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For anyone who is interested in CBD and how cannabis-derived products can be beneficial to our health, there is a lot of information around about the most common delivery methods such as vaping, CBD oil or taking capsules. Many people have also experienced the boom in more ‘casual’ CBD sources such as CBD cafes and restaurants or the sale of CBD edibles and drinks.

However, few people (especially in the UK) will have been aware of CBD dabs – a little known, but effective delivery method.

What are CBD Dabs?

Dabbing is a CBD delivery method that involves the heating up of the CBD and then inhaling its fumes. It is similar to vaping, except that the CBD product that you buy is far more concentrated than an e-liquid. The CBD or hemp material which is to be heated up usually comes in the form of wax, crumble or rocks – or somewhere amongst them.

In a similar way to vaping, the CBD material is heated up and then inhaled, meaning that the CBD goes straight into the bloodstream through the lungs, giving a quick effect. However, due to the fact that when you dab you are heating a substance with a high concentrate of CBD, you get a much higher dose, in a short amount of time compared to the other methods.

CBD dabs usually come in one of three main forms:

  •         CBD wax
  •         CBD crystal
  •         CBD shatter

Due to the fact that the CBD is more concentrated, there is less plant matter to burn and then inhale.

The Dabbing Process

To be able to dab your CBD, you first need to have a dab rig. This works in the same way as a bong. You can also dab with a vape pen for concentrates, e-rig or a wax atomiser.

CBD wax looks like wax, is added to the rig, heated and then inhaled.

CBD crystals are made from CBD isolate – the closest thing that you can get to pure CBD – which is purified and turned into crystal. It usually looks like a fine powder – like icing sugar. You add the crystals to the rig where you then heat it and inhale.

CBD shatter is solid and usually comes in the form of white, glass-like rocks. It is made using a filtration process and you will normally need to break it up into smaller amounts to be able to get your dosage right.

CBD ‘budder’ is another CBD substance which can be vaped, having the consistency of butter, is smoother and more malleable than wax.

CBD ‘crumble’ has a flaky consistency which is created during the production process – and is similar to CBD budder.

The easiest way to dab is by using a dab pen, which is very similar to a vape pen, except that it is possible to use other substances as well as e-liquid. The dabbing substance is then placed onto the coil which heats up, and the smoke from this is then inhaled. Alternately, you can use a bong-type contraption, which is also known as a dab rig.

This process will give you a quick hit of fast-acting, effective CBD, without making you high as there is no THC involved.

Some of the advantages of dabbing

There are many reasons why some people prefer dabbing their CBD, rather than other delivery methods. In fact, dabbing is becoming increasingly popular as people begin to see what options are available to them.

Some of the advantages of dabbing include:

  •         It takes effect very quickly
  •         As dabbing products are made from pure CBD, you will most likely not have even a trace of the other cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, like THC
  •         You will inhale less plant matter
  •         Scientists believe that dabbing is less harmful than smoking
  •         If you are using a dab or vape pen, this method can be very discrete
  •         The CBD is pure, and you don’t consume extra sugar or fat
Some of the disadvantages to dabbing

Just like any other delivery method, dabbing isn’t always for everyone. Dabbing might not be for you if:

  •         You are looking for a slow, gradual release of CBD throughout the day – capsules or edibles might be a better option
  •         You want to get the benefits of the other cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids in the cannabis plant
  •         You are concerned about being around high temperatures
  •         You are worried about mess – it can be a bit sticky
  •         Some people are put off by the appearance of dabbing
  •         It can be a bit more expensive than other CBD products – but remember that CBD dabs will also have a higher concentration of CBD.
CBD Dosing

Due to the fact that CBD dab products have a high concentration of CBD, a small difference in the amount that you are taking can mean quite a large difference in dose. If you are starting out dabbing, remember that the CBD product is very potent and will give you a hit all at once. For this reason, it is recommended that you start off with a low dosage and gradually increase it until you feel that it is being most effective for you.

If you are buying dabbing products from a reputable producer, they will be able to tell you exactly how much CBD (and other compounds) are included in the product. This can help you to accurately calculate the dosage that you are taking.

The taboo of dabbing

Despite its effectiveness as a CBD delivery method, and it’s rise in popularity, dabbing is still coming up against some obstacles in breaking the taboo. The fact that many people will use a bong or burn rocks can give it the appearance of being a sinister, illicit drug – whilst we all know that CBD is not.

It is the compound, THC, which is the compound in the cannabis plant that will make you high and taking CBD in (arguably) its purest form, is perhaps the method which is actually the least likely to make you high.

However, for people who are looking for higher amounts of CBD which can act quickly and effectively, dabbing is a great option. Anyone who has been in the world of CBD and cannabis-derived products will be only too aware of the continuing fight against these sort of stigmas and will carry on fighting until everybody who is able to benefit from the qualities of CBD is able to get it and take it in the most effective way for them.

Some general points about dabbing CBD

Dabbing is an effective way to get your CBD, being especially useful to people who want to feel its effects quickly. In the same way as vaping, the CBD enters quickly into the bloodstream, through the lungs, but in contrast to vaping, the amount that you get will be much higher.

Dabbing products can also be added to food or even put under the tongue for a different way of taking CBD (although its effectiveness and delivery time will also change).

If you are thinking about trying CBD for the first time, it is important that you speak to your doctor beforehand as it can affect how the body processes certain medicines – possibly making them more, or less effective.

Dabbing is a good delivery option for many people, and as we see it rise in popularity both in the UK and around the world, the hope is that we can not only see it being more accepted by general society, but also more available to those who would benefit from it.

The post All You Need to Know about CBD Dabs appeared first on CBD Resource.

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The cannabis plant is jam-packed full of compounds that scientists believe can be beneficial to the human body. With its blend of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, the cannabis plant has been hailed for thousands of years by some cultures as being magical and highly medicinal, but it is only in the past couple of decades that the western world has started to get a better understanding of the potential of the plant.

One of the most exciting potentials for cannabis is that fact that its natural compounds can interact with the human endocannabinoid system. However, the fact that one of the cannabinoids – THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is psychoactive and can make you high, can be off-putting to some people.

This begs the question, are there any other plants that can give us the same potential health benefits that cannabis can? It would seem strange, after all, if you couldn’t find the different compounds in other plants – albeit in different combinations and strengths.

What compounds are there in the cannabis plant?

The cannabis plant is made up of compounds such as cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids. Due to the fact that the plant has been cultivated and changed over thousands of years, there are almost an infinite number of different combinations of these compounds.

Two of the main compounds that are found naturally and abundantly in the plant are CBD and THC.

Cultivators have, however, over the years bred cannabis plants with very low levels of THC which allows people to benefit from the goodness of most of the cannabis compounds without getting high – this particular strain is called hemp – and is the plant that most CBD products are made from.

Cannabinoids

In addition to CBD and THC (which are present in the form of CBDA and THCA), some of the other main cannabinoids which are found in cannabis include CBGA (Cannabigerolic acid), CBCA (Cannabichromene acid), CBGVA (Cannabigerovarinic acid) and CBDVA (Cannabidivarinic acid).

