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One long-anticipated feature of what is soon to be PowerShell 7 is the use of Windows Forms. Technically, it is the .NET Framework that provides for form handling, but with the latest Preview.2 of PowerShell 7, this is now possible!

Here is a Windows Forms-based script that now works just fine in Powershell 7 Preview 2.

First, here is the code:

# Get-Shares Windows Forms Script
#

# Load System.Windows.Forms
Add-Type -Assembly System.Windows.Forms

# Get PowerShell version details
$Maj = $PSVersionTable.PSVersion.Major
$Min = $PSVersionTable.PSVersion.Minor
$Ver = "$Maj.$Min"

# Create form
$Form = New-Object Windows.Forms.Form 
$Form.Width = 750
$Form.Height = 650
$Form.Text = "My First Windows Forms Application - PowerShell Version $ver"

# Create a "computer name" label control and add it to the form
# Set label location, text, size, etc
$Label1 = New-Object Windows.Forms.Label
$Label1.Location = New-Object Drawing.Point 50, 50
$Label1.Text     = "Computer Name:"
$Label1.Visible  = $true
$Form.Controls.Add($Label1)

# Create a text box to get computer name and add to form
$Text1 = new-object windows.forms.textbox
$Text1.Location = New-Object system.drawing.point 150, 50
$Text1.Text     = "Localhost"
$Text1.Visible  = $true
$Form.Controls.add($text1)

# Create a label to output stuff
$Label2 = New-Object Windows.Forms.Label
$Label2.Location = New-Object Drawing.Point 50, 100
$Label2.Width    = 750
$Label2.Height   = 360
$Label2.Text     = ""
$Label2.Visible  = $true
$Form.Controls.Add($Label2)

# Create a button to get the shares
$Button1          = New-Object Windows.Forms.Button
$Button1.text     = "Push To Get Shares"
$Button1.width    = 150
$Button1.location = new-object drawing.point 350, 50

# Define Getting Shares Button Click handler
$Button1_OnClick = {
  $Label1.Text = "Getting Shares"
  $Shares = Get-CimInstance WIn32_Share -ComputerName $Text1.Text
  $Label2.Font = [System.Drawing.Font]::new('Courier New', 10)

  $Label2.Text = "Shares on $($Text1.Text):`n"
  Foreach ($Share in $Shares) {
    $Name = $Share.Name
    If ($Name.Length -gt 17) {
      $name = $($Name.substring(0,17)+'...').padright(16)
      }

    $Path = $share.Path
    $Label2.Text += "{0,-20}  {1}`n" -f $Name, $Path
  }
  $Label1.Text = "Computer Name:"
}
    
# Add the script block handler
$Button1.Add_Click($Button1_Onclick)    
$Form.Controls.Add($button1)

# Now create a button to close window
$Button2          = New-Object Windows.Forms.Button
$Button2.Text     = "Push To Close Form"
$Button2.Width    = 150
$Button2.Location = New-Object drawing.point 160, 550

# Define Button Click handler
$Button2_OnClick = {
  $Form.Close() 
}

# Add the script block handler
$Button2.Add_Click($Button2_Onclick)    
$Form.Controls.add($Button2)

# finally, show the form as dialog box.
$Form.ShowDialog()


And here you can see the results. First against first a work station:


And here a DC



Success. A working Windows.Forms script that runs great on Windows PowerShell now runs fine in PowerShell 7 Preview.2 (and beyond into infinity....)
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In Windows, PowerShell and CMD.Exe both run inside a console. That console is where programs interact with a command line application. The console inside Windows has not had a lot of love, although has improved of late. But that has just changed big time with the release of the Windows Terminal. If you are running Windows 10 - just go the Windows Store and get it - it's free.

The installation does a great job of detecting the console applications including CMD.EXE, PowerShell.Exe, PWSH.EXE, and the versions of WSL you are running, By default, the terminal installer does not find PowerShell 7.

