Discussions of what is Pure Krav Maga - Reality based Self Defense Training Method and what is not, how to do it, and how not, and why.
Promoting Krav Maga and Self Defense Training Aids:
Pure Krav Maga - Self Defense Mastery Training DVD Set;
Krav Maga - Use Your Body as a Weapon Training Manual
In colleges and universities, you need to take enough classes of various levels to get your diplomas. The selection of the courses and levels are designed to encourage a well rounded thinking person with analytical and professional’s skills.
Pure Krav Maga repeated one week of five days intensive training is the civilian best option for quality self defense training.
The model for it is the third in lineage Israel Defense Forces Krav Maga Chief Instructor personal Krav Maga training experience in achieving the rank of IDF Krav Maga Top Expert! The process and requirements are empirical.
In the IDF you take the about 200 Krav Maga Techniques and about 21 drills and learn them in 21 hours. You repeat it 3 times in the three week course span which is required to provide for lesson evaluations and testing. If you are selected to instruct at the IDF Fighting Fitness Academy and thus certify future Krav Maga Instructors, you are then evaluated at least 3 times while teaching the instructor course.
So you take the Pure Krav Maga One week course or more precisely 5 days. During the training and drilling, the instructor keeps an eye on your performance and after you have the opportunity to be corrected through the training steps, the simple training drills which become gradually more complex, your bad habits are being corrected and you may repeat them as the pressure increase due to the nature of the complexity of the drills and be corrected again and again. You are then assumed to remember the techniques and training drills, and if you don’t it’s all in the book and training videos for reference, you are being certified as a Pure Krav Maga Instructor level 4. You have the free hand to award your students Pure Krav Maga levels 1-3 patches.
You repeat the course while participating in the same level 4 instructor course again with new students. You have a second time to have all your bad habits extracted out and corrected advancing through the training drills. You are now level 5 Master Instructor!
Repeat the course again, and cycle the dirty laundry and you become level 6 Senior Master Instructor.
Now you are getting close to the requirement to be able to teach the whole curriculum intensively again. You need to demonstrate the mastery of remembering the whole curriculum, being able to put up a lesson plan, and be evaluated and corrected on your teaching skills. This is a step toward understanding what it needs to be like to be able to do it all by yourself intensively. If you are making progress instead of reverting to old bad training habits, you are now level 7 Advanced Senior Master Instructor.
Now for level 8 you need to become an expert. You need to be evaluated through your training and teaching on control of the whole curriculum and its training drills and emphasis points. Some lessons you are going to teach and be evaluated on, and the rest you will demonstrate proficiency as you just do the training drills in front of the instructor. You either pass or do not! In any case you will be given an itemized list of what inefficiencies you are lacking and need to work on. If you passed you are now level 8 Krav Maga Expert. You are now allowed to teach the Intensive Pure Krav Maga Instructor Course!
The book Krav Maga – Use your Body as a Weapon, training steps lists the teaching steps which are the same as the training steps of the about 200 techniques of the curriculum.
The Pure Krav Maga – Self Defense Mastery DVD Set has the hands on demonstration of all the lessons in the curriculum with all the possibilities of errors and their corrections.
You are doing a great job for the community and teaching great instructor courses while being evaluated on some and you are reaching level 9 Krav Maga Top Expert. The founder will have to attend the follow up higher level instructor rankings. The founder dies and you become the key man or woman in this virtual system of Pure Krav Maga Quality Control.
So in the five days Pure Krav Maga Instructor course, the Instructor, is doing the monitoring, correcting and scoring of proficiency in all the 200 techniques and training drills. He later is doing all the monitoring of your mental process in reaching levels of expertise in the training system.
Five days model is selected because unfortunately this is what the above average student is willing to give to the sore subject of self defense which should in fact be one of the top priorities of all people to conduct a prosper and safe life.
- You have the initial entry to the hotzone initiated by self of attacker! Each Entry and Exit relates to a different fight in reality! So the more you get in and out, the more “fights” experience you gain!
- In this entry to the hotzone, you are facing with usually with a double burst one after the other of pokes and cuts designed to reach your arms and body and counter your counters.
- Any bodily contact including wrist slap, and wrist pull or takedown from the back distort opponent’s balance, and can prevent the attacker or defender from reaching their destinations of attack and block.