Although there don’t seem to be any plants that we know about which have the major cannabinoids which are found in cannabis, naturally present, there do seem to be some plants which have compounds which interact with the endocannabinoid system in a similar way to CBD and THC. These are called cannabimimetic.

Some of these include:

  •         Echinacea – This contains compounds which are similar to CBD in that they can interact with the CB2 receptor in the endocannabinoid system. This means that it can help to be effective in regulating inflammation and the immune system.[1]
  •         Helichrysum Umbraculigerum – This plant comes from South Africa and has been used in African medicine for years to help to reduce inflammation. Helichrysum umbraculigerum contains a compound which is similar to CBG.[2]
  •         Black pepper – Beta-caryophyllene is a cannabinoid which is present in black pepper and which is said to have pain relieving properties as well as anti-inflammatory. Scientists also believe that black pepper can help to make anti-cancer drugs more effective [3]. Just imagine that as you are sprinkling it over your dinner this evening!
  •         Chocolate – We have known for years that chocolate can have a positive effect on our mood. One of the reasons for this is that it contains chemicals such as anandamide, theobromine, phenylethylamine and tryptophan – which are all chemicals which can make us happy. It also contains FAAH which is a chemical which interacts with the endocannabinoid system and inhibits the breakdown of anandamide – keeping you happier for longer! [4]
  •         Electric Daisy – The electric daisy plant – native to the Amazon is said to have strong pain relieving qualities due to N-isobutylamides – compounds which are found in the plant which are similar to cannabinoids. Scientists believe that the CB2 receptor is stimulated by the compound to get this effect. [5] There is substantial research being carried out at the moment to investigate the use of electric daisy for relieving toothache.
  •         Liverwort – Although it doesn’t give you the same high, liverwort mimics THC by interacting with CB1 receptors. This is the perrottetinenic acid and according to research, can help with all kinds of digestive problems. [6]
Terpenes

Terpenes are compounds in the plant which have a major contribution to its smell, as well as helping to protect it. There are aromatic molecules which are mainly there to attract pollinators and repel attackers.

Although there is a complex concoction of terpenes in the cannabis plant, there are many which are also found in others, including:

  •         Pinene – Also found in pine needles, parsley, rosemary, dill and basil, and with potential effects of helping with anxiety, pain, anti-inflammatory and is anti-fungal. [7]
  •         Myrcene – Also found in hops, mango, thyme and lemongrass, and has the potential to help with easing pain and inflammation. [8]
  •         Limonene – Also found in fruit rinds, peppermint, juniper and rosemary, and research shows that it can help to treat and prevent cancer and bronchitis. [9]
  •         Caryophyllene – Also found in cinnamon, cloves and black pepper and with the potential effect of pain relief and being anti-inflammatory. [10]
Flavonoids

Flavonoids are compounds in the plant that are responsible for giving it its colour as well as helping to protect it from UV light from the sun, and hungry herbivores.

Although there are some flavonoids which are found uniquely in cannabis, there are also others which are present in the cannabis plant, that can also be found in other plants, including:

  •         Quercetin – Also found in many fruits and vegetables, wine, green tea and ginkgo biloba, and is said to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties as well as being able to help with diabetes and killing cancer cells. [11]
  •         Catechins – Also found in cocoa, tea and berries which is said to be a strong antioxidant.[12]
  •         Orientin – Also found in bamboo leaves, passionflower and flax, and is said to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties as well as being neuroprotective, anti-depressant and protecting the heart. [13]
  •         Apigenin – Also found in parsley, basil, oregano, celery and chamomile, which is said to help to reduce cancer, anxiety and suppressing inflammatory responses. [14]

It is clear to see that most of the compounds that are found in the cannabis plant can also be found in other plants. However, although compounds can be found in alternative places, that doesn’t necessarily mean that they would be as effective as they would be in cannabis.

One thing that cannabis research has taught us is that although some substances are good on their own, often they become more effective as part of something else. This also, of course, can also apply to the other plants. This phenomenon – known as the ‘entourage effect’ is an important concept in the world of botanicals.

Although there appears to be a number of different plants which can give you each compound individually, it is only cannabis which can give you this combination, with its own specific effects.

If you are thinking about trying CBD or other cannabis-derived products – or any of the other compounds mentioned, it is important that you speak to your doctor first – especially if you are taking medication. These compounds can have a strong effect on the body and can sometimes affect medication which is being taken.

You should never stop taking medication unless instructed by your doctor.

The power of nature is very strong, not only in cannabis but in other plants as well. Thankfully, with the research that has led the way to make CBD products available to many of us today, we will hopefully see more and more information about how all of its compounds can be beneficial to us.

Sources

1 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2931553/

2 https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/helichrysum

3 https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/black-pepper

4 https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2kk1604c

5 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4827075/

6 https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-37/liverwort

7 https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/pinene

8 https://www.fundacion-canna.es/en/anti-inflammatory-anti-nociceptive-properties-v-myrcene

9 https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1105/limonene

10 https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/caryophyllene

11 https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-294/quercetin

12 https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/catechin

13 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4889806/

14 https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/apigenin

The post Can the Goodness from Cannabis be Found in Other Plants? appeared first on CBD Resource.

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Society is getting to the point – gradually – where we cannot ignore the evidence for much longer about the real benefits of the cannabis plant. Since the 1990s, research has been slowly ramped up to give us more and more evidence about cannabis and the substances which make it up, so much so that the time is coming where it can no longer be overlooked.

We are being sent mixed messages from the authorities about cannabis, THC and CBD and this is simply not fair. That is not to say that it is done on purpose, just that there seems to a lot of confusion about cannabis and that, frankly, the authorities are unable to keep up with it.

Those with an astute interest in the cannabis and CBD industry will be aware that a vegan restaurant in Brighton who was one of the first people to start selling CBD infused food has been shut down and raided. Of course, there are always two sides to every story, but it would appear that they were being accused of selling Class B drugs, there is seemingly little evidence to suggest that they were selling anything other than CBD products.

CBD and THC – what’s the deal?

Within the cannabis plant, there are a number of compounds. Two of the main ones are known as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). These are known as cannabinoids and have only relatively been discovered by scientists who were looking into the effects of cannabis.

Technology has meant that we are now able to separate out these compounds and look at them – and their effect on us – individually. From this research, scientists have discovered a whole new system in the body – the endocannabinoid system – which helps to regulate a number of biological factors including the immune system, the central nervous system, body temperature and some aspects of the digestive system.

Whilst we are able to see that these cannabinoids can have a (sometimes) significant effect on the body, we are still waiting for more research to be carried out before we can start to make medicinal claims.

CBD and THC are very similar in molecular structure but actually can have very different effects on the body due to their relationships with different parts of the endocannabinoid system. For example, THC can bind to the CB1 receptors, offering many health benefits, but also sending a message to the brain that gives you that famous marijuana ‘high’. CBD, on the other hand, interacts with (but does not bind to) the CB2 receptor affecting the way that it works, and therefore offering different health benefits and absolutely not making you feel high.

