With billions of dollars in monthly origination and listed players like Lending Club, alternative lending is now mainstream in the United States. Experian’s Clarity Services, a specialist in alternative financial services data and solutions, has released a report titled Alternative Financial Services Lending Trends. It includes deep insights into the online consumer lending industry and leverages data points of over 350 million consumer loan applications and 25 million loans.
The report threw a lot of expected statistics and some surprises that should help online lenders pivot to more fertile territory.
Understanding the Channels
Alternative financial services can be obtained from both online and offline platforms. Though online platforms are mushrooming, brick and mortar still remains dominant in the consumer lending industry.
Types of loans
The types of loans in the report are broadly classified in two categories-
Installment loans – Loans repaid in a series of regular payments (months or years) are known as installment loans.
Single pay – Single pay loans are repaid in a single payment (Lump sum) and usually have a shorter tenure (days/weeks).
Market Trends- Product Mix
Everybody is aware of the fact that online lending has grown, but the growth numbers presented by Clarity are staggering. Following are the charts that capture the growth pattern of online installments and online single pay loans in regards to funded loan volume and the number of funded loans from 2014 to 2018.
The online installment loans marked a growth of approximately 643% in 2018 starting from 2014 whereas the single pay loans’ market doubled in four years.
The number of loans analysis threw similar growth numbers as the loan volume analytics.
Data suggests that online installments loans are the most popular choice in the alternative lending space. The number of unique borrowers has increased by 30% for the past three years.
Loan amount –Almost 60% of loans fell between the $500 to $2000 range in 2018, rising from 43% of all loans in 2014. Only 15% of the funded loans were under $500 in 2018. Therefore the average loan amount is increasing on a year-on-year basis.
Loan Tenure – Maximum loans (over 62%) had a repayment period of over 7 months in 2018 whereas only 9% online installment loans have a payment period of fewer than three months.
Scheduled monthly payment amount – The monthly payment amounts have declined over time. Around 34% of monthly repayments were less than $200 in 2018. This number is an increase from 17% in 2015.
Single Pay Loans
Loan Amount – Loans above $500 grew from 23% to 28% between 2014 and 2018. The overall trend is towards an increasing loan amount.
A credit profiles analysis indicates that online lending is finding favor among not only the subprime category but also the prime and near-prime, which are aggressively adopting alternative financing options. Clarity reports that 29% of consumers with an alternative credit inquiry fell into the prime or near-prime categories in 2018 compared to 21% in 2017.
Age – The online installment borrowers were older than the online single pay borrowers whereas the age of installment and single pay loans’ borrowers remains the same in the case of the storefront channel.
Income trend – The online borrower reported a higher income as compared to one borrowing through a storefront.
In the online segment, income values tend to be higher for Installment loans than single pay loans.
– Forty-five per cent of online installment borrowers reported an annual income over $40,000, while 37% of single pay borrowers reported incomes in this range.
– Conversely, 15% of single pay borrowers reported an income of less than $20,000, as opposed to only 8% of installment borrowers.
Hence consumers falling under the category of online installment loans are likely to have a higher income as compared to other sub-groups.
Consumer Choice – Consumers that prefer privacy opted for online lending whereas the consumers that were looking out for a reliable personalized experience went for the storefront option.
Location – California and Texas are the obvious leaders due to their size. Ohio is steady at third place for the last 3 years with Illinois at the 8th position.
Clarity’s alternative credit loan data provides key learning points for all in the alternative lending industry.
The Online Installment Loan market is growing and the demographics support further growth.
The online installment loans are being increasingly characterized by larger loan amounts, longer payment terms, and smaller scheduled payment amounts.
There are early signs of deterioration in credit performance.
Over half of the online borrowers in 2018 were new to the alternative lending space.
Applicants new to the alternative lending space in 2018 have higher credit scores than those previously seen. However, 2017 borrowers who migrated to traditional lending in 2018 also had higher credit scores than those who stayed with alternative financial services.
California, Texas, and Ohio continue as the top three states for online lending in number of loans, while the largest growth in borrowers is in the middle states like Nebraska and Kentucky.
Insight: Online Lenders will be well served to identify patterns like an increase in loan amount and loan tenure and the rise of Middle America looking for hassle-free lending options.
LendingClub shared a few stats on borrowers who choose this method:
Save an average of nearly $900 over the course of their loan
Cut their credit card interest rate nearly in half
Increase their credit score in just three months
The product has been tested for over a year and LendingClub is working with a partner network of over 1,700 credit card, bank and loan companies to make the process seamless. What’s interesting is borrowers can add up to 12 creditors per loan which is an important feature since borrowers often hold balances across many cards.
