from wandering away from the subject concerned.
• Step # 5 Form a flow in the ideas
After collection of the material, and organizing of the work, another thing that must be done by the student is to correlate the pieces of information integrated. This integration should take place in such a way that a flow is formed, so that information does not seem to appear disoriented. The cohesiveness of the essay determines the strength which is reciprocated in the numbers which the course facilitator provides you with.
• Step # 6 Munch on some food
One work is greater than food, no matter how much marks it holds. The point here is not to eat thousands of dishes but to keep on munching certain healthy alternatives much keep the thought process and your hands running. An empty stomach takes the thought of an individual’s somewhere else which diminishes the college essay writing speed of the individual. Taking a break in between also refreshes the mind and makes space for some new ideas to set in.
• Step # 7 Edit and Proofread
The last step calls upon the reader to read the essay and find out the mistakes which may have occurred in a hurry. Upon recognition of the mistakes, take the corrective measures and make the necessary adjustments. The mistakes which may have resulted become the time constraint include the typo errors such as work or word, the preposition error, punctuation errors and more. Identify these and make the correction promptly in order to mitigate all the chances which provide the facilitator the opportunity to deduct the marks.
Wrapping it up
The following steps listed above are aligned together to help students get their task completed on time in order to attain high grades in the relevant discipline. However, it is still suggested that the students must avoid the practice of procrastination and should get their work completed on time which saves them from the trouble pertaining to submission of their essay. In case, due to the immense pressure faced you can connect the professional essay writers online to take you out of this situation with just a click.
Pakistan is a name that has been synonyms to various words when studied in a historical context. Considering the development of Pakistan in the recent years, it has progressed significantly. However, still, when the Pakistanis are asked about their study and work goals, they usually preferred flying out of Pakistan to a certain developed country. In addition, when a certain individual does abandon the opportunity to study or work abroad, he is bombarded with questions as to why, why Pakistan? In order to answer this question and to provide you with a different perspective of Pakistan, we have highlighted certain aspects which have been discussed below:
Pakistan provides an abundance of opportunity to individuals, not only in terms of academics but also for professional development. The unprecedented growth of the multinational companies in Pakistan has expanded the employment opportunities in Pakistan. The industry is now inclusive of every discipline whether tech related or medicine, whether essay writers, managers, or more, you name it and Pakistan has got it all. The Pakistani event named as 2016 APICTA has won various awards, which has increased the startup enterprises number. The number of startup incubators in Pakistan is also increasing because of the financial funding by both private and multinational individuals such as Google, which has shaped an extremely vivacious and ground-breaking ecosystem.
Over the years, the advent of international students has also increased who are preferring Pakistani institutes because of their growing reputation and academic standards. The high standard education provided here has increased the international student’s enrollment in the colleges. In addition, the variety of discipline and strict educational policies further have further increased its prospects for being ranked as one of the top places for learning.
No matter which country you choose to fly, the affordability provided in Pakistan cannot be matched. From the supplies of every day to the luxuries meal along with the standard of living, all are provided here at extremely affordable rates as compared to any developed country. In addition, the education provided in Pakistan is much more affordable as compare to another institute with the relatively same level of education that is provisioned by Pakistani institutes. An attractive and important factor as to why students should choose to study in Pakistan as every student desires high-quality education in the best package.
Strong Ethical Values
One of the prime reason for choosing Pakistan for your living, working and studying destination is the high level of values and morals its people hold on to. In the sub-continent, Pakistan is recognized for possessing high-level of ethics in work. According to the survey conducted on the belief of the individuals that hard work pays off in Pakistan, 80% of the responses were positive. In addition, the labor force in the country is further not saturated in contrast to the other countries which make the employee attrition lower.
Wrapping it up
Pakistan prospect of growth is positive, with the increasing ability and multinational assistance provided to the company, the probability of a country being counted in the list of the successful country is high. However, the decision of the individuals to study, live or work here is completely dependent on their own perception. Though the privileges Pakistan providers cannot be enjoyed in any other country and there is no stereotyping here which is faced by the individuals who travel abroad regardless of their reason for travel. Life in Pakistan is great and the reasoning for traveling that reflects the earning of high income is of vain because factually it is dependent utterly on our own capabilities and the way we put all the skill we possess to use.
