Some easy questions need to be asked about the Democratic Party endorsed candidate for Attorney General.
Although the presumption of eligibility might require this court to conclude that an attorney who has not practiced exclusively or even primarily as a litigator for at least ten years is qualified to hold the office of attorney general under § 3-124, the presumption does not authorize us to ignore the clear intent of the legislature that the attorney general must have some measure of experience in trying cases.Bysiewicz v. DiNardo
What cases has William Tong tried? Has he tried more than one.
Tong said Wednesday that he was involved in at least 30 cases filed in state Superior Court.
How many of them went to trial?
“I don’t know how many of them went to trial. A number of them did,” Tong said last week.
The firm’s website says Tong was “Trial counsel for former Chief Executive Officer in wrongful termination action in Connecticut federal court.” Records from U.S. District Court confirm that Tong was involved in a three-day wrongful termination trial during which one witness was called. He was not the lead attorney in that jury verdict case, which his firm lost. CT NEWS JUNKIE
Where’s the beef, William? Connecticut deserves more than vague responses to honest questions about qualifications.
Democrats, citizens of Connecticut, and the media should demand to know exactly what William Tong’s involvement in trying cases was. He should easily be able to produce docket numbers, opening statements, closing arguments and witness examinations – the things one does at trial. Every court proceeding in Connecticut is recorded and can be transcribed. Show us the transcripts.
If he can’t or won’t – it’s a giant problem – and establishment politics as usual. Something Connecticut has a lot of experience with. Part and parcel of the state’s problems.
There is a potentially big problem for Tong, and democrats, and the State. If Tong gets elected, he could face a quo warranto action to remove him from office. Challenging his qualifications. Resulting in a mess for a very important office.
This post is about cash assistance and prison liens on CT personal injury cases. Whether you have been in a car accident or bitten by a dog – the State may coming looking for money from you. Learn your rights.
Many of our clients worry about who may place a lien on their case. When you’re facing medical bills and a long recovery from an injury, you need to know whether your costs are going to be covered by a settlement offer or a judgment.
If you are over the age of 18 and you have received benefits “under the state supplement program, medical assistance program, aid to families with dependent children program, temporary family assistance program or state-administered general assistance program,” then the state may place a lien on your personal injury case. Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 17b-94. The amount of the lien can be the full amount of the benefits received or fifty percent of the recovery after certain litigation costs are subtracted, whichever is less.
Prison Liens On CT Personal Injury Cases
Some folks think when they have done their time that they have paid their debt to society. Only to learn that society will then send them another bill.
Finally, if you have been incarcerated within the past twenty years, the state may lien your case to recoup its costs. Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 18-85b. This lien would take priority over any lien for state assistance, and it would be equal to the full cost of incarceration or fifty percent of the recovery after certain litigation costs are subtracted, whichever is less. These liens are commonly called incarceration liens.
If you’re concerned about a lien on your personal injury case, it’s important to speak with an attorney so that you fully understand your rights. On this blog we speak in general terms, but every case is unique and that’s where trusted counsel can help.
One of the best things you can do is to let your attorney know if you were incarcerated or have received cash assistance. Different rules apply in wrongful death cases.
There are two types of fee agreements in CT personal injury cases. The first is a statutory agreement. The other is a statutory waiver. This post explains the difference between the two types of agreements.
When someone gets injured their world gets turned upside down. Suddenly the hospital is asking you to sign papers. Lots of papers. Financial responsibility papers. And that’s just the hospital.
There are calls from insurance companies. And people you have never heard of threatening that if you don’t pay they’ll send you to collections.
You didn’t sign up for any of this. Your life turned on a dime when someone decided looking at their phone was more important than keeping their eyes on the road.
The good news is that many CT injury firms like ours – operate on contingency fee agreements. Meaning there’s no money up front. We only get paid when we recover money for you. This keeps the doors of the courthouse open to the injured.
You think about getting a lawyer. But where to turn? The internet is spammed with people wanting to help you. And how do you pay for a lawyer? What are fee agreements in CT personal injury cases?
