Colorism Revisited: The Effects of Skin Color on Educational and Labor Market Outcomes in the United States
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
2w ago
Mauricio Bucca Sociological Science June 10, 2024 10.15195/v11.a19 Abstract Studies of colorism—the idea that racial hierarchies coexist with gradational inequalities based on skin color—consistently find that darker skin correlates with lower socioeconomic outcomes. Despite the causal nature of this debate, evidence remains predominantly associational. This study revisits the colorism literature by proposing a causal model underlying these theories. It discusses conditions under which associations may reflect contemporary causal effects of skin color and evaluates strategies for identifying ..read more
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Intergenerational Social Mobility Among the Children of Immigrants in Western Europe: Between Socioeconomic Assimilation and Disadvantage
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
2w ago
Mauricio Bucca, Lucas G. Drouhot Sociological Science June 3, 2024 10.15195/v11.a18 Abstract Are Western European countries successfully incorporating their immigrant populations? We approach immigrant incorporation as a process of intergenerational social mobility and argue that mobility trajectories are uniquely suited to gauge the influence of immigrant origins on life chances. We compare trajectories of absolute intergenerational mobility among second generation and native populations using nationally representative data in seven European countries and report two major findings. First, we ..read more
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The Effects of Social Mobility
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
1M ago
Richard Breen, John Ermisch Sociological Science April 29, 2024 10.15195/v11.a17 Abstract The question of how social mobility affects outcomes, such as political preferences, wellbeing, and fertility, has long been of interest to sociologists. But finding answers to this question has been plagued by, on the one hand, the non-identifiability of “mobility effects” as they are usually conceived in this literature, and, on the other, the fact that these “effects” are, in reality, partial associations which may or may not represent causal relationships. We advance a different approach, drawing on ..read more
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When Do Haters Act? Peer Evaluation, Negative Relationships, and Brokerage
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
2M ago
Jason Greenberg, Christopher C. Liu, Leanne ten Brinke Sociological Science April 17, 2024 10.15195/v11.a16 Abstract In many organizational settings, individuals make evaluations in the context of affect-based negative relationships, in which an evaluator personally dislikes the evaluated individual. However, these dislikes are often held in check by norms of professionalism that preclude the use of personal preferences in objective evaluations. In this article, we draw from social network theory to suggest that only individuals that are network brokers—those who have the cognitive freedom to ..read more
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From Metallica to Mozart: Mapping the Cultural Hierarchy of Lifestyle Activities
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
2M ago
Mads Meier Jæger, Mikkel Haderup Larsen Sociological Science April 12, 2024 10.15195/v11.a15 Abstract Theories of cultural stratification argue that a widely shared cultural hierarchy legitimizes status differences and inequality. Yet, we know little about this hierarchy empirically. To address this limitation, we collected survey data in Denmark and asked respondents to rate the implied social rank of 60 activities, genres, and objects belonging to six lifestyle domains (music, food, performing arts, leisure, sport, and literature). We use ratings of social rank to infer about the cultural h ..read more
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Implicit Terror: A Natural Experiment on How Terror Attacks Affect Implicit Bias
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
2M ago
Filip Olsson Sociological Science April 9, 2024 10.15195/v11.a14 Abstract Sociology has recently seen a surge of interest in implicit culture, which refers to knowledge, habits, and feelings that are largely automatic and habitual. In this article, I argue that certain expressions of implicit culture may be more contextual and malleable than previously thought. The argument is illustrated by showing how terror attacks in France affect implicit bias toward Arab Muslims. By analyzing the longevity and specificity of this effect, I also detail when and why implicit bias might change. The article ..read more
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Every Forest Has Its Shadow: The Demographics of Concealment in the United States
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
2M ago
Maria S. Grigoryeva, Blaine G. Robbins Sociological Science April 5, 2024 10.15195/v11.a13 Abstract This article examines what people conceal, who conceals from whom, and whether there are demographic differences in how much and what people conceal. We map concealment using a two-wave probability survey and behavioral experiment of U.S. adults (N = 1,281). Our survey measures self-reports of 37 different concealable attitudes, behaviors, and characteristics over a 12-month period, whereas the experiment provides a concrete behavioral measure of concealment. These data yield four principal fin ..read more
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Identity from Symbolic Networks: The Rise of New Hollywood
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
2M ago
Katharina Burgdorf, Henning Hillmann Sociological Science April 2, 2024 10.15195/v11.a12 Abstract To what extent may individual autonomy persist under the constraints of group identity? This dualism is particularly salient in new movements that value individual creativity above all, and yet have to muster community cohesion to establish a new style. Using the case of New Hollywood in the 1960s and 1970s, the authors show how this movement reconciled the demands of collective identity and collaboration in film production with their commitment to the individual filmmaker’s artistic autonomy. Us ..read more
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The Effect of Workplace Raids on Academic Performance: Evidence from Texas
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
3M ago
Sofia Avila Sociological Science March 28, 2024 10.15195/v11.a11 Abstract Workplace raids are visible and disruptive immigration enforcement operations that can result in the detention of hundreds of immigrants at one time. Despite concerns about the impact of raids on children’s well-being, there is limited research on how these tactics affect their academic performance. Using school-level testing data from 2015 to 2019, I compare changes in the performance of Hispanic students in schools close to a workplace raid to white students in the same schools and Hispanic students at control schools ..read more
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Can't Catch a Break: Intersectional Inequalities at Work
Sociological Science
by Parker Webservices
3M ago
Kristen Harknett, Charlotte O’Herron, Evelyn Bellew Sociological Science March 25, 2024 10.15195/v11.a10 Abstract The labor market is the site of longstanding and persistent inequalities across race and gender groups in hiring, compensation, and advancement. In this paper, we draw on data from 13,574 hourly service-sector workers to extend the study of intersectional labor market inequalities to workers’ experience on the job. In the service sector, where workers are regularly expected to be on their feet for long hours and contend with intense and unrelenting workloads, regular break time is ..read more
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