? Do European left-wing populists in government become more moderate?
The Loop
by Jan Philipp Thomeczek
3d ago
Jan Philipp Thomeczek argues that European left-wing populist parties become more moderate as a consequence of their participation in government. Here, he draws on recent examples from Spain, Greece, and Germany The inclusion-moderation thesis The so-called ‘inclusion-moderation thesis’ postulates that including radical parties in government could moderate their radical rhetoric. The literature identifies two main mechanisms behind inclusion-moderation. Firstly, from the perspective of parties as vote maximisers, the spatial competition focuses on the political centre. Therefore, including rad ..read more
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Why terminating sanctions is more difficult than initiating them
The Loop
by Olga Vlasova
5d ago
Olga Vlasova delves into the intricacies of economic sanctions termination. Scrutinising global data and exploring historical precedents, she uncovers the complexities surrounding the lifting of sanctions, and how rarely they are lifted. Her analysis offers valuable insights for policymakers navigating the delicate balance of international relations The termination of economic sanctions is a hotly contested topic. When and how might a government or organisation lift sanctions? What conditions must the sanctioned party meet for this to happen? I propose several scenarios for sanctions terminati ..read more
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Why communal conflict should be viewed as a wartime phenomenon
The Loop
by Claudia Wiehler
5d ago
Violent local conflicts over land and resources are taking place almost exclusively in civil war-affected societies. Claudia Wiehler and Sebastian van Baalen argue that analysts and peacebuilding practitioners therefore need to involve civil war parties in communal conflict management and resolution — and view them as potential conflict management partners The climate crisis is escalating and already causing massive disruptions to livelihoods across the globe. One feared downstream effect of the climate crisis is the outbreak and intensification of violent local conflicts between loosely organ ..read more
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♟️ Russia’s mercenaries are bolstering autocratic regimes in the Sahel
The Loop
by Marcel Plichta
1w ago
The spate of coups in the Sahel has been advantageous for Russia. Marcel Plichta and Christopher Faulkner argue that Moscow's mercenaries in the Sahel aren't to blame for the democratic retrenchment, but their presence is insulating and emboldening military dictators on their path to autocratic consolidation Authoritarian solidarity in the Sahel Few regions in Africa have shifted away from democracy as dramatically as the Sahel. In the past few years, established but fragile democracies in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger have all been toppled by coups. These coups have resulted in an acrimonious ..read more
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? Why Italian political parties use populist rhetoric on social media
The Loop
by Andrea Ceron
1w ago
Analysing posts on Facebook and Twitter-X, Andrea Ceron, Silvia Decadri, and Fedra Negri highlight how Italian politicians use populist rhetoric to generate engagement. They find that such rhetoric does indeed increase the likelihood of posts going viral, even among non-populist voters Why populist rhetoric suits social media storytelling There is strong compatibility between populist messaging and the modes of communication that social media platforms demand. This makes it a hugely promising environment for studying populist rhetoric. The opposition between corrupt elites and virtuous people ..read more
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The democratic legitimacy of the European Union
The Loop
by Jaap Hoeksma
1w ago
As we approach the European Parliament elections, which take place from 6–9 June, Jaap Hoeksma argues that the European Union is resolving its problems of democratic legitimacy by becoming a democratic international organisation Democratic legitimacy In the wake of the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, on 1 December 2009, leading scholars like Jürgen Habermas and Kalypso Nicolaïdis raised the question of whether and how a union of democratic states can be democratically legitimate. Traditional theory holds that the concepts of democracy and international organisation are incompatible, so ..read more
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? Czech coat and Slovak cassock in illiberal movements
The Loop
by Natália Noskovičová
2w ago
Two nations, one name, divergent paths: Natália Noskovičová delves into the illiberal mobilisations of the Czech and Slovak Alliances for Family and National Marches for Life. Here, she navigates the religious and secular strategies of anti-gender movements in the heart of Europe We are not against LGBT+ people; we treat gays and lesbians with respect and decency and wish them all the best in life Czech Alliance for Family In the spirit of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, we love every person, but we condemn every sin, regardless of who commits it – whether a person with heterosexual or ..read more
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Soft power and India’s changing approach to Israel under Modi
The Loop
by Lakshmy Ramakrishnan
2w ago
Earlier this year, construction workers from India began arriving in Israel to mitigate the country's labour shortage. The number of Indian migrant workers in Israel now looks set to reach 6,000. While the scheme is indeed helping to reduce India's unemployment rate, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan argues we should also see it as an exercise in soft power by the Modi government Sowing the seeds In May 2023, the governments of India and Israel entered into an agreement to provide employment opportunities to Indian construction workers. Their aim was to address India’s unemployment problem, and Israel’s in ..read more
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China’s Belt and Road Initiative: re-evaluating the economic impact
The Loop
by James F. Downes
3w ago
James F. Downes and Mathew Wong re-evaluate the impact of the Belt and Road Initiative by examining important macroeconomic linkages between China and other economies. Combining statistical analyses of 163 countries, alongside EU case studies, they find that the economic impact of the BRI is limited, and determined largely by pre-BRI economic factors China’s Belt and Road Initiative China's vastly ambitious Belt and Road Initiative, or BRI, was launched by President Xi Jinping in 2013. It has now been in force for eleven years. The project aimed big, seeking to boost trade, infrastructure and ..read more
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? What Afghanistan can tell us about illiberalism
The Loop
by Marzia Saramad
3w ago
On 15 August 2021, Marzia Saramad was working for UNICEF in the Afghan capital, Kabul, when the Taliban seized control. Here, she explains Afghanistan's relevance to the global illiberal agenda I left for work in the early morning, just as I did every day. On the bus en route, everyone seemed worried, but nobody could have predicted that day's gruesome turn of events. By the time I struggled to find my way back that evening, Kabul's once-bustling streets had fallen eerily silent. The next day, 16 August, the situation had worsened. As an Afghan woman from a minority group, I was no longer safe ..read more
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