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This month, the Dutch will be going to the polls once again to vote. Dutch voters will have several choices to make, one of which is the referendum over de wet op de inlichtingen- en veiligheidsdiensten 2017 or the law of the intelligence and security services 2017. This law is also know as Wiv 2017, aftapwet and sleepwet.
Photo taken by Justin Grimes found on Flickr.com with license CC BY-SA 2.0
But what is this referendum really about?
Inlichtingen- en veiligheidsdiensten
The inlichtingen en veiligheidsdiensten is the equivalent of the American CIA. In the Netherlands, there are two different CIA’s: de Algemene Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst or AIVD and the Militaire Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst or MIVD. According to the Referendum Commissie, the purpose of these two departments is om de veiligheid en de democratische rechtsorde zo veel mogelijk te helpen beschermen. Daartoe verzamelen ze informatie over dreigingen (Referendum Commissie brochure about Wiv 2017).
The AIVD and the MIVD are responsible for maintaining the safety of the Netherlands and to protect us from any threat. This can include terror threats like those we have seen in Europe the last few years, as well as cyber attacks against our institutions and private companies. In order to ensure safety, the AIVD and the MIVD can search someone’s home or business, check people’s computers, have surveillance on people or even trace someone’s phone calls and internet activities.
Wiv 2002 and Wiv 2017
The AIVD and the MIVD were working with the Wiv 2002. The Wiv 2017 hopes to expand the surveillance possibilities. This include a broader surveillance on telephone and internet. The disadvantage is that this wider scope would give the AIVD and MIVD access to other persons’ information.
While the issue of privacy is probably of most concern, the Wiv 2017 has clear rules compared to the 2002 version. Some of these include the possibilities of hacking someone’s computer, DNA investigation, working with foreign intelligence agencies and tapping into information from journalists and between lawyers and their clients.
The following video explains a bit more about the Wiv 2017.
Wat staat er eigenlijk in de omstreden 'aftapwet'? - YouTube
There has been a debate about Wiv 2017 from people who are for and against it. The law is in place, but there were enough signatures to request a referendum. It must be noted that the referendum is not legally binding. The voters can say nee and the overheid can still keep Wiv 2017 in place.
Earlier this month, the 90th ceremony of the Oscars took place in the U.S. After much backlash from the lack of diversity in the awards, this year’s ceremony seemed more open to movies from all sorts of backgrounds. The gala was full of the glamour and beautiful dresses we have grown accustomed to and everyone seemed to have a great night!
Photo taken by Robert Couse-Baker found on Flickr.com with license CC BY 2.0
Were the Dutch there?
The tiny polder country was certainly represented at this year’s event. There were two people nominated for two very different movies. Arjen Tuiten was nominated for the movie “Wonder” for grimme or make up and hairstyling. You can see more of Tuiten’s work in the following video.
Exclusive Featurette: A Look At The Prosthetic Makeup Of 'Wonder' - YouTube
Another Dutch nominee was Hoyte van Hoytema for cinematografie for the movie Dunkirk. Hoyte is a Swedish-Dutch cinematographer that has worked on some of the most amazing movies such as Her, Interstellar, Spectre and Dunkirk. The interview below (in English) covers some of his artistic process.
'Dunkirk's' Hoyte Van Hoytema on Making Multiple Films With Christopher Nolan | Close Up With THR - YouTube
Past Dutch-Oscar Winners
Although the Netherlands did not win an Oscar this year, there have been several nominees and winners throughout the history of the Academy Awards. The first nomination in Best Foreign Film was in 1959 for Dorp aan de rivier directed by Fons Fons Rademakers. The very famous Dutch movie Turks Fruit was also nominated in 1973. You can watch the full film in Dutch with English subtitles in the video below.
Turks Fruit/Turkish delight with english subs - YouTube
The very first Oscar for Best Foreign Film for the Netherlands was for De Aanslag in 1986. The movie was based on Mulisch’s famous novel about World War II, and you can read more about this movie in this previous post. Antonia, directed by Marleen Gorris won an Oscar in 1995, and three years later, Karakter won.
And what about Belgium?
Belgium has also been well represented in the Oscars, although some of the films are in French. The first Dutch-language nomination was for Daens in 1992. This movie exposes the working conditions in a lot of factories through the eyes of Daens, a Catholic priest from Belgium. It is based on real events in the life of Adolf Daens. You can see a fragment via the following link.
filmfragment daens (werkomstandigheden) - YouTube
As you can see, the Dutch language and culture has been well represented at the Academy awards, and, while many great movies have surely been left out, the representation stays strong!
