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Getting sick | Having a cold - VOCAB

We’re currently having a cold/flu season in Germany which is why I got sick and thought of making a vocabulary list for you all! Everyone please stay healthy, drink tea and wear something warm during this season! :) 

I’ll put the gender of the noun in brackets (f / m / n) and pl. for plural. For words that have a * behind them, I will talk about those at the end of the list :)

Sentences - Sätze

Ich bin erkältet. - I have a cold

Ich habe mich erkältet. - I’ve caught a cold

Ich habe eine Erkältung. - I have a cold

Ich habe die Grippe. - I have the flu

Mein Hals tut weh. - My throat hurts

Ich habe Halsschmerzen. - I have a sore throat

Meine Nase läuft. - I have a runny nose

Meine Nase ist verstopft. - My nose is stuffy

Ich habe Kopfschmerzen. - I have a headache

Ich habe Fieber. - I have a fever

Ich habe Schüttelfrost. - I have chills

Mir geht es nicht gut. - I don’t feel well

Mir ist kalt. - I feel cold

Mir ist warm. - I feel warm

Tee trinken hilft! - Drinking tea helps!

Zieh dich warm an. - Wear something warm.

Nouns - Nomen

Die Erkältung (f) - the cold

Die Grippe (f) - the flu

Der Hals (m) - the throat

Die Halsschmerzen (f. pl.) - soare throat

Die Schmerzen (f)* - the pain

Das Fieber (n) - the fever

Der Schüttelfrost (n) - the chills

Der Tee (m) - the tea

Verbs - Verben

sich erkälten - to catch a cold

Halsschmerzen haben - to have a sore throat

Eine laufende Nase haben - to have a runny nose

Eine verstopfte Nase haben - to have a stuffy nose

sich nicht gut fühlen - to feel unwell 

Tee trinken - to drink tea

sich warm anziehen - to wear something warm

Good to know - Gut zu wissen:

*(A/N): In general, words that have -schmerz (Der Schmerz (m) attached to it become masculine and words that have -schmerzen (Die Schmerzen (f. pl.)) attached to it become feminine. For example:

Der Hals (m) - the throat

…Der Halsschmerz (m) - the sore throat

…Die Halsschmerzen (f.pl.) - the sore throat

Der Rücken (m) - the back (of the body)

…Der Rückenschmerz (m) - the back pain, backache

…Die Rückenschmerzen (f.pl.) - the back pain, backache

Das Ohr (n) - the ear

…Der Ohrenschmerz (m) - the earache

…Die Ohrenschmerzen (f.pl) - the earache

and so on… 

BUT: The singular masculine form isn’t used in basic conversation though. It’s common to use the feminine plural form: Ich habe Halsschmerzen, Ich habe Ohrenschmerzen, Ich habe Rückenschmerzen, etc.

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  • der Appetit [m] | appetite
  • die Abtreibung [f] | abortion
  • das Eis [n] / die Eiscreme [f] | ice cream
  • der Entbindungstermin / der Gerburtstermin [m] | due date
  • die Essiggurke [f] | pickle
  • die Fehlgeburt [f] | miscarriage
  • der Fötus [m] | fetus
  • der Frauenarzt [m] | gynecologist
  • das Fruchtwasser [n] | amniotic fluid
  • die Gebärmutter [f] | uterus
  • die Geburt [f] | birth
  • die Gelüste [pl.] | cravings
  • die Hebamme [f] | midwife
  • der Kaiserschnitt [m] | C-section
  • der Kreißsaal [m] | delivery room
  • der Mutterkuchen [m] | placenta
  • die Nabelschnur [f] | umbilical cord
  • der Muttermund [m] | cervix
  • der Mutterschutz [m] | maternity leave
  • die PDA [f] | epidural
  • der Schwangerschaftstest [m] | pregnancy test
  • die Schwangerschaftsübelkeit [f] | morning sickness
  • die Stimmungsschwankungen [pl.] | mood swings
  • der Ultraschall [m] | ultrasound
  • die Wehen [pl.] | contractions
  • die Vagina [f] | vagina
  • geschwollen- | swollen
  • schwanger- | pregnant
  • abtreiben | to have an abortion
  • jdn. zur Welt bringen | to give birth
  • drücken | to push
  • einen Braten in der Röhre haben | to have a bun in the oven (lit. to have a roast in the oven)
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Hello! I’m honestly not the best person to ask for grammatical explanations, I’m terrible at it due to not studying this at school/uni. I see this all the time but I can’t explain Can anyone help this lovely anon?

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“Ich glaube ich muss mich übergeben”, or “ich glaube ich muss brechen”, or even “Mir ist zum Kotzen zumute”

You can remove ich glaube to denote an urgency :)

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Since I just took a speaking exam and I have another next week I thought i would write some advice for language speaking exams. I find the speaking exams the hardest part of learning a language and I got very stressed before my German speaking which affected my performance. Some of the advice will be general whilst other parts might be focused on GCSE level.