Here is what you need to know:
Fee Agreements In CT Personal Injury Cases Must Be In Writing And Signed
A lawyer in CT cannot receive a fee in a personal injury case if the agreement is not in writing and signed by the client. You should never feel pressured to sign a fee agreement with an attorney. You have the right to read it over and asked questions.
The Statutory Fee Agreement
The language below is taken right out of our firm’s standard statutory fee agreement (though we call them client agreements). This agreement is set by Connecticut General Statute 52-251c.
Agreement . This is an agreement between the attorney and the client. The client hires the attorney to represent the client with respect to (a)_______ that occurred on _______________.
Expenses . The client will pay for all expenses. The client will reimburse the attorney for all expenses advanced by the attorney. “Expenses” include court fees, investigation expenses, expert fees and all other necessary costs. The expenses are in addition to the legal fees.
Legal Fees The “gross recovery” includes all money that is collected (recovered) from others arising from the matter(s) described in Section III. The legal fees shall be based upon the gross recovery of any award, verdict or settlement arising from the matter(s) as follows:
Thirty Three (33%) percent of the gross recovery. It is also understood that the following fees are in effect for all sums recovered, by settlement or verdict, in excess of $300,000.00:
Twenty five (25%) percent of any award or settlement in excess of Three Hundred Thousand ($300,000.00) up to Six Hundred Thousand ($600,000.00) Dollars;
Twenty (20%) percent of the next Three Hundred Thousand ($300,000.00) Dollars;
Fifteen (15%) percent of the next Three Hundred Thousand ($300,000.00) dollars; and
Ten (10%) percent of any amount which exceeds One Million Two Hundred Thousand ($1,200,000.00) Dollars.
The Statutory Waiver Agreement
In complicated cases, an attorney may ask for a “Statutory Waiver Agreement”. The statutory waiver agreement waives the limitations set forth by the statutory agreement and will entitle the attorney or law firm up the a fee of 33% of gross amount recovered.
When Does A Statutory Waiver Agreement Apply?
The statute makes it clear that it should only apply to complex claims:
Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, a claimant may waive the percentage limitations of said subsection if the claim or civil action is so substantially complex, unique or different from other wrongful death, personal injury or property damage claims or civil actions as to warrant a deviation from such percentage limitations. Factors that may indicate that a claim or civil action is substantially complex, unique or different from other wrongful death, personal injury or property damage claims or civil actions include, but are not limited to, if the claim or civil action (1) involves complex factual medical or legal issues, (2) involves serious permanent personal injury or death, (3) is likely to require extensive investigation and discovery proceedings, including multiple depositions, or (4) requires independent expert witness testimony. For the purposes of this subsection, “independent expert witness testimony” means testimony, whether at trial or in a deposition, from an expert who has not participated in the care of the claimant and has not participated in any official investigation of the incident involved.
What Are The Requirements For A Statutory Waiver Agreement?
There are very specific steps that an attorney must do to obtain a statutory waiver agreement from a client. The are spelled out by statute:
(d) Prior to a claimant entering into a contingency fee agreement that provides for a fee that exceeds the percentage limitations of subsection (b) of this section, the attorney shall (1) explain the percentage limitations of subsection (b) of this section to the claimant and the reasons the attorney is unable to abide by those limitations; (2) advise the claimant of the claimant’s right to seek representation by another attorney willing to abide by the percentage limitations of subsection (b) of this section; and (3) allow the claimant a sufficient period of time to review the proposed contingency fee agreement and, if the claimant wishes, seek representation by another attorney prior to entering into such agreement.