As a result of this research, we have seen in the UK:

  1. a)       A legalisation of CBD
  2. b)      THC in levels above 0.2% being illegal and therefore getting a reputation of being a ‘recreational drug’ and therefore bad
  3. c)       A strange limbo where CBD producers can advertise it as a food supplement to make you feel healthier, but being unable to make any medicinal claims
  4. d)      A rising number of high street shops and restaurants selling CBD products or food
  5. e)      Massive British pharmaceutical companies being legally allowed to produce ‘medical marijuana’ products – which are mostly exported – with high THC and CBD levels, available on prescription for a very low number of people
  6. f)        The inability of patients – or their parents (as these are often used to treat children) to get hold of these medications due to the lack of training and reluctance of the medical profession to prescribe these legal medications

And, as you can imagine, this is creating quite a confusion amongst the general public.

The closure of Canna Kitchen

It appears that Canna Kitchen, a vegan restaurant in Brighton seems to have fallen victim of this immense confusion. The restaurant was launched when the law changed in November 2018 to become one of the first of its kind in the UK to serve CBD infused food to the general public.

According to its director, the police and the UK Trading Standards Agency had both been approached and confirmed that they were ok to open. Only to find themselves a few months later being accused

of dealing Class B drugs.

The restaurant maintains that there has been a confusion between the CBD rich products that they have – with legal THC levels – and illegal marijuana – which is high in THC.

Regardless of the legalities of the substance that the restaurant was using this highlights the whole situation which is facing those who want to produce, sell, buy or use cannabis-derived products.

Utter confusion.

Cannabis oil Mums

Only today (7th June) we have seen another mother who is having to take life-changing decisions to get their child the medication that they need. The case of Julie Galloway [1] highlights just how difficult it is for parents of very sick children to get hold of medication which can change the quality of life for their children many times over.

She has found it impossible to find a doctor who will prescribe the cannabis oil (which is legal in the UK) and now feels that she has no other option than to move to live in the Netherlands. These mixed signs from the authorities are at best frustrating, infuriating and heartbreaking for parents – as well as pushing many to break the law.

Lack of Long Term Research

One of the main arguments that come from the authorities with regards to cannabis and its derived products is that there just isn’t enough research to back up the medicinal claims. The fact that it is only recently that cannabis has begun to be properly investigated means we are lacking evidence, especially on its long term effects on people.

However, what is difficult to accept is the lack of clarity and apparent mixed messages that are being sent out.

Why did the authorities give a CBD kitchen the right to open, and then shut them down before checking THC levels in their cannabis (or hemp as claimed by them) stock?

Why are medicinal marijuana products legal to prescribe while doctors don’t have the knowledge and training for them to be comfortable prescribing it?

The two cases above are typical cases, but they are not the only ones. Regardless of the specific circumstances around each one, the issue still remains – there is a noticeable lack of clarity, and indeed a perceived double standard around the legal cannabis industry.

A plant with (apparently) so much potential, of course, must be thoroughly investigated before making it available across the market, however, for many of these (often) children who could potentially benefit from CBD, THC or a mixture of the two, the problem is now. With the lure of the knowledge that they are available now but hitting a brick wall in actually getting a prescription this almost seems to be mocking.

It is understandable that we must endeavour to get the legal authorities working alongside advances in the CBD and cannabis industry. However, this doesn’t seem to be happening properly, and it appears that this is where we are seeing so much confusion for producers and those who are wanting to sell it, those who can prescribe it, people who want to consume it and even those who are meant to be policing it.

For us to be able to move forward it is important that we get some sort of clarity of what we can and can’t do and say with cannabis, CBD and THC. Only then will we feel that we are able to take advantage of the benefits that the cannabis plant has to offer us.

Sources

1 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-glasgow-west-48447082

The post The Problem with Cannabis in the UK at the Moment (it isn’t the cannabis) appeared first on CBD Resource.

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CBD Resource by Joe Leigh - 3w ago

Hemp has had its ups and downs throughout the years but remains an essential material used for the production of a range of products. Although its legality remains a controversial topic around the world, the plant can significantly limit the use of other material such as wood or cotton, which is more difficult to reproduce and related to environmental concerns.

We have prepared an extensive list of 50 top facts about hemp, which is a great way to get to know the plant better and discover its wide range of capabilities and uses.

Enjoy!

Hemp belongs to the Cannabis Sativa family, just like Marijuana. Although marijuana and hemp are not identical in chemical makeup and properties, they both originate from the same plant family and are classified as cannabis.

Hemp contains only 1% THC. THC is the psychoactive compound found in cannabis, which is responsible for the “high” effect of consuming the herb or the mind-altering experiences associated with the plant. In hemp, THC levels are as low as 1%, making the plant preferable and more legal in comparison to marijuana.

Hemp consumption will not get you high.

The first hemp domestication evidence stems back to 10,000 years ago. This is when the plant was turned into usable fiber.

Dried hemp includes 57% cellulose. This is the same substance found in green vegetables like cucumber.

The uses of hemp are infinite. The plant’s parts are used for the creation of different products, which are all useful and important in our everyday lives. For instance, hemp can be used for animal bedding, litter, and mulch. It can also be used to create paint, creams, and plastic.

Hemp oil can be used in the kitchen. For the culinary lovers out there it would be interesting to find out that hemp oil can be used for cooking.

You can eat, grind, or drink hemp. There is a consumption method available for everyone when it comes to hemp. You can eat it raw or grind it on top of your favorite meal. If you are more fond of beverages, you can try hemp milk or hemp juice.

Hemp is nutritious. Hemp provides a diverse range of valuable nutritious benefits to the body. Hemp seeds consist of 5% carbs, 49% fat, and 31% protein.

In terms of amino acids, hemp compares to meat, milk, eggs, and soy. That’s right! If you are not very fond of eating milk or meat you can use hemp as a substitute to gain the necessary amino acids for your body.

Hemp also contains vitamin B, manganese, phosphorous, magnesium, zinc, iron, and dietary fiber. You can already see how beneficial for the body this plant can be if consumed accordingly.

Hemp contains high doses of CBD. CBD or cannabidiol is a cannabinoid with a range of health benefits for the human body.

CBD in hemp is related to the treatment of cancer. There is a diverse set of research available on the topic.

CBD communicates with the endocannabinoid system. CBD found in hemp can trigger certain responses in the body through communication with the receptors found in our endocannabinoid system.

The endocannabinoid system’s receptors are essential! They are responsible for certain functions such as motor control, mood, appetite, hormone release, and more.

Hemp oil is beneficial for the hormonal balance in the body.

Hemp oil can help with dry skin or other skin problems.

Its nutritious characteristics make it a perfect supplement for vegans and vegetarians. Hemp includes a lot of omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids, which are usually in limited amounts in vegetarians as they are mostly found in seafood.

Hemp is successful in decreasing cholesterol. You can help your metabolism work faster and therefore lower your cholesterol levels due to the balanced ratio of polyunsaturated fats.

Hemp is widely used in fashion. This may come as a surprise but hemp is also used for clothes and ropes and compares to linen in terms of texture. You can even find hemp jewelry on the market today.

It is also used in construction. Hemp even successfully enters the construction arena and can be used as insulation in houses. Hempcrete or the product created with lime to produce the concrete-like material can be a substitute for wood and be a solid foundation for breathable and long-lasting houses.

