The psychoactive effects of cannabis are well documented, and it has suffered greatly with the stigma surrounding it as a recreational drug. Anti marijuana campaigns have been run since the early 20th century, with infamous propaganda films such as ‘Reefer madness’. Recently however cannabis has been able to shrug off the negative connotations as new research and development proves ever further the many beneficial qualities it provides. The compound everyone is talking about is ‘CBD’, which has been proven to support the body in a variety of ways from helping with pain management, anxiety, immune system and much more. But what is the science behind this and what sets CBD apart from it’s psychoactive brother, THC? The Science behind CBD Discovered in the early 1990s, the endocannabinoid system is found in mammals and is responsible for complex actions on many of our bodily functions. Endocannabinoids are produced within the body. That’s right, your body produces the same type of compounds found in cannabis! The endocannabinoids we produce interact with our cannabinoid receptors. There are 2 types of cannabinoid receptor located throughout the body and central nervous system. Not only do these receptors respond to our own endocannabinoids but they also react to plant cannabinoids such as CBD and THC. When triggered, these receptors have shown to control appetite, pain sensation, immune function, anxiety, cell growth and many more. There are many studies and comprehensive results to support these claims. Hemp oil or CBD oil? You may well have seen hemp oil for sale before, but there is a big difference between hemp oil and CBD oil. Hemp oil is derived from hemp seeds that have been pressed to extract the oil. This oil contains very minimal amounts of CBD, usually less than 25 parts per million.
CBD oil however is taken directly from cannabis flowers, leaves and stalks that contains up to 15 percent CBD (150,000 ppm). The extraction process is completely different and is what sets the CBD content apart.
That isn’t to say that hemp oil doesn’t have its uses. It has high levels of omega-3 and omega-6 making it ideal for cooking and as a food supplement. It can also be great as a lotion helping keep skin moisturised. On an industrial scale, hemp oil has the potential to be used to create different forms of plastic, paints and even bio-diesel.
Hemp oil however does not have the same potential health benefits as CBD oil.
CBD and THC
Both CBD and THC are products of the hemp plant (not the seeds). CBD and THC do share similar traits, but the key difference is that where THC produces strong psychoactive effects, CBD does not. CBD and THC are both cannabinoids, which as discussed earlier are compounds which interact with our own endocannabinoid system to promote wellbeing. There are also other cannabinoids found within hemp, including cannabinol (CBN), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC) as well as many others. All of these cannabinoids have beneficial effects but THC is the only one to produce a strong psychoactive effect.
In 2018 CBD was officially removed by the World Anti-doping Agency from its list of prohibited substances. THC however remains on the list which does raise concerns for those who use CBD. Whilst the ban on CBD has been lifted the continued ban on THC means that many users of CBD oil extracted from cannabis plants run the risk of breaking the rules as plant derived CBD oil contains trace amounts of THC. Synthetic cannabinoids are also on the banned list, however synthetic CBD does not come under the same classification. It is a great step forward for the athletes who already use CBD as a supplement as part of their diet and recovery and we may see more athletes turning to CBD in the future. WHO are WADA? The World Anti-Doping Agency is an international organisation created to develop a doping free world of sport and competition, whilst furthering scientific research and education for the sporting community. They are funded by the International Olympic Committee and also receive funding from various governments around the world. Their list of prohibited substances is updated annually but they have a core code which is designed to bring consistency to the world of sports and outline a standard set of rules on anti-doping.
ATHLETES ARE ALREADY USING CBD
Many athletes are open about their use of CBD and how they have integrated it into their training, diet and recovery. The world of UFC is perhaps the first to openly embrace CBD, with one of the biggest stars Nate Diaz declaring how CBD helps him prepare and recover after a fight.
“It helps with the healing process and inflammation, stuff like that. So you want to get these for before and after the fights, training. It’ll make your life a better place.” This was Diaz speaking about CBD following his fight against Conor McGregor at UFC 202. CBD has also made its way to the NFL with players such as Ebenezer Ekuban and Eugene Monroe both coming out in support of the supplement. Speaking about his recovery from injury, Monroe told the Washington Post, “This pain is never going away. My body is damaged. I have to manage it somehow. Managing it with pill was slowly killing me. Now I’m able to function and be extremely efficient by figuring out how to use different formulations of cannabis.”
Monroe has been very vocal on the NFL changing its standards on THC and CBD insisting that cannabis derived medication is a better option than opioids.
“It's time for the NFL to change its archaic standards to better protect its players. For too long, I've watched my teammates and good friends battle with opioid addiction and leave the game with a long road still ahead; it's time to make a change”. It may be early days, but WADA’s decision to take CBD off the prohibited substances list is a great first step. For more information and support regarding CBD, as well as all the best CBD products visit CBD Queen.