(e) No waiver of the percentage limitations of subsection (b) of this section shall be valid unless the contingency fee agreement (1) is in writing, (2) sets forth in full the fee schedule of subsection (b) of this section, (3) contains a conspicuous statement, printed in boldface type at least twelve points in size, in substantially the following form: “I UNDERSTAND THAT THE FEE SCHEDULE SET FORTH IN SECTION 52-251c OF THE CONNECTICUT GENERAL STATUTES LIMITS THE AMOUNT OF ATTORNEY’S FEES PAYABLE BY A CLAIMANT AND THAT THE STATUTE WAS INTENDED TO INCREASE THE PORTION OF THE JUDGMENT OR SETTLEMENT THAT WAS ACTUALLY RECEIVED BY A CLAIMANT. NOTWITHSTANDING THAT THE LEGISLATIVE INTENT IN ENACTING THAT FEE SCHEDULE WAS TO CONFER A BENEFIT ON A CLAIMANT LIKE MYSELF, I KNOWINGLY AND VOLUNTARILY WAIVE THAT FEE SCHEDULE IN THIS CLAIM OR CIVIL ACTION.”, and (4) is signed and acknowledged by the claimant before a notary public or other person authorized to take acknowledgments.
What Are The Differences?
Basically in a big case a statutory waiver agreement will result in a larger fee to the lawyer or law firm. This may be necessary for a firm to economically justify the expense and risk of the litigation.
For the client, an attorney cannot seek costs if no recovery is made in a statutory waiver case. The attorney is responsible in the event of no recovery not the client. Without the statutory waiver it is the client who is responsible for costs in the event of no recovery. Here are common costs in CT personal injury cases.
Different firms have different policies on this. It is our belief that the language is required to seek costs from the client, however it is our decision whether or not to pursue a client. We don’t pursue our clients for costs in the event of no recovery.
If you have any questions please call us (860) 471-8333.
One question we’re asked all the time is, “What documents should I bring to our first meeting?” This post will cover the basics. Don’t worry if you don’t have all of these things. We can have you sign authorizations and get them for you. Every personal injury case is different. And every case can require different documents. These 8 things are generally good documents to provide to your attorney as soon as possible if you have them.
This is for simple identification purposes. A driver’s license tells us the correct spelling of your name, your current address, and your date of birth–all of which are necessary for us to have on file.
Health Insurance Card:
We work with injured people, so we deal with insurance companies a lot. It is necessary for us to have your health insurance information in order to have a full understanding of your coverage and recovery.
8 Things for CT Personal Injury Attorney
If you’ve been in a car accident, we’ll need to have your auto insurance policy information on file. Why? We may have to pursue an underinsured motorist claim, or you may have other benefits that we can help you to obtain. You may have medpay benefits.
A Recent Tax Return:
If you’re missing work because of an injury, a recent tax return tells us who your employer is and what your earnings are. These lost wages are important as we negotiate a settlement or prepare for trial. If your case gets put into suit and there is a lost wage claim the defense attorney will be entitled to 3 years of tax returns.
If you have ’em, we need ’em. Accident photos are critical documents as we negotiate a settlement or prepare for litigation. More immediately, they help us to understand what happened to you.
Police Report or Accident Summary:
If you were just in a car accident and the police were called to the scene, the reporting officer probably gave you a slip of paper. This is an accident summary. We use this document to order a police report and to identify the person or persons who struck your vehicle. The accident summary will contain their insurance policy information, which we will use to send a letter of representation to their insurance company.
If you happen to have bills or medical records, please bring them. If not, don’t sweat it. We ask all of our clients to sign a release so that we can order their complete medical records pertaining to their injury.
That about covers it. These are the 8 things to give to your CT personal injury attorney. If we need anything extra from our clients, we discuss it at our meeting. But bringing these documents gives us what we need to hit the ground running. These are the documents in personal injury cases that will help your lawyer prosecute your case.
So you’ve been in a car accident and you’ve mentioned to a friend that you’re talking to an attorney. Your friend says, “Why bother? Isn’t any money you recover going to be eaten up by liens?” And suddenly you’re not sure.
When you are over 65 and on Medicare – every penny matters. You live on a fixed income. And sometimes have to choose between buying food or paying for prescription medications.
Being in a car accident wasn’t something you planned for. And it is made a tough financial situation near impossible.
What is a medicare lien, exactly? Who may have a lien on your case? What is a lien in a personal injury case?
A lien is an amount of money that must be paid to someone else after you receive a settlement or a judgment. For example, if you receive $10,000 from a settlement but there is a $2,000 lien on your file, then you are entitled to receive $8,000. Basically, it’s a bill that must be paid.