- If you feel you were able to deflect an attack and strike the opponent in a pressure point before the follow up attack, then you did well.
- Since we are marking our counter attacks to encourage our training partner to feel confident to challenge us at full force and speed without fear of injury to self, it is possible that at times the training partner in the attacker role continues with the up burst of attacks and it may looks like this attempt was unsuccessful where it really was successful. Of course not all attempts would be successful, but this is why we drill it to get the feel and learn.
- In any fight there is part luck and part reliance on tactics. Which would you rather put more weight on?
The craze of Mixed Martial Arts Type competitions and training gyms are a good example for the variety of training methods including fitness, techniques and tactics.
For someone with vast experience of Israel Defense Forces Krav Maga training, you can see a pattern and make educated observations to compare the two.
The common thing is that whether in Self defense, or hand to hand combat training or sports and entertainment sparring, dismemberment gouging and ripping are disallowed.
It is the responsibility of trainers and training and sparring partners and referees to preserve the minimum safety to prevent severe damage!
It is the human nature of many athletes as well not to injure their competitors if they do not have to.
But what MMA did collectively in bulk is added whole systems or at least the exact selected techniques and tactics of each one of them, and simply trained its competitors in them without major adjustments. If these techniques had lost their full perfection is because the MMA trainers did not take the time to learn and tech them perfectly. Most of them rely on the power of the Mix anyway with the assumption that if one method would not work you try another.
Other assumptions for example that it does not have to be perfect as long as it works, is off the wall complete ignorant cover up excuse for lack of qualifications. While some people associate technique perfection with beauty, symmetry, speed, expression, athletic exhibition, the only characteristic from a hand to hand combat training system perspective, is efficiency in all aspects of the matrix.
What are all aspects of the matrix of efficiency? In Hand to Hand Combat the goal is to control your opponents by reaching their control points called pressure points before they can reach yours! So the first coordinate of efficiency would be a straight line from the defender’s strikes to the attacker’s pressure points.
The second coordinate of efficiency would be using the best leverages of the human body to create maximum speed and maximum weight shift during impact.
The third coordinate of efficiency would be to find the limits of human reaction time – the time that a human can still stop an incoming strike of a kick or a stab or a strike with a weapon in the shortest distance possible by surprise.
The fourth coordinate of efficiency is consolidation of similar reach and pressure point control methods and defensive block methods and attempting to use uniformed solution for as many possibilities as possible. For example any straight punch to the head would be blocked and countered with the same method.
This forth coordinate is actually becomes tactical solutions because of its complexity. It is dependent on the first three: efficient methods of reach; the most efficient methods of using leverages to generate impact and block impact and leverage pressure points and escape from them; the limits of the human reaction time and the timing and limits of surprising an opponent managing to reach his pressure points without interference, and what is the best method to do it considering your body leverages, its reaction time, and no restricting rules.
If you look at fighting sports you see that each one perfected every option and angle allowed within the safety rules that it has. But when you combine them together, you see that each sports attacks and defenses will not work all the times when you add other attacks and defense control methods.
Some of the principles used in Krav Maga are reach with the closest limb for attack and defense. That makes sense. When you see someone kicking with his cross leg or punching with his cross hand, that is because that at a certain point and time that limb became closer to the opponent , or was the next ready and available limb for action.
But when you see someone just lunging and attacking with his rear leg or cross punch first, it is obvious that although he might succeed, he is not being efficient. His success would only depend of the lack of knowledge of his opponent to take advantage of this error!
If you take the jab and compare it to the drop punch. There is no weight shift with the jab! You move both feet close to the opponent maintaining your center of gravity in balance so you can immediately retreat and tap your opponent with your glove. With the drop punch however, you lung and shift all your weight by extending your torso over your center of gravity and your shoulder would be positioned way ahead of your toes. While the defensive tactic in case of the jab would be your ability to run back, you have to have another tactical plan with the drop punch!
For a low punch to the floating ribs or the liver you would dip your torso forward. Your tactical defense would be to dip your torso to the opposite direction! You can do the same with the drop punch. Your torso dip is not as great as the low punch dip, but instead when you throw the cross punch, you return to center of gravity balance. The stopping point after the retraction of the arm, the positioning of your arms at that point and the immediate readiness to deliver the cross punch to any direction would give you the tactical defense en route.
