Building and managing infrastructure is a complex and challenging task for all the parties concerned. Given the geographical span and nature of these projects, carrying out improvements to the existing infrastructure and constructing new one within the stipulated budget and time-frame while ensuring workers’ safety is a no mean task. These projects are typically characterized by cost over-runs and minimizing costs holds a key to the successful completion of these projects. Scanning has been a blessing for all the stakeholders in the AEC industry. Point cloud data generated by high-definition laser scanners capture as-built conditions precisely and with lesser efforts. Tesla Outsourcing Services has been working on Scan to BIM projects for several countries wherein the clients send us the point cloud data and we generate a BIM model for further processing. One of our clients used Leica BLK360 to capture a 100 km road network which had several lanes and bridges across the span. The client was responsible for maintaining and expanding the network. This blog shows how the scanner enabled the company to overcome the challenges posed by the adverse scanning conditions and complex project.
Our client had bagged a project of building, operating, and improving a 100 km crucial road network that consisted of several lanes, ancillary structures, and bridges. There were close to 70 bridges and several ancillary structures in the network. The detailed scope of the project was to evaluate the existing network and carry out repair works or erecting new structure wherever deemed fit. Once the network is upgraded, the client was also responsible to maintain the infrastructure. This required several existing condition details such as identifying exact areas with exposed reinforcement and concrete delamination, etc. It was a challenging task as the existing data was in the form of hand drawings that dated back to the 70s. Moreover, these drawings were not updated thereafter and hence, did not reflect the current conditions. To capture this, it was decided to use modern day scanning technology.
Complexity and Adversity of managing road infrastructure
Closing down the road for scanning was not possible as road closure was a costly affair that also involved a lot of efforts in terms of planning and scheduling. To put this in perspective, sample this: it would cost close to $5500 to arrange for a complete road closure that was required for scanning a single bridge. With approx. 70 bridges in the network, the cost adds up considerably. Hence, it was decided to carry out the survey while the network was fully functional.
Scanning the infrastructure with the roads fully functional is a very adverse and risky situation. Deploying a team of surveyors in the middle of the road to capture the minute details of the underside of the bridges puts them at a very high risk. The client was on a look-out for a scanner that can offset this adverse scanning condition. They eventually zeroed on Leica BLK360. It is the latest technology to capture reality and is the smallest and lightest scanner available. It can be safely parked behind the safety barrier or on the hard shoulder to capture the difficult areas (such as the underside of the bridges) and creating a detailed 3600 image and precise point clouds within a couple of minutes.
Employing Leica BLK360
Leica BLK360 is an extremely portable and user-friendly device that can be operated with a single push of a button. It can be operated by a single user and does not require a team to carry out the survey. The client created full-colour panoramic images overlaid on a precise point cloud data of all the components of the infrastructure network. By employing Autodesk ReCap Pro mobile-device app to stream point cloud data and images to an iPad, they created RCP files for further processing and creating meaningful deliverables. These RCP files were then provided to Tesla for Point Cloud to BIM Services conversion. The BIM model generated was eventually used in upgrading and maintaining the network.
Smart Buildings are types of structures and buildings that have sensors, and microchips implemented to collect data and manage the data to effectively run the building’s operations and services such as thermal, power, lighting, heating and more. It helps the construction professionals to improve asset management, which reduces energy use, optimizes how space is used and eliminates the environmental impact of the buildings.
Smart Buildings is continuously changing as it is connected to a network with adaptable and intelligent software. Occupants living in a smart building are more productive with lighting, thermal comfort and air quality attained at lower costs and took care of the environment.
Smart Buildings is created while connecting the core systems such as thermal power, lighting, etc. to sensors and control systems of the building. Control system in the building includes elevators, access systems, chiller and shading. Smart buildings settle integration principal that have technology integrated with a smart power grid.
Benefits of Smart Buildings
Smart Buildings is automated systems that are beneficial to both the owner and the firm working within it. Due to actuators and sensors being connected to core systems of the building, it provides energy savings and aids in productivity as everything is controlled by intelligence. It can reduce energy costs, increase the productivity of facility staff and improves building operations. It supports sustainability maintenance and enhances decision-making across companies. It is a wireless technology and can be accessed from anywhere. Due to digital infrastructures enables intelligent building management systems. It improves data gathering and supervising devices along with information and communication network in a smart building.
Smart buildings have sensors in the system that helps to identify any technical fault in the equipment malfunction before any event occurs. Gathering data from sensors are accurate, supervised, and the temperature is adjusted.