Liens in Personal Injury Cases
What liens are not allowed in a personal injury case in Connecticut?
Generally speaking, if an insurance company has paid for your medical costs, they are not entitled to recover those costs from you or the person who caused your injury. So if you’ve been in a car accident and have required surgery, and your insurance company covered that surgery to the tune of $100,000, Connecticut does not allow your insurance company to put a $100,000 lien on your file. Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 52-225c.
Of course there are some big exceptions to this rule, so keep reading. Including self-funded ERISA plans and medicaid.
Who is allowed to place a lien on a personal injury case in Connecticut?
In a word, Medicare.
If you are receiving Medicare benefits for your injury, then Medicare has a right to place a lien on any amount you recover. In fact, your attorney is required to notify Medicare that you are seeking recovery from the person who caused your injuries so that Medicare can evaluate your case for repayment. 42 U.S.C. §1395y(b).
You may be thinking: why tell Medicare in the first place? Well, because the United States can sue for double the amount up to six years later if they don’t get their money in the first place, and no one wants that. 28 U.S.C. 2415(a). The good news is that sometimes your attorney can negotiate with Medicare to significantly reduce the lien.
So, are all Medicare plans allowed to lien a personal injury file?
No. That would be too simple.
If the insurance covering your treatment is a Medicare supplemental health plan–otherwise known as Medi-Gap insurance–then there is no right no recovery. Why? Because supplemental Medicare plans are not really Medicare plans, but private health insurance that is used to compliment Medicare coverage. Remember that in Connecticut, the general rule is that private insurance providers may not recover their costs. Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 52-225c.
What about Medicare Advantage plans? Can they place a lien on my file?
We don’t know. This is a question that Connecticut courts haven’t fully addressed. There are good arguments against paying such a lien, but there is also unfavorable case law from other states.
In short, Medicare Advantage plans are private insurance plans that are approved by Medicare. Federal law (42 U.S.C. §1395mm(e)(4)) authorizes these private insurers to recover costs from their insured, and many have placed this right to recovery in their contracts. But are these contractual provisions valid under Connecticut law, considering that we don’t allow private insurers to recover their costs?
We just don’t know. It’s not clear whether the federal law is intended to trump state law. This is a question that your attorney will need to evaluate because if your Medicare Advantage contract does not include the language to permit recovery, case closed. They cannot lien your file. But if the contract does include that language, then your attorney must consider how to proceed.
Of course, as with Medicare, it is sometimes possible for your attorney to negotiate and significantly reduce a Medicare Advantage lien. We don’t take Medicare Advantage Liens at face value. Many of them are bogus liens.
If you have been injured and you’re concerned about liens that may be placed on your file, please call me at 860-471-8333.
The time-honored tradition of giving people notice of stuff.
This post deals with Connecticut Personal Injury Notice Laws.
When should I see a lawyer? Can I resolve this myself?
In Connecticut, with a personal injury claim time is not your friend.
It’s critical to be aware of notice requirements in personal injury cases in Connecticut. Miss a deadline, and the case is finished. If a lawyer fails to give notice, then malpractice may result.
Sometimes you must provide notice of a possible claim long before a lawsuit is even filed. If you miss the following notice requirements, your case is toast.
It is critical that notice be given properly and timely.
Connecticut Personal Injury Notice Laws – Claims Against the State:
1 year from when a claim is “sustained or discovered,” not to exceed 3 years. Claims must be filed with the Claims Commissioner. (Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 4-148)
Connecticut Personal Injury Notice Laws – Defective Highway claims:
Trip and fall on a sidewalk in Connecticut? You have a mere 90days to provide notice to the proper state or municipal authority.
This is an enormous trap for the unwary–plaintiffs and lawyers alike. Notice of state claims must be filed with the Commissioner of Transportation (Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 13a-144). You must file a notice of a claim against a municipality with the appropriate authority, which varies from town-to-town. (Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 13a-149). Assuming the notice requirements are met, you have 2 years from the date of injury to file suit.