As marijuana legalisation takes spreads throughout the U.S. under medical use, research continues to prove the groundbreaking health benefits of CBD, one of the healing compounds found in cannabis. THC is the compound many associate with cannabis, being responsible for the infamous ‘munchies’ as well as strong psychoactive effects. CBD however is very different. CBD is non psychoactive, meaning it doesn’t get you high. This means that CBD is perfectly legal, offering a host of health benefits. There is a good chance that CBD could well change your life, and here’s how:
1: Organ, joint and muscle support
CBD is a natural anti-inflammatory which makes it great as a natural painkiller, but also to treat diseases such as arthritis. Research also shows that CBD helps with bone growth, muscle repair and organ function.
2: Anxiety and Depression
Anxiety and depression are more common than you may think, and chances are that everyone will experience them at some point in their life by a varying degree. CBD helps suppress anxiety and regulate breathing which helps prevent panic attacks and anxious episodes. CBD also naturally enhances moods which helps fight depression by encouraging serotonin levels.
3: Managing Appetite
Cannabis is commonly associated with a heightened appetite, a phenomenon well documented as the ‘munchies’. The truth is however that CBD not only increases appetite but also helps curb it too. CBD is best thought of as an appetite regulator. It helps encourage appetite when needed but gives a lasting sense of satisfaction, meaning you feel full for longer. This is achieved by helping with insulin function.
4: Support Brain Health
There is growing evidence to suggest that CBD may well aid in the treatment of degenerative brain diseases such as Huntington’s, Multiple Sclerosis and Alzheimer’s. CBD helps slow the degeneration and when combined with the other benefits can offer another option to what is a terrible affliction.
As discussed earlier, THC is the compound found in cannabis that causes psychoactive effects. Over time, cannabis grown for recreational purposes have been bred to produce high levels of THC with very little if any CBD. THC can cause psychotic episodes and is linked so severe psychosis. Research shows that CBD is responsible for counteracting the psychoactive effects of THC, and it can help promote therapeutic relief in various forms of psychosis. 6: Slow the aging of the brain The brain naturally deteriorates over time, with oxygen being a large contributing factor to this. CBD helps oxygen cleaning from the brain which removes free radicals, which damage cells over time. We will never be able to eradicate free radicals as they are in everything we ingest and in our environment. We can however limit them and increase the longevity of our cells.
7: Increase Brain Activity
As explained earlier, CBD helps with the oxygen cleanse of the brain. This improves the efficiency of mitochondria which means our brain functions at a higher rate. This regulation of brain activity also carries over to sleep, reducing periods of REM sleep to give a better quality of rest.
CBD is an effective antibacterial agent, so much so studies have proven it to fight Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). MRSA is one of the most resistant forms of bacteria and is responsible for 18,000 deaths per year in the U.S. alone. Studies have shown CBD to be an effective alternative to prescribed antibiotics as bacteria begin to evolve and become more resistant.
CBD awareness continues to grow across the globe as research into this amazing therapeutic compound breaks new ground. Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the fastest growing market categories in the U.S. as hemp and legal marijuana industries continue their rapid growth. As CBD is also legal within the EU, CBD promises to take europe by storm in a similar fashion. But what exactly is CBD and how can it help you? CBD and the endocannabinoid system
CBD is one of many compounds found within the hemp plant. These compounds are known as ‘Cannabinoids’. The most researched and well known cannabinoids are THC and CBD, however there are well over 80 different cannabinoids found in cannabis. THC is the compound most will associate with cannabis, as it is responsible for strong psychoactive effects and the infamous ‘munchies’. CBD however is non psychoactive and is scientifically proven to provide a multitude of health benefits. CBD, as well as other cannabinoids work by interacting with bodies own endocannabinoid system. All mammals have this system, which governs much of the bodies functions. Our body produces its own cannabinoids which are then picked up by our cannabinoid receptors, which in turn can regulate our immune system, bone growth, mood, appetite as well as many others. By introducing plant based cannabinoids into our body we can stimulate these receptors and reap the benefits of our own natural endocannabinoid system. What are the benefits of CBD?
The potential medical benefits of CBD are vast, being used to treat diseases such as multiple sclerosis, cancer, huntington’s, alzheimer’s, anxiety, depression and epilepsy. We’ve covered each of these in more detail in our previous blogs which you can read here (link to previous blogs).