US Core CPI rose by 2% YoY in May, just at the Fed’s target rate but below economists’ expectations. Consistently low inflation is boosting calls for a rate cut next week. The market is pricing in a 24% probability of a rate cut next week and a 76% probability of a rate cut in September.
Algorithmic fintech lending is less discriminatory against minorities than traditional loan officers, according to a recent study of US mortgages. The findings signal hope that technology could provide financing that’s more fair, but the research also underscores how widespread discrimination remains.
The US housing market has long been prejudiced against minorities. When Latino and Africa-American borrowers are looking to buy a home, they usually end up paying 7.9 basis points (0.079 percentage points) more than whites to take out the mortgage, and 3.6 basis points more when they refinance the debt, according to a National Bureau of Economic Researchworking paper published this month.
When Clear Point Gardens, a 604-unit apartment complex in Columbus, Ohio, recently changed hands, it produced a nearly 43% gain in 16 months, an amazing windfall for investors in the deal.
All 68 of them.
The sale of Clear Point, financed with help from investors on CrowdStreet’s online platform, is the latest example of how online syndication is revolutionizing the way deals are financed in the $6 trillion commercial real estate market.
One of the world’s largest banks is about to join the digital mortgage revolution, as HSBC Bank USA, the U.S. arm of HSBC Group, announced that it is partnering with Roostify to launch a digital mortgage platform.
The Los Angeles-based company, backed by investors including Mark Cuban, the DJ Diplo, and hedge fund Mark 2 Capital, said on Tuesday it’s rolling out a new checking account product that reports all rent payments to credit agencies. The new feature, added to Dave’s original app, helps customers to build their credit. Dave plans to begin reporting utility payments later this summer.
With Marketrac Platinum, lenders and title companies can utilize the interactive platform to identify top performing real estate agents and brokerage firms to prioritize professional relationships based on market trends.
Sprout Mortgage, the innovative force in Non-QM lending, today announced the launch of its ACORN automated underwriting system (AUS) as part of an ongoing effort to deliver value-added services to its third-party origination clients.
Finicity announced today an integration with LendingQB. LendingQB’s platform now uses Finicity’s digital Verification of Assets (VoA) solution to allow lenders to free up resources, increase processing speed and reduce mortgage fraud while providing borrowers with a more efficient and positive experience.
Last week, three Capital One cardholders filed a putative class action in the Eastern District of New York, Cohen v. Capital One Funding, LLC,1 alleging that the rates of interest they paid to a securitization trust unlawfully exceed the sixteen percent threshold in New York’s usury statutes. The Plaintiffs seek to recoup the allegedly excessive interest payments and an injunction to cap the interest rates going forward.
Cross River Bank, a Teaneck, N.J.-based bank that focuses most of its energy on supporting fintechs, is hiring several people from the student loan refinancing company Laurel Road to its capital markets team.
Cross River’s fintech partners include Affirm, Circle, Best Egg, Coinbase, Rocket Loans, Stripe, Upstart and Transferwise.
Optimisation platform Optimizely has closed US$105 million in financing, including US$50 million in Series D funding. The funding, led by Goldman Sachs Private Capital Investing, also included Accenture Ventures.
Quicken Loans Mortgage Services (QLMS), the second largest mortgage lender serving the needs of brokers, regional banks and credit unions, today announced that Austin Niemiec has been named Executive Vice President.
Self Lender is pleased to announce its inclusion in the inaugural list of winners of the Inclusive Fintech 50. The Inclusive Fintech 50 is a competition launched in February to help early-stage fintech companies attract capital and resources to benefit the world’s 3 billion financially underserved people. The competition was organized by MetLife Foundation and Visa Inc., with global nonprofit Accion and World Bank Group member IFC.
The e-commerce giant partnered with publicly traded bank Synchrony Financial to launch “Amazon Credit Builder” — a program that lends to shoppers with no credit history or bad credit, who would otherwise be exempt from Amazon’s loyalty cards.
The card has the same perks, like 5% cash back on purchases, that come with the popular Amazon Store card, which Synchrony also powers.
This new Amazon card could open the door to a huge segment of U.S. buyers. According to a 2018 FICO survey, more than 11% of the population has a credit score below 550. About 4% of the population has a “bad credit score,” which according to FICO Score is between 300 and 499. Meanwhile according to a 2017 survey by the FDIC, 25% of U.S. households are either unbanked or underbanked.
