Who was Charlemagne?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
5d ago
Introduction Charlemagne (02 April 748 to 28 January 814) was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Emperor of what is now known as the Carolingian Empire from 800, holding these titles until his death in 814. He united most of Western and Central Europe and was the first recognised emperor to rule in the west after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, approximately three centuries earlier. Charlemagne’s reign was marked by political and social changes that had lasting impact on Europe throughout the Middle Ages. A denarius of Charlemagne dated c. 812-814 with the in ..read more
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What was the Contestado War (1912-1916)?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
6d ago
Introduction The Contestado War (Portuguese: Guerra do Contestado), broadly speaking, was a guerrilla war for land between settlers and landowners, the latter supported by the Brazilian state’s police and military forces, that lasted from October 1912 to August 1916. José Maria (died 1912), monk who led the Contestado revolt, with three followers. It was fought in an inland southern region of the country, rich in wood and yerba mate, that was called Contestado because it was contested by the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina as well as Argentina. The war had its casus belli in the social con ..read more
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What are Combined Operations?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
1w ago
Introduction In current military use, combined operations are operations conducted by forces of two or more allied nations acting together for the accomplishment of a common strategy, a strategic and operational and sometimes tactical cooperation. Interaction between units and formations of the land, naval and air forces, or the cooperation between military and civilian authorities in peacekeeping or disaster relief operations is known as joint operations or interoperability capability. Pre-Modern History The concept of combined operations evolved largely as a result of expeditionary warfare ..read more
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What is Joint Warfare?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
1w ago
Introduction Joint warfare is a military doctrine that places priority on the integration of the various branches of a state’s armed forces into one unified command. Joint warfare is in essence a form of combined arms warfare on a larger, national scale, in which complementary forces from a state’s army, navy, air, coastal, space, and special forces are meant to work together in joint operations, rather than planning and executing military operations separately. Its origins can be traced to the 1938 establishment of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, the world’s first joint higher command structu ..read more
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What is Interservice Rivalry?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
1w ago
Introduction Interservice rivalry is rivalry between different branches of a country’s armed forces. This may include competition between land, marine, naval, coastal, air, or space forces. Interservice rivalry can occur over such topics as the appropriation of the military budget, prestige, or the possession of certain types of equipment or units. The latter case can arise, for example, when a navy operates naval aviation units, which can be viewed by the air force as an infringement of its traditional responsibilities. For the most part, interservice rivalries may only be limited to adminis ..read more
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What is Military Parlance?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
1w ago
Introduction Military parlance is the vernacular used within the military and embraces all aspects of service life; it can be described as both a “code” and a “classification” of something. Like many close and closed communities, the language used can often be full of jargon and not readily intelligible to outsiders – sometimes this is for military operational or security reasons; other times it is because of the natural evolution of the day-to-day language used in the various units. For example: “Captain, this situation is ‘Scale A'”, “Scale A” being an army’s parlance for “This situation re ..read more
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What is the Rear (Military)?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
1w ago
Introduction In military parlance, the rear is the part of concentration of military forces that is farthest from the enemy (compare its antonym, the front). Outline The rear typically contains all logistic and management elements of the force necessary to support the front line forces, and generally constitutes supply depots, ammunition dumps, field hospitals, machine shops, planning/communication facilities, command headquarters, and infrastructure such as roads, bridges, airfields, dockyards, and railway depots. Military personnel in the rear are usually called the rear detachment, and the ..read more
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What was the Juazeiro Sedition (1913-1914)?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
1w ago
Introduction Floro Bartolomeu and Padre Cícero. The Juazeiro Sedition, also known as the Juazeiro Revolt, was a conflict that happened in 1914 in the backlands of Cariri, in the interior of the state of Ceará (Brazil). It involved the oligarchies of Ceará and the federal government and was provoked by the interference of central power in state politics in the early decades of the 20th century. Under the leadership of Floro Bartolomeu, Nogueira Acioly and Padre Cícero, an army of peasants resisted the invasion of federal government forces and marched to Fortaleza to depose Franco Rabelo. After ..read more
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What is a Pogue?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
1w ago
Introduction Pogue is American pejorative military slang for non-infantry MOS (military occupational specialty) staff, and other rear-echelon or support units. Brief History and Etymology The term was used as early as the First World War by US Marines to refer to a male homosexual. At the beginning of World War II, “pogue” was used by Marine drill instructors to refer to trainees believed not to meet the expected standards or failing to display the appropriate esprit de corps. Linda Reinberg includes it as being in general use in Vietnam to refer to rear echelon support personnel. This meanin ..read more
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What is a 21-Gun Salute?
Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute
by Andrew Marshall
2w ago
Introduction A 21-gun salute is the most commonly recognized of the customary gun salutes that are performed by the firing of cannons or artillery as a military honour. As naval customs evolved, 21 guns came to be fired for heads of state, or in exceptional circumstances for heads of government, with the number decreasing with the rank of the recipient of the honour. While the 21-gun salute is the most commonly recognised, the number of rounds fired in any given salute will vary depending on the conditions. Circumstances affecting these variations include the particular occasion and, in the ca ..read more
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