How will it affect Architecture Design and its salient features?
Smart Building is improving the building performance and where the occupant can live comfortably. Automated equipment such as green roofs, energy efficient processes and security system must be used in a way that aesthetically appeals the building creation. For the creation of a smart building, Architectural 3D Modeling Services and 3D Rendering Services must be of high-quality, accuracy and include new concepts.
Apart from automated control systems, the smart building has fixed attributes such as windows, envelopes, etc. that plays a significant role in the construction of a smart building. Technologies associated with a building’s system makes the building’s performance improved. All the construction professionals related to building management will collaborate with architects to develop a facility program that includes objectives of making building, aesthetics, cost budgets, energy use and environmental impact.
Here comes the responsibility of the designing team to develop facility program into a design, assess the design requirements, detail the project design and create construction documents. For smart building construction, designers need to be technically sound and experienced. Architectural design must get used to increase the level of complexity. Designers use the building material based on ease of construction, aesthetics, durability and costs.
With the implementation of BIM Modeling Services, all the aspects of building can be viewed in 3D BIM Model that would facilitate information detail about scheduling, cost estimation, durability and sustainability of the building project. Designing smart buildings can be executed with the advent of the Internet of Things (IOT) that describes the process of devices, humans being connected to a network through technology. IOT is the technology used in smart building concept. For instance, lights of a room can be switched off while no one in it.
There are many possibilities for the architects in designing smart buildings as making the building virtual and smart; the role of architects becomes more ideating towards concept implementation and designing. They make the design more accurate, cost-effective and initiate ideas that aids in making the building smarter.
Smart Building is going to be the most prevailing concept in the construction industry as it is also known as the green building concept that constructs the building or structures according to environment-friendly. All the building material here used by the architects needs to chosen prominently as it will make the building sustain for longer and flexible. Architects will prepare the design of building object according to all the measures of a smart building, keeping in mind. It implies the IOT technology in a smart building as devices are interconnected with a control system of building that includes heating, ventilation and chiller plant aspect. Most of the countries are using these concepts as it is getting compulsion by the government to make the building green, and only then it will be approved.
Drone technology is among one of the entrancing construction trends since the past few years. Drone technology offers benefits from on-site safety to remote monitoring that has revolutionized the entire project’s life-cycle. Drone photos, images, and videos enable the construction professionals to scope out projects, track building progress and real-time updates are attained. Drones are also called an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAVs) that plays a vital role in the construction industry.
Drone technology has transformed the planning stage of construction along with land surveying and data capturing. The drone is gaining popularity in the construction industry due to two reasons-they can save time and money of the developers. Builders use Drones for an aerial view of any sites at ease and capture real-time data to understand what’s going on in the site.
Drones are commonly used for progress tracking where less time is spent mapping a job site; contractors get knowledge about every aspect of the project. Drones keep the project on track due to smooth communication.
Drones technology have helped the construction companies in providing their clients with BIM 4D Services that are associated with the time frame of finishing the project process and 5D BIM Services that is a cost that the company intervenes into material and technology must be optimized and used in the project.
Ways how Drone Technology is affecting the Construction Industries
Land surveying: Land surveying was complexes and expensive part of the construction. Traditional land surveillance methods are replaced by UAVs and are emerging as provides bird’s eye view of the site. Drone technology has reduced labor and time to provide accurate surveys. It eliminates errors made in the construction process as compared to humans and can capture data in less time. The contractors can make estimates and accept contracts.
Marketing and promotion: Construction Companies uses drones to film aerial shot of site before development. Visualization of barren land can be done with the help of 3D Rendered and scale models of the finished product, a high shot of site from multiple angles. Drone photography and videos can help the potential client to communicate easily, and task forces the viability of the project. Drone helps to facilitate communication and surveillance. Due to this, an increase in efficiency is attained from the ability to collect real-time data from drones.
Safety and insurance: In case you use UAVs you get discount in an insurance claim to identify the site to find errors and fix potential problems. Using drones serious injuries and death can be prevented to coworkers or end users in the construction industry. Drones help in increase of security efficiency, and it overlooks the implementation in the construction industry.
Job progress to clients: Clients fund the construction projects and has the right to intervene into the construction process hence sending regular drone videos and images of the site helps them to know the status of construction projects. In this way, communication of the site is done between clients and construction professionals if not visiting the site.