Although we started 2019 owing more than $1 trillion in credit card debt, Americans repaid $38.2 billion in credit card debt during Q1 2019 – the fourth-largest quarterly payoff ever. Rather than a turning point in consumers’ addiction to overspending, however, the Q1 2019 paydown could actually be a sign that even more debt than expected is now in the forecast for the rest of the year. In fact, WalletHub projects a $70 billion net increase in consumer credit card debt for 2019 overall.
Few companies in Silicon Valley have attained multi-billion dollar valuations as quickly as Brex Inc., the fintech startup whose worth investors now peg at $2.6 billion—just one year after launching its first product.
Brex plans to announce that valuation on Tuesday, along with the news that it has raised $100 million in fresh funding, in a round led by Kleiner Perkins Digital Growth Fund. Other investors in the round include the Y Combinator Continuity Fund, Ribbit Capital and DST Global. Bloomberg reported some details of the funding round last month.
Three top executives of Social Finance Inc. are leaving the financial-tech startup in the coming weeks, adding to the challenges the company faces as it moves through a tough environment for online lenders.
Marketing chief Joanne Bradford, head of risk Kevin Moss and Ashish Jain, the lender’s top capital markets executive, recently told Chief Executive Anthony Noto about their plans to step down from their roles. All three had been at the company prior to Mr. Noto taking the reins in early 2018.
Banks and lenders are reaping the benefits of their technology investments now. Banks like Citi have been able to offer new products and grow their deposit base, while Capital One has improved its efficiency ratio by 400 bps. Banks and lenders continue to make large technology investments for faster growth at lower cost.
What is less well known is the rapid growth of PayPal as a digital lending alternative. It may be time for banks and credit unions to wake up, however, as the company announced that they had crossed $10 billion in small business lending in only 5 years.
Amazon Joins PayPal as Top 5 Small Business Digital Lender
Amazon has joined PayPal, OnDeck, Kabbage, and Square as a top 5 digital small business lender. In fact, Amazon revealed that it had made more than $1 billion in small business loans to US-based merchants in 2018.
The peer-to-peer business lender, Funding Circle, also revealed its first-quarter trading update, showing that loans under management rose by 44% compared to the first quarter of 2018, while originations grew by 23% (they have originated $9.5 billion in loans).
On May 7, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB” or the “Bureau”) released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (“NPRM” or “Notice”) to increase regulation of the debt collection industry.1 The much-anticipated Notice is the outgrowth of the CFPB’s 2016 Outline of Proposals (the “Outline” or the “2016 Outline”), which was a cornerstone of the Obama Administration’s efforts to protect consumers and overhaul all aspects of consumer finance (see our August 10, 2016 client alert on the Outline here). One presidential election and two CFPB Directors later, CFPB Director Kathleen Kraninger announced a more limited plan to put in place substantial protections, but which rejects some of the 2016 Outline’s more ambitious proposals. The NPRM would overhaul the industry by, for example, requiring that debt collectors make no more than seven attempts by telephone per week to reach consumers about specific debts, and allow debtors to opt out of allowing collectors to contact them via e-mail, text messages, or other media. However, the proposal fails to address many of the Outline’s calls for increased regulation of substantiation of debt, decedent debt, and transfer of information to subsequent collectors (among other things).
Biz2Credit, the online lending platform that helps banks and other financial institutions manage small and medium-sized business (SMB) lending processes, announced Tuesday (June 4) that it raised $52 million in venture funding.
Biz2Credit said the Series B funding round was led by WestBridge Capital.
Lighter Capital announced today that it has launched new financing products to better match the capital needs of growing startups. To date, Lighter Capital has provided over $150 million in more than 500 rounds of financing to over 300 startups. The company has historically provided Revenue-Based Financing and has now broadened its portfolio to include lines of credit and term loans, designed to provide startups capital over time as they need it. Unlike most venture debt, startups do not need to have raised Venture Capital to qualify for funding.
1. Lighter Line of Credit – Startups have fluctuations in capital needs, to make essential payments like payroll or wait for a big customer payment. The Lighter Line of Credit is a revolving working capital line. It enables startups to draw and return capital numerous times, to even out their cash needs.
2. Lighter Term Loan – Provides startups growth capital in a traditional structure with predictable payments. Lighter Capital will also make forward commitments, giving startups the right to get additional capital for a period of time. For example, a startup could get a $500,000 loan today and a commitment from Lighter Capital to provide an additional $500,000 over the following six months.
LendPro Unveils Dynamic Routing Capability to Streamline POS Financing (LendPro Email), Rated: A
LendPro LLC, a provider of Lending-As-A-Service (LaaS) products and platforms for retailers, today unveiled Dynamic Routing —an innovative POS financing solution that automatically matches consumer credit applications with the best-available lending option.