Once you begin taking CBD, for whatever reason whether that be for treating an ailment or as a preventative measure, you may well notice some of these benefits:
Your physical form will change. You may notice weight loss, as well as more radiant skin. Sense of stability. Your body and mind will feel a sense of stability. You’ll feel stronger and more agile, as well has having a much clearer mind and sense of focus. Health and repair. CBD directly affects the immune system as well as the bodies ability to recover. You’ll find illnesses will either be less severe or you won’t contract them in the first place. If you suffer any injury then you’ll find the recover time will also improve. Mood elevation. You will find your mood improves with less fluctuation of feeling up and down. Ongoing sense of calm, mindfulness and wellbeing. Taking CBD over a longer period of time will lead to a consistent sense of calm and wellbeing. Greater energy. CBD reduces the amount of REM sleep and encourages better quality deep sleep.
Factors to consider when using CBD The effectiveness of CBD varies from person to person, so it is important to make sure that all factors are considered when using it. Here are the 3 key factors to consider when using CBD: Dosing Whilst most CBD products will include a dosage outline, is important to consider the variables when dosing. These variables include age, weight, nutritional deficiencies and current ailments. As an example, someone with an existing autoimmune disorder may need a higher dose than someone without. It is also key to note what you want to get from CBD. For those looking to curb anxiety or perhaps balance their appetite may require a much lower dose than someone in chronic pain who needs pain relief. A base starting point for a daily dosage is around 25 mgs per 100 pounds of body weight. It is also important to note that CBD as well as other cannabinoids have biphasic properties like alcohol. What this means is that when in a low concentration in the blood stream CBD will act as a stimulant, though once past a certain threshold it will start to have a more sedative effect. This means that timing dosages can be important, so make sure to test when you haven’t got a lot going on. If you find that your dose leaves you energised, then take it in the morning. If however it leaves you feeling drowsy then take it in the evening. If there is no outstanding effect then you are free to take the dose whenever you feel. It is important to note as well to anxiety sufferers that this stimulant/sedative effect has no bearing on CBD’s effectiveness on reducing anxiety, whether you feel more alert or drowsy CBD will help regulate breathing and reduce anxiety in a natural way. Receptors As mentioned earlier, the body contains cannabinoid receptors which interact with cannabinoids, which is how CBD works. There are two types of receptor, CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptor is found throughout the brain and central nervous system and also in vital organs such as the lungs, liver and kidneys. The CB2 receptor is found mainly in the immune system and hematopoietic cells. Research shows that people who use cannabis regularly often have more open receptor sites which means they may not ‘feel’ the effects which calls for a stronger dosage. On the flipside, those who have never used cannabis often feel a euphoric feeling when they first try CBD despite there being no psychoactive effects. Lifestyle This really goes without saying but CBD will work far better in conjunction with a healthy lifestyle. If you take CBD to combat conditions like crohn’s, IBS or general inflammation, filling your body with large amounts of gluten and processed meat will compromise CBD’s potency. This goes for anything that also damages the body, heavy amount of alcohol, smoking, lack of exercise etc. There is evidence to suggest that CBD helps promote wellbeing which will deter the want for detrimental substances and give a greater sense of satisfaction. See more on our blog here about quitting smoking with CBD. (link to smoking blog) With all of this in mind you should be able to find a CBD regime that suits and work well for you. Everyone is different and dosages and use will reflect that. It is very important to note that CBD cannot replace a healthy diet and lifestyle but it can definitely help support it.
There is a high chance that at some point in our lives we will suffer some form of constant or continual pain. Traditionally, constant and chronic pain has been treated with opioid based painkillers. In recent years however, the consequences of opioid dependence have become more apparent and it is clear that they are not a long term solution.
Enter CBD, a compound derived from cannabis that has natural pain managing qualities with none of the drawbacks of opioid based painkillers. Preliminary studies in CBD have shown it to be effective in alleviating pain associated with many health conditions including fibromyalgia, Crohn’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Huntington’s disease as well as various forms of Cancer. The more research is undertaken, the more benefits we can clarify from CBD.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD is one of many compounds found within the hemp plant. These compounds are known as ‘Cannabinoids’. The most researched and well known cannabinoids are THC and CBD, however there are well over 80 different cannabinoids found in cannabis. THC is the compound most will associate with cannabis, as it is responsible for strong psychoactive effects and the infamous ‘munchies’. CBD however is non psychoactive and is scientifically proven to provide a multitude of health benefits. CBD, as well as other cannabinoids work by interacting with bodies own endocannabinoid system. All mammals have this system, which governs much of the bodies functions. Our body produces its own cannabinoids which are then picked up by our cannabinoid receptors, which in turn can regulate our immune system, bone growth, mood, appetite as well as many others. By introducing plant based cannabinoids into our body we can stimulate these receptors and reap the benefits of our own natural endocannabinoid system.
What Are Potential CBD Therapeutic Applications for Pain?
