Nazmiyal Rugs & Interiors Blog focuses on trending topics from the worlds of architecture, interior design, fashion, art, culture, nightlife as well as antiques and rugs. Launched in 2006 to bring together a community of innovators in the design fields, their design blog dedicates itself to the future of design while highlighting the past in antique and vintage finds.
Antique Persian Qashqai Soccer Field Rug Is A World Cup Celebration
Soccer has been most popular sport in the world long before most Americans got the soccer bug. Unless you live under a rock, on the bottom of the deep ocean floor, then you are well aware that the world cup is hitting its stride and the world has once again gone soccer crazy! What better way to celebrate this world uniting event than with a beautiful antique Persian Qashqai soccer field rug?
Persian Qashqai Soccer Field Rug
While this small artistic rug sold within a couple of days of us posting the rug online, we still felt the need to share it with the rest of the world.
Despite its small rug size, it exhibits a degree of artistic mastery and pure genius that is rarely matched. Its surface design is characterized by both symmetry and spontaneity, creating a masterpiece that is both mysteriously riveting and structurally satisfying.
Soccer Field Design Antique Persian Qashqai Rug
The central field of this exciting Persian rug displays an intriguing illustration. The background is a unique conglomerate of striations and stripes that are featured in varying rustic hues, including navy blue, grass green, sandy yellow, earthy brown, and silvery creamy ivory. Seven geometric human figures, which are placed in symmetrical positions across the striped background, are beautifully depicted in a very primitive and tribal format.
The top two figures in the “soccer” field of this antique tribal Persian Qashqai rug are clothed in blue and red. The two figures below them flaunt ivory tunics and the three at the bottom of the antique carpet showcase outfits in unique tones of purple, ivory, coral and red.
Persian Soccer Field Rug
Two flagpoles, which each carry a flag with a mysterious black kufic type symbols, are positioned on two opposing sides of the central soccer field. The center of this magnificent tribal rug displays a jagged diamond figure. This central motif boasts checkered with uneven squares of ivory and navy blue, that is meant to represent a soccer ball.
The wide border area contains another fascinating illustration. The top strand displays a rich red colored background with two brown deer images. These beautiful deer are flipped upside down to create a mirror image effect with the other two deer figures depicted on the bottom border strand.
Soccer Field Design Antique Qashqai Persian Rug
Two rows of squares, which display various images such as vases and plants, flank the vertical sides of the soccer field.
This fun little soccer field rug packs a tremendous amount of artistic brilliance into such a small space, and its intrigue is both beautiful and fierce.
While most people may chose to use this rug on the floor, it is such a beautiful and artistic piece that it could easily be displayed as an antique wall hanging tapestry rug.
Regardless of how one may chose to display this magnificent antique soccer field rug, it is sure to enhance any interior design with its tribal beauty and whimsical feel.
This rug blog about celebrating world cup soccer through a tribal Persian Qashqai soccer field rug was published by Nazmiyal Antique Rugs in Manhattan NYC.
“How should I be rolling up my rugs” is one of the most frequently asked rug related questions that we get. Since we spend so much time explaining how to go about doing this, we figured it would make sense to simply post this instructional guide.
This animated gif should you the all the steps for rolling up your rugs or carpets:
How To Guide For Rolling Up Rugs and Carpets
Below we is our step by step instruction guide to rolling up rugs and carpets:
Step 1 – Open the rug or carpet and lay it out it is completely open and lays flat on your floor (as seen in the images below)
Lay The Rug Flat On The Floor (top view)
Lay Carpet Completely flat On Floor (side view)
Step 2: Grab the rug corners on one side and fold them in one third of the way as seen in the image below:
How To Grab Rug Corners and Fold In One Third Of The Way
If you folded the carpet over correctly, the rug should now look like:
Lay Rug Flat With One Third Folded Over (top view)
Lay Carpet Flat On The Floor With One Third Folded Over (side view)
Step 3: Fold the second rug third over so that it overlaps the first carpet fold. If correctly, you should have a rug that has now been folded in thirds and it should like the below images.
Fold Second Third Of The Rug Over (top view)
Carpet With Second Third Folded Over (side view)
Step 4: Fold Over One End Of The Rug About Half Way Down:
Fold One Rug End In About Half Way Down (top view)
Fold In One Carpet End Half Way (side view)
Step 5: Fold the other end of the carpet so that it overlaps the first fold. If Done correctly, the rug should now like like this:
Fold Other End of The Rug To Overlap Other Fold (top view)
Fold Other End of The Carpet To Overlap The Other Fold (side view)
Step 6: Fold over the end of the rug one more time. If done correctly, your carpet should now look like:
Fold Over The End Of The Rug One More Time (top view)
Fold Over Carpet End One More Time (side view)
Step 7: Now its time to start actually rolling up your rug. See how to being rolling your carpet below:
Start Rolling The Rug (top view)
Start Rolling The Carpet (side view)
Step 8: Roll the rug up till the very end. If you followed all the steps above, your carpet should now be completely rolled up and should look the images below:
Roll Up The Rug Till The Very End (top view)
Roll Up The Carpet Till The Very End (side view)
Now your rug is fully rolled up and ready to be wrapped up for shipping or storage.
See the rug video below that shows to Nazmiyal employees rolling up a rug:
Answering the age old question of what is a rug
What defines something as being a rug?