While alternative lending software moves credit applications through a pre-defined, inflexible process, Dynamic Routing by LendPro dynamically guides borrower application data to lenders in the merchant’s financing portfolio based on the attributes of the sale. For example, if the total price for a specific purchase is too large (or small) for a lender’s target loan size, LendPro’s Dynamic Routing system can route the applicant to a different lender. This technological innovation saves time, increases simplicity, and may help the borrower avoid an unwanted credit application.
Using a crowdfunding platform, however, 5,000 individuals might each invest $1,000 into the company. Each of those individual investors is exposed to a very small amount of risk, and the company is able to raise the funds without surrendering ownership.
Though the 2008-09 crisis scarred a lot of real estate investors, the fact is that the US real estate sector has been on a secular growth spree in this decade. The sector plays an integral role in the US economy and contributed $1.15 trillion to the country’s economic output in 2018, which is 6.2% of the nation’s GDP. As a matter of fact, till Q3 2018, individuals owned US$25.6 trillion in real estate, and total mortgages amounted to US$10.3 trillion, which implies that home equity stood at US$15.2 trillion until Q3 2018. That’s a record in itself. Approximately 14.7 million homes have 50% or more of their total equity in their houses.
This represents a massive untapped financial asset for American homeowners. But wary of piling on more debt and with selling the house not an option, homeowners need a new solution to monetize their homes. QuantmRE has brought to market a win-win framework with its shared equity contract agreements. In conversation with Matthew Sullivan, founder/CEO of the company, Lending Times gets a front seat view on how the blockchain-powered solution will help millions of homeowners generate additional liquidity without taking on debt.
The QuantmRE Solution
The fundamental concept behind the company’s platform is “the home owner has equity and wants cash, whereas, the investor has money and wants equity.” QuantmRE’s solutions enable an individual to realize the value of their home’s equity without incurring any further debt. QuantmRE’s funds will purchase a fraction of the owner’s home equity and then tokenize it, building a marketplace for both owners and investors, with new financial opportunities. How?
The explanation lies ahead.
Structure of the Contracts
The QuantmRE contracts are flexible to cater to the needs of different stakeholders and are built to suit varied interests of the homeowners – with some contracts having a 10-year commitment attached to them and some contracts committing for 20-30 years. Along with this, the equity ownership framework will rely on risk profiles of the different contracts.
To illustrate, when the owner wants to part with 10% of the current value of their home, they are selling the future rights to its appreciation. When the owner sells the house in the future, they will provide the investor with a 15%-18% of the value of house. Thus, the company is buying 15%-18% of the future value of the owner’s house at 10% of the present value. This 10% is the shared equity. The company will cap the return in the initial years and the ROI will also be capped at 18%-20% per year.
These are strictly real estate contracts and not loans; here the homeowners simply agree to share the present or future appreciation or depreciation of the value of their real estate. The investor is investing in a real estate option and not investing in any debt.
Under the scenario where the house owner does not sell the house, the contract shall either be refinanced under the same terms as before or shall be renewed on new agreeable terms on all sides.
What are the returns for the investors?
Investor in the funds: The fund will buy the equity instruments from individual homeowners, and the investors will benefit from the overall diversification of the fund. The returns are usually asymmetric and are geared for strong positive alpha and downside protection (due to the structure where it pays for 10% on Day One but receives 15%-18% of future value). Even in the scenario where the house prices remain flat or fall marginally, the funds shall still deliver positive returns. But there is still risk involved, as the downside buffer is limited to an extent.
The company is developing a cryptocurrency token with real intrinsic value: EQRE. These tokens shall be backed by audited pooled real estate assets; the tokens derive their value from the equity interests in the single-family owner-occupied homes. These tokens will be launched in the near future.
It provides a platform to the owners and investors to tap the previously illiquid real estate asset class in a stock market environment enabling the fractional interests in the real estate investments to be traded on the blockchain. The tokenization of real estate will allow small mom and pop investors to diversify their real estate holdings and provide institutional players a platform for liquidity in their real estate investments.
QuantmRE To Date
QuantmRE was founded in December 2017 and has successfully originated close to 100 transactions of over $25 million across a few states. Albeit, currently these transactions are not all QuantmRE contracts. Since its inception, the company has developed its technology, contracts, and design. and is just a few weeks away from launching its EQRE token.
As far as funding goes, the company raised close to US$2 million in 2018 in a seed round. The company plans to raise $5 million for working capital and expansion.