Problems are to be found everywhere, no matter which country you choose to travel. Every individual is different so are their priorities and the perception of the things, therefore, we cannot categorize everyone in the same category, a happiness of the person is integral which may or may not lie in Pakistan.
Career development is built upon the choices and paths you take to surround you with the profession you want to pursue. Career development is not based on a single decision of choosing field or major you are going to adhere, instead, it is based on the different interests, financial status, and the different choices that will shape your future, leading towards different career paths.
To make sure a student, or generally anyone, takes the best decision for their career, it is essential to consider counseling with a professional career counselor. Career counseling is a process in which you investigate and bring out your strengths and weaknesses, to better understand yourself, which helps in making the best decisions for your academic and personal future. Furthermore, it also educates you about the required skills that are needed for certain majors. Therefore, career counseling is considered as important as education is. Not being educated about how to monetize the knowledge that is gained during the period of almost two decades spent learning in different institutes is equally an immense amount of waste. Also, such institutes are mainly focusing on the essay writing service through which the students can be assessed with respect to their learning and understanding.
Career counsellors help you in figuring out the best-suited career path. Everyone, be it a student or alumni, should get themselves counseled. It is rather important to get counseling at the earliest stage to deliberately take the best decisions for the career.
Students in Pakistan tend to face a number of difficulties while choosing a career path. That is largely because of the lack of availability of career counselors in different institutes and colleges. Students in Pakistan tend to make decisions based on what their peers and elders recommend which makes them confuse and puts them in a dilemma where they cannot think for themselves anymore. This leads towards students picking the wrong career path and instead of feeling inspired and motivated towards their jobs or majors, rather they face difficulties and complications in comprehending the field that they have picked for themselves, which not only demotivates them but, also extinguishes the fire of progression in them.
Although there has been a significant change in variations of jobs of different natures in the past few years, still the youth is not having access of the proper knowledge and still being in the mist of a guessing game of decisions, which leads a student towards apprehending the wrong career path that further leads towards the road of demotivation. As a result, they are not able to perform their best and even their lack of interest allows them to concentrate and be passionate about their selective field.
These are the current rates of unsuccessful students of different fields of students of Pakistan. 60% of students were unsuccessful in the field of Arts with only 39.73% of regular students passing the exam and the successful percentage of students in the field of commerce is 43.69% in the year 2016. The examination controller of the Karachi educational board mentioned about the bland and misunderstood situation “It is sad to see that since the last six years, even 50% of the total students in the commerce section have failed to pass”.
Different studies and experts in career counseling reveal that the absence of career guidance is the main source of students dropping out and failing in their examinations and the larger portion of the rest of them are unsatisfied with their career choice.
Students of Pakistan are met with three stages of major choices that could lead towards different careers. It is important that students pick subjects that they are interested in because they need to be motivated, inspired and be passionate about the career they are aiming to pursue. Following are the stages at which students have to make a career development choice.
• Matriculation studies
After successfully clearing eighth grade, students are met with a choice that will define the nature of career paths that will be available for them, in the future. The choice that they make at this stage will define the future options available for them. Students have the choices of selecting from two group of subjects namely “Computer science” and “Humanities”. Each group having different core and compulsory subjects.
• Intermediate studies
After matriculation examinations, students now are faced with the requirement of admission into different colleges and institutions to further their studies, they usually have the time span of two months to decide the field that they would opt for. What they choose for their intermediate education, will most likely define the field of their profession. Therefore, it is highly advised and urged to seek career counseling at this stage. So that they can evaluate and choose from the options, carefully. The majors they have to choose from are, Pre-Medical, Pre-Engineering, Commerce, Fine Arts, General Science, and Computer Science.