Sometimes, we take things for granted. The other day someone asked us to explain to them what is a rug. So we figured we would share this basic information with you.
In it’s most basic definition, a rug is a woven fabric that is used to cover a specific area of the floor. This is distinct from the term “carpet”, which is generally but not invariably used to refer to carpeting that extend wall-to-wall, or are fixed to the floor; the difference between a rug and carpet is explained further below. The origins of rugs and carpets are varied, but the method for weaving rugs is largely cross-cultural. For the most part and generally speaking, rugs are made on frames called rug looms.
What is a rug?
What makes a rug antique?
Naturally, age is what makes a rug antique. To be able to reference rugs as antique, they would need to be at least 80 years or older. While antique furniture or art needs to be at least 100 years old to be able to use the “antique” precursor attribute, antique rugs need only be 80 year old. This is mostly because of the fact that rugs are used as functional decorative pieces. Since people walk on their antique rugs, there is a great chance that they will not survive as long as antique paintings.
The process of creating a rug
The rug loom is used for constructing the rug foundation and the front facing or pile is created by tying small strips of fabric (wool, cotton or silk) onto the foundation. This process is largely unchanged since it was initially developed in the Near East centuries ago.
The vertical threads of the foundation are referred to as warps, and the horizontal lines are referred to as wefts. While all antique rugs are handmade products, modern rugs may be handmade or machine made; this has no bearing on whether or not the end product is in fact a rug.
Learning What A Rug Is
The difference between a rug and a carpet
As mentioned above, the terms “rugs” and “carpets” are basically used interchangeably in everyday language – but, traditionally, a carpet is a rug that is bigger than four feet in width and six feet in length while a carpet is a rug that is smaller than those specific measurements. It bears repeating that within the rug industry, these terms are treated differently, but, in everyday parlance, it is perfectly acceptable to use these terms interchangeably.
In the below post, we will review the Pantone colors of the year from 2012, 2013, 2014 and of course we included 2018 as well.
Pantone Colors Of The Year
Panton Color of the Year 2012 Tangerine Tango
Our rundown of the Pantone Colors Of The Year, begins in 2012:
Rounding off the week in 2012 interior design trends, comes this year’s HOTTEST interior design news, the Pantone color of the year 2012 is… Tangerine Tango!
Yes, ladies and gentlemen, following last year’s hot trending color of playful pink, honeysuckle, Pantone has claimed that this is the year of citrus fruit!
Panton Color Of The Year 2012 Tangerine Tango
One may find the color daunting due to its overpowering and fiercely eye-catching color but using Tangerine in all its glory is all about making a serious statement.
Whether you are ready for a modern face-lift for the coming spring/summer of 2012 or just looking for a modern twist of color pops, Tangerine Tango may be used in array of styling options. Accent walls are screaming to be painted this vibrant color and home accents are a definite must when it comes to adding that pizzazz of color that borders the lines of orange and pink. (One may argue that it’s slightly coral.)
Tangerine Tango Colored Art Nouveau Irish Donegal Rug
A wonderful use for the overpowering zest of color is wallpaper and accent trims in textiles and fabrics. Wallpaper with hints of tangerine are making a serious statement all over interior design news.
By adding this little guy into subtle home treatments, one can’t help but be drawn to the risk and forward-thinking design of a living space without feeling overwhelmed by the color.
Tangerine Tango Color Arm Chair
Accent pieces such as throws, pillows, sitting chairs, or other accoutrements are a definite yes when it comes to the shockingly unforgiving color to wow your guest and clients. There is something playful and romantic about Tangerine Tango that draws the eye to it begging to be sat on or played with. (Kind of like a cute little doe-eyed puppy.)
That being said, tangerine is an absolute necessity for the modern homeowner and designer who really wants to make a serious statement through that abode.
Tangerine Tango Color Curtains
Lastly, our favorite way to incorporate this color is a modern and vibrant take on the summer home. Pairing tangerine with cool blues and crisp white linens in your Hamptons getaway is a great way to really show off the bold color.
Using this color palette and bringing in dark, rich and oak wood accent pieces will give you a niece little surf and turf for those beautiful summer mornings and evening cocktail hours whilst entertaining your guests and showing off your true style and elegance.
Tangerine Tango Color Accent Round Rug
Tangerine Tango Colored Accent Table
Panton Color Of The Year 2012
Tangerine Tango Colored Accent Wall Color
*Photos courtesy of Washingtonian
Panton Color of the Year 2013 Emerald Green
Next on our list of our favorite Pantone Colors Of The Year, takes us to 2013
A vibrant, glowing hue of green has been hailed by Pantone as the 2013 color of the year. The authority on color announced emerald will succeed 2012’s tangerine and herald a new year of balance and harmony.
“The most abundant hue in nature,” Leatrice Eiseman, executive director of the Pantone Color Institute, called the color in a press release. “Symbolically, emerald brings a sense of clarity, renewal and rejuvenation, which is so important in today’s complex world. This powerful and universally-appealing tone translates easily to both fashion and home interiors.”
Panton Color Of The Year 2013 – Emerald Green
From ballgowns and signature gems, to carpets and curtains, emerald is a color that truly lights up design. It’s an allure that has extended throughout history, particularly in textiles. Called one of the most elusive hues in the industry, it was actually an incredibly rare thing to see in antique area rugs. In fact, green didn’t make a universal appearance until the emergence of synthetic dyes in the nineteenth century. But once it did, it became a coveted color.