Monitoring multiple job sites: Contractors can stay on-site during the entire life-cycle of construction project and rely on information from foremen and inspectors for regular updates. With the help of drone monitoring multiple job sites are easier. Drones can provide you with views of a site and aerial shots that depict the actual work that is going on and what needs to be done. For large scale projects, UAVs are used to make sure things are running smoothly and on schedule. Creating Real-time monitoring system is adopted by many construction companies.
Construction inspection: Public interest group and clients involve into inspection that is a vital part for the construction companies. Drones are used to capture images and video that prevents delays and distractions into an inspection of the project. Drones can be implemented anywhere and can give detailed inspection about the project from any site angle. Inspection can be done faster, safer and easier through drones and aids in saving time and money to keep the site secure.
Monitoring workers: Drones helps the construction companies to know what their coworkers are doing and are they following protocol or not. Any coworker can be prevented from injuries while constant monitoring on them by drones.
Advantages and Disadvantages of using Drone Technology in the Construction Industry
Drones have become an essential technology to be used in construction companies. It can produce high-quality images and video that enables the client to communicate easily with coworkers and monitor their task being performed on-site construction project.
Some advantages and disadvantages are here that it imposes:
Drones help in better construction and site monitoring saving time and money incurred on the construction projects. It enables the construction professionals to calculate various types of material inventory, stockpile volume, length, width and elevation for roads and structures. It marks the images and maps for easier communication flow. Drone can effectively contribute to the Architecture discipline in a way that clients can enhance virtual tour of the building through 3D Rendering Services, images and videos that can eliminates last minute changes to the design process and error are resolved here too.
Two operators are needed to handle the commercial drone at the same time. Operators need to be trained to use it on-site and resolve relevant issues with it. They even require knowledge and experience of operating drones. Weather needs to be taken into consideration for drone’s safety and effective use. Drones equipment is expensive that often companies are not willing to implement and have a huge up-front cost that makes the technology stay in long-run to make a lot of money.
Construction Industries need adoption of Drone Technology for their projects to get rendered images and videos to communicate with the stakeholders and owners about the progress of the construction project. Drones are popular in the construction industry but at the same time expensive for them to implement technology and faces problem in its usage. It works best for the clients to monitor the process and workers involved in the project and supervise them from anywhere and from any angle images and video can be fetched. Errors identified can get quickly resolved with the usage of drones.
Computer Aided Drafting and Computer Aided Manufacturing are both technologies used for product designing and manufacturing purposes by the designers or drafters through designing software.
CAD Service Providers generates accurate and scaled models on the users input. An individual CAD model is coherence as components of an assembly to create a final product that fixes parts that can be verified. 3D model using AutoCAD software can be built for the design of components and its fixtures. Before constructing a building or structure, the model can be viewed from any angle virtually.
CAM is a manufacturing tool worked by computers that carries a lot of processes automatically such as cutting, turning, milling, routing and printing of solid materials. Once the design and analysis part of the product is manufactured through computers to check the product is made and by which process and how much time it took.
Difference between CAD and CAM
CAD is used to transform the idea of product into detailed engineering design. It aids in creating product’s geometric model that can be manipulated, analyzed and refined. CAM is used for automating production tasks and controls machine and systems by the manufacturing team.
CAD includes the process of defining the 3D model, translating the definition, interface and documentation. CAM includes processes of geometric modeling, numerical control programs, inspection and packaging.
CAD requires design concepts and analysis of product whereas CAM requires control and coordination of physical process, material and labor.
Advantages of CAD and CAM
It reduces the cost of hiring draftsmen for designing a product and directly generates cutting data for CNC machines. Scaling and re-scaling modification in drawings are easier and accurate. It accommodates storage and rectifies models easily. 3D Model can be examined before producing products from materials. It increases the speed of production and requires less labor as the machine performs all the work of a human.
It requires less labor intensive and saves labor cost as it can perform work electronically which requires minimum supervision. Machines are accurate, and the process is repeated automatically with large quantities. The occurrence of errors is less here, and it can run continually. A virtual machine can help in evaluating the outcomes and routines effectively.
Disadvantages of CAD and CAM
Being computerized systems it can cause the problem of viruses and power cut can stop work in the middle. An industrial version of the software is expensive. The traditional method is lost, and accuracy is machine-driven. The training cost is more for learning the software.
It needs a huge investment in software, maintenance cost and start-up cost is more. Fewer workforces with high-level manual skills are required in carrying out the manufacturing process of design. Highly trained professionals are required for setting-up procedures and tooling.
