A blog about getting and keeping your next great job by Candace Moody. Candace has appeared in the media to address employment issues and has written for the Florida Times Union for several years. She is an expert in career recruitment, training, assessment, and in the human resources field. She is the vice president of CareerSource Northeast Florida.
Stoicism is having a moment. The ancient philosophy started in Greece in about 300 BC. It spread to Rome and over the centuries has influenced many modern philosophers, academics, and entrepreneurs. It is the basis for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, a psychotherapy practice that helps patients become aware of inaccurate or negative thinking so they can view situations more clearly and respond to them in a more effective way.
The Stoics developed a system designed to help everyone live a happier life. If you’re going through a rough patch in your job or career transition, you can apply Stoic principles to help you cope. Here are some ideas to consider.
Stoics believe that emotions come from within, and they are controllable. The universe is basically indifferent; nothing that happens (good or bad) is aimed at you personally. It’s raining today as I write this. Rain is neither inherently good or bad; the stories we tell ourselves determine our response to it – and our resulting mood. If you had a picnic or outdoor wedding planned, the rain will make you miserable. If you own a farm that has gone through months of severe drought, you’ll feel joy and gratitude. But the rain remains indifferent to you.
If you can learn to experience human events as you do rain, you can learn to remain calm and resilient in the face of adversity. Marcus Aurelius wrote, “You shouldn’t give circumstances the power to rouse anger, for they don’t care at all.”
Stoics also believe that you don’t need material wealth to be happy; living a good life and being a good person is all you need. Things will come and go from your life; your circumstances can change at any moment. It’s easy to be envious of what other people have: a great job, a promotion, happy relationships, or 10,000 more Instagram followers than you. Envy is one of the most corrosive of human emotions, and it can make even people with many blessings miserable. Learning to love what you have is the key to happiness. Epictetus wrote, “Wealth consists not in having great possessions, but in having few wants.” Marcus Aurelius addressed envy and its cure: “Do not indulge in dreams of having what you have not, but reckon up the chief of the blessings you do possess, and then thankfully remember how you would crave for them if they were not yours.”
Stoicism teaches you that no one can hurt you unless you let them. In fact, the pain you feel comes from your cooperation with the person who has hurt you. Epictetus wrote, “It is not enough to be hit or insulted to be harmed, you must believe that you are being harmed. If someone succeeds in provoking you, realize that your mind is complicit in the provocation.”
Several great versions of this idea have emerged over the centuries. Eleanor Roosevelt said, “No one can make you feel inferior without your consent.” And one of my favorite quotes on the subject from the great philosopher W.C. Fields: “It’s not what they call you that matters, it’s what you answer to.”
Stoicism has been defined by many as having (or expressing) no feelings, but that’s not a fair representation of the concept. Being stoic doesn’t mean you feel nothing. Indian Author Abhijit Naskar wrote, “Being a stoic does not mean being a robot. Being a stoic means remaining calm both at the height of pleasure and the depths of misery.”
If you’re not happy with what’s happening right now, remember that this too, shall pass. In the meantime, take comfort in an ancient philosophy that can help you cope with modern life.
I’m always grateful to my readers – thanks for checking in and investing time in what I have to say about careers and success. This blog has been included in Careers Wiki’s list of best career blogs to follow in 2018. If this is your year to build on your success, you’ll find lots of other great writers to help along the way.
I never thought I’d get valuable tips from a book on how to have more success picking up women. One, I’m a woman myself and happily married, and two, success with women in that context) has almost nothing in common with success in business, right? Turns out, the principles are very transferable. Stay with me.
The social zone is four to twelve feet apart. This is the space used for public and casual social conversations. It allows others to enter into the group. It can be fascinating to watch people conversing in a group; they resemble fish in a school as they move in and out to make a comfortable space for new entries.
Sparks writes about coaching a friend who was struggling with entering groups when he met new people. “… whenever he tried to enter a conversation with a group of people, he still felt like the odd man out. This fear was confirmed as they physically shut him out of the group time and time again. Watching him, though, it was clear that they weren’t making him the odd man out — he was doing it to himself with nothing more than a half-step.”