Configuration of the WIndows terminal is, today, done via hand editing the Profiles.JSON file. On My workstation, this file is: C:\Users\tfl\AppData\Local\Packages\Microsoft.WindowsTerminal_8wekyb3d8bbwe\RoamingState\profiles.json - You may need to adjust it based on your userid.

To enable PowerShell 7,. I just added a new section at the top of the profiles section inside the profiles.json file. I added the following:

 {
   "acrylicOpacity": 0.75,
   "closeOnExit": true,
   "colorScheme": "Solarized Light",
   "commandline": "C:\\Program Files\\PowerShell\\7-preview\\pwsh.exe",
   "cursorColor": "#FFFFFF",
   "cursorShape": "bar",
   "fontFace": "Consolas",
   "fontSize": 12,
   "guid": "{61c54bbd-c2c6-5271-96e7-009a87ff4442}",
   "historySize": 9001,
   "icon": "ms-appx:///ProfileIcons/{61c54bbd-c2c6-5271-96e7-009a87ff44bf}.png",
   "name": "Windows PowerShell 7.0.0 Core Preview",
   "padding": "5, 5, 5, 5",
   "snapOnInput": true,
   "startingDirectory": "%USERPROFILE%",
  "useAcrylic": false
  },

If you wish to add PowerShell 7, as I do, you need to do is to ensure the guid value inside this profile block is unique. You can just munge an existing GUID, as I did, or use New-Guid cmdllet create one know to be unique.

Since I plan to use Pwsh 7 mainly, I also wanted the default shell to default to using PowerShell 7. That also involves updating the Profiles.JSON file. At the top of the file, in the Globals section, change the value of the defaultProfile to the GUID of Pwsh 7. Mine looks like this


{
 "globals" : 
  {
   "alwaysShowTabs" : true,
   "defaultProfile" : "{61c54bbd-c2c6-5271-96e7-009a87ff4442}",
   "initialCols" : 120,
   "initialRows" : 30,
 ... etc


Once I have set these values in the Profile.JSON file, my terminal looks like this:


And away we go. There is far more you can do with the JSON file and I sure hope that by release later this year, there is a GUI to help configure the settings. I don't mind in the least having to deal with the JSON file and can live with this for now. 

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I saw this question in a twitter thread. And a good one it is too. My immediate reaction was: Get-Module, Get-Command, Get-Help, and Get-Member. But those are my most  valuable. So what were my most USED? Turns out there’s a script for that:

PS [C:\foo> ]> Get-MostUsedCommands
Count Name
----- ----
1442 git
832 cd
578 ls
353 f
243 cc

I have uploaded this script to the Spiceworks script library at https://community.spiceworks.com/scripts/show/4644-get-the-most-used-powershell-commands - Feel free to download that code and play with it!

But if you are impatient and want the code, here it is:

Function Get-MostUsedCommands {
   <#
.Synopsis
    Gets most used PowerShell commands
.DESCRIPTION
    Uses the parser and command history to construct a list of the
    most used commands and returns a sorted list. The -TOP parameter
    tells how many results to return.
    Based on a tweet by @stevenjudd
.EXAMPLE
    PS [C:\foo> ]> Get-MostUsedCommands

  Count Name
   ----- ----
    1442 git
     832 cd
     578 ls
     353 f
     243 cc
.EXAMPLE
    Another example of how to use this cmdlet
.INPUTS
    Inputs to this cmdlet (if any)
.OUTPUTS
    Output from this cmdlet (if any)
.NOTES
    Works in Windows PowerShell 5.1, PowerShell 7 Preview 1.
#>
   # Define the parameters
   [CmdletBinding()]
   Param (
     [Alias("GMUC")]
     $Top = 5 # top number of results to return 
   )

  $ERR = $null
   [System.Management.Automation.PSParser]::Tokenize((Get-Content (Get-PSReadLineOption).HistorySavePath), [ref]$ERR) |
     Where-Object { $_.Type -eq 'command' } |
       Select-Object -Property Content |
         Group-Object -Property Content |
           Sort-Object -Property Count, Name -Descending |
             Select-Object -Property Count, Name -first $Top
}         

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The PowerShell ISE has a neat built-in function, PSEDIT. It brings one or more files up into exit windows. I used to use this a lot (in the days before I discovered VS Code!). The PSEDIT function used the $PSISE object to add the files into edit windows. But this does not work from withing the PowerShell console.