Emerald Green Solar Design Musee Du Quai Branly Paris
“Green includes a lot of colors seen in nature, so it brings a sense of the outside in,” says Nazmiyal’s Omri Schwartz. “It gives a more natural feeling to a space.”
Associated with politics, religion, fairy tales and nature, green is unquestionably an emotional color. At a time when the eco-friendly movement is gaining more momentum, it’s no wonder that emerald was chosen to signify the coming year. As society turns toward more sustainable practices, it makes senses that the the effort to go ‘green’ begins in the home.
Fashion Runway Models Showcasing The Emerald Green Panton Color Of The Year
With solar power pumping, urban gardens blossoming, and eco fashion hitting the fashion runway, design will surely reflect green’s meaning beyond it’s gorgeous glow. Check our slideshow to see where our green eyes will be focused in 2013.
Pantone Color of the Year 2014 Purple
Next stop for our Pantone Colors Of The Year is 2014:
Although the announcement is exciting all corners of the interior design world, the popularity of purple isn’t exactly new. Purple has a rich legacy for being a desirable and rare color often associated with royalty. This royal connection is partly due to the scarcity of purple dyes, which are notoriously difficult to produce.
Panton Color Of The Year – Purple
History’s first purple dyes were produced nearly 4,000 years ago. The hue known as Tyrian purple was extracted from sea snails and shellfish found the Mediterranean . The Phoenicians built an industry, albeit an unpleasant and conceivably odorous one, by boiling mollusks for their purple juices. The Byzantine Empire continued this legacy with imperial funds that gave rulers the power to reserve the color for themselves.
Purple has also been produced by combining indigo dyes with commonly available reds, such as madder or cochineal. However, these proletarian purples lacked the status and exclusivity of the imperial dyes produced in Egypt , Rome and Greece . The next important purple breakthrough occurred in the 1850’s when 18-year-old scientist William Perkin accidentally discovered mauveine / fuchsin, the first aniline dye, which painted the way for many other vibrant synthetics.
Today, thanks in part to Pantone, purple is enjoying a 21st-century resurgence. Even if Radiant Orchid isn’t your shade, there are plenty of other options. Shoppers can even use Nazmiyal’s handy color selector to find a vintage rug or antique carpet in the ideal tone for their home.
Large Moroccan Rugs – Antique carpets come in a very wide range of styles. Ranging from the more classically composed Persian rugs, which may feature central medallions and ornate scroll-work; to the more abstract, mid-century modern rugs of Scandinavia, which often feature minimally adorned fields, there is a veritable world of fine rug styles.
One of the most popular styles today is the Moroccan style, which boasts some of the most dynamic and exciting rugs currently available.
Creating Large Moroccan Rugs
Moroccan rugs are typically characterized by very abstract, tribal designs, and often feature bright colors, grid patterns, and intriguing line work. One of the more interesting facets of the vintage Moroccan rugs is that customers have the unique option of combining two or more pieces to create something entirely unique – and perfectly suited to their space.
For example, the five Moroccan rugs pictured above were chosen by a customer to be joined together into one very large rug (sized 13′ x 18′ in the end). As you can see in the image of the finished product, the unique beauty and design elements of each of the five rugs used in the construction of the below large Moroccan rug are on full display.
Thus, the option of creating a large custom size Moroccan rug is often a great option for the shopper who particularly admires multiple pieces. Each of the rugs used in the construction of the below large Moroccan rug is given new beauty as each plays off the other in a new, dynamic way.
Large Moroccan Rugs
Here are the rugs that were used to create the above large Moroccan rug:
Nizami’s Iconic and Tragic Persian Love Story Of Layla and Majnun
The Story of Layla and Majnun – Young lovers, meddling parents, and separation may be the theme, but Romeo and Juliet isn’t the story. This is the tragic Persian love story of Layla and Majnun, two lovers who’s separation did not temper their love, devotion, infatuation or obsession.
Lord Byron, however, did once refer to the story of Layla and Majnun as the Eastern version of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet. While an apt comparison in content, this is also a misleading statement since it infers to readers that “Layla and Majnun” was written after “Romeo and Juliet” in a mocking fashion, which is not the case. Like “Romeo and Juliet,” though, the idea behind the story had been around for some time before William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616) and Persia’s Nizami Ganjavi (1141 – 1209) made their respective stories iconic pieces of literary history.
Heart Broken Majnun Bonds With The Beasts – 19th Century Persian Carpet By Master Weaver Aboul Ghasem Kermani
A little known fact is that the plot of “Romeo and Juliet” was actually based on an Italian tale called “The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet” which was written by Arthur Brooke in 1562 . This Italian tale was around long before Shakespeare expanded and developed it to become the iconic story of “Romeo and Juliet” that readers know today. Naturally, after Shakespeare’s work, there have also been numerous re-telling and adaptions of this version of the story as well.
The Influence Of The Nizami Persian Love Story Of Layla and Majnun
Nizami’s 12th century poetic composition of “Layla and Majnun” is a similar case to “Romeo and Juliet,” both before and after. Nezami’s narrative influenced a number of allusions and references in the subsequent centuries, such as Amir Khusraw Dehlawi’s 1299 “Majnun and Laili,” Abd al-Rahman Jami’s 1485 “Laili and Majnun,” and a number of films. Layla’s and Majnun’s story has been reinterpreted via many languages and throughout many poems, plays, paintings, songs, and musical compositions. The latest of which is a 70 minute long musical and dance production by director and choreographer Mark Morris.
