DubaiBlog has usually interviewed different employees living in Dubai to enquire about the quality of life and to better know how satisfied they are about their life there. This time, we have decided to interview an entrepreneur who is managing a famous international brand. We wanted to know more about his life in Dubai.
This is what he said “My name is Costantino Bertuzzi and I am an Italian entrepreneur. Now I am at my training centre showing some Italianproducts, such as pasta, coffee, and other foodstuffs bearing the Attibassi brand. The products are all of high quality and can make your mouth water.
We started this activity in the United Arab Emirates just a couple of years ago and we have started up more than 14 coffee-shops. Our brand has been expanding throughout the Gulf countries such as Saudi Arabia, Oman and Qatar but also somehow in Egypt and Kenya. We chose Dubai as our starting point due to its fast growing market. In the past years, Dubai and all the Emirates witnessed a very fast development. As everybody knows Dubai is always growing with new buildings, big hotels and shopping centres and it has not been difficult to place our products in its market. Despite the high competition, we have managed to have a good slice of the market, thanks to our Italian products bearing a brand that is 100 years old. I chose to live in Dubai just to take care of all the activities of our company, which has already a significant network in Europe and in Northern America.
I took the project of expansion in the Middle East to heart and I decided to remain in Dubai. Dubai is a very beautiful city which offers a lot of opportunities. It is also very well organized and safe. There are a lot of hotels and restaurants in Dubai. The cost of living might seem a bit high, but this is true just in part. The fiscal system is particularly favourable and one can lead a nice life, except for the scorching heat in summer. My daily routine is to follow up all my coffee-shops, and the evolution of our drinks, manage the company team composed of very qualified staff, guarantee, and improve and maintain high quality services to our customers.
Let’s say this is my challenging life I am very keen on it. My previous working experience has been in the world of motor racing. In 1985 I won the Italian Motorcycle championship. Later on, I decided to participate in the GT motor races and I won several world championships, in Italy and Europe. I relocated in North America where I stayed for more than ten years and won several championships and participated in the 24 hours of Daytona for eight times. I had the pleasure to work for the Ferrari as a testing driver between 1996-1999 where my work was highly appreciated and had the opportunity to work with big professionals in this sector, including Michael Schumacher. I am very happy and proud I had participated in these international championships which have helped me to grow professionally and help me interact with the world. Just few years ago I participated in a Lamborghini championship in Dubai. I feel I just can’t stop myself from driving.
My suggestions to all entrepreneurs who intend to start an activity in Dubai is to have a look at the market trends, find suitable people to work with and to deeply study the rules of the country. By following these suggestions one can easily be successful and gain satisfaction here in these areas where there are a lot of international trade fairs. Dubai is a fertile environment for trading not only in all the Middle East but also in Africa. Last year I launched our brand in Kenya, without being in Nairobi. This has been possible thanks to one of those international fairs whose representatives I met in a trade fair. It is important to invest a minimum in trade show during the fairs because this can bring good results. The African market is a promising one, and nowadays the situation has completely changed being more quiet with no guerrilla problems. The economy is fairly good and Africa is a big world market, and it represents the 20% of the entire world’s population. It is also true that there is a lot of competitors in this market but, by choosing the right people and proposing the right business, you can reach good results. To invest time and some money to bring a new brand overseas could be a key to success, but this is only true if one is very well organized and committed. This key is of course true in any part of the world. But in Dubai you will find better opportunities than anywhere else. All you need is to draw up your businessplan and prepare a detailed marketing research before starting up your business in Dubai”.
Le Petit Prince is the most famous novel by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. The English version of this book was published on 6 April 1943 in New York by Reynal & Hitchcock and translated from French by Katherine Woods. Few days later it was published in the French original version. After the author’s death, it was published also in France by Gallimard, in 1945.
Under the idea of Nico de Corato “Abu Yasmina” and with the extraordinary support of Abdulla Al Kaabi it has been published for the first time in the Emirati dialect. The Emirati version has been presented in occasion of Abu DhabiInternational book fair.