Are you a fan of Dutch or Belgian cinema? What is your favorite Dutch-language film?
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The novel Het instituut by Vincent Bijlo covered this month’s Dutch-literature fix, and it was an unexpected delight!
Photo taken by Sebastiaan ter Burg found on Flickr.com with license CC BY 2.0
About the writer
Vincent Bijlo is, in summary, a jack of all trades! He is a stand-up comedian, a columnist, a musician and a writer! He studied Dutch language and literature at the University of Utrecht and quickly made his way into the stand-up comedy world.
Bijlo’s experience in writing is quite vast. He wrote two plays: “Made in Braille” in 1989 and Het nieuwe nu more recently. He is also a regular columnist for the AD, Algemeen Dagblad, and he has also written four novels. Het instituut is the first one. It was published in 1998 followed by Achttienhoog in 2001, De woordvoerder in 2003 and finally De ottomaanse herder in 2009.
In the following video, Bijlo talks about the Dutch identity for a late night TV show.
zo:RAYMANN - Identiteit van Nederland / Vincent Bijlo - YouTube
Het instituut tells the story of Otto Iking, an outsider in a boarding school for the blind. Otto is very much an observer throughout the novel; he has a very keen sense of who everyone is including himself. Through his narration, Otto makes the reader question the notions we have of blind people or those who are, as the book states, not able-bodied. One of the classes Otto must take is about life skills such as making a fried egg or tea. Otto understands the practicality of these classes, but at the same time wonders if there isn’t more he could be learning.
Otto uses his very one radio talk show, made of improvised materials, to discuss his observations. While he might not like everyone in the school, he has a strong sense of right and wrong. When one of his friend’s sister is kidnapped by a group of Moluccans, Otto quickly makes a plan with his friend to liberate the sister. He doesn’t care that the plan requires stealing because his mind is focused on the overall goodness of the plan.
Harm was mijn voorbeeld. Harm was de blindste der blinden, de superblinde. Harm kon alles, en wat hij niet kon ging hij nog kunnen.
Ik kon minder, maar leerde van Harm. Hij had een voorsprong, want hij was op zijn tweede pas blind geworden, en dat scheelde, zei hij, dan kon je al meer. Een tumor had hem het zicht in beide ogen ontnomen. Ik had geen idee wat een tumor was, maar hij kon er heel interessant over vertellen en er zelfs de ergste mensen mee tot een eerbiedig stilzwijgen brengen.
Harm had glazen ogen. Dat had hem onder ziende kinderen veel faam bezorgd. Eén keer mocht hij met ons mee op vakantie. Dat hebben mijn ouders geweten. ’s Morgens om acht uur stond er al een troep krijsende kinderen voor het raam van onze slaapkamer die eiste dat Harm zijn ogen zou uitdoen. Mijn moeder werd toen zo kwaad dat zij hem bijna een blauw oog sloeg. Dat feest ging niet door want hij had ze net uit, zijn ogen.
Bijlo has a very interesting writing style that mixes serious observations with humor. Growing up isn’t easy for anyone, and Otto’s life, while different in so many ways, is also the life of a coming-of-age boy trying to figure out who he is.
Last year, Het instituut was republished in Dutch. An English translation was also published. The Dutch embassy in London celebrated the occasion. The following video is from that party.
VincentBijloReading - YouTube
Are you familiar with Vincent Bijlo? What do you think of his style?
Last month, we looked at weerspreuken – weather proverbs. We tried to predict the weather with the weerbericht (weather forecast) for the next 14 days. The weerspreuken made predictions for February as well – let’s have a look at whether the weerspreuken from January about February checked out…
How True Were The Weerspreuken For February?
Snow In Maastricht, The Netherlands - YouTube
Januari zonder regen, is voor de boerenstand een zegen.
January without rain, is a blessing for the farming classes.
Rain was predicted and came in January. That is supposedly a bad thing for farmers. However, the freezing temperatures – leading to vorst (frost) – are apparently not so bad for boeren (farmers). In fact, boeren want temperatures as cold as -10°C (14°F)! Why? At such temperaturen (temperatures), the vorst creeps deeper into the akkers (fields), where the ijskristallen (ice crystals) expand. This makes the kleigrond (clay soil) a lot losser (looser). This is very beneficial for the gewassen (crops) that are planted in the voorjaar (spring).