Mark Morris Dance Group - Layla and Majnun | 4 minute promotional clip - YouTube
Philosophical anecdotes surrounding the love story have illustrated a number of mystic concepts from Nezami’s work. Examples would be “the meaning of life”, “love madness”, “self sacrifice”, “annihilation” and so forth.
In Persia, poets Rudaki and Baba Taher mention the lovers in their 9th century works, but the concept of the story had already been known as far back as fifth century Arabic literature. It might’ve been a long standing anecdotal legend before Persia’s Nizami Ganjavi made his unique composition. But Nizami was the first person to vividly and extensively developed the plot and characters. His work also drew from existing Udhrite love poetry and epics like the 11th century “ Vamiq u ‘Adhra.”
19th Century Laila And Majnun Persian Rug by Kermani
Nonetheless, the main concept of previous works had only loosely connected and barely developed the these concepts. Albeit, they also focused on the same erotic abandon, unfulfilled longing, and passionate displays of love and devotion that Nizami, who also penned the tragic Persian love story Of Shirin and Khosrow, carried forward in his poetic masterpiece.
To many readers, Nizami’s addition reshaped the legends of Majnun. Nizami’s Majnun was transformed from a crudely described romantic fool, in a setting with a barely scratched surface, into the detailed quintessential tale of an idealized love story.
Nizami’s Tragic Persian Love Story Of Layla And Majnun
The story starts as the Banu ‘Amir tribe’s (for centuries after the rise of Islam, the ancient Banu Amir tribes, who originated in the southwest / central part of Arabia, dominated the area) young Qays ibn al-Mulawwah falls deeply in love with Layla bint Sa‘d, a classmate of his at maktab. As they age, Layla’s and Qays’ love develops and expounds to heights not acceptable by society.
“Laila and Majnun at School” – Afghanistan Herat 15th Century Jafar Baisunghuri Illustrated Manuscript Of At Met Museum
Layla’s love is a quiet profession of feelings. In stark contrast, Qays is without filter as he very publicly, incessantly and obsessively announces his passions, in elegiac lyrics, for all to hear. He thus his spectators give him the nickname “Majnun”, which means “a crazy person” or a person who is possessed.
Majnun continues his public poetic love professions and rants on Layla’s beauty. His behavior which alarms Layla’s parents who worry about her honor, her good standing within the tribe as well as her reputation. Ultimately Layla’s parents decide there’s no recourse but to separate the two young lovers permanently.
Majnun and his father ask Layla’s father for his blessing for Majnun to marry Layla. Not wanting the scandal of his daughter marrying someone the tribe that has been referred to as a madman, her father refused immediately. Instead, Layla’s father promised her hand in marriage to a more “suitable” older man from a nearby village. This older man, Ibn Salam, is someone who Layla neither knew and naturally never loved.
Meanwhile, Majnun is overcome with rejection and grief. He abandoned his home, family, and Layla’s physical presence to roam the wilderness in solitude. He bonds with beasts / wildlife animals and continues to write obsessively about his love for Layla. While on this self imposed exile, Majnun lives a miserable and ascetic life while his existence and being are tied to Layla’s essence.
Majnun’s parents would leave food for him in hopes that he would return. but he didn’t.
Majnun And His Father Salim – 15th century India, Brooklyn Museum Of Art
In a final effort to save his son, Majnun’s father lured him to Ka’ba, a holy Muslim site. His hope was to cure his son of his obsessive love for the now married Layla. Sadly, his plot didn’t work as Majnun, took the time to plead with Allah to make him a hundred times more obsessed with Layla and their love. Passers by describe Majnun as a mute who’s been driven mad by a broken heart.
Layla, meanwhile, is a loyal and obedient daughter. Her marriage to Ibn Salam takes place as her father demands. Ibn is wealthy and shallow, making it further impossible for Layla to ever love anyone aside Majnun. She never consummates her marriage to Ibn, but she does remain a faithful, albeit completely chaste, wife. Ibn eventually dies of rejection, his own grief and disillusionment.
After Majnun’s parents pass away, Layla repeatedly asks a man claiming to have seen Majnun to tell him of his parent’s passing. Her hope was, that upon hearing of his parents death, he would return.
Laila Visits Majnun In The Grove – 17th Century India, Brooklyn Museum
The man find and delivers the news to Majnun. As a result, he retreats further into depression, regret and grief. Instead of returning, Majnun vows to live his remaining time isolated in the desert.
Throughout the story, Majnun is offered many opportunities to speak with Layla. He refuses any contact, including intimacy, as he comes to believe that their love transcends physical sensuality, selfish intent and lust. In this, he views it to be the ‘perfect’ love. It’s this concept of harsh environment and ascetic lifestyle, combined with a steadfast devotion to ideal love, that readers have often compared to the rejection of earthly pleasures by Muslim mystics.
Mid 18th Century Layla and Majnun Oil On Canvas Painting, Iran Shiraz, from The Metropolitan Museum Of Art
As the story draws to a close, Layla’s husband is now dead and her unwavering love for Majnun has never ceased. She allows herself hope that she could finally reunite with him and fulfill their love. Tradition, however, requires Layla to grieve for her dead husband in complete solitude for two long years.