CAD and CAM are connected terms that are used where the computers are involved in the design and manufacturing process of a product. These are technologies that have their pros and cons and require in-depth analysis of different processes that they possess. CAD helps in the design process of a product that is accurate and precise. CAM is the manufacturing process of a product that speeds productivity and less labor cost is incurred.
We often hear about the remarkable potential of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in communication and collaboration in construction which could eventually result in boosted productivity and higher margins.
Nevertheless, BIM holds immense potential for construction and engineering in other areas, as well. Safety is, undoubtedly, one of the fields where BIM can make a big difference.
That is of paramount importance, if we consider that construction is one of the most dangerous industries to work in.
With all that in mind, we present today some of the reasons why BIM could play a decisive role in revolutionising safety on site.
Some stats about construction safety
Before we dig deeper into the different ways BIM can have a positive impact on construction safety, it would be a good idea to take a closer look at some stats and numbers concerning the hazards that workers have to face on the site on a day-to-day basis.
In a nutshell, here are some of the most eye-catching statistics about accidents and safety in the construction industry:
Based on numbers of the ILO (International Labour Organization), almost 60,000 workers are fatally injured on a construction site every year.
Falls appear as the number one fatal threat for people working on site. This fact triggers many questions about the safety measures on the field.
During a 45-year career in construction, workers have a 0,5% possibility of getting involved in a fatal accident. That’s probably the highest percentage compared to all other industries.
Poor experience or lack of training is seen as two of the main factors behind the vast majority of accidents in the construction industry. This assumption is supported by the fact that 60% of the accidents in the sector happen in the first year of employment on site (based on BLS – Bureau of Labor Statistics).
In total, 20% of fatal accidents on a working space are connected to the construction industry.
The role of BIM in improving safety on site
The numbers mentioned above prove on an emphatic way that there is still a long way to go for construction in terms of workplace safety. BIM can be part of this solution as it enables better communication between the different sides and offers a better overview of the construction site.
In short, this is how BIM can raise the safety standards in the industry and introduce a new era on the field:
Easier hazard prediction and prevention
Through the power of data and the open collaborative model, project management teams in construction would be able to stay one step ahead of everything that happens on site.
The full virtual visualisation of the built structure can help the construction team to locate hazardous situations before they even become apparent. Sometimes as early as at the design process.
It goes without saying that a safety by design approach could help the construction industry to act faster and improve in terms of training and onsite preparation. As BIM technology progresses, it is expected that the industry will invest more time and resources in that direction.
As a natural continuation of the first point, virtual safety tours are considered to be one of the biggest contributions of BIM in construction. More analytically, thanks to the virtual model of the building, the project team would be able to search the entire building and identify any potential sources of danger.
Furthermore, such a model would enable them to conduct safety stress tests which would provide them with a more complete idea regarding the limits of the built structure. To put it simply, it would allow the testing of different hazardous scenario on a virtual level.
It doesn’t take much to understand that such a possibility would allow stakeholders in construction to develop a great number of safety plans and be more prepared in case that a crisis situation appears on the field.
Offsite construction and prefabrication
Offsite construction and modularisation are continuously gaining more attention in the course of the last two decades in construction. The reason is, of course, the lower cost and the better prediction of the different project phases.
A more standardised building approach would eventually have a great effect on safety, too. The ability to move many of the onsite construction activities to a warehouse or a factory eliminate automatically a considerable number of hazards on site (eg. working at heights).
What’s more, prefabrication equals a repetitive and exhaustively defined process which in the long run could decrease dramatically the room for errors (eg. the use of specific type of tools and equipment).
Fact-based analysis of an accident
No matter how careful a construction team is, the possibility of an accident will always be there. If, for any reason, this accident actually happens then BIM can play a critical role in analysing the accident with precision and identifying the true factors behind it.
Being able to virtually replicate the accident would help the project team to take all the necessary measures in order to ensure that such an incident won’t happen again.
This would eventually lead to better-defined guidelines around safety and a better understanding of the numerous hazards on site.
Lastly, BIM could contribute to the quick resolution of legal conflicts related to construction safety as it would offer to the two sides all the data they need in order to figure out the person (or people) responsible behind an accident.
5. Real-time collaboration
Working on an open collaborative model means that all members of the team have always access to an up-to-date version of the reality on the field. This is of vital importance if we consider that it would leave no room for misunderstanding and therefore no room for mistakes.