Connecticut Personal Injury Notice Laws – Dram Shop actions:
If you want to bring an action against a bar in Connecticut, you’ve got to do so quickly. You’ve got 120 days from the date of injury, or 180 days from the date of death or incapacity, to provide notice of your claim. The statute specifies the information that must be included in this letter, so be sure to read it closely. Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 30-102.
Once you send that dram shop letter, it’s time to move quickly on the lawsuit. You’ve only got one year.
Notice of Housing Authority Claims:
If you’ve been injured on property owned or controlled by a housing authority, you must give notice of a claim within 6 months of the injury before filing suit. A lawsuit must be filed within 2 years. Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 8-67.
Municipal Employee Negligence Claims:
When bringing a claim against a municipal employee, you must provide notice to the municipality within six months. A lawsuit must be filed within 2 years. Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 7-465.
Claims Against Volunteer Firefighters, Volunteer Ambulance Members, and Volunteer Fire Police Officers:
You must file notice of a claim with the town and with the volunteer firefighter, volunteer ambulance member, or volunteer fire police officer not later than six months after the date of injury. Then you have to wait at least thirty days before filing a lawsuit. Any such lawsuit must be filed within one year. Conn. Gen. Stat. Sec. 7-308.
It is important if you have been injured to immediately contact a Connecticut personal injury attorney to protect your claim. Failing to file notice or proper notice can result in no recovery. Attorneys who fail to comply with these statutes can be subject to legal malpractice.
Connecticut personal injury notice laws are very important to the preservation of claims.
What is the law in Connecticut about miscarriage after a car accident?
Miscarriage After A Car Accident Law
Last week I was driving on I-84 when traffic suddenly came to a crawl. Emergency vehicles sped past, and I was shocked to see a visibly pregnant woman lying on the side of the road beside her broken vehicle, clutching her stomach.
My sincere hope is that this woman and her baby are both fine and thriving, but it got me thinking:
What happens if a car accident causes a miscarriage in Connecticut?
Car accidents can cause miscarriages.
Some very old Connecticut cases do not award damages for the wrongful death of a fetus.
There is a case that dates back to 1939 (Sullivan v. Connecticut Company, 7 Conn. Supp. 35) in which a trolley in New Haven came to an abrupt stop, causing a woman who was two months pregnant to miscarry. The trolley company was found liable for her damages, but only to the extent of the injuries she had personally suffered. For example, the court noted that the plaintiff had been confined to the hospital for ten days, suffered pain and discomfort, and incurred medical expenses. Even though the court found that the plaintiff had indeed lost her pregnancy as a result of the defendant’s driver’s negligence, she was not awarded damages for a wrongful death.
In another case from the 1930’s, a woman alleged that the defendant had negligently served her a sandwich that contained glass. She suffered emotional distress that she claimed ultimately resulted in a miscarriage. Gannon v. S.S. Kresge Co., 114 Conn. 36 (1931). Again, the plaintiff was awarded damages for her emotional and physical suffering, but apparently not for the wrongful death of her child.
But both law and science have come a long ways in the past century. And we know things through ultrasounds and monitoring about fetuses that the courts in Sullivan and Gannon could not have imagined.
Does a miscarriage after a car accident amount to a wrongful death?
Flash forward to 2011, when a doctor in Stamford was sued for the wrongful death of a 22-week old fetus. The doctor was accused of negligently rupturing fetal membranes while removing an intrauterine device. This case was pretty big news because Connecticut has not considered whether someone can be found liable for the wrongful death of a fetus.
Unfortunately the case settled, which means that this is still an open question.
So if someone is injured in Connecticut and suffers a miscarriage as a result, can that person recover for the wrongful death of the fetus?
These kinds of cases are complicated. A plaintiff would have to prove that the fetus was viable and would have survived. This would involve the testimony of multiple experts.
It is our belief as a firm in the dignity of life. And that wrongdoers should be held accountable for their actions. And if a car accident causes a miscarriage in Connecticut that the defendant should be civilly liable for wrongful death.
You can call us 24/7/365 and talk to a person – 860 471 8333