The demand of tradition atop the previous separation from Majnun was too much for Layla to shoulder. A broken heart sickened Layla and caused her to give up on her life and hope for any future of it. As a result of her broken heart, Layla dies alone, never reuniting with her beloved Majnun.
When Majnun hears of Layla’s death, he travels to her graveside and sprawls across her grave. Having lost the only purpose for his existence, Majnun wept himself to death right there on her grave. His hope is that they could be reunited and fulfill their love in the afterlife.
Majnun And Layla: A Profound Legacy
The Nizami Ganjavi story of Majnun and Layla, just like Romeo and Juliet, has certainly left a profound legacy upon literature. The multilayered, rich, complex text of Nezami’s romance can be considered as much of a mystical reading as it is an enthralling love story poem for the ages.
This art blog about the iconic and tragic 12th century Persian love story of Layla and Majnun by Nizami Ganjavi, was Published by Nazmiyal Antique Rugs in New York City.
Antique Oriental Persian Carpets History – The weaving of Persian rugs probably began in the ancient Persian Empire of Cyrus and Darius the Great. While no extant rugs of this early period have been found in Persia itself, they have been preserved in the ‘frozen tombs’ of the nomadic Scythians in modern day Siberia.
History of Antique Oriental Persian Carpets
The tombs at Pazyryk produced fragments of a flat-woven wool tapestry and a virtually intact knotted pile carpet, known as the Pazyryk carpet, with figurative depictions and ornamental designs precisely like those in the reliefs of the Royal Persian Palace at Persepolis. Experts have not hesitated to see these as imports from Persia.
Image Of The Pazyryk Rug – The Oldest rug In The World
The various fragments in a Sassanian Persian style discovered more recently in Afghanistan appear to also be Persian exports or local provincial copies. It is difficult to attribute the many rug fragments of the early Islamic period collected from Fostat in Egypt, but it is likely that some of these are Persian imports or copies as well.
Persian traditional classical carpet production begins during the Mongol and Timurid dynasties in the 14th 15th centuries, where it is documented primarily in miniature painting and rare fragments showing mostly geometric designs precisely like those of the paintings.
Antique 17th century Persian Polonaise Rug #40787
However, it is the Safavid period (1501-1722) that ushered in the Golden Age of classical Persian carpet weaving. Safavid court workshops produced carpets which, though often immense in scale, were woven in a remarkably fine technique with sinuous arabesque or floral designs of the utmost elegance and delicacy. Safavid court rugs were so highly respected and prized across the Islamic world that they were imitated in the court workshops of contemporary Ottoman Turkey and Mogul India.
During this period Oriental carpets, especially those from Persia, were widely imported into Europe, where they still represent the core of the finest modern European private and museum antique carpet collections. This taste for Persian carpets is also well attested in the masterpieces of 17th century European painting, where they are frequently depicted as symbols of affluence or luxury.
All the great design traditions and technical accomplishment of Safavid rug weaving rapidly came to life once more, and by the later nineteenth century Persia had again assumed a dominant position in Oriental rug manufacture, with European offices established in Persia itself to accommodate the enormous European and now American demand.
19th Century Qajar Dynasty Antique Sultanabad Persian Rug
Since that time, the word ‘Persian’ has continued to remain virtually synonymous with the concept of the oriental carpet. Innovations in the spinning and dyeing of the wool materials have done little to alter the fundamental traditional techniques and Persian carpet pattern design principles of fine Persian rug production, which even today remains faithful to the higher standards of bygone times in a world where that is seldom the case.
Persian Rug Tells The Tragic Love Story Of Shirin and Khosrow
Tragic Love Story Of Shirin and Khosrow – We recently acquired a magnificent antique Persian Sarouk rug that depicts the Persian tragic love story of Khosrow and Shirin. Since the rug sold after only one day of being on our site, we figured we would at least share the historical Persian tale.
Pictorial Persian Sarouk Rug That Depicts The Tragic Love Story Of Shirin and Khosrow
This iconic Persian folk tale was authored by Nizami Ganjavi who lived during the high middle ages period of 1141 1209 CE. This is also the same legendary poet who also penned the famous love story of ‘Layla and Majnun’.
Khosrow and Shirin is a work of fiction and a tale of love between the Sasanian king Khosrow II and Shirin, the Armenian Princess who went on and became the queen of Persia. This Persian love story is quite famous and has been the subject of several other artworks and tales written by different Persian authors over the centuries.
18th century Persian or Indian Miniature Of Khoshrow Seeing Shirin Bathing Naked
The Tragic Love Story Of Shirin and Khosrow
Ganjavi’s love story starts off with the birth and education of Khosrow. Following this, Khosrow is chastised by his father, Hormizd IV for throwing a feast in a farmer’s house. Khosrow begs for his fathers forgiveness and repents for his actions. Once he does this, his father, Hormizd IV, forgives him.
That night, Anushirvan, the grandfather of Khosrow, visits Khosrow in his dreams. Anushirvan tells him about the future, about his future wife Shirin, a riding horse who goes by the name of Shabdiz, Barbad the musician and the great kingdom of Persia.
16th Century Iranian Velvet Textile Fragment of Nizamis Khosrow and Shirin
One fine day, a close friend and painter named Shapur tells Khosrow of a beautiful woman and Armenian princess named Shirin. Apparently, Shirin was the niece of Mahim Banu, the queen of Greece. Not only does Shapur give Khosrow information about Shirin’s whereabouts, but he also goes on and vividly describes her beauty. After listening to it all, Khosrow falls madly in love with Shirin.