The company offers homeowners an opportunity to liquidate a part of their house without taking on more debt. Investors get to partake in the growth of single-family residential units. This is structured through a shared equity contract. These contracts will further back the token of the company that can be traded. The token of the company (EQRE) is being developed and shall be soon launched. QuantmRE plans to integrate the blockchain and cryptocurrency technology with the real estate sector allowing for liquid profitable real estate investments. The company has its eyes on the $15 trillion unmortgaged equity in US homes and is poised to leverage blockchain tech to make it a strong investment proposition.
Morningstar accelerates acquisition of DBRS. This is an interesting acquisition. Consolidation in the credit ratings business means fewer ways to analyze a potential investment. It will strengthen Morningstar’s reputation and analysis technology, but investors will lose in the long run since analysis information will come from fewer quarters.
Online lending startup Social Finance, better known as SoFi, took another tack this morning, quietly announcing in a press release that it has closed half a billion dollars in a single funding round led by Qatar Investment Authority, a Doha, Qatar-based private equity and sovereign wealth fund.
The company said it will use the capital to invest in growth and add some muscle to its $2.3 billion balance sheet. The company’s valuation will stay about the same as with the last funding round two years ago, which was led by Silver Lake.
Social Finance Inc., a financial technology startup, is close to signing a deal that would put its name on a new NFL stadium under construction in Inglewood, California, according to two people familiar with the matter.
The deal for the stadium, which would be home to the Los Angeles Rams and Chargers, hasn’t been signed so figures could change. But currently the agreement would have SoFi pay $20 million a year for 20 years, these people added.
Morningstar, Inc. today announced it has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire DBRS, the world’s fourth-largest credit ratings agency, for a purchase price of $669 million. The combination of DBRS with Morningstar Credit Ratings’ U.S. business will expand global asset class coverage and provide an enhanced platform for providing investors with leading fixed-income analysis and research.
The small business lending market is booming and it’s not the traditional banks that are benefiting. Fintechs are leading the way. Case in point: PayPal. It hit a milestone, announcing it has provided more than $10 billion in loans to more than 225,000 small businesses around the globe.
The $10 billion mark comes a little more than five years after PayPal made its first loan. Today it has issued more than 650,000 loans through financing programs in the U.S., UK, Australia, Germany, and Mexico.
First, a quick summary of headlines. The Fed agreed to keep interest rates on hold for longer according to the minutes of the April meeting. The decision is expected to help inflation pick up towards the Fed’s 2% target. The Fed’s latest ‘dot plot’, shown below, indicates Fed governors on the margin expect lower rates in the 2019 to 2021 timeframe suggesting lower growth expectations.
Source: PeerIQ, US Federal Reserve, Bloomberg
“…what we see is right now the fundamentals of the economy in the U.S. on a global basis and the fundamentals of consumers and unemployment being low as you mentioned, means that credit is in good shape and we just don’t see that changing a lot.”
Small business clients are increasingly looking to alternative lenders for financing. There are numerous draws for SMB clients: a fast and easy application process, quick funding, and a higher chance of being approved for a loan.
Consumer lending in the US reached nearly 1.5 trillion dollars in 2018, according to the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, and European banks reported a demand growth of 25% in the second quarter of 2018. Needless to say, it’s a good time for lending.
While banks are still paying out the lion’s share of the loans, alternative lenders are gradually moving in to fill holes in the ever-increasing lending market.
Fintechs Exploit the Growing Market
The traditional banking sector is entrenched in their old way of doing business. Banks and customers alike expect a certain customer experience and style of operational management. While this may appeal to some customers and lending institutions, it comes at a significant cost. Each teller or call-agent interaction at a traditional bank costs an average of four dollars compared to merely ten cents for a mobile interaction.
While the profits of running a fintech are clear, the process of getting up and running is not without its challenges.
Practical Steps for Setting up a Lending Company
Lending markets vary from country to country depending on regulations, legislation, and consumer behavior. This simple roadmap outlines the general process to get started.
Point One: Becoming A Legitimate Enterprise
In order to start lending online, business owners need to create a legal entity. This is the vehicle that all lenders will use to navigate red tape. As this process varies greatly from business to business, it may take as little as 1% or as much as 20% of your initial startup budget.
One possible way of circumventing this is to purchase an already existing bona fide legal entity or lending franchise. For example, the largest franchise lender in the US is Liquid Capital. The short-term costs may run a bit higher, however, the long-term benefits of using an existing household name could potentially pay large dividends.
In addition to the unique requirements for lending entities, regular business costs will often crop up as well. Among others, these could include hiring and administrative overhead and office rental. On average, these costs could take anywhere from 10%-12% of your startup budget.
Point Two: Raising Funds
Raising capital to lend out is the primary operational challenge for any lending startup.
