Bad governance in Australia and how to mitigate it
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Keith Dowding, Marija Taflaga
1w ago
Abstract We argue that new public management (NPM) and other processes have led to adverse selection and agency rent problems within the political elite in Australia. The politicisation of the public service and the rise of careerist politicians have led to the de-separation of what was once two distinct career paths within the political elite. This has changed the decision premise of the advisory system for policy formation and implementation, leading to worse public policy, even policy disasters. We recommend that some of the principles of the Westminster form of government be updated and re ..read more
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What can we learn from disability policy to advance our understanding of how to operationalise intersectionality in Australian policy frameworks?
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Shona Bates, Rosemary Kayess, Ilan Katz
1w ago
Abstract Intersectional theory recognises inequity is rarely the result of one social identity; social identities, and their interaction with context and power relations, offer some protective factors, while marginalises others. Taking an intersectional approach to social policy has the potential to provide deeper insights in terms of identifying and responding to needs, and understanding the impact of policies and specific interventions for diverse people. While Australian social policies, such as national strategies, are beginning to recognise inequity is likely to be higher for some social ..read more
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Developing a Human Learning Systems approach for inter‐agency collaboration: Lessons from the UK NHS
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Christianne Ormston, Michael Macaulay
2w ago
Abstract This research note presents an exploratory case study that investigates ways in which Human Learning Systems (HLS) has been applied to a new UK health initiative, Collaborative Newcastle. Collaborative Newcastle is a multi-agency venture that brings together the National Health Service, local government, higher education, voluntary organisations, and the community sector to encourage innovation and cooperation in delivering healthcare services. As part of this initiative, multi-agency leadership training has been delivered to managers working within the Collaborative Newcastle organis ..read more
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What do ministers and their advisers say to the critics of Public–Private Partnerships? Results from a mixed‐methods study
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Sebastian Zwalf
1M ago
Abstract Public–private partnerships (PPPs) have become an increasingly common model for government infrastructure delivery around the world. However, despite their widespread use, scholarship has been generally sceptical. This study identified 14 common policy and governance criticisms and observations of PPPs as they relate to the interests of citizens. Through interviews and surveys with 23 former government ministers—including 15 former premiers—and 87 political advisers, it tested levels of agreement with each criticism and observation. Its quantitative results find that politicians and t ..read more
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How can local government be better supported to collaborate for community health and wellbeing?
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Michelle J. Morgan, Elaine Stratford, Samantha Rowbotham, Siobhan Harpur
1M ago
Abstract Collaboration is a key strategy among local governments as expectations of the sector grow and resources to meet them fall short. Thus, more research is needed to consider how local governments can be supported to collaborate with others, not least for community health and wellbeing outcomes. In an earlier study, we explored inter-municipal cooperation using social network analysis and local government perspectives on community health and wellbeing in the Australian state of Tasmania. Extending that study in ways reported here, we interviewed elected representatives and council staff ..read more
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From local government to local governance: A systematic literature review and future research agenda
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Chengzhi Yi, Xinyi Qiu
1M ago
Abstract The shift from local government to local governance has become a pervasive trend globally. Yet, little attention has been devoted to systematisation of existing knowledge on local governance. To enhance the understanding of local governance in public administration, this article provides a systematic literature review of 141 articles published in leading public administration journals between 1990 and 2022. Six lines of study are identified, including community, power, partnership, participation, reform, and performance, and 10 propositions about these themes are summarised. Existing ..read more
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ChatGPT in public policy teaching and assessment: An examination of opportunities and challenges
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Daniel Casey
2M ago
Abstract This paper presents the findings of an innovative assessment task that required students to use ChatGPT for drafting a policy brief to an Australian Government minister. The study explores how future public policy students perceive ChatGPT's role in both public policy and teaching and assessment. Through self-reflective essays and focus group discussions, the research looks at the limitations of ChatGPT that the students identified, demonstrating it struggles to produce analytically sound, politically responsive, and nuanced policy recommendations. The findings align with the “technos ..read more
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How do street‐level organisations adapt to a new policy framework? Evidence from a Swiss canton
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Claudio Domenig, Fritz Sager
2M ago
Abstract This article examines how street-level organisations (SLO) respond to new legal framework conditions after regulatory reform. Organisational response to a changed legal framework is key to understand implementation resilience as established organisational practice may collide with new legal obligations. Our cases are four family support and child protection organisations in a Swiss canton facing new legislation. These SLO and their personnel are strongly committed to their clientele and thus cannot simply adapt to new legislation. The study shows how the organisations perceive their d ..read more
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Collaboration risk, vulnerability, and resource sharing in disaster management networks
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Minsun Song, Joungyoon Hwang, Inseok Seo
2M ago
Abstract Local governments have the authority to implement emergency management and are the primary responders in emergencies. They are strategically positioned to lead the charge in disaster response. Similar to other wicked problems, disasters require comprehensive and complicated responses. Local emergency management networks facilitate the exchange of information and resources between local entities and their collaborating partners. Successful collaboration across local governments is imperative in unexpected and urgent incidents. This paper applies the institutional collective action (ICA ..read more
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Barriers to public sector innovation in Switzerland: A phase‐based investigation
Wiley Online Library » Australian Journal of Public Administration
by Sebastian Singler, Ali A. Guenduez
2M ago
Abstract Innovation processes are crucial to modernizing business processes, products, and institutional arrangements in the public sector. However, many attempts at innovation in this area fail. Previous research has identified various barriers, yet little is known regarding which might manifest during the various phases of the innovation process. In this study, we analyse the barriers to public sector innovation from a process perspective, using the policy cycle as an analytical framework. We conducted qualitative interviews (n = 22) with Swiss practitioners to explore barriers to ..read more
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