But as ever, there's a script for that!  Just add the following function definition into your PowerShell 5.x console:

Function PSEDIT {
[CmdletBInding()]
param([Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]$filenames)
foreach ($filename in $filenames) {
dir $filename | 
  where {!$_.PSIsContainer} |
     %{
        start-process $Pshome\powershell_Ise.exe $filename
      }
   }
}

Once you restart PowerShell, you now have that command avaialble in the console.

Of course, in PowerShell 7, this function does not work since there is no PowerShell ISE V7. In PowerShell 7, you should be using VS Code. Once you install VS Code, typing Code $FileName just works as you would expect - and either start a new instance of VS Code with that file or add the file to an open instance. Very civilised - and another reason I love VS Code.
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In my last blog post, PowerShell 7 Is Here - Getting Started, I showed how you can install PWSH 7 and associated tools. I have had some good feedback on that post so it all seems to work (today!).

Having run the Install-PWSH7 script, which you can find at: https://community.spiceworks.com/scripts/show/4638-install-powershell7, you should now have PowerShell 7 Preview 1 on your system.

The first thing to notice is that the executable is now pwsh.exe. Also, the home directory, aka $PSHOME is now: C:\Program Files\PowerShell\7-preview. What this provides is a mechanism to run multiple versions of PowerShell side by side. On my system, I have PowerShell 5.1, 6.2 and 7.0. If you use the MSI to install PowerShell 7, the installer updates your environment path so you can easily find PWSH.EXE.

The next thing to notice is that there are a lot fewer modules immediately available. Since PowerShell 7 is installed in a different folder, modules you may have with PowerShell 5.1 are not visible. One thing I had to do was copy over my personal modules.

The next thing I found is that some modules do not load naturally. So for example, you can not just use Import-Module to import the ServerManager module. The solution to this is to use the Windowscompatibility module you can find on the PowerShell Gallery. Amongst other things, this module uses implicit remoting to access Windows PowerShell cmdlets from PowerShell7, for those modules that are not compatible directly. 

An example of using this is the Get-EventLog cmdlet. By default, running this cmdlet results in errors. But by using the Import-WinModule Microsoft.PowerShell. Management command you can access the windows event log, like this:


For more information on this module, see https://github.com/powershell/windowscompatibility.

So far, the following modules need to be loaded using Import-WinModule:
  • ServerManager
  • ADDSDeployment (and even then some cmdlets do not work properly).
  • DHCPServer
And finally, there are some things that are either not going to be supported or, arguably, are broken. So far, Windows.Forms, DSC and Workflows are not supported. Support for forms should come in later releases, prior to RTM.

With respect to Active Directory, I've worked out how to promote a server to be the first DC in a new forest but so far, I can not add a second DC to that initial domain. Still playing with that.

Another thing I found that is, arguably broken, is that the System.IO.DirectoryInfo object, returned from Get-ChildItem/GetItem cmdlets has changed the way it returns the parent directory. In PowerShell 5.1, the Parent property is just a relative path,, whereas in later versions this property returns the full path.  This will break some scripts. 



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Like many IT Pros, I’ve been waiting on the first builds of PowerShell 7. Late last week Steve Lee on the PowerShell team inside Microsoft published a road map to PowerShell 7. And on Friday I finally got access to the code! YEAH. It took some playing around with the code, but I now have a basic development environment up and working. And of course, there’s a script for that.
The environment for PowerShell 7, at least for me, includes downloading the latest build and installing Visual Studio Code as my main IDE. Here’s my getting started script:
# 1. Fix Execution polity then install latest versions of Nuget and PowershellGet
Set-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Scope Process -Force
Set-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Force
Install-PackageProvider Nuget -Force |
  Out-Null
Install-Module -Name PowerShellGet -Force –AllowClobber 


