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Answers:
1. A

Analysis:

The vocabulary words are defined as follows:

敏感 (Mǐngǎn) sensitive; susceptible

聪敏 (Cōngmǐn) clever; intelligent; quick

聪慧 (Cōnghuì) bright; intelligent

聪颖 (Cōngyǐng) intelligent, smart

Tā shì yígè juédǐng cōngmíng de rén.
他是一个绝顶聪明的人。
He is the cleverest man.

绝顶聪明 (Juédǐngcōngmíng) which means “brilliant; extremely clever”. Therefore the correct answer is A.

<<Back to “Clever or Foolish? A Popular Chinese Fable Explained”

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“Never give up” takes on an interestingly new perspective with the popular Chinese fable “愚公移山 (yúgōngyíshān) Yu Gong Yi Shan”. The story presents a magnifying look into the Chinese culture, a motivational pep talk, as well as an interesting lesson on how to use “聪明 (cōngmíng) clever” and “愚蠢 (yúchǔn) foolish” in Chinese.

The story is centered around a man called Yu Gong or literally “Mr. Fool”. Mr. Fool takes it upon himself to literally move a couple of mountains that sit outside his home, as he finds that they are a nuisance to his comfort. He attempts to dig up the mountain and insists on persistently going at it, no matter what. Later on, the heavenly God learned about Yu Gong’s story, was highly impressed, and helped him. Yu Gong finally, after much persistence, succeeded.

Take notes of the following vocabulary words in the fable:

聪明 (Cōngmíng) intelligent; bright; clever

愚蠢 (Yúchǔn) stupid; foolish; silly

The story is a familiar, yet interesting takes on “never giving up”. The exact script of the story is as follows:

Cóngqián, yǒu yì míng lǎorén, míng jiào Yú Gōng, kuài jiǔ shí suì le.
从前,有一名老人,名叫愚公,快九十岁了。
Once upon a time, there was an old man named Yu Gong (Mr. Fool), who was about ninety years old.

Tā jiā de ménkǒu yǒu liǎng zuò dà shān, yí zuò jiào Tàihángshān, yí zuò jiào Wángwūshān.
他家的门口有两座大山,一座叫太行山,一座叫王屋山。
There were two mountains just outside his house, one was Taihang Mountain, and the other was Wangwu Mountain,

Yīnwèi zhè liǎng zuò dà shān, tā měicì chūmén dōu fēicháng bù fāngbiàn.
因为这两座大山,他每次出门都非常不方便。
Because of the two mountains, it was very troublesome each time he’d step outside.

Learn Further About The Versatile Chinese Word: 方便 (Fāngbiàn)!

Suóyǐ tā juédìng yí zǒu zhè liǎng zuò dà shān.
所以他决定移走这两座大山。
So he decided to literally remove both mountains.

Dì èr tiān, Yú Gōng dài zhe yìjiārén kāishǐ bān shān le.
第二天,愚公带着一家人开始搬山了。
The very next day,… Yu Gong and his family began to move the mountains.

Tāmen měitiān dōu yào bǎ shān shàng de shítou hé nítǔ, yìdiǎn yìdiǎn de yùnsòng dào háilǐ qù.
他们每天都要把山上的石头和泥土,一点一点地运送到海里去。
Everyday they dug up mountains’ the rocks and dirt, and carried them to the sea, little by little.

Dāngshí, yǒu yí gè cōngmíng de lǎotóu jiào Zhì Sǒu, tā tīngshuō le Yú Gōng de gùshi, juédé shífēn kěxiào.
当时,有一个聪明的老头叫智叟,他听说了愚公的故事,觉得十分可笑。
During that time, there was a smart old man called Zhi Sou (Mr. Wise), who heard Yu Gong’s story, and thought it was quite ludicrous.

Zhì Sǒu cháoxiào tā tài yúchǔn, tā rènwéi zhè shì bù kěnéng de shìqíng.
智叟嘲笑他太愚蠢,他认为这是不可能的事情。
Zhi Sou mocked Yu Gong, laughed at his stupidity, and thought it was impossible.

