Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy may cut risk of acute Pancreatitis in kids with acute recurrent pancreatitis: Study
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by Jacinthlyn Sylvia
12h ago
A recent study discovered that pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) may significantly reduce the frequency of acute pancreatitis (AP) episodes in children who were diagnosed with acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) or chronic pancreatitis (CP) and still have sufficient pancreatic function. The findings of this study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology offer new hope for managing the painful episodes and high hospitalization rates. Acute pancreatitis represents a major challenge in pediatric gastroenterology due to its debilitating pain and potential to progress into c ..read more
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Study Finds COVID-19 Pandemic Led to Some, But Not Many, Developmental Milestone Delays in Infants and Young Children
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by Dr. Kamal Kant Kohli
1d ago
Infants and children 5 years old and younger experienced only “modest” delays in developmental milestones due to the COVID-19 pandemic disruptions and restrictions, a study led by Johns Hopkins Children’s Center finds. In a report on the study that will be published April 22 in JAMA Pediatrics, investigators evaluated possible links between pandemic-related disruptions to everyday life and changes in developmental milestone screening scores. The data were from the Comprehensive Health and Decision Information System (CHADIS), a web-based screening platform caregivers use to complete surveys a ..read more
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CGM a promising tool to individualize nutritional strategies in preterm infants: Study
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by Medha Baranwal
2d ago
Italy: A recent study published in the European Journal of Pediatrics has shown continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) to be a promising tool for individualizing nutritional strategies in preterm infants during the first weeks of birth. The study found that macronutrient intakes influence neonatal glucose profile as described by CGM and might contribute to adjusting nutritional intakes in preterm infants. "Continuous glucose monitoring describes the relationship between the intake of daily parenteral nutrients and time spent in hypo and hyperglycemic ranges," the researchers reported. Preterm i ..read more
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The Timing and Patterns of Drinking During Pregnancy also Linked to Varying Effects on Fetal and Child Development: Study
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by Dr. Kamal Kant Kohli
2d ago
When and how mothers drink alcohol during pregnancy has major implications for fetal and child development, according to two new studies in Alcohol: Clinical & Experimental Research. The effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) include stillbirth, preterm delivery, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). In US schools, 2–5% of children have FASD, which is linked to impaired growth and development, including cognitive function. Most studies on PAE and FASD involve birthing parents whose alcohol use was chronic and heavy. Much less is known about what lower levels of drinking-a far mo ..read more
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Childhood Adiposity Linked to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Risk later on, suggests study
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by Dr Riya Dave
4d ago
Researchers have found in a new study that excess adiposity and dysfunction in adipose tissue during childhood may signal a higher risk of developing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) later in life. The new study has been published in the journal of Pediatrics. This study offers insights into early indicators of PCOS risk, emphasizing the importance of early detection and intervention in pediatric populations. The study was conducted by Rachel C. and colleagues. PCOS is a common endocrine disorder among females, characterized by a range of metabolic and reproductive issues. Early detection of ..read more
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Thane Hospital doctors succesfully treat Ano Rectal Malformation in 1-year-old boy
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by sheeba farhat
5d ago
Thane: In a remarkable case, doctors at Wockhardt Hospitals in Thane have successfully treated a one-year-old boy born with multiple complications, including the absence of an anus, officials announced on Wednesday. Child specialists Bhavesh Doshi and Nitu Mundhra addressed the child's condition known as 'Ano Rectal Malformation' (ARM), which meant the baby lacked a rectal opening. Additionally, the child faced challenges such as tongue-tie, where the tongue was stuck to the floor of the mouth, and Hypospadias, a condition where the urinary outlet is misplaced. The newborn’s parents — identif ..read more
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First trimester Use of Hydroxychloroquine in lupus or RA may not increase risk of birth defects, finds study
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by Dr. Shravani Dali
5d ago
First trimester Use of Hydroxychloroquine in lupus or RA not linked to higher risk of birth defects suggests a new study published in the Rheumatology. A study was done to assess the infant risk of major congenital malformations (MCM) associated with first-trimester exposure to hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) among mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This population-based cohort study utilised Swedish nationwide registers and included all singleton births (2006-2021) among individuals with prevalent SLE or RA in Sweden. The exposure was filling ≥1 HCQ prescr ..read more
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Exposure to air pollution during first two years of life may worsen attention capacity in children: Study
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by Dr. Kamal Kant Kohli
5d ago
A growing body of research shows that exposure to air pollution, especially during pregnancy and childhood, may have a negative impact on brain development. Now a study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), a centre supported by the "la Caixa" Foundation, has found that exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) during the first two years of life is associated with poorer attention capacity in children aged 4 to 8, especially in boys. NO2 is a pollutant that comes mainly from traffic emissions. The study, published in Environment International, shows that higher exposure to NO ..read more
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New Care Approach Lowers Opioid Use and Hospital Stay in Infants with opioid Withdrawal Syndrome: Study
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by Jacinthlyn Sylvia
6d ago
A recent study published in the Journal of American Medical Association demonstrated that a novel care method, the eat, sleep, console (ESC) approach, substantially lowers opioid exposure and the length of hospital stays for infants with neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS) when compared to the traditional care practices. The study was conducted from September 2020 to March 2022 and included a total of 463 infants across 26 U.S. hospitals as part of the ESC-NOW clinical trial. These infants were born at 36 weeks of gestation or later with evidence of antenatal opioid exposure and were p ..read more
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IV iron therapy effectively improves anemia in pediatric patients with IBD: Study
Medical Dialogues » Pediatrics and Neonatology
by Jacinthlyn Sylvia
1w ago
A recent study published in the World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics unveiled the effectiveness and safety of intravenous (IV) iron therapy for treating iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Iron deficiency anemia is a common complication in pediatric patients with IBD, primarily due to chronic inflammation that disrupts iron absorption and metabolism. Despite the recognized need for aggressive treatment, there has been hesitance to prescribe IV iron, largely due to concerns over potential adverse reactions. The study by Krishanth Manokaran and team a ..read more
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