# 2. Setup C:\Foo to hold stuff. ignore the error if it already exists,
#    then set location to C:\Foo
New-Item -Path C:\Foo -ItemType Directory –EA 0
Set-Location -Path C:\Foo

# 3. Install PowerShell 7
#    For now, load the preview version.
#    Based on: https://www.thomasmaurer.ch/2019/03/how-to-install-and-update-powershell-6/
$URI = https://aka.ms/install-powershell.ps1
Invoke-RestMethod -Uri $URI |
  Out-File -FilePath C:\Foo\Install-PWSH7.ps1
C:\Foo\Install-PWSH7.ps1 -UseMSI -Preview -Quiet


# 4. Download and save Install-Vscode script from PSGallery
Save-Script -Name Install-VSCode -Path C:\Foo

# 5. Now run it and add in some popular VSCode Extensions
$Extensions = "Streetsidesoftware.code-spell-checker",
              "yzhang.markdown-all-in-one",
              "davidanson.vscode-markdownlint"
$InstallHT = @{
   BuildEdition = 'Stable'
   AdditionalExtensions = $Extensions
   LaunchWhenDone = $true}
.\Install-VSCode.ps1 @InstallHT 

# 6. Install WindowsCompatibility module
# the ServerManager module
Install-Module -Name WindowsCompatibility -Force

In step 1, I update the execution policy, and install the latest versions of the NuGet package provider and get the latest PowerShellGet module. Windows 10 ships with older versions of these tools so updating them is a good thing to do. With step 2, I create a  local folder, C:\Foo, which is where I put stuff.  Feel free to change either or both of these steps to suit your needs. IN step 3, I download and run a script to install PowerShell 7 on the local system.  The code here is a slightly more long-winded (but possibly more easily understandable) version of a one-liner posted by @Steve_MSFT. 
In step 4, I download a script that installs VSCode and in step 5, I run the script. This installs the latest stable version of VSCode along with three useful extensions. Adjust this list as appropriate.                 
Lastly, in step 6, I install the WIndowsCompatibility module – which is going to be useful in order to use PowerShell 7 to support a wider set of modules/cmdlets.  I plan to highlight this in coming blog articles.
Now that you have PowerShell 7 land VSCode, you need to set VSCode to a) use your colour scheme of choice then set the version of PowerShell you want VS Code. On my workstation, here’s how that looks:
So now that you have both PowerShell 7 and VS Code installed, it’s time to start getting used to the new version. My next post is going to be around installing AD, and the issues arising (along with solutions where possible).












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The news is now out and to me clear - the next release of PowerShell, to be known as PowerShell 7 is going to be a huge deal. Steve Lee released the news in a blog post about the next release. There are several big points in Steve's blog post:

First, the next release is going to be called PowerShell 7. They are dropping 'core'  from the product name, and the team are taking the opportunity to up the major build number to 7.0. I think many folks confused the term "core", so this is a great time to tune the product name. The change in version number was also surprising but most welcome - by calling it PowerShell 7, it signals to Windows IT Pros that what you now know as PowerShell Core 6.2 is pretty good on windows (all my Grateful Dead curation scrips work - so that's good!). But it's not 'there' enough: no WPF, no WinForms, and a bunch of cmdlets that are not supported.

Since PowerShell is based on .NET, its hard to do things that are not in the version of .NET in use. So since there is no WinForms support in the .NET version integrated with PowerShell Core 6.2, that version of PowerShell core cannot run Winforms programs. All you need to do is to add the necessary classes and hey presto.

.NET Core 3.0 is the big game changer here. It is intended to have all the underlying APIs that should allow upwards of 90% compatibility with Windows PowerShell 5.1. In my discussions with Steve Lee, I came away with the distinct view that .NET Core would both solve a lot of problems many Windows IT Pros had in adopting the newer versions and be an awesome tool in the Linux world. Imagine being able to write mini-GUIs that work in Linux. Utterly cool in my view and potentially very very useful for the Linux users. When we chatted, the view was to call it PowerShell Core 6.3, but I really like the name PowerShell 7. It not only makes the name easier but it calls out for adoption.

