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The many advances and innovations in medical technology have helped improve the performance of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine. Familiar to those suffering from obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and other related sleep apnoea problems, a CPAP machine helps these people to breathe easily and regularly at night.

A person with OSA has a narrow airway or a collapsed airway during sleep. This condition causes the oxygen level to decrease, triggering the brain to briefly nudge the sleeping person to wake in order to re-open the collapsed airway. This event happens hundreds of time during sleep, not only disrupting the person’s sleep but also increases the body’s stress that could lead to co-morbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, stroke and heart attack.… Read More...

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Great news for the millions of people who are undergoing continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy using a mask.  An 11-year study indicated that the use of CPAP mask was directly linked to a 62% decline in the odds for death.

The study was led by Dr. Quentin Lisan and conducted at the Paris Cardiovascular Research Center.  Dr. Lisan said that the benefit was sustained even after factoring the usual co-morbidities of sleep apnoea such as diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Previous studies regarding the connection between CPAP therapy and longevity was not established since those clinical trials were simply too short.… Read More...

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Most diseases are curable by taking medications, but in some cases medications or therapy may only control or regulate some diseases.  What then is the long-term prognosis for sleep apnoea? Can a person with sleep apnoea can hope to be totally free from it?

What Causes Sleep Apnoea?

Obstructive sleep apnoea is due to the collapse of a part of the airway starting from the nose and ending up on the lungs, collapses during sleep.  Breathing is repeatedly disrupted for 10 seconds or more all through the night.

The most common cause of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in adults is obesity and excess weight, which is linked with the soft tissue of the throat and mouth.… Read More...

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A continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is the most effective way to treat sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnoea.  One of the initial issues with the use of a CPAP machine is the risk of developing infections when using the mask. Is this a real concern?

Possibility of Bacteria Growth

A new CPAP machine and all its components come out of the package sterilized. All metal and plastic parts are initially free from harmful bacteria that may cause upper respiratory infection. However, when the ma chine is put into use, bacteria from the user will remain in the mask and tubing. … Read More...

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People who are over 60 and have been diagnosed with sleep apnoea could lessen the threat of enduring heart failure simply by using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mask during sleep to aid with breathing.

Published in the Journal of the American Heart Association, the study explored the link between sleep apnoea and heart failure.  Sleep apnoea  is a condition wherein a person stops breathing from 5 to 30 times per hour during sleep.

Previous scientific researches and studies have indicated that people with untreated obstructive sleep apnoea  (OSA) are at risk of developing comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, stroke, arrythmias and heart attack.  … Read More...

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In a recent study done by researchers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the United States, it was found that older pregnant women who are overweight and who snore have an increased risk of developing interrupted breathing or sleep apnoea. The study was published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and endorsed by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

According to NICHD’s Pregnancy and Perinatology Branch’s Uma Reddy, M.D., the study opened the door for very affordable means to screen and test large numbers of women who are at a higher risk of developing sleep apnoea during pregnancy.  … Read More...

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A recent study of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), implies that non-compliance to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is notably linked with increased 30-day readmission to a hospital facility.

The study shows that non-compliant patients are 3.5 times more probable to be readmitted to the hospital within a span of 30 days. These non-adherent patients are 2 times more likely to be readmitted to the hospital for cardiovascular conditions such as congestive heart failure, myocardial ischemia, and atrial fibrillation which are closely related to untreated obstructive sleep apnoea.

Dr. Behrouz Jafari is the lead study investigator and the director of Veteran Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System in Long Beach, California.… Read More...

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Polysomnogram (PSG), commonly known as sleep study, is a dedicated method to monitor the various physiological changes in the body while one is sleeping.  This type of study helps sleep doctors investigate and diagnose sleep disturbance that occur during sleep.  These sleep disturbances may be medical conditions that cause daytime sleepiness and tiredness, disrupted sleep, memory lapses, lost of concentration and other comorbidities that are linked to lack of sleep.

PSG is a non-invasive procedure. The sensors used may cause minor skin irritations to some but the discomfort is insignificant.  Comfort and safety of patients during the testing are ensured as trained and qualified staff are on duty during the diagnostic test.… Read More...

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Children diagnosed with sleep apnoea but are not undergoing CPAP therapy may exhibit delayed brain development.

A study led by Dr. Leila Kheorandish-Gozal of the University of Chicago indicated that children suffering from moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea could have damaged to brain cells. The test subjects showed a significant reduction of gray matter brain cells involved in memory, movement, speech, emotions, self-control, decision-making, and perception, when compared with children of the same age who do not have sleep apnoea.

Statistics indicate that up to 5% of children are affected by sleep apnoea. This study finally linked sleep apnoea and delayed neuronal growth in a child’s developing brain. … Read More...

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Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder that interrupts breathing during sleep. A recent study pertaining to obstructive sleep apnoea and its link to dementia was recently published in the European Respiratory Journal.

The study indicated that changes in the brain during sleep apnoea episodes are directly linked to changes in the structure of the brain seen in elderly people with signs of early dementia.  Scientists at the University of Sydney’s Brain and Mind Center said that new findings indicate that oxygen deprivation during sleep could be tied to alterations in the brain’s temporal lobes and compromised ability to absorb new information.… Read More...

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