Shortly after, Shapur embarks on a journey to Armenia in search of Shirin. Upon finding her, Shapur shows her the picture of Khosrow and she falls in love with him. She grew immensely passionate for Khosrow and fled Armenian to travel to Mada’in, Khosrow’s capital in search of her love Khosrow. Meanwhile, sadly, Khosrow has a falling out with his father, and in an attempt to flee from his father’s anger, Khosrow sets out on a journey of his own to Armenia in search of his love Shirin.
Brooklyn Museum’s 18th Century Zand Dynasty Oil on Canvas Painting from Shiraz Iran: Khosrow Sees Shirin Bathing Naked
Both Shirin and Khosrow have a chance encounter each other midway through their journey. Khosrow happens upon Shirin while she was bathing naked and washing her hair in a stream. Unfortunately, Khosrow disguised himself in peasant clothes which made him unrecognizable for Shirin and Khosrow doesn’t recognize her as well. Upon reaching her kingdom in Armenia, the queen Shamira welcomes him, and he finds out that Shirin is in his capital town of Mada’in in search of him.
This time too, Shapur is sent to bring Shirin back to Armenia, but due to a tragic turn of events that led to his father’s death, Khosrow had to return to Mada’in immediately. Sadly, both these lovers kept traveling to opposite places in search of one another and never meet each other. Later on, Khosrow is overthrown by general Bahram Chobin and flees to Armenia.
Large 19th Century Persian Pictorial Tile Showing When Khosrow Sees Shirin Bathing
In Armenia, Shirin and Khosrow finally meet and Shirin welcomes him with open arms. However, Shirin declines the invitation to marriage and puts forth a condition. Until and unless Khosrow fights for his motherland and wins it back from general Bahram Chobin, she won’t marry him.
To win Shirin’s heart as well as his kingdom and Mada’in back, Khosrow leaves Armenia and set out to meet the Caesar in Constantinople. The Caesar agrees to help him wage war and overthrow genera Bahram Chobinl. Nevertheless, Caesar’s assistance came at a price. The Caesar’s clause was that he’d assist Khosrow only if Khosrow agrees to married Caesar’s daughter Mariam. Khosrow was also made to promise that he wouldn’t marry anyone else as long as his wife Mariam was alive. Khosrow agrees and with the help of Caesar, he overthrows the general Chobin and regains his throne.
16th Century Painting by Shaikh Zada – Khosrow Catches Sight of Shirin Bathing Nude
While all this was happening, Farhad, a sculptor fell in love with Shirin and became Khosrow’s love rival. Khosrow couldn’t tolerate this and Farhad was then sent on on an exile to the Behistun mountain. Farhad is assigned a mammoth and impossible task of carving steps out of the cliff rocks. The sculptor begins this unreasonable task in hopes that Khosrow would let him marry Shirin. However, Khosrow sends false news of Shirin’s death to the sculptor. When Farhad hears this news he is heart broken and decides to commit suicide by throwing himself off a cliff.
16th Century Painting by Shaikh Zada: Farhad Carves Milk Channel for Shirin
After this incident, Khosrow writes a letter to Shirin faking his condolences and sadness over the untimely and unexpected death of Farhad. Soon after Farhad dies, Mariam passes away too.
(side note – in Ferdowsi’s version of the tale Shirin secretly poisoned Mariam for the sake of her love for Khosrow)
Though Khosrow is free to propose to Shirin, he first tries romancing a woman who goes by the name of Shekar in Isfahan. After some time goes by, his trials of intimacy with Shekar end and he finally embarks to Shirin’s castle to see her. When he arrives Shirin notices that Khusrow is drunk . Because of this, Shirin refuses his admission into the castle and makes her objects about his affair with Shekar known.
Disappointed and dejected, Khosrow returns to his own palace. Finally, after a few more heroic deeds and maneuvers, Shirin finally agrees to marry Khosrow.
16th Century Painting by Shaikh Zada – The Marriage of Khosrow and Shirin
But then, in an Oedipus like twist, Shiroy – Khosrow’s son from Mariam, falls in love with Shirin and murders his father, Khosrow, for her. He then sends her a messenger instructing her that after a week of morning, she then must marry him. Heartbroken and unwilling to marry her son in law Shiroy, Shirin decides to kills herself.
After their deaths, Kushrow and Shirin finally become one and are buried together in a single grave.
History of Scandinavian Carpets and Vintage Swedish Rya Rugs
Vintage Swedish Rya Rugs and Scandinavian Carpet History – The weavers of Scandinavian rugs and carpets were influenced by carpet weavers in Anatolia and Asia Minor though international trade routes. Between the 9th and 10th centuries, paths were established linking the Varangians or Vikings with the Greek speaking Byzantines in Constantinople.
Vintage Swedish Rya Rugs and Scandinavian Carpet Viking Ship
By the year 800, the Byzantines had established themselves as the dominate superpower in Asia Minor, claiming territories that were previously under Roman control. Trans continental and trans oceanic trade routes, through some of the world’s harshest climates, brought the first knotted pile rugs to the Scandinavian countries of Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. Over the next four hundred years, Scandinavians adapted knotted pile carpets to suit the harsh arctic climate.