I am looking forward to updating my PowerShell books for PowerShell 7. Can't wait to get stuck in! I'll certainly be blogging more about this new release!
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I’ve just finished writing another book on PowerShell. The book looked at a number of core Windows Features and components, from AD, DHCP/DNS, SMB file sharing and FSRM, Hyper, V and more. Having gone through the process of witting over 125 scripts using a dozen Windows Server 2018 features  has given me a perspective on both PowerShell in use today, and in what it takes, what you really need to know in order to progress from a Google-Engineering assisted journey man into a PowerShell  master.  There is absolutely NOTHING wrong with using Google to get the job done. And for many their career path possibly precludes acquiring deep skills. But if you are the folks who aspire, please read on!

So what do you need to know, to know how to do? The following list is not in any order:

  • Understand and be able to use the PowerShell language - the starting point, for me, is that you know the PowerShell language and can use it. You should understand the core concepts of cmdlets, objects, and the pipeline. You should be familiar the the core approach to discovery (Get-Module, Get-Command, Get-Help, and Get-Member). You need to know how each language feature works and be able to leverage it in your scripts. Knowing the internal architecture of PowerShell is also almost expected.
  • Understand the .NET Framework. Powershell is built on top of .NET – cmdlets work by using .NET. Get-Process, for example, just calls [System.Diagnostics.Process]::GetProcesses(). Also known as a static method (GetProcesses()) on a .NET Class (Systems.Diagnostics.Process). You should understand the architecture of .NET (CLR, BCL, IL and JIT Compilation, .NET Security, and more).  The .NET Framework can often provide functionality for which there are no cmdlets. For example, there a number of .NET classes useful for localisation. Time zones, clock types, DST/ST, etc are all a method call away and therefore easy to use if you know how.
  • Understand how to read C# and be able to convert C# to PowerShell. There is a feast of wonderful examples of more obscure tasks often written in C#. You should be able to read the C# sufficiently to see how the code is doing things, and be able to concert simple snippets into working PowerShell Code. Knowing enough VB.NET to convert it into PowerShell is also a useful skill.
  • Understand COM and COM objects. There are a number of features that make use of COM. The Microsoft Office products can each be automated using PowerShell’s COM interop features. The Performance Logging and Alerting subsystem makes use of COM. You use PowerShell's New-Object cmdlet to instantiate a COM object to specify PLA data collector sets.
  • Know how to use XML. Some features such as the Task Scheduler make use of XML. You should know how to use the XML emitted by windows as well as knowing how to manage XML documents and the DOM. XPath is also a useful skill. The FSRM, for example, produces reports. The report format is fixed and cannot be modified. But the FSRM also produces XML files containing the report’s raw data for you to format to your own needs. PowerShell also makes use of XML for default object formatting. which you can customise to change how PowerShell formats objects.
  • Know how PowerShell modules work. Cmdlets are delivered in modules and you can write your own. Both DSC and JEA leverage modules. You should know where modules are stores, how PowerShell finds them and how it builds the Module cache, what a manifest is.
  • JEA – Also known as Just Enough Administration. It’s a neat feature that enables you to provide delegated permissions to do just those things necessary for a person’s job and nothing more. This is a very useful security feature of Powershell that appeals to large and distributed organisations.
  • Understand how to implement DSC. DSC is a great way to configure hosts and to ensure they stay configured. You should know about DSC resources, setting up DSC pull servers (SMB and Web), and DSC reporting and error logging. You should also know how DSC resources work as well as how to write your own DSC resources)
  • Master Remoting – This is a rich topic area. You should understand the PowerShell Remoting stack (including PSRM, SOAP, WinRM), how end points work and how to create a constrained end point. 
  • Understand at Depth Core Windows Features. I suppose it’s obvious, but to be a PowerShell master you have to be able to apply your skills  to Windows. You should really understand AD (and GPO), SMB (SMB3 SOFS, Clustering and Hyper-Converged S2D), Containers and Docker, Hyper-V (and maybe VMware too!), TCP/IP Networking, Disk/FIle Storage, PLA, Task Scheduler, and probably more.
  • Leverage Azure – Organisations are increasingly moving to the cloud and knowing Azure (or AWS) is also an important skill. With Azure, you should be able to build IAAS objects in cloud including web sites, VMs, and Virtual networks. You should also be able to manage Azure Storage and Content distribution.
  • Be competent at Windows Troubleshooting – There are a variety of good PowerShell tools that assist in Troubleshooting, particularly network troubleshooting. These tools really are second nature to a PowerShell master. And to be a good trouble-shooter you really need to understand what you are troubleshooting. Knowing how to leverage the information in the event logs is also critical. You should become very familiar with docs.Microsoft.com.  And if you ever work out how to fully automate the Windows trouble-shooters – let me know.
  • Use PowerShell Core and VSCode – PowerShell Core 6 is almost a re-invention of PowerShell. Cross-platform, open source, based on .NET Core which is also open source along with a totally new development tool (VS Code). Arguably,6.1 and 6.2 are not quite ready for hard core usage across all features. But it’s close – I am now using the developing 6.2 and VS Code in preference to the ISE and Windows PowerShell. My Grateful Dead scripts even work in PS Core! There are a number of features that do not work with PowerShell Core. Today, for example, DSC and Windows Forms are not supported (although 6.3 should support Windows.Forms!).