The plant is even used in car manufacturing! A number of car manufacturers, including Audi, BMW, Ford, GM, Honda, Mitsubishi, Porsche, Mercedes, Volkswagen, and more use hemp in their cars for composite panels.

There is 20kg of hemp in every Mercedes G-class produced. Think about this next time you get into a G-class for an even better experience.

Hemp was used as the raw material for making paper. Hemp was, therefore, an essential material for the making of banknotes, credit bills, postal stamps, and bonds.

Hemp grows much faster than trees. Hemp takes 4 months to grow while most trees take between 20-50 years.

Hemp is a much better material for papermaking when compared to wood.

Hemp can be used as a purifier. The plant is actively used to purify wastewater and soil.

It is also successful in reducing the harmful effects of radioactivity. Hemp was used after the Chernobyl nuclear disaster to reduce the disastrous effects of radioactivity.

Hemp can kill other unwanted or harmful weed. The plant has the ability to help in crop rotation in killing the useless weed.

Hemp can be used to produce fuel. The plant is even popular in the field of biofuel.

Rudolf Diesel planned to use hemp oil and other vegetable oils to support the Diesel engine. It turns out that most products originating from hemp are non-toxic, renewable, and decomposed by bacteria or other organisms.

Before 1937, hemp was the main ingredient for producing paint. As much as 58,000 tons of the material was used for paint production in America during the time period.

China and ancient Egypt actively farmed hemp 10,000 years ago.

Eminent historic figures also grew hemp. Did you know that George Washington and Thomas Jefferson cultivated and grew the plant?

Thomas Jefferson trafficked hemp seeds from China to America through France. Although the journey was long, the end goal was worth it!

There was a hemp war. The plant was so important and lucrative back in the days that disputes over it resulted in a hemp war. During the time, Napoleon wanted to stop Moscow from exporting the plant to England.

Benjamin Franklin was especially interested in hemp. As the first person to possess a paper mill in America, Benjamin Franklin wanted to obtain more hemp as he used it for the production of paper.

Van Gogh’s Gainsborough was made on hemp canvas. In fact, 80% textiles and fabrics used during the 1820s were made from hemp.

The first Bibles, maps, and flags were made from hemp! This fact certainly brings a whole new level of appreciation for the plant.

Hemp plastic was used for Henry Ford’s Model T. The reason for using the material is that it is ten times safer to use than steel in terms of strength.

Henry Ford called his Model T “the car grown from the soil”. The intention was to make is completely organic and use hemp fuel for the car.

In 1937, hemp was announced as “The Most Profitable And Desirable Crop That Can Be Grown”. So why is it still illegal in different parts of the world?

Hemp is widely confused with marijuana and its psychoactive effects. Due to its classification as a Cannabis Sativa plant, there is a lot of confusion preventing more than 30,000 useful products being created from the plant.

The plant was legalized for cultivation in 1937 because of WWII. Because of material shortages, a change in legislation allowed the cultivation of hemp during the time.

Going back in time, rejecting to grow hemp in the 17th and 18th centuries was illegal. You could even go to jail if you refused to grow hemp.

From 1631 to the 1800s you could even pay your taxes with hemp in America. Imagine this happening today, cool right?

In 1970, the government announced hemp as a threatening drug and placed it under Schedule 1 of The Controlled Substances Act of 1970. This prohibited all cultivation of hemp in the country.

The punishment for growing an acre of hemp in the US after The Controlled Substance Act of 1970 was death.

Consuming hemp may not be ideal for everyone. Certain health conditions such as prostate cancer may require special attention to hemp consumption as the plant stimulates the growth of new cells.

There are certain side effects associated with hemp consumption. Consumers have provided feedback related to nausea, diarrhea, or cramps as a result of consuming higher doses of hemp.

The post 50 Facts About Hemp appeared first on CBD Resource.

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The marijuana industry is booming and gaining more and more popularity, especially due to its active presence in the medical industry. Countries such as Canada, Spain, Italy, and a number of US states have already opened up towards the precious herb and have legalized cannabis for medical use. Recreational marijuana is also receiving a more liberal approach and is slowly being legalized in an increasing number of countries around the world.

Cannabis research has revealed a number of valuable characteristics of the herb which can be of significant importance to the medical industry. The plant has proven to have capabilities of helping in the treatment of cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, obesity, nausea, sleep disorders, and more. If you’ve done some research on medical marijuana or have had a consultation with an expert regarding a potential treatment, chances are that you have been introduced to Rick Simpson Oil, another form of cannabis available on the market. But what is hidden behind the name of the oil and what exactly are its uses?

In this article, we’ll share with you everything you need to know about Rick Simpson oil, including the way the oil received its name, its benefits, and uses for the human body.

Who is Rick Simpson?

One of the first questions that may come to mind once reading the name of the oil is who is Rick Simpson and why do we have a marijuana oil named after him today? The story of Rick Simpson’s life is intriguing and has almost accidentally led to the creation of the name Rick Simpson oil.

Rick Simpson was a marijuana activist who worked as an engineer in a boiler room in a Canadian hospital in 1997, where he was tasked with covering the asbestos on the pipes with potent aerosol glue. Due to the poor ventilation in the boiler room, Rick Simpson suffered a collapse as a result of the toxic fumes which temporarily damaged his nervous system, leading to an instant shock. Falling unconscious off a ladder and hitting his head, Rick failed to recover and continued feeling dizziness and an unpleasant ringing in his year for years after the incident.

After the accident, Rick Simpson accidentally watched a documentary on cannabis and its range of therapeutic effects for the body. Inspired by the information he had heard, he contacted his doctor to ask for cannabis-related treatment for his condition. However, his doctor did not agree that cannabis treatment was an alternative for him. Rick refused to listen to his doctor and on his own responsibility acquired cannabis and began his treatment. The results Rick saw were certainly positive.

However, years later, he noticed the appearance of three bumps on his arm, which were later confirmed to be tumor formations and he was diagnosed with skin cancer. As cannabis had helped him so much in the mast, Rick Simpson again began his research on the plant to establish whether there were any positive signs of the plant treating cancer. His findings based on research uncovered that THC (the main psychoactive substance found in cannabis) was related to killing cancer cells in mice.

He decided to try curing his condition by applying concentrated cannabis oil to a bandage and positioning it on the bumps and leaving it to work its wonders for a few days. After four days, the cancer bumps were no longer to be seen.

Rick Simpson had a difficult time proving to his doctors that the treatment was thanks to the cannabis oil but the experience turned him into a true cannabis enthusiast who fondly believed in the potential of the plant. Rick Simpson started producing his own cannabis and later created his unique cannabis concentrate, which today is known as the Rick Simpson oil, or RSO.

Rick Simpson Oil Explained

What separates Rick Simpson oil from other varieties of cannabis oil is its high concentration of THC RSO is a potent full extract cannabis oil, meaning that nothing is added or separated from the original chemical composition of the plant. In addition, patients who consume Rick Simpson oil are exposed to the full spectrum benefits of the product. Furthermore, RSO oil is completely decarboxylated, meaning that the THC-A is activated or turned into a psychoactive substance, leading to the “high” effect of consuming marijuana. Although this may not be advisable in some cases where patients suffer from mental conditions, in other cases the high can be a pleasant and mind-altering experience.

