Mongabay at 25: A Reflection on the Journey and Future
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Rhett A. Butler
2h ago
In high school, I had the great fortune to visit a spectacular rainforest in Malaysian Borneo. Some of my fondest memories are from this forest: hiking under the tall trees, swimming in crystal-clear creeks, and appreciating the beauty of its creatures.  Back home in California, I kept in touch with a biologist I met on that trip, so a few months later, I was devastated to learn that this very forest was to be pulped for paper. Lowland rainforest in Malaysian Borneo. Photo by Rhett A. Butler / Mongabay The Origin of Mongabay The destruction of that far-off forest did more than break my he ..read more
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Bali’s rapid coastal erosion threatens island’s ecosystems & communities: Study
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Basten Gokkon
2d ago
JAKARTA — Indonesia’s Bali island is shrinking at a faster rate than most coastal areas in the world due to human activities and wave circulation, according to a recently published study. Bali’s shoreline decreased to 662.59 kilometers (411.71 miles) from 668.64 km (415.47 mi) between 2016 and 2021 at an average rate of -1.21 meters (3.97 feet) annually, said a group of researchers from Indonesia, Japan and Turkiye (Turkey) in their paper published on May 29 in the journal Regional Studies in Marine Science. Globally, 24% of the world’s sandy beaches have faced erosion at rates more than 0.5 m ..read more
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Forced evictions suppress Maasai spirituality & sacred spaces in Tanzania
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Sonam Lama Hyolmo
2d ago
When the dawn breaks over Kisokon village in Kenya’s Narok county, Maasai herders leave their bomas, tend to their cattle and follow them around as they graze in nearby pastures. But this is rarely the morning routine of Mokompo Ole Simel, one of Africa’s oldest oloiboni, a traditional spiritual leader. Simel, in his 90s, wakes up by the sun, offers daily prayers to his ancestors and the Maasai’s traditional supreme deity, Enkai. He then spends the rest of his morning sauntering around his land, covered in old sacred oreteti fig trees (Ficus thonningii), which his ancestors have owned for gene ..read more
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The most prominent mining companies in the Pan Amazon – a review
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Timothy J. Killeen
2d ago
Vale SA Brazil’s second most valuable company is also the fifth largest global mining corporation. In 2022, it was as ranked by the Refinitiv ESG framework as best in its class of ‘diversified miners’ (1 out of 615). This score is remarkable considering Vale is being sued by the SEC for deliberately misleading investors of its ESG-related risks prior to the tailings pond disasters at Brumadinho in 2019. Ironically, this high ranking is a direct consequence of that disaster, which led to a 50 % drop in its share price and the dismissal of its CEO. The company subsequently invested in multiple h ..read more
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‘Water grabs’ pose big threat to farmers amid water crises
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Aimee Gabay
2d ago
A new report has found that investors and agribusiness in Latin America are increasingly buying up small parcels of land with abundant water access, thus securing control over the vital resource. They’re also exacerbating water scarcity by planting water-intensive crops and expanding irrigated cultivation, according to the report by the Belgium-based International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food). “It is becoming more and more difficult to produce food in rural communities through peasant farming because there is no water,” Viviana Catrileo Epul, director of Chile’s Nat ..read more
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Indonesia’s Avatar sea nomads enact Indigenous rules to protect octopus
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Sarjan Lahay
3d ago
POHUWATO, Indonesia — Moji Tiok has spent more than a decade casting off into the Gulf of Tomini, where he spends hours hunting with traditional fishing gear among a diminishing pool of octopus south of Indonesia’s Gorontalo province. “I’ve been an octopus fisherman since 2013, and back then it was very hard for us to find large octopus,” Moji Tiok, a member of the Indigenous Bajo seafaring tribe, told Mongabay Indonesia. “What we earn would just about cover our daily needs.” Moji Tiok’s forebears hunted octopus for far longer than a decade. The world’s largest collective of marine nomads has ..read more
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Sick chimps seek out medicinal plants to heal themselves, study finds
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Charles Mpaka
3d ago
Wild chimpanzees actively seek out plants with medicinal properties to treat themselves for specific ailments,a new study has found. While most animals consume foods with medicinal properties as part of their routine diet, few species have been shown to engage in self-medication in a way that suggests they have basic awareness of the healing properties of the plants they’re feeding on. Until now, the challenge has been to distinguish between normal consumption of food that has medicinal value, on the one hand, and ingesting such foods for the purpose of treating a condition, on the other. “Sel ..read more
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From the Amazon to the Himalayas, an invasive catfish makes its Nepal debut
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Abhaya Raj Joshi
4d ago
KATHMANDU — The discovery in a Nepali river of an armored catfish native to the Amazon has alarmed researchers and conservationists, who say it’s still not clear how the species found its way from the South American rainforest to the Himalayan nation. Forty-three specimens of Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus, known as the vermiculated sailfin catfish, were discovered in the Lohandra River during surveys of various rivers in eastern Nepal from May 2019 to July 2023. The findings were documented in a newly published study in the journal BioInvasions Records. “Our study for the first time shows the ..read more
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Zambian forest reserve rebounds with a little assistance
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Ryan Truscott
4d ago
In 2019, there were around 100 families living in the Katanino Forest Reserve, cutting down trees to produce charcoal in mud-covered kilns, and selling the fuel by the bag on a nearby road leading to major cities in Zambia’s Copperbelt province. That same year, conservation group WeForest began working with the Zambian Forestry Department and members of the local community to restore the reserve. Four years on, hundreds of hectares of degraded forest have grown back from severed stumps. Morton Shanzi, manager of the Katanino Forest Landscape Restoration Project, told Mongabay that before the r ..read more
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Study: Female chimps that don’t leave their birth groups can still avoid inbreeding
Mongabay » Environmental Justice
by Malavika Vyawahare
4d ago
Puberty comes with its challenges for Homo sapiens, but for female chimpanzees it presents a particular quandary: how to avoid mating with your male kin. It’s not easy, especially on home turf. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) embrace promiscuous mating; during sexual swellings, female chimpanzees mate with almost all eligible males in their group. This means their daughters run a high risk of encountering brothers, half-brothers, and even their own fathers when they reach adolescence. “With humans, you know who your dad is, you know who your paternal brothers are, because we’ve got paired bonds ..read more
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