Not all pain can be treated the same way. There are many different triggers for pain and the specific experience is different for everyone. There are 3 main types of pain: neuropathic, nociceptive and the general “other”. Neuropathic pain is associated directly with the nervous system, nociceptive results from damage to tissue and the more general “other” type of pain has no clear source, perhaps stemming from neurological dysfunction. Many people using CBD now use it to treat a multitude of pain types, however research is currently underway to prove the effectiveness of CBD to combat specific types of pain.
CBD for Chronic pain
A 2008 review compiled all the studies conducted on CBD from the late 1980s until 2007 and concluded that CBD was effective in overall pain management, without producing any adverse side effects. It was also concluded that CBD was effective in easing insomnia related to chronic pain.
CBD for Arthritic Pain
The natural anti-inflammatory qualities of CBD make it ideal for those suffering with arthritis. A study undertaken in 2016 (link here https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4851925/) in rats showed that CBD was successful in treating pain associated with arthritis whilst showing no signs of any side effects.
CBD as Adjunctive for Cancer Treatment
CBD has gained a lot of popularity with cancer patients for its ability to deal with cancer related pain and the harsh side effects of chemotherapy. Most interesting is the amount of patients actively switching to CBD over conventional treatments. In one particular study, patients who were taking CBD as part of the study carried on with the CBD therapy even after the study was completed. Research into CBD and its effect on cancer is still ongoing but there is great potential.
Determining Correct CBD Dosage for Pain
CBD dosage is different for everyone, as covered in one of our previous blogs here (link to getting the best out of cbd blog). There are many variables to consider including weight, age, existing conditions etc.
It is however reassuring to know that there is no lethal dose of CBD and that there are no serious side effects at any dosage level. This means that patients are free to find a level that works for them safe in the knowledge they won’t do themselves any harm.
CBD Dosage for Pain
When dosing for treatment of a chronic or constant pain, the required level of CBD will be higher than that of other illnesses. Typically when starting out with CBD therapy it is best to begin at about 5 to 10 milligrams a day and building that dosage slowly over time. Do keep in mind that the dose will need to increase for effective relief.
The Basic CBD Oil Dosage Guidelines:
Start with a low dose, around 5 to 10 milligrams.
Go slow and maintain that dosage for at least two to three days. Make an increase every few days, up to 25 mg, then 50 mg and then 100 mg. You can divide these doses during the day. Remember that CBD works best by building up over time.
Keep a journal and monitor your mood, your cravings, quality of sleep and check for interactions with other medication. Compare your pain before commencing with the treatment against the pain during.
Consult with your doctor. This can’t be stressed highly enough but always consult with your doctor, especially if you are considering moving away from conventional painkillers. There are some drug interactions that your doctor may want to discuss with you before you start CBD therapy.
Why Do You Need Dosage Guidelines?
Getting the right CBD dosage for you isn’t an exact science are there are so many variables. Starting with a low dosage will allow your body to acclimate to CBD. You may some mild side effects such as mild stomach aches and a dry mouth. If you start with a low dosage however this will help eliminate the chance of this happening.
Maintaining the dosage before increasing is also important. You may not feel an effect, but CBD does not always take effect immediately. In some cases it may even take up with 30 days. If you don’t feel any relief after a few days, try upping your dosage slightly. Repeat this process until you start to feel relief.
CBD is forever growing in popularity and awareness which only helps further research. For more information and all the best CBD products visit CBD Queen.
Humanity has tried to find a cure for aging for millennia, with legends such as the fountain of youth promising a way to reverse the effects of aging. There are two reasons why humanity has pushed to fight aging for so long, one of which is perhaps quite vain in the pursuit of beauty, whereas the other is for immortality.
Current research into anti-again is expansive but still inconclusive. Aging can be attributed to the steady exposure over time to harmful internal and external stressors like environmental toxins, the sun’s radiation and pathogens like bacteria, fungi and viruses. The exposure to these stressors lead to mutations in our DNA. All this happens on a small scale but over time the results become visible in the form of wrinkles, sun spots, fine lines and a slow decline in our physical and mental health.
Modern research has shown promising leads in aging, linking it to the effects of oxidative stress on cellular health (the proliferation of free radicals) and the shortening of DNA strings, known as telomeres. There are currently no human studies in CBD and the anti-aging process but there is initial evidence to suggest that it can be an effect ingredient in the fight.
Cannabidiol and the Aging Process
The breakthrough evidence that suggests that CBD may assist in fighting the aging process has got the cosmetic industries very interested. There are many anti-aging beauty creams out there that contain CBD, but how effective are they? There are three main areas of aging that CBD could be key in combating aging: free radicals, inflammation and decreased cognitive ability.