Thick Shaggy Wool Pile Of A Swedish Rya Rug
By the 14th century, the Scandinavians had developed their own style of shaggy long pile carpets known a Rya or Ryijy. These thick “new rugs” replaced the thick furs used as rugs, cloaks and bed coverings. The unique shaggy texture of the long pile Scandinavian Ryas, provided much needed warmth during the long Nordic winters. Ancient cloaks with fur-like pile have been found in the viking center of Jornik / York England.
Ancient Viking Warrior Woman Grave at Birka Sweden
Remnants of a blue and red cloaks, shaggy pile (approximately two inches long) were discovered in one the many ancient graves on Sweden’s Birka / Birch Island. Swedish Rya rugs were also adapted as bed coverings and wall hangings by royalty, castle dwellers, as well as commoners and peasants.
Excavated 10th Century Textile Braiding From A Grave At Birka Sweden
Rya carpets are made using a combination of techniques including weaving tapestry, needlework and carpet knots. Swedish Rya rugs were traditionally produced by adding symmetric Turkish / Ghiordes knots directly to the warp through a specially woven backing. Small holes in the weave allowed the craftspeople to insert evenly spaced knots using a large tapestry needle.
Originally, Swedish Rya rugs were used with the pile down to envelop sleepers in a cocoon of warmth. Early Rya quilts had decorative striped backs and shaggy wool pile in one or two solid colors. Eventually the decoration was reversed and colorful designs were worked into the knotted pile.
Weaving Shaggy Vintage Swedish Rya Rugs
Between 1500’s and late 1800’s, the Scandinavians produced increasingly elaborate carpets and Ryas rugs. They often mimicked the designs of the antique rugs which were imported from Turkey and Anatolia to Finland and other parts of Scandinavia.
Swedish Rya rugs were created for marriages where they were used in the traditional wedding ceremony. In Scandinavia, local cultures adapted and changed traditional Islamic art motifs, such as the tree of life design, by changing the symbolism to represent the family tree made up by relatives and past generations.
The Scandinavian Rya vintage rugs remained popular throughout the 20th century when designers adopted the shaggy vintage rug to compliment the mid century modern furniture of the 1960’s and 1970’s. Modernist designers, like Danish carpet manufacturer Ege Rya, used ancient abstract motifs borrowed from Moroccan Berber carpets to create shaggy wool carpets with a modern edge.
Long before the Danish design craze of the 20th century, oriental rugs were important design pieces and functional items in Scandinavia. During the mid 1920’s a historic carpet was discovered in the church of Marby in Jamtland Sweden.
14th Century Marby Carpet From the Met Museum
The so called Marby carpet, which dates back to the late 14th or early 15th century, is important evidence of the carpet trade between the vikings and the Byzantines. Due to the geometric designs and classic bird in tree motif, historians believe the carpet was produced more than 3,000 miles away in Azerbaijan or Turkey during the early years of the ottoman empire.
Previously, many historians believed the rug trade was restricted to Italy and countries closer to the carpet making region of Anatolia. The introduction of oriental knotted pile carpets through trade routes was instrumental in the development of the unique Scandinavian style.
Since the introduction of knotted pile rugs, Scandinavian people have been developing and perfecting their carpet weaving traditions. Although Scandinavians have been producing rugs since the 14th century, some of the best examples of the art are from the late 1880’s when traditional Ryas, and copies of Anatolian designs, reached the height of their popularity.
The Back / Weave Of Vintage Swedish Rya Rug
The Danes, Swedes and Norwegians were the “northern people” of the Scandinavian countries. Originally, they spoke a common language and shared similar artistic expressions.
They were simple people who did not travel to foreign lands. As opposed to their European neighbors, court life and the tastes of kings and aristocracy did not dictate their styles and ideas. As a result their customs and art were left untouched from outside influence. These rugs were originally intended to be used for warmth as bed covers, cushion covers or wraps rather than on the floor. The rugs were either flat weaves rugs or tapestry weave.
The knot was similar to the Turkish knot but was an original invention. Warp threads were wool, flax or hemp. The early rugs were made with no design; they were crudely woven, shaggy pieces all in one color. Gradually, zigzag lines, checks and geometric forms appeared.
The Shag Pile Of Vintage Swedish Rya Rug #48797
One of the first decorative motifs was the cross as well as some crudely woven human figures. These rugs were unique; no two rugs were the same. They were often an important part of the marriage dowry. The initials of the couple, the marriage date, double hearts and representations of the bride and groom were often included in the design. Beginning in the mid 17th century the tree of life, flowers (with an emphasis on tulips), birds and animals were introduced.
The Scandinavian region became acquainted with rugs at an early period. In the early Middle Ages flat woven kilim rugs and textiles probably found their way home with Viking merchants active in Russia and the Byzantine Empire. In the centuries that followed, such trade ties introduced the knotted pile carpet from Ottoman Turkey.
Vintage Swedish Shag Rya Rug #48085
Indeed, one of the earliest surviving Turkish rugs comes from the parish church at Marby, Sweden. From this early period onward, Scandinavians began to produce rugs for themselves, inspired initially by the imported products, and developing gradually into a distinctive northern idiom.
Flat woven tapestry rugs or coverlets became an established type, especially in Sweden, where they came to be known as “Rollakan.” Pile rugs or Ryiji (Rya), often with a long shaggy nap were produce in Norway and and Sweden, and above all Finland. The earliest examples are from Norway; these were monochromatic.