Yú Gōng fǎnbó shuō: “wǒ sǐ le, dànshì wǒ háiyǒu érzi, wǒ de érzi sǐ le, háiyǒu sūnzi, wǒ de yìyuàn huì yìzhí chuándì xiàqù. Zǒng yǒu yì tiān, wǒmen néng bān zǒu zhè zuò dà shān.”
愚公反驳说:“我死了,但是我还有儿子,我的儿子死了,还有孙子,我的意愿会一直传递下去。总有一天,我们能搬走这座大山。”
Yu Gong responded, “even if I am dead, I’ll still have a son; and even if my son is dead, I’ll still have a grandson, therefore my wish and plan will be carried on forever. One day we’ll be able to remove the mountains. ”

Hòulái, tāmen de xíngwéi zhōngyú gǎndòng le tiāndì.
后来,他们的行为终于感动了天帝。
Later, their persistence finally was acknowledged by the Heavenly God.

Tiāndì pài liǎng míng shénxiān bǎ zhè liǎng zuò dà shān bān zǒu le.
天帝派两名神仙把这两座大山搬走了。
The Heavenly God sent two immortals, who removed the two mountains.

Reflecting on this story can teach you a great deal about Chinese culture, and you can actually use it to motivate yourself! “聪明 (Cōngmíng) clever” is one of the words used in the fable, along with “愚蠢 (yúchǔn)”, which means stupidity. Zhi Sou (Mr. Wise) was considered clever, while Yu Gong (Mr. Fool) was considered foolish.

Learn Different Chinese Expressions on A Fool

To this very day, the story of Yu Gong has been handed down for generations. It’s a tale and lesson that goes to show that no matter how difficult things are, and regardless of the obstacles, you can achieve anything, as long as you’re persistent, have extreme perseverance, and belief. Regardless of whether you think you’re clever or not so smart, persistence and faith is definitely the key!


1. Please choose the option which is different from the words in parentheses.

Tā shì yígè juédǐng (cōngmíng) de rén.
他是一个绝顶(聪明)的人。

A.敏感 (Mǐngǎn)

B. 聪敏 (Cōngmǐn)

C. 聪慧 (Cōnghuì)

D. 聪颖 (Cōngyǐng)

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Video Lesson I love Dim Sum with eChineseLearning - YouTube

Exercises in the Video:
1. A: Nǐhǎo. Wǒ yào yì lóng xiā jiǎo.
    A: 你好,我要一笼虾饺。

    B: Bùhǎoyìsi. It’s all sold out.
    B: 不好意思,它都卖完了。

    A: Gěi wǒ yì lóng chā shāo bāo.
    A: 给我一笼叉烧包。

    What did the customer finally order? Please choose the best answer.

    A. Shrimp dumpling.

    B. Steamed barbecued pork bun.

    C. Chicken feet.

2. A: Becky, Wǒmen míngtiān zǎoshàng qù chī zǎochá ba! Nǐ xiǎng chī shénme?
    A: Becky,我们明天早上去吃早茶吧!你想吃什么?

    B: Wǒ xiǎng chī xiā jiǎo hé chā shāo bāo, dànshì wǒ bù xǐhuan chī fèngzhǎo.
    B: 我想吃虾饺和叉烧包,但是我不喜欢吃凤爪。

    What will Becky NOT to eat tomorrow morning? Please choose the best answer.

    A. Shrimp dumplings.

    B. Steamed barbecued pork buns.

    C. Chicken feet.

3. A: Wǒmen zhèi ge xīngqī tiān qù nǎr chī zǎochá?
    A: 我们这个星期天去哪儿吃早茶?

    B: Dragon Court zěnmeyàng? Nàr de tèsè cài shì chā shāo bāo.
    B: Dragon Court怎么样?那儿的特色菜是叉烧包。

    A: En…búcuò.
    A: 嗯…不错。

    Which of the following is most likely to be true according to the dialogue? Please choose the best answer.

    A. They are not going to Dragon Court for dim sum.

    B. Dragon Court’s specialty is steamed barbecued pork buns.

    C. They’re going to eat dim sum this Saturday morning.

4. A: Nín hǎo! Nín xiǎng chī diǎnr shénme?
    A: 您好!你想吃点什么?

    B: Wǒ yào liǎng lóng xiā jiǎo, liǎng lóng chā shāo bāo hé yì lóng fèngzhǎo.
    B: 我要两笼虾饺,两笼叉烧包和一笼凤爪。

    A: Bùhǎoyìsi, wǒmen jīntiān méiyǒu fèngzhǎo le.
    A: 不好意思,我们今天没有凤爪了。

    Which dish is the customer unable to order? Please choose the best answer.

    A. Chicken feet.

    B. Steamed barbecued pork bun.

    C. Shrimp dumpling.

5. A: Wow! It’s my first time eating dim sum! Thanks for bringing me along, Anna!

    B: Bú kèqi! Nǐ xiǎng chī shénme, Becky? Zhèr de xiā jiǎo hé chā shāo bāo hěn yǒumíng.
    B: 不客气,你想吃什么,Becky?这儿的虾饺和叉烧包很有名。

    A: Yào liǎng lóng xiā jiǎo, yì lóng chā shāo bāo ba.
    A: 要两笼虾饺,一笼叉烧包吧。

    Which of the following is true according to the dialogue? Please choose the best answer.

    A. Becky doesn’t want any shrimp dumplings.

    B. The restaurant they’re going to is famous for their chicken feet.

    C. Becky wants both shrimp dumplings and steamed barbecued pork buns.

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answer to Video Lesson I love Dim Sum with eChineseLearning - YouTube

Answers: 1. B   2. C   3. B   4. A   5. C

<<Back to Video Lesson: I Love Dim Sum!

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Answer:
1. B

Analysis:

Dialogue:

Lì Li: Jīntiān yǒu diǎnr lěng a.
丽丽:今天有点儿冷啊。
Lily: It’s a little cold today.

Xiǎo Xīn: Shì a, nǐ hái chuān de zhè me shǎo, (fēi) gǎnmào (bùkě).
小新:是啊,你还穿得这么少,非感冒不可。
Xiao Xin: Yeah, you’re wearing so little that you’re certain to catch a cold.

★★Keywords★★

非 (Fēi) … 不可 (Bùkě)

It is usually used in formal written Chinese.

#1 When it is used for expressing determination:

We use it to show that somebody has a strong desire and determination to do something.

Sentence Structure:

Subj. + 非 (fēi) + [Verb] + 不可 (bùkě)

Examples:

Zhège miànshì hěn zhòngyào, wǒ fēi qù bùkě.
这个面试很重要,我非去不可。
This interview is very important and I must take.

Zhège wèntí fēi jiějué bùkě.
这个问题非解决不可。
The problem must be solved.

#2 When it is used for expressing emphasis:

It can be also used as “must” and “have to” to show something must be done by someone.

Sentence Structure:

Something +非 (fēi) + somebody + [Verb] + 不可 (bùkě)

Examples:

Zhège juédìng fēi tā lái zuò bùkě.
这个决定非他来做不可。
The decision has to be made by him.

Zhège xiàngmù fēi lǎobǎn tóngyì bùkě.
这个项目非老板同意不可。
This project must be approved by the boss.

#3 When it is used for predicting a future event:

It is similar to “be certain to do; bound to do; be sure to do” in English.

Examples:

Yàoshì bèi lǎobǎn fāxiàn le, fēi kòu nǐ gōngzī bùkě.
要是被老板发现了,非扣你工资不可。
If the boss finds out, he is bound to dock your wage.

Nǐ zài bù zǒu, fēi chídào bùkě.
你再不走,非迟到不可。
If you don’t leave, you are certain to be late.

<<Back to “How Well Do You Know the Use of Double Negatives in Chinese ?”

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Practice Chinese with this quiz on “帮 (Bāng) Help”

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1. Read the dialogue and answer the question below.

Lì Li: Jīntiān yǒu diǎnr lěng a.
丽丽:今天有点儿冷啊。

Xiǎo Xīn: Shì a, nǐ hái chuān de zhème shǎo, (   ) gǎnmào (   ).
小新:是啊,你还穿得这么少, (   )感冒(   )。

Please choose the best option to make the dialogue complete.

A. 不 (Bù) … 不 (Bù)

B. 非 (Fēi) … 不可 (Bùkě)

C. 没有 (Méiyǒu) … 不 (Bù)

Learn How to Use “不 (Bù)”And “没 (Méi) Correctly with the Chinese Quiz

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Answer:
1. B

Analysis:

Wǒ zhǔxiū jìsuànjī zhuānyè.
我主修计算机专业。
I major in computer science.

Wǒ xīwàng yuè gōngzī bù dī yú bā qiān.
我希望月工资不低于八千。
I hope the monthly salary is no less than eight thousand.

Wǒ de àihào shì chànggē.
我的爱好是唱歌。
My hobby is singing.

Interviewer: Nǐ duì xīnshuǐ yǒu shénme yāoqiú ma?
Interviewer:你对薪水有什么要求吗?
Interviewer: What are your requirements for salary?

Interviewee: Wǒ xīwàng yuè gōngzī bù dī yú bā qiān.
Interviewee: 我希望月工资不低于八千。
Interviewee: I’d like to have a monthly wage of no less than eight thousand.

Note: Salary is equal to wage in Chinese.

<<Back to “How to Score That Dream Job: A Guide to Interviewing in Chinese”

Read More Articles on Business Chinese That You May Be Interested About:
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商务介绍礼仪 (Shāngwù jièshào lǐyí) Business Etiquette–Business Card Exchanges And Introduction (Beginner)
商务电话礼仪 (Shāngwù diànhuà lǐyí) Business Etiquette—Make a Phone Call (Intermediate)

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Introducing yourself in a business setting takes practice and finesse. As the economy develops, more and more Chinese companies hire foreign employees. Besides your aptitude for the job, language ability is also vital in a job interview in the current market.

Interview in Chinese is “面试 (miànshì).” Just the mention of the word is enough to make anyone sweat. But by using this interview outline as a guide, your hopes for successfully interviewing with an employer or school in order to study abroad in China can become a reality.

Learn how to make simple and compelling self-introductions in Mandarin Chinese fluently, especially in a business setting. The most important point is to be confident and leave a good impression! Let’s see how to leave a good impression with these 6 features of the interview process.

1. Greet your interviewer.

你好/您好 (Nǐ hǎo/Nín hǎo) — Hello.

早上好/上午好 (Zǎoshàng hǎo/Shàngwǔ hǎo) — Good morning.

下午好 (Xiàwǔ hǎo) — Good afternoon.

2. Give your basic self-introduction.

我是… (Wǒ shì…) — I am…

我叫… (Wǒ jiào) — I am…

我来自… (Wǒ láizì…) — I’m from… [your country]

Example:

Wǒ jiào Lù Xī, láizì Měiguó.
我叫露西,来自美国。
My name is Lucy and I am from the United States.

Top 7 Ways for Making Self-introduction in Chinese

3. Introduce your work experience and education.

我毕业于… (Wǒ bìyè yú…) — I graduated from…

我的专业是… (Wǒ de zhuānyè shì … ) — My major is…

我曾在…工作了…年。(Wǒ céng zài… gōngzuò le… nián.)
— I worked for… [workplace] for… [number] years.

Examples:

Wǒ bìyè yú Běijīng dàxué, wǒ de zhuānyè shì jīnróng.
我毕业于北京大学,我的专业是金融。
I graduated from Peking University, and I majored in finance.

Wǒ céng zài Ālǐbābā gōngzuò le yì nián.
我曾在阿里巴巴工作了一年。
I worked for the Alibaba company for a year.

4. Brag about yourself, when possible! (skills and advantages)

我擅长… (Wǒ shàncháng …) — My skills include…

我曾获得过… (Wǒ céng huòdé guò…) — I have received awards including…

Examples:

Wǒ shàncháng gōutōng jiāoliú.
我擅长沟通交流。
I am good at communication.

Wǒ céng huòdé guò yánjiǎng bǐsài dìyì míng.
我曾获得过演讲比赛第一名。
I have won first place in a speech contest.