RSO usually comes in a dark brown color and a distinct taste of cannabis itself. The main difference between CBD oil and RSO oil is in the concentration of THC. Most other forms of cannabis oil have little to no concentration of THC while RSO oil is extremely high in THC. Although THC has a range of medical benefits for the body, it is commonly considered as dangerous due to its psychoactive properties. As a result, the substance is tightly regulated and even in countries where cannabis has been legalized for medical uses, its consistency in products has been limited.

For instance, in the USA, cannabis products cannot contain more than 0.3% THC. From this perspective, Rick Simpson oil can cause controversial opinions regarding its legality. Rick Simpson himself does not sell the oil himself. Rather, he encourages enthusiasts or people suffering from certain conditions to produce their own oil by providing special instructions for the process.

RSO Oil Benefits

The main concept behind the creation of the oil was the treatment of cancer, as a result of the experience, Rick Simpson had with the condition. Rick Simpson oil is produced from a cannabis indica strain, which has substantial sedative and therapeutic effects on the body.

Apart from its positive effects on treating cancer, RSO oil is closely associated with treating conditions such as arthritis, asthma, diverse infections, inflammation, multiple sclerosis, depression, insomnia, anxiety, and high blood pressure. The effects of CBD and THC on cancer have been studied long before Rick Simpson created the RSO oil. In addition, the two cannabinoids had also been related to boosting the success of radiation treatment as they can help the cells receive radiation therapy better.

Research also demonstrates that CBD and THC can slow down the growth of cancer cells and their spread throughout the body. The cannabinoids are even capable of stopping cancer cells completely.

In basic terms, the Rick Simpson oil is said to have the same effects as the cannabinoid THC due to the high concentration of the substance in the product.

Potential Negative Effects and Risks of RSO Oil

On the other hand, other research shows that CBD and THC may actually be harmful to the body and may even help boost their grown, especially in the lungs and the brain. The effects of the compounds on the condition are noticed in the long-run and may not have any immediate symptoms, suggesting that the substance may be harmful.

There are, however, a few potential side effects registered from the consumption of THC in higher doses that are worth exploring. Symptoms such as paranoia, red eyes, drop in blood pressure, depression, sleep disorders, or damaged body function. Furthermore, research from 2007 suggested that patients treated with THC for paroxysmal pain, anxiety, allodynia, and other forms of pain did not report any significant improvement, which creates controversy with other research suggesting that THC is successful in treating pain.

One of the most concerning points to RSO oil is the making process. As mentioned earlier, cannabis enthusiasts are encouraged to create their own Rick Simpson oil, which includes toxic materials such as naphtha, petroleum, or isopropyl alcohol. The process demands special caution and one must be well prepared before starting to experiment with the oil.

Last but not least, the legality of RSO oil is questionable, especially in the USA. Although there may be regulated products on the market including cannabis substances, to produce RSO oil a certain type of cannabis is required, which may not be legally sold in your area.

The story of Rick Simpson oil is certainly interesting and worth exploring, especially if you are fond of the plant and are intrigued by its vast possibilities and benefits. However, RSO oil should be approached with caution and extensive research before trying the product, especially if you will be creating it homemade.

Thanks to the growing popularity of cannabis the market is slowly evolving and offering more and more products to choose from. ROS oil is one of the products which have proven to treat Rick Simpson’s and a number of patients’ health problems. However, it is advisable to speak to a professional before trying RSO oil as a treatment in order to understand fully its effects and risks.

Sources:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1159836

http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/64/6/1943.long#sec-10

http://www8.nationalacademies.org/onpinews/newsitem.aspx?RecordID=24625

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3202504/

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Cannabis has been around for thousands of years, with the first recorded use for it being in ancient China over 3000 years ago. Since then, it has almost certainly changed in one way or another, evolving over time, but we are seeing a new and alarming chapter in the story of cannabis hitting the streets.

The fast-growing CBD industry is a great example of how cannabis is changing, as we are seeing its boom with the surge of increasing scientific evidence about its benefits for the human body.

However, there are some things that are more sinister.

First created in labs in the 1980s, synthetic cannabis was meant to be about getting a better understanding of how cannabinoids affect the human body. However, the cannabinoids that were created didn’t quite mimic natural cannabis exactly and it suddenly got into the hands of experimental, curious people who were looking for the next thing in all things cannabis.

What are synthetic cannabinoids?

Having carried out extensive research on the cannabis plant and how it affects the human body, researchers have discovered that the cannabinoids which are in the plant can interact with the human endocannabinoid system. This is a system which consists of three elements – endocannabinoids which are made naturally by the body, cannabinoid receptors and enzymes which break down the endocannabinoids.

When some of the compounds in cannabis (CBD or THC, for example) are taken, they can interact with the endocannabinoid system, giving your health and well-being a boost as well as possibly being able to help with some other health problems.

THC – or tetrahydrocannabinol – is the compound in marijuana that when it binds to one of the cannabinoid receptors it sends a message to the brain which gives you the ‘high’ that we associate with cannabis. This is why in many countries, other cannabinoids in the plant (like CBD) are legal – as they won’t make you high – but THC at higher levels is illegal – as it will make you high.

Synthetic cannabinoids were designed to mimic some of these cannabinoids, giving the user the ‘high’ by binding to these cannabinoid receptors in a similar way to THC. These synthetic cannabinoids, however, have nothing to do with the cannabis plant (hence the name ‘synthetic’) and were effectively made in a lab. They come in two forms – either as dried plant material which is smoked or as an e-liquid which can then be vaporised using an e-pen.

How are synthetic cannabinoids made and what do they do to you?

Synthetic cannabinoids which are to be smoked are made by spraying the chemical onto dried plant material which is then packaged to be smoked. The e-liquid uses the same chemicals which are infused into a ‘vape juice’ which is then put into an e-pen and vaped.

Synthetic cannabinoids were originally sold as ‘legal highs’ in the UK. Now they have been prohibited under the 2016 Psychoactive Substances Act. They are most commonly known as ‘Spice’ or ‘K2’, but can also be known as ‘Black Mambo’, ‘Kronic juice’, ‘Joker’, ‘fake weed’ or ‘Kush’ amongst others.

Just as anything else on the black market, synthetic cannabinoids are changing in nature and vaping is a bit of a new kid on the block. Vaping can be a lot subtler than smoking and can often be disguised. It also means that unscrupulous people can put chemicals into e-liquid that consumers don’t even know is there, with very dangerous consequences for their health and even their lives.

These synthetic cannabinoids are often marketed as being ‘natural’ but actually, they are nothing of the sort. By being ‘natural’, we are given the impression that it is safe to take, and, also, it is nothing of the sort. There is a reason why synthetic cannabinoids can also be called the ‘zombie drug’ and this is because, although impacting on the same system as cannabis, that’s about where the similarity ends. The ‘zombie’ reference is linked to the zombie-like state that many users find themselves in.

The effects of synthetic cannabinoids

The effects of synthetic cannabinoids can be severe and life-threatening. It is also highly addictive, earning itself another nickname – ‘spack’ – in reference to its similarities to crack cocaine.