In addition, everybody can easily get informed about the different specifications for the project and can have a good grasp about the onsite logistics.
Knowing with accuracy, for example, when and what type of equipment and vehicles will be on the site allow the workers to plan accordingly and put together a functional safety strategy. This could translate to safer onsite maintenance and better material management (eg. wider lanes for the safe delivery of the equipment/materials).
Wrapping it up
All in all, it is evident that Building Information Modeling can change dramatically the way construction plans and operates in terms of safety. The virtual representation of every stage in a project will result in a safer onsite process and will lay the groundwork for higher levels of predictability and standardisation in the construction industry.
About the author: Anastasios Koutsogiannis is Content Marketing Manager at LetsBuild.
Revit based parametric families have a significant impact on the Architectural, Engineering and Construction Industries. It has shown drastic progress in the industry with their range of components, easy to manipulate the components and to provide accurate data at the end along with results that aids in saving cost and time. Revit families are known as the building blocks of the AEC Industry and are also named as Revit Content Creation Services or Revit Family Creation Services.
Introduction to Revit Family Creation
Revit families involve a group of components that can be used to build a model like windows, doors, etc. with common properties, parameters, and virtual model. Each family has multiple types like different sizes and materials. Changes are automatically updated to a particular family item throughout the project. Family items in Revit are already built-in.
Any new family can be added easily. Revit Family files also known as RFA files can be laden using Revit family Manager from the software. Exported element’s variable can be added to an external database like familit dbManager and can be linked to Revit Project easily. Familit dbManager support other database engines such as MySQL, Oracle, and XML. DbManager’s function includes searching, grouping, sorting, zooming and calculating. It’s ideal to use dbManager for Revit to generate facility management, resource management, and analytical reports.
If a project has specific requirements, the family editor tool can alter existing elements and can create new if required. If the Revit Families is altered or new is created than both standard benchmarks, and customized components to the building model are enabled. Design changes can be made easily and can control similar elements.
Revit 3D Modeling
Families in Revit 3D Modelling includes
It consists of a basic aspect of Revit family creation such as walls, floors, duct, and beams in the Coordinated BIM Model. These elements are used for assembling while construction or at time of installation. System families are in-Built in Revit software without saving or re-creating within the software.
These families are implemented for multiple projects if parametric. The file format for Revit Family is .RFA that is externally created and independent models can be imported into Revit projects.
Annotations such as text, dimensions or tags are loaded by the Revit Families. Annotation families can be displayed in view that you place them.
Customized elements are created with specific parameters such as size, materials, etc. for limited use in the model.
Advantages of Revit Family Modeling
Revit families provide many benefits to the AEC industry for delivering a precise design.
Dimension tools option in the Revit software enables accurate dimensions to various components of the Revit family, and while it is placed, it can automatically assign dimensions to the elements in the family.
Parametric families can be changed and edited in terms of materials and sizes. The family editor creates 2D and 3D families that can be parametric and non-parametric families. A change in a single family is stored as types. Non-parametric families have unique properties that cannot be altered or modified.
With Revit tools, families created can easily be modified, enabling professionals to design and build with precision.
Saves upon Time and Cost
Professionals spend less time for modification be done in Revit families. Revit family’s elements can be used for other projects in the future, and it saves time and effort on not recreating it.
In the AEC Industry, Revit family creation or modeling is the served as a foundation for disciplinary models such as Architectural and MEP. It increases the accuracy of the models, enables changes in components and saves time and effort. It has proven to be a cost-effective process for construction projects. Data created in families can be re-used for future use.
BIM Services have become extremely popular these days and is very much in demand. However not everyone is willing to make shift to virtual construction modeling owing to additional investment, training, hiring cost and BIM Implementation process. These costs will actually be over and above all other costs that they are already incurring to keep the business up and running. Hence hiring BIM partners to fulfill your BIM requirement is the best option. As we all know BIM industry is growing and there are plenty of CAD and BIM companies’ worldwide providing extended support to Architectural firms, Construction Companies, MEP consultants and contractors etc.
There are some important factors that need to be kept in mind before you choose your BIM Partner. It is important that the partner you choose is able to fulfill your requirements in a proper manner without any additional effort from your end. There are some evaluation criteria’s that needs to be fulfilled prior to choosing a BIM Modelling company, since a wrong choice made can actually prove to be a major hassle later in terms of your reputation.
Experience and Market positioning: It is important to check the marketing position and the overall experience that the BIM Company possesses in total along with the diversity of projects handled. There are many BIM Engineers who post on multiple website for free-lance jobs, some companies have limited experience in executing large scale or Medium scale projects though they might have great examples on website that are posted.
Inspect what you expect: It is very important to outline your project scope of work and deliverable expectation very candidly to the potential BIM Modelling companies that you are considering. Once they present their strengths, sample work, resource skill sets and track record you can request for a pilot project. Also you can request them to present the source file (BIM Model) of the project image they have provided you. It is favorable to check the BIM Families used the template, standards and many other parameters that they have used. Also it is important to see the overall finesse and accuracy level after comparing the file with the input specification of any project. Such a detailed inspection of the model will give you a very clear picture whether the company is ideal to proceed further.
Ability to provide references: “Word of Mouth” is again an important aspect in Architectural & Engineering companies and Construction Companies. If the BIM Service Company that you are intending to associate is really an experienced one, they will have companies that can give you a reference of their work. If they are reluctant to provide references or are not having one then it is a red flag. You can prepare a reference check format which can be emailed to the client. You can discuss the issues they may have faced with the company and also probe further on the ability to deliver a project in a short turnaround time or in pressure. Also try to understand the strength of a company along with the challenges they may have faced.
Overall BIM Experience helps: It is also preferable that the BIM Service provider is an overall expert in all facets of BIM. It helps a client achieve a quick turnaround time and eases communication hazards. When you have one company expert in only BIM Modelling and BIM Coordination, you may have to look for another company which is expert in 4D or facility management. Transferring data or models from one company to another company again will increase the error index and project management time. It is also difficult to handle multiple companies and will not be profitable association.
Profitability: BIM Service Providers usually offer very low hourly rates for the services, however this certainly does not mean that this can save your overall cost with the help of this hourly rate. Do not select the BIM partner or company based on the low hourly rate. It is imperative to check the stability, the skill set and finally the capability to deliver the project within a quick turnaround time. Also it is important to ensure that your reputation is safe guarded and you do not end up doing lot of changes, mark ups and quality checks to ensure that the project is delivered with high quality. Certainly when you spend a lot of time checking, marking up and monitoring the project there is less profitability.
It is then better to hire your own staff and manage the project. Time is money, hence it is always better to ensure that as a client you choose the best company to work on. Saving overhead cost is one of the primary reasons of choosing an external company as a BIM partner. If you end up doing complete project management with the external partner too, you lose money.
Communication Skills and accessibility: Apart from project execution skills and management abilities it is important that you also have a good accessibility to the BIM Company that you are working with. Accessibility means a full time point of contact or a Project Manager who takes accountability of the projects. They should be available to talk and discuss critical issues, dispatch schedules, updates etc. Having a quick response time to your emails certainly is one of the key strengths you should look for. It makes a great difference in overall project management and helps timely delivery of projects. Also it gives a collaborative approach that makes communication crisp and interesting. Not having a quick response time can impact a project negatively causing lot of stress and unpleasant experience.
English communication is vital if you choose an outsourced BIM Partner. Countries like India have good ratio of English speaking Architects and Engineers however when you choose countries like China, English language can be challenging. With outsourcing BIM companies, time zone overlap can also be advantageous. Countries like India can offer excellent time zone overlaps and can give you a quick turnaround.
Company Strength is the key to a successful project. The company size and resource strength needs to be minimum of 25 to 30 Architects or Engineers. If the company has less technical staff it is very difficult to manage large scale or medium scale project. The BIM partner should be in a position to allocate resources keeping in mind the turnaround time. In case there is a need to add in more resources during the execution the company should be able to do that. Also it is important to have a good number of experienced BIM Architects and Engineers with ample expertise of working on Virtual Construction Modeling projects.
In case of emergencies, unplanned leaves or other issues of the staff, it is always better to have a staff back up that can seamlessly execute the project without any hiccups or errors. It is better to associate with a BIM Service provider with a good established hierarchy, a Project Manager with a mix of Senior and Junior Architects along with some trainees too. Trainees can be useful in executing some simple part of the projects that do not require much of experience.
Conclusion: Finally, when we evaluate a company based on all these criteria’s there are less chances of making a wrong decision. There are many BIM companies available that are willing to act as an extended arm to serve Architectural firms, Construction companies, MEP Contractors etc.
Architecture is a discipline that includes dealing with building design and non-building structures. An architect’s job is to create the aesthetic feel and look of the building and structures that provides shelter to live.
Design Sense: – A good architect has great contemplated for a design that is to be presented on papers to the clients and builders. They have empowered with a design that can be created by just listening and curating ideas by thinking. They must have a good understanding of design processes, such as how to combine visual appeal with functionality and must know how to compromise both together. Creativity is blending for architects to make a design that is worth building. The ability to be creative and innovative often allows them to work in a given set of parameters that contain resolving complex design problems in the built environment while delivering optimal value.
Communication Power: – Architects believes in communicating their ideas, plans and thoughts to the client while showcasing design on papers or through technology advancement. Whatever the demand and requirement of the client are, the architect makes sure that everything in detailed is communicated with them. Apart from clients, there are many people involved in the construction such as construction managers, engineers, contractors and more where you need to liaise with them as well who have different thoughts and interests. Communicating and meeting everybody’s need is the essential role of an architect that will lead to successful delivery of the project.
Listening Skills: – Architect must be pro in communication with the clients, and so they must also be good listeners. They must willingly listen to the ideas of their clients and other people around. They can create a great design based on ideas given by them. Here the process of envisioning utilization of space is done by listening and curating ideas to acquire the final product.
Sketching Skills: – To get accurate design and plan in the drawing, the architect must have great sketching/drawing skills. They must know how to draw with hands or by using computers. Architects must be familiar with methods and processes only then they will be able to scale down accurately the ideas on papers.
Technical Abilities: – Architect must have good technical abilities to incorporate mechanical, structural and electrical components into their design to work it functional and operative. Architectural Construction Drawings are a detailed piece of work; hence any mistake in placing any components can cause dense problems and delays down the line. It is important for the architect to have accuracy in depicting details and must have knowledge of other disciplines.
Problem-Solving Skills: – It is the main quality that the architect must have to solve problems quickly. They know how to address the problem and come up with possible solutions. Another plan is ready with them if any initial plan goes wrong. They can suspect problems beforehand and re prepared in a way to solve them easily. Flexibility and adaptable architects can resolve problems quickly and efficiently.
Collaboration Skills: – Architects have to work with other disciplines engineers, builders, contractors and more. They must communicate well and collaborate for the successful completion of the project. They must be trained to work in a team environment to carry out work within everyone easily.
Visualizing Skills: – Architects have great visualization powers and can put the design on papers very accurately with a greater sense of vision. They can visualize the outcome of the project with the detailed process starting from the plan. They can visualize the results through all the steps of the designing and building processes.
Passionate: – Architects embody their work and have a strong passion for upcoming projects. It becomes important to understand how the industry you entered works and how to get connected with the right clients and provide them with what they require.
Competitive: – Architecture is a very competitive field you have to be out-of-box to stay in the game of designing and curating ideas to clients and end users.
Becoming an Architect requires more than visualization and flair; you need to be business-minded, open to change with a veritable array of transferable soft skills. A project can only be completed when the architect has all the qualities and is wise while communicating with the clients and other disciplinarians. Architectural BIM Services is an important part of the construction process it needs to be précised, and design must be made creative, and as per client’s requirement only then it is successful completion of the project. It is performed by the Architects to evaluate design of the building as per their skillset.
History of CAD says it was developed in the 1960s where designers could interact with the computer to conclude drawings. The program was called “Sketchpad” where the designer could draw on the computer with a light pen. CAD wasn’t a newbie technology; manufacturing industry had used one or another form of it later shifting its focus to the construction industry. A working drawing is precise and communicates all the information of the objects and this is where CAD (Computer Aided Design) comes into the picture.
What is CAD?
CAD is a software and technology that is used by designers, architects, and contractors to create a design which is precise drawings or sketch of new buildings or plans that can be of 2D or 3D based model. Contractors need 2D drafted model for construction purposes whereas architects use 3D based model that has a 2D converter tool. CAD has another name called CADD (Computer Aided Design and Drafting) which is used to design, develop and optimize products. In the construction industry, it is used for the design of tools and equipment. It enables designers or drafters in layout and to develop work on computer graphics and to later edit it.
Advantages of CAD implementation in the Construction Industry
The use of CAD Services tools allows the object to be viewed from any angle that you want to see. It enables drawings are edited faster than compared to the traditional method. It helps to compute conceptual design; the layout of products and design time is reduced by allowing precise simulation. Contractors work on the drawings given by the architect to add further details and use it for better constructability. The CAD model can be collaboratively working with technologies to bring fewer errors and omissions. The major benefit the contractor gets is drawings and plans are stored in the cloud; this means the contractor can operate their plans from any location. If these drawings are used in a shared file for the project, it can see the possible changes to the plans and impact construction.
Cad software gives more accurate drawings than the manual ones. It makes it easier for designers to ensure accuracy through CAD software. Details can be easily added in these drawings. With CAD you can better visualize the building and all the parts in detailed to know how it will function. It gives an accurate blueprint of the building for making quick and effective decisions. Due to higher accuracy level in the drawings, it attains a high quality of design.
Disadvantages of CAD Implementation in the Construction Industry
CAD software is expensive and is more difficult for beginners to learn this software. Cost of training can be combined with software cost. Data can be easily disruptive due to hacking or virus in the software.
Future Impact of CAD in Construction
With time, the level of detail and accuracy will see an increase in coming years with ease of use of the software. Integrating of CAD Drafting Services with BIM will bring easy sharing between platforms. It can give rise to a reduction in project deliverables which will benefit the construction industry.
Companies are now looking for 3D capabilities, so there is a shift from 2D drawing to 3D model structures. Automation technology in the near future will arise and give a boom to integrate with CAD software where contractors could access to data that is automated and derive high quality of design.
CAD technology has been growing since its existence, and a different method of drafting was used by the designers to make drawings until computer drawings were important. Now the shift of drawings from 2D has been to 3D based model which makes the client understand design and change it easily how they want it. Errors can be rectified before construction which not just saves time but overall cost incurred in construction as well. Use of CAD software with BIM technology will be seen growing in the near future that brings accuracy and efficiency in work.
We live in a world of computers, where machine learning or computers can now perform all the work that humans used to do. There was a myth in primitive times that architects have the most creative occupation that can’t be replaced so easily and is seeing disrupted too. With emerging technologies such as BIM Modeling, 3D Printing and Mixed Reality, architects are placed in the entire digital transformation of ecosystems in construction.
Machine Learning is a field of study that commands computer the capability to learn being programmed. It is the subgroup of artificial intelligence that allows the computer to analyses previous data and intervenes from humans by creating correct algorithms.
There are two main categories in which machine learning is divided: Supervised machine learning that uses labeled data for decision-making and unsupervised machine learning that depicts raw data. Machine learning applies to architecture in term of design ideation, shape recognition, and design space exploration.
Early Times: CAD v/s BIM
CAD Drafting Services during the ’80s and ’90s has replaced the drafting board for architects where they need to decide what kind of drawing they need to make such as a plan, elevations before actually making the drawing.
BIM Modeling allows architects to create a complete building design in substantiation. Plans, Sections, etc. can be drawn from a shared model. The automated design is collaboratively worked with a single production tool. BIM helps the architects to collect, assemble and organize all sort of information.
Can computers replace architects?
Every technology that we use has pros and cons but what matters to us is how it can revolutionize our daily operations. Machine learning or computer automation is seen changing the lives of many and replacing all human work. Even it is transforming the work architects do such as planning of the project which involves in-depth research on the basis of code, site analysis and another task which can be automated very well as all the information is available beforehand.
The design is something that becomes difficult to automate as one’s concept cannot be developed and replicate it through artificial intelligence could play a major role here and turn it a possible task to do. Reviewing the construction progress is conducted by the use of technology that can easily be automated and performed in a better way, so architect here spends less time as major work is done by technologies.
Machine learning can help architects investigate with more design options to derive better design. It can help architects to achieve a better understanding of the impact of their design through considering energy, art, and constructability in real-time. A design process is time-consuming activities but making it automated a lot of time can be spent on design effort and planning that can make a design better as per client’s requirements. The major benefit it provides for the architects is to improve upon their design work and bring accuracy and efficiency.
Techniques used in machine learning can layout optimized development and high-quality control on testing of the product and design structures. It brings fewer errors and omission, safer job sites, improved workflow, and meeting project timelines.
Tools and software in machine learning such as WEKA, R Platform, RapidMiner and orange help in graphical interferences, completion of a project, enhancing visualization and much more.
The construction industry can gain many benefits from the adoption of machine learning that has some limitations. It is said that with the implementation of machine learning it can improve the daily operations of many practitioners involved in terms of efficiency, cutting costs, and safety. It can do bring unemployment for the designers and architects. Even can improve work quality of them with the help of machine learning and BIM Coordination for design planning, evaluation and reviewing the errors and rectify them on time.