Abdulla Al Kaabi, is also the co-author with Nico de Corato and Hanan Al Fardan of the book Dialetto Emiratino, an Italian – Emirati phrasebook. While Abdulla and Hanan wrote the original English Emirati version “Spoken Emirati”.
Last year Nico de Corato released the Iraqi version of the Little Prince translated by A. Tawfiq, and also published by Tintenfass
The “Little Prince” is a very poetic story written in the form of a literary work for children. It deals with themes such as the meaning of life, love and friendship. Each book chapter speaks about the meeting that the protagonist has with different characters and on different planets. Each of these bizarre characters leaves the little prince amazed and bewildered by the strangeness of how “adults” are. “Adults” never understand anything by themselves, and it is tiring for children to always be there to give them explanations.
The work, both in its original language and in the various translations, is illustrated by a dozens of watercolours made by the novelist. These are simple and somewhat naïf drawings, which are as famous as the story, and were also used to create the book covers.
It is among the most famous and sold literary works of the twentieth century.
The novel is now available in over 300 languages, making it the most translated book in the world after the Bible and the Quran. The announcement of the achievement of the new record was given by the Foundation Antoine de Saint-Exupéry of Paris, which manages the author’s international rights upon the publishing of the hassaniya version, an Arabic dialect spoken in the Sahara of Morocco. It is estimated that over 200 million copies of the novel were sold in the world last year.
To order the book send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org or contact Tintenfass
Accounting and finance today are some of the most cutting-edge professions in need of more employees with a strong background in business, investment and leadership.
The constant demand within the Industry is in excess of the supply with some banks and financial institutions looking at international talent in addition to candidates based regionally.
In fact, 75 percent of CFOs say it’s challenging to find skilled professionals with industry-specific experience within the GCC. Which employment sectors is in need of these professionals? The real estate, construction, professional services and healthcare industries are showing strong demand for candidates in accounting and finance fields.
Pay is decided considering age, experience, qualification or nationalities. However, today’s accountants and finance professionals in UAE have a median salary of Dh30,000, top authorities have a salary range between Dh55,000 to Dh90,000. Chief financial officers (CFOs) rank high on the pay scale earning up to 200,000 Dirham per month. Also earning high wages are bank chief operating officers (finance and operations) with a salary range of Dh63,750 to Dh77,500.
CFOs are highly paid (Range: 40,000 to 180,000 / Average:160,000) because of their decision responsibilities regarding finance, accounting, profits, and investments whilst an accounts assistant will receive a lower salary (Range: 6,000 to 10,000 / Average 8,000).
According to PayScale –
The average pay for an Accountant is AED 61,142 per year.
The average pay for a Financial Accountant is AED 98,722 per year.
The average pay for a Business Analyst, Finance/Banking is AED 163,516 per year.
Companies hire those who have the understanding of areas like auditing, payroll, financial reporting, and (of course) taxes.
If you have the right qualifications (at least a three- or four-year undergraduate degree in any of these fields), plus relevant experience in the industry, and a curiosity about the Islamic financial system then this country is the place to be because it’s hiring bright young UAE Nationals and international individual) to undertake an array of roles.
Typical Job Requirements include –
Education Level: A college degree in accounting, business administration, or finance is a necessity. Those with the education have a higher chance of getting hired.
Experience: Must have judgment and problem-solving skills needed to make crucial decisions in making sure that the work of a corporation’s financial departments gets done.
Qualification: It’s essential to become certified in your specialty that provides a clear proof of your expertise. Plus, it’s a good way to get your foot in the door and set yourself apart from the competition.
Who’s Hiring and Training Key Staff
The Emirates Institute for Banking and Financial Studies (EIBFS) offers great programs and courses in banking and finance to the UAE at its three campuses strategically located in Sharjah, Abu Dhabi and Dubai. EIBFS has helped to meet industry demands to drive the participation of UAE nationals in the profession.
A career at DIFC Authority instead offers opportunities for professional development and career growth while Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA) aims to employ experienced individuals with a track record of high quality, innovative work in major financial markets to become part of a team of motivated professionals who seek to deliver world-class regulation within the Dubai International Financial Centre.
