Estimating country-level spending on pandemic preparedness
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
16h ago
THE CONTEXT Stunned by the profound human and economic toll caused by the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the grim foreboding that this crisis might be a precursor to more frequent and severe pandemics, numerous commissions, task forces, conferences, and international discussions, convened in the wake of the pandemic, advocated for substantial investments to enhance national and regional capabilities for the early detection and containment of outbreaks. On 14 September 2020, the Global Preparedness Monitoring Board issued a report – A World in Disorder – which critical ..read more
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Thyroid cancer trends in China and its comparative analysis with G20 countries: Projections for 2020–2040
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
3d ago
Thyroid cancer is a well-recognised subtype of endocrine cancer, prominently positioned among head and neck malignancies, and accounting for approximately three to four percent of all cancer cases [1,2]. Although the median age for thyroid cancer diagnosis is in the early 50s, it is the most prevalent cancer among adolescents and adults aged 16–33 [3,4]. The incidence of thyroid cancer has increased by 313% during the past 40 years [3,5]. While its incidence demonstrates variability worldwide, a discernible upward trend has been observed in numerous countries, including the United States, Chin ..read more
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How should the law respond to emerging infectious diseases: China’s experience and considerations in containing COVID-19
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
3d ago
Emerging infectious diseases significantly threaten global health in contemporary times [1]. The World Health Organization (WHO) publication Prioritizing Diseases for Research and Development in Emergency Contexts lists the most serious infectious diseases currently endangering humanity. Among them is Disease X, signifying the potential risk of a severe international epidemic caused by a pathogen currently unknown to cause human disease [2]. Since the public health emergency of international concern system was incorporated into the International Health Regulations in 2005, seven declarations o ..read more
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The burden, causes, and determinants of blindness and vision impairment in Asia: An analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
3d ago
Vision loss (including blindness and vision impairment) significantly impacts both an individual’s quality of life and a society’s economic development [1–6], making it a significant public health issue. The World Health Organization (WHO) has suggested that at least 2.2 billion people were blind or visually impaired worldwide in 2019, half of whom had conditions that were preventable or treatable [7,8]. Initiatives such as ‘VISION 2020: The Right to Sight’ headed jointly by the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness and the WHO, along with ‘Towards Universal Eye Health: A Global ..read more
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Prevalence of placenta previa among deliveries: An update systematic review and meta-analysis after the introduction of the two-child policy in Mainland China
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
3d ago
Placenta previa is a potentially severe obstetric complication where the placenta overlying the endocervical os [1,2]. According to a systematic review from 2013, its prevalence varies widely between countries and regions, ranging between 12.2‰ in Asia, 3.6‰ in Europe, 2.9‰ in North America, and 2.7‰ in sub-Saharan Africa [3]. Moreover, in our 2016 systematic review and meta-analysis of 80 studies that collected data between 1965 and 2015, we observed that the prevalence of placenta previa was 1.24% in mainland China, with likewise unequal geographic distribution, ranging from 2.90% in Hainan ..read more
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Interventions to maintain essential services for maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health during the COVID-19 pandemic: A scoping review of evidence from low- and middle-income countries
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
3d ago
In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) a pandemic. The spread of the disease caused by the virus, most commonly known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), strained health systems worldwide, including those in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where health systems had often been overburdened in the past due to outbreaks or other catastrophic events [1]. To halt the spread of the virus, countries established public health and social measures such as movement restrictions that limit access to health s ..read more
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Maternal empowerment, feeding knowledge, and infant nutrition: Evidence from rural China
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
1w ago
Maternal empowerment is linked to improved child nutrition and infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, particularly in the first 1000 days of a child’s life [1–4]. The focus of women’s empowerment is often on ‘intrahousehold decision-making power,’ with access to greater decision-making power within the household presumably leading to improved nutrition-related decisions for their children, thereby improving child health and nutrition [5]. Mothers throughout the developing world often face restricted opportunities to make decisions within the household that may reduce the welfare of w ..read more
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Association between low lung function and the increased risk of age-related macular degeneration: A population-based prospective cohort study
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
1w ago
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the main cause of blindness in developed countries, affecting approximately 200 million individuals globally and presenting an important health concern [1]. With this widespread prevalence, the disease contributes significantly to the global disease burden and to widening health disparities [2]. Beyond physical health, AMD also affects social well-being through its negative impact on quality of life, functional abilities, and depression rates [3]. Due to its irreversible nature and the absence of effective prevention strategies, investigating the modif ..read more
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The global and regional prevalence of restless legs syndrome among adults: A systematic review and modelling analysis
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
1w ago
Restless legs syndrome (RLS), or Willis-Ekbom Disease (WED), is increasingly acknowledged as a significant neuro-sensory disorder with substantial public health implications [1]. It manifests as an uncontrollable urge to move one’s legs, frequently accompanied by discomfort and paraesthesia, worsening during rest and improving with movement [1]. These symptoms, peaking in severity during evening hours, can range from sporadic, mild discomfort to persistent and severe disruption, significantly impairing sleep, quality of life, and mental health, particularly when diagnosis and treatment are ina ..read more
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Fear in general populations: A cross-sectional study on perceived fear of common diseases, COVID-19, life events, and environmental threats in 30 countries
Journal of Global Health
by Getzzg
1w ago
Fear, extending beyond just emotional response, can lead to various physical and psychological issues like cardiovascular diseases, weakened immunity, digestive problems, anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and social isolation [1–5]. It also critically drives health behaviours. For example, during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, fear contributed to the avoidance of health care facilities, delaying treatment for non-communicable diseases [6]. Similarly, fear associated with conditions like cancer often leads to people avoiding essential screenings [7]. This makes understand ..read more
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