Sparks goes on: “Everyone else in the group held a similar distance from each other — a friendly distance that we normally take when interacting with people with whom we’re comfortable. When Mateo approached though, he was keeping himself about a half-step farther away from everyone else.” This tiny half step felt safer to Mateo, but it allowed others to view him as an outsider and eventually, close ranks and push him gently out of the circle. They didn’t intend to slight him; the group was instinctively reading his body language and responding with their own unconscious movement.
Sparks advised Mateo to move in a half step – probably just six inches further into the circle – and the results were immediate. “Although the intimacy brought on by the added closeness felt scary as all heck to Mateo at first, it quickly became comfortable — not in the same “safe” way that it was before, but in the way it felt when he was with friends. He no longer got shut out because he no longer invited people to shut him out.”
Meeting new people is challenging, even scary, for many of us. We worry about acceptance, no matter how socially confident we appear to be on the outside. Our hesitance, hedging our bets against rejection, is actually causing the very rejection we fear.
Next time you’re working your way into a group conversation at a social or networking event, try stepping in just a few inches closer. You might be surprised at how much easier it is to connect with people.
If you try this, let me know how it felt – and how it worked.
First, some definitions. We often use the terms: embarrassment, guilt, humiliation and shame interchangeably. But they’re very different concepts.
Embarrassment is caused by something that makes you feel foolish in the moment: mispronouncing someone’s name, misspeaking in public, slipping on ice. But the moment passes, and you get over it pretty quickly. It’s a transient emotion because you realize that everybody makes a mistake like this sometimes.
Guilt is actually a useful emotion; it’s your conscience telling you that you’ve done something wrong. Your actions were not well-intentioned (or well executed) and you need to make amends. Guilt makes us better people.
Humiliation is inflicted upon us by others. It’s the feeling you get when someone calls you out in public, or points out a flaw in front of others for the purpose of making you feel bad. It’s cruel and unnecessary, and it feels unjust. Humiliation makes us feel bad in the moment, but it makes us angry too – you know you don’t deserve that kind of treatment.
Shame, on the other hand, is what you feel when you believe you deserve to feel bad. You didn’t just do something stupid; you are stupid. You didn’t just have a bad day; you’re unworthy and wrong. Shame is something you do to yourself, and it makes you feel isolated and miserable. Shame is almost never shared with anyone else, because you feel that no one can absolve you; you believe that they’ll be repelled if they really knew who – or what – you are.
Brené Brown says that our shame triggers come from our early experiences, often within our own family. Did your dad talk often about how “losers” act? Did your mom try to help you by pointing out your flaws or your weight gain? Did your classmates laugh at you for making a mistake in class? All these early imprints can create shame when something happens that reminds you of how you felt in those moments.
Being out of work can trigger all kinds of shame. “I’m a failure; my work wasn’t good enough for the company to keep me on.” “What kind of loser can’t provide for his family and has to depend on his wife’s income?” “This is just one more rejection in a series of rejections; my mom, my boyfriend, and now my boss.” “I knew when I took this job that I couldn’t handle it; now everyone knows how incompetent I am.”
Shame is corrosive; is eats at you until you believe you have no worth. Here are some of the descriptions of shame offered by the people Brown interviewed for the book:
You work hard to show the world what it wants to see. Shame happens when your mask is pulled off and the unlikable parts of you are seen. It feels unbearable to be seen.
Shame is feeling like an outsider—not belonging.
Shame is hating yourself and understanding why other people hate you too.
Shame is like a prison. But a prison that you deserve to be in because something’s wrong with you.
If you’ve ever felt shame about being out of work, you’re not alone. In future posts, I’ll talk about how to express empathy when someone is feeling shame and how to help build resilience.
2018 is going to be my year – at least according to Chinese astrology. I’m an Earth Dog, and February 16 was the start of the Year of the Earth Dog. The Dog symbol, as you would expect, is associated with loyalty and sincerity. “Dogs are loyal and honest, amiable and kind, cautious and prudent. Having a strong sense of loyalty and sincerity, Dogs will do everything for the person who they think is most important.”
If your career totem is the Dog, you probably feel great loyalty to your employer. It’s possible you’ve been in your job for a long time, working hard and asking little in return. In fact, according to one astrology site, Dogs are seen as valuable employees as they put their heart and soul into their tasks. They are easygoing and kind, and are always ready to alleviate the workload of others, which makes them very popular in their work circle.