If you are a sweet lover, you can definitely find any kind you desire in Dubai. DubaiBlog, has decided to visit Sebastiano’s pastry shop to taste some of his cakes. We asked him how things were going in Dubai. Sebastiano was so easy in front of my video-camera that we decide to interview him. This has been the occasion to receive some useful tips, especially for those who are looking for a job in confectionery.
Sebastiano spoke to us saying “My name is Sebastiano Maio, I am 37 years old and I am from Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto, Messina. and I have been living in Dubai for seven years. I deal with managing my point of sales, I started to work as a confectioner when I was sixteen, in my uncles’ pastry shop. Since then, I started to like this job and I understood that this was the job meant for me. One day, I decided to take the plunge, that was to go abroad with the intention to let people know about Sicilian confectionery. I chose Dubai, as I had heard about it and I tried my chance by taking a week vacation. I contacted some experts who told me a lot of things and gave me some tips how to start my business in Dubai. I eventually decided to remain and try my luck. I have to say that I did not find a big difference regarding the way to managing a pastry shop between Italy and Dubai apart from some difficulties that may occur to find some ingredients.
In both cases you are very busy and involved in many things, manpower is cheaper than Europe and this makes it easier to start-up and run a pastry business. Honestly, I have never been hired as a pastry worker in Dubai, because I started up my own activity here as soon as I arrived in this country. Low-cost labourers make it difficult for westerners to find a job in confectionery small businesses. Nevertheless, the confectionery industry and the big luxury hotel chains with their restaurants, are always in need of professional profiles and they may offer great job opportunities. In this case, there is a chance to be hired by a big group which is looking for an Italian pastry maker.
Tiramisù is one of the most favourite Italian sweet in Dubai, besides pistachio cakes and ice-creams. We have introduced the typical Sicilian Granita, with a bit difficulty at the beginning but now we are proud that many people are coming here every day to order it. Two seasonal cake such as Panettone and Colomba have also had a big success. It is always very nice when foreigners come in my shop to order these typical cakes. At the beginning, the 90% of my customers were Italians, but little by little the situation changed and now 50% are Italians and the remaining 50% are from all nationalities. My pastry shop is a meeting point on Friday for many Italians living in Dubai, but during the week the majority of customers are people working nearby that like to come here to have breakfast and taste my products.
I am a fan of Juventus and every year there is the Global Soccer event. In particular, I have been informed that Cristiano Ronaldo would have probably participated in to this event. Therefore, I offered to prepare a customized cake for him with a G7 shape. I was pleased to know that he liked the cake very much and to hand the remaining part, the seven, upon his explicit request. These are the opportunities which only Dubai can offer. In Sicily, it is very difficult to have such opportunities and this is why I am so pleased.
As for salaries, that big luxury hotel chains offer wages starting from 10,000 AED/ month as a start, perhaps with accommodation. However, salaries may vary depending on the job description and the specific qualifications required. Pastry chefs do not just prepare desserts. They also organize the venues, coordinate the kitchen staff, and manage the relationship with the suppliers. They must have a good ability to prepare their sweets with a certain speed and readiness to fulfil requests, maybe even unexpected ones for VIP customers. With 10,000 AED, which is about 2,000 €, it is possible to live in Dubai with no problems or constraints but If you lead a normal lifestyle, with no excess like going out every night, eating in expensive restaurants etc.”
Dubai’s newest hotel will be a fully-rotating, self-powered skyscraper developed by Israeli-Italian architect David Fisher. This building that makes use of solar and wind energy is a project unlike any other and is the forerunner of a new tendency of the construction industry in Dubai: buildings and skyscrapers that are self-sufficient.
“Fisher, [founder of Dynamic Architecture], said he designed the building from the belief the motionless state of today’s houses does not reflect people’s actual lives, where everything is constantly changing,” mentions The Sun. He believes that hotels and homes should instead be able to “move following the sun or the wind, and adjust to their tenants’ life and mood.”
Just imagine staying at this rotating skyscraper in Dubai admiring the skyline, from dawn to dusk. It sounds great, right?