So this weerspreuk does not appear to be accurate! Unless January’s negative weather implications go further than just February… Let’s just knock on wood and hope for the best!
Heeft januari koude en droge dagen, dan zal in februari de sneeuw u plagen.
If January has cold and dry days, then February shall plague you with snow.
The weather was wet and not very cold, which should mean that we should not get snow in February. Yet the opposite is true. Earlier this month, there was quite some snowfall in the Netherlands, and just yesterday, Monday, February 26th, there was some substantial white covering the low lands!
So this weerspreuk is not true. Or at least it was not this year. Well, let’s say it is pretty poor at explaining the weather.
Geef januari een sneeuwtapijt, dan zijn we gauw de winter kwijt.
If January gives a snow carpet, then we will be done with the winter soon.
There was no snow in January, so the prediction was that we will not be done with the winter soon. And that is right! The winter is here now: We have dry, sunny but quite cold weather, and the occasional snow. The winter has come!
So this weerspreuk is accurate!
Als het vriest op St. Sebastiaan (20 januari), dan is het op 2 februari met de vorst gedaan.
If it is freezing on St. Sebastian (January 20), then there will be no more frost after February 2.
We just need freezing temperatures, then we will have no more frost after February 2nd! That is good news… Especially because the weersverwachting predicts 0°C (32°F) on that day. If it stays like that or even goes below zero, we might get lucky!
The weersverwachting was right: On January 20, we had frost. Even though it really was just 0°C (32°F). But this also means that this weerspreuk is wrong. We have vorst right now – and it is long past February 2!
So this weerspreuk is not accurate.
So: of 4 weerspreuken, 1 is accurate, 2 are not and 1 may actually not be accurate if it predicts anything beyond February. Shaky result! It does not make me want to trust these weerspreuken too much…
There was some heavy snowfall and freezing temperatures yesterday (February 26) in Maastricht (Image by Author)
Did you expect the weerspreuken to be accurate? How accurate were the weerspreuken in your country? Let me know in the comments below!
The 2018 Winter Olympic Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea have started and the Dutch have been on alert! The Netherlands sent 33 competitors to this year’s games and the results have been fabulous!
Photo taken by Jos Dielis found on Flickr.com with license CC BY 2.0
As of today, the Netherlands has won 13 medals including 6 gold, 5 silver, and 2 bronze. All of these medals have been in the sport that the Dutch dominate better than anyone: schaatsen!
While everyone’s victories have been celebrated, three important figures stand out! In the men’s division, Sven Kramer had an amazing performance, but he did not manage to make a comeback from the dreadful 2010 winter Olympics. Back in 2010, Kramer was set to win three gold medals, but he was disqualified in the 10,000-meter competition because he missed a lane change. His coach misinformed him during a turn and, although he had finished first, was disqualified. You can see more about this race in the following video.
NOS OS 2010: Kemkers tijdens en na wissel Kramer - YouTube
Kramer finished 6th in this year’s race.
However, the Dutch still managed to make an appearance at this event. The gold went to Ted-Jan Bloemen, a Dutch-born skater who was representing Canada in the Olympic Games. Dutch defending champion Jorrit Bergsma won silver.
In the women’s division, Esmee Visser had an amazing debut by winning gold in the 5000 meter race. Although barely securing a spot for the Olympic Games in December and having no profcontract or professional contract like the other athletes, Esmee made it to the finish line first. If you want to know more about Esmee, I highly recommend this article by the Volkskrant and the following video.
Esmee Visser over haar gouden plak: Echt heel mooi - RTL BOULEVARD - YouTube
Why are the Dutch so good?
Because the Dutch are so good at this sport, it is easy to wonder how and why. Katie Couric, a commentator for NBC during the Olympic Games, had by far one of the most entertaining answers to this enigma. According to Couric, the Dutch are so good at skating because, during the winter, the canals freeze and the Dutch have to skate for transportation.
For those of us who live here, it may seem that it is so cold even hell might freeze BUT the temperatures in the Netherlands do not consecutively dip that low to cause for the canals to freeze. Back in 2012, the Amsterdam canals did manage to freeze but it had been the first time in over a decade.
Photo taken by Arden found on Flickr.com with license CC BY-SA 2.0
Furthermore, even if the canals do freeze, the Dutch are more likely to stick to their usual mode of transport, de fiets, rather than skate. After much trolling and jokes, Couric apologized for her misinformed comment, and we can all laugh about this silly assumption.