• Bachelors Degree
It is again highly recommended to seek career counseling for bachelor’s degree even before the intermediate examinations. A career counselor at this stage examines your academic performance and your financial status and presents the most suitable fields and different universities to choose. These are some different majors you can graduate with a bachelors degree from, Medical, Engineering, Business Management, Mass Communication, Arts & Humanities, Media Science, etc.
To eradicate these problems, education expos and different counseling events are held more than a few times every year. They are essential for our youth’s academic development. This is how we can summarize the crucial aspects of their services;
1. They help us assess the different jobs that are in high demand.
2. Help us examine our strengths and weaknesses and unveil the best fields accordingly.
3. They help us with the essential set of skills required for a particular major.
4. Also, they evaluate our financial status and provide the best academic institution, accordingly.
Students are extremely pumped up to get admission in their desired colleges. They plan on doing many activities and acing their grades, but only a few of them clearly make it up to graduation. Most of these students only make it up to the sophomore year. Ever thought why is that so? Well if you are someone who is seeking admission to college then have a look at the reasons that might thwart your path towards completing your graduation.
Reason no 1: Lack of Focus
The major reason towards the low percentage of graduate students is their indecisiveness towards their major. The change in major causes huge impact and loss of their credits. Consider having a freshman change his major pretty fine but now replace that freshman with a junior year students, now that’s some waste of time. Either they are not properly guided about the course or later find it that the course is not suitable for them. Another cause could be the trend of having more majors is what has students delay their graduation. The students also don’t realize that their major does not decide the level of job or career they aspire for. The trick is to choose an effective and interesting combination of minor to go with the major you choose.
Reason no 2: Lack of Finances
Another prominent reason that students don’t complete their graduation is the shortage of finance required. In spite of taking student loans, the fund is still not enough to cover their educational expenses. The cost of books, rentals, classes and more are difficult to adjust for the students, therefore, they seek easy way our i.e. dropping out of it. Therefore, students must be proactive in this and adopt a scheme to check their institutional financial aid, look for scholarships in their program or may grasp themselves an online job that they could do while studying probably like working for an essay writing services.
Reason no 3: Lack of Seriousness
Another reason that plays a predominant role as to why students don’t complete their graduation on time is their immaturity. Students get admission in college but they lack the mature attitude required for attaining those grades and having complete those credit hours. The sooner the students realize that their serious attitude is essential for them to succeed in the college the higher their chance of getting their graduation complete. They are also unprepared for the rigorous academics they have to go through, more inclined towards partying them studying which mostly results in bad grades which are enough to drop out of college. Also, the immaturity can be the reason for their fear. The fear of stereotyping, especially the students that are in minority face this issue. This fear thwarts their progress and thus mostly leads them to drop out before the college completion.
Reason no 4: Being Homesick
The trend of seeking admission in an oversea key country has boomed. The idea seems really exciting at first but later is dreaded by most of the students because either they fail to make friends there or the feeling of not being in their homeland is overwhelmed which make them drop out of college and not complete their graduation on time. Mostly this drop out because of homesickness is seen in the students of rural areas, where an extreme change leads to not delayed graduation.
Reason no 5: Demanding Work Schedule
Most students seek work to pay for their academic expense and give their career an early start. However, some of these students may face a conflicting work schedule with their course schedule where it becomes difficult for them to manage it. In most cases, the job is set prior to studies in the list of students. Also loads of homework, exams, and difficult professors also add to their stress which drives students to a point where they are left with no choice other than to quit.
Reason no 6: Family Issues
The family is the highest priority in every student’s list. Family can be supportive most of the times and sometimes can be the reason of students stress. Most students leave their education either due to some emergency in their family. Generally, the professors are considerate enough and provide students with a suitable plan that works out for them. However, this issue is impossible to prevent but it doesn’t have to stop students from graduation as observed mostly.
The college life has always been a struggle but in the present era, there are more distractions in contrast to the previous one. The students need to plan all their academic endeavors ahead such as taking a semester off or admission in a virtual college or switching to a community college are possible alternatives instead of delaying their graduation or dropping out completely.