If you look at all up to date MMA public fights, there is the same pattern for the winners and the losers. Winners would tend to be more efficient along the chain of defense, while losers would tend to be less efficient through the chain of defense.
Sometimes you see a perfect immediate knock out kick from the long range, and sometimes the fight moves back and forth within the kicking, punching and grappling ranges. Part of this pattern has to do with forgoing opportunities trying not to severely hurt the opponent, and part of it is due to ignorance losing an opportunity.
But when you see someone knocking his opponent out with a seesaw motion kick to the chin, a good side kick to the center body, a good front and back roundhouse kicks to the head or center body, or even the legs, a drop punch, hitting the liver, kidneys or the sides or back of the head in grappling scenarios you see an example of the tactics of Pure Krav Maga.
Of course they would be masked with the glove, with the limitations of obvious soft pressure points and the semi ignorance and limitation of applying immediate judgment for the amount of force to be used to dangerous areas of those that execute them.
Learning Pure Krav Maga takes about 30 hours of Intensive Programming. Of course you can repeat the course few more times in various shapes and forms and regurgitate it to above perfection. But the key in learning is gearing your mind to the process of self defense and understanding every aspect of it, while drilling essential components of it and synchronizing your mind, body and soul all during that short intensive time of 30 hours.
-Why Thirty hours: The IDF course original Krav Maga Course was about 100 hours of practicing Krav Maga Techniques, learning how to apply them in sparring methods in a combination of virtual reality system to minimize injuries and maximize learning, and learning how to teach them, and getting evaluated on teaching them. There was also extra fitness activities built into the course to gain broad fitness skills from the Israel Defense Forces Fighting Fitness Academy Fitness Instructors.
In this thirty hour course you are learning in a smaller group self defense in simplified broken down complexity of detailed program. If you only have 10 students in a class as opposed to 40, you can cut the training time accordingly, as you have less people to pay attention to during the intensive detailed training.
You will not have time for lesson evaluation in this course, however your instructor assumes that if you can demonstrate mastery of the course, and you’ve learned it intensively through the breaking down its building blocks and putting them back together, you must have the potential to help others learn it in the same way. Of course the more you teach it the better you will become proficient. Pure Krav Maga offers advanced training as well which aside from rehearsing the prior curriculum, and regurgitating it, students get the opportunity to repeated exposure of corrections of errors and misconceptions, and get evaluated on teaching skills and get constructive comments in both. So basically you get the option to rehearse, perfect, and clean up repeatedly.
Thirty Intensive hours amount to most convenient intensive five days of training with 6 hours per day of which one hour consists of warming up and stretching using selected techniques extracted from yoga specifically for Krav Maga training.
The construction of the intensive course, is geared to help the mind and body memorize the essence of hand to hand combat. That prioritizes the time spent on learning the complex material such as generation of impact and blocking impact complex motions, to save all the physical and mental force for that purpose. The sequence of learning is important as well. Teaching the essence of self defense is teaching how to prevent giving a potential attacker the opportunity to control your own pressure points, and learning how to control opponents using their pressure points first. The chain of defense from greater distance down to the close range is also a key in memorization and gasping of the essence. But more important the Chain of Defense Principle is about learning to neutralize an opponent from a distance first to save more options if the previous failed up to the point of which there are no options left!
Once students master the principles of generation of the force of impact, the force of push and pull, and get a good control of their opponent/training partner’s pressure points and limb manipulations and understanding and manipulations of the reaction time in all its aspect, and how to prioritize in real time decision, they can move into complex drills of sparring and testing the limits. Once their minds master the learning process of the most complex motions, they are able to learn other techniques easier, and then fit more techniques per hourly training time.
Another essential aspect of the choice of what to teach before the rest, is according to the assigned thoughtfulness of importance of most dangerous aspect to eliminate.
So the process consists of learning the dangers having your pressure points being exposed to harm, then learning how to harm someone in minimum amount of time in various methods, that through them you can extrapolate any method possible. After that, students learn how to stop these most unexpected attacks on time in the best option to prevent any other possible attack. The only psychology of self defense you practice is gearing your mind into learning of worst case scenario options. The psychological aspect of gaining confidence is really not psychological, but mental and physical by trial and error in an intensive fashion which lets your draw conclusions fast!