While there is no inherent reason why the Dutch are so good at skating (perhaps it’s their long legs?!?), it is true that people are not only fond of ice skating, but there is also a lot of interest in this sport. Perhaps what we should be asking ourselves is why are we able to skate?
Why can we skate?
A few days ago an article in the Volkskrant brought light to something I didn’t know: there is no scientific reason as to why we can skate. While there are theories as to the friction of the skates with the ice, there is no definitive explanation.
Schaatsen, vertelt de hoogleraar quantumfysica annex enthousiaste amateurschaatser met een grijns (grin), is namelijk nog steeds een fundamenteel raadsel (puzzle). ‘Er is wel een standaardverklaring waarom we met ijzers over ijs kunnen glijden (to glide). Maar als je in de theorie duikt blijken er talloze (countless) vraagtekens te bestaan.
You’re in a restaurant with friends. The food is great, the music is nice, the waiters are friendly, and you’re having a lot of fun. Suddenly: Hier is de rekening! (Here is the bill!) – who is going to pay? Are you paying for all, or are you going Dutch?
The Dutch Weed Burger Bagel, with a patty made with Dutch seaweed. It’s really good! (Image by author).
The expression “going Dutch” means that everyone pays their own bill instead of anyone paying for anyone else. It does not have to be a restaurant bill, of course, it can also be the entrance fee for a museum, the tickets for a train ride, and so on. Sometimes, it is also called “doing Dutch” or a “Dutch date“.
While nowadays, the term is also used if the bill is split evenly among the participants, it originally meant that each person pays exactly that which they themselves have to pay for. So if you got a coke, fries and a seaweed burger bagel, you pay a coke, fries and a seaweed burger!
The Dutch do not use “going Dutch” as an expression, by the way – so you will not hear a Dutch person say: “Laten we Nederlands gaan!” (Let’s go Dutch!).
How are the Dutch involved?
Dutch Warehouses from the 17th century in Amsterdam (Image by The Lord Of The Lens at Unsplash.com)
One theory, which the Oxford Dictionary put forward, is that the term comes from the time where Dutch courage probably also originated: The Gouden Eeuw (Golden Age). Back then, The English and the Dutch did some fighting, and so some loathing toward the Dutch came to be.
Dutch courage refers to courage achieved by drinking alcohol – not a very brave, noble or dignified thing to do. Especially in a time when these were highly appreciated values.
Going Dutch refers to everyone paying their own bill – which at the time was not seen as nice toward the invited party. So mockingly, it was also referred to as “Dutch treat”. Of course it was not a treat to find out that you had to pay your own dinner, for example. This seems like a plausible explanation.
Another theory goes back to the Dutch Door. The Dutch Door is a door that splits in two: an upper and a lower half. The fact that it splits would refer to splitting a bill. However, “going Dutch” is not strictly splitting the bill, but each person paying for their own share. So this theory is less plausible.
A Yacht: Shared Dutch? (Image by Jeremy Bishop at Unsplash.com)
A term that was derived from “going Dutch” is “sharing Dutch”. It means that a luxury item is shared among a group of co-owners, and where the cost and usage for that item is split evenly among the co-owners. This way, the item can be used when someone else is not using it, and the item can be used to its fullest potential. It makes a lot of sense with expensive cars, yachts, private jets and other luxurious, expensive items.
Are you “going Dutch” sometimes? Or do you think the person that invites the other(s) should pay? How do you say “going Dutch” in Dutch? Let me know in the comments below!
Although Valentine’s Day isn’t as big in the Netherlands as it is in the U.S., every year, there are more and more activities to celebrate. Whether this is because of the diverse expat community or because the Dutch are just simply catching on to this, the truth is that Valentine’s Day is making an appearance. This is why I have prepared the Dutch Valentine’s Day Survival Pack so you can tell your significant other how much you love them!
Photo found on Flickr.com created by DennisM2 with license CC0 1.0
What to say?
First of all, you need to know how to tell someone you love them. Ik hou van je is the standard ‘I love you’ phrase to know. You can call someone a schatje or a sweetie, mijn liefde or my love and even lekker ding if you want to tell someone they are attractive. You can find more pet names and loving nicknames in this previous post.
How to say it?
A great way to tell someone how much you love them is to sing for them. There are several romantic Dutch songs you can learn. The following are some good options. Check how these artists refer to their loved ones and how they are expressing what they feel.
