According To IMF global fossil fuel subsidies totaled a staggering $5.2 trillion worldwide in 2017, - this is investing 5 trillion in the destruction of our climate and future and must be stopped if world is serious about fighting global warming https://t.co/qQRC8erJ9y
Nordhaus agrees that man-made Climate Change is happening—he is not a "Climate Change Denialist". However, his research actually encourages policymakers not to take the action that Extinction Rebellion demands, or anything like it. He instead recommends managing Global Warming so that the Earth's temperature will stabilize at 4 degrees above pre-industrial levels in the mid-22nd century
The worst thing about cars is that they are like castles or villas by the sea: luxury goods invented for the exclusive pleasure of a very rich minority, and which in conception and nature were never intended for the people. Unlike the vacuum cleaner, the radio, or the bicycle, which retain their use value when everyone has one, the car, like a villa by the sea, is only desirable and useful insofar as the masses don’t have one. That is how in both conception and original purpose the car is a luxury good. And the essence of luxury is that it cannot be democratized. If everyone can have luxury, no one gets any advantages from it. On the contrary, everyone diddles, cheats, and frustrates everyone else, and is diddled, cheated, and frustrated in return. This is pretty much common knowledge in the case of the seaside villas. No politico has yet dared to claim that to democratize the right to vacation would mean a villa with private beach for every family. Everyone understands that if each of 13 or 14 million families were to use only 10 meters of the coast, it would take 140,000km of beach in order for all of them to have their share! To give everyone his or her share would be to cut up the beaches in such little strips—or to squeeze the villas so tightly together—that their use value would be nil and their advantage over a hotel complex would disappear. In short, democratization of access to the beaches point to only one solution—the collectivist one. And this solution is necessarily at war with the luxury of the private beach, which is a privilege that a small minority takes as their right at the expense of all.
"When it comes to people and the environment, Robeson County is becoming a sacrifice zone." We are hearing about the exploitation of families in trailer park communities in Red Springs, NC #TruthAndPovertyTourpic.twitter.com/aHwVe6p25r
Some are arguing that fares cannot be removed because bus service will be overburdened, so we must achieve better service first and attract riders that way.
This is a recipe for failure for several reasons:
Autosprawl generates profits. Sprawl means that each home has its own set of tools, toys, and appliances. These profits are threatened by public transit.
The auto and sprawl system (#autosprawl) has critical mass. Car costs are seen as necessary and buses are seen as an extra expense.
The forces behind autos and sprawl are very strong. They even get governments to invade countries to secure sources of oil.
In every community there is a marginal amount of people for whom the bus is a close option. Fare-free buses would immediately attract them. This would start a process where more riders mean that buses have more political backers. Only then can service improve.
Here is a list of locations that have fare-free public transit. In most cases ridership increased, sometimes dramatically, and in many cases service was subsequently expanded.
Rich countries like the US and Japan are struggling to make enough babies. As sizeable populations of older adults retire and age out of the workforce, younger people are having fewer kids. It's setting up a ticking demographic time bomb, readying to explode when there aren't enough young people to care and pay for what the older generation needs.
Falling birth rates are a real problem for capitalism, a system that relies on growth to keep up it's false promises of a comfortable life. Now cheap oil is gone, and growth is over. Young people cannot afford children. So who will take the fall?
Today's retirees spent their working lives making capitalists rich. Now, suddenly, there is no money to take care of them. Where did it go?
For a few decades the US took advantage of cheap oil and built massive suburbs. A lot of developers got rich.
Now the system needs repair. Roads, bridges, water lines, sewers, electric grid, schools, drainage, and such need maintenance or rebuilding. The profiteers are gone, there is no money to be made now. The urban tax base is no longer enough to support the suburbs.