Of course you can learn Krav Maga over longer amount of time, or even only selected training chapters without the complete curriculum, but you better be informed what you are missing, and remember to pick it up at a later date planned according to a good curriculum and quality control methods.
Pure Krav Maga H2H dynamics evaluation can be applied to actual sports matches, Pure Krav Maga Sparring, Martial Arts and Movies Fight Choreography, or aftermath self defense or hand to hand combat occurrences to pass judgement on abilities and need for improvement in training and comprehension.
The evaluation is broken down for few segments for the ease of control and detailed attention to the essence:
-Mode of response preserving your life and dignity vs. preserving an opponent's life and dignity;Deescalation
-Chain of defense over reaction time
-Use of leverage in impact efficient dynamics and passing of the target at sufficient impact about 3-5 inches, or ability to so so if using modified force according to the reach.
-Dynamic Tactical foreseeing of all the possibilities before each tactical hotzone entry in the chain of defense, and choice of appropriate solution presented.
-Final Choice of controlling the opponent and your own safety before departing.
The theory of distracting the opponent with a weak punch gaining time to deliver a final KO blow while letting the jabber to escape back and not getting counter punch as his jab is not completely committed has not use in Hand to Hand Fighting, since the defender could follow up with a kick to catch an escaping opponent.
However the theory of trying to cause distraction with a jab to follow up with a greater force KO has a greater likelihood to work if the follow up attack is efficiently immediate. That theory is applied in martial arts and fighting sports with varieties of combinations such as low kick to the calf followed up with high kick to the head. Kick to the groin followed up with a hammer Fist or Elbow strike to the back of the neck or head. Back Hand Strike follow up a side kick to a retracting opponent followed up with elbow strike to the temple or chin and a knee to the groin...
Pure Krav Maga - The Original Israel Defense Forces Krav Maga training system created by Imrich/Imere/Immi Lichtenfeld developed by Eli Avikzar, and perfected by Boaz Aviram is a name assigned to the extraction of working training principles from the martial arts and fighting sports, modifying them to perfect Hand to Hand Combat and Self Defense training system using Israel Defense Forces standards of Short and Precise Training Methods. Watch the complete Israel Defense Forces Original Krav Maga 21 Hour Curriculum:
1- DANGER- ELEMENT OF SURPRISE KILLING;HOT ZONE BORDER IS THE BREAKEVEN POINT TO FACILITATE THAT.
2- PRESSURE POINTS MUST BE CONTROLLED FIRST IF FORCED TO ENTER THE DANGER ZONE.
3- EFFICIENCY: TEACHING HOW TO MAXIMIZE IMPACT AND PUSH AND PULL LEVERAGES TO CONTROL PRESSURE POINTS FIRST UNDER THE CONSTRAINT OF THE REACTION TIME.
4- 21 HOUR COMPREHENSIVE CURRICULUM OF TRAINING TIME PLUS WARM UP TIME ACCORDING TO THE SCHEDULE OF TRAINING AND ADDITIONAL TIME TO OVERCOME BAD HABITS.
5- ANALYZED AND CONSOLIDATED PAST GENERATIONS OF FIGHTING METHODS AND EXPERIENCE EXTRACTING UNIVERSAL PRINCIPLES PRIORITIZED TO SELF DEFENSE: THE CREATION OF THE HUMAN MOST EFFICIENT FIGHTING MODEL THROUGH ANALYSIS OF WHAT TAKES LESS AMOUNT OF TIME IN CHOOSING AND CONTROLLING OPPONENT'S PRESSURE POINTS BEFORE THEY CONTROL OURS.
A day worth of Krav Maga Training Watered Down to a Year! The Civilian Association Yellow Belt Curriculum which amounted to a list of Techniques to be covered over a period of continuous of twice a week an hour of training for 4 months was covered in the Israel Defense Forces in One Day of Training.
Although one may argue that one day cannot be that thorough, the fact is that the original IDF Krav Maga Curriculum was the original and it was converted to a watered down five years training method. From a 21 hour military curriculum that could be rehearsed and evaluated over three weeks teaching straight, precise good habits from the inception.