Wat is Mijn Hart by Marco Borsato
Marco Borsato - Wat Is Mijn Hart - YouTube
Jij Bent de Liefde by Guus Meeuwis
Guus Meeuwis - Jij Bent De Liefde (official video) - YouTube
Je Bent de Hemel by Tim Douwsma
Tim Douwsma - Je Bent De Hemel (Officiële video) - YouTube
Moppie by Lange Frans en Baas
Lange Frans & Baas b ft Brace - Moppie + Lyrics - YouTube
What to do?
So you are in the Netherlands and want to plan something to do. You can always go for the standard dinner and movie. If you want to go for a Dutch movie, De Matchmaker might be a great choice as can Gek van Oranje.
If you are more into art, you can catch the showing of Tristan und Isolde at the Nationale Opera in Amsterdam. The Opera is in German but with English and Dutch subtitles.
There are also several museums offering romantic evenings for lovers of love and art! The Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam is offering free entrance to their museum if you use the discount code “love” at the ticket office.
My favorite activity is by far the one from the Van Abbe Museum in Eindhoven. If your loved one is far away but wants to join you at the museum, you can schedule a visit using their robots. The robot will take your loved one (probably via skype) with you as you explore some amazing modern art exhibitions!
If you are short on budget or would much rather do something at home, Netflix and chill is a great option! There are several romantic Dutch movies on Netflix to pick from such as Soof, Hartenstraat, and Toscaanse Bruiloft.
How do you celebrate Valentine’s Day?
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Every February, one of the largest events below the rivieren (rivers) is happening: Carnaval (Carnival). For a few days, the entire Dutch south, especially Noord-Brabant and Limburg, are a complete mess! On this blog, we have written before some of the nice things about Carnaval. But not everybody likes it! While there are many people coming into the south right now, there is also a large crowd fleeing it! Here are some reasons why NOT to celebrate Carnaval.
1. It is EVERYWHERE
Run away! (Image by Joshua Ness at Unsplash.com)
If you just want to have a few, restful days, you cannot stay in the South. Carnaval is celebrated everywhere in the South! If you do not want to participate in the crazy fun they all seem to have. So the only option is to lock yourself up in your room, close the blinds and put earplugs in! And that does not seem like a nice option, so you really have to just get out of town.
2. The music is terrible
Gewoen e Vastelaovendsleedsje - Jelke, Marvin en Nick - Winnaar MVK 2018 - YouTube
If you have ever heard the Carnaval music while sober, you will probably not get further than the first or second song. You just get sick of the repetitive melodies and the bad singing. Have you heard the vastelaovondsleedsje for 2018?
3. Dressing up? As adults?
Image by Massygo at Flickr.com under license CC BY SA 2.0)
As a kid, dressing up is fun, sure. But when you are an volwassene (adult), do you still really want to do that? You must be crazy or drunk to enjoy that!
4. Alcohol everywhere
Image by Julia Nastogadka at Unsplash.com
Carnaval is definitely not one of the tamed and calm holidays. During two and a half, sometimes a lot more days, the Carnavalvierders (Carnival celebrators) drink a lot more than at an average party. That can be fun, but in excess, it can also just be dangerous and annoying. Not fun!
The rest of the Netherlands looks at the South with mixed feelings during these days. Some enjoy it, want to let them have their fun. Others really despise it.
In any case, I think that everyone should decide for themselves what they want to do! I will celebrate Carnaval this year, and I wish everyone a happy Carnaval, regardless whether you like it or not! In the end, the Dutch just want one thing: een gezellige tijd!
Are you celebrating Carnaval? Let me know in the comments below!
There are certain words that are used in a language and are impossible to translate. You can try, but it will never be a completely accurate translation that catches its meaning. Such as the Zesjescultuur post, the Pottenkijker post or the Komkommertijd post. In the Untranslatable Dutch posts, we will explore Dutch words that cannot be simply translated to English. Enjoy!
Today, we will have a look at VOC-mentaliteit (VOC mentality).
The VOC logo on a Dutch flag (Image by McKarri at Commons.wikimedia.org under license CC BY SA 3.0)
Apparently, the VOC had a certain mentality that is worth preserving. The term was coined in 2006 by then-prime minister Jan-Peter Balkenende.
Balkenende voc metaliteit - YouTube
It was a reaction to politician Femke Halsema about the economische opleving (economic recovery).
