Loading...

Follow Julia's Album - Cooking from home on Feedspot

Continue with Google
Continue with Facebook
or

Valid

Angkor Wat is a spectacular ancient temple complex in Cambodia. Surrounded by a moat and occupying a site of over 400 acres, it’s one of the most impressive temples in the world.
Discover 12 quick facts about Angkor Wat, its history, location, and more!

Angkor Wat at sunrise

12 Quick Facts about Angkor Wat
  1. Angkor Wat is one of the largest religious monuments in the world, occupying about 160 hectares (over 400 acres).
  2. Angkor Wat was built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II (reigning from 1113 AD to 1150 AD) at the beginning of the 12th century. Initially, Angkor Wat was built as a Hindu temple and was dedicated to the god Vishnu.
  3. At the end of the 12th century, Angkor Wat was turned into a Buddhist temple.
  4. The temple was built to represent the Mount Meru, a legendary five-peaked mountain in Hindu mythology.
  5. Angkor Wat was built in the ancient city of Angkor that was the capital of the Khmer Empire from the 9th to 15th centuries.
  6. The main materials used to construct Angkor Wat were sandstone and laterite (a clayey soil and rock material rich in iron and aluminum). Sandstone was used as the main material for visible parts of the temple. Laterite was mainly used for the hidden structures.
  7. Angkor Wat is surrounded by a 200 meters (650 feet) wide moat, a deep and broad ditch filled with water.  The perimeter of the moat is about 5 km (3 miles).  The moat is 4 meters (13 feet) deep.
  8. Angkor Wat is located about 5.5 km north of Siem Reap, Cambodia.
  9. Angkor Wat is located 3 km south of the Bayon, the state temple of the King Jayavarman VII and the center of Angkor Thom,  an ancient walled city and the last capital of the Khmer empire.
  10. It’s a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  11. Angkor Wat is famous for its tall towers shaped like lotus buds, cruciform terrace in front of the central structure, and steep staircases.
  12. The temple is situated on a raised terrace, higher than the city.

Angkor Wat, Cambodia

Where is Angkor Wat located?

Angkor Wat is located about 5.5 km north of Siem Reap, Cambodia.

Angkor Wat at sunrise

Angkor Wat is surrounded by a moat
  • Angkor Wat is surrounded by a 200 meters (650 feet) wide moat, a deep and broad ditch filled with water.
  • The perimeter of the moat is about 5 km (3 miles).
  • The moat is 4 meters (13 feet) deep.

The moat around Angkor Wat

The moat around Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat Through Photos

Angkor Wat is one of the most iconic religious monuments in the world. It has become a symbol of Cambodia.  It is one of the most popular tourist sights in Cambodia.

Below are the photos of Angkor Wat: the towers, steep staircases, elaborate carvings, passageways, and more!

The post 12 Quick Facts About Angkor Wat appeared first on Julia's Album.

  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

Angkor Thom is an ancient walled city and the last capital of the Khmer empire. Established in the 12th century, Angkor Thom is famous for its many impressive monuments, including the Bayon, the Baphuon, the Terrace of the Elephants, and the spectacular Angkor Thom South Gate.

Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Quick Facts About Angkor Thom
  • Angkor Thom was an ancient walled city established in the 12th century as the last capital of the Khmer Empire (the predecessor state to modern Cambodia).  The Khmer Empire (the Angkor Empire) existed from the 9th to the 15th centuries and was a Hindu-Buddhist Empire in Southeast Asia.
  • Angkor Thom was established by King Jayavarman VII (a king of the Khmer Empire from 1181 to 1218).
  • The walled city is surrounded by a moat and laid out as a square.  Angkor Thom covers the area of about 9 square kilometers.
  • Notable monuments within Angkor Thom include The Bayon, The Baphuon, Terrace of the Elephants, Terrace of the Leper King, Phimeanakas (remains of a 10th century Hindu temple), Preah Pithu, Preah Palilay, and others.
  • The state temple of the King Jayavarman VII, The Bayon, is located in the center of Angkor Thom.
  • The structures within Angkor Thom were built using sandstone and laterite. Angkor Thom is known for its grand scale of construction.

Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Where is it located?

Angkor Thom is located 4 km (2.5 miles) north of Angkor Wat.

How big is Angkor Thom?

Angkor Thom is laid out as a square with each side of the square stretching 3 km long.  In total, Angkor Thom covers the area of about 9 square kilometers.

Who built it?

Angkor Thom was established by King Jayavarman VII (a king of the Khmer Empire from 1181 to 1218).

South gate of Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Five Gates to Angkor Thom
  • There are a total of 5 gates to Angkor Thoms: North Gate, East Gate, South Gate, West Gate, and Victory Gate.
  • Angkor Thom has gates at each of the 4 cardinal points (North, East, South, West). From those points, the roads connect the gates to the Bayon, the state temple, at the center of the city.
  • A causeway extends across a moat in front of each entrance.   The best-preserved and the most impressive gate is the South Gate.   The causeway over the moat to the South Gate is lined with stone figures of mythical beings.   There are 23-meter high entry towers located at the city gates.
  • There is another gate to Angkor Thom, the Victory Gate. It is located 500 meters north of the east gate.

South gate of Angkor Thom, Cambodia

South Gate

The best-preserved gate of Angkor Thom is the South Gate.  The causeway over the moat to the South Gate is lined with stone figures of mythical beings.

There is a grand entry tower at the South Gate through which you enter the Angkor Thom.  The sandstone tower is about 23 meters high and is topped with faces in four directions.

South gate of Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Entry Tower at the South gate of Angkor Thom, Cambodia

South gate of Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Bayon

The Bayon is an ancient temple in the center of Angkor Thom, Cambodia.  Bayon was built as the state temple of the King Jayavarman VII, a king of the Khmer Empire from 1181 to 1218. He was strongly devoted to Buddhism and built the Bayon as a result of his devotion.

Bayon was the last temple built at Angkor.  The temple is famous for its smiling faces.

Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Baphuon

The Baphuon is an 11th-century temple at Angkor, Cambodia. It was initially dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva and served as the state temple of Udayadityavarman II, the ruler of the Angkor Kingdom from 1050 to 1066 A.D.

In the 15th century, the Baphuon was transformed into a Buddhist temple.

The Baphuon was constructed as a three-tiered temple mountain.

Baphuon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

The Terrace of the Elephants

The Terrace of the Elephants is an ancient royal viewing platform of Angkor Thom.  The Terrace faces the public grounds that were used for public ceremonies, military parades, processions, and other events.

The Angkor’s king Jayavarman VII (who was the king of the Khmer Empire from 1181 to 1218) and his family used the Elephant Terrace to watch military parades, public ceremonies, and other events. The king also used the terrace as the audience hall to interact with the public.

What remains now of the original structure is mainly the foundation and the ruins. The walls of the terrace contain the carvings of elephants, other animals, and mythological creatures.  The terrace is over 300 meters long.

Elephant Terrace, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

The post Angkor Thom, Cambodia – an Ancient Walled City appeared first on Julia's Album.

  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

Banteay Srei is one of the most elaborate temples at Angkor, Cambodia. Dedicated to Hindu god Shiva, this 10th-century Cambodian temple is famous for its beautiful pinkish sandstone and intricate three-dimensional wall carvings.

Banteay Srei – Citadel of the Women, The Lady Temple, Cambodia

What is Banteay Srei?
  • Banteay Srei is an ancient temple built in 967 and dedicated to Hindu god Shiva.
  • The temple is located about 29 km (18 miles) northeast of Angkor Wat and 26 km (16 miles) northeast of Angkor Thom.
  • The buildings and structures in Banteay Srei are quite miniature in size and style, especially when compared to the other temples in the Angkor area.  Banteay Srei is one of the smallest sites at Angkor.
  • Banteay Srei is also called The Jewel of Khmer Art, The Pink Temple, and The Lady Temple.
  • Banteay Srei means “Citadel of the Women“. It is believed that the intricate carvings of Banteay Srei could’ve been done only by a woman.
  • The temple was built using the red sandstone that gives the temple its characteristic pinkish hue.  That’s why Banteay Srei is sometimes called “The Pink Temple”.
  • The red sandstone is a construction material that can be carved like wood.  Banteay Srei is famous for its intricate decorative wall carvings.

Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Banteay Srei, Cambodia

When was it built?

Banteay Srei was completed in 967.  The construction of the temple is credited to Yajnavaraha, a royal physician and a counselor at the court of king Rajendravarman (the king of the Khmer Empire from 944 to 968) in Angkor, Cambodia.

Banteay Srei – Citadel of the Women – The Lady Temple, Cambodia

Who built it?

The construction of Banteay Srei was commissioned by Yajnavaraha, a royal physician and a counselor at the court of king Rajendravarman in Angkor, Cambodia. Usually, the construction of temples at Angkor was commissioned by kings or royalty, but this particular temple is credited to Yajnavaraha, a royal physician at the court of king Rajendravarman.

Banteay Srei – Citadel of the Women – The Lady Temple, Cambodia

When was it restored?

Banteay Srei was restored in the 1930s by EFEO (The École française d’Extrême-Orient) using the anastylosis method (a reconstruction technique that utilizes the original architectural elements and the original materials as much as feasible to restore a ruined structure).

Banteay Srei – Citadel of the Women – The Lady Temple, Cambodia

Where is it located?
  • The temple is located in the area of Angkor, Cambodia. Angkor was the capital city of the Khmer Empire (the Angkor Empire), a Hindu-Buddhist Empire in Southeast Asia.  The Khmer Empire existed from the 9th to the 15th centuries.
  • Banteay Srei is located 35 km (22 miles) from Siem Reap, Cambodia.
  • The temple is relatively close to the other famous temples in the area.  Banteay Srei is 29 km (18 miles) north of Angkor Wat and 26 km (16 miles) northeast of Angkor Thom.

Banteay Srei – Citadel of the Women – The Lady Temple, Cambodia

Intricate Carvings at Banteay Srei

Intricate Carvings at Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Intricate Carvings at Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Intricate Carvings at Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Intricate Carvings at Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Banteay Srei Through Photos

Doorways at Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Doorways at Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Banteay Srei, Cambodia

Banteay Srei, Cambodia

The post Banteay Srei, Cambodia – The Lady Temple appeared first on Julia's Album.

  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

Ta Prohm, also known as the Jungle Temple, is an area of temple ruins overgrown with trees, located near Siem Reap, Cambodia.  The temple is pretty much in the same condition as it was initially found: with the roots of the trees growing through the temple structures and the jungle all around!  This spectacular temple is a MUST-SEE in Cambodia.  Ta Prohm was used as one of the filming locations in the Tomb Raider movie.

Tree roots over the temple structure at Ta Prohm, Cambodia

What is Ta Prohm?
  • Ta Prohm is a 12th-century temple at Angkor, Cambodia.
  • Ta Prohm was built by the Khmer King Jayavarman VII (a king of the Khmer Empire from 1181 to 1218). It was dedicated as a Mahayana Buddhist monastery.
  • It’s part of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • Along with Angkor Wat, Ta Prohm is one of the most popular tourist sights in Cambodia.

Ta Prohm, Cambodia

When was it built?

The construction of the Ta Prohm temple was completed in 1186 A.D.

Where is it located?

Ta Prohm is located at Angkor, near the present-day Siem Reap, Cambodia.
Ta Prohm is located east of Angkor Thom and east of Angkor Wat.  East Mebon is located east of Ta Prohm.

Ta Prohm, Cambodia

What makes this temple different from others?

The temple is pretty much in the same condition as it was initially found: with the roots of trees growing through temple structures and the jungle all around! This spectacular temple is a MUST-SEE in Cambodia. It was also a filming location in the Tomb Raider movie.

Ta Prohm – the Jungle Temple, Cambodia

Ta Prohm through photos

The jungle temple is one of the most visited temples in Cambodia. It’s truly an impressive sight to see this ancient structure overgrown with jungle and giant tree roots!

Tree roots growing over the temple structures at Ta Prohm, Cambodia

The tree growing over the temple structure at Ta Prohm, Cambodia

Temple ruins at Ta Prohm, jungle temple, Cambodia

Ta Prohm – Jungle Temple, Cambodia

Tree roots growing over the temple structures at Ta Prohm, Cambodia

Tree roots growing over the temple structures at Ta Prohm, Cambodia

Giant tree roots at Ta Prohm – jungle temple

Ta Prohm, Cambodia

Ta Prohm, Cambodia

Ta Prohm, Cambodia

Ta Prohm, Cambodia

Ta Prohm, Cambodia

The post Ta Prohm, Cambodia – The Famous Jungle Temple appeared first on Julia's Album.

  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

Neak Pean is an artificial island in the Jayatataka Baray near Preah Khan Temple in Angkor, Cambodia. The island has a Buddhist temple surrounded by four connected pools.

Jayatataka Baray Surrounding Neak Pean Temple

When was it built?

Neak Pean was built by King Jayavarman VII (a king of the Khmer Empire from (reigned 1181 to 1218). The construction was completed in the 12th century.

It was initially designed as a hospital.

There are four connected pools around the island representing Earth, Water, Fire, and Wind. Originally, there were also statues of the Four Great Animals: Horse, Elephant, Bull, and Lion. The only surviving sculpture is the sculpture of the Horse Balaha (the Flying Horse).

Where is it?

Neak Pean is an artificial island in the Jayatataka Baray – a manmade reservoir situated near Preah Khan Temple in Angkor, Cambodia.  The island has a Buddhist temple surrounded by four connected pools.

Jayatataka Baray Surrounding Neak Pean Temple next to the Preah Khan Temple

Jayatataka Baray Surrounding Neak Pean Temple next to the Preah Khan Temple

Near Jayatataka Baray, Cambodia

Jayatataka Baray Surrounding Neak Pean Temple next to the Preah Khan Temple

Jayatataka Baray Surrounding Neak Pean Temple next to the Preah Khan Temple

The post Neak Pean – an Artificial Island in the Jayatataka Baray appeared first on Julia's Album.

  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

Preah Khan is a 12th-century temple at Angkor, Cambodia. Preah Khan is famous for its many trees that grow through the temple ruins and the lush vegetation surrounding the temple.

The roots of a tree at the Preah Khan temple complex near Angkor Wat, Cambodia

What is Preah Khan?

Preah Khan is a 12th-century temple at Angkor, Cambodia. It was built during the reign of King Jayavarman VII (a king of the Khmer Empire from 1181 to 1218). He built this temple in honor of his father.

Preah Khan temple

Where is it located?

Preah Khan is located northeast of Angkor Thom and northwest of the Eastern Mebon, Cambodia.  Preah Khan is located about 7 or 8 km away from Angkor Wat.

Preah Khan temple

Road to Preah Khan

The Preah Khan is located in tranquil surroundings among lush vegetation.  The road that leads to the temple is peaceful and serene.

Road to Preah Khan, Cambodia

Road to Preah Khan

Entrance to Preah Khan

The main entrance to Preah Khan faces the East. A causeway extends across a moat in front of the entrance.   The causeway is lined with stone figures.

Entrance to Preah Khan, Cambodia

Entrance to Preah Khan, Cambodia

Entrance to Preah Khan, Cambodia

Temple complex

Preah Khan has been largely unrestored and is still covered with jungle and lush vegetation.  There are huge trees and tree roots that grow through the temple ruins.

House of Fire

House of Fire (also called Vahnigriha) is a stone building located within Preah Khan area.

House of Fire near Preah Khan, Cambodia

House of Fire near Preah Khan, Cambodia

The post Preah Khan – A Temple Set Among Lush Vegetation appeared first on Julia's Album.

  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

Bayon is an ancient temple in the center of Angkor Thom, Cambodia.   It was the last temple built at Angkor.  The temple is famous for its smiling faces.

Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

What is Bayon?
  • Bayon was built as the state temple of the King Jayavarman VII, a king of the Khmer Empire from 1181 to 1218. He was strongly devoted to Buddhism and built the Bayon as a result of his devotion.
  • The Bayon was the last temple built at Angkor.
  • Numerous smiling faces are depicted on the towers of the Bayon, making this temple distinctively different from the others in the area.

Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

When was it built?

The Bayon was built at the end of the 12th century – beginning of the 13th century.

Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Where is it located?

Bayon is an ancient temple of the Angkor Thom, an ancient city of the Khmer Empire. Angkor Thom was established in the twelfth century by King Jayavarman VII.

The Bayon is located close to the other structures of Angkor Thom, including the Terrace of the Elephants, the Terrace of the Leper King, and the Baphuon. It’s quite easy to reach the Bayon as it is located right in the center of Angkor Thom, with the Terrace of the Elephants and the Terrace of the Leper King to the north and the Baphuon to the northwest of the Bayon.

Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Bayon through the photos

Bayon is known for the smiling faces depicted on the towers. As you walk through the temple, enjoy the beautifully preserved structures and the serenity of the faces.

Smiling faces at Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Smiling faces at Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Smiling faces at Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Bayon Temple, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

The post Bayon, Cambodia appeared first on Julia's Album.

  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

Baphuon is part of Angkor Thom, an ancient city of the Khmer Empire. This impressive temple is structured as a three-tiered temple mountain and is famous for its elaborate stone carvings.

Baphuon, Cambodia

What is Baphuon?
  • The Baphuon is an 11th-century temple at Angkor, Cambodia. It was initially dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva and served as the state temple of Udayadityavarman II, the ruler of the Angkor Kingdom from 1050 to 1066 A.D.  Udayadityavarman II also built the West Mebon.
  • In the 15th century, the Baphuon was transformed into a Buddhist temple.
  • The temple is located in the Angkor Thom, an ancient city of the Khmer Empire. Angkor Thom was established in the twelfth century by King Jayavarman VII.
  • The Baphuon was constructed as a three-tiered temple mountain.
  • The temple is located close to the other structures of Angkor Thom, including the Terrace of the Leper King and the Terrace of the Elephants. The Baphuon is located northwest of the Bayon.

Baphuon, Cambodia

Baphuon Through Photos

The Baphuon is an imposing three-tiered structure famous for its elaborate and impressive stone carvings.

The post Baphuon, Cambodia appeared first on Julia's Album.

  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

The East Mebon is a temple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva in Angkor, Cambodia. The temple was built in the 10th century during the reign of King Rajendravarman who was the king of the Khmer Empire from 944 to 968.

East Mebon Guardian Elephant, Cambodia

Why visit East Mebon

The East Mebon is a smaller temple compared to Angkor Wat, however, it is quite unique and impressive.  The temple is famous for its monolithic free-standing statues of elephants and numerous carvings that have been beautifully preserved.

The East Mebon is not as crowded as Angkor Wat which creates a peaceful and relaxed experience. It’s quite enjoyable to leisurely walk around the ancient structures and marvel at the beautiful temple and statues.

Statue of Lion in East Mebon, Cambodia

East Mebon, Cambodia

About East Mebon

The East Mebon is a temple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva in Angkor, Cambodia. The construction of the temple was completed in the 10th century A.D. The temple was built close to the state temple of King Rajendravarman, Pre Rup, and in a similar architectural style.

When was it built?

The temple was built in the 10th century during the reign of King Rajendravarman who was the king of the Khmer Empire from 944 to 968.  The East Mebon was dedicated in 953 AD.

East Mebon is located on an artificial island

The East Mebon is located on an elevated ground that was an artificial island in the middle of the now dry East Baray.  East Baray was Angkor’s second-largest artificial reservoir of water (after the West Baray).   In the past, the temple was to be reached by boat.

East Mebon, Cambodia

East Mebon, Cambodia

What building materials were used?

Multiple materials were used to build East Mebon include stucco, brick, sandstone, and laterite (a clayey soil and rock material rich in iron and aluminum).  The East Mebon was built in the same style as Pre Rup, a Hindu temple located south of the East Baray.

East Mebon, Cambodia

East Mebon, Cambodia

Statues of elephants and lions

The temple is known for its impressive statues of elephants and lions. The monolithic statues of elephants are about two meters high and located at the corners of the temple complex on two levels. The entrance is decorated with the statues of lions.

East Mebon Guardian Elephant, Cambodia

Free-standing statue of an elephant in East Mebon, Cambodia

Statue of a lion in East Mebon, Cambodia

Statue of a lion in East Mebon, Cambodia

Statues of lions at the entrance, East Mebon, Cambodia

The post East Mebon, Cambodia appeared first on Julia's Album.

  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

The Terrace of the Elephants is an ancient royal viewing platform of Angkor Thom, a temple complex in Cambodia. The terrace is famous for its carvings of elephants and their mahouts.

Elephant Terrace, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

About Terrace of the Elephants

The terrace is over 300 meters long. The Bayon temple and the Baphuon (an 11th-century pyramid temple) are to the south of the Elephant Terrace. The Terrace of the Leper King is to the north of the Elephant Terrace.

What remains now of the original structure is mainly the foundation and the ruins. The walls of the terrace contain the carvings of elephants, other animals, and mythological creatures.

Elephant Terrace, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Where is it located?

The Elephant Terrace is part of the ancient Angkor Thom, an ancient city of the Khmer Empire. Angkor Thom was established in the twelfth century by King Jayavarman VII.

The terrace is located close to the other structures of Angkor Thom, including the Terrace of the Leper King, Bayon, and Baphuon.  It’s easy to reach the terrace as it is located in the central part of Angkor Thom, with the Bayon and the Baphuon to the south and the Terrace of the Leper King to the north.

The terrace depicts numerous carvings, including the elephants and their mahouts, animals, and mythological characters.

Elephant Terrace, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

When was the Terrace of Elephants built?

The construction of the terrace was started at the end of the 12th century by the Angkor’s king Jayavarman VII.

The ancient royal viewing platform

The Terrace of Elephants faces the public grounds that were used for public ceremonies, military parades, processions, and other events.

The Angkor’s king Jayavarman VII (who was the king of the Khmer Empire from 1181 to 1218) and his family used the Elephant Terrace to watch military parades, public ceremonies, and other events. The king also used the terrace as the audience hall to interact with the public.

Elephant Terrace, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

The post Elephant Terrace in Angkor Thom, Cambodia appeared first on Julia's Album.

Read for later

Articles marked as Favorite are saved for later viewing.
close
  • Show original
  • .
  • Share
  • .
  • Favorite
  • .
  • Email
  • .
  • Add Tags 

Separate tags by commas
To access this feature, please upgrade your account.
Start your free month
Free Preview