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The last battle fought on US soil was, arguably, the Aleutian Islands Campaign, which took place during the World War II, in the year 1942. Japanese Expeditionary forces landed on the islands of Attu and Kiska. However, if you define US soil as including “US territories” then the Philippines Campaign (1944–45) might be considered the last war fought on “US soil”. The wars that have occurred in our homeland have been the American Revolution (War of Independence), the War of 1812, the US Civil War – which I will challenge later, The Spanish-American War and there are disputes as to whether the Mexican-American War or the French and Indian Wars (as well as other colonist-native disputes) are considered ‘wars’ at all. We will leave that to the pundits.


So war at home has really been the stuff of movies for the past several generations.

As Preppers it is one of the things we may consider within the realm of possibilities. We certainly all prepare for a loss of the rule of law in emergencies, immediately perhaps, long-term possibly. And preparing for a war has similarities with preparing for any emergency situation, whether caused by man or nature. We consider it an important step toward staying healthy and as comfortable as possible during an unexpected event. As a result a wide range of specialty supplies are available, but the simplest supplies are often the most versatile in a life-threatening situation. Hopefully this simple guide can help you find out which supplies are essential in the event of a war on yours or our home soil.

Basic Supplies

Food and medicine are nonnegotiable supplies if you need to shelter in place. Food supplies can include a variety of nonperishable items, such as rice, beans and legumes, flour, cornmeal, and canned goods. If you use a rotating system, you can easily begin building your food supply without worrying about the food expiring or going bad before you use it.

To rotate food supplies, simply purchase the things you normally buy in bulk quantities, and continue purchasing the food on a regular basis. Use the food according to its purchase date to prevent spoilage. Some types of food, such as freeze-dried meals, have an extremely long shelf life. Choose freeze-dried food if it is in your budget, and store it in a secure location that is cool and dry to preserve it for an emergency.

Bug-Out Bags

Bug-out bags are backpacks,or a similar bag, that are packed with essential supplies, allowing you to easily grab the bag and go if you need to leave home in an emergency. The bags should contain food, water, medicine, clothing, and personal supplies, such as prescription medicines or an extra set of prescription eyeglasses. It should have a 72-hour supply for each member of your family/group.

To make the bag lighter and more portable, opt for high-calorie food options that have a longer shelf life. For instance, two-thousand-calorie bars can be lifesaving when you are on the move.

Make sure you have extra ammo packed in your bug-out bag if you plan on taking a gun with you. Extra 22lr ammo is a must-have if you want to live off the land by hunting for smaller game like rabbits, and squirrels.

Investing in water purifiers for each person is also recommended.

Water Purifiers

Water-purifying straws are lightweight, long-lasting, and completely portable, making them ideal for your bug-out bags. The straws allow you to drink directly from almost any water source without worrying about contaminants – as long as you read and follow the directions. Most water-purifying straws have a removable filter that allows you to easily reuse the straw for an extended time.

To make the straws last longer in a survival situation, add an extra filter for each purifying straw to each bag. The filters are small and lightweight to make them easy to carry in your backpack, and each one can provide dozens of gallons of clean water. You can also use water-purifying straws at home.

Always Be Prepared

Building your bug-out bags and emergency supplies is an important step toward preparing for any emergency, even a civil war in America. Food, water, medical supplies, and plenty of ammo are the basic supplies you need for a long-term survival situation on home soil. Add to this planning, and an understanding of the situation, which will be harder than it sounds. We are down to few, if any, reliable sources for “news” as it is, in our normal world. Now imagine a SHTF civil war where misinformation is everywhere. Every person with a ham transmitter can set and spring traps for those trying to gleam even a little intel on the situation, safe places and supply sources. In some aspects the movies and TV shows do reflect the reality that will come to pass, except for the fact that their main characters always survive.

One of my favorite books about the reality of war is Normal Mailer’s “The Naked and the Dead”.  A great read, a dose of reality in a glamorized world.

Now, About That Civil War (Editor)

The very definition of a “civil war” is that it is a war to change the government of a country, a war, by definition, between citizens of the same country. By this definition the War Between the States was a civil war. However, the South did NOT fight to change the government of the country as a whole or in any state NOT a member of the Confederacy. It fought to succeed its members from the United States and form a separate nation. Right, wrong or indifferent it was not a civil war but a separatist war, and while many will write this off as “splitting hairs” it goes to the very core of KNOWING history and LEARNING from history.

The South had a singular guiding principal – to save and continue their economic model, period. Throw all the sugar coating and spin on it that you want, THAT was their singular purpose. The North, represented by Lincoln, also had a singular goal – to preserve the union at all costs, period, which was also an economic purpose. Many fought on both sides for their own reasons but these were the opposing models that could not be negotiated into an acceptable compromise, resulting in 600,000 Americans dying on American soil to preserve the union. As students of history you most likely already knew this, as a student of history my life experience has been that “lessons learned” is more an oxymoron than a reality and we suffer as a result, and my whole reason for splitting this hair. Stepping off the soapbox now.

Follow The Prepper Journal on Facebook! …and have a safe St. Patrick’s Day!

The post How to Survive a Civil War in America appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

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Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: A guest submission from Valknut79 to The Prepper Journal. The next Prepper Writing Contest Award is coming! As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as being entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

Home security has become a major issue in my life. Last year, I detailed my experience of having a near break-in for this website , and since then, I’ve done quite a bit more learning about how to set up our suburban stronghold for emergency situations.

I’ve hired a consultant to meet with me, talked with friends in the military and made friends with a police officer to pick his brain, and this is what I’ve come to learn about the world of creating a safe stronghold for now, and for after the SHTF.

First, your home must be safe, but it also needs to be livable, and affordable. Livable in the sense that, yes, it would be safer to build a home with no windows, but it would also be impossible to sell when the time comes to move, and few people would be able to live happily in that kind of environment. It’s obviously better to build your home out of steel, with bullet resistant glass windows, cameras throughout, and traps set for any unknown bad guys, but that’s financially impossible for the vast majority of individuals.

That said, I repeat, your home must be safe. The easiest way to make it safe while still making it livable is to create designated zones throughout your home and your property that have different levels of inherent safety. We’ll start from the highest security level and work down to the lowest, documenting some, if not all of the considerations that you’ll want to have.

Level 1: The Panic Room

Let’s say that a gang of well-armed thugs breaks in to your home, with the intention of not just stealing all of your stuff, but with the intention of harming you and your family. Where do you go? This area of your house is the “panic room” or the “dying room” – the place where you feel most prepared to defend the safety of your family, where the only way that your attacker is getting to you or them is over your dead body.


A panic room should be located centrally within your home, on the ground level, preferably in a location that has only one point of entrance – through the door you entered through – with no windows. Since this is a room that you’ll likely only use in dire emergency, you need to have a weapons cabinet, and some kind of furniture that you can use for cover. Minimal supplies are needed: some water and some first aid, maybe a snack. If you’re stuck in the panic room for long enough to require more than that, you’re probably not going to make it out at all.

Having some form of quick communication is important in this room. If you have a landline phone, make sure that this room is a part of your network. If you have nearby family members or neighbors you trust, you can set up a pair of walkies-talkies that would allow you to get the word out about your safety. Have a backup cell phone with battery pack for a final option, but that can be iffy – it’s true that any cell phone, even ones that are not current with a network, can call 911 for emergencies, but poor long-term battery storage and longer load times for starting up the phone, as well as limiting basement signal strength can be problematic.


The door is the most defining feature of this room. As all of my consultants and new friends pointed out, interior doors are not meant for anything other than being a screen for privacy. A quality exterior door, while it may look really out of place, takes up almost the same amount of space, and provides ten to fifteen times the amount of protection. To install this, you might need a handyman if you’ve never hung a door, and it may require some slight reconfiguration of the beams near the door to accommodate the slightly larger size, but the safety boost is substantial. Installing a quality lock will buy you precious minutes as you prepare for your final stand. There’s quite a bit more to doors in the next section, but suffice it to say that a standard interior door make of plastic and foam is not going to keep anyone out.