Usually the best way for a startup to begin lending is with their own capital, but when that is not possible (or favorable) funds can be raised in the marketplace. Recently, institutional lenders have become much more comfortable with providing capital to lending startups following the rise of the P2P model.
Any lending company funded by public investors will have to factor in the cost of hiring a Certified Public Accounting firm to perform an audit to certify all financial data including their business plan, valuation, and other financials.
Point Three: Using the Right Technology Platform
The core of any modern lending company is the technological platform it runs on. The platform is the brain of the business and takes time to nurture and grow. It is best to do this in parallel with the other points as it is the primary capital asset of the operation.
When it comes to platforms, there are two main options: building your own from scratch or purchasing an existing platform from a vendor. This crucial decision will have a long-term impact on the business and will greatly affect setup and operational costs. Each option comes with pros and cons:
Building a lending system from scratch is more time-consuming, and can take up to 12 months. It requires a substantial upfront investment as you will need both financial and technological expertise to pull it off. Additionally, time-sensitive shifts in the market could be a factor, so timing your release is of paramount importance. While this option could be risky, it gives lenders full control over the product they build.
Purchasing an existing lending platform is generally less expensive and faster. There are a wide range of solutions both out-of-the-box and fully-customizable. The options fall into two general categories: traditional core banking systems (eg. Oracle, Temenos, and Infosys) or fintech-focused solutions (eg. HES Lending Software).
There are number of software challenges that digital lender should consider when choosing a platform:
In order to optimize productivity, systems often require further customization.
Some systems only cover a single or hand-full of loan management aspects like underwriting, loan origination, or loan servicing, and do not support many back-office functions.
Systems often do not integrate with the majority of third-party services, so lenders might end up needing to mix and match software to run their business.
Some systems do not extend well into new markets or product segments.
Some systems require license upgrades to increase the loan volume or number of user accounts.
With a good understanding of the industry, thorough planning, and about $200,000 to $1,000,000 of startup capital, a state-of-the-art lending business can be launched. Not only do these businesses financially benefit their owners and investors, but they come with the satisfaction of knowing that every loan issued has great potential for improving the lives of the borrowers and their communities.
Natalie Pavlovskaya is the Chief Marketing Officer at HES (HiEnd Systems), a fintech company behind comprehensive lending and credit scoring solutions. She is a Marketing Executive with international business experience in CIS, EMEA, and US, working for more than 7 years in digital marketing.
Kroll Bond Rating Agency (KBRA) assigns preliminary ratings to four classes of notes issued by Prosper Marketplace Issuance Trust 2019-3 (PMIT 2019-3). This is a $380.99 million consumer loan ABS transaction.
FinTech issuers saw growth in revenues and loans. Pace of loan growth weakened slightly as originations fell at Enova and grew by less than 10% YoY at OnDeck and OneMain. Stock price performance post earnings was mixed. Enova saw its stock price increase by 18% post earnings while OnDeck’s stock price dropped by 16%.
Over the past 10 years, the amount of outstanding personal loan debt has increased by 75%.
The share of personal loan inquiries from those with incomes over $108,000 increased by 77% between the second quarter of 2017 and the first quarter of 2019, while the share of inquiries from people earning over $84,000 increased by 65%.
The share of personal loan inquiries from super prime borrowers (740 and higher) increased by 47% between the second quarter of 2017 and the first quarter of 2019, and the increase in prime and super prime borrowers (680 and higher) rose by 36%.
The share of personal loans closed by borrowers with incomes over $108,000 on the LendingTree marketplace increased by 38% between the second quarter of 2017 and the first quarter of 2019, and the share of borrowers earning over $84,000 increased by 26%.
The share of closed personal loans from super prime borrowers (740 and higher) increased by 37% between the second quarter of 2017 and the first quarter of 2019, and the increase in prime borrowers (680 and higher) rose by 19%.
Borrowers with incomes up to $24,000 decreased their share of closed loans by 22%, and those with incomes up to $48,000 decreased their share by 17%.
The share of loans closed by borrowers with scores below 560 increased by 28%, but the share of closed loans from borrowers with scores between 560 and 619 dropped by 24%.
The share of inquiries from people with incomes up to $24,000 dropped by 27% during the same period, while inquires from those with incomes up to $48,000 dropped by 16%.
The share of loan inquiries by borrowers with scores below 560 decreased by 12%, and the share of closed loans from borrowers with scores below 620 decreased by 9.2%.