It may also make them susceptible to exploitation; just consider all the dog metaphors in our culture – almost none of them are positive. If you “work like a dog”, you probably work hard for very little pay. Your employer may “throw you a bone” once in a while with an extra day off or a pat on the head. A competitive culture is a “dog eat dog” place. Not promising.
Woodrow Wilson once said, “If a dog will not come to you after having looked you in the face, you should go home and examine your conscience.” Dogs value relationships, and if you act like a dog in the workplace, you may find yourself giving in, even when you know you’re right, rather than risk hurting a relationship. You are willing to trade other kinds of rewards for security and a feeling of safety.
The problem with wanting security in your career is that it’s most likely an illusion. Business is business, and loyal dogs won’t be exempt from being laid off when the market shifts or the business strategy changes. That can make even a good dog want to take a bite out of someone.
Here’s how to channel your inner Dog this year for more success and happiness at work.
Play more. Even working dogs need to let their inner puppy run free on a regular basis. Make time each day to play more, run free, and roll in the grass. Be fully present in the moment and let everything else go. The work will be waiting for you when you get back to the office.
Develop your bark and your bite. People who read their kindness as weakness sometimes take advantage of loyal dogs. You’ll need to hone your guard dog skills to sniff out people with less than honorable intentions. Trust your instincts; when something or someone doesn’t feel right, show some teeth and give a soft growl. Let the bad guys know that you’re not to be taken lightly. Here’s a post on why intelligent disobedience might even be your best strategy.
Go for it – become the alpha dog. Dogs are cooperative and loyal to the pack. But after all this time, you have earned the right to try out for leader of the pack. This may be your year to lead a project, move into management, or start your own venture. It’s not disloyal to want a turn as the lead dog, and it’s not wrong to consider moving on if there are no prospects in your current company.
Everyone owes a debt of gratitude to all you clever, loyal, and giving dogs out there. Like your iconic heroes Rin Tin Tin and Lassie, you give much more than you take. So here’s a reward for you: a link to some funny dog videos . Enjoy.
Nick Foles is the man of the hour. A second string quarterback who took down the best quarterback and the best team of the decade in a Super Bowl shootout that was fun to watch. Plus, he’s an adoring father of an adorable baby girl. Who wouldn’t want to be him this week? But what I admire about him was who he was a couple of years ago. In many ways, he’s all of us.
Like almost all NFL players, Foles was an early phenome. As a high school player in Austin Texas, Foles threw for 5,658 yards and 56 touchdowns, breaking most school records previously held by Drew Brees. He also started on the school’s basketball team for three years, and winning MVP two of those years. He was recruited to play hoops for Georgetown, Baylor, and Texas. A Golden Boy. A winner. Drafted by the Eagles in the third round in 2012.
But time and luck weren’t kind. An Atlantic article by Alex Putterman written in late January describes him as a very long shot to lead the Eagles to victory against the Patriots. “Nick Foles, the quarterback who in 2013 carried the Eagles to the playoffs, then collapsed the next year, lost his job, and bounced to two other teams before quietly returning to Philly this season, mainly to hold a clipboard on the sideline. The Eagles were entrusting a playoff-bound team to someone who had thrown almost as many interceptions (20) as touchdowns (23) over the past four years.”
Foles had had a good year in Philly before the team decided to go in another direction and drafted their quarterback of the future, Carson Wentz. Being thrust unwillingly into free agency (in the real world, we call it ‘getting fired’) is a blow to your confidence, and Foles struggled in his next two seasons. He questioned himself, and it showed in his performance.
Putterman writes about Foles’ low points ruthlessly: “…this is the guy representing the conference in the Super Bowl? The guy who was benched by the lowly Rams in 2015 and could barely escape the sideline with the Chiefs in 2016? The guy who weighed retirement only 18 months ago? The guy who played so poorly in a Christmas-night win over the Raiders that home fans began to boo?”
Foles considered retirement. He took some time to think about what he really wanted and what would be best for his family. In an interview with ESPN, he said, “I had to take a week off when I was a free agent just to think about it, and it was the best thing that ever happened because I think people are fearful of feeling that way because they feel like they’re the only ones that feel that way, but everyone, we’re professional athletes and we have moments where we step back and think and assess everything in our life.”
