Trauma reminders and disgust: The roles of posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity, trauma type, and reminder type
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
by M. Shae Nester, Blair E. Wisco
4h ago
Abstract Disgust is a common emotional response to trauma but is studied less frequently than fear or other negative emotions. In laboratory settings, individuals with a history of sexual assault report more disgust following exposure to trauma reminders than those exposed to other trauma types, and people with more severe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms typically report more disgust than those with lower symptom levels. It remains unknown whether this association is also present in ecological contexts and if these associations vary by trauma reminder type. The present sample inc ..read more
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Conceptualizing disparities and differences in the psychobiology of traumatic stress
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
by Kelly A. Correa, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Jennifer S. Stevens, Nathaniel G. Harnett
4h ago
Abstract Understanding biological pathways that mediate trauma-related psychopathology is a major goal for traumatic stress studies. There is growing interest in studying differences in neural, physiological, and behavioral correlates of traumatic stress across demographic groups (e.g., sex/gender, race/ethnicity). However, challenges remain in how to appropriately conceptualize the source, mechanisms, and practical utility of between-group variation. The present brief conceptual review discusses ethnicity, race, and sex/gender-related variability relevant to understanding the psychobiology of ..read more
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Engaging the child–parent relationship to treat early trauma: The challenge and promise of scaling with fidelity
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
by Alicia F. Lieberman, Chandra Ghosh Ippen
4h ago
Abstract There is an urgent imperative to scale up access to effective, family-focused mental health services for trauma-exposed infants, toddlers, and preschoolers, who represent the most vulnerable and most underserved sector of the clinical child population. This article describes the process of scaling child–parent psychotherapy, an evidence-based treatment currently used in 39 U.S. states and six countries, as an example of the promise and challenge of large-scale implementation of relationship-based treatments ..read more
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Medical traumatic stress: Integrating evidence‐based clinical applications from health and trauma psychology
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
by Sacha McBain, Matthew J. Cordova
1w ago
Abstract Medical events in both childhood and adulthood, including components of the illness or injury and subsequent medical intervention, recovery, and disability, are increasingly being recognized as potentially traumatic. There has been an increased focus on scholarly work related to medical trauma and medically induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Existing evidence suggests that trauma-focused treatment can promote both physical and psychological recovery. However, there continues to be a dearth of clinical guidance on how to (a) best identify and treat prior trauma exposure that ..read more
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The effects of acute versus repeated cannabidiol administration on trauma‐relevant emotional reactivity: A double‐blind, randomized, placebo‐controlled trial
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
by L. Riley Gournay, Morgan L. Ferretti, Anna‐Marie Nguyen, Sarah Bilsky, Grant S. Shields, Eric Mann, Parker Williams, Sydney Woychesin, Marcel Bonn‐Miller, Ellen W. Leen‐Feldner
2w ago
Abstract Despite the widespread use and perceived efficacy of cannabidiol (CBD) as an anxiolytic, few controlled studies have evaluated the effects of CBD on anxiety-relevant indications, and only one has done so in the context of trauma-related symptoms. The current study was designed to address this gap in the literature. Participants were 42 trauma-exposed individuals (M age = 23.12 years, SD age = 6.61) who endorsed elevated stress. They were randomly assigned to take 300 mg of oral CBD or placebo daily for 1 week. Acute (i.e., following an initial 300 mg dose) and repeated (i.e., followin ..read more
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Adverse childhood experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, and compulsive behaviors among adults in substance use treatment: A latent class analysis
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
by Evan J. Basting, Alyssa M. Medenblik, Julie D. Eberwein, Alisa R. Garner, Ryan C. Shorey, Gregory L. Stuart
2w ago
Abstract Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are prevalent and associated with common problems among adults with substance use disorders (SUDs), including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and compulsive behaviors. Most studies consider cumulative ACEs when examining their associations with health and behavioral outcomes. We tested whether patterns of ACEs related to SUD symptoms, PTSD symptoms, and compulsive behaviors among adults receiving treatment for substance use. We identified latent classes of ACEs using medical record data from 721 patients in residential SUD treatment a ..read more
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Bidirectional associations between prolonged grief symptoms and depressive, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress symptoms: A systematic review
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
by Antje Janshen, Maarten C. Eisma
3w ago
Abstract Prolonged grief symptoms frequently co-occur with symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress, and anxiety; however, little is known about how prolonged grief symptoms temporally relate to symptoms of neighboring stress-related and affective disorders. Clarifying such associations can help elucidate which symptoms to prioritize during treatment for distressed bereaved adults. We conducted a systematic review to provide a comprehensive overview of the empirical research on the bidirectional temporal associations between prolonged grief symptoms and symptoms of depression, posttraumati ..read more
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Issue Information ‐ TOC
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
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1M ago
Journal of Traumatic Stress, Volume 37, Issue 3, Page 353-355, June 2024 ..read more
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Experiences of intimate partner violence and valued living among women veterans: The role of self‐efficacy
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
by Emily Taverna, Nora Kline, Shaina A. Kumar, Katherine M. Iverson
1M ago
Abstract Predominantly cross-sectional research suggests that self-efficacy may play an important role in women's psychological health after experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). However, few studies have examined these associations over time or with respect to broader aspects of psychological well-being. Valued living, which reflects behavioral engagement within personally important life domains, represents a key aspect of well-being that may be negatively impacted by experiences of IPV. Participants were 190 women veterans who completed three web-based surveys. We examined whether IP ..read more
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State of the Science: Treatment of comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders
Wiley Online Library » Journal of Traumatic Stress
by Sudie E. Back, Amber M. Jarnecke, Sonya B. Norman, Angela J. Zaur, Denise A. Hien
1M ago
Abstract Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) co-occur at high rates, with research showing that up to nearly 60% of individuals with PTSD also suffer from an alcohol and/or drug use disorder. PTSD/SUD is complex; associated with adverse health, social, and economic outcomes; and can be challenging to treat. Over the past decade, the landscape of treatment research addressing PTSD/SUD has significantly expanded. Ongoing efforts aimed at developing and evaluating novel treatments for PTSD/SUD, encompassing both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy approaches, are ..read more
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