Some of the effects of spice and other synthetic cannabinoids include:

· It can make you feel happy and relaxed – hence why people take it and become quickly addicted

· Kidney damage

· Liver damage

· Psychosis

· Heart attack

· Stroke

· Anxiety, paranoia and suicidal thoughts

· Vomiting

· Aggression

They can also present extremely strong withdrawal symptoms, making it very difficult to come off.

Another important thing to note about synthetic cannabinoids is that they are forever changing to try to get around the law. This means that unless you have a testing lab in your back garden you are never really going to be sure of what chemicals you are actually going to be consuming. They are unregulated and unpredictable.

Many drug testing labs will not pick up on some synthetic cannabinoids meaning that the reason why many people try it in the first place is to get around detection for cannabis use.

And herein lies the problem.

Many people try synthetic cannabinoids as an alternative to cannabis. Believing that it is safe, natural, and undetectable by drug testing. However, it can be very addictive, life-threatening and the complete opposite of ‘natural’.

Synthetic cannabinoids and cannabis

In actual fact, synthetic cannabinoids and cannabis have almost nothing to do with each other. Apart from the fact that they can both affect the cannabinoid system and some of the effects of taking synthetic cannabinoids are similar to taking high THC cannabis, this is where the similarities end.

With an industry such as the cannabis and CBD industry, it is a shame that they are so closely linked, as this places another obstacle in the way of changing the stigma and attitudes towards the cannabis plant in its natural state – a plant which can be highly beneficial to many people’s health.

It is important for the cannabis industry to try to distance itself from synthetic cannabinoids – a feat which isn’t helped by it having names such as ‘fake cannabis’ or ‘fake weed’ – to enable it to be more widely accepted by society as a whole.

Changes in the cannabis laws

One of the main reasons why many people turn to synthetic cannabinoids like K2 or spice is because it doesn’t show up on a lot of drug tests. People who are looking for the effects of marijuana (with high THC levels) can believe that synthetic cannabinoids can give them the same effect but without them getting into trouble with the law or at work. In actual fact, they can get into far worse trouble with their health – or even life.

According to the Office for National Statistics [1], the number of deaths which have occurred including synthetic cannabinoids between 2015 and 2016 in England and Wales increased from 8 to 27. This number then rocketed from 2017 to 2018 to 818 cases which are caused by ‘new psychoactive substances’.

One of the most logical ways to deal with this pending crisis is by changing the laws about real cannabis. If by making it legal to use real, natural and safe cannabis, although it is unlikely that we will eliminate synthetic cannabinoids completely, it is likely that we can help to prevent a lot of people from turning to it – almost without realising what they are letting themselves in for.

Sources

1 https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/datasets/deathsrelatedtodrugpoisoningbyselectedsubstances

The post What are Synthetic Cannabinoids and Why are People Talking about Them? appeared first on CBD Resource.

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CBD Resource by Joe Leigh - 3w ago

Hemp is a cannabis plant with an extremely rich history and a potential problem solver for a wide range of issues. Looking back in time, during the 1930s the plant was announced as the billion dollar crop and was actively used by Henry Ford for the production of his Mobile T car. However, hemp has had its strong and weak periods through time. With the plant once being an obligatory crop for farmers, in 1937 the Marijuana Tax Act completed stopped the cultivation of the crop and killed the industry.

Due to a dangerous shortage of necessary materials during WWII, the cultivation of hemp was once again revived. Its properties make it a perfect alternative for making rope, clothes, different types of fabric, paper, and more. Unfortunately, once the war was over, hemp was again prohibited for growth and treated as a harmful drug, under the same category as marijuana. The announcement became official in 1970 when President Nixon added the crop to the Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act.

Is hemp legal today?

In 2013, Colorado was the first U.S. state to legalize the production of industrial hemp once again and under the 2014 Farm Bill, U.S. farmers were again allowed to grow hemp in states, where regulators legalized the production of the crop. From 2014 until 2019, the hemp industry has expanded from zero to 75,000 acres and the future of the plant looks bright.

Expectations for 2019 include a potential rise of 100,000 to 20,000 acres, depending on the demand and the seed supply. In order to successfully continue growing the plant, there is an urgent need for modern and innovative genetics, education, and infrastructure to support the activity. Today, the top countries for hemp cultivation include China, Canada, USA, France, Chile, and North Korea. But what are the main reasons for growing hemp and what is the actual process behind cultivation?

Reasons to grow hemp

Before sharing with you all you need to know about growing hemp, let’s explore why you would want to cultivate the crop in the first place. Apart from its ability to sequester carbon, decrease agricultural pollution, and provide significant profits for farmers, there are additional reasons behind the crop’s cultivation.

Hemp cultivation requires fewer resources.

Hemp is considered an extremely sustainable crop, mainly due to its ability to grow with fewer resources and special care. When compared to corn, of instance, the herb requires much less water, pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizer, making it preferable from a cultivator’s perspective. With a rich list of uses, hemp is considered a top resource to have and a friendly to the environment alternative to other crops.

Hemp has many uses.

The crop can not only be used for human purposes but it can also serve as a great raw material to feed livestock with, to biofuel production, textiles, or paper. The vast range of areas, in which hemp can be used is difficult to cover in a few words. For example, the crop is a successful isolator and can be used in construction. It can be used for the creation of building materials such as hempcrete.

Hemp is also used in fashion for the creation of cloth and different textures. The plant is especially popular for having a dominant role in sailing back in the days as the majority of ropes were made from hemp.

Hemp can be consumed and has a range of benefits for the human body.

The oil produced from the seeds can also be used for culinary purposes as it is highly nutritious and offers a range of sources essential to the body, like healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals. In addition, hemp can play an important role in cosmetics as it can hydrate the skin and be the perfect natural alternative for fresh and young-looking skin.

Another use of hemp, one that can be probably considered the cherry on top, is its medical features. A lot of hemp cultivators are actively focusing on breeding hemp with the aim of entering the medical arena, due to the useful compounds called cannabinoids, which are found within the plant. Hemp is low in THC – the psychoactive compound found in cannabis but is extremely rich in CBD (cannabidiol), which is a cannabinoid with special importance to the human body.

CBD oil is booming around the world.

CBD oil, a popular and trendy cannabis product available in a number of countries for consumption, is predominantly made from hemp. CBD oil can be made from all cannabis plants but producers prefer to choose hemp as the plant contains more CBD and less THC concentration in comparison to marijuana, which contains more THC. Sophisticated extraction methods allow producers to separate the THC from the CBD cannabinoids but the process is often expensive and time-consuming.

What you need to know about growing hemp

The process behind growing hemp is certainly rich and interesting. It is worth noting that there are different types of industrial hemp, including oilseed, fiber, and hybrid. The last type is usually used for dual purposes and results in both fiber and seed.

Suitable climate for hemp cultivation

Hemp requires warm weather and will not thrive in desert conditions or mountain regions. What is specific about hemp is that it will bloom if the length of the day is less than 12 hours. In other words, hemp is considered a short day plant. This will occur during different months of the year depending on the location.