Foles prayed and talked it through with his wife before deciding that he would come back, serving as a backup to the man who had replaced him on the team that had let him go. It was surely a humbling experience, in a role that has always fascinated me. Backup quarterbacks have to keep all their skills sharp. They practice and study just as much as anyone on the team. All in the hope that they never take a snap. In fact, all 65,000 fans in the stadium are hoping and praying he remains firmly on the bench. What must that do to someone’s ego?
During the Eagle’s great 2017 season and Nick Foles’ dark night of the soul, Carson Wentz tore his ACL , ending his season in week 10. Foles was thrust back into a starting role. He play; he wobbled; pundits predicted the Eagles had lost their chance at the playoffs.
An old sports adage says that competition doesn’t build character; it reveals it. And this crucible was what forged Foles’ true character. The Eagles, embracing their underdog status, made it into the NFC championship, dispatched the Vikings, and found themselves headed to the Super Bowl, heavy underdogs to the Perennial Patriots. And Foles and the Eagles pulled it off – a win for the ages.
After the game, Nick Foles said something that showed not only grace under fire, but also what all that humbling history had taught him. “I think the big thing that helped me was knowing that I didn’t have to be Superman. I have amazing teammates, amazing coaches around me. And all I had to do was just go play as hard as I could, and play for one another, and play for those guys.”
This is what humility sounds like. He understood that he was human; he’d failed. He’d been booed. He was able to give up the idea of being Super Man and could simply be a guy doing his best and working together with – and for – his team. Golden Boy shows us he’s grown into Golden Man.
Lily is one lucky lady to have a dad like that. She didn’t look all that impressed with his Super Bowl Victory, but I bet she’ll learn a lot over her lifetime from her Dad’s grace and character.
We spend as many hours each week with coworkers as we do with family, and we often forge relationships and share personal information. Sometimes, we must spend eight hours or more at work with someone who has experienced loss or is going through a period of intense sadness. Here’s how you can help.
Your first challenge is figuring out how much he or she wants to reveal at work. Some people need to feel supported by their colleagues, but others may find work to be the only place they can feel and act “normal.” Take your cue from your coworker; offer a brief expression of compassion (“I heard about your brother. I’m so sorry for your loss”) and let the other person take the lead. If you receive a brief thanks and a clear dismissal, let it go. She probably wants work to remain a neutral haven, someplace she feels in control.
Writer Sabina Nawasz, who in the course of one year, lost her brother, mother, a close friend, and six relatives, says: “Broadly speaking, there are two ways you can support a grieving colleague: doing or being. Mourners need both.”
It might sound counterintuitive, but if you really want to help, don’t ask how you can help. According to mental health experts, people who are suffering will find the idea of asking for help to be overwhelming. Instead, take action without asking. Buy a restaurant or coffeehouse gift card. Bring in healthy snacks or breakfast. Offer to take a shift or stay late. Jump in on a routine task like filing or sorting to make the work shorter.
Don’t expect much conversation or acknowledgment; that shouldn’t be necessary to your motivation. Your presence and help will make a difference in your coworker’s ability to cope and keep up with work during a tough time. And your gift of healthy food may make be the best – or only – nutrition he gets during the day.
If you find your coworker is willing to talk about what she’s experiencing, there are some pitfalls to avoid. Monica Torres, writing for The Ladders, interviewed a psychologist who says that common bromides like “it will get better,” and “everything happens for a reason” simply make people feel bad for feeling bad. Likewise comparing something that happened to you. Torres writes, “Everyone’s loss is unique, and comparing your war story to your coworker’s’ is not empathy because it does not acknowledge their unique pain.” She quotes grief therapist Dr. Patrick O’Malley: “This is their story, not yours.”
Amy Gallo, writing for Harvard Business Review, says when a coworker breaks down and cries, you have several options, but ignoring the tears is not the best one. “What specifically you do — offer a tissue, ask what’s wrong, give a hug, suggest a walk outside — will depend on your relationship, how long you’ve worked together, and the office culture. The key is to engage, and let the tears flow.” Simply closing the door or blinds and sitting quietly with someone while they cry may be the most empathetic response you can make.
Be aware that sorrow may linger or reoccur long after the immediate event. The anniversary of a loss, or the upcoming holiday season may bring up sadness. If someone is struggling with emotions at work and you’re not sure of the cause, start with simple empathy. “I’m so sorry you’re feeling bad. What do you need right now?” Time, space, or simply your presence might help, even if there is no cure for what they’re feeling.