While the Military Instructor had one hour to teach straight hand strikes which amounted to lining up a group of 20 soldiers, executing specific warm up drill and drilling the punching in a 4 step intensive training methods 10 times each step or combination of steps, and having at least half an hour to pay attention to teach of the 20 soldiers in the class who is still having a problem of executing efficient drop or cross punches with sufficient Knockout force without projection keeping the element of surprise working.
All that while the Civilian Instructor would struggle with a mixture of kids, adults and new additions to the class with a single demonstration with the expectation of students will learn by observation and practice and somewhere along the 4 months before they are tested to the next belt, they would be somewhat corrected.
The truth is that after few generations of civilian instructors black belts instructors did not know the ingredients of a knock out punch themselves...
KRAV MAGA by IMMI LICHTENFELD [translated and commentary by Boaz Aviram, the Third in Lineage Israel Defense Forces Krav Maga Chief Instructor]
Yellow Belt Introduction: 1. Explain to the students what is Krav Maga, and what is Self Defense: "Krav Maga is made out of two: a. Self Defense. b. Hand-to-hand-combat;In Self Defense we distinguish in a certain way of defense which includes defense vs. punches, kicks, sticks(short stick and long stick)knife, bayonet, and escapes from various holds, escapes from chokes and body holds. The self defense we classify between the white and blue belts;Hand-to-hand combat: here we conduct fist sparring, kick sparring, knife sparring, various attack and various artistic drills. Hand-to-hand combat includes the owners of black and brown belts.
2. Safety in Training which must be strictly followed during the lesson: a. Every student must have a medical exam(a doctor's form). b. The area of training, the tatami must be clean and without clutter. c. Fingernails-every student must cut his/hers fingernails in his hands and feet. d. Jewelry must be removed. e. Dress code not torn. The belt is tied where the knot appears in the middle. f. Warm Up is done in an easy way for not pulling a muscle.(After illness there is a need to train lightly without exertion). g. Warm Up must be specific to the lesson plan (for example: if the plan is drilling kicks, the emphasis of the warm up is leg stretching etc.)
h. Breakfalls for beginner in an outward direction to the tatami where the face in the direction of the center of the tatami and the back is pointed outward. i. Rollovers all in the same direction. j. Floating rollovers must be taught in the following order: 1. Without an obstacle. 2. With a stripe on the ground. 3. Some object on the ground in a short height. 4. Medicine Ball 5. The float is done in a short distance. 6. The float is done only after the rollover technique is mastered. k. When throwing a students, one must look in the direction of the throw. l. It is forbidden to touch a person lying on his back which his legs above(danger of cervical spine break). m. One must immediately release from chokes and body holds and any sort of pain when the training partner taps. n. Standing Position: Explain the student how he must execute his Standing Position(Outlet Stance)which will suit anyone that is executing self defense and will be executed in the most comfortable way.
BREAKFALLS a. Regular backward breakfall. b. Breakfall to the right side and to the left side. c. Regular breakfall to the front.
ROLLOVERS 1. Regular Forward Rollover: On the right side. 2. Backwards roll over on the left shoulder. FOOTWORK HAND STRIKES Punches Explain to the students how to close a fist. 1. Straight Punch Forward with the Right hand. 2. Straight Punch Forward with the Left hand. 3. Straight Punches Forward with the left and right. 4. Left Punch with advance. 5. Left Punch with retreat. 6. Left Right Punches with advance. 7. Left Low (Straight Body Punch)Attack Punch. 8. Left Low (Straight Body Punch)Defensive Punch. 9. Typographical error where line 8 is repeated. 10. Right Low(Straight Body Punch)Defensive Punch. (The strikes from 7-10 are drilled with training partners.) 11. Short straight Punches.
Hooks 1. Right Low Hook Punch. 2. Typographical error repeat of above line. 3. Left Lower Hook Punch. 4. Right Lower Hook Punch 5. Right Lower and Upper Hook Punches (Switching Combination). 6. Left Lower and Upper Hook Punches(Switching Combination).