Hemp genders

The plant is dioecious and therefore includes both genders – male and female. The two differ in terms of growth rates. While male plants bloom and die earlier and faster, female plants flower at a later time period. This causes a separation between the two genders and most cultivators will breed predominantly female plants to avoid negative impacts, secure the harvesting of more seeds, and ensure more fiber productions.

The best soil for growing hemp

Although it is generally believed that hemp can survive in any soil, this is not exactly the case. The best choice of soil for the successful cultivation of hemp is on loose, well-aerated loam soil. In the ideal scenario, the soil will have enough organic matter and will be highly fertile. The advice is to ensure a pH of 6.0-7.5. Experiments reveal that hemp does not breed well in poorly-drained clay or soils with no structure. Alternatively, the plant can also grow in sandy soils but will require additional irrigation and fertilization, which may sometimes be a costly activity.

Planting the hemp seeds

Hemp seeds are believed to survive any temperature as long as it is not freezing. However, for best results, experts suggest soil temperatures of 46°–50°F or 7°-10°C. Ideally, the seeds should be planted once the risk of freezes has past and just before the ideal time for planting corn arrives. To ensure good growth towards the early phases of cultivation, rainfall of about 25-30 inches per year is ideal.

The actual planting process should start by preparing the seedbed. Cultivators should ensure a fine, level, and firm seedbed and plant the seed at around 0.75 to 1.25 inches. You could try planting the seed deeper into the soil but the risk of damping- off will be higher.

Depending on the hemp type that you will be planting (oilseed, fiber, or hybrid), the seeding rate will vary. While oilseeds are typically seeded at a rate of 25-40lb/acre, with 27,000 seeds per pound, fiber crops are planted at a rate between 40-80lb/acre.

Ensuring the right fertility

To produce hemp, cultivators will need to ensure around 100-130lb of nitrogen per acre, 45-70lb or phosphorus per acre, and 35-80lb of potash per acre. Especially regarding seed production, nitrogen fertilization is essential. In addition, phosphorus levels should have medium to high quantities, sulfur should be >5,000 ppm, while calcium should not be found in high quantities (<6,000 ppm). Check the organic matter in the soil and ensure it exceeds 3.5%.

Rotations

Although you can grow hemp on the same land for a couple of years, pests and especially worms can pose a challenge. A clever way to grow hemp is to use it to diversify existing bean, wheat, or alfalfa rotations.

Ensure sufficient pest management

It is important to keep an eye on the pests which come in contact with your hemp. It is only natural that as the plants grow and flower, they will attract more pests which may pose a threat to the hemp. In addition, look out for potential diseases such as fungal pathogens like gray mold and white mold.

Growing industrial hemp does require a level of research, preparation, and knowledge to be successful. In addition, you will need large amounts of land to successfully cultivate the plant and be able to transform it into valuable and useful for humanity products. We hope that this article gives valuable insight into the process of cultivating hemp.

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At the beginning of April, the FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) announced that they were going to carry out a review of CBD rules and regulations on a federal level across the US. [1] With the world of CBD rapidly changing, we are always seeing new challenges and arguments for changes, and the FDA is taking a step in the right direction in regard to this.

Since the introduction of the new Farm Bill in 2018, the US has seen unprecedented movement in the hemp industry. Indeed, it is due to the 2018 Farm Bill that hemp and its products are now allowed to be produced and traded across the country.

CBD and Hemp

Things have changed in the USA because of the 2018 Farm Bill. CBD – or cannabidiol is a natural compound which is present in the cannabis – or hemp plant. Hemp is a particular strain of cannabis which is low in THC (very low in fact – less than 0.3%). THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is another compound found in cannabis, which makes you high, meaning that hemp is non-intoxicating. With mounting evidence to show how CBD and other compounds from the plant can be good for our health, the authorities have been forced to accept some of it into the legal market.

When extracts are taken from the hemp plant, the most significant compound is CBD and so by using hemp as the base plant, CBD products can be made without the risk of its user getting high.

The Farm Bill has taken hemp off the controlled substances list and therefore liberated a lot about the hemp industry in the USA. But it has also left many grey areas – such as CBD, for example.

The FDA and Hemp

When the Farm Bill finally came into force in 2018, Congress made it very clear that the FDA would still have the authority to regulate any products which contained cannabis or cannabis-derived products under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act), and section 351, of the Public Health Service Act.

At the moment, FDA regulations don’t allow businesses to add ‘active ingredients that are drug products’ into food and drink and this is why we have seen the FDA and local authorities threatening to close down establishments which are selling CBD rich products.

CBD is categorised as a drug, as it was approved relatively recently as the active ingredient in Epidiolex – a medication which is now used to help to treat children with a rare form of epilepsy. This has led to confusion around CBD and meant that the FDA and other authorities have been threatening to clamp down on some places which have been adding CBD to food – some restaurants for example.

The FDA Review

It is due to these grey areas around whether CBD can be classified as a drug or not, and how it can be integrated into US society, that the FDA announced that they would carry out a review into it at the beginning of April.

The review was set to consist of four new steps:

1. Setting up a public hearing on 31st May for farmers, CBD producers, researchers, sellers, users and others in the CBD industry to make their voice heard, share experiences, frustration and air their opinions on CBD.

2. Forming a high level, group of people who can look into the potential for dietary supplements, food and drink containing CBD to be legally and federally marketed.

3. To provide clear updates online to help people inside and outside of the CBD industry to be able to understand the FDA rules and regulations with regard to CBD.

4. Clamping down on companies who make unfounded (usually medicinal) claims about cannabis-derived products.

The review is actually being welcomed by many people in the CBD industry as it will hopefully not only give clarity to those in the industry, allowing them to know exactly where they stand but also to allow the FDA to be fully up to date with changes in the industry.

They are looking for feedback which can help them to get a better idea about how it is best to regulate CBD and CBD products as well as better understand how safe it is.

The most important thing about the FDA review for the booming CBD industry in the USA is that it will give some clarity into the way that people and businesses can conduct themselves legally.

And this is a lesson which can be learned by the UK as well.

CBD and Hemp in the UK

In the UK we have a step less of confusion, as we don’t have the additional layer of state laws as well as federal ones. However, we do still have a fair amount of confusion around CBD.

The post What is the FDA Review in the US and How does it Affect the UK? appeared first on CBD Resource.

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CBD Resource by Joe Leigh - 3w ago

If you have read some of our previous articles on cannabis and its vast range of beneficial compounds called cannabinoids, you are probably already familiar with the two dominant ones called CBD and THC. We have also touched upon the less-popular and somewhat hidden in the shadows cannabinoids such as CBN, CBT, CBCV, CBGM, and more.

While CBD and THC prevail in the cannabis world, they are certainly not the only important compounds to pay attention to. All of cannabis’ cannabinoids have the power to work wonders in the human body thanks to the endocannabinoid system that each and every one of us has.

The Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system comprises of receptors such as CB1 and CB2 receptors, which are responsible for different functions essential for the body. For example, it is exactly these receptors that we can attribute our mood and appetite to, our sleeping patterns, and even our motor functions. CB1 and CB2 receptors do have their own unique set of characteristics and are found in different parts of the body but the important fact is that cannabinoids can successfully communicate with them, stimulating different activities.