Fighting Free Radicals
CBD is a strong antioxidant which means it has the significant ability of fighting free radicals. Free radicals are a natural byproduct expelled by a cell when they create energy. They are unpaired molecules which by nature are unstable and look for another molecule to pair with. Antioxidants pair with them and stabilize them, however without antioxidants free radicals will pair with positive particles from your DNA. This DNA damage ultimately is responsible for cell deterioration and aging.
CBD working as an antioxidant helps stabilize free radicals which prevents them from damaging your DNA structure. CBD has been proven to be more powerful than other antioxidants such as vitamin C and E.
CBD is well known for being an effect anti-inflammatory. Normally this makes it great for pain management but it could also play a part in helping with the aging process. Scientists believe there may be a way to slow the aging process by slowing inflammation. Studies show that CBD reduces the damage caused by inflammation on oxidative stress, which then protects the organs and cell tissue from damage. Couple this with the reduction in inflammation from disease and illness and there are many important avenues that would merit further research.
Protecting Cognitive Function
CBD is well documented in helping with neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. There is evidence to suggest that CBD protects against brain cell death. Reduced cognitive function comes with age as a result of brain cell decline. CBD increases the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) which is a compound that promotes new brain cell growth and protects against brain cell death. This explains why CBD shows potential for treating neurodegenerative diseases as well as reversing the damage caused by old age.
As the CBD industry continues to flourish, more and more research is conducted daily bringing to light new breakthroughs that show the potential of this incredible compound. CBD is an effective supplement to help with a variety of different ailments, but here we will discuss how CBD can help support your immune system. The immune system contains two different types of immunity mechanism, cell-mediated immunity and humoral immunity. Cell-mediated immunity is the immune system dealing with viruses, bacteria and intracellular infection. Humoral immunity focuses on extracellular toxins and pathogens. Both of these systems are very different and rely on specific immune components. Cell-mediated immunity uses T-cells to fight off antigens, humoral immunity however uses macromolecules to fight off antigens. This is where CBD comes in.
Every mammal has what is called an endocannabinoid system. This system is made up of endocannabinoids produced in the body that react with our cannabinoid receptors. There are two types of cannabinoid receptor, CB1 and CB2. They act as a neuromodulator sending information to neurons altering their activity throughout the nervous system. CBD stimulates the immune system in areas needs most by interacting with cannabinoid receptor CB2. This has been referred to as the “immuno-cannabinoid” modulation. Although there is limited research on the effects of immunomodulation, what has been conducted shows that at great concentrations cannabinoids such as CBD have the ability to assist with autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, lupus, arthritis as well as many others. In these instances with immune system is suppressed. In cases of HIV and cancer however the immune system is already suppressed, but studies show that CBD and other cannabinoids will strengthen the immune system. It could be possible that CBD could be a vital tool in balancing the immune system. Research into the targeted use of CBD on the immune system is still ongoing but has shown great potential. For more information and support regarding CBD, as well as all the best CBD products visit CBD Queen.
1. What is CBD? Cannabinoidol (CBD) is one of over 85 compounds found in cannabis that belongs to a class of molecules called cannabinoids. The most well-known cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is a psychoactive compound found in most marijuana strains and produces the various effects most users would associate with being “high.” CBD offers none of that. The human body contains its own endocannabinoid system (ECS), which houses various cannabinoid receptors. The chemical compounds that interact with the ECS support memory, mood, brain reward systems, and energy balance. The ECS system has also been found to be beneficial in combating depression, anxiety, increasing appetite, and create feelings of well-being. CBD naturally acts on the ECS system’s signals to increase receptor function and flow, with no psychoactive reactions in the body.
2. What are some uses for CBD? Research for CBD are as follows: Support healthy joints—Research suggest that CBD has the ability to help keep with joint health. Increasing the Appetite of Ill Patients—Patients who fall ill, have prolonged hospital visits or under chemotherapy tend to lose their appetite and become malnourished over time. CBD has been shown to help with appetite. Support brain health—A study has shown that CBD has the ability to help with oxidative stress. Our bodies naturally produce free radicals, which are damaging. Free radicals overwhelm organs and inhibit repair.
3. How do I Use CBD oil? Super Cannabinoid comes in a dropper form, making it easy to carry with you anywhere. We recommend placing two droppers once daily under your tongue, and holding in your mouth for 30 seconds before swallowing. After a week you can cut the dose to one dropper. For a more relaxed sleep, take 1 drop using the above methods, 40 minutes before bed. Although some have reported that it gives them energy so do experiment with what’s best with your body. Every individual is different.
4. What’s The Difference Between Hemp Oil and CBD Oil? Hemp oil is extracted from seeds of hemp plants. While they can be extracted from any cannabis plant, industrial hemp (non-drug use) typically is the only plant used for oil extraction. In terms of usage, hemp oil provides more benefits for everyday use. It can be used for cooking, moisturizing, soaps, the making of bio-diesel fuel, the formation of plastic products, and even vegetable oils. Hemp oil contains low levels of CBD, meaning it offers little therapeutic benefit. CBD oil is extracted from the flowers, leaves, and stalks of hemp. Its properties are more beneficial for overall wellness and body support. All of these benefits come with no psychoactive response in the system.
5. Does CBD Contain THC? Will It Show Up on a Drug Test? Unfortunately, it is possible for CBD to result in a positive for THC—much like eating a poppy seed bagel can cause a positive for opiates depending on the type of test. Our product contains THC in legal 0.3 percent amount, which is enough to cause the “Entourage Effect”. The Entourage Effect is the synergy observed between various marijuana compounds. Ironically alcohol which is common and damaging doesn’t require any test, but this plant does. Use your best judgement if planning to be tested.
6. Can I Use CBD Oil If I’m pregnant? Studies on mice have shown that CBD has no effect on developing embryos. However you should consult with a physician who understands CBD and its properties if you’re considering to use it while pregnant.
7. Can I Use CBD Oil While I’m Breastfeeding? Very little is known about CBD and lactation. However cannabinoids, naturally occur in breast milk, prompting some to believe that cannabinoids support the immunity, development, and functioning of new born babies. Individuals should use discretion and consult with a physician who understands CBD and its properties before use.
8. Will CBD Make Me Sleepy? Reported studies suggest CBD has the opposite effect of THC. CBD promotes alertness and can boost your energy at low levels.
9. Will CBD Suppress or increase my appetite? CBD promotes appetite, according to the National Cancer Institute. Individuals who are depressed, suffer from anxiety, or who are malnourished from a lack of eating can reportedly stimulate appetite through CBD use.
10. What Type of CBD oil should I buy? For starters, your CBD oil should be organic, non-GMO, soy and gluten free. It should be grown in soil that is free of pesticides, herbicides, and artificial fertilizers. An ideal CBD oil, should be easily absorbed by the body, fast-acting to provide its benefits immediately, and should be recognized as a top CBD in comparison to others.
11. Is CBD Oil Legal In My State or Country? If you live in the UK, U.S, Germany, Italy, Spain or Israel, it is legal for you to purchase our CBD products. Remember this product only offers trace amounts of THC, the compound responsible for marijuana’s psychoactive properties.
*The FDA has not evaluated the validity or truthfulness of these claims; therefore, we encourage you to review published researches relating to the benefits and properties of CBD hemp oils and other CBD products.
There is a lingering question surrounding CBD and that is whether a tolerance builds up over time. As CBD is a cannabinoid the same as THC it would be natural to assume that it has many of the same tendencies including building up a tolerance. The truth is that CBD and THC share a few traits but they are in fact very different.
There are major differences between CBD and THC. CBD has become very popular for its ability to treat anxiety, which THC is known to trigger. CBD also doesn’t trigger psychoactivity, which THC infamously does.
Another significant difference between the two is the risk of tolerance. The main issue with THC is that when used for medicinal or recreational purposes there is a slow increase in tolerance. The initial dose will eventually become ineffective when taken regularly. CBD does not seem to trigger a tolerance. Oddly enough, it seems to have the opposite effect, a bizarre phenomenon called reverse tolerance.
How Does Tolerance Develop in the First Place?
Tolerance develops most commonly with drugs that bind directly to our endocannabinoid receptors (THC being an example). Long term use leads to an internal response and our bodies adapt to the continual presence of the compound and as such a higher dosage is required to achieve the same effect.
Research has shown that long term THC use leads to increased tolerance. THC binds strongly to the cannabinoid receptor CB1 which is responsible for the psychoactive effect. Over time THC reduces the number of available cannabinoid receptors. This was support by a study conducted in 2012 which showed that chronic THC users had fewer cannabinoid receptors than non-users. After a break from THC the same users were able to return to lower dosages and their cannabinoid receptor levels had returned to normal.
How Does Reverse Tolerance Work?
Just as the name suggests, reverse tolerance is the opposite of tolerance. Continued use of a substance bring tolerance levels down and the user needs less of the substance to achieve the desired effect. Most substances cause people to experience increased tolerance level. Everything from pharmaceuticals, nicotine, alcohol and hard drugs like cocaine and methamphetamines. In some rare cases with alcohol the opposite is experienced due to severe liver damage.
There are only limited studies into the tolerance of CBD but the general consensus is that there is little to no risk of developing a tolerance. This is because CBD does not technically bind to any one cannabinoid receptor which eliminates the problem of tolerance. CBD promotes increased receptor activity unlike THC, which reduces cannabinoid receptors over time. Other receptors such as GABA receptors and NMDA receptors also respond to CBD and have also been shown to play a part in reverse tolerance.
Whatever the reason for CBD’s reverse tolerance, patients will find that they can slowly decrease their dosage over time. To find out more about dosages, check out our article on getting the best out of CBD (link to getting the best out of cbd).
Personal Anecdotes about CBD and Tolerance
There are some personal reports online where people claim to have experienced CBD tolerance when taking it for anxiety. On closer inspection however some of these complaints were down to users struggling to find a high-quality source of CBD oil.
There is however something to be aware of, called CBD saturation. This is often found in users taking CBD for epilepsy. After long-term CBD use the users may begin to experience seizures again. Common sense would dictate at that point that a higher dosage may be needed, but there is evidence to suggest that the opposite may be the answer and a lower dose or a simply a break from CBD could help restore its effectiveness.
The truth is that more research needs to be conducted, however in the meantime users have been able to find their own solutions with great results.
A Natural Medicine For Almost Anything Cannabidiol (CBD) is the future and the benefits of CBD are tremendous. Because of this plant compound’s numerous health benefits, it continues to sweep the nation, despite the politics behind getting this natural medicine to ill people. Cannabis has been stigmatized for decades, but scientists and society cannot deny that the plant’s active ingredients, known as Cannabinoids, provide a natural remedy to a host of health issues. While CBD, extracted from the cannabis plant, is structurally similar to THC, part of the allure is that it won’t get you high. CBD extracted from industrialized hemp contains less than 0.3 percent THC so the benefits of CBD have nothing to do with getting high. CBD is now the most researched cannabinoid on the market and rightly so because the studies go back to the 1940s proving its effectiveness on the nervous and immune systems, with no toxicity, side effects, nor psycho-activity. Cannabis is known to have 85+ different cannabinoids, many of them potentially having health benefits. “Cannabinoids promote homeostasis at every level of biological life, from the sub-cellular to the organism, and perhaps to the community and beyond,” writes NORML, a foundation that works to reform marijuana laws. According to research, one of the benefits of CBD is that cannabinoids synergize and help support humans’ built-in Endocannabinoid System (ECS). It was in 1992 that scientists discovered that the ECS plays a direct role in homeostasis, which regulates every metabolic process in the body, such as pain sensation, appetite, temperature regulation, stress reactivity, immune function, and sleep, as well as other processes. Even more interesting is that muscle and fat tissue also utilize these receptors to control their processes. So basically CBD communicates with our body’s main command center to keep things running as they should. Pretty amazing. While the government has arguably made selling CBD quite difficult, the US Department of Health and Services ironically patented cannabinoids in 2001. Patent 6,630,507 reads: Cannabinoids have been found to have antioxidant properties, unrelated to NMDA receptor antagonism. This new found property makes cannabinoids useful in the treatment and prophylaxis of wide variety of oxidation associated diseases, … age-related, inflammatory, and autoimmune diseases. The FDA and DEA refuse to change their stance on cannabis. “Naturally, this shows a certain amount of hypocrisy that there is ‘no accepted medical use’ for cannabis according to federal law,” Sam Mendez, an intellectual property and public policy lawyer who serves as the executive director of the University of Washington’s Cannabis Law & Policy Project recently told the Denver Post. “And yet here you have the very same government owning a patent for, ostensibly, a medical use for marijuana.” Politics aside, let’s look at just nine of the myriad benefits of CBD.
1. Epilepsy Epilepsy is a neurological disorder caused by unusual nerve cell activity in the brain. Each year, about 150,000 Americans are diagnosed with this condition. Many turn to mind-numbing medications, brain surgeries, and invasively implanted electrical stimulation devices, with little to no relief. Yet, 20 years of research has shown that CBD has anti-seizure activity, and has been used successfully to treat drug-resistant, epileptic children with no side effects. “CBD oil is also really good option for people with seizures, because you want a method of delivery they can’t choke on. As an oil, it can be rubbed on the gums and under the tongue,” adds Payton Curry, the founder of Flourish Cannabis, and a huge proponent of CBD. Curry views cannabis as a vegetable, and uses everything from the bud to the rootstock to maximize its non-psychoactive properties.