1. Before the Exam
- you have to get to the exam at least 15 before, use this time to recite your presentation to yourself and any key phrases you want to remember. The quiet conditions will help.
-if you have a roleplay section, look over the card and come up with what you want to say and make sure you understand what is being asked and what you must do.
-keep calm! This is very important (and also very difficult) but can really help you. Take deep breaths and focus - my teacher allowed us to bring a stress ball or soft toy to help relax us, but ask your teacher beforehand whether that is okay.

2. Roleplay
- the roleplay can be the easiest part of the exam.
- read the top of the roleplay card very carefully, it will include details of what the roleplay is about and the information could be needed later in the roleplay.
- the words in the questions can often be recycled in your answer!
- you can get all 3 marks by answering the question in short incomplete sentences, you don’t need to use perfect language, for example replying by just saying ‘2 people’ can get you all the marks!

2. Presentation/ Speech
- talk slowly and make the words clear but get into a natural flow.
- if you are allowed a memo card with words on it, make them the start of each sentence or paragraph so they can prompt you.
- the teacher will ask you questions about the topic afterwards so prepare before and come up with some questions they could ask you. Phrases which can be adapted to different questions work well.

4. General conversation
-you will usually cover 2-3 topics (gcse)
- the teacher should announce the topic of conversation before they ask you a question, so listen carefully to what they are saying.
- learn set phrases which can be used in any topic and also sentence started which can play for time while you think of an answer.
-Learn how to say ‘sorry, I don’t understand the question’ and ‘please can you repeat that’. These phrases are very good so you can have the question asked again and you will get marks for asking in the correct language.
- even saying 'I don’t know’ in the language is better than saying nothing at all.

Once the exam is over, however it went, just remember that it’s done and you won’t have to do it again!
It’s only 10-15 minutes of your life and will be over very quickly.

Final reminder:
Your teacher is on your side and they want you to do well. They will try to stretch you to get a good grade but talk to them if you are nervous and they will help you.

Well that’s about it. If you have anything to add, feel free. I hope everyone does well in all their language exams !!! 📚💪🏻

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🇩🇪 German Notes Printable! 🇩🇪

Hey guys~ I compiled a bunch of notes from wikibooks as well as my own notes and textbook (Deutsch Na Klar (7th ed) - Di Donato & Clyde), and thought I’d share them!

Topics include:

  • pronouns in accusative, nominative, dative and genitive cases
  • possessive pronouns
  • gender patterns so you can more easily guess a noun’s gender
  • relative pronouns
  • reflexive pronouns
  • coordinating and subordinating conjunctions
  • passive voice
  • subjunctive I and II
  • adjective endings (including a brief explanation of weak nouns)
  • prepositions arranged by which case they take
  • and a whole bunch of verbs that take certain prepositions (including case and translation)

Just click on the title to download! they’re available in both pdf and word so you can edit if you need to x and please let me know if you find any mistakes so I can edit them!

Enjoy! 🦆

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I’ll start it off!

I’m from England and I started learning German because no other language ‘felt right’ at that time in my life, also it sounded super cool™

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die Universität - university
das Studium - (academic) studies
der Studienplan (auch: das Curriculum) - degree programme (also: curriculum)
das Bachelorstudium (auch: das Bakkelaureat) - bachelor’s degree
das Masterstudium - master’s degree
das Doktorat - degree to become PhD
das Aufbaustudium - postgraduate
das weiterführende Studium - postgraduate
der akademische Grad / der Abschluss / das Diplom - degree
der Campus - campus
die Mensa - cafeteria
der Kurs - course
die Vorlesung - lecture
die Notizen - notes
das Hauptfach - major (subject)
das Nebenfach - minor (subject)
der Dozent / der Ausbildner - instructor
der Professor - professor
die Prüfung - exam
das Stipendium - scholarship
der Nebenjob - side job
die Studentenverbindung - fraternity / sorority
die Voraussetzung - prerequisite
die Aufnahmeprüfung - entrance examination
der Notendurchschnitt - GPA (=grade point average)
das Semester - semester / term
das Auslandssemester - term (or semester) abroad
die Prüfungszeit - examination period/time

die Fakultät - faculty
die Geisteswissenschaft - arts/humanities
die Naturwissenschaft - science
angewandte Wissenschaften - applied sciences
die theologische Fakultät - theological faculty
die Rechtswissenschaften - jurisprudence / law
der Studienzweig - branch of study
(some branches of study following - feel free to add yours if I missed it!)
die Sprachwissenschaft / die Linguistik - linguistics
die Mathematik - maths
die Physik - physics
die Chemie - chemistry
die Biologie - biology
die Theologie - theology
die Geschichte - history
das Lehramt - teaching degree
die Wirtschaft - economy
die Technik - technology / engineering
die Ingenieurswissenschaft - engineering
die Informatik - computer sciences
die Philologie - philology
die Philosophie - philosophy
die Psychologie - psychology
die Archäologie - archeology
die Kunstgeschichte - art history
die Soziologie - sociology
die Ethnologie - ethnology

sich immatrikulieren - to matriculate (also: to enroll)
sich exmatrikulieren - to exmatriculate (also: to leave university)
im Ausland studieren - to study abroad
das Studium abschließen - to complete one’s degree
lernen - to study
mitschreiben - to take notes
eine Prüfung bestehen - to pass an exam
eine Prüfung nicht bestehen - to fail an exam 

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The comparative forms of German adjectives are actually very similar to English.