A post from Dan Schwabel’s Personal Branding blog inspired this post. Read the original guest post by Wendy Brache here.
The Theory of Social Proof states that people assume the actions of others reflect correct behavior for a given situation. When in doubt, look around you and do what the people at the next table are doing. Most of us do it, and it works most of the time. You probably won’t make a monkey of yourself in any given situation. But you’re not locked into it. What would happen if you became the social leader?
Here’s a common scenario: You walk into a room where a business presentation will be delivered in a few minutes. People file in quietly, find a seat with plenty of empty space around it (we Americans love our personal space.) They begin to read the materials at their seat quietly and carefully. When someone new takes a seat at their table, they glance up politely and then go back to perusing their materials. The hush in the room is palpable; suddenly, we’re all shy ten –year-olds again on the first day of fifth grade.
What if you didn’t do that? You can create your own version of social proof by smiling, even laughing, and starting a lively conversation as you take a seat. Declare (or demonstrate) that your table is going to be the fun one with the smart people. Success breeds success; people will be drawn to you. It’s the same principle that draws you into a busy, noisy and cheerful restaurant – and makes you pass up one that’s empty and quiet.
Scientific experiments have determined that when someone’s perception or experience with something is ambiguous, the participants will rely on each other to define reality. If I say that an object is moving at a certain speed, and you’re not sure how fast it’s moving, chances are you’ll come to accept my judgment and make it your own.
Think about that for a minute. If you’re not sure what’s happening, chances are you’ll rely on others to help you decide. Is this worthwhile? Is that guy smart? Are we having fun?
Our emotions – both short and long term – are really just stories we tell ourselves about what we’re feeling. When a toddler learning to walk falls down, she’ll first look to the adults in the room for confirmation. If you jump up with concern and rush to ask her if she’s hurt, she probably will be. If you laugh and say “That was funny – do it again!” she’ll laugh and pull herself up. She will believe either story.
I’m about to give a big presentation, and my heart is pounding. My hands are sweaty and I feel like I’m attached to a live wire. I’m either terrified (story #1) or I’m more excited about this opportunity than I’ve been in 5 years of public speaking (story #2.) Same feelings, different interpretation.
At work, there are times when each of us looks to another person for social proof of what’s happening here. Is this an opportunity or a threat? How sure are we about the outcome? What does it mean?
You can be the one to say what’s happening. Isn’t this exciting? I can’t wait to see what happens.
You have a choice in every moment. You can follow, or you can lead.
Seth Godin invests a lot of thought into what makes a workplace great. He recently posted a piece on what he considers to be five essential roles on a team. He writes: “Each one matters, each is intentional, each comes with effort, preparation and reward.”
He goes on to say: “I’m not describing job titles, I’m describing a posture. When you decide what to do next, that decision reveals your sense of what’s the next best contribution you can make.”
Here are Seth Godin’s Five Contributions. Which one describes the work you’re best suited to do?
Leader: The pathfinder, able to get from here to there, to connect in service of a goal. Setting an agenda, working in the dark, going new places and tackling unknowable obstacles.
Manager: Leveraging the work of others, coordinating and completing, with a focus on taking responsibility. The leader can set an agenda, the manager makes the countless decisions to ensure it gets completed. It’s been done before, but you can do it better.
Salesperson: Turning a maybe into a yes, enrolling prospects in the long-term journey of value creation.
Craftsperson: Using hands or a keyboard to do unique work that others can’t (or won’t).
Contributor: Showing up and doing what you’re asked to do, keeping promises made on your behalf.
Some people may believe that these contributions come from innate qualities – you are what you are from the moment you determine what your work will be. But there’s also a pattern of natural progression for someone new to their role or their team.
You start out as a contributor. Watching, learning, filling in the gaps where the team needs a steady and reliable volunteer. You gain experience, both through your successes and your mistakes, and you learn how valuable – and rare – reliability is.
As you gain a skill, you become a craftsperson. You find your niche. Your years of deliberate practice pay off, and you become valued for the work you do (in addition to showing up, being fully present, and keeping promises.)
Next, you develop a true passion for the mission or the work, and you serve in the role of salesperson. There are two kinds of salespersons: the one who can sell anything, and the one who can only sell what she truly believes. If you’re not a true believer, you probably move from this contribution quickly.
As you learn what it takes to make a project successful, you move into a manager role, organizing contributors and craftspeople. Eventually, you have the opportunity to become a leader.
Where are you today? Are you contributing at your highest level?
Author’s Note: Right after I scheduled this post, Wal-Mart announced the closing of 63 of its Sam’s Clubs, which was bad news and bad timing. Some of the locations will be converted to distribution centers, but thousands of workers will lose their jobs or be offered jobs at other Wal-Mart-owned sites. (Wal-Mart has a long history of making sure workers move into other opportunities.) Although it’s perfectly logical to close underperforming stores or change business strategy, it was a puzzling PR decision to have both actions hit the national media on the same day. I decided to leave this post intact because I believe that the raising of the starting wage is a positive trend and hope the investment in retail workers is picked up by other national chains.
Tax Reform legislation in December reduced the effective corporate tax rate to 21% from 35%, a move that was often derided as tax relief only for the wealthiest. Many commentators ridiculed the return of Reagan-era “trickle-down” and “supply-side” economic theories, which advocate reducing taxes on businesses and the wealthy as a means to stimulate business investment in the short term and benefit society at large in the long term.
No less than Pope Francis weighed in on the evils of the theory in 2013:
‘Some people continue to defend the trickle-down theory. This opinion, which has never been confirmed by the facts, expresses a crude and naive trust in the goodness of those wielding economic power.’
Ann Lowery, writing for the Atlantic in December, wrote that one of the “7 Myths of the Tax Reform Legislation” (number 3, in fact), was that “Cutting the corporate tax rate will lead businesses to give raises to regular workers.” She writes: “Plus, of the money going to workers, much of it would flow to managers and executives, not minimum-wage or average employees.”
On Thursday, January 11, Wal-Mart, number one on Forbe’s Fortune 500 with revenues of $485.9 billion, announced that it would raise starting pay to $11 per hour for all its U.S. employees and hand out one-time bonuses. (The current starting wage is $10 an hour.) The retailer employs 1.5 million workers in the U.S.; the raises take effect in February.
Wal-Mart joins a list of over 100 companies that gave bonuses or raises to workers after the legislation was signed on December 20. According to the Washington Examiner, “The number of companies offering employee bonuses, pay hikes, and increases in benefits in reaction to President Trump’s December tax reform victory is now over 100, with thousands of workers impacted and charities too. Less than a day after Americans for Tax Reform put out an initial list of 40, it jumped to 52 as more company plans poured in.”
“Wal-Mart Stores Inc. said it would raise starting pay to $11 per hour for all its U.S. employees and hand out one-time bonuses as competition for low-wage workers intensifies and new tax legislation will add billions to the retailer’s profits.
The giant retailer is the largest private employer in the world with 2.3 million employees, including around 1.5 million in the U.S. Its current starting salary in the U.S. is $10 an hour after workers take a training course. The new wage increase will take effect in February.
This is the third U.S.-wide minimum wage increase at the company since 2015 as it works to improve its 4,700 U.S. stores while investing heavily to compete with Amazon.com Inc. online.
The company said the salary change would add $300 million to its annual expenses and it expects to take a $400 million charge in the current quarter for the one-time bonus. The amount of the bonus will vary based on length of service, reaching up to $1,000 for an individual with 20 years of service.
The retailer, which had nearly $500 billion in global revenue last year, is expected to get billions in savings from the tax overhaul, which lowers the U.S. corporate rate to 21% from 35%. Retailers have had one of the highest average effective tax rates because much of their operations are U.S.-based. Also, their industry has done little manufacturing or research and development so they don’t benefit from deductions on those activities.
“We are early in the stages of assessing the opportunities tax reform creates for us to invest in our customers and associates and to further strengthen our business,” said Wal-Mart Chief Executive Doug McMillon in a release.
With the additional expected profit, Wal-Mart is considering investments in “lower prices for customers, better wages and training for associates and investments in the future of our company, including in technology,” he said.”
Good news for retail workers, with, I hope, more to come as companies complete their assessments and make financial forecasts based on the new tax rates.
Author’s Note: Right after I scheduled this post, Wal-Mart announced the closing of 63 of its Sam’s Stores, which was bad news and bad timing. Some of the locations will be converted to distribution centers, but thousands of workers will lose their jobs or be offered jobs at other Wal-Mart-owned sites.
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