Reforms in UK Data Protection Law: Potential Impacts on Individuals’ Rights Protection and AI Transparency
OHRH Blog
by Jinghe Fan
1d ago
The Data Protection and Digital Information Bill (DPDI Bill) was re-introduced into the UK Parliament in March 2023 and is currently being debated at the Committee stage in the House of Lords. Since Brexit, the UK can unilaterally decide to reform its legal framework on personal data regulation so that data power can be further unlocked. This objective is also tightly related to the pro-innovation approach aimed at spurring AI development in the UK. The DPDI Bill seeks to provide organisations with greater flexibility and stability in data processing while maintaining high standards of data pr ..read more
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Supreme Court of Pakistan Holds that the Courts Cannot Pass a Decree of Khula Without a Woman’s Consent
OHRH Blog
by Rida Tahir
2d ago
Khula is not a favourable method of divorce for women because they are compelled to return their dower. Under the Muslim Law, dower is the sum of money or property which the bride receives from the groom in consideration of marriage. On 15 February 2024, the Supreme Court (SC) of Pakistan held in Ibrahim Khan v Saima Khan that the courts cannot pass the decree of khula without a woman’s consent. The court also differentiated between khula and the ‘dissolution of marriage’. The judgement is an important step towards empowering women who approach the court for dissolution of their abusive marria ..read more
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Direct Democracy in Action: Swiss Voters Decide to Augment the Statutory Old Age Pension
OHRH Blog
by Christa Tobler
1w ago
On 3 March 2024, Swiss voters decided in favour of a 13th Old-Age and Survivors’ Insurance (OASI) payment per year, but against gradually raising the statutory retirement age. For the first time in the system of the Swiss direct democracy, a popular initiative to expand the welfare state was adopted. In the Swiss system of direct democracy, the Swiss Federal Constitution can be changed, among others, through popular initiatives. In Swiss terminology, this is distinguished from referenda, which concern decisions by the Swiss Federal Assembly, i.e. the Federal Parliament. In order to be put to v ..read more
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Die direkte Demokratie in Aktion: Die Schweizer Stimmbevölkerung entscheidet zugunsten einer Erhöhung der gesetzlichen Altersrente
OHRH Blog
by Christa Tobler
1w ago
Am 3. März 2024 hat sich die Schweizer Stimmbevölkerung für eine dreizehnte jährliche Zahlung der Alters- und Hinterbliebenenversicherung (AHV), aber gegen eine schrittweise Erhöhung des gesetzlichen Rentenalters ausgesprochen. Zum ersten Mal im System der direkten Demokratie der Schweiz wurde eine Volksinitiative zur Ausweitung des Wohlfahrtsstaates angenommen. Im Schweizer System der direkten Demokratie kann die Schweizer Bundesverfassung unter anderem durch Volksinitiativen geändert werden. In der Schweizer Terminologie müssen solche Initiativen von Referenden unterschieden werden; die Letz ..read more
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La démocratie directe en action : Les électeurs suisses décident d’augmenter la rente de vieillesse de l’Etat
OHRH Blog
by Christa Tobler
1w ago
Le 3 mars 2024, les électeurs suisses se sont prononcés en faveur d’un treizième versement annuel de l’assurance vieillesse et survivants (AVS), mais contre le relèvement progressif de l’âge légal de la retraite. Pour la première fois dans le système de démocratie directe suisse, une initiative populaire visant à étendre l’État-providence a été adoptée. Dans le système suisse de démocratie directe, la Constitution fédérale suisse peut être modifiée, entre autres, par des initiatives populaires. Dans la terminologie suisse, cela se distingue des référendums, qui concernent les décisions de l’As ..read more
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Pacific Island Countries Make Historic Submissions to the International Court of Justice Climate Change Advisory Opinion
OHRH Blog
by Johanna L. Gusman
1w ago
March marks a major moment for the Pacific. After nearly a year since the General Assembly adopted a landmark resolution requesting an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on the obligations of States in respect of climate change—a decision that passed via consensus and was co-sponsored by 132 nations—the deadline for written submissions saw record numbers of Pacific Island countries participate. In the words of Pacific Island Students Fighting Climate Change (the students that begot the idea of taking this issue to the world’s highest court), this advisory opinion ha ..read more
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Climate change in Strasbourg: a big victory for the human-rights agenda through the rigorous application of international human-rights law
OHRH Blog
by Stephanos Stavros
1w ago
All major challenges facing Europe today have a human-rights dimension, which sooner or later the ECtHR will be invited to examine. The Court, of course, provides legal answers to legal questions. Nevertheless, its decisions are also grounded on legal pragmatism, as evidenced by Burmych (not for the ECtHR but the CM to examine 12000 repetitive cases), Köksal (Turkey had remedies for post-attempted-coup alleged violations) and Georgia v. Russia (II) (hands-off approach during active-hostilities phase). Against this background, many thought that all the climate-change cases that had started arri ..read more
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Love, Lies, and the Law: The Quandary of Criminalising False Promise to Marry in India
OHRH Blog
by Mihika Poddar
1w ago
Indian law is notorious for censuring sexuality outside of marriage, especially for women. A pertinent example is the criminalisation of a ‘false promise to marry’ (FPM) as rape, which recent law reforms will now treat as a separate sexual offence. While this invokes a bigger debate on criminalisation of deceptive sex, such treatment of marriage-related deception raises particular problems.  This offence was initially created judicially, reasoning that consent to sexual intercourse given under a misconception of fact (a false promise of marriage in future) is invalid, and therefore amount ..read more
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The dark side of amnesty laws: impunity guaranteed. The case of Nicaragua
OHRH Blog
by Tomás Fernández Fiks
1w ago
Amnesty laws can, in principle, be an acceptable transitional justice mechanism. It is sometimes the case that, due to lack of resources or political instability, criminal prosecutions are not a viable option against perpetrators of past crimes. The passing of a general amnesty can then provide a clean sheet so that formerly rival groups may coexist peacefully. Moreover, amnesties can be a quick and effective way to release political dissenters who were wrongly imprisoned for exercising their right to protest. However, amnesty laws also have a dark side. When sanctioned by a government to shie ..read more
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El lado oscuro de las leyes de amnistía: impunidad garantizada. El caso de Nicaragua
OHRH Blog
by Tomás Fernández Fiks
1w ago
Las leyes de amnistía son, en principio, herramientas de justicia transicional perfectamente aceptables. En ocasiones, debido a factores tales como escasez de recursos o inestabilidad política, no es posible juzgar penalmente a los responsables de cometer violaciones contra los derechos humanos. Bajo ciertas circunstancias, el dictado de una amnistía puede funcionar como borrón y cuenta nueva para que facciones otrora enemistadas comiencen a convivir pacíficamente. Además, las amnistías pueden utilizarse como un medio rápido y efectivo para liberar a personas que han sido indebidamente encarce ..read more
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