There are three forms:
The Positive: klein - small
The Comparative: kleiner - smaller
The Superlative: am kleinsten - the smallest

1. Mein Haus ist so groß wie dein Haus. - My house is as big as your house.
2. Mein Haus ist größer als dein Haus. - My house is bigger as your house.
3. Mein Haus ist das größte. - My house is the biggest.

  • The adjectives are in their basic form and don’t change. We use the comparison words “so … wie” around the adjective (as … as):

Anna läuft so schnell wie Max. - Anna runs as fast as Max.

  • Or we can use “genauso … wie”:

Mein Haus ist genauso groß wie dein Haus. - My house is as big as your house.

  • Other expressions that can be used for this kind of comparison:

nicht so … wie (not as … as)
~ Mein Haus ist nicht so groß wie dein Haus. - My house is not as big as your house.
fast so … wie (almost as … as)
~ Mein Haus ist fast so groß wie dein Haus. - My house is almost as big as your house.
halb so … wie (half as … as)
~ Mein Haus ist halb so groß wie dein Haus. - My house is half as big as your house.

  • The Comparative describes two things that are NOT the same.
  • Most adjectives form the comparative with the ending -er:

besser - better
schlechter - worse
neuer - newer
kleiner - smaller

  • Most often the comparative is followed by “als” + 2nd noun that is getting compared:

Anna ist kleiner als Max. - Anna is smaller as Max.
Mein Haus ist größer als dein Haus. - My house is bigger than your house.

  • If the adjective ends in „-el“, the „“e“ is removed when constructing the Comparative form (but not the superlative form):

dunkel - dunkler (dark - darker) 

  • ›If the adjective ends in „-er“ and a vowel comes before the „-er“, then the „e“ is removed when constructing the Comparative form:

teuer - teurer (expensive - more expensive)

  • One-syllable adjectives often change the vowel to one with an umlaut in both the Comparative and Superlative forms

groß - größer (big - bigger)
klug - klüger (smart - smarter)

In English you often have “more” in front of adjectives in the Comparative form: “more expensive”. In German you never do this! 

  • The Superlative is the highest comparison form. ›It describes something that is unsurpassed.
  • There are two ways to form the Superlative:
  • 1. The Superlative is formed with a definite article (der/die/das) before the adjective. The adjective gets the ending -ste:

Ich habe das kleinste Haus - I have the smallest house.

  • Or:
    2. The adjective gets the ending -sten and the preposition -am before it.

dieses Haus ist am kleinsten. - This house is the smallest.

  • Note how the “am” is used when the noun comes before the adjective, while the “das” is used when the noun comes after the adjective! Basically it has something to do with the word order:

Das ist der schnellste Junge. - This is the fastest boy.
Dieser Junge ist am schnellsten. - This boy is the fastest.

When you don’t form sentences, you’ll always use “am”:
schnell - schneller - am schnellsten (quick - quicker - the quickest)
klug - klüger - am klügsten (smart - smarter - the smartest)

  • The Superlative of adjectives that end in „d“, „t“ or „s“, „ß“, „x“, „z“ is constructed with „-est“ 

leicht - leichter - am leichtesten (easy - easier - the easiest)

  • One-syllable adjectives often change the vowel to one with an umlaut in both the Comparative and Superlative forms (The same adjectives that change the vowel in the Comparative form!):

groß - größer - am größten (big - bigger - the biggest)

Irregular Adjectives:

There are adjectives, that don’t follow the rules above. Here are some of them:

gut - besser - am besten (good - better - the best)
hoch - höher - am höchsten (high - higher - the highest)
viel - mehr - am meisten (many - more - the most)
bald - eher - am ehesten (soon - sooner - the soonest)


1. Build the Comparative and the Superlative forms of the following adjectives:
- klein (small)
- neu (new)
- schön (beautiful)
- voll (full)
- süß (sweet)
- groß (big)
- warm (warm)
- gut (good)
- schlecht (bad)
- hoch (high)
- viel (many)
- bald (soon)

Solutions are under the cut.

Keep reading

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The extent and scale of the Holocaust inevitably makes any attempt to represent it by traditional means a hopeless venture. Our monument tries to develop a new idea of ​​memory.

Sorry this was a late reply, vet school has been hell!

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