Where else can you get a hotel where YOU decide the view?
The building has been in the works since 2008 and is going to be completed by 2020. The delay was due to a number of planning permissions and structural choices issues and plumbing problems. Nonetheless, the construction of the Dynamic Tower Hotel in Dubai is finally reaching the end for an estimated cost of $445million.
The 419 meters (1,375foot-tall), 80-story building complex will allow guests to swivel their rooms 360 degrees with each unit being built on separate floors and rotating independently (doing so in both directions) around the structure’s concrete center at the command of voice-activated control by the residents. Basically, guests will be able to choose their own views of Dubai.
While speaking on Your Discover Science channel of YouTube, David Fisher said, “It will never look the same. The floor is rotating very smoothly. You don’t hear anything.”
Guests can decide to be constantly rotating or bring the room to a standstill to admire the city thanks to the floor-to-ceiling windows
In addition, this ultra-luxurious abode will offer exclusive services, luxurious accommodation and facilities. It is expected to have swimming pools, fitness centers, car lifts and luscious gardens to add to its fascination.
In addition to the hotel, the building is expected to also host apartments on different floors. Obviously all this will come at a premium price; tenancy in this ‘Dynamic’ tower is expecting to cost $30 million per apartment.
This proposed building is not only eco-friendly (a so-called green power station) but will be self-sufficient. The Dynamic Architecture Group’s structure will feature 48 wind turbines positioned horizontally between each floor to provide power and solar panels on the roof, which will allow it to be completely self-powered. And the wind turbines are supplementary to absorb the harsh outside temperatures, leading to lesser need of power and air conditioning in addition to keeping the interiors cool during daytime, when the building will make the most of solar and wind energy to generate enough energy to fuel the building’s electricity.
Fisher says Dynamic Tower will become a symbol of sustainability for Dubai, as well as being a symbol of the future.
The UAE has extravagant cities, famous for being both modern and luxurious and has some of the most astonishing buildings with state-of-the-art developments by fine architects; Dubai’s self-powered rotating skyscraper is no different. When completed, this project will be the first of its kind and will mark the beginning of a new era on architectural style constructions by challenging the notions of traditional structural design.
Intesa Sanpaolo is participating in the Government’s Italian System Mission in the UAE to be presented to Emirati and international investors through various meetings starting from the presentation of the Italian Special Economic Zones and, in particular, the three SEZs of Southern Italy, with an event under the auspices of the Italian Embassy at the Dubai International Financial Centre, on Tuesday 16 April. The meeting, expected to be attended by the Italian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Economic Development Luigi Di Maio, will be dedicated to enhancing investment opportunities in Italy and developing trade and economic potential linked to these areas.
The meeting will feature speeches by Massimo Deandreis, General Manager of SRM, Francesco Guido,Intesa Sanpaolo Regional Manager of Campania, Basilicata, Calabria and Puglia, and Pietro Spirito, Ugo Patroni Griffi and Sergio Prete, the chairmen of the Naples, Bari and Taranto SEZs, respectively. The closing session will be moderated by Christophe Hamonet, Head of Dubai branch, which is Intesa Sanpaolo’s hub for Middle East, Turkey and Africa. The event will be open to a public of SMEs and about 200 investors and will focus on the vast opportunities for foreign investments concerning infrastructure, logistics, energy, ITC, circular economy and the manufacturing and service industry that the SEZs offer companies thanks to favourable fiscal arrangements and administrative simplifications.
For these reasons, since November 2017 Intesa Sanpaolo, as the first and only bank in Italy to support the SEZs, provided a credit ceiling of 1.5 billion euroto encourage investments in production and infrastructure to enhance the ports. Thanks to the central position of the Mediterranean, Italian SEZs play a strategic role as a development engine for Southern Italy, to relaunch Italian ports and trade. In just over a year, even before the completion of the regulatory framework, the Intesa Sanpaolo Group has examined medium and long-term investment projects in the three SEZs in Italy’s south for more than 130 million euro and has already provided 15 million euro also adding to these a structured range of non-financial services for international development and the growth of companies in terms of training, innovation and assessment of opportunities for structured and extraordinary finance transactions. After Dubai, the roadshow will continue in some cities in China by the end of the year.
According to estimates from the Studi e Ricerche per il Mezzogiorno (Srm) centre connected to the Intesa Sanpaolo group, the SEZs, which are starting in Italy although there are already 4,500 operating in the world, after ten years since their establishment generate a 40% increase in exports. For Southern Italy this is worth 18 billion euro, public investments have a multiplier effect of 3:1 and each euro of tax credit generates two euro of private capital, benefiting the entire port and trade system that branches off the Mediterranean.
In 2018 trade between Italy and the UAE equalled 6 billion euro, of which more than 3.6 billion euro (60%) is via maritime transport. Machines and mechanical elements account for about 30% of the goods transported, followed by oil and gas (23%), metals, chemical products, auto-mobiles and the aeronautical sector. However, there are many other sectors which could benefit from new trade via the SEZs connected to our ports. About 20 highly export-focusedcustomer SMEs of the Group that have been selectedfor their excellence in the three SEZs of Southern Italy will be hosted by Intesa Sanpaolo in these two intense days of public and bilateral meetings and will be presented to possible parties in the UAE to expand the business and facilitate trade.
As part of the Government’s Mission, the Intesa Sanpaolo Group is participating in the business forum dedicated to ‘Infrastructures’, with a contribution from Pietro Pelù, the Corporate Commercial Manager of the Group for Campania, Basilicata, Calabria and Puglia, and regarding ‘Energy’ with a contribution fromMassimiano Tellini, head of Circular Economy at the Intesa Sanpaolo Innovation Center. As a SEZs representative, chairman of the Naples SEZ Pietro Spirito is also joining the ‘Infrastructures’ business forum.
Francesco Guido, Regional Manager of Campania, Basilicata, Calabria and Puglia of Intesa Sanpaolo:
“Our aim is to show the potential of Italian ports by encouraging investments by national and foreign operators and supporting our companies with a credit ceiling of 1.5 billion euro to make Italy the leading crossroads in the Mediterranean. In particular, thanks to the collaboration of our Dubai hub, the Intesa Sanpaolo Group’s business is fundamental for trade with the entire Gulf, Middle East and Africa region. Our commitment derives from the firm belief that SEZs represent an unmissable opportunity for the South’s economy which must internationalise and therefore grow in size and generate sustainable employment. However, the contribution offered by the Regions will be crucial”.
Christophe Hamonet, Head of Dubai branch, which is Intesa Sanpaolo’s hub for Middle East, Turkey and Africa:
“The Special Economic Zones may both stimulate the development of Italy’s southern regions and be an interesting opportunity for foreign investors wishing to set up or expand logistic or production sites in the middle of the Mediterranean. These areas boast equipped ports, connections to the European networks, low tax, simplified procedures with the public administration and incentives to adopt a circular economy. The United Arab Emirates is one of the most important stock exchanges in the world, hosting numerous investment funds, banks and multinationals. The Government’s Italian System Mission is an excellent chance to promote the SEZs. Intesa Sanpaolo, the largest Italian bank in the UAE with a branch in Dubai and one in Abu Dhabi, is committed to playing a leading role in facilitating the launch and growth of new economic relationships between the SEZs and interested investors”.
Are you looking to invest in property in 2019? Well, Dubai remains at the forefront for global property investors thanks also to no property taxes.
Dubai has actually suffered a 25 percent annual loss in the real estate sector in 2018, while Abu Dhabi residential prices have fallen by 6 percent over the past year as per Arabian Business (AB). Key reasons for the property market downturn, were identified in “a sharp drop in real estate sales and prices due to oversupply and weak demand.”
But according to the DLD’s Department of Real Estates Studies & Research, despite a fall of new sales transactions for either personal use or for investing, the emirate continues to be a ‘preferred investment destination’. This explains more property developments in the works to entice customers into purchasing a property regardless of market conditions.
In 2019, the market is expected to still be slow and according to property consultancy and chartered surveying firm headquartered in Dubai Cavendish Maxwell’s Property Market Report prices will continue “to decrease from last year, with villas and townhouses now costing, on average, 6.2 percent lower than a year ago.” This with the exception of Business Bay and Jumeirah Beach Residence (JBR).
However, property prices are also tending to stabilize, according to the Dubai Q1 2019 Property MarketReport, especially in hotpots like Dubai Marina and Arabian Ranches. This is good news for those looking to purchase assets in a foreign country. Also, interest remains high in Downtown Dubai and Palm Jumeirah, as well as Marina Pinnacle that are still the most sought-after districts, popular with expats and potential tenants.
According to real estate portal Bayut.com, there are also good news in more affordable neighborhoods like Dubai Silicon Oasis, JVC and Dubai Sports City; these areas have shown a slight increase in prices and a higher volume of interested buyers, thus, making it a high-level investment option.
“However, many potential buyers continue to wait for the market to soften further during the first six months of 2019, [Property Market Report] noted.” Investors are looking for the best conditions to maximize profits. This trend is confirmed by international property company Chestertons, that noted in its Observer 2018 report that the “overall rental rates for apartments and villas softened by 4% and 2% respectively and this is now attracting the interest of would-be investors.
So, are you ready to join the millions of expatriates living in the UAE or make the investment as a second home and earn rental income? (Note: Dubai’s total real estate sector are not subject to the 5 per cent VAT, said Sultan bin Mejren, director general of Dubai Land Department.)
This might be the best time. Dubai will fare better next year for the reason that the international trade fair Expo 2020 is likely to lift the hospitality sector with ready-to-move-in residential plots.
There are several ways to greet when you are in Dubai. It is always nice to address a group of people, but also give everyone a personal greeting, is also better. Salam alaykum”, Peace be upon you, is the most common greeting to which the reply is “Wa alaykum as-salam” and upon you be peace. Middle Easterners often greet each other with a number of ritual phrases and fixed responses. A casual exchange should include an inquiry about a person’s family, children, and health. These quick-fire conversations are ended when one or both parties says “Alhamdulillah” which basically means “Thanks be to God”.
Another way to greet that can be used for anyone at any time of the day is to put the hands together as you approach a person, and kiss on the cheeks saying “Ahlan”. Cheek kissing in the Arab world is relatively common, between friends and relatives. Cheek kissing between males is also very common.
However, cheek kissing between a male and female is usually considered inappropriate, unless within the same family; e.g. brother and sister, or if they are a married couple.
Women normally exchange kisses on alternate cheeks, usually three times. The most common reply is “Ahlan bik” to a male or “Ahlan biki” to a female. To reply to more than one person, say, “Ahlan bikum. Marhaba, which means welcome, is also another way to greet people. The common reply is “Marhaban bik”, “Marhaban biki”, and “Marhaban bikum” to a male, female, and more than one person respectively.
Time greetings during a day, are as follows.
Good morning is “Sabah al-khayr”. The most common reply is “Sabah an-noor” meaning, “morning of light”. The speaker may tweak, “Morning of the rose”, “morning of light” to “Morning of joy”, “Morning of beauty” and so on.
“Good evening” is “Misa’ al-khayr” and is replied to with “Misa’ an-noor”.
The “an-noor” can be replaced depending on the mood.
“Good night” is expressed with “Tisbah ‘ala khayr” which means “wake up to the good” and the responding reply is “Wa anta/anti min ahloo” meaning, “and may you be one of the good”.
As for greetings in the Gulf countries, including the Emirates, men very often greet each other by touching their noses to one another. It goes without saying that this greeting happens between Emiratis only. Men beat their noses together one, two or three times.
This kind of greeting has its cultural origin and reason.
The nose is the symbol of pride and superiority in the Arab world. It has been mentioned in many verses of poetry and folk proverbs, and it is linguistically linked to a large number of qualities that embody characteristics cherished by the Arabs in general and Arab men in particular.
In some tribes, a son greeting his father should also kiss the latter’s head.
In case of apologising, a man very often kisses the other person’s nose, and very often might just say ‘Khashmak’ (your nose) as a symbol of appreciation, respect, and high regard.
Pretty soon, an electric bus will be introduced in Dubai. This special bus, is composed of modular units which can be assembled and disassembled. This bus has been invented by Tommaso Gecchelin and is the fruit of Italian engineering. The bus is fully electrically powered and it has been designed in Padova, where it will also be operational by the end of this year.
The inventor Tommaso Gecchelin said, “The idea was the topic of my graduation thesis at IUAV University. The bus is composed of single units which can be joined and disassembled during a journey. When you need a transport, you have just to call a unit with an app in your smartphone. The unit will arrive at your home to pick you up just like a taxi”.
The company Next Future Transportation, founded by Gecchelin, worked on the design of this fully autonomous driving vehicle, which will be introduced at Expo 2020 in Dubai, a city that immediately showed interest in the project.
The electric vehicle destined to revolutionize the traditional approach to public transport, will be equipped not only with cabins, chairs and standing places, but also with fully interconnected bar corners, bathrooms and tables.
The cabs of the buses can be released and hooked from time to time based on the flows calculated by an algorithm that collects in real time the destinations requested by the users.
Thanks to the especially-designed, the bus can reach anywhere in the city. It can transport passengers to their destinations. After some passengers have got off the bus upon reaching their destination, the corresponding unit will disengage, leaving the other units hooked to drive the remaining passengers to the destination.
This bus has been chosen not only by the city of Dubai on the occasion of EXPO 2020, but also by other big Asian cities which have placed an order for this innovative bus.
Bedouinpopulation usually lived in tents made of animal skins, usually close to wherever their camels could also graze. But when the summer arrived they use to construct houses made of palm fronds as shelter from the heat. These houses were called Bait Areesh or Barasti, and were very simple and built with the intention of staying cool, thanks to the ingenious way there were designed. They were the ideal well ventilated homes for the summer months.
These houses were often built on a higher surface so more wind could pass through. They had wooden frames which were made of split-palm trunks, mangrove poles or any other locally available natural materials. The fronds of the palm would be stripped off to create screens and the full fronds were used to covering the roofs, which were often watered slightly to cool down the temperature of the house, especially during the warmer hours.
The traditional houses in Dubai have evolved over time. In the early 1900 more materials were added to the mix, including limestone, coral, sea stone, mud and mortar derived from seashells. These houses made of coral and limestone were called BaitMorjan and were very well insulated from the heat because of the layering technique used.
The use of mud and clay as building materials keep the cool air trapped inside these desert homes and helped to maintain an optimum temperature.
The reason for transitioning from the Areesh homes to the Morjan was attributed to the need for a more fire resistant material. This also encouraged people to settling down instead of continuing to a nomadic lifestyle.
At the end of the 19th century a new engineering technique, borrowed from Iran, was introduced. In Old Dubai wind towers or Barajils started to be built, and were destined to the elite. The wind towers were used to direct the flow of the wind so that air could be recirculated as a home cooling technique.
In the early 20th century the design of traditional houses started to change, but the wind towers continued to be a feature of them. Homes became more elegant with well defended living quarters opening out into a central courtyard which allowed for better air circulation. The higher walls prevented these houses from the harsh sunlight, and the intricate structures took care of insulation. The rooms are arranged around the courtyard, the most important being the majlis (meeting room).
Houses were also built close to one another, partly for security, and also to provide shade in the narrow alleyways in-between. Although most houses look austere, the overall effect of plainness is relieved by richly carved wooden doors and veranda screens, and by floral and geometrical designs around doorways, windows and arches, fashioned from gypsum and coloured with charcoal powder.
Traditional homes in the UAE desert stayed cool without air conditioning, thanks to the ancient architectural concepts which contributed to keep cool the venues.
People also covered their head and wore loose fitting clothes to stay cool in the heat.
United Arab Emirates is nowadays a modern country with huge developed metropolitan areas with the world’s tallest buildings. If you visit Old Dubai, you will be taken to the past and you will better understand the cultural heritage of the Emirates and its old culture.