Our panic room is where we keep our safe, our weapons, our file cabinets of important paperwork, and some of our in-home water storage, but nothing else. This needs to be a place that is reserved for emergency, or it may fall into disrepair.

Level 2: Your Home

The remaining areas of your home are your second level of defense – an area where you are well-defended, and have some strong safety features, but where you can still conduct your daily life. Because the interior of your home is where you’re going to spend the majority of your time away from work, it must have substantially better security and defense features than your backyard and immediate outdoor surroundings (Level 3) or your wider outdoor area or neighborhood (Level 4).

As your home will be your primary defense from not only a human attack, but also from storms or other natural disasters, it is essential that you maintain your home’s structural integrity. Three tasks should be taken on with regularity: a formal inspection of your home’s siding and roofing, an energy audit, and thorough maintenance of trees and other obstructions.

The inspection will identify areas where your siding or roofing needs repair or replacement, and, if you get a very good inspector, he can assess the property for potential hazards like areas where flooding could occur. Fixes here are not cheap, but the fact is that very few people have their homes inspected after purchasing them, and as homes change over time, there is value in updating the knowledge of how well your home is doing, and how those repairs you’ve made are holding up.

The energy audit will help to identify cost-savings opportunities for installing power-saving features (new lightbulbs, insulation, windows or doors), but perhaps just as importantly, it can identify areas of leakage around your home – tiny holes that will likely go undiscovered by inspectors which can turn into major issues, such as allowing pests into your home, or where ventilation that is supposed to direct fumes away from your property instead deposit them back into your home in the attic or into your utility room. When we had our energy audit, we were able to identify that the dryer hoses that were supposed to point to the outdoors had slipped out of place, allowing our moist air that was supposed to discharge out to partially discharge in between our walls, causing water damage to the inside of our drywall. We were also able to finally plug the two mouse holes that were underneath our siding, allowing the vermin in.

Finally, the maintenance of trees or other outdoor obstructions future-proofs against a storm that could take out your trees and deposit them on your roof. Doing annual maintenance is significantly easier than replacing the bones of your house.

Smoke detectors, a carbon monoxide detector, and some fire extinguisher complete your basic disaster prep.

In addition to protecting from damage, you must also protect from the human element. The basic defense against intruders is a strong set of doors and windows. Your home is not a bank safe, and this is not a movie scene where the robbers will try to drill through the sides. Intruders will want to enter through the front or rear doors of your property, and will use windows if they want to be stealthy. They’re not going to drill through your home’s siding.

For your front door, make sure it is a solid wood, wood or fiberglass door, and ensure that it has a good lock, deadbolt and latch. Some of the latches your can purchase from stores are metal-coated, but platic on the inside, so getting something heavy is ideal, even if you have to pay more.

In addition to the locking mechanisms, you can purchase metal plating that you install on your doorframe that can help reduce an intruder’s ability to kick in your door. The wooden frame will break under stiff, sudden pressure, but a properly installed metal frame can make that nearly impossible.

It’s possible to purchase horizontal bars that you can install on the interior of your door that you can hide next to your door, and install in an emergency that would prevent the door from opening inwardly, although this may be better suited to use only in your panic room, as it looks a little out of place in a traditional home.

In addition to a solid locking system, I think that a large peephole is a must. There is a newer style of peephole available in which the apeture on the inside of your home is about two and a half inches wide, while the exterior peephole is obscured using mirrors. You can see everything more clearly, at a wide angle, so you can more easily identify who is outside at your door. Video doorbells are an option for today that certainly has a certain “cool factor,” but these are of no use in a grid-down situation, and they can be hacked. The advantage of using them for now is that potential intruders will not know if you’re home or not, as you can answer your door without opening it from any location using a phone app.

A sliding patio door is significantly less safe than a French door system, which would be ideal. It’s possible to get locks for the top and bottom of patio doors, as well as the much less secure handle lock. In addition, you may wish to get a thick wooden dowel rod that sits in the well of the opening door to prevent opening. It won’t stop someone from breaking through, but the noise that causes makes it a bad choice for most burglars.

All of the securty on your door is likely overkill, but makes your home a fortress. Once an intruder figures out that they can’t get in, then they’ll go for the next point of entry – your windows. These are significantly less easy to defend than your door, but you can get some basic security features that can go a long way. First, invest in good windows. Newer windows make it difficult to open them from the outside, often come with quality built-in locks, and multiple panes of glass that can make them slightly more difficult to break. This isn’t much defense, but it’s something. It’s also possible to install a shatterproofing film on your windows, and this is recommended for any ground floor windows. Again, it won’t make much of a difference if someone truly wants to break in and cause harm, but it should provide a little more defense, and outside of barricading or boarding up your windows, there’s not a lot more you can do to protect them.

If you live in a hurricane or tornado zone, you probably already have suitable window coverings that you can fit on in case of a storm. If you don’t live in those locations, fashioning these might be something to consider in an SHTF situation. If nothing else, blackout curtains that you can hang from your interior windows to mask the occupants does provide a substantial amount of privacy if you don’t want others to know if you’re home, how many people there are, or what you’re doing in your home. If you have backup power during an outage, for instance, these may allow you to enjoy a normal life without alerting the neighbors to the fact that you have electricity.

Once the basics are taken care of, invest in a security system.

Before purchasing a security system, do a basic assessment of your home. If you wanted to break in, where would you do it? Count the number of windows that are accessible from the ground level, and any in your backyard that can be reached from a ladder. Add one for every door to the outside, including your patio door. This is the number of sensors you’re going to need, along with an alarm.

Installing your own security system is a breeze. Mount your alarm in a central location. It’s just a matter of matching up your pieces and screwing them into the doorframe or windowsill. You connect them to a central monitoring system, whether it’s a smarthome setup or a specific device designed to control the setup. An app on your phone should take care of the rest.

Using a security system does require vigilance. It’s easy to forget that it’s there, and forget to arm it when you leave. Of course, it’s also possible to forget to disarm it when coming home, and be welcomed into your house with a loud blaring siren. If this happens too often, you may decide to avoid using the system all together. That said, the most important part of the security system is not the setup, but rather, the sign that comes with it. Yes, this is a blatant advertisement that you’ve installed something to lookout for when breaking into your home, but if you were a burgular, you’d likely avoid the homes that went through the effort and instead target the homes without a system at all. If you know that you’re not the type to follow through with the arming and disarming of the security system, then the sign at least is quite helpful.

Should you install a camera system? That is something that each reader will have to decide for themselves. First consider that installing cameras throughout your home that are wired to a central monitoring device is a much more substantial project than the security system. Of course, there are wireless cameras, though these can be hacked, and many transmit the images they take to the internet, which is something that I never feel safe with. Some systems have professional monitoring, in which someone is possibly looking in on what you’re doing inside your home. Aside from that, when I wrote a piece on having my home potentially burgularized earlier this year, I had a camera setup that caught a decent view of the perpetrators faces, and the police couldn’t do very much with those images – unless someone is murdered, it is unlikely that your local police will use facial recognition software or a criminal database to identify your attackers. That said, a camera mounted in a high spot along your roof could be a very strong deterrant for would-be burgulars, and you can use cameras very easily to identify any attackers who are breaking into your garage, shed or other outbuildings on your property.

Level 3: Your Immediate Area

The immediate area around your home is a space that is, by nature, difficult to define. For our family, in a suburban home that is fairly well spaced out, we’ve decided that this area is essentially our backyard. Other families may decide that this is too wide or a net, or too small, depending on what areas of your property you and your family decide to use.