2. Depression These days, just thinking of the future of health care system in this country and the assaults on our environment is enough to get a person down and out. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, in any given year, persistent depressive disorder PDD, affects approximately 1.5 percent of the U.S. population ages 18 and older. That’s about 3.3 million American adults. In 2015, an estimated 16.1 million adults aged 18 or older in the United States had at least one major depressive episode in the past year. CBD has shown to have antidepressant-like actions, enhancing both serotonergic and glutamate cortical signaling through a 5-HT1A receptor-dependent mechanism.
3. Anxiety We live in a Xanax-addled society. Anxiety disorders today affect 18.1 percent of adults in the United States, which equates to approximately 40 million adults, between the ages of 18 to 54. One of CBD’s most promising implications is in the realm of anti-anxiety. Studies show that CBD can positively impact behavior and reduce psychological measures of stress and anxiety in conditions such as PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder. CBD also significantly reduced cognitive impairment and discomfort in speech performance, and significantly decreased angst surrounding public speaking. Even some pet owners have reported that using CBD oil on their dogs has helped calm down their dog, writes Gunhee Park, Co-Founder of Ministry of Hemp. While more research is needed to illustrate optimal dosage for anti-anxiety, consider this an opportunity to experiment and learn what works for you.
4. Oxidative Stress One of the benefits of CBD is combating oxidative stress. Today, chronic disease is on the rise like never before, with oxidative stress playing a significant causative role. Oxidative stress occurs when the body has too many free radicals and can’t counteract the damage. People fall prey when eating a nutrient deficient diet or when they experience an onslaught of toxins and the body can’t keep up and detox, causing more symptoms of disease. Oxidative stress is associated with a number of ailments including neurodegenerative diseases, heart disease, gene mutations, and cancer. How amazing that CBD is particularly beneficial in the treatment of oxidative stress-associated diseases of the CNS, because cannabinoids’ ability to cross the blood brain barrier and exert their antioxidant effects in the brain.
5. Anti-inflammatory Chronic low-level inflammation can severely erode your health; the silent lurker contributes to at least seven of the ten leading causes of mortality in the United States — which include heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and nephritis. While real organic food and proper nutrition should be the base of any anti-inflammatory protocol, CBD has shown to significantly suppress chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain without causing dependency or tolerance.
6. Chronic Pain and Neuro-Protection Another of the many benefits of CBD is that it can reduce pain and protect neuro-pathways. Studies also indicate that this magical compound can help reduce chronic pain, which is fantastic considering America is witnessing a serious and deadly opioid epidemic. To put things in perspective, we are now losing more people to opioids than from firearms or car crashes – combined. Cannabis can regulate immune functions and shows positive effects where neurons have been damaged, which makes it a safe and effective treatment for ALS, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and MS. CBD has also slowed down cell damage in diabetes patients and worked effectively to block progression of arthritis.
7. Weight Management As if CBD wasn’t already a home run, CBD also plays a positive role on our metabolism, and body weight regulation. In a published study in the scientific journal Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry CBD was found to: Stimulate genes and proteins that enhance the breakdown and oxidation of fat. Increase the number and activity of mitochondria, which increases the body’s ability to burn calories. Decrease the expression of proteins involved in lipogenesis (fat cell generation). Help induce fat browning.
8. Sleep Not sleeping can wreak havoc on your psyche and physique. According to the American Sleep Association, 50-70 million U.S. adults have a sleep disorder today. Evidence suggests that Hemp oil can improve quality of sleep and reduce anxiety. I can attest. One study found that CBD blocked anxiety-induced REM sleep suppression, resulting in better quality of sleep. Another study found that the oil reduced participants’ cortisol levels, which are linked to anxiety and stress in the body. When it comes to doses for treatment, Gunhee writes that CBD dosing experiments have shown that small doses of CBD have an “active” effect, meaning it actually helps you stay active and focused while interestingly, large dosages have the opposite effect: sedation.
9. Addiction One of the greatest benefits of CBD is in combating addiction. How ironic that we can use a compound belonging to a Schedule 1 Drug (marijuana) to stop the addiction of other narcotics. CBD is thought to modulate various neuronal circuits involved in drug addiction. A limited number of preclinical studies suggest that CBD may have therapeutic properties on opioid, cocaine, and psychostimulant addictions. One of the most promising application is using CBD to curb the habits of cigarette smokers. CBD can even be effective for the treatment of cannabis withdrawal syndrome and certainly helped me kick Xanax. Many of these could replace synthetic drugs that have flooded the market and allow patients and customers to use a natural non addictive plant compound as a remedy. “But then again, maybe that’s the exact reason why progress has been so slow … approval of CBD as a legitimate supplement and drug would be a significant blow to big pharmaceutical companies,”
Benefits of CBD Despite the political roadblocks, CBD has proven time and time again to be an incredible natural medicine for many illnesses.