So a baker’s dozen of things you really need to know, and know how to do with PowerShell.

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In testing any new feature, one technique for getting users to use (and test) the feature is known as feature flags.  Essentially these are settings (flags) that signal you should gain access to those experimental features. The allows a user to opt-in to testing the new features. Thus is a big application, such as PowerShell, most users just use the published feature set. But if you know how, you can turn on some interesting new features. And of course if you do not like a given experimental feature, you can turn it off.  Let’s look at hot oaccess these features. In this blog post, I am using PowerShell Core 6.2.0-rc.1. If you install different versions, your mileage is going to vary!

Finding Experimental features

Finding experimental features is pretty easy. Hey – this is PowerShell and you should know what to do). Like this:

PS [C:\foo> ]> Get-ExperimentalFeature
Name                        Enabled Source   Description
----                        ------- ------   -----------
PSCommandNotFoundSuggestion   False PSEngine Recommend potential commands based on fuzzy search on a CommandNotFoundException
PSImplicitRemotingBatching    False PSEngine Batch implicit remoting proxy commands to improve performance
PSTempDrive                   False PSEngine Create TEMP: PS Drive mapped to user's temporary directory path
PSUseAbbreviationExpansion    False PSEngine Allow tab completion of cmdlets and functions by abbreviation

So these four experimental feature present on 6.2.0-rc.1 all look pretty cool to me.  The usefulness of these may vary. For me tablcompletion of cmdlet names using abbreviations could interesting. Potentialy really useful so worth looking at even though as I think about it – if the alias is any good, it’s wired into my fingers thus it may be a feature that I never use. Creating the TEMP: folder is something I would take advantage of. The PSCommandNotFoundSuggestion just helps IT Admins to find what they need. And the batching of implicit remoting commands could be very useful if you are, for example, managing Exchange On-Line  using local PowerShell and importing the session.

Enabling Experimental Features

Again – this is PowerShell so: Simples:

PS [C:\foo> ]> Get-ExperimentalFeature | Enable-ExperimentalFeature
WARNING: Enabling and disabling experimental features do not take effect until next start of PowerShell.
WARNING: Enabling and disabling experimental features do not take effect until next start of PowerShell.
WARNING: Enabling and disabling experimental features do not take effect until next start of PowerShell.
WARNING: Enabling and disabling experimental features do not take effect until next start of PowerShell.