For example, in the SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-3 LLC, securities show that the average gross income of borrowers as of May 2017, was $141,780, with an average FICO score of 731, and an average VantageScore of 682. The most recent offering, reported in February 2019, showed borrowers had an average income of $151,144, an average 753 FICO score, and a 713 VantageScore.
Job loss and medical expenses are the leading factors causing Americans’ credit scores to drop, according to new research by Elevate’s Center for the New Middle Class (CNMC).
According to the new report, 55% of respondents cited job loss or reduction in work hours as the reason why their credit score dipped below 700. Nearly a quarter (24%) cited medical bills as the primary cause. Following these leading factors, a variety of typical, seemingly innocuous expenses follow, including repairing a car (11%), leaving home for the first time (6%), and putting a child through college (5%).
Non-prime consumers are 86% more likely to experience multiple factors that negatively affect their credit score compared to just one. For example, of the 23% who mention a medical reason, about three-quarters (75%) also experienced an income drop, severely complicating their ability to manage and cover medical expenses.
American debt is at an all-time high. How did we manage to dig ourselves into a steep $13 trillion hole? Credit card debt alone accounts for $1 trillion of this debt, with the average balance over $6,000 per capita.
33% of Americans are going into debt to pay off debt
Generation X is most likely to incur short-term debt to pay down long-term debt
Women who use debt to make other debt payments tend to do so multiple times
Once every few weeks, Myra Haq withdraws $100 or so from Earnin, an app that lets people borrow small sums of money.
The app lets her withdraw up to $100 a day, and never more than what she actually makes in a pay period, and then withdraws the money from her checking account once her direct deposit hits.
Unsurprisingly, payday lenders typically target low-income people — a 2013 Pew report found that 58 percent of people who use payday loans have trouble meeting monthly expenses at least half the time and usually borrow to deal with “persistent cash shortfalls rather than temporary emergencies.”
The average American household with student debt owes almost $48,000, and experts believe that student loan debt has held millennials back from major life milestones like marriage, homeownership, and having children.
New York-based iintoo acquired RealtyShares’ assets, Inman reported. The move boosts the company’s portfolio size to $2.5 billion assets under management from $1 billion, according to the company.
Current and former investors in RealtyShares will be able to access iintoo’s crowdfunding platform, the report said. The deal — terms of which were not disclosed — is a joint venture between iintoo and Texas-based real estate firm RREAF Holdings, LLC, which will manage the investment porftolio.
In April 2018, LendingClub provided us with $5,000 to open a brand new account. Since then we have been chronicling the status of the account on a quarterly basis. Below are links to the full series of blog posts in chronological order:
Excellent credit (760+ score): Offered APRs to consumers with a credit score of 760+ averaged 9.23% in April.
The average best APR offered to all borrowers with credit scores of 760 or above was 9.23%, an increase of 13 basis points from the prior month and an increase of 188 basis points from the same period one year ago.
At $20,810, the average loan amounts offered with the best APRs to all borrowers with a score of 760 was up 0.33% ($69) from last month, and down 9.44% ($1,964) from the same period one year ago.
The top 10% of offers, presented to borrowers with the best profiles within this group, had offered APRs of 5.15% on average, and loan amounts of $19,489. A borrower with this APR and loan amount would save $1,565 by consolidating debt with a 10% APR over a three-year term.
The latest entrant to the credit market, point-of-sale loans, may be shaking up how consumers finance large purchases. According to the TransUnion (NYSE: TRU) Q1 2019 Industry Insights Report, this phenomenon, combined with the popularity of credit card reward programs, may be particularly taxing for the private label card category.
Year-over-Year Origination Growth
Q1 2019 Credit Card Trends
Credit Card Lending Metric
Number of Credit Cards
Borrower-Level Delinquency Rate (90+ DPD)
Average Debt Per Borrower
Prior Quarter Originations*
Average New Account Credit Lines*
*Note: Originations are viewed one quarter in arrears to account for reporting lag.
Growth in Personal Loans Led by Super Prime Consumers
Personal loan balances continued to climb in Q1 2019, growing 19.2% year over year to a new high of $143 billion. Over the past four years total balances have nearly doubled, growing from $72 billion in Q1 2015. Growth is occurring across all risk tiers with originations increasing 9.7% to 5.0 million in Q4 2018. Super prime borrowers had the largest growth on the origination front with an increase of 22.5% year-over-year, compared to 19.5% over the same period last year.
SoFi launches gig-focused ETF. There are 56.7 million freelance workers in the U.S. The gig market, already huge, is growing. Forbes reported last year that 35 percent of the workforce was made up of gig workers, and that number is expected to increase to 43 percent by 2020.