Why choose the backyard? This is where the majority of our family’s long-term preps are held – our gardens (for growing new food), our garage (where camping supplies and bug-out bags are stored), our rain barrels (for extremely long-term water storage), our grill and firepit (for electricity-free cooking and heat), and our root cellar (for storing what we grow but cannot immediately eat). Other families may have some livestock areas that they wish to include, or outbuildings like a greenhouse, shed or guest house that they may wish to include in their Level 3 protection area.

Defining the Level 3 area is based on which areas of your property you could limit yourself and your families’ movements to in case of emergency. If we needed to stay home without leaving, we’d use the inside of our home and our backyard – there’s no need for us to go anywhere else in dealing with common emergencies, so long as we can stay at home. We could tend to our gardens, find water, cook food, have access to all of our essential supplies, and our daughter could play in a relatively safe environment.

What makes this environment safe?

We are meticulous about putting away tools. A screwdriver, knife or power tool left out could make a weapon for an intruder. A ladder that is forgotten and left outside could tempt an intruder to try a second or third floor window – one which you may not have protected with your security system, and which you can be less vigilant about locking, especially if you frequently open it to enjoy a breeze. If an intruder decides that they are going to try and break in from a level 3 area of protection, then they will not find what they need to make their job easier on my property.

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The Prepper Journal by Guest Contributor - 4d ago

Written by Guest Contributor on The Prepper Journal.

Editors Note: Another guest submission from Michael Everett to The Prepper Journal. Get ready – the next Prepper Writing Contest is coming! As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as being entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

Camping allows you to exercise, re-energize and enjoy yourself away from your busy and stressful schedules. A psychical connection with nature helps to relax your mind and heal the body. Most campers will agree that you’ll have the best experience if you eat healthy. Are you ready for a camping adventure? You shouldn’t compromise your eating habits while at the campsite. You can be outdoors for a weekend or several days and still eat healthy. The basic advice is to plan well before leaving.

Planning ahead will ensure you eat healthy and maintain a healthy body. You don’t want to lose or gain unnecessary weight just because you were camping. Here we are giving you some simple ideas to make your camping easy and fun.

Create A Plan In Preparation For Camping


Planning before the actual camping will ensure you have everything in place on the camping day. First, consider the number of days you will outdoors. Next, consider the foods in your diet. Then write a menu. Some people might see this as unnecessary, but it’s actually quite necessary. When writing the menu, including all the foods that you require and those that can be carried outdoors. And exclude ALL the foods that tend to “not sit well with you” even when you are home and have access to multiple bathrooms.

Precook Your Meals


Take some time to precook your food at home before your travel. Precooking your meals will save you time when you are away. You’ll also have flexible time to enjoy the campsite rather than cooking. Remember you want to relax, stay cool and enjoy yourself away from home. In this case, you will realize that precooking your meals will make a very big difference.

Depending on the nature of the camping site, you may have limited access to utensils, cooking supplies and even a reliable heat source. Apart from saving you time and stress, precooking your meals will also help you to maximize on the nutrients. You can include nutrient-dense foods in your diet. Better foods will make getting that campfire smell out of your clothes and gear easier.

When precooking your meals, use can use the right recipes, create your own spin that’ll ensure you include enough nutrients in your meals. At home you will have sufficient and ample time in your kitchen, better equipped no doubt, than any forest or campsite. Try to include various foods from all food groups in each meal. These food groups include protein and dairy, fruits, grains and vegetables. Perishable foods can be included in your meals, but remember to use a dependable fridge or cooler. Alternatively, you can vacuum seal perishable foods, refrigerate them properly and consume them at your leisure. Your food can be kept in the tent safely to prevent damage by mice. However, if you are bear country, then food storage and preparation take on a new and significantly different meaning.

Carry Some Snacks


A camping trip includes fun activities that require you and other use more energy. Hiking, swimming, mountain climbing and outdoor activities all require extra fuels for the body. You can pack some snacks in preparation for the extra nutrition needed. You can shop for some nutritious snacks to include in the diet. Another idea is to make homemade snacks and carry them along. BTW, any trail mix that does NOT include M&M’s is a poser. Just the normal snacks that you prepare at home can be carried for the outdoor event. The common fruits like pineapples, watermelon, grapes, pears and apples can be sliced and packed ready for the camping adventure, and most come dried. You can also think of things like celery and carrots when making snacks. The idea is to make nutritious snacks that will give you enough energy during the camping adventure.

Make Sure To Include Fiber 

Some of the foods that people tend to prepare and carry to the campsite have little fiber. Foods like processed meat, packaged snacks and campfire treats have low fiber. You should consider fiber in your meals to prevent constipation, especially when camping. When precooking your meals and making snacks, remember to include good sources of fiber such as whole grains, vegetables and fruits. If you want to avoid fresh fruits, you can pack dried fruits. Each serving should have enough volume of fiber to help you prevent constipation.

Manage Calories In Your Meals And Snacks


Some foods might have high-calorie content while others have low-calorie content. Very high-calorie content is usually not healthy because it might cause an unwanted spike in your blood sugar as well as that undesirable increase in body weight. On the other hand, very low calorie “rabbit food” might not give your body the needed nutrients. Dried fruits and nuts are good sources of both fat and protein. All the foods that have been suggested in this article are good for a healthy diet. But it is good to be aware of the calorie content in your packed meals. Your foods should have ideal nutritional value to make your camping adventure fruitful.

Remember To Stay Hydrated Throughout The Camping Adventure

Keeping your body hydrated is always good. During hot summer months you should hydrate your body sufficiently but don’t be fooled by colder temps, colder is drier in most places and fluid loss is always present. Staying hydrated will curb your hunger in between meals and promote all of your normal body functions. If the temperatures are very high, you will want to hydrate your body more. Water is the best source for body hydration. Other good sources to hydrate your body are electrolyte-rich sports drinks  and juices. If possible carry sufficient water to the campsite and avoid high-sugar drinks because they will increase unnecessary calories in your diet.

Final Thought On Eating Healthy While Camping

When planning a camping trip, don’t just neglect your eating habits. Remember you need enough energy for the camping activities. As you may have noticed, there is a ton of nutritious meals as well as snacks that can make your camping enjoyable and healthy. Simply plan your meals in advance and consider the nutritional value of the foods you require to stay healthy throughout the camping season. Remember to rely on a campfire to stay warm while camping. Are you ready for camping? Prepare some healthy meals and make the event memorable.

Author’s Bio:

Welcome to Rainy Camping. I am Michael Everett, a camping expert who loves to travel and explore the wilderness throughout the year. I aim to visit every campsite in the world and offer smart advice to the novice adventurers out there.

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Written by R. Ann Parris on The Prepper Journal.

One of the things that has made us a successful species is our ability to wield fire. Getting a fire started and variations to make them efficiently and specific to purpose have huge benefits in survival settings and off-grid, no- or low-power scenarios.

Some of the information out there gets used and passed along without a lot of consideration to the conditions, though. I think sometimes we’re just looking for a DIY or a “craft”, especially if we’re on a tight budget, and don’t really test or think it through before we go whole hog. Sometimes we’re overlooking something even more compact or versatile. Sometimes, having two parts to a whole still separated has a lot of value.  And sometimes, I rarely even see the most effective helpers mentioned.

Candles v. Waxed Dryer Lint

One of the things I see constantly is using dryer lint (and makeup pads) for fire starting. It regularly makes me crazy. It’s just that it’s not the be-all fire starter – alone, or with the addition of wax – that it’s made out to be.

Hey, I have some. Bags, front seat of truck, grill kits. Plain lint can be enormously helpful for catching a spark … if you also have other tinder ready and waiting.

The lint (and cardboard) catch first. Lint is a smoldery or flare-up catch, depending on your laundry. The amount and type of cardboard used around the lint extends the burn time a little.

They don’t actually burn long enough to “catch” charcoal, arctic stove bricks, or most kindling sticks, especially in wet or windy weather. You still largely need a feather stick, twisted wads of paper or cardboard, dry grasses, or hen-of-the-woods innards – the same tinder sources you’d use to nurture a spark or match if you didn’t have any handy fire starters.

It’s largely a waste of wax and time to make the “better” versions – where you pack an egg carton or muffin cups with your dryer lint and then pour melted candles, paraffin, or beeswax over them. Those versions are actually even tougher to get started with strikers, paper matches, and Bics, too.

You’ll have a lot more success getting fire helpers like wax cakes and the wax-dipped makeup pads started if you scuff them up good before lighting, even if they’re in cupcake wrappers or egg cartons or combined with cotton strings trimmed from clothing or used garden twine that are supposed to be helping you there.

I guess if you used a big chunk of the egg carton, not just one lobe, it would catch kindling directly. That’s not exactly portable and it requires a big stash of egg cartons for your doomsday or autumn-spring wood stove.

You can improve them – enormously, into something that will burn longer and hotter. Just add some wood shavings, fine chips, sawdust, or some pine cone bracts to the dryer lint. The thin wood is tinder, and dry pine cones are some of the best tinder-kindling to be had.

Even so, skip the wax. You don’t actually need it and it can get messy. Just smoosh it all into TP rolls or egg carton sections with your dryer lint, or snag small pine cones and wedge dryer lint into the gaps.

If you’re dead set on waxed versions, make doubly sure they’re in tight-sealing plastic baggies if they’re in your vehicle.

I carry un-waxed versions, but I also use tea lights and birthday candles a lot for campfires and bonfires. Those “gag” candles that don’t actually go out are a goldmine for a backpack and pill bottle kit.

My candles will typically burn long enough to dry out even damp tinders and kindling without issue. If it’s particularly damp and wet, if I’m particularly rushed to get a fire going, I’ll use both, a candle and a backup or emergency fire starter.

It’s just faster and easier. Plus, they’re a more versatile option.

If I need to be under a quickie shelter, I can still use my candles inside a can or a jar – for cooking, to very effectively take the damp or chill off a small space, for light. I can also use a match to light a tea light or birthday candle, and then light others from that stronger flame.

You lose those options when you melt your candles or paraffin into disks of tinder helpers.

Cotton, Vaseline & Foil

I like “foil fire nuggets” a lot. Again, it has to do with versatility. The petroleum jelly dipped cotton doesn’t run in our heat, and it doesn’t evaporate as fast or as much as hand sanitizer or stove alcohol. You can control how big a hole you create, and how much you pinch out, which affects how big of a flame you have – which impacts how long each burns for.

The foil provides “handles” for moving them, and can be shaped to help protect them from a draft or to reflect light one way or another. The foil also gives you a somewhat “safe” zone around your “candle” that increases the times and places it can be used.

They’re nice for starting fires, and they’re also nice as “candles”. Because they’re small and contained, they’re suitable for times you’re in a small shelter without a lot of room. Stick them in a metal or glass bowl or cup, and you can have light for 3-5 minutes.

They’re not as effective as something like a votive or 4-6” emergency candle for burning off some of the damp and warming a tiny space, but if you make them with two or three balls instead of just one, or set up a couple more, they have applications for getting inside and set up or drying out tinder and kindling.

Now, if you’re inclined to soak them in hand sanitizer, I’d say hold off. You can carry the two parts separately and just combine when ready. I’m also not high on waxed versions of cotton balls or tampons – again, unnecessary steps (and mess), more costly ingredients, single-purpose items, and the scuffing-up step before you use them. Without the foil, they also burn too fast to dry or ignite many kindling.

Oddball Fire Starters

If you’re looking for something else to help your fires along, check out your kitchen cabinets and the packets available at fast food restaurants and hotels when you get coffee.

I by total accident discovered that grits are enormously flammable when I sneezed and spilled half a tub across a flat-top electric stove. The grits hit the still-hot stove, and while the little isolated and single-layer bits just glowed and cindered and extinguished super fast, the grits that landed in lines and lumps went up like I’d been scraping magnesium. Some of the dials were actually deformed from the heat

(The glass stovetop recovered from this misadventure like a champ.)

The other oddball I pretty much never see is powdered coffee creamer. It comes courtesy of Mythbusters.

The “B” (better) team were doing one of their tests of viral videos, seeing if you really could create an enormous mushroom cloud with a sawdust cannon, and tested other whoosh! options. Carrie (I believe) tested coffee creamer.


Creamer has benefits. It’s also a little scary. (Test this after it rains, peeps.) Like the magnesium rods we can scrape to add oomph to our sparks, powdered creamer is a flare-up kind of helper.

To say that a little goes a long way is an understatement. You only need a little bit at a time to help you – like, fractions of teaspoons amounts, especially if this is getting added to the surface of dryer lint.

Upside: This means a little jug goes a very long way. You won’t need much in each various kit, which makes it suitable for even tiny pill bottle or Altoids kits. It’s even less-expensive than grits, and even more resistant to damp surfaces while you’re making fires.

I cannot overstate the need to not have this blowing around dry grassy/leafy areas, your bag and tent, your hair if you use alcohol-containing products, or if the air is swirling and this might end up back in your face. Also, add fire to your creamer; do not be the many morons on YouTube who light fires and then pour the creamer on.

If you’re inclined to make those drinking straw kits, please be very conscientious of the fact that you use fire to melt the straw ends closed.

Feather Stick

One skill absolutely worth mastering, that will save an enormous amount of time and effort in starting a fire – and reviving it if it falters – is a feather stick. By peeling up curls of wood, you create kindling and tinder with excellent “catchability” and oxygen flow. You can also benefit by exposing the inner wood, which can be much dryer than small kindling sources after days of rain or snow melt.

You can make them out of whole raw sticks and branches, batoned branches, split logs, or pieces of junk timber and dimensional lumber. They’re pretty easy. Just remember the general safety rule of cutting away from yourself.

Parting Tip: Bring a Briquette

Keep 2-4 charcoal briquettes in your car kit, camping and kayaking kits, and your packs. Keep a tin of them handy for your rocket stove or fire pit. They weigh nearly nothing and they take up less space than those egg carton sections people love.

To use, stash one under your kindling with your tinder, inside your teepee or frame. You’ll need the tinder and kindling to get them going, but once you have, they generate a great deal of heat, and stay hot for a while.

Combined with a tin can, they can also help us carry fire from one location to another, or through part of a day. They can be used to help dry out kindling and smaller fuel wood, or to revive a fire without striking more sparks or matches. That’s especially useful if we’re out-out and we need that fire, when our hands are shaking (or mittened), in wet and windy conditions, and while we learn the nuances of banking a fire for the night.

Fire Starters

Getting a fire started can be a big advantage, but it’s really only the tip of the iceberg. How we build and feed that fire, where we position it, and what we combine it with impacts its effectiveness for heat, for cooking, and for signaling. Changes affect how long that fire will last, how much smoke it produces – and where that’s blowing – and how high the flames are reaching. In some situations, we’re also controlling how much light it gives off; looking for brightness, or limiting the visibility of the flames and-or the smoke.

Especially if we’re counting on fires when we take to the hills or for wilderness accidents, we need to know what is and isn’t actually going to work. So practice the whole process, dusk to dawn, not just sparking tinder.

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Editors Note: A guest submission from Dan Chabert to The Prepper Journal. Since I went through the “thrill” of moving this past week this seemed like information worth sharing. As we work to stay in shape for life in general and for a world in turmoil here are some tips for addressing those nagging pains that affect us all.

As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as being entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

Back раіn іѕ a collective nаmе for various bасk соmрlаіntѕ. Mаnу people suffer from back problems. Do you also suffer from your bасk? There are a numbеr of thіngѕ уоu can dо to relieve уоur bасk pain.


With bасk раіn уоu саn often find it dіffісult to fаll аѕlеер. Often уоu dо not knоw how tо lіе down. Yоu mау be in a vісіоuѕ circle. Bесаuѕе you are sleeping poorly, your bасk раіn fееlѕ worse, a viscous circle. A bad sleeping position саn also aggravate the раіn. Trу tо lіе down оn your ѕіdе with a ріllоw between your knееѕ to kеер the ѕріnе in a neutral роѕіtіоn. Thіѕ way уоu rеlіеvе the pressure оn your bасk. Do you рrеfеr to sleep оn your bасk? Then slide a pillow under your knееѕ. Alѕо a sturdy and comfortable mattress is a must.


Dіd уоur mоthеr аlwауѕ ѕау thаt you hаd to stand up ѕtrаіght аnd not hаvе to ѕіt down lіkе thаt? Shе was rіght! A lanky аttіtudе is bаd fоr уоu. Eѕресіаllу іf уоu hаvе bееn slipping fоr a long time, behind уоur computer fоr еxаmрlе. Sіt up straight, kеер your ѕhоuldеrѕ relaxed and еnѕurе thаt уоur bоdу is ѕuрроrtеd bу the bасk of thе сhаіr. Kеер уоur feet flаt on the flооr. It can work wonders.

Painkillers and Muѕсlе Relaxants

If уоu suffer frоm bасk pain, you mау want tо consider tаking pain killers. In аddіtіоn tо paracetamol, уоu аlѕо hаvе pain kіllеrѕ with an anti-infаmmаtоrу and fеvеr-reducing effect, саllеd NSAIDѕ. These аrе anti-inflammatory раіn-kіllеrѕ. But these аrе not ѕuіtаblе fоr еvеrуоnе. Fіrѕt ask your doctor for advice bеfоrе уоu start this. Do not expect that the  bасk раіn іѕ about іt, it only rеlіеvеѕ the раіn. In ѕоmе саѕеѕ it mау аlѕо bе that a gеnеrаl рrасtіtіоnеr prescribes muѕсlе-relaxing medications.

Strengthen Your Muѕсlеѕ

Phуѕіоthеrаріѕtѕ саn tеасh уоu hоw tо ѕіt, stand аnd move іn a wау that іѕ bеѕt for уоur bасk. They саn also lеаrn your еxеrсіѕеѕ thаt strengthen your back muѕсlеѕ. Sеvеrаl studies ѕhоw thаt improving ѕtrеngth, flexibility аnd еndurаnсе in the long term rеduсеѕ back раіn.

Kеер Moving

In the past, dосtоrѕ often gаvе advice tо kеер bеd rеѕt with bасk pain. But nоw they know that lying down іѕ оnе of the worst things you can dо. It can еvеn aggravate the situation. Dо nоt rеѕt mоrе than a day оr two. It is important to kеер moving, but not tо force anything. Exercise is one of the mоѕt effective ways to quickly recover frоm back раіn. Eѕресіаllу ѕроrtѕ ѕuсh as swimming, hiking and yoga.

Iсе and Hеаt

With a bасk іnjurу оr inflammation it саn help tо рut ісе on thе раіnful аrеаѕ. Trу thіѕ a few tіmеѕ a day fоr uр tо twеntу mіnutеѕ. Alwауѕ рut a сlоth bеtwееn уоur ѕkіn and ісе tо prevent thе ice frоm frееzіng оnto уоur ѕkіn. After a fеw days ѕwіtсh tо hеаt. Thе hеаt rеlаxеѕ your muscles аnd promotes blооd сіrсulаtіоn. A hоt bаth оr a hеаt plaster (they still make these?) саn also hеlр tо rеlieve the pain. Nеvеr sleep wіth a hеаt plaster as thеѕе саn саuѕе burns (see, they should stop making these!)


It wаѕ already known that mаѕѕаgе оffеrѕ a solution fоr muѕсlе tension and muѕсlе раіn. Recent rеѕеаrсh shows that a daily massage frоm approximately tеn mіnutеѕ еvеn hеlрѕ prevent inflammation іn muscles. Thаt іѕ why it is аlѕо a gооd wау to recover frоm аn injury. Every professional sports team, including all those at the college level ;-), has massage therapists on staff who travel with the teams as this is considered the best physical therapy to keep muscles working at peak performance and to avoid injuries so it makes sense it is also a great treatment for back pain.

Author’s Bio:

Dan Chabert – Writing from Copenhagen, Denmark, Dan is an entrepreneur, husband and ultramarathon distance runner. He spends most of his time co-managing home sites like Contractorculture, That Sweet Gift, Borncute, health sites such as Runnerclick, Nicer Shoes and The Gear Hunt. He has also been featured on runner blogs all over the world.

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We always hear about survival knives for preppers and survivalists but we rarely hear about combat knives for preppers.  A survival knife is meant to be able to get you through every task you would want a knife for in the wilderness.  Usually a survival knife would be good as a combat knife as well but the big issue is that it can’t really be concealed effectively.

There’s no substitute for a gun but you simply don’t know what you’re situation will be.  The two big advantages a knife can have over a gun is that they’re quiet and knives are less likely to fail.  In a SHTF situation someone could sneak up on you and you might be more valuable to them alive than dead.  For instance, they might want to know where your supplies are hidden.  In this instance you’re essentially a hostage and if you’ve got a gun pointed at you and you have to drop your weapons you’d be much better off having a concealed weapon on you.

You could also be in a situation where things are just starting to unravel in society and things are looking grim but you don’t overtly want to be carrying a weapon.  The possibilities where you need a last resort weapon are endless.  The fact is you just don’t know what situation you’ll be in.  Anything can happen.  All I know is that I’d rather have a weapon of last resort on my person than not have one.  I love military history and it is littered with examples of last resort weapons, generally daggers.  It doesn’t matter at what age through history we’re talking about, whether you were a Roman soldier, a Samurai or a modern day soldier, they always had a weapon of last resort.

Concealed or Not Concealed?

A knife like a bowie knife was very common on the frontier as a fighting knife.  In fact, that’s what bowies were designed for, as a fighting knife.  The problem with bowies is they can’t be concealed easily unless you are wearing a lot of clothing.

Sun Tzu who wrote The Art of War had this to say about warfare – “All warfare is based on deception”.  The ancient Greeks also knew this with the Trojan horse.  A concealed weapon is a necessary deception. I would do whatever it takes to protect myself and my family. A concealed weapon in times of trouble to me is a necessity.

We know from Special Forces whether they be military or special police forces all over the world, they often wear a boot knife as a last resort weapon.  We also know that potential assailants can overlook the fact that you have a concealed weapon.

Size of the Weapon

Size does matter.  If you are in a life or death situation and you’re an innocent person, a victim, I have no sympathy for the perpetrator and if it’s either your or your family’s life on the line or the perpertrators, I know which one I’d prefer.

A small bladed weapon might not do enough damage for you to survive.  If you’ve got a small 2-3 inch blade it could take several attempts to do enough damage for you to be safe.

Combat Knife Options for Preppers


Push daggers – also known as a punch knife.  Instead of a normal handle that you’d see on a knife, you get a handle shaped like a “T”, that handle is perpendicular to the blade allowing you to punch with the knife instead of thrusting.

Boot knives – Usually a dagger as opposed to a single edge knife which is attached to the boot.  Daggers have been popular as weapons since the start of warfare.

Karambit  – a small highly curved blade.  Perfect for slashing.

Neck knives  – a knife that is hung around your neck and can be concealed under your shirt, especially if you’ve got a couple of layers of clothing on.  Neck knives have been used by Native Americans, Vikings and more recently by Mors Kochanski, the granddaddy of bushcraft.  Most neck knives only have blades of a few inches which makes them less than ideal as a combat knife.

My choice is absolutely the boot knife.  Its blade is long enough, it’s concealed in an area where most won’t look and it’s easily accessible.

The other big benefit of having a boot knife if you’re a survivalist and out in the woods and you lose your knife or your knife breaks you’ll always have a decent blade on your person.  Most don’t carry a decent blade in their Altoids tin because there isn’t enough room.  At best you’ll have a small pocket knife.  If you are in a survival situation and for whatever reason lose your main survival knife, I’d rather rely on a decent fixed bladed boot knife than a small pocket knife.

Obviously every state has its own laws regarding concealed weapons but if the SHTF no one cares about laws, why should you?  We overestimate humanity in that we believe that we’re somehow above animals but without the law to keep people in check, behavior will quickly deteriorate and our animal instincts will kick in

Do preppers and even survivalists need a weapon of last resort?  I believe so.  It’s an inexpensive insurance policy.  It doesn’t take much skill to wield.  Yes, that comment will make some people angry who believe they have exceptional knife fighting skills but in a real life situation you have the quick and the dead.  Either you’ve wielded your weapon or you’re potentially dead.  It’s very difficult to block a knife if someone is attacking you.

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Editors Note: Another guest submission from Cody Jarrett to The Prepper Journal. Some good points for prepping for all kinds of weather. As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award like Cody, as well as being entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

Camping in the rain doesn’t have to be a miserable experience. If you plan on going camping in the UK, there is always a good chance that it’s going to rain. In this article, we’ll share our 10 tips on camping in wet weather to help you make the most out of your camping trip regardless of the weather conditions.

What to bring:


A tarpaulin is ideally the single most essential item to bring when planning a camping trip, as it can be a total life saver. Think in multiples! You want to have at least one large sheet of tarpaulin that you can place over the tent, so that in case of a downpour, you pitch it with ease; and an additional one to place underneath the floor of the tent for the extra waterproof protection.


The tarp also has a variety of other useful purposes, such as creating a sheltered space for firewood, bikes, and camping chairs. You may also use a tarp to set aside a rain-free area close to your tent for other camping activities, which can be super handy as it gives you the freedom of enjoying everything you had planned for in spite of the rain.


Groundsheets serve as your ultimate line of protection between you and the soggy ground. For this reason, be sure to have one with you, ready. Aside from serving as an extra level of defense against the soggy ground, the groundsheet will effectively insulate the tent floor, providing you with a much warmer night’s sleep.

Ensure that the groundsheet underneath the tent matches the size of the tent’s floor. Keep in mind that if you use a larger groundsheet, it will retain rainwater, leading to undesirable funnel effect.  Have the ends of the groundsheet folded away underneath the tent floor to secure them properly.

Another key benefit of having a groundsheet is that it can be pitched perfectly on a smooth foundation, and the floor of the tent will in turn be more comfortable to sleep on.


Although a gazebo is not on every camper’s list for possessions to bring along, it can be quite essential when roughing it out in the wet wilderness. As large waterproof structures, they offer ample space to roam around, relax, and set up a table camping style, while you smugly listen to the sound of the pattering rain nearby, thereby avoiding getting soaked in it. Modern gazebos are also very easy to install.



When it comes to camping, especially when the weather forecast doesn’t look so good, a few extra blankets wouldn’t go amiss. Extended rainfall can lower the air temperature substantially and raise the humidity levels. As such, you’ll want to wrap yourself up in a toasty, dry sheath come night time. With a few blankets, you will get the cozy camper feeling, which makes listening to the rain an enjoyable experience.

Waterproof Footwear and Clothing

From the first instance, the waterproof clothing you wear should be both lightweight and breathable, with fully loaded wrist cuffs, taped seams, and adjustable hoods to keep the rain out. Your kit should cover the basics such as waterproof trousers, waterproof jacket, and waterproof boots, and if the temperatures are too low, have a fleece and a base layer.

Keep the waterproof ratings of each of your kit’s pieces in mind, since they’ll come into play if you do find yourself in the shower. Anything that goes beyond 5,000 mvp of breathability and 5,000 mm of water-proofness should keep you well ventilated and securely watertight.

Avoid putting on cotton clothing as these soak up moisture rather than wicking it. It’s also recommended that you bring extra waterproof clothing, which should be safely stored in plastic bags, just in you accidentally get wet and need a change of clothing or gear. So, before you set out on your trip, you should reproof any old waterproof trousers, jackets, or boots to power up the coatings using wash-in or spray-on water-proofers.

Emergency Rain Ponchos

You need to have rain ponchos for you and the rest of your cohorts in case you need to get out of the rain. Wear them when you’re setting camp too, to keep you dry, keep your waterproof gear intact and prevent getting drenched.

Plastic Bags

These are some of the cheapest, most compact, and most versatile tool out there, so make the most out of them. You can ideally get them from any shop selling anything under the sun, for a price that’s next to nothing. They also pack away brilliantly, and take up negligible amount of space. You can essentially use the essential items to stay absolutely dry including extra clothing, gear, books, bedding, etc.

Dry Bags

These are the pricier and more sophisticated alternative to the regular plastic bags. As waterproof sacs, you can use them to store anything from laptops to wallets in order to keep them safely from moisture. The key advantage with dry bags is that you can reuse them endlessly, and they are a bit kinder on the environment compared to the normal plastic bags. They also generally feature straps, clips, and draw cords to secure your items perfectly.


Newspapers can be used as a drying medium for stuff that might get wet despite your best efforts. You can use newspaper to stuff any damp socks or shoes to speed up the drying process and have them dry much faster.


Lighting is a must-have feature on any camping trip, and particularly so if you pitch your tent under an overcast. The gloomy skies will leave little light to show your way. You can use a hand-held torch to explore the outdoor environment, a headtorch to shine some light as you pitch your tent, or even lanterns to light the camping space up for eating, reading, etc.

Cords and Ropes


These are a necessary multi-purpose tool when you’re out in the wild, especially in rainy weather. You’ll find them quite useful if you’d like to hang a few sheets of tarp to build separate rainproof shelters, or if one of your tent’s guy rope accidentally snaps from the pressure of the bad weather. As a rule of thumb, always bring a few extra ropes and cords for contingencies. 

Additional Tent Pegs

Before leaving, ensure that you have extra tent pegs with you. They’re largely inexpensive, and can be your guiding savior in case you lose one of the regular ones in the swampy ground. You can also use them to fasten the tent more strongly so that your tent can withstand the strong winds. 


If it’s raining heavily, you’ll naturally be less inclined to go for long voyages outside during your trip. So, it’s better to have alternative forms of entertainment to keep you occupied and satisfied. Bring some magazines, books, chargers, music players, a deck of cards, board games, and anything else your comrades will appreciate and enjoy throughout the trip.


It’s a great idea to throw in some reproofer in your camping backpack. You need to reproof your gear and tent before you head out camping, but it never hurts to have it handy in case of an emergency. If you find that your waterproof trousers or jacket is leaking in water, a quick recoat can save it from disuse.

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Editors Note: A guest submission from Brian John to The Prepper Journal. Time to start prepping for swim suit season. As always, if you have information for Preppers that you would like to share and possibly receive a $25 cash award as well as being entered into the Prepper Writing Contest AND have a chance to win one of three Amazon Gift Cards  with the top prize being a $300 card to purchase your own prepping supplies, then enter today!

As preppers our most important tool, and our single point of failure, is ourselves and the shape we are in so many people have been wondering whether boot camp is an efficient way to shed off some weight. You may be one such person and that is why you are looking for information about this topic. There are a lot more, only that you will never hear them talk about it publicly.

Boot camp fitness can be equated to military training (though the editor recalls being called things in military boot camp that no paid instructor would dare say). The grunting and sweating which soldiers do experience while sprinting and jumping is probably the best way to get rid of some calories. The exercise is not always meant to determine how much torture one can sustain but rather meant to gain some fitness which includes losing weight.

In the same way, boot camp draws a lot from the military training. The concepts of interval workouts that are followed by the exercise of slower paces apply to both boot camp and military training. The boot camp will also equip you to be fit, hardy and acquire the necessary shape, body size and form that will be useful if you are thinking about dry camping.

Is Boot Camp Effective in Losing Weight?