So very simple to add in. Due to how these features are implemented you nee to restart Pwsh before you can access the fetures:


Using Experimental Features:

The Command not found suggestion feature is nice. After enabling, PowerShell does a better job of handling typos, like this:

PS [C:\foo> ]> get-chliditem
get-chliditem : The term 'get-chliditem' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program.
Check the spelling of the name, or if a path was included, verify that the path is correct and try again.
At line:1 char:1
+ get-chliditem
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ CategoryInfo          : ObjectNotFound: (get-chliditem:String) [], CommandNotFoundException
+ FullyQualifiedErrorId : CommandNotFoundException


Suggestion [4,General]: The most similar commands are: Get-ChildItem, Get-ChildItem2.

Nice.  It could be really useful where you have long cmdlet names


Disabling Experimental Features

Needless to say, disabling them is simple too: Use the DisableExperimentalFeature cmdlet to disable the commands.


Summary

Experimental features are PowerShell Core features that may or may not be added to future versions of PowerShell Core. They are easy to enable, consume, and disable as you wish but use at your own risk.

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In my recently published book (Windows Server 2019 Automation with PowerShell), I included several recipes to show how to install DHCP, how to setup a scope, and how to setup DHCP load balancing and fail over. This blog post looks at the steps involved.

In this walk through, I assume you have two servers on which you wish to run DHCP. Many smaller organisations install DHCP on their DCs for simplicity – I’m assuming the two servers are DC1.Reskit.Org and DC2.Reskit.Org. You also need to determine what IP addresses to hand out (this sample uses the rante 10.10.10.150-10.10.10.199), the subnet mask (255.255.255.0), and an IP address for the DHCP Server.

Hree are the steps:

1. Install DHCP Service on DC1, DC2

# Create a script block
$SB1 = {
  # Install the service
  Install-WindowsFeature -Name DHCP -IncludeManagementTools
  # Add the DHCP server's security groups
  Add-DHCPServerSecurityGroup
  # Let DHCP know it's all configured
  $RegHT = @{
    Path  = 'HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\ServerManager\Roles\12'
    Name  = 'ConfigurationState'
    Value = 2  }
  Set-ItemProperty @RegHT
}
# Run the script block on DC1, DC2
Invoke-Command –Computer DC1 –ScriptBlock $SB1
Invoke-Command –Computer DC2 –ScriptBlock $SB1
# Authorise the DHCP server in AD
Add-DhcpServerInDC -DnsName DC1.Reskit.Org
Add-DhcpServerInDC -DnsName DC2.Reskit.Org
# Restart the DHCP Service on DC1, DC2
$SB2 = {
  Restart-Service -Name DHCPServer –Force
}
Invoke-Command –Computer DC1 –ScriptBlock $SB2
Invoke-Command –Computer DC2 –ScriptBlock $SB2


2. Create a DHCP Scope

# Add new DHCP Scope to DC1
$SHT = @{
  Name = 'Reskit'
  StartRange   = '10.10.10.150'
  EndRange     = '10.10.10.199'
  SubnetMask   = '255.255.255.0'
  ComputerName = 'DC1.Reskit.Org'
}
Add-DhcpServerV4Scope @SHT

3. Configure DHCP Server Options

# Set DHCP V4 Server Option Values
$OHT = @{
  ComputerName = 'DC1.Reskit.Org'
  DnsDomain    = 'Reskit.Org'
  DnsServer    = '10.10.10.10'
}
Set-DhcpServerV4OptionValue @OHT

4. Configure Fail Over/Load Balancing between DC1 and DC2

$FHT = @{
  ComputerName       = 'DC1.Reskit.Org'
  PartnerServer      = 'DC2.Reskit.Org'
  Name               = 'DC1-DC2'
  ScopeID            = '10.10.10.0'
  LoadBalancePercent = 60
  SharedSecret       = 'j3RryIsG0d!'
  Force              = $true
}
Add-DhcpServerv4Failover @FHT

After you complete these two steps, both DC1 and DC2 are able to satisfy DHCP configuration requests on the 10.10.10/0 subnet, can provide some options to DHCP clients along with offered IP address and the subnet mask, and is in a fail over/load balancing relationship.

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