Today, the company announced a new exchange-traded fund (ETF) product focused on the gig economy. GIGE, which trades on Nasdaq, is an actively managed fund advised by Toroso Investments that allows investors to capitalize on this hot sector of the economy. Toroso offers a range of services around creating and managing ETFs.
The company also announced the creation of an ETF focused on high-growth stocks. That ETF, which trades as SFYF on the NYSE, is designed to identify and capture the growth of the top 50 of the 1,000 largest publicly traded issues.
Online-loan marketplace LendingClub (LC – Get Report) was rising more than 14% Wednesday to $3.70 after reporting a surprise profit in the first quarter, though the company’s guidance was short of expectations.
LendingClub reported a 22% increase in transaction fees that led to a 15% increase in revenue to $174.4 million and adjusted earnings of 2 cents per share. Wall Street was expecting the company to report revenue of $169.4 million and a loss of 3 cents per share.
The marketplace lending platform reported adjusted net loss of $11.25 million, or 3 cents a share — red ink, but less than the 4 cents per share loss analysts were forecasting.
That stronger-than-expected revenue outcome was driven by stronger-than-expected loan originations during the first quarter, which rose 18 percent year-on-year to $2.73 billion. That increase in originations drove an increase in transaction fees, which were up 22 percent to $135.4 million.
For the second quarter, the company expects net revenue between $185 million and $195 million, with the high end slightly below the average analyst estimate of $196.7 million.
Wedbush believes LendingClub’s improving operating efficiency will help it produce an adjusted EBITDA margin of 20% by the end of 2019. The firm also expects LendingClub to grow revenue by 12%-15% annually in the coming years.
LendingClub rounded out 2018 originating the most loans in the company’s history at $10.9 billion. With their Q1 2019 results, the company is off to a great start in 2019. Originations were $2.7 billion, up 18% year over year. The company reported that application growth was 31% over the same period.
Source: Lend Academy
Net revenues came in above high end guidance of $172 million at $174.4 million for the quarter, up 15% year over year. GAAP Consolidated Net Loss was $(19.9) million, compared to $(31.2) million in Q1 2018. Finally, the company delivered adjusted EBITDA of $22.6, up 47% year over year and well above their projections of $13-$18 million. LendingClub is on track to become adjusted net income profitable over the second half of 2019.
GreenSky Q1 2019 Earnings
In Q1 2019 GreenSky increased transaction volume on the platform 20% to $1.2 billion. They also grew revenue 22% to $103.7 million form the prior year period. GAAP Net Income in Q1 2019 was $7.4 million. The company had aggregate commitments of $11.8 billion from nine bank partners of which $4.5 billion remain unused. The company ended the quarter with $268 million in cash.
Source: Lend Academy
OnDeck Q1 2019 Earnings
Originations fell for the quarter to $636 million compared to $658 million for the previous quarter. This was attributed to OnDeck tightening their credit box during the quarter. The company shared that their line of credit product reached an all time high of $150 million for the quarter.
Strong GDP Growth Continues (PeerIQ Email), Rated: AAA
CrowdStreet, Inc., a technology provider with an online marketplace for direct equity investment in commercial real estate (CRE), announced that in March it crossed the $500 million threshold in total online investments with a record number of new individual investors.
The news accompanies a record quarter with over $75 million invested.
Corporate America has taken on substantially more debt in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Today, the underlying structure of that leverage looks different. Fewer bonds are being issued. Bank loans to indebted companies now match junk bonds in total issue. This article will review the market for leveraged loans – a marketplace that has grown tenfold in the new millennium and has passed the $1 trillion threshold.
In 2017, nearly 70% of levered loans were refinanced at lower interest rates. That creates a lot of turnover.
BlackRock founded a Palo Alto, California-based group called AI Labs last year, directed by the Stanford professor Stephen Boyd. Now, according to job postings reviewed by Business Insider, the 30-member team is tackling projects ranging from next-generation lending platforms to automating human tasks.
Avant LLC, the online lending phenomenon which had previously been hailed as a “breakout financial success story,” has agreed to settle a lawsuit brought by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for $3.85 million. Although the lawsuit largely relied on a different federal statute, it shares much of the consumer financial protection zeal of the excessive overdraft fee lawsuits recently leveled against credit unions, banks and payday lenders. But it also reveals shortcomings in federal consumer protection laws.
Consumers who fall behind on credit payments may find an unexpected lifeline—another loan from their lender. A new TransUnion (TRU) study found that, in some instances, both lenders and consumers can benefit when additional loans are extended to customers during difficult times. The findings were released today during the 2019 TransUnion Financial Services Summit, attended by more than 300 executives from across the globe.