The E1 pulse is the fastest component of nuclear EMP. It’s brief but intense.
As the E1 pulse moves through the earth magnetic field, it creates microwaves. These microwaves strike the surface with an intense surge of power.
It induces high voltages in electrical conductors. Thus causing significant damage by electrical breakdown voltages.
The E1 pulse can destroy computers and communication equipment.
The E2 pulse is comparable to the pulse created during lightning strikes.
Fortunately, our national infrastructure is (for the most part) already prepared for an E2 pulse.
The E3 component is different from both E1 and E2. E3 is a much slower pulse.
The E3 component has similarities to a geomagnetic storm caused by a solar flare.
Like a solar flare, E3 can produce powerful currents. Intense enough to damage power lines and transformers (i.e., critical infrastructure).
Introducing High Altitude Detonations
An EMP pulse travels line of sight. So it can cover a vast area if the nuclear detonation occurs high in the atmosphere.
Most nuclear military weapons are not intended for high altitude detonations. Because high altitude detonations do little damage to the enemy and less fallout.
However, at high altitudes, the EMP would travel towards everything in its line of sight. Covering thousands of square miles!
It’s true that an EMP diminishes with distance. But it may still be strong enough at thousands of miles to fry most microelectronics.
Making the nuclear EMP a near perfect weapon for a terrorist and rogue nations.
Here’s an interesting question.
If you were a terrorist organization and could only lay your hands on one nuclear weapon. Would you want to blow up one city? Or detonate it high enough to wipe out the electrical systems for thousands of cities?
Aside from nuclear weapons, there are EMP-generating devices. These are called “explosively pumped flux compression generators.”
These use electromagnetic physics to generate large pulses of electromagnetic energy.
The basic idea is to generate an electromagnetic pulse in a coil surrounding a metal core. While at the same time compressing the coil into the core using explosives.
This change in core geometry causes a compression of the electromagnetic field.
EMP’s (whether nuclear or flux compression) has the potential to change the world.
Nuclear Explosion in the Sky | National Geographic - YouTube
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Any devices not shielded against a large EMP attack is likely to be damaged or destroyed.
We’re talking damage to the following:
Cell Phone Towers
Automobile Engine Management Computers
Jet Aircraft Systems
Air Traffic Control Systems
Hospital Diagnostic Machines
Plus Anything Else With A Micro Chip
Which is damn near everything these days.
Can you imagine everyone within a thousand-mile radius losing all power and technology?
The best tactical watches are ones that include 3 advanced sensors:
An altimeter measures your current altitude based on atmospheric pressures.
This comes in handy when you’re in mountainous terrain. It’s much easier to find your exact location on a topographical map if you know your current elevation.
A barometer measures the change in atmospheric pressure over time.
And since weather changes are correlated with changes in atmospheric pressure, you’ll be able to predict the weather well before it arrives.
When the pressure is rising, the weather is likely to improve; when it’s falling, there’s usually worse weather ahead.
I think it’s fairly obvious how this is a major advantage in a survival or outdoor adventure situation!
Everyone like to know what the temperature is at all times and with this sensor all you’ll need to do is look down at your wrist.
But this sensor can do more than just tell you the current temperature, it can also help predict your destination temperature based on your current location temperature!
Temperatures generally decrease by approximately 3.6°F with every increase of 1,000 feet. If the temperature at 5,000 feet is 50°F, therefore, the temperature at 8,000 meters will probably be about 39.2°F.
The bottom line is tactical watches with triple sensor technology is incredibly useful. You should get one with these advanced sensors if your budget allows.
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With so many watch choices and all the features available it’s an epic challenge to find the perfect tactical watch.
So to help you narrow your search down, here are a few of the best tactical watches you can find on the market today:
Casio G-Shock GD-100-1B Watch
Made in the USA, this shock resistant watch remains water resistance up to 200 meters.
It has a large digital display face and can keep track of up to four different time zones at once.
It has five separate alarm options, a stopwatch, a timer, a full auto-calendar and an LED backlight.