Can you imagine that it has already been proven that boot camp is the best way to lose weight compared to the routine gym? The former is known to help in losing fat and calories within a short duration. Doing away with too much fat in the reservoirs is all that is needed for weight loss.

The fact that your muscles are allowed to work by themselves without any machine supporting the body makes boot camp more efficient. More calories are burnt as the core muscles are engaged.

Video: The Workout

Activities to Undertake During Boot Camp

Not all activities undertaken during a boot camp are efficient when it comes to shedding off the extra pounds. You need to only focus on the most efficient activities in order to get it right.

These activities are:

Cardiovascular Activity

The step to losing weight starts by identifying boot camps that have programs that you are sure will meet your goals. The best boot camp is, therefore, one that supports some advanced amounts of cardiovascular activities. You can always do some research prior so that you are well equipped with options to choose from.

The best way to do it is by having at least 150 minutes of aerobic exercise in a week, that is less that 22 minutes a day – done right. You can start from moderate and change gradually to the vigorous levels as time goes by. The vascular activities can take the form of a jumping rope, sprinting, jumping sacks, navigating obstacle courses as well as running stairs.

Strength Training

There is no way you can lose weight without gaining some strength. The strength is usually gained on the muscles, core, lower and upper parts of the body. Multiple joints, tendons and muscles usually derive their strength from compound exercises like dumbbell lifting while doing triceps extensions and deep squats.

Remember to have the triceps extensions and lunges paired together. Some of the activities that are extremely good when it comes to gaining strength include:

  • Cycling
  • Squat jumps
  • Pushups
  • Pull-ups
  • Abdominal crunches
  • Jumping jacks
  • Burpees

As you gain some strength, the muscles gained replace fats which result in a raised metabolism. The end result is more burned calories. Do note that muscle is more dense than fat so a gain in weight can be a positive. Let common sense be your guide.

How Intense is it to Lose Weight?

There is no need to lie here. Losing weight is not child’s play. Exercise has to be intense to achieve the desired results. Nothing comes easy, remember that. This is not to scare you away, just to ground you expectations.

The boot camp workout should, however, be possible for any person. If it happens to be an impossible process, then I bet nobody will ever consider it as a way to lose weight. It is always a great idea to start by building your strength to endure the coming activity. From here, increase the effort gradually to get the best results.

It actually becomes easier as you progress. The challenge can, however, be felt. You should burn less fat and calories when the body starts to take the routine positively. Always try out different workouts to prevent the muscles from enjoying some comfort.

Important Tips That Should Be Followed

There are some basics that most people can ignore but they are very important. In this section, we are going to lay them bare and discuss them in details. It is only through this that no room will be left for mistakes.

Take Lots of Fluids

The first tip is to keep yourself hydrated. You are likely to sweat during the workouts. This means that a lot of water will be lost while undertaking the activities. The only way to keep your water levels balanced is by drinking some more.

Again, you need to remember that bouncing around with a belly full of liquid is difficult. Therefore, it is necessary that you take only a small amount of water. Otherwise, you won’t enjoy everything boot camp puts you through. But it is advisable to carry some bottles of water with you to the boot camp.

Build the Right Attitude

Secondly, weight loss is all about attitude. If you have the wrong attitude, you will not manage the activities involved. However challenging the workout is, just motivate yourself. At times, your muscles should burn and your heart should be racing. All you need to do is just laugh to release the tension so apparent on your face.

Obey the Instructor

Thirdly, listen keenly to your instructor. Listening is a virtue that can take you places. Do not concentrate on the pain. Quitting should never be in your vocabulary. Just keep going even if you are told of the next difficult steps ahead of you. If you keep your mind on your instructor, you will get your mind off the pain.

Take Deep Breaths

Breathing and working the abs/core are other important aspects of boot camp fitness so even though the toughest of exercises make sure to catch some breath. It should be a simultaneous process that also involves contracting your abs to protect your back.

At first, it appears uncomfortable and very awkward. Your body will, however, adjust itself with time to make deeper breaths whenever your abs gets engaged.  Your body needs a lot of oxygen at such a time.

Be Active and Always Try to Perform Well

Being the first during any fitness session is very encouraging. It does not only give you a clear view of the instructor’s directions but also makes you not feel lethargic. Whenever you are at the front, you will not be prone to the ideas of giving up.

Do not stop moving if you experience muscle soreness. Other serious health conditions like plantar fasciitis can take you down in the process of taking the routine activities. You will need the best boots for plantar fasciitis to help you work without any strains on the tendon and ligaments.

Avoid Mini Breaks

Mini breaks must be avoided to ensure that fresh blood is pumped into the muscles to prevent any kind of unwanted condition. Coming out of the boot camp injured is unrealistic. The aim of the boot camp is to lose weight and nothing else.

Take Some Electrolytes After Every Workout

Last but of equal importance as the rest is the need to load up electrolytes into the body after every workout. Sweating causes loss of essential electrolytes in excess quantities. The best you can do to your body is to ensure that the lost electrolytes are replenished by taking electrolyte-filled snacks and staying in a cool tent if you were undertaking the boot camp activities in the wilderness.

Proper Attire for Boot Camp Aids in Weight Loss

Regular workout clothes such as shorts, tank tops and t-shirts are just fine with boot camp fitness. You can always have clothes that you are not attached to if one of the activities you are likely to have is about groundwork such as rolling on the ground.

Your feet are also not left behind. Make sure that the footwear is good-fitting and breathable. This is the only way to reduce cases of having blisters on the foot while at the same time ensuring that you are comfortable during the entire sessions.

Another important thing to consider while choosing the right gear for boot camp is the weather. In the scorching sun of the summer, choose sweat-wicking and light fabrics. With such, you will surely feel like the hot sun is non-existent.

Additionally, during the snowfall during the winter, you need to stay warm and the best way is to ensure that you have heavy clothing with you. You should not overheat nonetheless.

Wrapping Up

Your desire to shed off some pounds will be like a drop in the ocean if you fail to choose an appropriate diet. Poor eating habits are what lead to your weight gain meaning that even if you perform perfectly well in the boot camp activities and maintain the usual meals, then there are high possibilities that you are not losing the weight.

I believe the tips on boot camp for weight loss have been of great help to you. Nothing has a lot of fun as enjoying an outdoor activity which at the same time doubles up as workout process.

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Author Bio

I am Brian John, I am very passionate about camping and any other outdoor activities. I take pride in interacting with nature in more special ways like camping, hiking, mountain climbing among others. I love sharing my experiences and ready to interact with other people who share the same passion with me through Enjoy The Wild blog.

The post Is Boot Camp for Weight Loss Ideal for Everyone appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

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Written by Wild Bill on The Prepper Journal.

As Preppers we strive to be ready for the expected and possible while preparing for the unexpected. In the latter we do what we think is best, we go from our experience, our trusted sources of knowledge and information and from our life experiences. Most of the time this at least gives us a fighting chance, an edge to get through the event and its aftermath.

But to be frank, there are somethings that one simply can’t prepare for because we underestimated the gravity of the event, its monumental impact to the very core of our being. I am talking about the loss of a loved one, a child, a parent, a member of our tight group that we depended upon every day or when the SHTF. It is a part of life in general and something we certainly will have to face throughout life, and perhaps constantly and instantly should TEOTWAWKI come to pass.

In such a scenario we already know we need to be fully engaged, at the top of our game, just to get from one day to the next. We know that any loss of focus could cost us and ours dearly. And that, unless you just came off of a 6 month tour in Afghanistan, you really don’t even know all the detail you should be staying on top of, after all, at least there you had support, intel and some situation awareness. Things which may all be gone now.

The Stages of Grief in Overdrive

The five stages of grief – denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance are the subject of many books. It is human nature to run through these and there is no real time-line for each. In fact some people never get through all the stages and languish in some for what appears to be forever. Looking from the outside in we see this; looking from the inside out we may feel we are progressing and getting back to normal when we really are spinning our wheels. In a SHTF scenario how do you get through these more quickly and get back to your game to survive and help others in your group survive? What does it take to suspend grief long enough to finish the mission you are facing right now. And again, the mission of getting through each day whole, a mission that never stops.

In a combat situation denial is immediately replaced by shock and anger. The ability to put aside the shock, control the anger, focus it and get back to a real situation awareness immediately is something I believe is only learned from experience. It is brutal, it is sickening and it is shocking but in such a situation your ability to deal with it is truly the difference between life and death, of suffering a similar fate. So it is normal to bury the healing stages of loss in such a situation and it is typical, though unhealthy, to keep them suppressed as long as possible. Frankly because it is easier. A contributing factor to PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), almost certainly.

But loss won’t always come in the heat of a firefight, it will come as it does through the natural course of life and as the results of unexpected events. In a SHTF scenario the lack of professional and well stocked medical personnel and facilities, the exasperation of pre-existing medical conditions, unexpected encounters with wild animals, accidents, falls, weather, and on and on. In this scenario the reflex will not be to skip denial and go directly to anger but to force you to face denial and all its questions, while still having that background and unrelenting task of getting through the day.

The best description I have heard of grief is it is like being in a small boat on the ocean. At first the waves are enormous and almost constant and come from all directions. Just getting over the waves is surviving. As time passes the waves start to get smaller, and farther apart, but there are still those rogue waves that come and swallow you whole. As time passes you get back to a new normal, but you never get back to whole again in the same way. I have heard it stated as “moving on” and I always reply “moving on differently.”

In an off the grid world everyone has tasks, talents and chores and now you have lost some of those. The reality is this now puts an extra burden on the group and just doing those new and assumed tasks should bring you back to working through the stages of grief as you will be remembering why you are doing this new chore now.


As a group, to one another, to the older members, to the children. TALK ABOUT IT when there is downtime. Beware of the anger stage, that it not become a “blame” stage. That is a roller-coaster to hell. It may have its ups but have no doubt, the destination is assured and it is destruction.

These is no way to “practice” this other than to experience it, and I know you have all been through the loss of grandparents, and others in your life. It is my hope you will remember those times not only for how the person lost enriched your life but for the emotions you experienced knowing it is something you will face again and it will make you better prepared at getting through the toughest of times.

In loving memory of all of those taken from us too soon.

The post Prepping to Deal With Our Worst Nightmare – Loss appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

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Written by Wild Bill on The Prepper Journal.

I went back through the TPJ archives and found a number of articles on bullet-proof body armor. Bullet PROOF armor is in the same category as bullet proof glass. It DOES NOT EXIST.

I am of the opinion that every legal citizen should investigate the ownership of personal body armor for a numbers of uses, from home defense to SHTF. Additionally they should consider the protections it in its many variants affords family members in today’s world.

In the world of ballistics many principals of physics come into play and I could go on for ever about them, really. Maybe the reason invitations to dinner parties appear to be waning. No matter since I will drone about it just a bit right here. As Preppers, when it comes to bullets, there are two principals of physics that are the most significant – Velocity and Fragmentation.


The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) has established standards, Ballistic Resistance Standard 0101.06, for body armor and is the certifying authority in the United States. Be careful when you search for ANY standard from the government as Google, and all the other search engines, will give you pages and pages of data created by manufactures that look like what you are searching for but are really advertisements for their products. Even the link I provided above takes some intelligent maneuvering to get to the actual standard.

To revisit a point above there is bullet resistant glass and bullet resistant body armor, but bullet proof is not really achievable. Even the 46100 Brinell rated ballistic steel that is tested and proven to stop 50 cal rounds may fail if the velocity of the round exceeds the tested standard. This steel is what is used to make armored vehicles for the military. A sheet of this steel at 96″ by 48″ weighs 817.26 lbs. In bullets velocity is so much more a determinant of their penetrating ability that others factors like shape and hardness can almost be factored out of the equation, almost.

Level III is the NIJ standard level for rifle rounds. The current standard for Level III rated body armor is to test it with 7.62 mm FMJ, steel jacked rounds, the U.S. Military M80 Ball, at 147 grains and a velocity of 2,780 fps +/- 30 fps. Look at any box of 7.62 (308 commercially) ammunition and it will state the expected velocity out of a 16″ barrel. To increase the velocity of these rounds all you have to do is increase the barrel length. I have a 308 with a 20″ barrel and it will achieve velocities in excess of 3,200 fps using this same round, and at that velocity most Level III body armor can be penetrated. So know before you buy. Understand what threats you might face and do your homework.


This is what you would expect. When an FMJ round hits a ballistic rated steel plate it either penetrates it or disintegrate. Hopefully the latter but again, dependent on the velocity. BTW ballistic steel armor is rated by its hardness, its Brinell rating, steel labeled AR500 is the standard and goes up to exceed a hardness rating of AR650.

And what happens to that “frag and spall” generated by the round hitting the steel plate? First it exerts a g-force across the entire plate, so it spreads the energy. Standard steel plate armor is 10″ x 12″ and plate carriers are designed to hold this in position over your most vital core organs. Yes, if you are hit by a rifle round and you are wearing approved body armor you are going down and you are going to know what it is like to be kicked by a very large mule, but you will survive. Companies offer soft “trauma” pads to wear behind the steel plates to further dissipate the impact across a larger area to lesson the shock and injured ribs or vertebrate.

If you hold your hand against your chest where the steel plate would be and imagine a round hitting you hand you immediately understand that the frag and spall is going to pepper the underside of your chin with fragmentation which could very well kill you. If either of your arms are extended past your chest in a defensive position or it you are extending them to fire your weapon, be it a pistol or rifle, your arms will be peppered as well. And if you are a part of a team your buds around you are likely to get sprayed which might prompt them to smoke your….well, you know.

So you always want plates that are sprayed with a spall and frag coating to contain the fragments. The current ones, in what is called “build-up coat” are actually excellent. Sprayed with specialized materials not too dissimilar than those used to spray truck bed liners, they are quite effective at capturing all the fragments. They can sustain multiple hits and not fail. The NIJ tests body armor at 51′ and six (6) rounds per plate, equal distant. I have tested at that distance and sixteen (16) rounds per plate, equally distant, and had no failures. They cost more than the base coat but there are some places where saving money is incredible foolish, body armor, should you need it, qualifies as one of them. Parachutes come to mind as well.

What is the Take Away?

Backpack Armor. That is my singular goal. While I want people to understand that “bullet proof” is not possible and the reasons why, I stated all this to support the idea that you should considering investing in body armor for your own needs, that would be smart. As a bedside rig to don when you hear breaking glass or to wear as you head out when TEOTWAWKT comes to pass. And everyone who carries a backpack, a briefcase or a large purse should invest in backpack armor.

There are specifically designed backpacks for armor but most armor manufactures design armor specifically for backpacks, packs, laptop, and book bags. They come in cuts and sizes that will fit nearly all civilian and military style backpacks on the market allowing a convenient and concealable solution to staying protected. The soft body armor, rated Level IIIA by the NIJ is rated against all standard pistol rounds, up to and including the 44 Magnum traveling at 1,460 fps (velocity again, influenced by the barrel length, and a few grains of powder.)

This is soft body armor, flexible, made from materials that harden on impact. They have no metal components, are thin and light weight, less than 2 lbs. and are not detectable by TSA. They will NOT stop rifle rounds from the more common calibers like the .556 and 7.62. However those ballistic steel ones above WITH the build-up coat will. Yes, they weigh in at about 8.1 lbs for the standard 10″ x 12″ size and most backpacks require an 11″ x 14″ plate, which weighs in at 11.5 lbs. That is weight but have you lifted your high school kids backpack lately? Will the extra weight give them back problems or confidence and a sense of security?

As preppers we plan for the worst case scenarios. As the parents of children in school we should consider giving them every edge.

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The post Something Every Prepper Should Consider appeared first on The Prepper Journal.

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