Elbow Strikes: 1. Right Forward Elbow Strike. 2. Left Forward Elbow Strike. 3. Right Elbow to the Right Side. 4. Right Hand Upward Elbow(Uppercut). 5. Right Hand Downward Elbow(Hammer Strike). 6. Right Hand Backward Elbow. 7. Forward Elbow (Against a Group of Multiple Opponents)Right Hand Elbow forward, and Left Punch Forward same time Combination). (All of the Above Strikes Are also drilled with the left hand.)
Knife hand Strikes: Explain how we must strengthen the part of the hand that is taking the impact. 1. Horizontal Outward Diagonally to the right Knife hand Strike. 2. Horizontal Forward Knife Hand Strike. 3. Horizontal Inward and Diagonally to the Right Knife Hand Strike. 4. Horizontal Inward Forward Knife Hand Strike. 5. Horizontal Inward and Diagonally to the left Knife Hand Strike.
Uppercut Punch,Palm Strike,Hammer Fist Punch:
There are various strikes where one must pay attention of the palm. 1. Hook Punch with the middle joint (knuckle) of the middle finger-Clenching a fist and protruding the middle knuckle of the middle finger. 2. A hook with the Thumb Knuckle. 3. Forward Finger Jab - The Index Finger is protruding forward while the rest of the fingers are bent. 4. Forward Fingers Jab(All the fingers are attached with open palm).
KICKS 1. Forward Regular Attack Kick Downward(Forward to the center body). 2. Forward Regular Kick combined with a Hammer Fist Punch Combination.
STRIKES[Typographical error meant Blocks or Defenses]. 1. Self Practice of 360 Defense. 2. Practice 360 With Training Partners.
ESCAPE FROM HAND GRABS: 1. Escape from Hand Grab (Left hand Grabs Right Hand. 2. Escape for both hands grab (There are two methods).
ESCAPE FROM FRONT CHOKE:
Explain to the student in a top down order the various possibilities of escaping a choke. The top-down order is given to ease the learning process and during a fight there is no need in any order.
ORANGE BELT [Missing Pages 6 &7] Outside Defenses: Outside Defense No. 1: Outside Defense No. 2: Same Defense as No. 1 but here the left hand is not making half a turn. Outside Defense No. 3: Left Hand from the height of the belt is waved upward and outward horizontally , where the palm is clenched into a fist and is faced into the body. At the same time the right hand is executing a straight punch.[This is the basic defense vs. club into the live side/center body]. Outside Defense No. 4: The same Defense Like in No. 3, only the direction of the palm closed to a fist, is pointed downward. Outside Defense No. 5: Left hand from the height of the belt is executing an outward defensive knife hand strike plus straight punch with the right hand.
Outside Defense No. 6: Left hand is lifted above the head perpendicularly and at the same time the right hand is executing a straight punch forward.
Kicks 1. Regular Kick Upwards(probably to the chin) 2. Heel Kick to the chest and chin(Heart Stomp Kick) 3. Defensive kick with the foot, or heal or ball of the foot.[ This is an example of the use of anatomical nomenclature for classification which has not purpose but points out various possibilities of kicking without pointing out each kick's specific purpose. The idea of defensive kick was the you extend your foot like a heart stomp kick to stop the attacker who is lunging at you. The idea was to aim to the center body. However, it is not really feasible. The best option is to either execute a defensive kick to the opponent's kicking limb, or to his hip if he is punching or kicking where the foot is always at 45 degree angle to ensure it does not slip of the limb. A side kick to the opponent's side of the ankle is done if he is side kicking and you are defensively side kicking!]. 4. Knife Kick to the right side[Side Kick]. 5. Knife Kick to the Left Side[Side Kick]. 6. Knife Kick to the Front with the right foot and the left [Side Kick]. 7. Knife Kick with advance and retreat to all the directions with the left and the right. [Note about side kicks: Eli Avikzar had revised Immi Lichtenfeld's curriculum to eliminate completely the use of the knife side of the foot. His claim was that although you create a smaller space of impact which can penetrate in various areas, if you always kick with the heel, you ensure you minimize your injuries at the ankles. Therefore from that time, only side kicks with the heels were practiced. As for side kick to the front, it is only possible to do in efficient mode to the knees for blocking purposes only . Also a side kick can be executed forward immediately after the left punch with the left foot if the opponent retreats, because the body is turned sidewise to the facing to the right, and therefore you can cross behind which the right foot and kick forward side kick with the left foot]. 8. Round House Kick to the back.[Horizontal Axe Kick; It does not mention full turn]. 9. Regular Kick Backward with advance. [Perpendicular Upward Axe Kick backwards] 10. Defensive Kick Backward with advance.(Horse Kick)
ESCAPES FROM HOLDS: 1. Escape from Body Hold from the Front(The arms of the defender are free). [Front Bear Hug Escape]. a. Hair Pulling, there are two methods b. Shoving the thumbs to the eyes and pushing the opponent backwards. c. Catching the nose with both hands (on the nose's bridge) and pushing the opponent backwards. d. Palm Strike to the nose. e. Bite (on the neck or any other place in the body). f. A hook punch with the middle finger middle knuckle to the temple. g. A knife hand strike to the kidneys with one hand or both. [ I have extracted out the two hand option out of the Pure Krav Maga Curriculum, to ensure that any technique one learns is successful against a resisting opponent, not a standing student. Usually when someone grabs your body he would take you out of balance, and so you need your other hand to keep balance while you are striking.]. h. A Knee Kick to the Groin. [ It was added in the IDF to grab the shoulder blades and pull the attacker down. I've explained the purpose of taking him out of balance. If you do not take your opponent out of balance in close range kicking, if he moves his body backward, you cannot knee him as you end up taken off balance yourself. (During a fight there is no importance to the order of the activity listed above. This needs to be stressed to the students). 2. Escape from a front body hold(the defender's hands are caught): a. Bite b. Spiral one leg behind the attacker's leg and pull of the hand quickly. c. Lifting a knee. [When your arms are caught with a front body hold, to updated technique by Eli Avikzar was to slap the groin, grab the shoulder blade and knee the groin]. 4. Escape from Boyd Hold from the back (The defender's arms are free): a. Bending the body forward and grabbing the attacker's wrists (while the body's weight is forward). Heel Kick Backwards to the Shin Bone. Escape with leverage on one of the wrists with grabbing the fingers and breaking them. 5. Escape From the Back (The defender's hands are free): a. Head-butt to the back to the attacker's head. b. A strike or a push to the attacker's testicles (with the hands) plus elbow strike backwards and upwards. c. Kick with the heel backwards, to the shin bone. 6. Escape from a body hold from the back with lifting(Defender's arms are free). a. Catching the attacker's foot with your own foot [spiral your leg around the attacker's leg with your knee locked]. b. Push or strike to the testicles with your hands. Release your hand and elbow the head. [ That is not possible if someone lift you when catching your body with your arms attached. If you execute step a. and the attacker lifted you up, you will kick him in the groin with your free leg with your heel and then land when he drops you, while the leg that is twisted around his leg is preventing him from tilting you and throwing you ]. [It does not mention Body Hold from the Front (Defender's Arms are Free and the Attacker is lifting you off the ground. The defense would be leverage on the head same as the hair pulling description which is basically describing creating leverage on the neck.]
Boxing footwork; Shadow Boxing
POLICEMAN CARRYING[Body Restraining and Leads/Carrying] 1. Leading from the side with leverage. 2. With the forearm and sleeve leading from the back. 3. With the forearm and the sleeve leading from the front. 4. Leading from the side while bending the wrist.
ROLLOVERS: 1. Floating Forward Rollover. 2. Left Forward Rollover. 3. Backward Rollover on the Right Shoulder. 4. Backward Rollover on the Left Shoulder. 5. Judo Rollover (Left and Right).
WRIST LEVERAGE (Cavalier). 1. Creating leverage on the wrist with the help of the thumbs. Pulling into the body and taking down. 2. With catching the fist in the palm. 3. With the help of the forearm. All three grabs we execute once close to the attacker's body and once close to our own bodies.
ESCAPE FROM NECK HOLD (choke with the forearm.) 1. Escape from a neck hold from the side. 2. Escape from a neck hold from the back. 3. Escape from a Sentry Removal from the Back (grabbing the forearm and forward and downward strong bend.)
ESCAPE FROM A SHIRT GRAB. 1. Escape from a one handed shirt grab. a. Turning of the hand inwards. b. Turning of the hand outwards. 2. Escape from a one handed shirt grab using leverage. a. Turning of the hand inward with leverage. b. Turning of the hand outward with leverage. c. Pressing on the thumb with the palm. 3. Escape from One handed or Two handed Shirt Grab. a. With the turn of the wrist of one of the hands and creating leverage on the wrist b. The same drill with the..
All fighting sports have techniques. Techniques are solutions countering limited scenarios simplifying a tactical problem.
All fighting sports have training drills. Training drills are designed to warm up and condition the body and mind, and to use the techniques learned in realistic applications.
The problem with the emphasis on impressive demonstration of techniques in some fighting sports as opposed to sparring for knockout in others where the final demonstration is at the outcome results of a sparring fight is of complex dimension.
Then there is the problem of tradition where techniques are selected according to the concentration of a specific sport and modified with training drills to fit the rules of the game and in years later are attempted to be extracted and used for hand to hand combat training.
Prioritizing the training time with the right balance on the aforementioned ingredients, with the addition of the selling component to maximize instructor's profits are the key elements of commercial learning. Part of the selling mix occur naturally and part with subconscious and conscious level knowing that there is a better way to sort out the knowledge acquired by generations of humans trials and errors into a better training system to bring individuals to excellence.
In sports the champions or most famous practitioners or athletes demonstrate excellence. However, great part of this excellence is political victory of the rules of the various games. In hand to hand combat these politics should be extracted out to promote excellence of individuals' ability to defend themselves when needed equally. In self defense you are buying a promise for such ability as individual. You are not there to try and obtain it and pay tuition hoping to become a champion, and understand that if you did not become a champion then your role is to cheer for the champion.
Champions are those that subconsciously and sometimes consciously sorted out and mastered the accumulated experience of human trial and error related to combat sports.
While it seems that hand to hand combat should be easier to learn then compete in a specific combat sport one needs to focus on the best balance of the complex ingredients of the formula. The experience is documented within the combat sports. Self defense and hand to hand combat details are usually lost.
Demonstration of self defense techniques can be impressive but usually done with non resisting opponent. Even if the opponent appears to be resisting, he usually resists less than what he should have been to make the leading defender champion the show. On the other hand demonstration of combat sport is done in the form of real sparring subject to sports rules and referee.
Both demonstrations give you an idea of what a champion moves should look like and at the same time what a loser's moves should look like. Either way, when you plan on learning hand to hand combat and self defense, you should ask yourself who trained the champion, and who trained the loser. This might expose you to an invisible world of politics discussed above.
I could simply tell you to read the book Krav Maga Use Your Body as a Weapon, and watch the Training DVD set Pure Krav Maga - Self Defense Mastery, but so can anyone else!
You need a complete system which synchronizes with your body and mind to control any possible opponent before harm can be done to you. What is that system? It's a systematic approach, training, and testing and gaining the confidence that it works.
So what are the worse realistic dangers you can counter in self defense? Simply put someone reaching your pressure points in a split second, controlling your nerves and killing you. If you can master control of all the methods possible and ways to prevent them, then you have mastered self defense.
Realistic is not compromising. What is the worse capabilities of human kind which are knowledgeable and well trained and strive on killing, raping, bullying others?
Simply put, using the element of surprise (taking advantage of the short time that is not enough for a victim to realize he or she is being victimized)reaching the victim's pressure points, controlling him or her and being able to kill him or her. Any other humiliating result is from the psychological effect of feeling controlled by someone else.
If categorized and grouped together consolidated generic methods of attack and defense(reaching opponents pressure points and preventing from them in reaching your pressure points), prioritizations of methods of faster reach and greater impact leading to greater injury, the whole process of training in devastating damage to opponent's pressure points and quick reach to attacking them or stopping opponents from attacking your own pressure points, amounts to twenty one hours of about 200 techniques and 10 training drills taking about 30 hours to learn and drill including an hour warm up for each day out of five days of training 6 hours a day to accomplish this mission. Of course you can tailor your own schedule once your mind is in control and focus on this life saving and confidence gaining mission. Watch the complete Israel Defense Forces Original Krav Maga 21 Hour Curriculum: