WASP (World’s Advanced Saving Project) - 3D Printers
WASP (World’s Advanced Saving Project) was created in 2012. A project focused on developing 3D printing and that finds its roots in the world of Open-source, trying to give and put into circulation know-how and tools. WASP manufactures solid professional printers with the aim to encourage sustainable development and in-house production.
As usual, WASP could not miss the Maker Faire, which will take place from Friday 12th to Sunday 14th October at the Fair center in Roma.
WASP has always been extremely sensitive to the ceramic theme, in recent years has increasingly focused its research on fluid-dense materials as something of big interest in 3D printing field.
Padiglione 8 STAND i01
During the Maker Faire 2018 it offers a demonstration on the potentials of digital manufacturing techniques used in the realisation of ceramic sculptures. Many sculptures, each one accompanied by explanatory banners describing the production process and the materials used. An educational path that accompanies visitors, allowing them to understand the many working possibilities of 3D clay printing.
This year we present “Testando”, a live sculpture performance of the illustrator Luca Tarlazzi. For the occasion, with the help of the WASP team, Tarlazzi will transform a 3D model into a sculptural work thanks to additive manufacturing. During the three days performance he will create a 3d-printed ceramic sculpture, with post-production interventions. Luca will show the world how innovative and traditional techniques can coexist, intertwining in a work of artistic value.
Also the workshops dedicated to the small visitors of the fair won’t miss, including “I lost my mind for 3D printing”: the WASP team will accompany the children in a printing path of small clay sculptures.
Starting from the 3D model of the heads of some fictional characters, small sculptures will be realized in order to see how speed the new DeltaWASP clay is. Each child will be given a sculpture to customize through the addition of small details (beard, hat, mustache …). In this way they will learn how to intervene on the 3D printed object in post production using ceramist’s tools (spatulas, mirettes, sponges, etc.).
Here the useful links for the trip to Shamballa Event! https://www.3dwasp.com/viaggio-a-shamballa/
The event page, where you will find the program and the logistics.
Always take this page as a reference, if some things were to be changed at the last moment, it would be the first to be updated.
On the page, you find the program divided into days and the conference on day 1.
We remind everyone that on the evening of Saturday 6 we will entertain you with music and fun, you are all invited.
The event is open to all, without reservation, except for the workshops on day 2. For those, it is good to register.
These are contemporary to openness to the public, always free.
Another useful link is the Facebook event https://www.facebook.com/events/223990601802704/
Report your presence here to help us understand the number of participants. The event is also used for logistical updates, event requests, and for getting to know each other.
The video trailer, useful for spreading the event and making invitations.
Unveiling the new WASP house 3D printer | Event 6-7 October 2018 | Viaggio a Shamballa - YouTube
The collection of videos from the Gaia shipyard, to follow the evolution until the day of the presentation
Il progetto WASPhortus si propone di esprimere le potenzialità della stampa 3d applicate al campo della coltivazione idroponica per generare orti verticali adatti alla produzione di ortaggi in ambiente domestico.
Ogni torre è composta da quattro moduli interamente stampati in 3d con Delta WASP 3MT. I moduli sono facilmente assemblabili e lavabili ed accolgono complessivamente 64 piante da orto. La coltivazione si basa sui principi della coltura idroponica, in cui l’apparato radicale degli ortaggi viene irrorato di acqua, arricchita con sostanze nutritive compatibilmente con i cicli vegetativi.
L’unicità nella forma di ogni singolo modulo, permessa dalla tecnologia di stampa 3d, consente la corretta irrigazione di tutte le colture impiantate e il continuo riutilizzo di acqua all’interno dell’invaso centrale. Il modulo di base viene, infine, rivestito esternamente da una sagoma circolare, interamente stampata in 3d attraverso miscele di calce-cemento e caratterizzata da profili superficiali curvilinei integrati alla fase di estrusione.
Wasp Hortus | hydroponic system - YouTube
WASP Hortus è un modulo per coltura idroponica
stampato in 3Dcon Delta WASP 3MT
con materiale PP
On the occasion of the “Viaggio a Shamballa” event and the “A call to save the world” conference, WASP presents Gaia, a case study of 3D printed construction using the new Crane WASP technology with natural materials from the surrounding area. The Italian company’s commitment, since its origins in 2012, has been constantly aimed to the development of equipment for additive manufacturing on an architectural scale and the inauguration of Gaia represents an important milestone, also in light of all the researches conducted in the 3d printing field, in the design and materials study, researches that, in 2015, have allowed the realization of the 12 meters BigDelta WASP 12MT.
Gaia, a new eco-sustainable architectural model designed and built using the 3D printer called Crane WASP.
Unveiling the new WASP house 3D printer | Event 6-7 October 2018 | Viaggio a Shamballa - YouTube
A new eco-sustainable architectural model
Gaia, whose name is due to the use of raw soil as the main binder of the constituent mixture, can be considered a new eco-sustainable architectural model with particular attention to the use of natural waste materials, coming from the rice production chain and oriented to the construction of particularly efficient masonry from a bioclimatic and healthy point of view. This research was also possible thanks to the collaboration with RiceHouse.
“The Vespa Vasaia Is Our Development Model, A Perfect Approach To Building Low Cost Houses With Zero Kilometer Natural Material”
Natural materials and bioclimatic aspects
Gaia is a highly performing module both in terms of energy and indoor health, with an almost zero environmental impact. Printed in a few weeks thanks to its masonry, it does not need heating or an air conditioning system, as it maintains a mild and comfortable temperature inside both in winter and in summer.
For the realization of Gaia, RiceHouse supplied the vegetable fibers through which WASP has developed a compound composed of 25% of soil taken from the site (30% clay, 40% silt and 30% sand), 40% from straw chopped rice, 25% rice husk and 10% hydraulic lime. The mixture has been mixed through the use of a muller, able to make the mixture homogeneous and workable.
in collaboration with
From design to construction
The bioclimatic project by RiceHouse takes advantages of the passive contribution of the sun thanks to its South West orientation where a large window is positioned to optimize natural light, but in particular is centered in the stratigraphy both in the roof, made of wood with an insulation in lime+chaff (RH300), both in the lime+chaff screed, light but thermal that allow to reach an energy requirement equal to a class A4. The monolithic wall printed in 3D was then finished internally with a shaving clay-lamina (RH400), smoothed and oiled with linseed oils.
The external casing, completely 3D printed on site through the Crane WASP, has been designed with the aim of integrating natural ventilation systems and thermo-acoustic insulation systems in only one solution. The deposition of the material based on raw earth, straw and rice husk is controlled through articulated weaves able to confer at the same time constructive solidity and geometric variation along the entire wall development. The versatility of the computational design is in fact made possible in the construction practice thanks to the precision and speed of the 3D technology, obtaining complex geometries, difficult to replicate with the traditional construction systems. It took 10 days for the realization of the 3d printed casing, for a total of 30 square meters of wall whose thickness is 40 cm and the total cost of the materials used is € 900.
Possible developments and scenarios
On the basis of the data experimented with Gaia, it is possible to concretly conceive new economic scenarios in which one hectare of cultivated paddy field can become 100 square meters of built area.
Gaia experience offers the opportunity to divulge the multiple potential that 3D printing can express thanks to the world agricultural resources, guaranteeing a minimum environmental impact in addition to infinite design solutions, essential in
a new living frontier vision
Project: Gaia Inauguration: 6-7 October 2018 Location: Via Castelletto 104, Massa Lombarda (RA) Design: WASP In collaboration with: RiceHouse 3d printer: Crane WASP Surface: 20 sq.m. Printed casing: 30 sq.m. Total cost of materials: 900 € Materials: Raw soil, straw, rice husk, lime. Construction time: 10 days Total cost of materials: 900 € Materials: Raw soil, straw, rice husk, lime. Construction time: 10 days
CADOrtopedia tells us how they printed a prosthesis for Mr.P
Today we’re pleased to present you a case study of a member of WASP Med team, a work by CAD Ortopedia with a patient amputated on the leg.
The work is an interesting application of 3D printing in the creation of a leg prosthesis, with a peculiar mixed technique between traditional and digital.
“Mr.P, transfemoral amputated, presents various issues in his actual socket. For this reason, his movement possibilities are compromised: painful zones of hyper pressure, zones discontinuity, that lead to an important variation in terms of volume and dimensions of the stump during the arc of the day.
Acquiring of the shape, correction and realization of the prosthesis
His stump has been scanned with the help of a structured-light metrology scanner. The data has been elaborated with the software by our informatical technician and orthopedic technician.
Suddenly we went on with the prototyping of a trial socket in PLA, a very thin one and with just two shells, so super light. This socket presented also holes in all the shape, allowing in the measurement phase a more accurate and proper evaluation. Starting from this analysis we developed a socket in silicon that followed the modifications and the fixtures studied thanks to the 3D printed product.
With this approach, the issues expressed before went reducing in the days, and eventually the disappeared completely. The walking has definitely improved and the stump is visibly more tonic.
Considerations on the process
This experience is interesting because today there isn’t a real tested method for these kind of situations. Usually the problem is solved realizing a lot of different trial sockets that are modified until you don’t get to the solution. Clearly this method required a lot of time and work for the measurements and the tests.
The use of 3D printing and scanning reduces a lot the time of measurement, production of the socket. Also the PLA being easily thermoformable helps a lot in the adjustments.
Finally part of the work is done by the machine and not by a person, saving time for the production and focusing the attention of the technician in the phase of the test.”
Each year, only in Italy, almost 2000 cranial prosthesis are realized for operations of cranioplasty.
These operations, complex for their nature, are remarkable for an high failure percentage typically due to the raw manual techniques of realization of the prosthesis.
Today with additive manufacturing we already can create custom prosthesis. Even if some structures in Italy already have them in use they are still a weak solution for their costs and time not appropriate for the operating room.
Here is were enters the work of Dr. Villiam Dallolio, a neurosurgeon based in Lecco, Italy.
Since 1999 he’s been experimenting to reduce the distance between 3D printing and Neurosurgery.
An indirect process
The key point of the process developed is in the radical change of approach.
The idea is not fabricating directly the prosthesis with the 3D printer, with unsustainable costs and times, but thinking of a system that allows designing out of the operating room in an optimized process concluded by the realization of a scaffold(negative).
The starting point is a TC of the patient that can be translated with appropriate software in an high-fidelity 3D model. From here starts the modeling of the cranial prosthesis(positive) thanks to systems of mirroring and joining. In this phase we can think about the integration of some features. One example is the predisposition for the metal tabs. Another is designing a shape that can fix the muscular atrophy typical of many clinical cases.
From this shape, we model out the scaffold(negative) in which the material with be cast.
The scaffold, in certified material, is sterilized in the autoclave during the operation and allows the casing of bone cement. The strength of the system is the maintenance of the exact shape designed with the CAD.
Advantages of the system
With this method, the operation is faster and reduces a lot the risk of unfitting for the prosthesis thanks to the superior digital design.
The final material is bone cement that maintains all his wonderful properties, it’s easily available and already respects all the certifications.
The aim of the work is to replace gradually all the obsolete system today in use with this convenient technique that would radically improve the approach in the operations of cranioplasty.
Today Dr. Dallolio’s team is already providing the possibility to create cranial prosthesis with digital designing with the use of 3D printers and negative molds in silicone. Clearly is something not comparable to the convenience of the system described above, but is an half way.
Perspectives are wide and interesting, most of all because this kind of system would be suitable for every kind of implantable bone prosthesis, not only the ones for the skull.
The scaffold system is opening up to a whole new scenery in the surgery of tomorrow.
Lelio Leoncini marks again a standard in the digital corset
2018 could really be the year of the explosion of 3D printing in the orthopedical field.
A lot of professionals are starting to work, reinventing their work in the direction of digital fabrication.
However there’s someone marking the road of the innovation, this one is Dr. Lelio Leoncini that since 2014 is experimenting and creating digital solutions in his field of competence: physical medicine and rehabilitation.
Since then together a deep friendship and collaboration started with WASP and brought to great results.
In 2016 the web went crazy for this video showing the first generations of 3D printed corsets created by Dr. Leoncini, an unexpected application for 3D printing at the time.
With his peculiar determination and creativity, in these years the idea of creating new solutions for scoliosis has become each day more concrete and credible and taking shape in the creation of the Digital Orthopedic Laboratory.
Above all the main innovation has been the developing of the polypropylene.
The turning point of polypropylene
Who fabricates orthopedic corsets knows well how important is the material used. The consistency that defines the corrective pushes and the resistance that prevents the object from breaking. Not least the possibility to work on it easily.
In these years the research on the right material hasn’t been easy: every solution, compared to the polypropylene traditionally in use was too rigid or too flexible and always too fragile.
A fragility that you can’t afford when realizing an orthesis that has to last years.
A long work that featured TreeD filaments, Dr. Leoncini and WASP brought to a radical turning point: the polypropylene.
Who works in 3D printing knows that for a long time this material has been considered “impossible to print” decently due to its peculiar behavior during the deposition and for the difficult adhesion to the bed.
In time a lot of plastic producers tried to develop their version of the material with compositions that made it easier to print but with disappointing mechanical performances comparing to the injection molded.
The real result has been that usually people tried to replace it with materials familiar to the world of 3D printing(ABS, nylon, PLA) settling for the offered solutions.
In 2017 from a long experimentation a new material was born, a real polypropylene developed by TreeD filaments that in the tests was found to be at the same time compatible with the printing and ensuring mechanical performances up to 95% similar to the injection molded polypropylene.
Even if it’s not in the category of “easy-printable” materials is now possible to create stunning stuff.
Furthermore, it allows the professionals in the world of orthopedy to work with a familiar material, robust, easy to finish, just good.
New busts for impossible cases
Another field of research was designing at 360° over the traditional limits.
Thanks to digital fabrication it was possible to create custom solutions to patients with more complex situations for example corsets with very complex shapes or with the necessity of support even in the head.
The 4 column scannin system has demonstrated to be the best way of acquiring anatomies for children, for people with difficulties in breathing, for the ones with compromised moving.
Everyday these technologies seems to open up to new applications.
By the time the tools and the knowledge are moving forward fast. Every year printing time reduces and the quality of the products increases.
Today many professionals working in orthopedy are getting close to the world of digital fabrication, a world that attracts and has a lot of space for experimentation.
The hope is seeing in next years the results of the long work that is creating a culture of the new technologies in the world of orthopedy.
This is surely a challenge but one that is worth accepting.