5. Present the reason they should hire you.

Wǒ xīwàng kěyǐ huòdé yífèn… de gōngzuò, yīnwèi wǒ…
我希望可以获得一份… 的工作,因为我…
I hope to get a job in …, because I…

Example:

Wǒ xīwàng huòdé yífèn yǔ guǎnlǐ xiāngguān de gōngzuò, yīnwèi wǒ shàncháng tuánduì guǎnlǐ.
我希望获得一份与管理相关的工作,因为我擅长团队管理。
I’d like to get a management-related job because I’m good at team management.

6. Show sincerity and politeness at the end of an interview.

When leaving, be sure to thank your interviewers again for the opportunity.

Examples:

Wǒ xīwàng nénggòu dédào zhè fèn gōngzuò.
我希望能够得到这份工作。
I hope to get this job.

Wǒ xīwàng guì gōngsī néng gěi wǒ yígè jīhuì. Xièxiè!
我希望贵公司能给我一个机会。谢谢!
I hope your company can give me a chance. Thank you!

Now that you know how to be interviewed in Chinese, be sure to practice with a native teacher to get your tones correct and increase your chances of getting the job or being accepted to the school of your choice. Your first impression is your only chance to get it right, so make it perfect for the first time. Take the quiz below to test your comprehension of the interview guide then leave us a comment introducing yourself.


1. Read the dialogue and answer the question below:

Interviewer: Nǐ duì xīnshuǐ yǒu shénme yāoqiú ma?
Interviewer: 你对薪水有什么要求吗?
Interviewee: ____________________ .

What would the interviewee say? Please choose the best answer.

    Wǒ zhǔxiū jìsuànjī zhuānyè.
A. 我主修计算机专业。

    Wǒ xīwàng yuè gōngzī bù dī yú bā qiān.
B. 我希望月工资不低于八千。

    Wǒ de àihào shì chànggē.
C. 我的爱好是唱歌。

谈爱好 (Tán Àihào) Talking About Hobbies

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Video Lesson: I am building my muscles! with eChineseLearning - YouTube

Exercises in the Video:
1. Bié chàng le! Wǒ kànshū ne.
1. 别唱了!我看书呢。

    Which of the following statements is true according to the dialogue? Please choose the best answer.

    A. He was going to sing.

    B. He had finished reading.

    C. He was reading at that moment.

2. A: Craig, Wǒmen qù dǎ lánqiú ba?
    A: Craig,我们去打篮球吧?

    B: Duìbuqǐ, wǒ bú qù. I’m learning Chinese now!
    B: 对不起,我不去。我现在在学习中文!

    Which of the following statements best describes what Craig said in the dialogue? Please choose the best answer.

    A. Tā xué hànyǔ ne.
    A. 他学汉语呢。

    B. Tā xué le hànyǔ.
    B. 他学了汉语。

    C. Tā méi xué hànyǔ.
    C. 他没学汉语

3. A: John, nǐ zài zuò shénme?
    A: John,你在做什么?

    B: Wǒ wán yóuxì ne.
    B: 我看书呢。

    Which of the following statements is true according to the dialogue? Please choose the best answer.

    A. John is playing games.

    B. John has finished playing games.

    C. John is doing nothing.

4. A: Bill, wǒmen qù yóuyǒng ba.
    A: Bill,我们去游泳吧。

    B: Bú qù, wǒ kàn yǔmáoqiú bǐsài ne.
    B: 不去,我看羽毛球比赛呢。

    Which of the following statements is most likely true about Bill? Please choose the best answer.

    A. Bill wants to swim right now.

    B. Bill is watching the badminton match.

    C. Bill has watched the badminton match.

5. A: Wéi, Mark zàijiā ma?
    A: 喂,Mark 在家吗?

    B: Duìbuqǐ, tā bú zàijiā. Tā tīqiú ne!
    B: 对不起,他不在家。他踢球呢。

    Which of the following statements is true according to the dialogue? Please choose the best answer.

    A. Mark is at home.

    B. Mark is playing soccer.

    C. Mark is going to play soccer.

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Answer to Video Lesson: I am building my muscles! with eChineseLearning - YouTube

Answers: 1. C   2. A   3. A   4. B   5. B

<<Back to Video Lesson: I Am Building My Muscles!

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