Colorful Vintage Swedish Rya Rug #47323
Late medieval records suggest that the Swedes tended to import Rya rugs from Finland, but they were made in Sweden as well. The prototypes of these long pile rugs may well have been Turkish, the so-clalled “yatak” or bedding rug.
This seems especially likely since the examples of Scandinavian Carpets were also used as bedding insulation. At times they too were woven with pile on both sides for added warmth, like Turkish yataks. They even display the same kind of bold, graphic patterning as the Turkish examples.
Introduction to the world of antique tapestry rugs
What are antique tapestry rugs?
Antique tapestry rugs are highly treasured pieces of textile art that have been created since the beginning of the art of weaving. They are regarded as a prestige item to own and to use in the adornment of any room. The richness of the designs leads one to uncover new details every time they are viewed.
18th Century Flemish Tapestry Pastoral Cupids 47384
Antique tapestries can be considered a mobile piece of art that are easily transferred from one home to another. Some of the better known tapestries were created by the French. One such example is the Bayeux tapestry that was created in the 11th century and that shows scenes of the Norman conquest of England. Also, during the 13th and 14th century, the church had created tapestries that depicted biblical events to illiterate the churchgoers.
17th Century Scenic Flemish Tapestry Rug 45666
Some of the oldest tapestries were woven textile reproductions of the works of prominent artists (some may even date back to biblical times).
What are antique tapestry rugs?
Antique tapestry rugs are examples of textile art that were created at least 100 years ago.
What is considered to be the golden age of tapestries?
The best known tapestries are associated with the Renaissance and later Medieval periods. In those times, wealthy people and royalty commissioned artists to capture events and scenes of religious and biblical topics that were important to them.
Who might have originally commissioned old tapestries?
A King might commission a tapestry to show the scenes of a battle he may have won and would then display the tapestry in his castle. Many religious institutions may have commissioned antique tapestry rugs to be hung in a cathedral or church during specific religious events. In those times, a wealthy family may have also commission an antique tapestry to depict the family’s coat of arms.
Antique Flemish Heraldic Tapestry of A Spanish Noble Admiral With Coat Of Arms 2399
What sizes are typical tapestries?
Tapestries vary in the size and don’t have a “standard” or “typical size“. Some tapestries can be large enough to cover just a small wall, while others may be massive works of art. Other tapestries may consist of a series of many pieces all based on a common theme.
What materials were used to weave tapestries?
Tapestry rugs were woven using many different materials. Cotton, wool, linen and silk threads were the natural materials available by tapestry weavers to create their antique tapestries. They would dye threads of these fabrics prior to weaving them. In addition, some weavers included accents of silver and / or gold threads in their designs. Unfortunately, few of these gold and silver accented tapestries remain today because some were destroyed to recover the precious metal threads.
Do tapestry rugs have specific designs and patterns?
Tapestry rugs will depict a varied and wide range of designs and patterns. Some tapestries will feature artistic scenes that range from battles in action, hunting scenes, landscapes, biblical scenes and also various aspects of daily life. Others may depict pastoral and romantic scenes while others may feature events and people of historical significance.
Vintage Pinton Freres Gynning French Racing Design Tapestry #49574
Are tapestry rugs considered works of art?
Yes. For the most part, Tapestry rugs are considered collectors works of art. Many tapestries are displayed in and part of museums determinant collections.
Antique Historical Italian Tapestry Caesar Augustus Roman Emperor Octavian 47325
Do people use tapestry rugs in their homes?
Many people will buy tapestry rugs to used as decorative pieces for their homes. Many can bee seen in old castles of European royalty. More often than not, they are mounted on walls as artwork, and may even be used as upholstery.
Dining room interior design with an antique Flemish Tapestry
Can antique tapestry rugs be used on the floor?
Usually, antique tapestries are not created to be spread on the floor to be walked on. That said, we have seen people use them as area rugs or floor coverings and it is not as uncommon as one would think.
What is the oldest tapestry in the world?
Woven in Sweden during the Viking age, the oldest tapestry in the world is the Overhogdal tapestry which dates to about the 800 – 1100 AD. This is actually not one but a seireis of antique textiles / fragments that can be seen in a room that was designed especially for them in Jamtli. Other pieces can be seen in the Jamtland regional museum and Harjedalen in Ostersund, Sweden.
Oldest Tapestry In The World Overhogdal Tapestry
Where were most antique tapestry rugs made?
The most recognizable would probably be the antique Flemish tapestries that were woven in Belgium. That said, tapestries were woven in many different places in the world. Many beautiful and iconic tapestry rugs were woven in countries such as France, Italy and China among others.
What are the unicorn tapestries?
The unicorn tapestries (also refereed to as the Hunt of the Unicorn tapestries) are a series of seven tapestries that were woven in metallic threads, silk and wool between the years 1495 and 1505. Perhaps some of the most recognizable antique tapestries in the world, they have been sparking much debate among scholars and art historians. Questions such as the identity of artists who designed them, the particular order in which they were meant to be hung and even the meaning behind the visual images remain. While highly debated, in 1942, James J. Rorimer suggested that the unicorn tapestries may have been commissioned to celebrate the 6 December 1491 marriage of Anne of Brittany’s marriage to the King of France – Louis XII.
“The Unicorn Is Found” Antique Unicorn Tapestries At The Cloisters NYC
If you enjoyed this post you may want to look up some of our other posts about antique Tapestry rugs: