The IELTS Speaking Test pattern is same for both the IELTS Academic and the IELTS General Training tests. The test takes 11 to 14 minutes to complete, and it is conducted like a face-to-face interview. In the IELTS Speaking Test, you have to talk to an ‘IELTS Certified Examiner’. The test is carried out in three parts:
IELTS Speaking Test Part 1:
ielts speaking test time management
In this part, you would have to answer questions asked by the examiner on your daily life. The test is carried out for 4 minutes in maximum. Within the short period of time, the examiner asks 3 sets of questions based on day-to-day topics. As a whole, 12 questions in total would be asked in part 1 of the ‘Speaking Test’. You would have to answer in fluent English in brief and well-composed sentences, maintaining good grammatical skill and using a wide range of suitable vocabulary. You would have to be careful about the time because the examiner would note the time consumed by you for each answer. Answer of no questions is desired to be longer than a few sentences but not as short as 2 or 3 words in length.
Example:- Do you have a strong family bonding?
Ans.: Yes, Madam. Yes, Madam, we have a very good family bonding. So much so that we dine together, even on the working days. ***This is neither a short answer nor a big one as well; it is a perfect sample of the exact answer. Don’t give a negative answer like No madam, we don’t have a family bonding, we don’t care for each other at all….(Even if that is the hard truth).
This part of the test is undoubtedly the easiest of all parts of the tests. You just don’t need to show off or talk too much; thus managing time is not very tough in this case at least.
IELTS Speaking Test Part 2:
In this part, you will get one minute to prepare your answer, and then you would be allowed to talk about 2 minutes on the topic given on the cue card. Usually, the topics are Places/ People/Events or your Personal Experience. Your key skill of speaking spontaneously in a fluent and well composed English for at least two minutes. If you don’t be able to speak fluently you would be penalized.
Here time management is a crucial factor. During the preparing phase, you have to learn ‘How to use the one-minute thinking/ preparation time’ and then answering in ‘Not less than 2 minutes’. The examiner will notice the coherence in your answer. You would be penalized if you fail to deliver a coherent/well-composed answer and the examiner fails to get your idea clearly. So, for answering in a coherent and compact way in a restricted time period, your time management would lead you to success.
Therefore, you have to master the art of answering in 2 minutes. It’s not that during the test you look at your wrist watch and seeing that ‘2 minute’ is over, you stop answering. You have to complete your full answer in 2 minutes; a few seconds more or less would not matter, but you are not allowed to keep talking till the examiner asks you to stop, resulting in an incomplete answer and getting penalized.
IELTS Speaking Test Part 3:
In this part, the examiner would ask you 4 to 5 in depth questions on the topic of part 2. The examiner’s aim would be checking your ability to present an opinion or express your view. Your efficiency to speculate or compare/contrast situations would be put to the test including your fluency, vocabulary, and depth of knowledge in English. You would be allowed to talk for approximately 4 minutes.
The part 3 of the speaking test is a bit tough compared to the other two parts. If you are not prepared properly about what type of questions you might get and how to answer all of them fluently and comprehensively by managing time, you will land up in trouble. This part is specially designed to gauze a candidate’s grip over the language and skill of answering questions without getting out-witted.
As fluency and an instant answer is expected from you, you have to master on ‘Speaking Strategy’ while preparing yourself. Mastering the speaking strategy also needs to master managing time. If you get stuck at any point, you have to ‘buy time’ to avoid fumbling. For buying time like an expert speaker, you have to use the gap fillers like:- well…, actually…., what happens is or you can call it… This gap fillers are of extreme importance. These would save your face if you know how to apply and when to apply them properly; otherwise, the person you are talking to (here the examiner) would think that you are weak in English, and that is why you are fumbling and searching for appropriate words.
For scoring high in the IELTS test, you have to have adequate and applicable ‘vocabulary’. These would be extremely useful when you are giving opinions like:- I think.., from my point of view…. or talking about likes/dislikes, providing examples, drawing comparisons or contrasts, etc. In all such cases consciously or sub-consciously you are managing time. Interestingly enough, if you don’t know the answer to a question asked by the examiner out of his mind, you wouldn’t get penalized for that. Example: What is the population of your city? Or, How many buses ply on your city?. You might or might not know the answer, no problem.
But, if you say Shakespeare is your favorite author and fail to name a play of Shakespeare, you will get penalized for sure.
The ‘Speaking Test’ is one of the most important parts and the most imperative part of the total testing system, as here a candidate has to face a ‘Certified Examiner’ on whose judgment depends the candidate’s score. So, being a fluent speaker is not enough to impress the examiner, the candidate should be ready witted and smart enough to answer unknown questions promptly and justify his answer if asked for. It’s not going to happen like giving one answer and rectify it the next moment, so it can be well understood that in the ‘Speaking Test’ the proficiency, smartness, Inherent ability all are put acid test, even the native speakers are to be well aware of the minute details of the test to avoid getting unnerved before the examiner and getting under the grip of tension incurring lowering the score.
Anyway, let’s talk about how is the test conducted. Firstly the candidate has to have adequate practice of going through mock tests which are at par with the original test conducted. The IELTS Speaking test has got 3 parts, in the first part the examiner introduces himself/herself and the candidate is asked to introduce or identify himself as well. An unprepared candidate would commit the first mistake here by introducing as…..I am Balbindar Sing. Incomplete answer. The complete answer would be like… I am Balbindar Sing from Punjab in India and I am a student of…. Such and such. One word answer or ‘shaking head’ to indicate yes or no would carry bad impression in the mind of the examiner and yes of course ‘First Impression’ matters. After introduction, the examiner asks a few general questions related to home, family, work or education area of interest, etc. This introductory part lasts for 4/5 minutes and the candidate gets time to adjust with the situation. While answering general questions like, ‘How is life in your city/village?’ or ‘What about the accommodation in your city/village?’ the candidate gets a scope to impress the examiner by his ‘posture’, ‘gesture’ and witty answers.
The 2nd part of the ‘Speaking test’ is most important and there are 40 important topics a candidate has to answer. The candidate may be asked, ‘Who is your favorite writer?’, now if the candidate thinks in his mind, ‘Well….the examiner is a British, so why not name a British author?’. It’s okay to name a British author, but the next question could land up the candidate in ocean of trouble, when the examiner would possibly and most probably ask, ‘Which is your favorite novel/poem written by him..?’. The candidate might not have read a piece of that famous author, so, what next? One should not answer with a view to impress the examiner, rather if he has not read any Novel/Poem of any author just mention that. Giving false or blown up answers are strictly no-no to avoid landing in trouble. Questions like ‘Name your favorite person’ and then ‘Tell me something about him’, ‘Has his/her works influenced your life, how?’ are asked, candidates should have prepared for that. If somebody says ‘Shakespeare’ is my favorite author naturally he/she might be asked some follow up questions about ‘Shakespeare’s drama’, as mentioned. A candidate might be also asked ‘Who is your favorite person and why?’, the candidate can mention the name of someone of his choice and anybody whom he knows about, because a detailed description might be asked for. Let me clarify, if the examiner asks, ‘Who is your favorite person and why?’ and the candidate answers ‘Sachin Tendulkar’, naturally he has got to answer the why part as well and what prominent aspect has influenced him to like ‘Sachin Tendulkar’, quite natural isn’t it? So the candidate has to be wise in answering. Now a lot of questions will be asked to the candidate and they are like, ‘Who is your favorite person in your family and why?’, ‘How was your first day in college, describe it’, ‘Your first visit to the museum, how was it?’ and so on. All the questions need descriptive type answers from the candidate, in order to measure his profoundness, his proficiency, his general awareness and of course his pronunciation. Let me clarify a little bit more, a candidate was asked,
. How is the city you live in?
• Describe the place and population.
• Is there anything special about it?
• Compare it to other cities in the world in regard of conveyance.
Now these can be a trouble for a candidate with low awareness or poor general knowledge. Though a candidate is not judged by failure in answering a single question, still a deserving candidate should be a knowledgeable person with very good depth in English conversation. Let’s focus on another type of questions asked usually
What do you understand by means of communications?
• What are different means of communication in day to day life?
• What is your favorite means of communication?
• What are the advantages and disadvantages of using it?
Just imagine it, without prior and extensive focused preparation can anybody answer these all questions? 40 types of such topics are there in the 2nd part of ‘Speaking Test’, a selected few are asked to discuss within the stipulated time of 4-5 minutes . So preparation should be sound to encounter such questions. A candidate always has to justify his statement, not just throwing any answer in ‘wild guess’ will do.
Now comes the 3rd part in the discussion. It takes 3 to 4 minutes and the examiner asks more in depth questions to test the general and cultural awareness as well as the capability of the candidate of describing or narrating events or celebrations in a proficient and well composed English. The questions asked usually are like: ‘Tell me about the education system/eating habits/celebration days of your country/city/village’, ‘Do you take part in any of the celebrations in your city?’, ‘If yes why do you?’, ‘If not why don’t you?’. At every step a candidate should answer wisely because he would have to justify his answers at the very next step.
These are all about the 3 parts of the ‘Speaking test’ the questions do vary but the pattern remains the same. So let us focus more on: How to prepare for the three parts of Speaking Test?
First the initial steps. Basic spoken English knowledge is a must for any candidate. Those who are not fluent in speaking English should start practicing with friends or a teacher. Native English speakers should practice speaking in formal way rather than a casual way. For non native speakers watching and listening English News and debate shows, personal interviews, counseling sessions, discussions on topics of interest on television on a regular basis is very good in terms of getting aware of acceptable English, smart vocabulary, phrasal verbs and right construction of sentences. Listening to live shows as mentioned helps a candidate to learn English which is not very different from IELTS speaking test, both in terms of question-patterns and subject-matter. So a candidate has to become a fluent speaker first by doing all that have discussed and by speaking a lot with friends or teachers as is possible. He should develop in the areas of pronunciation and understanding the foreign accent as well.
With the availability of the Internet other than remote village areas, life has changed a lot. So any candidate willing to appear for the IELTS exam, can go to a cyber cafe, if he doesn’t have access of the Internet at home, search on Google, ‘How to prepare for IELTS ‘Speaking Test‘ and chose a few websites where the minute details are given, download them and come back home and practice them as per the instruction sets given in the study materials. One, who has no computer or smart phone can practice in a cyber cafe or take a printout of the study materials to practice at home. Each and every intricate detail, timings, audios even some videos are there on the Internet which are more than sufficient for a willing candidate to have a good practice. It would be good if he/she manages to get a friend to practice ‘Speaking in English’, though practicing under the guidance of a good teacher is always a much better option.
Now, after a few months of practice when the candidate feels that he has acquired some knowledge and is eligible for appearing the exam, he should take admission in a ‘Professional Institute’ to sharpen his skill further and ensure achieving higher bands. It is the job of the experts to teach and train the candidates the tips and tricks of the test, the loopholes where candidates lose score and much more. The institutes take a series of ‘realistic’ mock tests. On the basis of the assessment of the institutes candidates become aware of ‘How well prepared they are’, getting good scores in the mock tests of course boost their confidence level and ensures their success. It may sound too difficult for a candidate to score higher band in the ‘Speaking Test’ but adhering to right tips and trick, proper guidance, time bound rigid practice, due diligence and strong desire to succeed does not go baffle.
All the formats of the IELTS Tests, both the Academic Test and the General Training Tests are known to be of the highest standards. The tests are accepted by 135 countries across the world, and around 2.5 million students and professionals appear for the test yearly. Obviously, while preparing for the tests, the candidates should follow some ‘basic DOs and DON’ts. Let’s first discuss the “dos” of the IELTS speaking test for both the ‘Academic and the General Training’ tests.
The IELTS Speaking Test pattern is same for both the formats and it is a bit tougher for the ‘Non-native English Speakers’. The basic “dos” for the candidates appearing for the IELTS Speaking Tests are:
Do practice speaking a lot right from the day one of starting your preparation. In the speaking test the fluency of the candidate in ‘Spoken English’ is put to the ultimate test. The more practice you get, the better for you.
Do present yourself at the test as a fluent speaker of ‘Good Quality English Language’. So, practice doesn’t mean speaking with anybody; you should practice speaking with someone who is really good at speaking English and has the right the knowledge of English grammar.
Do prepare yourself through a focused practice. You must be aware of ‘What exactly is needed from you in the Speaking Test’ and practice accordingly. Before starting practice, you must be aware, that your knowledge of English grammar and your ability to construct correct and perfect meaningful sentences are at desired level.
Do present yourself as one who is totally free from ‘Mother Tongue Bias’. Often it is found that non-native candidates can speak good English, but their accent is not free from ‘Mother Tongue Bias’. This is a highly negative point for any candidate and they should rectify this well ahead of the test.
Do present yourself with a ‘Good and Rich Vocabulary’. The ‘Speaking Test’ is carried out in a way, where a candidate has to speak with a ‘Certified IELTS Examiner’ who not only checks the fluency, knowledge of English grammar and the English accent but also checks the ‘Richness of the Vocabulary’ of the candidate.
Do present yourself as a ‘Spontaneous Speaker’ with no fumbling before the examiner. In spite of being a fluent speaker, due to lack of ‘mock test practice, often candidates are seen to fumble during the test. But, fumbling during the Test is counted as a highly negative point for a candidate. So, what to do if one gets stuck at some point? He should use “gap-fillers” like, ‘Well…. ‘ or ‘As we all know….’ or ‘Actually…. ‘ etc. However, gap fillers should be used very wisely and intelligently, keeping in mind the person you are talking to is the examiner; obviously some gap fillers such as, ‘Well as you know…’ or ‘Look sir/madam….’ or ‘You know… ‘ and some more are strictly not to be used.
Do use formal language only – no colloquial. It is highly applicable for the ‘Native Speakers’ who have the habit of using some typical informal words frequently. But, that would have an adverse impact on the candidate’s score.
Be a good listener. A candidate should not try to assume or guess a question. Often the examiners twist some common questions if a candidate does not let them finish asking a question, and as a result, they might not understand the actual question and hence deliver the wrong answer.
Do ask the examiner if you miss or could not follow the question, but do it with due politeness.
Do avoid asking the examiner to repeat the question; rather stay focused when he asks a question.
Do find at least one practice partner for polishing your spoken English. But, chose them wisely. If you get to talk to one with an English medium background, it is surely better than having a dozen from non-English medium background. It may sound harsh, but its’ the hard truth.
Do practice speaking in English over the phone, over Skype, etc. Shrug off any shyness; else, you won’t be able to converse well in English ever.
Do think in English. This happens to be the major problem with the non-native English speakers; they first think in their mother tongue and then try to translate it into English, making them fumble almost certainly.
Do try to answer in full and complete sentences avoiding yes/no type answers.
Do give your opinions/examples or views if you are asked for or if it is absolutely necessary.
Do avoid getting into argument with the examiner, even if you feel that he is wrong.
Do rectify your answer if by chance you make a mistake in answering.
Do speak slowly and distinctly, so that the examiner does not feel any problem understanding your pronunciation or your accent.
Do use the weak sound and the strong sound of each and every word.
Do prepare yourself for speaking in brief about your hobby or your favorite author or your favorite poet/novelist. If you are asked who is your favorite author, and your answer is ‘William Shakespeare’, you might be asked next: Name a few famous plays of Shakespeare and if you can’t answer that, you won’t get marked for that.
The purpose of the IELTS Speaking Test is not only to gauge the ability of a candidate to ‘Speak Fluently in English’, but also to carry out conversation with foreign English speaking people in different situations in day-to-day life. A working professional needs to talk or interact with foreign English speaking persons regularly on his job-related topics. Therefore, he must have the ability to discuss his job-related topics with fully functional English. Similarly, a student needs to talk to his teachers/professors and other students as well in clear and understandable English. Hence, the speaking test is conducted based on the usage in real life situations.
The IELTS Tests patterns are made in such a way so as to test a candidate on how efficient he is in all forms of the English language. By all forms it means that the IELTS judges the proficiency of a student’s proficiency of 1) Listening, 2) Speaking, 3) Reading and 4) Writing the English language.
Who the IELTS general Training Tests are for ?
The students who want to go to any foreign English speaking country for the secondary level of education, need to qualify through the IELTS general Training Test. Also, candidates who want to go to any foreign English speaking country for ‘Work Experience’ or ‘Trainings’ need to qualify through the IELTS general Training Test. Also, candidates who want to migrate to the U.K., Australia, Canada, New Zealand need the IELTS Certificate and of course the desired IELTS Band Score set by the absorbing bodies. As per record more than 900 institutions or organizations in no less than 140 countries accept the IELTS Certificate, which indicates the trust of the test worldwide. For a bright and prosperous career, all the students/candidates want to score as high as possible in the test. The benchmark set by the IELTS is regarded as a stamp of proficiency of a candidate’s overall expertise in the English knowledge.
The IELTS writing test is regarded as the toughest test of the all four parts of the test. There are to tasks to do Task1 and Task2. In the Task1 a candidate is asked to write a letter in minimum 150 words. The letter to be written is usually on explaining a problem that has arisen or reporting/describing a situation that has occurred. The times suggested is 20 minutes for Task1, keeping 40 minutes reserved for the longer test Task2. In Task1 a candidate is assessed on:
How efficient he is in making a personal correspondence.
How rational he is in providing a factual information
How he expresses his likes and dislikes
How well composed he is in expressing his views and complaints etc.
The Writing of Task2 requires a candidate to write an essay in at least 250 words on a given topic. Through the essay a candidate is assessed, how he can justify his opinion by logic and argument, how he can provide feasible solutions of a problem, etc. In this section writing error, free simple English will not be sufficient. A candidate has to show his range of vocabulary, expertise in constructing complex sentences with extensive grammatical knowledge and writing with no spelling mistakes at all. Only the candidate can achieve a high Band Score of 7+ or 8. The performance in Task2 is much important compared to Task1. The examiners recruited by the test center are highly qualified and they are approved by the British Council or IDP.
Any candidate who belongs to a non-English speaking country and has not an English medium background has to face an uphill task to come to the level of achieving a Band Score of 7+. The candidates belong to the non-English medium background should put special effort. He should first start from scratch. He should learn and follow a good grammar book to be a competent candidate with solid grammatical knowledge. Before starting actual preparation a candidate should start listening to ‘English News’, ‘English debate shows’ on TV and also he should download sample audios for the IELTS Listening test and listen to them minutely. Listening ‘Good English’ from any source will develop the candidate’s understanding of English pronunciation and if he listens to International English News and other programs he would also be familiar with the accent of native English speakers.
While updating himself a candidate should listen to the IELTS sample audios of the particular country he is heading for. If somebody is going to go to the USA its’ useless for him to listen to audio samples of British English. A noticeable problem of non-Native English speakers is their ‘Mother Tongue Bias’. Any candidate has to get rid of this and its’ easier said than done. As a primary step to get rid of this is to start speaking in English with friends and members of the family. Sample audios of spoken English for the IELTS is also available on the Internet. Those audios would be very handy to improve spoken English. But, above all the candidate has to listen and speak a lot and taking help of a teacher or a knowledgeable person to talk to and get rectified would be very beneficial. If one can afford to have a good English teacher, that would be of great help.So far we have discussed on listening and speaking. Following the above methods listening and understanding English and also spoken English can be developed a lot.
Next, comes writing. Dozens of sample writing papers are available on the Internet. A candidate can download and practice following the instructions given in those samples papers. But without the help of a teacher a candidate with the non-English medium background cannot improve up to the desired level. Very serious and time bound practice would make a candidate a competent one for the test. As in the Task1 and Task2, letters and essays are given to write, any candidate even a native English one should follow the instructions and understand what exactly the test wants him to write. Without having the basic preparation a candidate should not take admission to an IELTS coaching center because that would be a sheer wastage of time and money. By taking mock tests of himself or by his teacher would be able to understand how his preparation is.
Coming to ‘Optimum Standard’ a candidate should take help from and expert IELTS teacher or a reputed IELTS coaching center. Because only an expert help with a series of mock test can prepare a candidate for the ultimate test. A candidate should understand well that even the best coaching center would not be able to make him get a high Band Score of 7+ or 8 unless he is extremely serious and diligent. A truly well-prepared student having gone through a series of mock tests can succeed in the writing rest.
Task1 in details:
Task achievement: In the case of Task1 a candidate is required to write a personal response (in the form of a letter) preferably in formal English with flawless grammar and well constructed English in at least 150 words. Candidates are told what type of information they should include in their letter, instructions are given in three bulleted points. The situations, candidates are asked to write about like reporting on some problems or some crisis or to write a newspaper to cover the problems in the local conveyance or so on.
Coherence and cohesion: The assessment is made on how logical, orderly, and consistent relation of parts of the message. Also, how the candidate responses, organizes and links the given information is judged. Cohesion refers to sticking the ideas through sequencing with logic.
Lexical resource: It is the criteria refers to the range of vocabulary of the candidate used with maintaining accuracy.
Grammatical range and accuracy: The range of grammatical usage and the grammatical resource as manifested in the construction of sentences.
Task2 in details: In the General Training test Task 2 requires the candidate’s application in developing a position in relation to a given topic in the form of a question or statement. The ideas should be justified with evidence and examples.
For getting a high band score in the writing test, a candidate should:
Analyze and read the question with extreme care to understand what exactly is being asked.
Make a plan before writing.
Highlight or underline the important keywords in the tasks
Put one idea in each paragraph, not more than that.
Should not copy full sentences of the question.
Extremely wise about time management. Should keep at least 40 minutes for Task2
Use minimum 150 words for Task1, but should not write more than 170 to 180 words.
Use minimum 250 words for Task2, but should not write more than 270 to 280 words.
Practice writing Task1 within 150 words and Task2 within 250 words. It would not possible to count word in the exam hall.
Won’t get any marks for pointed answers or answering in bulleted points.
Spelling error, grammar errors are not allowed.
Strict use of formal English language.
A variety of complex sentence structures would be appreciated.
Keeping 10 minutes in hand for correcting answers.
To be precise, there are some key areas, by developing those areas a student can improve his IELTS writing score distinctly. Which are:
Improving his proficiency of English writing by regular practice and by getting corrected by an expert.
Improving the test skills of him by giving a number of mock tests conducted by the coaching center or by his teacher.
Understanding how the marks are given and where one might lose marks.
Improving one’s knowledge level in the English language as a whole.
Getting special tips and tricks to excel in the exam, from an experienced tutor or from a coaching center,
Writing on a regular basis and getting corrected by an expert tutor.
Going through repeated mock-tests, strictly maintaining the time.
Achieving a better band score is always the goal for any candidate. The IELTS Writing Test is the ultimate test of Proficiency in the English language. Hence the surest way to improve the IELTS Band Score is to improve the level of one’s General English and prepare for the actual test by repeatedly giving mock tests which replicate the actual exam. Holding nerve in the exam hall, managing time wisely a well-prepared candidate can achieve his goal of getting 7+ or more.
The IELTS Reading Test is the second part of the IELTS Test. It takes 60 minutes to complete. The test usually consists of 3 reading passages with increasing difficulty. The candidate will have to answer 40 questions in total. The Academic Reading Test is different from the General Training Reading Test and is tougher in compared to the GT Reading Test. A candidate must not spare more than 20 minutes for each part of the test, as there are 3 parts & the time limit is 60 minutes. Important to know that no extra time is given under any circumstances unless it is a fault of the test conducting authority. Now see below, here is given a passage with questions and answers.
Self Help is the Best Help
A “Heaven helps those who help themselves” – runs a famous proverb that reflects the experience of the successful people of all ages. Samuel Smiles in his book Self-Help has given us hundreds of examples of self-made men in different walks of life. Successful men are usually strong individuals who carve out their own careers by sheer will-power and individual effort. In reality, they master their fate and they are the captains of their souls. That fairly sums up the attitude to life which was markedly evident in those strong, heroic, adventurous souls.
B Everybody wants success. It may sound crude but at bottom of the heart, even an idealist wants that his ideas should be achieved, which means his efforts should be successful. Success in life includes success in the business, industry, sports or any branch of human activities. So far in life, we all have seen, self-help is the most powerful single factor for success, we should cultivate it both as a nation and as an individual.
C Let’s takes the cases of a few countries. Long years of political subjugations have, to a large extent dampened the spirit of enterprise of the people of India. So, after independence, in the year 1947, it was found that the average people were reluctant to work hard; instead, they just want somebody to provide food, shelters, and jobs for them to make life easy and comfortable. They didn’t want to work hard or struggle for achieving a goal, as they have no goal in their mind. They just wanted, that rest of their life would pass smoothly without any hassles. This utter lack of initiative, a general spirit of defeatism and despair, a pathetically observed belief in ‘Law of Karma’ or ‘Fate’ had been the main cause of India’s economic backwardness and extreme stagnation of the life of average people.
D On the contrary, if we consider the progress of Japan, it’s’ simply be dazing. Within a single decade, turning around from destruction, Japan, became world’s fourth best producer of steel, one of world leaders in ship building and has presented themselves as world’s one of the most advanced country in research & development in the field of electronic equipment. The war-shattered economy of Japan bounced back on a sound footing within almost a blink of an eye. The only thing that could make the change happen so quickly, was a cult of self-help.
E There is perhaps always an element of luck in life. Opportunities come to everybody but only one who is sufficiently vigorous and alert to make use of that opportunity get ahead in life. A famous Sanskrit proverb says, “Preys do not enter into the mouth of a sleeping lion”. The ‘Lion’ has to open its mouth at least. Like the lion, in real life, man has to be energetic and extremely active in order to achieve success. Dependence on others or on fate is least desired. One should completely depend on his own shelf, his own ability, and his own vigor to achieve success in the path of life.
F Self-help efforts and strong determination can create a happy life. A person who never depends on others and possesses a do-it-yourself attitude, is sure to achieve his target, his goal, sooner or later. On the other hand, persons who are lazy, depend on others for help to get their job done, they can never be successful in life. To become a person, who believes that, self-help is the best help, one has to grow from the childhood with that belief and faith, embossed in his brain by his parents or his teachers.
G Examples of numerous great people are there, who made their way to success against heavy odds depending solely on their own ability, hard work, and undaunted spirit. So many great people have found to preach self-help. Also they have found to practice in real life what they used to preach. We can see great examples as, the great patriot ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ of India, another great patriot, ‘Nelson Mandela’ from South Africa the great soul ‘Swami Vivekananda’ also from India and so many others.
H The history has seen the birth of thousands of luminaries who became a posture of ‘Self- Reliant’ person in life. It hardly mattered whether they came from a rich family or a poor one but one thing was common in all of them that, each of them was self-reliant people, they have a tremendous undaunted spirit within themselves. Their works, the fight against all odds and their victorious smiles, proves and affirms the power of self-help attitude. These unforgettable heroes lives were not beds of roses, all of them had to face tremendous negative forces, they had to cross mountains of obstacles to become victors, whatever they achieved they achieve by self-help.
You should not spend more than 20 minutes for Questions 1 to 13, which is based on IELTS Reading Passage 1. First, read the paragraph minutely, then answer the given questions.
The IELTS Test Reading Passage 1 has eight sections, A-H. Choose the correct paragraphs for each sentence from the list below.Write the correct number i-v, as applicable, in the boxes 1- 5 given on your answer sheet.
Note: More sentences are given in the list than required, you don’t need to answer all of them.
List of Sentences
ithousands of luminaries who became a posture of ‘Self- Reliant’ person in life
iiSuccess in life includes success in the business, industry, sports or any branch of human activity
iiiWe can see great examples as the great patriot ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ of India
ivSamuel Smiles in his book Self-Help has given us hundreds of examples of self-made men
vThe only thing that could make the change happen so quickly was a cult of self-help
viA person who never depends on others and possesses a do it yourself attitude
viiit was found that the average people were reluctant to work hard, instead
viiiPreys do not enter into the mouth of a sleeping lion
1. Paragraph A iv
2. Paragraph B ii
3. Paragraph C vii
4. Paragraph D v
5. Paragraph E viii
Write as instructed below: In boxes 6-10 on your answer sheet, write
If the statement is true, according to the Reading Passage > TRUE
If the statement is false, according to the Reading Passage > FALSE
If the information is not given in the Reading Passage > NOT GIVEN
6. Successful men are usually strong individuals who carve out their own careers by sheer will-power. TRUE
7. This has been the main reason for the failure of India in Nuclear Research. NOT GIVEN
8. The reformers began soliciting that all lands should be used for cultivating Not Given
9. Japan, became world’s fourth best producer of steel, one of world leaders in ship building True
10. The war-shattered economy of Japan could not bounce back on a sound footing FALSE
Using not more than two words fill the blanks with right words from the passage
11. Samuel _______ in his book Self-Help has given us hundreds of examples of ______ men….. (Smiles, self-made)
12. belief in ‘Law of _____’ or ‘Fate’ had been the main cause of India’s economic _____________ (Karma, backwardness)
13. the birth of thousands of _________who became a posture of ‘ _______ ‘ person in life. (luminaries, Self- Reliant )
In this part there are 13 questions in total, so you will get 13 marks if all your answers are right. You should not spend more than 13 minutes as instructed, because in any case there will be 40 questions in total, carrying 1 marks each. So, you have to hurry through the paper without wasting a minute. The sample provided here is one of the easiest types. As you have already told that you will face questions with increasing difficulties as the test progresses.
‘English as The Official Language’ has already been accepted in major countries in the world and also ‘Major Number of Countries’ are gradually being inclined towards accepting the ‘English Language’ as the ‘Official Language’ for communicating to the rest of the world. So while the truth is that, can we neglect English and expect to flourish in any field when it comes to communicating with overseas Institutions or Organizations or even persons?
Let’s take a case study. Balindar Singh a Punjabi with a Non-English background, after securing the M. Tech degree from Delhi University got a job in a multinational company and sent to China but, the Chinese company reported against Balindar as an inefficient one and asked to send someone real competent. He came back to India and lost his job. Then after spending 2 years in India working as an engineer in a firm, he gets a good job in Dubai, working for 3 years there he managed to get a job in the USA and finally he settled there.
So why he was dismissed? Just because of his ‘lack of communication skill’ in English. When he was sent to China he was not supposed to speak in ‘Chinese/Punjabi’ language, the only language of communication was English. How could he finally manage to flourish? While spending 2 Years in India, he mastered in ‘Spoken and Written English’. That’s the key to his success. So let’s discuss why we cannot ignore English and what are the compelling reasons that urge one to be a flamboyant English speaker and writer.
1) For Studying Overseas: If you are a Non-Native English speaker and have a ‘Non-English Medium’ background your English communication skill is bound to be lackluster. Now if you want to go for higher studies, all the reputed books are written in English which will be first hurdle for that. If you manage to clear this hurdle, it is taken for granted that you are capable of writing in English, though with some limitations. What are they? It is for sure that you can write in English on your subjects of study, but can you write anything, an application an email or a review in well composed English? Most probably ‘No’ is the answer. Moreover often ‘Higher Study’ is furthered to ‘Researches’ and a researcher must have a profound depth of ‘English Knowledge’, as he needs to write a lot, needs to read his papers on seminars and so on. If you are researching on ‘Physics’, ‘Biology’ or any other subject the language you need to use is English. Contrary to this fact a few cases are there when one is researching in a particular ‘Language’ like ‘Sanskrit’ or ‘Urdu’ or some else other than ‘English’ he need not know English, but the examples are sheer a handful. Depth in English is must for higher study in almost all the cases. As this is an ‘accepted general case’, students opting for higher studies abroad from ‘Non-English Speaking Countries’, need to clear at least one test of ‘Proficiency in English Knowledge’, which judges the depth of knowledge of the student on both ‘Spoken and Written English’. Actually each of these exams. has set a ‘Benchmark of World Standard’, a student passes out successfully means he has got the right kind of depth to go for higher studies to any ‘English Speaking Country’.
2) For Getting An Overseas Job In Any ‘English Speaking Country’: We have sighted a case study of Balindar Singh a person with a ‘Non-English Background’. He learnt from his bitter experience and bounced back with flamboyance. But isn’t it wise to prepare in such a way so that one does not have to have a bitter experience? While you are pursuing an overseas job, your ‘Application’ will be in English and needless to mention your ‘Interview’ will be carried out in English. Whatever you do in your office you would have to do in English. The substance of the discussion reiterates the fact that, if you go for an ‘Overseas Job’ to an English Speaking Country you have to have an optimum level English knowledge, which means you are proficient in both spoken and written English so as to continue your job successfully and promote your career to brighter one.
3) You are working in a Multinational Company: In such a case there is a high probability that your company may send you for a foreign trip and it’s your flare of English knowledge is to decide whether you are going to be promoted or sacked (under worst case scenario). Making a career in a multinational company is a dream for job hunters, without proficiency in English getting a high return in such a company is literally impossible and if you manage to get one without a sound knowledge of English, your prospect of growth is very low. You might see your juniors overtake you by mere English communication skill. Must be disheartening for you, won’t it be?
4) If you want to spread your business across the world: If you are a businessman and you want to spread your business across the border you must be aware that each and every proceedings for Export or Import are carried out in English only of course barring a few exceptions. As we all know, ‘Exception Proves the Rule’, the case is similar here. Say you are a man from South Korea and you want to Import Coffee from Brazil, what do you expect to be the language for written and verbal communication? English of course. You want to trade with the USA, U.K. or any other English Speaking Country again the language for written and verbal communication will be English. So, in any case you ought to be a ‘Proficient Communicator’ in English or you hire an ‘Interpreter’ for communicating, but remember the interpreter will not translate in your mother tongue.
5) You are an Artist with International Fame: If you are an Artist or a Celebrity with International reputation, you visit different countries for presenting ‘Live Shows’, you have to speak before the ‘Audience’ in English, your interview will be taken in English, If instead, you hire an Interpreter to translate what you want to say, wouldn’t that stain your image? Wouldn’t that harm your stature?
6) You are a Famous Player: Say you are a ‘Cricketer’ or a ‘Footballer’ or a ‘Tennis Player’ and you can’t speak English. The case might be even more complicated if are a ‘Captaining’ your team and you are on the microphone, the whole world is listening to you, which language you are supposed to deliver your speech in? If you deliver in your mother tongue, it would certainly be damaging to your image. So you must speak English. Many of the emerging players have found to speak in his mother tongue but after being a successful and reputed one, he also found to speak in English.
7) You are a tourist an explorer: Yes you are a tourist or an explorer, venturing new places are your passion or might be your profession. You got to have an optimum level of knowledge on English. You may even have to face such situation where you will get a local ‘Guide cum Interpreter’ who translates from local language to English, so if you don’t know English you are in trouble, big trouble.
There might be tens of more reasons to learn English, we have covered the most basic reasons. Whatever may be the reason knowing English up to the desired level always keeps one a step ahead in the race. If you are a good sales person with proficiency in English you will push through like a ‘knife in the butter’ just because of your English speaking skill and others will lag behind. There are quite some countries in the world where ‘English’ is not announced as the ‘Official Language’, but almost all official correspondences are made in English only. So unofficially the English language has silently become the ‘Official Language’ of several countries. In real life situation persons with proficiency in English are always ahead in the race in this rapidly changing world moreover his social status achieves a higher level with people counting him as a very educated person. Millions of immigrants who travel the world from non-English-speaking countries every year, learning to communicate in English is the major key to success in mainstream English speaking countries. Proficiency in the English language can open the door for alluring job opportunities in international markets.
When you are speaking in any language, your pronunciation matters. So, when you are speaking in English, you must speak with correct pronunciation and right accent. You must follow the pronunciation of the ‘Native English Speakers’ to make you sound good. You should also follow their accent without imitating their accentual bias; otherwise, it would sound funny.
The mother tongue of both the ‘British’ and the ‘Americans’ is English. But, the American’s English accent is way different from that of the British. There are lots of differences in written English between the two as well. The style of the written English of the Americans is accepted all over the world, and it has almost become the ‘International English’. Still, while speaking, you should better follow the British pronunciation and British accent as it is much easier to understand, because of less ‘Typical Accentual Bias’.
Now, assuming that you can speak in English, let’s start the discussion, how you should make yourself sound like a native speaker. This discussion is made keeping in view that you are preparing for the IELTS Speaking Test, though the details of the speaking test are being skipped, as that is not our subject of discussion (the test continues for 11 to 15 minutes).
Here, there are two possibilities:-
1) You can speak in English, and your ‘English Pronunciation’ is perfect or at least close to perfect.
2) You can speak in English, but your ‘English Pronunciation’ is far away from perfection.
In the non-English speaking countries, a large number of people who are fluent in English found to speak in faulty pronunciation. So, let’s start talking about how to rectify your pronunciation. Let’s present the discussion point-wise:
For the preparation of the IELTS speaking test, you would get huge study materials free to download from the Internet. Numbers of audio files would be there, which are meant to help you prepare for the speaking test. Listen to the audios, mind the pronunciations of the native speakers and try to rectify your pronunciation by trying to pronounce that of the native speaker’s. Learn the way they put stress on syllables. Watch the pronunciation of a few words: Interview: in-tur,vyoo, Appointment: u’poynt-munt. Frustrating: frús,trey-ting. You would get all these in dictionaries. Even if you want to hear the pronunciation, take the help of a dictionary using your PC or your mobile, type the word and ask for ‘Hear pronunciation’ or ‘Read aloud’ options as is available.
From the Internet, you will get lots of study materials for the IELTS Listening Test, where you would get a lot of ‘Recorded Conversations’ of native speakers. One important point to mention is that in those audios you would get to hear the English of the British people, the American people, the North-American people and so on. In order to learn the pronunciation follow how they pronounce, but don’t imitate their accent, because there you would get to hear a whole lot of distinctly different accents.
Listen to the daily news on International ‘TV Channels’, the news readers are trained to pronounce perfect English. Do watch the leap movements of the English news reader’s, it would help you pronounce perfect. Listen to different ‘YouTube Videos’ on spoken English. There are fantastic lessons for improving your English pronunciation. Read aloud a newspaper and record your voice using or mobile or any recording device. Now hear your pronunciation, and judge how do they sound. A great software you can use if you have a PC/Laptop/Notebook PC or an android phone. The software is called ‘Text to Speech Software’. Type a few lines with some words which you feel are hard to pronounce on an MS Word or Notepad file. Then click the software’s ‘Read Aloud’ button and listen to the pronunciation of the speaker. The voice of male and female are available, and you can choose between ‘British English’ and ‘American English’ while installing the software.
Apart from doing all these, you have to speak a lot. If possible, collect a study partner (only, if he or she is good in spoken English) chat with him/her a lot. Ask your partner to help you to rectify your pronunciation in such a way so that you might sound like a native speaker.
Use some ‘Tongue Twisters’ like “She sells”, seashells on the seashore. Tongue twisters make you get rid of any mother tongue bias
The more you hear your own pronunciation by playing a recorded speech/conversation of you and match it with a native speaker’s speech/conversation, you will improve the faster and better.
Anyway, its’ easier said than done. To make this happen you will have to put a lot of effort with a “must-do” attitude. Sounding like a native speaker being a non-native speaker is not very easy. You should not listen to or try to learn from ‘Colloquial English’; you must stick to learn from ‘Official English’. So, listen to English News on TV, debate shows on TV, English Tutorials’ from YouTube using your mobile or other gadgets. Speak in English all day whenever and wherever possible, and with time you will be able to become a ‘Fluent English Speaker’ who sounds like a native speaker.
The IELTS Essay writing skills deserve getting a special attention. As, the IELTS test is known to be the most popular and trusted test of proficiency in all forms of the English language, no need to explain the standard it maintains. Writing a perfect essay in the IELTS test is not just writing any essay. It needs special training and skill to write a ‘Quality Essay’ to score a high band in the test. In the Academic version of the tests, in Tsak2, you would get a topic, providing a brief detail of a situation/problem or argument and you need to generate an essay proceeding to a conclude by justified reason or logic. While in the Task2 of the General Training module you would get an instruction to write a discursive essay asking your opinion on a social issue, usually a contemporary one. In both cases you have to write an essay in not less than 250 words and the language used should be very rich with a lot of complex sentence structures and a wide range of suitable vocabulary with hardly any spelling mistakes. The content should be grammatically rich and idea wise, coherent and cohesive.
You should prepare yourself well before the test on how to plan and construct an essay. The planning comes first. You should not spare much time for planning, a well prepared you hopefully should know that taking 3 to 5 minutes for planning the essay is adequate enough. Prior to writing an essay you should first read and analyze the question thoroughly, this is an indispensable part. You should be aware about the fact that, if you cannot write addressing all the parts of the question you won’t be able to get a good Band Score. So scanning each and every part on the question is compulsory, and you should not jump start to write, without making an impeccable plan.
Why you should make a plan before start writing:
Planning before writing is an integral part to ensure higher Band Score. It ensures that you would never get lost in the middle, also planning would help you write the exact sequence things should be written. One who writes without planning would have to stop- then think – then write – again stop and think – and write this process simply wastes time incurs errors at the same time it lowers the quality of the essay. Planning and working accordingly would also save your time and help you write in a more organized manner. So, as mentioned above, first read and analyze the question and have a clear idea of what exactly you need to write about. For example, let’s write a sample question to make you understand finding the keywords. Say, the questions are as below:
A major number of children of the age group 5 to 11 years are getting addicted towards playing games on the cell phones and becoming unsocial: What is your opinion, is it completely bad or has some good side as well? Do you think that they should socialize more? Here the major keyword is ‘Getting addicted towards playing games on the cell phones’, and the smaller keyword is ‘becoming unsocial‘. If you can’t identify the exact ‘Keyword’ your essay would be off the track and carry no marks for you at all. Your answer through the essay should be exactly to the point. So once you have got the ‘Keyword’ you start planning your essay. Remember, you are writing on papers, not typing on your computer screen, so that you have the liberty of delete-rewrite-edit-then write again. You have to plan what you are going to write, then start writing according to the plan. A good plan would work as a roadmap preventing you from losing on the midway.
How to plan your essay: In short, we can write that there are four things to do:
Identifying the right keyword that means the central idea.
Identifying the micro-keywords that are the main points.
Starting with a good introductory paragraph.
Thinking and constructing the body of the essay.
While thinking about the construction framing them into paragraphs is necessary.
An average IELTS essay is 250 to 280 words long with 14 to 18 sentences in it. So you could spend 5 minutes for planning and then 35 minutes for writing. In the case of constructing an essay first comes the introduction part, think about the introduction part, first. Remember a good introduction bears immense importance as we all know the famous quote saying “well begun is half done”. For writing a good introduction, first decide what is your opinion, is it in favor of the ‘Keyword’ or against the ‘Keyword’. Once you decide what exactly you are going to write, you can write your opinion clearly and transparently, clarify on which side you are, ‘Against’ or ‘For’. So this is the first phase of planning. Plan to write a compact context without overlapping ideas. Write every sentence with a purpose.
Now you have to ‘Generate the Exact Idea’ for forming of the essay: You have written down your opinion or view in the introduction part, now you have to justify it with logic. At this juncture make yourself ready with how to weave the sentences to form a complete and compact essay. It might sound easy, but doing it in the exam hall without sufficient practice would be almost impossible. Generate the ideas using logic, which sentence comes when, whether it fits there or not, etc. Having a rock-solid plan from the start would make you move through the context with ease without having to think about the structure, it would be formed automatically. Note that you have to write both the options ‘Good’ or ‘Bad’ and establish it with logic.
For executing your plan in the best way and not forgetting them you can write the planning on the question paper, the examiner won’t mind it, he would mind about your answer only. Hundreds of top students have found getting low Band Score because of their poor planning or no planning at all for the essay. Another very important thing is if you fall low in the word count. In the exam hall you won’t be able to count your words, so practice it at home by watching ‘How 250 words look in your handwriting’, this is important.
There are 4 main marking criteria for giving marks for the IELTS essay. They are as follows:
How your response to the task
How good the essay is from the point of view of ‘Coherence’ and ‘Cohesion’
How good it is regarding the ‘Lexical Resource’.
How appropriate is the range of grammatical expertise and accuracy
Accuracy in spelling.
A suggestive discussion, for getting a high Band Score like 8 is:
Address all parts of the tasks.
Write complete answers of all issues in the essay questions.
The contextual meaning should be transparent to the readers.
All the answers are supported by justifying opinions.
Don’t write in big paragraphs, exceeding 140 words, complete the essay in 2 to 3 paragraphs.
Be always relevant to the topics, don’t write irrelevant points and sentences, the examiner will be annoyed.
Strictly avoid any errors in linking words and paragraphs.
Write paragraphs in perfect sequence, so as to be transparent with your writing.
Don’t use too common words, use synonyms instead.
Use a wide range of rich vocabulary to stand tall amongst the crowd.
Use a wide range of complex sentences without losing lucidity.
While giving your opinion, remember that you would have to justify it with the solid argument in favor. At the same time when you are talking about the ‘Dark side’, you have to establish your view with the solid justifying statement. To get a high Band Score like 8 or 9 you have to do something specials during your preparation, you have to
Read a lot of good essays.
Practice on ‘how to make planning within 5 minutes before starting’. This would make you write in the coherent form.
Your opinion should be transparent and you have to establish it with 100% convincing and justifying points.
Always keep in mind that, ‘The purpose of writing’ is to convey the meaning of the essay, at the same time showing the examiner how impressive your range of vocabulary is and how expert you are in construct complex sentences keeping the cohesion intact.
Focus on writing clearly and you will do very well. They know the key to high grammar scores is accuracy.
Timing is a very important part of the Reading test. You must try to complete it within 20 minutes.
First read the given passage thoroughly and quickly, spend maximum 10 minutes for it.
Try to understand the questions so that you can answer quickly. If a question takes too much time to answer, just skip it.
Try to keep time in hand, ideally 5 minutes to transfer your answers to the answer sheet
Violent Movies: Cause Violence in Real Life
In recent studies, a frightful observation by the scientists has discovered that watching violent movies make people aggressive in real life. Also it has found in research that aggressive people love and enjoy violent movies and they become more aggressive in nature by the impact of such movies. Researchers also say that the impact is more on teenagers, children, and illiterate lower class people. One may ask, ‘What literacy has to do with violence?’. Generally speaking, literate people love to stay away from any sort trouble making activities, like vandalism, looting, etc. Especially young boys and middle aged people, usually illiterate and belong to the lower class are found to be active in different sorts of destructive activities. Their aggression gets boosted by watching violent movies.
Now, if we look at the Film Industry worldwide, there are mainly two types of movies, Commercial movies, and Art films. The commercial movies, at least 80% of them are full of violence. When the ‘Hero’ of a movie kills the ‘Villain’ of the movie by torturing him immensely, everyone enjoys it, from child to old man all like to watch the cruel way of killing the villain. It is also observed in the study, that people mainly belong to the lower class, lower middle class and teenagers of all class enjoy this types of movies. Mostly, young men from lower or lower middle-class family with no cultural background like the ‘Action Packed’ Movies.
Scientists have scanned the brains of two distinctly different class of viewers, to understand the impact of the violent movies on them. The two different classes were – One who is aggressive by nature and have a history of physical fights in real life and Two – Who are calm and quiet and never go physical assaults. The result they found that the brains of the aggressive peoples become highly active as if they get involved in the fight, and their expressions were like, kill him, beat him to death. As par, the study, their blood pressure, and heart beat went high. While their calmer counterpart shows almost no reaction, their brain didn’t show a major noticeable change at all.
So, scientifically it is proved that ‘Violent’ movies impact ‘Violent’ people directly, which is alarming for the society. Quite a number of crimes have happened, where the pattern of the crime has seen to be reflecting a crime scene of a popular movie. As per study, aggression is a distinguishing feature of a person’s nature, and it grows with the nervous system from the childhood. Children with violent nature have seen to go for physical assault for trifle reasons, this aggression in them get fuel from B-graded violent movies, and these children grow up as hooligans.
All over the world street fight, vandalism, hooliganism, violent outrage, destroying and damaging property for trifle reasons have become a major concern for the society. General innocent people often get trapped into violent activities of hooligans and get injured or lose their life. Shopkeepers and businessman suffer havoc loss in the form of damaged property, broken doors and windows. Though violent movies are not the only reason behind all these, it is surely one of the most prominent reasons. For instance, when the movies of ‘Bruce Lee’ released, people all over the world became a fan of him, teenagers and young men joined ‘Karate’ class, they view each movie of Bruce Lee again and again.
The real problem noticed gradually across the globe, teenagers and young people became aggressive, they started fighting for trifle reasons copying the action styles of Bruce Lee, street fights became a very common thing. Injuries became concerning. Scientists became worried, they started researching, ‘What happens in the brains of people when they watch violent movies’, for the tests people with noticeable aggressive nature were sort out. An increasing blood pressure was noticed in these guys while watching violent movie scenes on the screen. ‘Brain Metabolic Function’ which is an indicator of brain function showed noticeable change, affirming the scientist theory.
Research on the controversial issue (Whether viewing violent movies aggravate violence or not) got a new direction as the researchers came to a new conclusion. They unanimously decided that people who are prone to lose temper easily or aggressive by nature get substantially impacted by watching violent movies. Bloody scenes, cruel scenes of murdering impact the children, teenagers and aggressive people negatively, these group of people loves to see violent movies with bloody scenes. The film industry all over the world cash on this to get more viewers, thus making more profit. From no angle making of violent movies is good for the society. There is enough violence over the globe and these violent movies often show new ways of committing a crime, which is harmful and dangerous for the society. Good movies, with minimum violent scenes (if required at all), prophesying moral values can make the world a really better place to live in.
Complete the sentences and write your answers in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.
Choose TWO WORDS in maximum from the given passage for each answer.
Choose MAXIMUM TWO WORDS from the text for each answer.
1) _________ also say that the impact is more on _______ [Researchers, teenagers]
2) lower or lower _______family with no ______ background like the ‘Action Packed’ Movies. [middle-class, cultural]
3) One who is __________ by nature and have a history of ______fights [aggressive, physical]
4) this __________ in them get fuel from ________ violent movies [aggression, B-graded]
5) _______ scenes, cruel scenes of murdering might only have a _____ effect on [Bloody, negative]
Write your answers in boxes 6-9 on your answer sheet.
Questions 6-9 [Do not write your answers in more than two words]
6) Who loves and enjoy violent movies? [ aggressive people ]
7) Who gets trapped into violent activities of hooligans? [ Innocent people ]
8) Children with violent nature have seen to go for what? [ physical assault ]
9) People all over the world became a fan of whom? [Bruce Lee]
Answer the questions by stating true/ false or not given
Write your answers in boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet. Write as stated below:
TRUE if the statement matches a sentence given in the passage
FALSE if the statement contains wrong information that does not match with the passage
NOT GIVEN If the statement is not at all given in the passage
10) copying the action styles of Bruce Lee, street fights became a very common thing. True
11) Aggressive people often get trapped into violent activities of hooligans. False
12) Innocent people are usually head strong. Not Given
13) Bloody scenes, cruel scenes of murdering might only have a negative effect on children, True
Spoken English and Written English are the two forms of the English Language that differ from each other in many ways. When it comes to ‘Spoken English’ there are different forms in which the language is spoken; the pronunciation of the British is different from that of the Americans. As English is the mother tongue of the ‘British’ an opinion prevails that ‘British English’ is the actual form of ‘English’ language be it spoken or be it written, though in real life we are acquainted with two distinctly different form of both ‘Spoken’ and ‘Written’ English.
Almost all or to be precise, a major number of countries in the world are associated with America for different reasons. As a matter of fact, the ‘American English’ has become a trend and ‘British English’ has taken a back seat. So our discussion will be based on taking ‘American English’ as a benchmark for both the ‘American Way of Spoken and Written English.’ There are quite a few noticeable differences are there. We will discuss the major and most distinct ones.
This comes first because it is often observed with surprise that a person with a profound knowledge of the ‘English Language’ does not even know how to pronounce the word he is using in his writing. Many a person pronounce the word ‘often’ as ‘of ten’ may it sound stylish, the actual pronunciation is of(t)en. While speaking in English people have often heard to utter ‘Pro noun ciation’ but the real one is ‘Pro nun ciation’. These are mistakes committed due to less exposure to persons with ‘Good English Communication Skill’. Faulty pronunciation gets noticed only when a person talks to a ‘Native English Speaker’ or a person with good command over ‘English Communication Skill’. So the difference is visible. However good a person may be in written English, he may not be a good communicator with right pronunciation, and that matters a lot.
2) Knowledge of Grammar:
Here the case is a bit too critical. If you are not good in ‘Applied English Grammar,’ you neither can be a good writer nor be a good speaker. Well, then what’s the difference? If you are not good enough in English Grammar, you have a shallow knowledge but you are habituated in speaking English, you can manage to talk to ordinary persons, (notice it I have written manage to talk) your friends or relative in casual or informal English. Don’t get shocked with the statement; I am talking about ‘Informal Way’ of speaking. Why I have said ‘you can manage’ to talk? Because in the day to day conversations people often (not of ten) speak in a casual way, using incomplete sentences, avoiding usage of punctuations, indirect narrations and even avoid using a note of interrogation. e.g. “so you’re really going to home” instead of asking “So, are you really going to home?”. People also speak in a casual way ignoring proper usage of Tenses. Here comes the difference, when one needs to write, say an application letter or an essay in college or a business letter his ‘Knowledge on English Grammar’ is put to test. Hardly one gets a chance to write something in casual English.
3) Proficiency in speaking:
As we have discussed that ‘You can manage to talk’ without proper depth of English language and English Grammar, contrary to that you cannot ‘manage to talk’ when it comes to serious conversation with designated person or ‘delivering a speech’ or ‘participating in a debate’, here depth of your English knowledge needs to be sharper than even a writer. You get no chance to think and compose, no chance of speaking then rectifying (damaging for your image), no usage of incomplete sentences. You have to have the sharp skill of ‘English Communication’ so as to be an eloquent speaker with a profound depth of both English language and English grammar. Your vocabulary has to be strong, your knowledge of ‘English Idioms and Phrases’ has to be well enough for application where it suits. This is also a difference between spoken and written English, for being an ‘Eloquent Speaker’ your depth of knowledge has to sharper and stronger.
4) Accentuate on specific words while speaking:
Accentuating matters a lot while speaking or delivering a speech as it provides clarity on your speech, by putting stress on words you make your point clear to the listener or the audience. Needless to be mentioned accentuating is not needed at all while you are writing in English. Its’ the reader’s job to see through the words and get the meaning accurately, your duty is to write properly and if needed you can underline or make a word or words written in bold, indicating that you are emphasizing on that or them. While speaking your audience will not be able to get a clear message unless you accentuate or put stress on required words. So it makes another big difference.
5) American Accent or British Accent:
When you are writing in English some spellings and styles do differ from American to British English, no matter which style you are following you have to chose either one of the two writing styles and stick to it with a minor swaying, its’ easy to adapt. But while you are delivering a speech before a respectable audience i.e. in a seminar or conference you have to follow rigidly one style of accent. If you are an American/habituated in speaking in American English, or if you are a British/habituated in speaking in British English stick to it, no swaying from one to another. Being habituated in British English if you try to please the audience by speaking in American accent you will become a laughingstock and vice versa. The difference here between ‘Spoken’ and ‘Written’ English is visibly distinct. You can change your writing style according to the need of the situation, but you have no chance to adjust your speaking style accordingly, you have to be the real ‘You’ whoever be the audience.
Might be dozens of other examples can be presented, but the distinct differences are discussed here keeping with a view to making people aware that, don’t take it to be granted that if you are a good writer you are a good speaker as well and the other way around. Writing good English and Speaking great English are two different arts to be acquired by means of practice. Most importantly, emphasis and tone of voice both are important in conversational English, while impeccable knowledge of English grammar is a must for both the forms. While expressing different expressions like fear, sorrow, disappointment your emphasize on words and tone of your voice are more important than your facial expressions. For being a good communicator or a good writer your skill has to be adequate and you need to know the art spoken English with all its’ difference from written form.