Some cannabinoids will stick to CB1 receptors more, while others will communicate predominantly with CB2 receptors. Based on this, researchers can establish which cannabinoids can influence certain health conditions, such as anxiety or depression, nausea, cancer, Parkinson’s disease, and more.

CBE or Cannabielsoin

As one of the least researched cannabinoids found in cannabis, cannabielsoin remains a mystery and little information is available on the topic. You will probably not find any CBE products on the market, in contrast to CBD, for instance. Countries, where cannabis has been legalized for medical purposes, offer consumers products such as CBD oil, CBD tinctures, or CBD edibles. The case with CBE is something else.

The cannabinoid was first discovered from researchers working in the Ohio State University in 1983. What is interesting about the compound is that it is used for the formation of cannabidiol or CBD via a metabolic process, which transforms cannabielsoin into a metabolite. CBE became of particular interest to the Japanese Hokuriku University. The researchers were intrigued by the biological mechanism that was part of the process behind the transformation of cannabielsoin into cannabidiol.

Unlike THC (the psychoactive substance of cannabis, which is mainly responsible for the high effect after consumption), CBE will not trigger any psychotropic effects once consumed and will not expose consumers to mind-altering experiences.

Where can we find CBE?

CBE or cannabielsoin can be found in cannabis sativa and certain cultures of Saccharum officinarum. However, in order to be found within these plants, there must be optimum growth conditions available. An interesting fact is that the compound has also been seen in guinea pigs’ liver. The researched pig went through an intraperitoneal administration of cannabis before the discovery of the compound was made.

The test showed that no change in temperature was caused as a result of the substance and there was no registered effect of pentobarbital-induced sleep.

Cannabielsoin Properties

As mentioned earlier, the compound will not produce any psychoactive effects once consumed and will therefore not trigger euphoria or hallucinations – conditions which may be extremely dangerous for patients suffering from certain diseases affecting the mind.

Studies from the 1980s discovered that CBD triggered the creation of cannabielsoin as a new metabolite. In terms of the characteristics of the compound, researchers have classified it as an aromatic hydrocarbon, ether, an industrial by-product or pollutant, a lachrymator, pesticide, organic compound, and synthetic compound.

More research is required on cannabielsoin alone to fully describe the compound and establish its effects on the body.

The Entourage Effect

Although no research is available on cannabielsoin suggesting any medical benefits of the compound for the human body, when mixed with other cannabinoids, cannabielsoin may have a therapeutic influence on the body, which is yet to be researched. The Entourage Effect suggests that when consumed in combination, cannabis’ cannabinoids have the power to provide an enhanced effect in the body.

Each cannabinoid has diverse abilities but when consumed together, the cannabinoids form a special synergy which may help treat certain health conditions quicker and more efficiently.

The world of cannabis is extremely intriguing, deep, and the more we research into the topic, the more we can start to understand the true potential of the plant. Nature does, in fact, provide a remedy for health conditions that medicine struggles with and sophisticated technology are allowing researchers to dig deeper into the matter.

If you have decided to try a cannabis-related treatment for a specific health condition, it is advisable to arrange a consultation with your doctor or a medical professional who can provide legitimate advice and guide you through the process. 

Sources:

https://theroc.us/researchlibrary/Chemical%20constituents%20of%20marijuana-%20The%20complex%20mixture%20of%20natural%20cannabinoids.pdf

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CBD Resource by Joe Leigh - 3w ago

Cannabis has had its ups and downs in terms of its legality over the years and has jumped from freely used, to completely banned, all the way to partially legalized. The main reason behind the legal controversy of marijuana is its possession of THC or the psychoactive element responsible for the “high” sensation most people associate the herb with. Although this compound has some medical uses, THC can be a risky element as it can cause a number of negative effects, such as paranoia or the unlocking of mental disorders.

However, THC is not the only compound found in the magical plant. Cannabis is rich in a wide range of valuable cannabinoids, which have shown positive effects on the body. One of the most popular ones is CBD or cannabinoid, which is closely associated with the treatment of conditions such as depression, obesity, and even cancer. A number of U.S. states who have legalized cannabis for medical purposes freely sell products such as CBD oil, CBD tinctures, CBD edibles, and more. Although the plant is tolerated, its products must contain no more than 0.3% percent of THC in order for it to classify as legal.

But what about the other cannabinoids and their effect on the human body? Although some cannabinoids such as CBGM, for example, remain unpopular, they too play an essential role in the plants’ makeup. Let’s look at what CBGM is and how it can be of benefit to consumers.

The nature of CBGM

CBGM or cannabigerol monomethyl ether is a naturally found cannabinoid in cannabis, which falls under the same group of CBG or cannabigerol. This group of cannabinoids is mostly found in hemp and more specifically plants from north-east Asia. The cannabinoid was first announced in 1968 in Japan where scientists from Kyushu University discovered the compound. In attempts to extract certain elements from cannabis, the scientists noticed a substance resembling syrup colored in pale-yellow. This substance is what we call CBGM today.

CBGM along with one other cannabinoid is the only ether compound from the CBG group, meaning that it is made of an oxygen atom attached to two aryl or alkyl groups.

There is still insufficient research available on the cannabinoid to officially announce CBGM as a compound of medical use. However, the substance has been closely related to treating a range of health conditions and together with other cannabinoids is believed to have a significantly positive effect on the body.

CBGM and its medical effects on the human body

As mentioned, science has mainly focused on defining the molecular structure of the compound but little tests have been conducted to establish its health effects on the body. However, it has been assumed that the cannabinoid has a similar effect to other cannabinoids from the CBG group. On the other hand, as CBGM’s nature is that of an ether element, chances are that it may also possess completely unique traits.

What is certain is that CBGM is not a psychoactive compound, unlike THC, and will not produce a high effect once consumed. When looking at the relationship between other cannabinoids and their counterparts such as the bond between CBD and CBDV or THC and THCV, scientists uncover that each relationship brings forward different effects. While CBD and CBDV both provide a cure for anxiety, THC and THCV don’t act in the same way and THCV can even offset the psychoactive effects of THC.

Based on comparison and observation of the effects of CBGM, scientists have related the cannabinoid to the treatment of various conditions such as glaucoma, cancer, psoriasis, Alzheimer’s and Crohn’s disease, nausea, pain, and arthritis. However, patients suffering from these conditions and looking for an alternative remedy in the face of CBGM are advised to speak to a professional regarding the intake of the cannabinoid in order to receive legitimate and informed advice.

Potential side effects

The side effects of the consumption of cannabinoids remain a controversial territory. While some state that there are no severe side effects possible and no threat of developing an addiction for the compounds, others have suggested that they may lead to issues related to the gastrointestinal and central nervous systems. Symptoms such as abdominal pain or vomiting have been related to the long-term consumption of cannabinoids. However, these symptoms are also typical for other conditions and it has not been established whether the cannabinoids have had a direct impact.

To avoid exposing your body to threat, speak to a professional regarding a cannabinoid treatment. CBGM and other cannabinoids can have a positive influence on a number of health conditions but must be approached with caution and care.

Sources:

https://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJM197510162931603

https://www.jpain.org/article/S1526-5900(16)00567-8/fulltext?cc=y=

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19947069

The post What is CBGM? appeared first on CBD Resource.

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