What he says:
“Ik begrijp niet waarom u hier zo negatief en vervelend over doet. (…) Laten we blij zijn met elkaar! Laten wij optimistisch zijn! Laten we zeggen: Nederland kan het weer! Die VOC-mentaliteit, over grenzen heen kijken, dynamiek! Toch?”
(I don’t understand why you are so negative and pesky about this. (…) Let’s be happy with each other! Let’s be optimistic! Let’s say: The Netherlands can do it again! That VOC mentality, looking beyond borders, dynamic! Wouldn’t you say?)
What he meant is that the VOC was a company that had handelsgeest (a trader’s spirit), daadkracht (decisiveness) and durf (dare). It was criticized by many, because the VOC is also associated with rooftochten (raids), kolonisatie (colonialism) and slavernij (slavery). That is not the kind of mentality you want, of course!
Others defended the PM, since the efforts to put a small country like the Netherlands on the world map were quite impressive, and the Netherlands would not be the country it is today without that entrepreneurial spirit – even with all the negative connotations.
Rutte likes it too
Mark Rutte on his first day as Prime Minister in 2010 (Image by Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst at Commons.wikimedia.org under license CC BY 2.0)
Back in 2015, the opvolger (successor) of Balkenende said a similar thing: He wanted the sfeer van de Gouden Eeuw (atmosphere of the Golden Age) back. Mark Rutte, still Premier (PM) today, got quite a lot of backlash for this as well.
In the end, both Rutte and Balkenende mean the will to take risico’s (risks), the handelsgeest (trade spirit) of the time. That is in the Dutch DNA, they say, and that should be harbored.
Land in zicht - De Gouden Eeuw - Documentaire (NPO) - YouTube
Photo taken by Jennifer C. found on Flickr.com with license CC BY 2.0
Sigarettenpeuken or cigarette butts are an issue in all major cities. In the Netherlands, 6 billion cigarette filters are thrown to the streets each year creating a problem for city officials. How can cities cope with this unbelievable amount of cigarette butts without it costing too much?
The founders of Crowded Cities have created The Crowbar that trains kraaien or crows to pick up the butts. The crows deposit the cigarette butt in the container, and, once the container verifies that this is in a fact a cigarette butt, it gives the crow a little bit of food thus incentivizing the hard work of the crow.
De kraai is een uiterst intelligente vogel. Ze staan bekend om hun probleemoplossende vaardigheden en geweldige communicatievaardigheden. Wanneer een kraai bijvoorbeeld een mens tegenkomt die het niet goed met ze voor heeft, leert hij andere kraaien hoe ze die persoon kunnen identificeren. Onderzoek heeft zelfs aangetoond dat een kraai een gezicht niet vergeet.
Veel kraaien zijn op zichzelf, maar ze eten wel vaak in groepen. Een groep kraaien wordt een ‘moord’ genoemd. Als een kraai sterft, omringt de groep de overledene. Deze begrafenis is niet alleen om te rouwen om de dode, maar ze komen ook bij elkaar om uit te zoeken wat hun lid heeft gedood. Als het een roofdier is geweest, spant de groep samen om het dier te achtervolgen.
While the project sounds very practical and helpful for cities, there are some obstacles. There is no study (yet) into the dangers for crows. Could the toxins from the filter harm the crow in the few moments this is in the crow’s beak? We know the side effects of smoking and second hand smoke in humans, but a study about these problems in animals exposed to the cigarette butts and the smoke has not been done.
There is also the cost of buying and maintaining The Crowbar. How many of these devices would a city need to have and would a lot of maintenance be required to clean the Crowbar and add food to it.
Some people might also be uncomfortable with the idea of an increase in crows flying around cities. There are superstitions related to crows about bad luck or even announcing death, not to mention people who are just plain scared of these birds. In Papendrecht, near Dordrecht, there was an incident of crows attacking people. The following video explains more.
Kraaien terroriseren straat in Papendrecht - YouTube
Finally, there is a bit of a moral issue with this project. Do we really need to train crows to do something that people can do for themselves? Perhaps we simply need a good evaluation of trashcans availability in the cities and more conscience from everyone.
What do you think about this project? What method do you think would be the most effective to keep our cities clean?
probleemoplossende- problem solving
communicatievaardigheden- communication skills
zijn op zichzelf- in this context, it means independent but it can also mean introverted
rouwen- to mourn
spant samen- colludes
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