Viticulture and the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP): Historical overview, current situation and future perspective
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
2M ago
The paper emphasizes the importance of disseminating agroecological knowledge and implementing nature-based strategies to ensure the successful application of the CAP reforms. It calls for a collective awareness and effort from all societal sectors, including producers, consumers, and policymakers, to embrace environmental protection measures in agriculture. The paper also stresses the need to communicate effectively the benefits of biodiversity conservation and natural soil processes to accelerate the adaptation of agricultural systems to environmental challenges ..read more
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Enhancing employee wellbeing and happiness management in the wine industry
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
3M ago
This research examines the connection between Green Human Resource Management (GHRM) and Sustainable Performance (SP) in Spanish wineries, emphasizing the mediating roles of Employee Wellbeing (EW) and Work Engagement (WE). This study is pertinent, given the growing focus on sustainability as a core business strategy. To refine the precision of the examined cause-effect relationships, variables such as the age and size of the winery and membership in a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) are incorporated as controls. Utilizing a conceptual model informed by prior studies, this study employs ..read more
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Management practices, and not surrounding habitats, drive bird and arthropod biodiversity within vineyards
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
3M ago
This post is about a paper that concluded that individual management practices are more influential on vineyard biodiversity than the habitat context, overall management regime, or certification status. This study recommends that sustainability accreditation schemes focus on reducing the ecotoxicity of agrochemicals used and encourage the promotion of higher ground vegetation cover by reducing herbicide use to benefit vineyard biodiversity ..read more
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Attitudes towards natural wines among Spanish winemakers: Relationship with environmental awareness
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
4M ago
this research pioneers in revealing the complex interplay of ecological awareness, sensory perceptions, and market understanding in shaping Spanish winemakers' attitudes towards NWs. It underscores the need for further research to bridge the gap in consumer and producer perceptions and to address the current asymmetry of information in the wine market. The study's limitations include its reliance on convenience sampling, suggesting a need for more comprehensive future research designs ..read more
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Application of white wine lees for promoting lactic acid bacteria growth and malolactic fermentation in wine
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
5M ago
This study explored the potential of utilising white wine lees, a by-product of winemaking, in the industrial application of wine production. By examining the growth of wine lactic acid bacteria and their impact on the malolactic fermentation process, this study highlights the potential of using wine lees as a beneficial agent for MLF in red wines. The study also confirmed that the inclusion of white wine lees does not negatively impact the quality of wine and does not encourage the growth of spoilage microorganisms. Overall, this study proposes a sustainable recycling strategy for wine by-pro ..read more
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Effects of Global Warming on Grapevine Berries Phenolic Compounds—A Review
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
10M ago
As autumn heat reaches unprecedented levels, a groundbreaking study delves into the impact of climate change on phenolic compounds in grapevine berries. These findings challenge traditional winemaking norms, emphasizing the need for tailored approaches to combat climate challenges. The study advocates for a nuanced, "single case" perspective, recognizing the diversity of grapevine environments. Standardizing treatments across different cultivars, legislations, and regions is impractical. Instead, the focus has shifted to individual vineyards, embracing the concept of terroir, where unique natu ..read more
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Ancient DNA analysis of winegrape seeds reveals genetic link between two modern varieties of red and white grapes and grape varieties cultivated some 1,100 years ago
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
1y ago
One ancient seed was found to belong to the Syriki variety, still used to make red wine in Greece and Lebanon. Since winegrapes are usually named after their place of origin, it is quite possible that the name Syriki is derived from Nahal Sorek, an important riverbed in the Judean Hills. A second seed was identified as related to the Be'er variety of white winegrapes still growing in the sands of Palmachim on Israel’s southwestern Mediterranean seashore ..read more
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Perceiving and Adapting to Climate Change: Perspectives of Tuscan Wine-Producing Agritourism Owners
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
1y ago
It is now widely accepted that climate change is having a profound impact on the weather systems around the world. These, in turn, have a considerable effect on two important elements of the Tuscan economy: wine production and tourism. This case study sought to explore the relationship between the perception of Tuscan wine-producing agritourism owners of the potentially abstract notion of climate change and their concrete experiences as entrepreneurs. While recognizing the difficulties they face from climate change as viticulturists, as agrotourism owners they welcome the longer seasons which ..read more
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Influence of viticultural practices on Danish cold-climate Solaris grapes and wines as studied by 1H NMR metabolomics
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
1y ago
The present multidisciplinary study aimed at investigating the impact of water deficit, defoliation, and crop thinning on Solaris’ plant and fruit development as well as on the bulk metabolic composition of Solaris must and wines as measured by FT-IR and 1H NMR. Overall, the results show that, from an agronomical point of view, Solaris has a remarkable ability to tolerate and recover from water stress ..read more
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Investigating the most effective techniques to delay ripening through a meta-analytic approach
Science & Wine Blog » Viticulture
by Paula Silva
1y ago
Several vineyard techniques have been proposed to delay grape maturity in light of the advanced maturation driven by increasingly frequent water and heat stress events that are detrimental to grape quality. These studies differ in terms of their experimental conditions, and in the present work we have attempted to summarize previous observations in a quantitative, data-driven systematic review. A meta-analysis of quantitative data gathered across 43 relevant studies revealed the overall significance of the proposed treatments and evaluated the impact of different experimental conditions on the ..read more
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